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1.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238832, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970701

RESUMO

Monitoring of cyanobacteria in freshwater ecosystems is a complex task, which is time consuming and expensive due to the chaotic population dynamics and highly heterogeneous distribution of cyanobacteria populations in water bodies. The financial cost constitutes a strong limitation for the implementation of long-term monitoring programs in developing countries, particularly in Africa. The work presented here was performed in the framework of an international project addressing the sustainable monitoring and management of surface water resources used for the production of drinking water in three African countries. We tested the potential of a citizen approach for monitoring cyanobacterial blooms, which are a growing threat to the drinking water supply. This pilot study was designed, implemented and evaluated in close interaction with the Pasteur Institute of the Ivory Coast and with the populations of three villages located on the shoreline of a freshwater lagoon located near Abidjan city. Based on the use of a smartphone application, the citizens of the three villages were invited to report water color changes, as these changes could reflect cyanobacteria proliferations. A two-year experimentation period has shown that it is possible to mobilize the local populations to monitor cyanobacterial blooms. The data collected by citizens were consistent with the data obtained by a classical monitoring of cyanobacteria performed over seven months, but it appeared that new approaches were needed to validate the citizen data. This participatory approach also provided great improvements to the understanding and awareness of local populations regarding water quality and cyanobacterial bloom issues. Finally, we discuss some of the difficulties and limitations of our participatory monitoring approach that should be considered by further implementations. Despite these difficulties, our work suggests that citizen monitoring is a promising approach that may complement the classical approach to sustainable monitoring of cyanobacteria in developing countries.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Lagos/microbiologia , Costa do Marfim , Países em Desenvolvimento , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade da Água/normas , Abastecimento de Água/normas
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5473-5478, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886590

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, coccus-shaped, catalase- and oxidase-positive, facultatively anaerobic and pink-pigmented bacterium, designated strain CQN31T, was isolated from sediment of Changqiaohai Lake, Yunnan Province, China. Growth occurred at 4-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), at pH 6.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 8.0) and with 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). C18 : 1 ω7c/C18 : 1 ω6c and C16 : 0 were the predominant fatty acids. Phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine (PME) and one unidentified aminolipid (AL) were the major polar lipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 71.5 %. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated that strain CQN31T shared 96.8 % similarity with Roseomonas wooponensis JCM 19527T and 95.9 % with R. terricola EM0302T. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CQN31T and Roseomonas stagni DSM 19981T, R. rosea DSM 14916T and R. mucosa NCTC 13291T were 21.0, 19.4 and 19.8 %, respectively. Average amino acid identity and average nucleotide identity values between strain CQN31T and R. stagni DSM 19981T, R. rosea DSM 14916T and R. mucosa NCTC 13291T were 73.7, 63.4 and 61.9 %, and 79.2, 77.1 and 77.5%, respectively. Distinct morphological, physiological and genotypic differences from previously described taxa support the classification of strain CQN31T as a representative of a novel species in the genus Roseomonas, for which the name Roseomonas bella sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CQN31T (=KCTC 62447T=MCCC 1H00309T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Methylobacteriaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Methylobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5373-5381, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886596

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated CWB-1T, was isolated from a haloalkaline lake sediment sample collected from the bottom of Chaiwopu Lake, Urumchi, Xinjiang Province, PR China. Strain CWB-1T grew at 4-40 °C (optimum, 30-35 °C), pH 6.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.5-7.0) and with 0.5-5.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.5-3.0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence and the whole genome sequence both revealed that strain CWB-1T belonged to the family Flavobacteriaceae. The strain had the highest similarity of the 16S rRNA gene sequence to Psychroserpens jangbogonensis PAMC 27130T (92.8 %). The genome of strain CWB-1T was 3 548 011 bp long with 36.3 % DNA G+C content. The predominant fatty acids (>10 %) in the CWB-1T cells were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 1 (iso-C15 : 1 H/C13 : 0 3-OH). The major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6 and the major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified lipids. Based on the phylogenetic analyses, as well as the phenotypic characteristics, a novel genus and species of the family Flavobacteriaceae, Paucihalobacter ruber gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is CWB-1T (=KCTC 72450T=CGMCC 1.17149T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Álcalis , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5479-5487, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886597

RESUMO

Two novel bacteria, designated HYN0043T and HYN0046T, were isolated from a freshwater lake in Korea. 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny indicated that strain HYN0043T belongs to the genus Mucilaginibacter of the family Sphingobacteriaceae because it showed highest sequence similarity to Mucilaginibacter oryzae (98.2 %). The average nucleotide identity between strain HYN0043T and M. oryzae was 83.5 %, which is clearly below the suggested threshold for species demarcation. Strain HYN0046T was found to belong to the family Moraxellaceae and shared highest sequence similarity with Agitococcus lubricus (93.8 %). The average amino acid identity values between strain HYN0046T and representative type strains of closely related genera (Alkanindiges, Agitococcus and Acinetobacter) were 53.1-60.7 %, implying the novelty of the isolate at the genus level. Phenotypic characteristics (physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic) also supported the taxonomic novelty of the two isolates. Thus, we suggest the following names to accommodate strains HYN0043T and HYN0046T: Mucilaginibacter celer sp. nov. (type strain HYN0043T=KACC 19184T=NBRC 112738T) in the family Spingobacteriaceae and phylum Bacteroidetes and Aquirhabdus parva gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain HYN0046T=KACC 19178T=NBRC 112739T) in the family Moraxellaceae and phylum Proteobacteria.


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Moraxellaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Moraxellaceae/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5330-5336, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897847

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and ovoid- to rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated GH877T, was isolated from a water sample of Gahai saline lake in Qaidam Basin,PR China. The isolate grew at 5-45 °C, pH 6.0-9.0 (optima, 37 °C and pH 7.5) and with 0.5-20 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2.0 %). The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GH877T belonged to the genus Roseovarius, and had highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.7 % to Roseovarius pacificus 81-2T, followed by Roseovarius halotolerans HJ50T (97.5 %) and Roseovarius litoreus GSW-M15T (96.8 %). Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 3 378 519 bp and a G+C content of 59.8 mol %. Up-to-date bacterial core gene set analysis indicated that strain GH877T represents one independent lineage with R. pacificus DSM29589T. The average nucleotide identity values of GH877T with R. pacificus 81-2T and R. halotolerans HJ50T are 80.7 and 77.3 %, respectively. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain GH877T and R. pacificus 81-2T and R. halotolerans HJ50T are 23.2 and 20.0 %, respectively. Q-10 was the predominant respiratory quinone and summed feature 8 (C18  :  1 ω7c and/or C18  :  1 ω6c) and C16  :  0 were the major cellular fatty acids. The polar lipids of strain GH877T consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and two unidentified phosphoglycolipids. Based on polyphasic taxonomic analysis, strain GH877T is proposed to represent a novel species of the genus Roseovarius, for which the name Roseovarius gahaiensis sp. nov. is proposed. (type strain GH877T=CGMCC 1.13971T=KCTC 72576T).


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Águas Salinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
6.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5586-5593, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915124

RESUMO

A halotolerant, psychrotolerant and methylotrophic methanogen, strain SY-01T, was isolated from the saline Lake Tus in Siberia. Cells of strain SY-01T were non-motile, cocci and 0.8-1.0 µm in diameter. The only methanogenic substrate utilized by strain SY-01T was methanol. The temperature range of growth for strain SY-01T was from 4 to 40 °C and the optimal temperature for growth was 30 °C. The pH range of growth was from pH 7.2 to 9.0, with optimal growth at pH 8.0. The NaCl range of growth was 0-1.55 M with optimal growth at 0.51 M NaCl. The G+C content of the genome of strain SY-01T was 43.6 mol % as determined by genome sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain SY-01T was most closely related to Methanolobus zinderi SD1T (97.3 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity), and had 95.5-97.2 % similarities to other Methanolobus species with valid names. Genome relatedness between strain SY-01T and DSM 21339T was computed using average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNAhybridization, which yielded values of 79.7 and 21.7 %, respectively. Based on morphological, phenotypic, phylogenetic and genomic relatedness data presented here, it is evident that strain SY-01T represents a novel species of the genus Methanolobus, and the name Methanolobus halotolerans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SY-01T (=BCRC AR10051T=NBRC 113166 T=DSM 107642T).


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Methanosarcinaceae/classificação , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Composição de Bases , DNA Arqueal/genética , Metano , Methanosarcinaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sibéria
7.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(8): e0008406, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776919

RESUMO

We hypothesized that Cholera (Vibrio cholerae) that appeared along Lake Kivu in the African Rift in the seventies, might be controlled by volcano-tectonic activity, which, by increasing surface water and groundwater salinity and temperature, may partly rule the water characteristics of Lake Kivu and promote V. cholerae proliferation. Volcanic activity (assessed weekly by the SO2 flux of Nyiragongo volcano plume over the 2007-2012 period) is highly positively correlated with the water conductivity, salinity and temperature of the Kivu lake. Over the 2007-2012 period, these three parameters were highly positively correlated with the temporal dynamics of cholera cases in the Katana health zone that border the lake. Meteorological variables (air temperature and rainfall), and the other water characteristics (namely pH and dissolved oxygen concentration in lake water) were unrelated to cholera dynamics over the same period. Over the 2016-2018 period, we sampled weekly lake water salinity and conductivity, and twice a month vibrio occurrence in lake water and fish. The abundance of V. cholerae in the lake was positively correlated with lake salinity, temperature, and the number of cholera cases in the population of the Katana health zone. V. cholerae abundance in fishes was positively correlated with V. cholerae abundance in lake water, suggesting that their consumption directly contaminate humans. The activity of the volcano, by controlling the physico-chemical characteristics of Lake Kivu, is therefore a major determinant of the presence of the bacillus in the lake. SO2 fluxes in the volcano plume can be used as a tool to predict epidemic risks.


Assuntos
Cólera/epidemiologia , Lagos/química , Lagos/microbiologia , Erupções Vulcânicas/efeitos adversos , Animais , República Democrática do Congo/epidemiologia , Condutividade Elétrica , Peixes/microbiologia , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Oxigênio/análise , Ruanda , Salinidade , Dióxido de Enxofre/análise , Temperatura , Vibrio , Microbiologia da Água
8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4942-4950, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749952

RESUMO

A novel bacterial strain, designated TBM-1T, isolated from a freshwater lake in Taiwan, was characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and coding sequences of 92 protein clusters indicated that strain TBM-1T formed a phylogenetic lineage in the genus Ideonella. Analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TBM-1T was most closely related to Ideonella dechloratans CCUG 30898T with 98.4 % sequence similarity. The average nucleotide identity, average amino acid identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain TBM-1T and closely related strains of the genus Ideonella were 74.4-77.5 %, 69.7-75.4 % and 19.8-21.8 %, respectively, supporting that strain TBM-1T represents a novel species of the genus Ideonella. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, motile by means of a single polar flagellum, rod-shaped and formed blue colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 30 °C, pH 6 and 0 % NaCl. The predominant fatty acids of strain TBM-1T were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C18 : 1 ω7c and C16 : 0. The polar lipid profile consisted of a mixture of phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, two uncharacterized aminophospholipids and two uncharacterized phospholipids. The main polyamine was putrescine. The major isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The estimated genome size was 5.26 Mb, with an average G+C content of 70.0 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic and genotypic properties and phylogenetic inference, strain TBM-1T should be classified in a novel species of the genus Ideonella, for which the name Ideonella livida sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TBM-1T (=BCRC 81199T =LMG 31339T).


Assuntos
Burkholderiales/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Burkholderiales/isolamento & purificação , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Taiwan , Ubiquinona/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(9): 4986-4992, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762805

RESUMO

A novel strain, designated NS18T, was isolated from sediment sampled at Taihu Lake, PR China. Cells of the isolate were spherical, aerobic, non-motile, Gram-stain-positive and non-endospore-forming. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain NS18T clustered in a clade of the genus Agrococcus. Its closest phylogenetic neighbour was Agrococcus lahaulensis DSM 17612T with 98.2 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. The complete genome of NS18T was 2 736 037 bp and its genomic DNA G+C content was 72.8 mol%. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain NS18T and A. lahaulensis DSM 17612T based on their whole genomes were 85.1 and 28.7 %, respectively. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The predominant menaquinones were MK11 and MK12. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified lipids. The components of the peptidoglycan were Ala, Gly, Asp, Thr and DAB. The whole-cell sugars contained rhamnose, ribose, xylose and glucose. According to the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain NS18T (=NBRC 113859T=MCCC 1K03759T) represents a novel species, for which the name Agrococcus sediminis sp. nov is proposed.


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4831-4837, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701427

RESUMO

Two bacterial strains, designated B2N2-7T and B2N2-12, were isolated from Buteha crater lake in the Greater Khingan Mountain of China. The two strains were Gram-stain-negative, non-spore-forming, motile with a single polar flagellum, short rod-shaped bacteria. They were catalase- and oxidase-positive. Optimal growth occurred at 20-25 ℃, at pH 7.5-8.0 and with 0-1.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Based on phylogenomic analysis, strains B2N2-7T and B2N2-12 were assigned to the family Neisseriaceae, and their 16S rRNA gene sequences showed the highest similarities to that of Aquitalea denitrificans 5YN1-3T (<94.2 %). The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0 and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c). The major respiratory quinone was ubiquinone 8 (Q-8). The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), two unidentified aminophospholipids (APL) and some unidentified lipids (L). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain B2N2-7T was 59.4 mol% according to the genomic sequencing result. Based on the phylogenetic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses, the two strains are proposed to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Neisseriaceae, named Craterilacuibacter sinensis gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Craterilacuibacter sinensis is B2N2-7T (=CGMCC 1.17189T=KCTC 73735T); B2N2-12 (=CGMCC 1.17190=KCTC 72734) is a second strain of the species.


Assuntos
Betaproteobacteria/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Betaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4661-4667, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687463

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-positive bacterium, designated CFH 91151T, was isolated from sediment collected from a saline lake in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province, PR China. Cells of strain CFH 91151T were rod-or v-shaped, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming and halotolerant. Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain CFH 91151T was closely related to Isoptericola variabilis MX5T and Isoptericola nanjingensis H17T (98.7 and 98.4% sequence similarity, respectively). The strain grew at 4-45 °C, pH 5.0-9.0 and with 0-14.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells were positive for catalase, nitrate was not used and H2S was not produced. Major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 (62.76 %), anteiso-C17 : 0 (12.09 %) and iso-C15 : 0 (9.46 %). The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, two unidentified phospholipids and three unidentified glycolipids. The menaquinone was MK-9 (H4). The genome size was 4.10 Mbp with a G+C content of 72.4 mol%. The average amino acid identity (ANI) and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) values between CFH 91151T and the other species of the genus Isoptericola were found to be low (ANIm <87.19 %, ANIb <84.38 % and DDH <29.30 %). Based on physiological properties, chemotaxonomic characteristics and low ANI and DDH results, strain CFH 91151T is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Isoptericola halalbus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CFH 91151T (=DSM 105976T=KCTC 49061T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4730-4738, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697189

RESUMO

An obligately alkaliphilic, anaerobic, proteolytic bacterium was isolated from a sample of Tanatar III soda lake sediment (Altai region, Russia) and designated as strain Z-1701T. Cells of strain Z-1701T were short, straight, motile Gram-stain-positive rods. Growth of Z-1701T obligately depended on the presence of sodium carbonate. Strain Z-1701T could utilize various peptides mixtures, such as beef and yeast extracts, peptone, soytone, trypticase and tryptone, as well as such proteins as albumin, gelatin and sodium caseinate. It was able to grow oligotrophically with 0.02 g l-1 yeast extract as the sole energy and carbon source. Carbohydrates did not support the growth of strain Z-1701T. The main products released during the growth of strain Z-1701T on tryptone were formate, acetate and ammonium. Strain Z-1701T was able to reduce ferrihydrite, Fe(III)-EDTA, anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate and elemental sulfur, using proteinaceous substrates as electron donors. In all cases the presence of the electron acceptor in the medium stimulated growth. The main cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 aldehyde, iso-C15 : 1 ω6, C16 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 aldehyde, C16 : 0 aldehyde and C14 : 0. The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 43.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the concatenated alignment of 120 protein-marker sequences revealed that strain Z-1701T falls into a cluster with the genus Tindallia, family Clostridiaceae. 16S rRNA gene sequence identity between strain Z-1701T and Tindallia species were 88.3-89.75 %. On the basis of its phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic position, the novel isolate is considered to be a representative of a novel genus and species for which the name Isachenkonia alkalipeptolytica gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with Z-1701T (=JCM 32929Т=DSM 109060Т=VKM B-3261Т) as its type strain.


Assuntos
Bactérias Anaeróbias/classificação , Compostos Férricos/metabolismo , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Bactérias Redutoras de Enxofre/classificação , Álcalis , Bactérias Anaeróbias/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Bacilos Gram-Positivos/classificação , Bacilos Gram-Positivos/isolamento & purificação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Federação Russa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Enxofre/metabolismo , Bactérias Redutoras de Enxofre/isolamento & purificação
13.
Chemosphere ; 260: 127543, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659542

RESUMO

Microcystis development in most temperate lakes shows an annual cycle that is mainly triggered by water temperature and includes four stages. This study aims to identify the optimum growth temperature and the temperature thresholds for recruitment and overwintering in Microcystis in Lake Taihu, based on field data and experiments at the cellular and genetic level on Microcystis under a simulated temperature condition. The field investigation showed that the cyanobacterial biomass began to increase at 11-15 °C in spring, reached a peak at 20-30 °C and remained at a low level after the water temperature declined below 6 °C. The simulation experiment found that the recovery of gene expression, photosynthesis and growth in Microcystis cells occurred at 11-14 °C and increased to an appreciable level after the temperature exceeded 20 °C. Microcystis cells stopped growing and maintained low photosynthetic activity and gene expression when the temperature declined to 10 °C or lower. These results suggest that Microcystis in Lake Taihu begin recruitment at 11-14 °C in spring and grow vigorously at 20-30 °C, then overwinter at 10 °C or lower in winter.


Assuntos
Lagos/microbiologia , Microcystis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biomassa , China , Cianobactérias , Laboratórios , Estações do Ano , Temperatura
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4610-4615, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658636

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, gliding and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated strain C33T, was isolated from Yuncheng Salt Lake, Shanxi, PR China. Strain C33T grows optimally at 37 °C, pH 7.5 and 5.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Cells of strain C33T are 0.3-0.5 µm wide and 1.0-2.0 µm long, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. The major cellular fatty acids are iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The sole respiratory quinone is Q-8. The major polar lipids include phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid, one unidentified glycolipid and four unidentified lipids. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicate that strain C33T has the highest similarities to Wenzhouxiangella marina KCTC 42284T (97.4 %), Wenzhouxiangella sediminis XDB06T (96.5 %) and 'Wenzhouxiangella salilacus' MCCC 1K03442T (95.2 %). The percentage of conserved proteins and average amino acid identity values between strain C33T and its close related species are higher than the threshold for dividing genera, the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values are well below the threshold limits for species delineation. The genomic DNA G+C content is 63.7 mol%. Based on the results of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, strain C33T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Wenzhouxiangella, for which the name Wenzhouxiangella limi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is C33T (=MCCC 1H00413T=KCTC 72874T).


Assuntos
Gammaproteobacteria/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Gammaproteobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4250-4260, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568031

RESUMO

Two yellow-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from the water of the hypersaline Chaka Salt Lake (strain SaA2.12T) and sediment of Qinghai Lake (strain LaA7.5T), PR China. According to the 16S rRNA phylogeny, the isolates belong to the genus Flavobacterium, showing the highest 16S rRNA sequence similarities to Flavobacterium arcticum SM1502T(97.6-97.7 %) and Flavobacterium suzhouense XIN-1T(96.5-96.6 %). Moreover, strains SaA2.12T and LaA7.5T showed 99.73 % 16S rRNA sequence similarity to each other. Major fatty acids, respiratory quinones and polar lipids detected in these isolates were iso-C15 : 0, menaquinone-6 and phosphatidylethanolamine, respectively. Strains SaA2.12T and LaA7.5T showed significant unique characteristics between them as well as between the closest phylogenetic members. The highest digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between SaA2.12T and its closest neighbours were 25.3 and 82.8 %, respectively; whereas these values (highest) between LaA7.5T and its closest members were 25.2 and 82.8 %, respectively. The dDDH and ANI values between strains SaA2.12T and LaA7.5T were calculated as 75.9 and 97.2 %, respectively. Therefore, based on polyphasic data, we propose that strain SaA2.12T represents a novel species with the name Flavobacterium salilacus sp. nov., with the type strain SaA2.12T (=KCTC 72220T=MCCC 1K03618T) and strain LaA7.5T as a subspecies within novel Flavobacterium salilacus with the name Flavobacterium salilacus subsp. altitudinum subsp. nov., with the type strain LaA7.5T (=KCTC 72806T=MCCC 1K04372T). These propositions automatically create Flavobacterium salilacus subsp. salilacus subsp. nov. with SaA2.12T (=KCTC 72220T=MCCC 1K03618T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Flavobacterium/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
16.
J Water Health ; 18(3): 383-397, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589623

RESUMO

Long-term overuse of antibiotics has driven the propagation and spreading of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) such as efflux pumps in the environment, which can be transferred to clinically relevant pathogens. This study explored the abundance and diversity of ARGs and mobile genetic elements within bacterial communities from sediments of three Western Balkans glacial lakes: Plav Lake (high impact of human population), Black Lake (medium impact of human population) and Donje Bare Lake (remote lake, minimal impact of human population) via shotgun metagenomics. Assembled metagenomic sequences revealed that Resistance-Nodulation-Division (RND) efflux pumps genes were most abundant in metagenome from the Plav Lake. The Integron Finder bioinformatics tool detected 38 clusters of attC sites lacking integron-integrases (CALIN) elements: 20 from Plav Lake, four from Black Lake and 14 from Donje Bare Lake. A complete integron sequence was recovered only from the assembled metagenome from Plav Lake. Plasmid contents within the metagenomes were similar, with proportions of contigs being plasmid-related: 1.73% for Plav Lake, 1.59% for Black Lake and 1.64% for Donje Bare Lake. The investigation showed that RNDs and mobile genetic elements content correlated with human population impact.


Assuntos
Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Genes Bacterianos , Lagos/microbiologia , Metagenômica , Antibacterianos , Península Balcânica , Humanos
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(8): 2303-2309, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32556421

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain positive, aerobic, non-motile actinobacterium, designated strain YC537T, was isolated from lake sediment collected from Yenicaga Lake, Bolu, Turkey, and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The organism had phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties consistent with its classification in the genus Streptomyces. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain YC537T showed that it is closely related to the type strain of Streptomyces ziwulingensis F22T (97.9% sequence similarity), Streptomyces tauricus JCM 4837 T (97.7%) and Streptomyces beijiangensis NBRC 100044 T (97.6%). The cell wall of the strain contained LL-diaminopimelic acid and the cell-wall sugars were glucose, galactose and ribose. The major phospholipids of strain YC537T were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The predominant menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C16:0, iso-C14:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C15:0. Consequently, strain YC537T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces boluensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YC537T (= KCTC 39750 T = DSM 102303 T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Streptomyces/classificação , Ácido Diaminopimélico/análise , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie , Streptomyces/química , Streptomyces/genética , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação , Vitamina K 2/análise
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3399-3405, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374250

RESUMO

The genus Natronolimnobius, currently including four species, is a member of the order Natrialbales, class Halobacteria, and consists of obligately alkaliphilic and extremely halophilic members found exclusively in highly alkaline hypersaline soda lakes. The species were classified into this genus mostly based on phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene. However, a more advanced phylogenomic reconstruction based on 122 conserved single-copy archaeal protein markers clearly indicates a polyphyletic origin of the species included into this genus, thus warranting its reclassification into three separate genera. We therefore propose to transfer Nlb. innermongolicus (type strain N-1311) to a new genus Natronolimnohabitans as Nlh. innermongolicus comb. nov. and to transfer Nlb. aegyptiacus (type strain JW/NM-HA 15) and Nlb. sulfurireducens (type strain AArc1) to a new genus Natrarchaeobaculum as Nbl. aegyptiacum comb. nov. and Nbl. sulfurireducens comb. nov. The phylogenomic differentiation of these four species is also supported by the ANI/AAI distances and unique phenotypes. The most important physiological differences includes a previously unreported ability for cellulose and xylan utilization in Nlb. baerhuensis, thermophily in Nbl. aegyptiacus and anaerobic sulfur respiration in Nbl. sulfurireducens. We further present an emended description of Natronolimnobius baerhuensis.


Assuntos
Halobacteriaceae/classificação , Halobacteriales/classificação , Filogenia , Composição de Bases , DNA Arqueal/genética , Lagos/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
19.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3504-3512, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416737

RESUMO

A bacteria strain, designated CFH 90008T, was isolated from a salt lake sediment sample collected from Yuncheng city, Shanxi Province, PR China. Strain CFH 90008T was Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, motile with lateral flagella and rod-shaped. Colonies were yellow, circular and smooth. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain CFH 90008T belonged to the genus Halomonas, showing highest sequence similarity to Halomonas daqingensis DQD2-30T (98.6 %), Halomonas saliphila LCB169T (98.5 %), Halomonas desiderata FB2T (98.1 %) and Halomonas kenyensis AIR-2T (98.0 %). Good growth was observed at 10-50 °C, pH 6.0-9.0 and with NaCl concentration from 1.0 to 12.0 % (w/v). The predominant quinone was Q9. The major fatty acid (>10 %) was C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and C16 : 1 ω7c. The genome of strain CFH 90008T was 4.36 Mbp with a genomic DNA G+C content of 66.7 mol%. Based on low average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNAhybridization results, chemotaxonomic characteristics, and differential physiological properties, strain CFH 90008T could not be classified into any recognized species of the genus Halomonas. Therefore, a new species, for which the name Halomonas lactosivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CFH 90008T (=DSM 103220T=KCTC 52281T).


Assuntos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Halomonas/classificação , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Halomonas/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3785-3793, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32463784

RESUMO

Two novel strains, designated SYSU L10167T and SYSU L10180T, were isolated from sediment sampled at Dabancheng saline lake in Xinjiang, PR China. A polyphasic approach was used to clarify the taxonomic positions of the two strains. Cells of the isolates were curved ring-like, horseshoe-shaped or rod-shaped, non-motile and non-spore-forming. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, heterotrophic and rose-pigmented. The phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains SYSU L10167T and SYSU L10180T formed a distinct lineage within the genus Cyclobacterium. Strains SYSU L10167T and SYSU L10180T showed highest similarities to Cyclobacterium jeungdonense KCTC 23150T (98.0 and 97.4%, respectively). Results of genomic analyses (including average nucleotide identity, digital DNA-DNA hybridization and the marker gene tree) and pan-genome analysis further confirmed that strains SYSU L10167T and SYSU L10180T were separate from each other and other species of the genus Cyclobacterium. The draft genomes of the isolates had sizes of 5.5-5.7 Mb and reflected their major physiological capabilities. Based on phenotypic, physiological, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characterization, we propose that the isolates represent two novel species, for which the names Cyclobacterium salsum sp. nov. and Cyclobacterium roseum sp. nov. are proposed. The type strains of the species are SYSU L10167T (=KCTC 72390T=CGMCC 1.17521T) and SYSU L10180T (=KCTC 72391T=CGMCC 1.17278T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Lagos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Águas Salinas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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