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1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 251, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Micro Hand S robot is a new surgical tool that has been applied to total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery for rectal cancer in our center. In this study, we compared the operative outcomes, functional outcomes and learning curves of the Micro Hand S robot-assisted TME (RTME) with laparoscopic TME (LTME). METHODS: A total of 40 patients who underwent RTME and 65 who underwent LTME performed by a single surgeon between July 2015 and November 2018 were included in this retrospective study. Clinicopathologic characteristics, operative and functional outcomes, and learning curves were compared between the two groups. The learning curve was analyzed using the cumulative sum method and two stages (Phase 1, Phase 2) were identified and analyzed. All patients were followed up for at least 12 months. RESULTS: The clinicopathologic characteristics of the two groups were similar. The learning curve was 17 cases for RTME and 34 cases for LTME. Compared with LTME, RTME was associated with less blood loss (148.2 vs. 195.0 ml, p = 0.022), and shorter length of hospital stay (9.5 vs. 12.2 days, p = 0.017), even during the learning period. With the accumulation of experience, the operative time decreased significantly from Phase 1 to Phase 2 (RTME, 360.6 vs. 323.5 min, p = 0.009; LTME, 338.1 vs. 301.9 min, p = 0.005), whereas other outcomes did not differ significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Micro Hand S robot-assisted TME is safe and feasible even during the learning period, with outcomes comparable to laparoscopic surgery but superior in terms of blood loss, length of hospital stay, and learning curve. Trial registration Clinicaltrial.gov, NCT04836741, retrospectively registered on 5 April 2021.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Robótica , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Duração da Cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 497-501, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102734

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the safety and effectiveness of a novel stent assisted intestinal bypass for preventing anastomotic leakage in laparoscopic assisted radical resection of rectal cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 9 patients with rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical resection and stent assisted intestinal bypass from September 2019 to June 2020 at the Department of Anus & Intestine Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 3 females, aged (62.1±6.8) years (range: 53 to 75 years), underwent laparoscopic assisted radical resection of rectal cancer and stent assisted intestinal bypass. A degradable diverting stent was placed at the end of the ileum, and a drainage tube was placed at the proximal end of the stent to bypass the intestinal contents. After operation, the patients were given a diet with less residue. From the 14th day after operation, abdomen X-ray films were taken every 5 to 7 days to observe the destination of the stent dynamically. When the stent was observed to be disintegrated into pieces, the drainage tube was clamped for 3 days to observe any side effects before the tube was removed. The operation time, the time of removing the bypass tube and the total hospital stay were recorded. Results: Laparoscopic assisted radical resection of rectal cancer and stent assisted intestinal bypass were successfully performed in all patients. The operation time was (230.4±48.0) minutes (range: 150 to 318 minutes), and the time of removing shunt tube was (28.8±4.6) days (range: 22 to 34 days). The duration of hospitalization was (21.0±8.6) days (range: 9 to 34 days). Postoperative pathological examination showed 7 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, 1 case of moderately well differentiated adenocarcinoma and 1 case of mucinous adenocarcinoma. There were 2 cases of T1, 4 cases of T2 and 3 cases of T3. The number of lymph node dissection was 13.4±3.5 (range: 6 to 18), 3 cases were positive and 6 cases were negative. The post-operation follow-up time was 6 to 16 months, no anastomotic leakage or stenosis was found. Conclusion: Stent assisted intestinal bypass for the prevention of anastomotic leakage in laparoscopic assisted radical resection of rectal cancer is safe and feasible, and shows good short-term effect.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Derivação Jejunoileal , Masculino , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents
3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(6): 530-534, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102740

RESUMO

Objective: To examine a new technique of robot-assisted nephroureterectomy without robot reldocking or patient repositioning. Methods: Patients diagnosed as upper tract urothelial carcinoma treated with this modality between November 2015 and January 2019 at Department of Urology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine were included in this analysis. Data collection including patient demographics, operative procedure and postoperative morbidities were conducted by retrospective charts review, after receiving the institutional review board's approval. There were 35 males and 27 females with a median age of 70 years (range: 30 to 91 years) underwent single docking robot-assisted nephroureterectomy without repositioning. Among the 62 cases, 37 patients had pelvic carcinoma while 25 patients had ureteral carcinoma (with proximal portion 12 cases, middle portion 5 cases and distal portion 8 cases). The patient was placed in a 60 to 80-degree, modified flank position with a 15-degree Trendelenburg tilt. The contralateral arm was positioned perpendicular to the torso on an arm board while the ipsilateral arm was taped to the patient's side with ample padding. The robot cart was then docked at a 90-degree angle, perpendicular to the patient. A "W"-shape, three robotic-arm configurations was used for port placement. Results: The surgical procedures were performed successfully in all the 62 patients. The operation time was (171.6±54.7) minutes (range: 60 to 370 minutes). The estimated blood loss during the operation was 50(50) ml (range: 20 to 400 ml) with 4 patients had transfusion. No perioperative death was encountered. Eleven patients had post-operative complications (Clavien-Dindo grade 2) including 3 cases of hemorrhage and 8 cases of chylous leakage. All cases were regularly followed up with a median time of 37 months (range: 17 to 55 months). There were 8, 30, 19, 4 and 1 case followed up for 48, 36, 24, 18 and less than 18 months, respectively. Three patients had reginal recurrences and 11 cases of distant metastasis occurred, with 5 patients died for cancer. The survival rate within 24 months was estimated as 75.4%(43/57). Conclusion: Robot-assisted nephroureterectomy without robot redocking or patient repositioning could be safely reproduced, with surgical outcomes comparable to other established techniques.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Movimentação e Reposicionamento de Pacientes , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nefroureterectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Georgian Med News ; (313): 12-20, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34103423

RESUMO

Objective - to study the character of possible postoperative complications and to define the reason and frequency of postoperative hemorrhage as a complication of partial nephrectomy. From January 2008 to December 2019 were performed 175 partial nephrectomy (PN) by a single surgeon in a high volume center. 41 operations were laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN), 134 - open partial nephrectomy (OPN). In 152 cases kidney cancer was detected. Physical status, tumor volume, R.E.N.A.L. score, operative access, warm ischemia time (WIT), postoperative bleeding and its severity and treatment options were assessed in both groups of patients. Based on our study, R.E.N.A.L score may be a good tool in prognosis of a delay postoperative bleeding after nephron sparing surgery and this is statistically significant. On the other hand, single R.E.N.A.L score characteristics can't be reliable predictors of a delay bleeding. It is possible that a lack of cases with a significant postoperative bleeding in current study (6 of 175 cases) have some statistical restrictions. From our point of view, for better prognosis of delay bleeding, aside from hephrometric system it is important to take into account a proximity of a segmental arteries to a resection border, presens of any type of a coagulopathy and a preoperative antithrombotic therapy, obesity. High R.E.N.A.L score index is connected with a risk of significant postoperative bleeding, but this type of bleeding is rare after any nephron sparing surgery. Postoperative selective angioembolization is a method of choice and, in most cases, effective to stop kidney bleeding and nephron preservation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(6)2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117004

RESUMO

A 25-year-old patient underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery with an initially uneventful postoperative course. Two weeks postoperatively, the patient presented with acute abdominal pain. CT scan revealed a gastrogastric fistula from the gastric pouch to the gastric remnant. Laparoscopic drainage was performed, and intraoperative endoscopy confirmed a large gastrogastric fistula. Due to intense adhesions between pouch and remnant, a closure by suture of the fistula was not possible. The fistula was initially treated with a fully covered metal stent. After multiple stent migrations despite clip attachment to the mucosa, the stent was changed to a partially covered metal stent. Fistula healing progress was documented every 2 weeks. After 10 weeks of stent treatment, fistula closure was accomplished.In conclusion, early fistula from the gastric pouch to the gastric remnant is a rare complication and can be managed with endoscopic stent placement.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica , Fístula Gástrica , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Adulto , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Gástrica/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Gástrica/etiologia , Fístula Gástrica/cirurgia , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Stents/efeitos adversos
6.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 118(14): 244-249, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendectomy is the gold standard for treatment of acute appendicitis. However, recent studies favor primary antibiotic therapy. The aim of this observational study was to explore changes in the numbers of operations for acute appendicitis in the period 2010-2017, paying special attention to disease severity. METHODS: Data from diagnosis-related group statistics were used to analyze the trends, mortality, and complication rates in the surgical treatment of appendicitis in Germany between 2010 and 2017. All cases of appendectomy after a diagnosis of appendicitis were included. RESULTS: Altogether, 865 688 inpatient cases were analyzed. The number of appendectomies went down by 9,8%, from 113 614 in 2010 to 102 464 in 2017, while the incidence fell from 139/100 000 in 2010 to 123/100 000 in 2017 (standardized by age group). This decrease is due to the lower number of operations for uncomplicated appendicitis (79 906 in 2017 versus 93 135 in 2010). Hospital mortality decreased both in patients who underwent surgical treatment of complicated appendicitis (0.62% in 2010 versus 0.42% in 2017) and in those with a complicated clinical course (5.4% in 2010 versus 3.4% in 2017). CONCLUSION: Decisions on the treatment of acute appendicitis in German hospitals follow the current trend towards non-surgical management in selected patients. At the same time, the care of acute appendicitis has improved with regard to overall hospital morbidity and hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Apendicite , Laparoscopia , Doença Aguda , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/epidemiologia , Apendicite/cirurgia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e25996, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087844

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Kummell's disease is a delayed vertebral collapse fracture caused by posttraumatic osteonecrosis. It is a special type of osteoporotic vertebral fracture in the elderly. This study compares and analyzes the difference in the curative effect of 2 kinds of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in the presence of fracture or not in the vertebral body, and provides a clinical reference for the application of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP).This research is a kind of retrospective analysis from January 2012 to January 2015, PKP was used to treat 165 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Intravertebral clefts group (group A) and none-intravertebral clefts group in vertebral body (group B). Bone mineral density (BMD), bone cement injection (BCI), Visual analogue scale (VAS) score before and after surgery, anterior, central and posterior height of vertebral body (before and after surgery) and Cobb angle of injured vertebra (before and after surgery) were compared between the 2 groups.Surgeries for 165 patients in the 2 groups were successfully completed, and 226 fractured vertebrae were performed through bilateral puncture approach to strengthen the vertebral body. Intraoperative injection of bone cement (ml) was 4.25 + 1.29 (range: 2.6-7.8). There were statistically significant differences in bone cement injection quantity between the 2 groups (P < .05), and in bone cement leakage (P > .05) as well as the Postoperative VAS score (P < .05). However, There was no statistical difference in VAS score before surgery between the 2 groups (P > .05). The results indicated that the pain relief degree of OVCF patients without intravertebral clefts is better than that in the vertebral body. No statistical difference was found in Cobb Angle before and after surgery (P > .05), as well as the correction rate of the injured vertebrae before and after surgery (P > .05). There was no statistical difference in the degree of recovery of the anterior, middle and posterior margins of the injured vertebrae after surgery (P > .05).PKP treatment led to better degree of pain relief in OVCF patients without intravertebral clefts, and less bone cement was injected into the surgery.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cimentos Ósseos , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(5)2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34067532

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Bariatric surgery remains the gold standard treatment for morbidly obese patients. Roux-en-y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy are the most frequently performed surgeries worldwide. Obesity has also been related to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The management of a preoperative diagnosis of GERD, with/without hiatal hernia before bariatric surgery, is mandatory. Endoscopy can show abnormal findings that might influence the final type of surgery. The aim of this article is to discuss and review the evidence related to the endoscopic findings after bariatric surgery. Materials and Methods: A systematic review of the literature has been conducted, including all recent articles related to endoscopic findings after bariatric surgery. Our review of the literature has included 140 articles, of which, after final review, only eight were included. The polled articles included discussion of the endoscopy findings after roux-en-y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Results: We found that the specific care of bariatric patients might include an endoscopic diagnosis when GERD symptoms are present. Conclusions: Recent evidence has shown that endoscopic follow-up after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy could be advisable, due to the pathological findings in endoscopic procedures in asymptomatic patients.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Derivação Gástrica , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071312

RESUMO

Laparoscopy is a procedure that ultimately reduces hospital stay time and speeds up post-operative recovery. It is mainly performed in high-income countries but its implementation in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is increasing. However, no aggregate data exist regarding the outcomes of this procedure in resource-limited settings. We retrospectively reviewed all cases of laparoscopy recorded from January 2007 to March 2017 at the Department of Surgery of Beira to assess the related outcomes. Moreover, we performed a systematic review of the laparoscopic practices and outcomes in low-income countries. Data from the Department of Surgery of Beira identified 363 laparoscopic procedures, mainly relating to gynecological diseases, cholelithiasis, and appendicectomy with only a 1.6% complication rate (6 cases) and a 1.9% conversion rate (7 cases) to open surgery. The systematic review showed a pooled risk of overall complications significantly lower in laparoscopic vs. open appendicectomy (OR = 0.43; 95% CI 0.19-0.97; I2 = 85.7%) and a significantly lower risk of infection (OR = 0.53; 95% CI 0.43-0.65; I2 = 0.00%). The pooled SMD in operation duration in laparoscopic vs. open appendectomy was 0.58 (95% CI -0.00; 1.15; I2 = 96.52), while the pooled SMD in hospitalization days was -1.35 (95% CI -1.87; -0.82; I2 = 96.41). Laparoscopy is an expensive procedure to adopt as it requires new equipment and specialized trained health workers. However, it could reduce post-operative costs and complications, especially in terms of infections. It is crucial to increase its accessibility, acceptability, and quality particularly in LMICs, especially during this COVID-19 era when the reduction of patient hospitalization is essential.


Assuntos
Apendicite , COVID-19 , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e26196, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087889

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: At present, anterior resection of the rectum or transabdominal rectal resection is the most common surgical technique for rectal cancer. Laparoscopic techniques are popular, and the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic rectal surgery have been confirmed. However, postoperative anastomotic leakage is a common, severe complication that leads to high mortality. Thus, early diagnosis of anastomotic leakage is important for reducing clinical consequences.The aim of this study was to determine whether C-reactive protein (CRP) is a good predictor of anastomotic leakage in laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection.Our retrospective study involved a series of 196 rectal cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection without ileostomy between May 2013 and April 2015 at the Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine. The following patient data were collected: demographic data, manifestations of the complication, CRP levels and neutrophil percentage during the first 7 postoperative days.Anastomotic leakage was detected in 11 patients (5.6%). Each group showed significant differences (P < .05) in CRP levels on postoperative days 3 to 7; compared with other groups, the anastomotic leakage group showed significant differences in CRP levels (P < .05) on postoperative day 6. When patients were divided into groups with or without anastomotic leakage, CRP was a reliable predictor on postoperative days 4 to 7 (P < .05, area under the curve > 0.800). The best combination was CRP on postoperative day 6 (area under the curve = 0.932) with a cut-off of 76.6 mg/L, resulting in a sensitivity of 83.3%, a specificity of 94.6% and a negative predictive value of 99%.CRP is a reliable predictor of anastomotic leakage after laparoscopic transabdominal rectal resection surgery. High CRP levels on postoperative days 4 to 7 indicate the need for a more careful patient evaluation.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reto/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 272, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Closure of the appendix stump presents the most critical part of laparoscopic appendectomy. The aim of the present study was to compare the medical outcomes and cost analysis of laparoscopic appendectomy with respect to the different methods of stump closure. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized clinical trial conducted in a single institution (University Hospital Ostrava) within a 2-year study period. All included patients were randomized into one of three trial arms (endoloop, hem-o-lok clips or endostapler). RESULTS: In total, 180 patients (60 patients in each arm) were enrolled into the study. The mean length of hospital stay (3.6 ± 1.7 days) was comparable in all study arms. The shortest operative time was noted in the hem-o-lok subgroup of patients (37.9 ± 12.5 min). Superficial surgical site infection was detected in 4.4% of study patients; deep surgical site infection was noted in 1.7% of the patients. The frequency of surgical site infections was comparable in all study arms (p = 0.7173). The mean direct costs of laparoscopic appendectomy were significantly the lowest in the hem-o-lok subgroup of patients. Laparoscopic appendectomy is not a profit-making procedure in our institution (mean profit of made from the study patients was-104.3 ± 579.2 Euro). Closure of the appendix stump by means of endostapler presents the most expensive and the highest loss-incurring technique (p = 0.0072). CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that all technical modifications of appendix stump closure are comparable with regards to postoperative complications. The stapler technique is significantly the most expensive. We concluded that hem-o-lok clips have the potential for becoming the preferred method of securing the appendix base during laparoscopic appendectomy. Trial registration NCT03750032 ( http://www.clinicaltrials.gov ).


Assuntos
Apendicite , Apêndice , Laparoscopia , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 274, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To present a surgical technique of single-incision laparoscopic-assisted endorectal pull-through (SILEP) with suspension sutures using conventional instruments for Hirschsprung disease (HD) and its long-term follow-up outcomes. METHODS: The procedure began with a 1 cm transumbilical skin incision. Three separate punctures were made in the fascia with a 5 mm scope in the middle and 5 mm and 3 mm ports for working instruments on the left and right, respectively. The first suspension suture was placed to secure the sigmoid colon to the abdominal wall. A window was created through the rectal mesentery, and dissection around the rectum was carried out. The second suspension suture was performed to suspend the rectovesical peritoneal fold or the rectovaginal peritoneal fold to the abdominal wall. Dissection around the rectum was continued downward to approximately 1 cm below the peritoneal fold. Then, the operation was completed by a transanal approach. RESULTS: Forty patients underwent SILEP from March 2013 to April 2015. The median age was 2.7 months (ranging from 1 to 17 months). The mean operative time was 96 ± 23 min. No conversion to an open operation was required. The average hospitalization time was 4.5 ± 2 days. There were no intraoperative or perioperative complications. Long-term follow-up results were obtained from 38 patients. A frequency of defecation from every other day to twice a day was noted for 33 patients (86.8%) and more often for 5 patients (13.2%). Two patients had enterocolitis (5.2%). CONCLUSION: Single-incision laparoscopic rectal pull-through with suspension sutures using conventional instruments is feasible and safe for HD with good long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Doença de Hirschsprung , Laparoscopia , Colo Sigmoide , Doença de Hirschsprung/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Reto/cirurgia , Suturas
13.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 273, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ileum obstruction due to internal hernia beneath external iliac artery after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is extremely rare. We reported a case of acute strangulated internal hernia between the left external iliac artery and psoas major as late complication of laparoscopic hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old woman, who with histories of laparoscopic hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and PLND 9 years ago for the cervical malignant tumor, open appendectomy 18 years ago, visited our hospital complaining of aggravated left lower abdominal pain, bloating, nausea and vomiting from few hours ago. Left abdomen distention, tympanitic with rebound tenderness and muscular tension was detected during physical examinations. Accompanying with elevated inflammatory markers and mild intestinal dilatation showed in lab results and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) respectively. After carefully reading the CT images, a small bowel was found between the left external iliac artery (EIA) and the psoas major, combined with the patient's surgical history, we suspected it might be internal hernia. Eventually, the emergency laparoscopic laparotomy confirmed our conjecture, the gap between the iliac vessels and the psoas major was closed with an absorbable suture, the patient was discharged on the fourth postoperative day. CONCLUSION: Primary closure of peritoneal fissue maybe an effective measure to potentially prevent internal hernia. The choice of surgical approach for pelvic tumors still needs further exploration but faster diagnosis and immediate laparotomy might promise a better prognosis.


Assuntos
Artéria Ilíaca , Laparoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Hérnia Interna , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Magy Seb ; 74(2): 43-48, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133319

RESUMO

Összefoglaló. Esetismertetés: A gyomor subepitheliális tumorainak laparoszkópos ékresectiója egy szélesköruen elfogadott és alkalmazott eljárás. A gastro-oesophagealis junctio (GOJ) közeli elváltozások esetén ez a technika azonban a gyomorbemenet szukületének magas kockázata miatt erosen korlátozott. Ilyen lokalizáció esetén megfelelo technika lehet a laparoszkópos transgastricus resectio. Esetünkben egy 44 éves férfi dysphagiájának hátterében azonosított subepitheliális tumor resectióját végeztük el ilyen módon. A mutét során a pneumoperitoneum készítését követoen a gyomrot orogastricus szonda segítségével insuffláltuk, majd 3 darab ballonnal rendelkezo portot vezettünk a gyomorba. A 6 × 3 × 3 cm-es elváltozás intragastricus kimetszését követoen a nyálkahártyát tovafutó öltéssorral zártuk. A speciment zsákba helyeztük, majd a gyomorból és a hasüregbol eltávolítottuk. A portok gastrotomiás nyílásait zártuk. 24 órán át nasogastricus szondát hagytunk hátra, hasuri draint nem hagytunk vissza. A pneumoperitoneum ido 115 perc volt, vérveszteséget vagy intraoperatív szövodményt nem észleltünk. Eseménytelen posztoperatív szak után a beteget a mutétet követo harmadik napon otthonába bocsátottuk. A szövettani vizsgálat leiomyomát igazolt. Megbeszélés: Bár a páciens utánkövetése még folyamatban van, az irodalmi adatok alapán GOJ közeli elváltozások esetén a transgastricus technika biztonságos, hatékony, valamint jó funkcionális eredményt biztosító eljárás, a kiújulás magasabb kockázata nélkül. CASE REPORT: Laparoscopic wedge resection of the subepithelial tumors of the stomach is a widely accepted and utilized approach. The use of this technique for lesions located near the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) is rather limited by the high risk of consequential stenosis of the gastric inlet. The laparoscopic transgastric resection can be a feasible choice for this location. A 44-year-old male patient had been investigated for dysphagia, which confirmed a subepithelial gastric lesion. We performed the resection of the tumor using this technique. After the creation of pneumoperitoneum, the stomach was insufflated using an orogastric tube, then 3 balloon-type ports were inserted intragastrically. The 6×3×3 cm large tumor was resected and the mucosa was closed by running sutures. The specimen was placed into a plastic bag, then retrieved from the stomach and the abdominal cavity. The gastrotomy sites of the ports on the stomach were closed. A nasogastric tube was left in situ for 24-hours without any intraabdominal drains. The pneumoperitoneum time was 115 minutes long, blood loss or intraoperative complication was not noticed. The postoperative period was uneventful, and the patient was discharged from the hospital three days after surgery. The histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyoma. SUMMARY: Even though the follow-up of the patient is ongoing, according to the scientific literature, transgastric resection of subepithelial tumors located near the GEJ is a safe and effective technique, which provides good functional results, without having a higher risk for recurrence.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Estômago , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 241, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34104289

RESUMO

Ganglioneuromas are benign slow-growing lesions that arise from sympathetic ganglion cells. They are usually found incidentally. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), provides only an unspecified diagnosis and it has to be confirmed by pathologic studies. Complete surgical excision is believed to be the curative treatment for symptomatic lesions. In the literature, the pelvic location reported is exceptional. We report a case of laparoscopic assisted excision of a retrorectal presacral ganglioneuroma for 22-year-old female patient.


Assuntos
Ganglioneuroma/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Feminino , Ganglioneuroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ganglioneuroma/patologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
16.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 275, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transumbilical two-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for the treatment of processus vaginalis patency in boys has been practising recent years. The applicable instruments and skills are still evolving. In this study, we used a self-made needle assisted by a disposable dissecting forceps to practise this minimal invasive method for patent processus vaginalis in boys. Its safety and effectiveness were studied. The methods for depth and orientation perceptions were analyzed. METHODS: From January 2020 to November 2020, boys characteristic of symtomatic patency of processus vaginalis were performed open surgery consecutively. From December 2020, the authors begun to propose transumbilical two-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for this kind of boy patients. The open group included fifteen boys and the laparoscopic group included ten ones. The data of the patients age, constituent ratios of unilateral and bilateral patency, operating time, postoperative stay in hospital, follow-up time, conversion, postoperative complications were assessed. Throughout the laparoscopic process, the parallel and synchronous movements of lens pole and dissecting forceps were maintained. Vas deferens protrude was imagined as one of the point to form the triangular manipulation plane. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant difference between the laparoscopic group and the open group for the following items: age, operating time, the constituent ratios of unilateral or bilateral patency of processus vaginalis (P > 0.05). Postoperative stay in hospital and follow-up time of the laparoscopic group was significantly shorter than that of the open group (P = 0.0000). No laparoscopic case was converted to open surgery. After 10 cases of laparoscopic practice, orientation perception was established. There were no postoperative complications for all the patients. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary experience suggested that umbilical two-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure is safe and convenient for patent processus vaginalis treatment in boys. It has the advantage of incision-hiding and can be manipulated like a solo-like surgery.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Hidrocele Testicular , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hidrocele Testicular/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(5)2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011660

RESUMO

Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome, a rare Mullerian duct anomaly, includes a triad of uterine didelphys, obstructed haemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. A 58-year-old woman with Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome, reported of recurrent genital bleeding for 9 years, was finally diagnosed with endometrial cancer. She had a history of vaginal septum resection and nephrectomy of atrophic right kidney. MRI demonstrated uterine didelphys, a tumour filling the left uterus and a cyst on the right lateral side of the uterus. Robot-assisted hysterectomy, including bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy, was performed. As the cyst communicated with the right cervix, but not with the urinary tract, a Gartner duct cyst was diagnosed. Uncertain diagnosis and delay of treatment in endometrial cancer may occur in patients with Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome. We should preoperatively fully evaluate the anatomy of the uterus and surrounding tissues and plan surgical procedures, especially in patients with urogenital malformations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Laparoscopia , Robótica , Anormalidades Urogenitais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Rim/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anormalidades Urogenitais/complicações , Anormalidades Urogenitais/cirurgia , Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Útero/cirurgia , Vagina/cirurgia
18.
West Afr J Med ; 38(5): 454-459, 2021 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34051717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The advent of laparoscopy has been a notable landmark in surgery; however, there is a slow progress to widespread utilization in West Africa. AIMS: To study the awareness and practice of laparoscopic surgery among trainee surgeons in Nigerian tertiary hospitals while highlighting measures to mitigate challenges. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted during a 2-week West African College of Surgeons update course in September 2018 at Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was distributed to registered trainee surgeons for completion. Data collated included demographics, cognitive knowledge, common procedures in centres, referrals, routine practice, performing laparoscopic surgeon, and routine practice. Statistical analysis was done using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows version 20 Armonk NY USA. RESULTS: There were 184 registered trainee surgeons with 80 respondents from 26 Nigerian tertiary health facilities. The age range was 29 -51 years (mean 35.0 ± 4.4) and a mean training duration of 3.3 years (R2= 0.12). Seven (63.6%) senior registrars and 54(76.3%) registrars were reported as first assistants in laparoscopic surgeries performed but no unassisted surgery. Four (15.4%) represented centres had no laparoscopy equipment or expertise. A non-referral rate of 52/80(65.0%) for laparoscopic surgery was recorded. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery is practiced in some Nigerian tertiary hospitals with trainee surgeons actively involved in performing these surgeries. However, there is limited unassisted experience by trainee surgeons in the basic laparoscopic surgeries predominantly performed.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Cirurgiões , Adulto , África Ocidental , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Centros de Atenção Terciária
19.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 228, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046133

RESUMO

Lymphangioma is a rare benign neoplasm affecting mainly children. In this report we present a complicated case of polycystic omental lymphangioma in a 3 year old female presenting with acute abdomen. The patient underwent a laparoscopic-assisted excision of the lesion and had an excellent postoperative course. We discuss the effectiveness and advantages of this laparoscopic surgical approach in children and elaborate on the current literature.


Assuntos
Abdome Agudo/etiologia , Linfangioma Cístico/cirurgia , Omento/cirurgia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Linfangioma Cístico/diagnóstico , Omento/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/diagnóstico
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(5)2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035016

RESUMO

We report an interesting case of extraovarian, primary seromucinous cystadenoma, which presented as a mesenteric cyst. A 31-year-old woman came with complaints of lower abdominal pain for 2 years, which is intermittent and aggravated during the menstrual cycle. On examination, her vitals were within normal limits; per abdominal examination revealed 7×7 cm mass in the right lumbar and right hypochondrium with well-defined margins. A Contrast-enhanced whole abdomen done showed a thin-walled of cyst of size 7×8×9 cm in the right lumbar region abutting and replacing the mesenteric border of ascending colon suggesting of mesenteric cyst. Patient underwent laparoscopic excision of mesenteric cyst. Histopathology revealed seromucinous cystadenoma without ovarian stroma.


Assuntos
Cistadenoma , Cistos , Laparoscopia , Cisto Mesentérico , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Adulto , Cistadenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistadenoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Cisto Mesentérico/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Mesentérico/cirurgia
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