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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250517, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355859

RESUMO

Abstract Lactobacilli are probiotics with Aflatoxin (AF) detoxification ability, found in fermented products, GIT of animals and environment. Purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of broiler isolates of Lactobacillus against Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). For this purpose, 5 isolates of Lactobacillus from broiler gut were incubated with 100 ppb AFB1 in aqueous environment and effect of different parameters (cell fractions, time, temperature, pH) on detoxification was determined by HPLC. The ameliorative effect of Lactobacillus salivarius (LS) against AFB1 was studied in broiler. The results revealed that LS (CR. 4) showed the best results (in vitro) as compared to other isolates (L. salivarius (CR. 3, CR, 4), L. agilis (CE. 2.1, CE. 3.1) and L. crispatus (CE. 28). Cell debris of CR. 4 showed significantly higher detoxification (P<0.05). Maximum amount of AFB1 was detoxified at 30°C (97%), pH 4.0 (99%) and 6 h (99.97%). In vivo study showed that AFB1 decreased weight gain (1,269 ± 0.04 gm/ bird), feed consumed (2,161 ± 0.08 gm/ bird), serum total protein (2.42 ± 0.34 gm/ dl), serum albumin (0.5 ± 0.2 2 gm/dl) and antibody titer (4.2 ± 0.83). Liver function enzymes were found (alanine transaminase (ALT): 32 ± 10.7 U/L) and aspartate transaminase (AST): 314.8 ± 27 U/L) elevated in AFB1 fed broilers. Treatment with 1% LS not only decreased the toxic effects of AFB1 (group D) but also improved the overall health of broilers due to its probiotic effects (p<0.05) as compared to control negative (group A). The detoxification ability of LS was better than commercial binder (CB) (0.2% Protmyc). It was concluded that detoxification of AFB1 by Lactobacillus was strain, temperature, pH and time dependent. LS has detoxification ability against AFB1 in vivo.


Resumo Os lactobacilos são probióticos com capacidade de desintoxicação da Aflatoxina (AF), encontrados em produtos fermentados, TGI de animais e meio ambiente. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a capacidade de isolados de frango de corte de Lactobacillus contra a Aflatoxina B1 (AFB1). Para tanto, 5 isolados de Lactobacillus de intestino de frango foram incubados com 100 ppb AFB1 em meio aquoso, e o efeito de diferentes parâmetros (frações celulares, tempo, temperatura, pH) na desintoxicação foi determinado por CLAE. O efeito melhorador de Lactobacillus salivarius (LS) contra AFB1 foi estudado em frangos de corte. Os resultados revelaram que LS (CR. 4) apresentou os melhores resultados (in vitro) em comparação com outros isolados [L. salivarius (CR. 3, CR. 4), L. agilis (CE. 2.1, CE. 3.1) e L. crispatus (CE. 28)]. Detritos celulares de CR. 4 mostraram desintoxicação significativamente maior (P < 0.05). A quantidade máxima de AFB1 foi desintoxicada a 30 °C (97%), pH 4.0 (99%) e 6 h (99,97%). O estudo in vivo mostrou que AFB1 diminuiu o ganho de peso (1,269 ± 0.04 g / ave), alimento consumido (2,161 ± 0.08 g / ave), proteína total sérica (2.42 ± 0.34 g / dl), albumina sérica (0.5 ± 0.22 gm / dl) e título de anticorpo (4.2 ± 0.83). As enzimas da função hepática foram encontradas (alanina transaminase (ALT): 32 ± 10.7 U / L) e aspartato transaminase (AST): 314.8 ± 27 U / L) elevadas em AFB1 alimentados com frangos. O tratamento com 1% LS não só diminuiu os efeitos tóxicos de AFB1 (grupo D), mas também melhorou a saúde geral dos frangos devido aos seus efeitos probióticos (p < 0.05) em comparação com o controle negativo (grupo A). A capacidade de desintoxicação do LS foi melhor do que o aglutinante comercial (CB) (0.2% Protmyc). Concluiu-se que a desintoxicação de AFB1 por Lactobacillus foi dependente da cepa, temperatura, pH e tempo. LS tem capacidade de desintoxicação contra AFB1 in vivo.


Assuntos
Animais , Aflatoxina B1/análise , Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Probióticos , Galinhas , Lactobacillus , Ração Animal/análise
2.
Gut Microbes ; 14(1): 2057779, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506256

RESUMO

The neonatal intestinal tract is immature and can be easily infected by pathogens causing inflammation. Maternal diet manipulation is a promising nutritional strategy to enhance the gut health of offspring. A fermented diet is a gut microbiota targeting diet containing live probiotics and their metabolites, which benefit the gut and overall health host. However, it remains unclear how a maternal fermented diet (MFD) affects neonatal intestinal inflammation. Here, in vivo and in vitro models together with multi-omics analysis were applied to investigate the impacts and the underlying mechanism through which an MFD prevents from gut inflammation in neonates. An MFD remarkably improved the performance of both sows and piglets and significantly altered the gut microbiome and milk metabolome of sows. In addition, the MFD significantly accelerated the maturation of the gut microbiota of neonates and increased the abundance of gut Lactobacillus and the microbial functions of amino acid-related enzymes and glucose metabolism on the weaning day. Notably, the MFD reduced susceptibility to colonic inflammation in offspring. The fecal microbiota of sows was then transplanted into mouse dams and it was found that the mouse dams and pups in the MFD group alleviated the LPS-induced decrease in gut Lactobacillus abundance and barrier injury. Milk L-glutamine (GLN) and gut Lactobacillus reuteri (LR) were found as two of the main MFD-induced sow effectors that contributed to the gut health of piglets. The properties of LR and GLN in modulating gut microbiota and alleviating colonic inflammation by inhibiting the phosphorylation of p38 and JNK and activation of Caspase 3 were further verified. These findings provide the first data revealing that an MFD drives neonate gut microbiota development and ameliorates the colonic inflammation by regulating the gut microbiota. This fundamental evidence might provide references for modulating maternal nutrition to enhance early-life gut health and prevent gut inflammation.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Probióticos , Animais , Dieta , Feminino , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Humanos , Inflamação , Lactobacillus , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Camundongos , Probióticos/farmacologia , Suínos
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522201

RESUMO

Two lactic acid bacterial strains (IMAU80584T and IMAU92037) were isolated from naturally fermented dairy products (kurut and yoghurt) in China and Russia. Based on sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene it was revealed that these strains belonged to Lentilactobacillus rapi. However, phylogenetic tree analyses of two housekeeping genes, rpoA (encoding RNA polymerase alpha subunit) and pheS (encoding phenylalanyl-tRNA synthase alpha subunit), and 88 core genes, indicated the two strains were separated into an independent monophyletic branch from L. rapi DSM 19907T, forming an infra-specific subgroup. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between IMAU80584T and L. rapi DSM 19907T were 93.1 and 52.8 %, respectively. Strains IMAU80584T and IMAU92037 are distinguished from L. rapi DSM 19907T because they have different polar lipids and fatty acids. The novel subgroup strains could not ferment gluconate potassium. The DNA G+C content of strain IMAU80584T was 42.3 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, C18 : 1 ω9t and summed feature 5 (C18 : 0 ante and/or C18 : 2 ω6c and/or C18 : 2 ω9c). Therefore, based on the results of polyphasic taxonomic analysis, IMAU80584T and IMAU92037 could be considered as a novel subspecies in the species L. rapi with the proposed name Lentilactobacillus rapi subsp. dabitei subsp. nov. The type strain is IMAU80584T (=GDMCC 1.2566T=JCM 34647T).


Assuntos
Produtos Fermentados do Leite , Ácido Láctico , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Lactobacillus , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Front Immunol ; 13: 857242, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432359

RESUMO

Alginate oligosaccharide is the depolymerized product of alginate, a natural extract of brown algae, which is associated with beneficial health effects. Here, we aimed to investigate the mechanism via which alginate oligosaccharides improve kidney oxidative damage and liver inflammation induced by cisplatin chemotherapy via the gut microbiota. C57BL/6J mice were treated with cisplatin were administered alginate oligosaccharide via gavage for 3 weeks. Compared to that observed in the cisplatin chemotherapy group without intragastric administration of alginate oligosaccharide, liver inflammation improved in the alginate oligosaccharide group, indicated by reduction in lipopolysaccharide and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) levels. This was accompanied by improvement in the oxidative stress of mice kidneys, indicated by the increase in the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and nuclear NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in renal tissue, and reduction in the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) in renal tissue and serum creatinine (Cr) to the levels of the normal control group. Alginate oligosaccharide intervention increased the concentration of fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs). Alginate oligosaccharide regulated the composition of the intestinal microbial community and promoted Lactobacillus stains, such as Lactobacillus johnsonii and Lactobacillus reuteri. Spearman analysis showed that 5 members of FAHFAs concentrations were positively correlated with Lactobacillus johnsonii and Lactobacillus reuteri abundance. We observed that alginate oligosaccharide increased FAHFAs producing-related bacterial abundance and FAHFAs levels, enhanced the levels of SOD and CAT in kidney tissue, and reduced the levels of MDA via activating Nrf2, thereby ameliorating the renal redox injury caused by cisplatin chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Nefropatias , Lactobacillus reuteri , Alginatos/metabolismo , Alginatos/farmacologia , Alginatos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Oligossacarídeos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6748, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468931

RESUMO

In the present study, we elucidated the effect of grain-based (GB) diet containing both soluble and insoluble fibers and purified ingredients-based (PIB) diet containing only insoluble fiber, namely cellulose on mice gut microbiome using whole shotgun based metagenomic sequencing. Although the fiber content in both diet types is the same (5%) the presence of soluble fiber only in the GB diet differentiates it from the PIB diet. The taxonomic analysis of sequenced reads reveals a significantly higher enrichment of probiotic Lactobacilli in the GB group as compared to the PIB group. Further, the enhancement of energy expensive cellular processes namely, cell cycle control, cell division, chromosome partitioning, and transcription is observed in the GB group which could be due to the metabolization of the soluble fiber for faster energy production. In contrast, a higher abundance of cellulolytic bacterial community namely, the members of family Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae and the metabolism functions are found in the PIB group. The PIB group shows a significant increase in host-derived oligosaccharide metabolism functions indicating that they might first target the host-derived oligosaccharides and self-stored glycogen in addition to utilising the available cellulose. In addition to the beneficial microbial community variations, both the groups also exhibited an increased abundance of opportunistic pathobionts which could be due to an overall low amount of fiber in the diet. Furthermore, backtracing analysis identified probiotic members of Lactobacillus, viz., L. crispatus ST1, L. fermentum CECT 5716, L. gasseri ATCC 33323, L. johnsonii NCC 533 and L. reuteri 100-23 in the GB group, while Bilophila wadsworthia 3_1_6, Desulfovibrio piger ATCC 29098, Clostridium symbiosum WAL-14163, and Ruminococcaceae bacterium D16 in the PIB group. These data suggest that Lactobacilli, a probiotic community of microorganisms, are the predominant functional contributors in the gut of GB diet-fed mice, whereas pathobionts too coexisted with commensals in the gut microbiome of the PIB group. Thus at 5% fiber, GB modifies the gut microbial ecology more effectively than PIB and the inclusion of soluble fiber in the GB diet may be one of the primary factors responsible for this impact.


Assuntos
Metagenoma , Prebióticos , Animais , Celulose/farmacologia , Dieta , Fibras na Dieta/farmacologia , Grão Comestível , Lactobacillus/genética , Metagenômica , Camundongos
6.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 806463, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402306

RESUMO

Periodontal diseases are one of the most common chronic inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity, which are initiated and sustained by pathogenic plaque biofilms. Central to modern periodontology is the idea that dysbiosis of periodontal microecology and disorder of host inflammatory response gives rise to degradation of periodontal tissues together, which eventually leads to tooth loss, seriously affecting the life quality of patients. Probiotics were originally used to treat intestinal diseases, while in recent years, extensive studies have been exploring the utilization of probiotics in oral disease treatment and oral healthcare. Probiotic bacteria derived from the genera Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Streptococcus, and Weissella are found to play an effective role in the prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases via regulating periodontal microbiota or host immune responses. Here, we review the research status of periodontal health-promoting probiotic species and their regulatory effects. The current issues on the effectiveness and safety of probiotics in the management of periodontal diseases are also discussed at last. Taken together, the use of probiotics is a promising approach to prevent and treat periodontal diseases. Nevertheless, their practical use for periodontal health needs further research and exploration.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais , Probióticos , Bifidobacterium , Disbiose/terapia , Humanos , Lactobacillus , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Probióticos/uso terapêutico
7.
Microbiologyopen ; 11(2): e1270, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35478283

RESUMO

Necrotic enteritis (NE), caused by Clostridium perfringens, is an intestinal disease with devastating economic losses to the poultry industry. NE is a complex disease and predisposing factors that compromise gut integrity are required to facilitate C. perfringens proliferation and toxin production. NE is also characterized by drastic shifts in gut microbiota; C. perfringens is negatively correlated with Lactobacilli. Vaccines are only partially effective against NE and antibiotics suffer from the concern of resistance development. These strategies address only some aspects of NE pathogenesis. Thus, there is an urgent need for alternative strategies that address multiple aspects of NE biology. Here, we developed Limosilactobacillus (Lactobacillus) reuteri vectors for in situ delivery of nanobodies against NetB and α toxin, two key toxins associated with NE pathophysiology. We generated nanobodies and showed that these nanobodies neutralize NetB and α toxin. We selected L. reuteri vector strains with intrinsic benefits and demonstrated that these strains inhibit C. perfringens and secrete over 130 metabolites, some of which play a key role in maintaining gut health. Recombinant L. reuteri strains efficiently secreted nanobodies and these nanobodies neutralized NetB. The recombinant strains were genetically and phenotypically stable over 480 generations and showed persistent colonization in chickens. A two-dose in ovo and drinking water administration of recombinant L. reuteri strains protected chickens from NE-associated mortality. These results provide proof-of-concept data for using L. reuteri as a live vector for delivery of nanobodies with broad applicability to other targets and highlight the potential synergistic effects of vector strains and nanobodies for addressing complex diseases such as NE.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas , Infecções por Clostridium , Enterite , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Anticorpos de Domínio Único , Animais , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Galinhas , Infecções por Clostridium/patologia , Infecções por Clostridium/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Clostridium/veterinária , Clostridium perfringens/genética , Clostridium perfringens/metabolismo , Enterite/prevenção & controle , Enterite/veterinária , Enterotoxinas/genética , Enterotoxinas/metabolismo , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/genética , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/metabolismo
8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 840245, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464397

RESUMO

In recent decades, probiotic bacteria have become increasingly popular as a result of mounting scientific evidence to indicate their beneficial role in modulating human health. Although there is strong evidence associating various Lactobacillus probiotics to various health benefits, further research is needed, in particular to determine the various mechanisms by which probiotics may exert these effects and indeed to gauge inter-individual value one can expect from consuming these products. One must take into consideration the differences in individual and combination strains, and conditions which create difficulty in making direct comparisons. The aim of this paper is to review the current understanding of the means by which Lactobacillus species stand to benefit our gastrointestinal health.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus , Probióticos , Bactérias , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Humanos , Probióticos/uso terapêutico
9.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 2037, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440638

RESUMO

Honeybees are highly social insects with a rich behavioral repertoire and are a versatile model for neurobiological research. Their gut microbiota comprises a limited number of host-restricted bacterial phylotypes that are important for honeybee health. However, it remains unclear how specific gut members affect honeybee behaviors. Here, we find that antibiotic exposure disturbs the gut community and influences honeybee phenotypes under field conditions. Using laboratory-generated gnotobiotic bees, we show that a normal gut microbiota is required for olfactory learning and memory abilities. Brain transcriptomic profiling reveals distinct brain gene expression patterns between microbiota-free and conventional bees. Subsequent metabolomic analyses of both hemolymph and gut samples show that the microbiota mainly regulates tryptophan metabolism. Our results indicate that host-specific Lactobacillus strains promote memory behavior by transforming tryptophan to indole derivatives that activate the host aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Our findings highlight the contributions of specific gut members to honeybee neurological processes, thus providing a promising model to understand host-microbe interactions.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Abelhas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Lactobacillus , Triptofano/metabolismo
10.
Food Microbiol ; 105: 104009, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473971

RESUMO

In this study, we examined the effects of different salt stress application methods on the Lactiplantibacillus plantarum LIP-1 freeze-drying survival rate. The application of salt stress during the stationary phase significantly improved Lactiplantibacillus plantarum LIP-1 freeze-drying survival rates (P < 0.05). The indirect application of salt stress via phosphate-buffered saline containing 0.4 mol/L NaCl (NB group) led to significantly higher freeze-drying survival rates compared to when salt stress was directly applied (NA group: the concentration of NaCl is 0.4 mol/L) (P < 0.05). Following exposure to salt stress, Lactiplantibacillus plantarum LIP-1 cells exuded excessive Na+ out of the cell and transported extracellular K+ into the cell, resulting in upregulation of the trkA gene, which is related to K+ transport, thereby significantly upregulating the expression of a lysR-type transcription factor, which increased the cell membrane unsaturated fatty acid content, reducing the degree of cell membrane damage and improving the freeze-drying survival rate. When the concentration of NaCl is 0.4 mol/L, compared with direct salt stress application, indirect application led to higher intracellular pH and ATP content, which effectively reduced DNA and cell membrane damage, respectively. Together, these results demonstrate that appropriate indirect salt stress application can improve Lactiplantibacillus plantarum LIP-1 freeze-drying resistance.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus , Cloreto de Sódio , Liofilização/métodos , Estresse Salino , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 149: 112891, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367768

RESUMO

Dendrobium mixture (DM) is a patent Chinese herbal formulation consisting of Dendrobii Caulis, Astragali Radix, Rehmanniae Radix as the main ingredients. DM has been shown to alleviate diabetic related symptoms attributed to its anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effect on diabetic induced cognitive dysfunction has not been investigated. This study aims to investigate the effect of DM in improving diabetic cognitive impairment and associated mechanisms. Our study confirmed the anti-hyperglycaemic effect of DM and showed its capacity to restore the cognitive and memory function in high fat/high glucose and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The neuroprotective effect was manifested as improved learning and memory behaviours, restored blood-brain barrier tight junction, and enhanced expressions of neuronal survival related biomarkers. DM protected the colon tight junction, and effectively lowered the circulated proinflammatory mediators including tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 and lipopolysaccharides. In the gut microbiota, DM corrected the increase in the abundance of Firmicutes, the increase in the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes, and the decrease in the abundance of Bacteroidetes in diabetic rats. It also reversed the abundance of Lactobacillus, Ruminococcus and Allobaculum genera. Short chain fatty acids, isobutyric acid and ethylmethylacetic acid, were negatively and significantly correlated to Ruminococcus and Allobaculum. Isovaleric acid was positively and significantly correlated with Lactobacillus, which all contributing to the improvement in glucose level, systemic inflammation and cognitive function in diabetic rats. Our results demonstrated the potential of DM as a promising therapeutic agent in treating diabetic cognitive impairment and the underlying mechanism may be associated with regulating gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Dendrobium , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Glucose/metabolismo , Hipoglicemiantes/metabolismo , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Lactobacillus , Ratos
12.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6518, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444249

RESUMO

Urbanization reduces microbiological abundance and diversity, which has been associated with immune mediated diseases. Urban greening may be used as a prophylactic method to restore microbiological diversity in cities and among urbanites. This study evaluated the impact of air-circulating green walls on bacterial abundance and diversity on human skin, and on immune responses determined by blood cytokine measurements. Human subjects working in offices in two Finnish cities (Lahti and Tampere) participated in a two-week intervention, where green walls were installed in the rooms of the experimental group. Control group worked without green walls. Skin and blood samples were collected before (Day0), during (Day14) and two weeks after (Day28) the intervention. The relative abundance of genus Lactobacillus and the Shannon diversity of phylum Proteobacteria and class Gammaproteobacteria increased in the experimental group. Proteobacterial diversity was connected to the lower proinflammatory cytokine IL-17A level among participants in Lahti. In addition, the change in TGF-ß1 levels was opposite between the experimental and control group. As skin Lactobacillus and the diversity of Proteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria are considered advantageous for skin health, air-circulating green walls may induce beneficial changes in a human microbiome. The immunomodulatory potential of air-circulating green walls deserves further research attention.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Bactérias , Citocinas , Humanos , Lactobacillus , Pele
14.
Food Res Int ; 155: 111062, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400440

RESUMO

The fermentation of strong-flavor baijiu depends largely on the evolution of the microbial community that originated from Daqu and pit mud (PM). Applying fortified Daqu (FD) has been proven to be an effective strategy to improve the quality and yield of baijiu. However, it is unclear what the effects of FD on the liquor brewing microecosystem under different pit ages because of the temporal heterogeneity of the PM community. Taking 2-year (new) and 40-year (aged) pits as the objects, the influence of FD on the metabolic profile, physicochemical parameters, and community diversity in Zaopei and PM was investigated by polyphase detecting approaches. Present results showed that the metabolic profiles of Zaopei were significantly improved by FD, whereas those of PM were mainly dependent on pit age. Aspergillus, Caproiciproducens, and Methanosarcina were more abundant in the aged pit, while Kazachstania, Lactobacillus, and Sphingomonas dominated in the new pit, whether in Zaopei or in PM. The interaction relationships among the communities were also altered by FD, and the co-occurrence network, especially the increased links between archaea and bacteria in the new pit. Notably, this interaction in the aged pit distinctly affected the hexanoic acid content based on the Mantel test. The results of PICRUSt2 analysis inferred that FD perhaps improved the interspecies hydrogen transfer in the new pit and increased the carbon flow of hexanoic acid production during chain elongation in the aged pit. These results provide new insights into the production of high-quality strong-flavor baijiu and the aging of PM.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Bactérias/metabolismo , Fermentação , Lactobacillus
15.
Nutrients ; 14(8)2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458216

RESUMO

Elevated serum cholesterol is a major risk factor for coronary heart diseases. Some Lactobacillus strains with cholesterol-lowering potential have been isolated from artisanal food products. The purpose of this study was to isolate probiotic Lactobacillus strains from traditional yoghurt (dahi) and yogurt milk (lassi) and investigate the impact of these strains on the blood lipid profile and anti-obesity effect in a high cholesterol high fat diet model in Wistar rats. Eight candidate probiotic strains were chosen based on in vitro probiotic features and cholesterol reduction ability. By 16S rDNA sequencing, these strains were identified as Limosilactibacillus fermentum FM6, L. fermentum FM16, L. fermentum FM12, Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus FM9, L. fermentum Y55, L. fermentum Y57, L. rhamnosus Y59, and L. fermentum Y63. The safety of these strains was investigated by feeding 2 × 108 CFU/mL in saline water for 28 days in a Wistar rat model. No bacterial translocation or any other adverse effects were observed in animals after administration of strains in water, which indicates the safety of strains. The cholesterol-lowering profile of these probiotics was evaluated in male Wistar rats using a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HFCD) model. For 30 days, animals were fed probiotic strains in water with 2 × 108 CFU/mL/rat/day, in addition to a high fat, high cholesterol diet. The cholesterol-lowering effects of various probiotic strains were compared to those of statin. All strains showed improvement in total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, and weight gain. Serum cholesterol levels were reduced by 9% and 8% for L. rhamnosus FM9 and L. fermentum Y57, respectively, compared to 5% for the statin-treated group. HDL levels significantly improved by 46 and 44% for L. rhamnosus FM9 and L. fermentum Y57, respectively, compared to 46% for the statin-treated group. Compared to the statin-treated group, FM9 and Y57 significantly reduced LDL levels by almost twofold. These findings show that these strains can improve blood lipid profiles as effectively as statins in male Wistar rats. Furthermore, probiotic-fed groups helped weight control in animals on HFCD, indicating the possible anti-obesity potential of these strains. These strains can be used to develop food products and supplements to treat ischemic heart diseases and weight management. Clinical trials, however, are required to validate these findings.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Hipercolesterolemia , Lactobacillus fermentum , Lactobacillus rhamnosus , Probióticos , Animais , Colesterol , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Hipercolesterolemia/terapia , Lactobacillus , Lipídeos , Masculino , Obesidade/etiologia , Probióticos/farmacologia , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
16.
Molecules ; 27(8)2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35458671

RESUMO

Aloe vera has been medicinally used for centuries. Its bioactive compounds have been shown to be very effective in the treatment of numerous diseases. In this work, a novel functional beverage was developed and characterized to combine the health benefits of probiotic bacteria with the Aloe vera plant itself. Two Aloe vera juices were obtained by fermentation either by a novel isolated Enterococcus faecium or a commercial Lactococcus lactis. The extraction of Aloe vera biocompounds for further fermentation was optimized. Extraction with water plus cellulase enhanced the carbohydrates and phenolic compounds in the obtained extracts. The biotransformation of the bioactive compounds from the extracts during fermentation was assessed. Both probiotic bacteria were able to grow on the Aloe vera extract. Lactic acid and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) together with fourteen individual phenolic compounds were quantified in the produced Aloe vera juice, mainly epicatechin, aloin, ellagic acid, and hesperidin. The amount of total phenolic compounds was maintained through fermentation. The antioxidant activity was significantly increased in the produced juice by the ABTS method. The novel produced Aloe vera juice showed great potential as a functional beverage containing probiotics, prebiotics, SCFA, and phenolic compounds in its final composition.


Assuntos
Aloe , Enterococcus faecium , Probióticos , Aloe/metabolismo , Bebidas , Enterococcus faecium/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Fermentação , Lactobacillus , Fenóis/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo
17.
Food Res Int ; 155: 111128, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35400411

RESUMO

Microbial metabolism is crucial for the flavor development of traditional Suanyu. A total of 21 characteristic volatile compounds of Suanyu were identified according to GC-MS combined with GC-O analysis. HCA results indicated that the whole fermentation process could be divided into three stages: raw material (fresh), initial fermentation (0-2 week) and the late fermentation (2-4 week). Moreover, nine flavor markers in different fermentation stages were revealed using the OPLS-DA model and VIP values. Furthermore, metagenomic sequencing was used to analyze the possible formation pathways of the characteristic flavor compounds and identify the key microorganisms related to flavor formation at the gene level. The top 10 bacterial genera associated with flavor formation were Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, Vibrio, Kocuria, Lactobacillus, Macrococcus, Streptococcus, Enterobacter, Lactococcus and Pediococcus, accounting for large parts of flavor formation of fermented Suanyu. This study is helpful to elucidate the different metabolic roles of microorganisms in flavor formation during fermentation.


Assuntos
Carpas , Animais , Bactérias , Fermentação , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Metagenômica
18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 759156, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402312

RESUMO

Background: Little is known about the relationship of proximal urogenital microbiomes in the bladder and the vagina and how this contributes to bladder health. In this study, we use a microbial ecology and network framework to understand the dynamics of interactions/co-occurrences of bacteria in the bladder and vagina in women with and without urgency urinary incontinence (UUI). Methods: We collected vaginal swabs and catheterized urine specimens from 20 women with UUI (cases) and 30 women without UUI (controls). We sequenced the V4 region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene and evaluated using alpha and beta diversity metrics. We used microbial network analysis to detect interactions in the microbiome and the betweenness centrality measure to identify central bacteria in the microbial network. Bacteria exhibiting maximum betweenness centrality are considered central to the microbe-wide networks and likely maintain the overall microbial network structure. Results: There were no significant differences in the vaginal or bladder microbiomes between cases and controls using alpha and beta diversity. Silhouette metric analysis identified two distinct microbiome clusters in both the bladder and vagina. One cluster was dominated by Lactobacillus genus while the other was more diverse. Network-based analyses demonstrated that vaginal and bladder microbial networks were different between cases and controls. In the vagina, there were similar numbers of genera and subgroup clusters in each network for cases and controls. However, cases tend to have more unique bacterial co-occurrences. While Bacteroides and Lactobacillus were the central bacteria with the highest betweenness centrality in controls, Aerococcus had the highest centrality in cases and correlated with bacteria commonly associated with bacterial vaginosis. In the bladder, cases have less than half as many network clusters compared to controls. Lactobacillus was the central bacteria in both groups but associated with several known uropathogens in cases. The number of shared bacterial genera between the bladder and the vagina differed between cases and controls, with cases having larger overlap (43%) compared to controls (29%). Conclusion: Our study shows overlaps in microbial communities of bladder and vagina, with higher overlap in cases. We also identified differences in the bacteria that are central to the overall community structure.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Incontinência Urinária , Bactérias/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactobacillus/genética , Microbiota/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Bexiga Urinária/microbiologia , Incontinência Urinária/microbiologia , Vagina/microbiologia
19.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(5): 267, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35438350

RESUMO

Fungal spoilage led to a considerable economic loss of foodstuff which ultimately affects public health due to mycotoxins production. Moreover, the consumption of commercial antifungal drugs creates side effects and develops antifungal resistance. To overcome these challenges, the current work was aimed to investigate novel antifungal cyclic dipeptide (CDP) from Lactobacillus coryniformis (Loigolactobacillus coryniformis) BCH-4. CDPs have flexible, cyclic, and stable conformation. The proline-based CDPs provide additional structural compatibility and bio-functional values. Keeping in view, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was performed to explore cyclo(L-Leu-L-Pro) from L. coryniformis BCH-4. The HPLC detected concentration (135 ± 7.07 mg/mL) exhibited in vitro antifungal activity of 5.66 ± 0.57 mm (inhibitory zone) against Aspergillus flavus. Based on these results, cyclo(L-Leu-L-Pro) was used as a bioprotectant for selected food samples (grapes, lemon, cashew nuts, and almonds). A significant impact of cyclo(L-Leu-L-Pro) was observed in contrast with MRS broth (control) and cell-free supernatant. In silico molecular docking analysis of this CDP was carried out against FAD glucose dehydrogenase, dihydrofolate reductase, and urate oxidase of A. flavus as target proteins. Among these proteins, FAD glucose dehydrogenase exerted strong interactions with cyclo(L-Leu-L-Pro) having S-score of - 8.21. The results evaluated that the detected CDP has strong interactions with selected proteins, causing excellent growth inhibition of A. flavus. Therefore, cyclo(L-Leu-L-Pro) could be used as a potent bioprotectant against food-borne pathogenic fungi.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Aspergillus flavus , Antifúngicos/química , Proliferação de Células , Cistina Difosfato , Flavina-Adenina Dinucleotídeo , Lactobacillus , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
20.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(5): 285, 2022 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35478049

RESUMO

The adhesion and aggregation are characteristic attributes of probiotic strains belonging to Lactobacillaceae genus. Due to these properties the host organisms can avoid colonisation of the intestinal tract by enteropathogenic bacteria. The presented research includes a comparison of the properties of various strains belonging to different Lactobacillaceae species and isolated from different sources The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of Lactocaseibacillus rhamnosus, Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, and Lactobacillus strains (L. acidophilus, L. gasseri, L. ultunensis) from probiotic products and clinical specimens to direct and competitive adherence to Caco-2 and HT-29 cell lines. Furthermore, the ability of lactobacilli and enteropathogenic bacteria, E. coli, E. faecalis, and S. Typhimurium, to auto- and co-aggregation was also investigated.The results showed that all tested strains adhered to Caco-2 and HT-29 cell lines. Though, the factor of adhesion depended on the species and origin of the strain. L. rhamnosus strains showed a lowest degree of adherence as compared to L. plantarum and Lactobacillus sp. strains. On the other side both, L. rhamnosus and L. acidophilus strains reduced the pathogenic bacteria in competition adherence test most effectively. All tested lactobacilli strains were characterised by auto- and co-aggregation abilities, to various degrees. The properties of Lactobacillaceae strains analysed in this study, like adhesion abilities, competitive adherence, auto- and co-aggregation, may affect the prevention of colonisation and elimination of pathogenic bacteria in gastrointestinal tract.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Lactobacillaceae , Aderência Bacteriana , Células CACO-2 , Humanos , Lactobacillus
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