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1.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280830, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662813

RESUMO

This systematic review aimed to investigate the measurement properties of pain scoring instruments in farm animals. According to the PRISMA guidelines, a registered report protocol was previously published in this journal. Studies reporting the development and validation of acute and chronic pain scoring instruments based on behavioral and/or facial expressions of farm animals were searched. Data extraction and assessment were performed individually by two investigators using the Consensus-based Standards for the Selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) guidelines. Nine categories were assessed: two for scale development (general design requirements and development, and content validity and comprehensibility) and seven for measurement properties (internal consistency, reliability, measurement error, criterion and construct validity, responsiveness and cross-cultural validity). The overall strength of evidence (high, moderate, low, or very low) of each instrument was scored based on methodological quality, number of studies and studies' findings. Twenty instruments for three species (bovine, ovine and swine) were included. There was considerable variability concerning their development and measurement properties. Three behavior-based instruments scored high for strength of evidence: UCAPS (Unesp-Botucatu Unidimensional Composite Pain Scale for assessing postoperative pain in cattle), USAPS (Unesp-Botucatu Sheep Acute Composite Pain Scale) and UPAPS (Unesp-Botucatu Pig Composite Acute Pain Scale). Four instruments scored moderate for strength of evidence: MPSS (Multidimensional Pain Scoring System for bovine), SPFES (Sheep Pain Facial Expression Scale), LGS (Lamb Grimace Scale) and PGS-B (Piglet Grimace Scale-B). Most instruments (n = 13) scored low or very low for final overall evidence. Construct validity was the most reported measurement property followed by criterion validity and reliability. Instruments with reported validation are urgently required for pain assessment of buffalos, goats, camelids and avian species.


Assuntos
Animais Domésticos , Lista de Checagem , Animais , Ovinos , Bovinos , Suínos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fazendas , Dor/diagnóstico , Dor/veterinária , Psicometria
2.
Urolithiasis ; 51(1): 35, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695936

RESUMO

The burden of urolithiasis in children is increasing and this is mirrored by the number of surgical interventions in the form of ureteroscopy (URS). There exist many challenges in performing this surgery for this special patient group as well as a lack of consensus on technique. There is also large variation in how results are described and reported. There exists therefore, a need to improve and standardise the core outcomes, which are reported. To this end, we developed a new checklist to aid studies report the essential items on paediatric URS for stone disease. The Paediatric Ureteroscopy (P-URS) reporting checklist comprises four main sections (study details, pre-operative, operative and post-operative) and a total of 20 items. The tool covers a range of important elements, such as pre-stenting, complications, follow-up, stone-free rate, concomitant medical expulsive therapy and imaging, which are often lacking in studies. The checklist provides a summary of essential items that authors can use as a reference to improve general standards of reporting paediatric URS studies and increase the body of knowledge shared accordingly.


Assuntos
Ureteroscopia , Urolitíase , Humanos , Criança , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Lista de Checagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Urolitíase/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
BMJ Open ; 13(1): e064170, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the extent and quality of patient involvement reporting in examples of current practice in health research. DESIGN: Mixed-methods study. We used a targeted search strategy across three cohorts to identify health research publications that reported patient involvement: original research articles published in 2019 in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), articles listed in the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) database (2019), and articles citing the GRIPP2 (Guidance for Reporting Involvement of Patients and Public) reporting checklist for patient involvement or a critical appraisal guideline for user involvement. Publications were coded according to three coding schemes: 'phase of involvement', the GRIPP2-Short Form (GRIPP2-SF) reporting checklist and the critical appraisal guideline. OUTCOME MEASURES: The phase of the study in which patients were actively involved. For the BMJ sample, the proportion of publications that reported patient involvement. The quality of reporting based on the GRIPP2-SF reporting guideline. The quality of patient involvement based on the critical appraisal guideline. Quantitative and qualitative results are reported. RESULTS: We included 86 publications that reported patient involvement. Patients were most frequently involved in study design (90% of publications, n=77), followed by study conduct (71%, n=61) and dissemination (42%, n=36). Reporting of patient involvement was often incomplete, for example, only 40% of publications (n=34) reported the aim of patient involvement. While the methods (57%, n=49) and results (59%, n=51) of involvement were reported more frequently, reporting was often unspecific and the influence of patients' input remained vague. Therefore, a systematic assessment of the quality and impact of patient involvement according to the critical appraisal guideline was not feasible across samples. CONCLUSIONS: As patient involvement is increasingly seen as an integral part of the research process and requested by funding bodies, it is essential that researchers receive specific guidance on how to report patient involvement activities. Complete reporting builds the foundation for assessing the quality of patient involvement and its impact on research.


Assuntos
Participação do Paciente , Projetos de Pesquisa , Humanos , Participação do Paciente/métodos , Publicações , Lista de Checagem
5.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 16, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a devastating disease and can be sufficiently traumatic to induce post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Post-stroke PTSD is attracting increasing attention, but there was no study assessing the psychometric properties of the PCL-5 in stroke populations. Our study was conducted to examine the psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) in Chinese stroke patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted at our hospital. Three hundred and forty-eight Chinese stroke patients came to our hospital for outpatient service were recruited. They were instructed to complete the PCL-5 scales and were interviewed for PTSD diagnosis with the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5). The cutoff scores, reliability and validity of the PCL-5 were analyzed. RESULTS: PCL-5 scores in our sample were positively skewed, suggesting low levels of PTSD symptoms. The reliability of PCL-5 was good. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses indicated acceptable construct validity, and confirmed the multi-dimensionality of the PCL-5. By CFA analysis, the seven-factor hybrid model demonstrated the best model fit. The PCL-5 also showed good convergent validity and discriminant validity. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses revealed a PCL-5 score of 37 achieved optimal sensitivity and specificity for detecting PTSD. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings supported the use of PCL-5 as a psychometrically adequate measure of post-stroke PTSD in the Chinese patients.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Lista de Checagem , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Transversais , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We developed the Italian version of the adult developmental co-ordination disorders/dyspraxia checklist (ADC), providing reliability and concurrent validity data for the scale (Aim 1). In addition, we investigated the relationships between motor coordination difficulties and different autistic traits (Aim 2). METHODS: 498 participants (341 females; age range = 18-34) underwent the Italian version of the ADC, as well as a handwriting speed test, the autism spectrum quotient, the empathy quotient, and the systemizing quotient. RESULTS: The distinction between three main factors (A, B, and C) identified in the original version of the ADC was confirmed here. Internal consistency of the ADC subscales was adequate, as well as the correlation with the handwriting speed test used to assess concurrent validity. No substantial sex differences on the ADC scores were found. Furthermore, data revealed that poor autistic-related communication skills and lower levels of systemizing tendencies were, among all the investigated autistic traits, those more strongly associated with higher motor coordination difficulties. CONCLUSIONS: The Italian ADC seems a valuable tool for assessing motor coordination difficulties in adults and can reveal the nuanced impact exerted by different autistic traits on self-reported motor functioning.


Assuntos
Apraxias , Transtorno Autístico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras , Humanos , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Autorrelato , Lista de Checagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Itália
7.
Syst Rev ; 12(1): 6, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Measurement of neck muscle strength is common during the assessment of people with chronic neck pain (CNP). This systematic review evaluates the measurement properties (reliability, validity, and responsiveness) of neck muscle strength measures in people with CNP. DATABASES AND DATA TREATMENT: This systematic review followed a PROSPERO registered protocol (CRD42021233290). Electronic databases MEDLINE (OVID interface), CINAHL, SPORTDiscuss via (EBSCO interface), EMBASE (OVID interface), and Web of Science were searched from inception to 21 June 2021. Screening, data extraction, and quality assessment (Consensus-based Standards for the selection of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist) were conducted independently by two reviewers. The overall strength of evidence was evaluated using the modified Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. RESULTS: From 794 records, nine articles were included in this review which concerned six different neck strength outcome measures. All studies evaluated reliability and one evaluated construct validity. The reliability of neck strength measures ranged from good to excellent. However, the risk of bias was rated as doubtful/inadequate for all except one study and the overall certainty of evidence was rated low/very low for all measures except for the measurement error of a handheld dynamometer. CONCLUSION: A multitude of measures are used to evaluate neck muscle strength in people with CNP, but their measurement properties have not been fully established. Further methodologically rigorous research is required to increase the overall quality of evidence.


Assuntos
Força Muscular , Cervicalgia , Humanos , Adulto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Lista de Checagem
8.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 160 Suppl 1: 10-21, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635083

RESUMO

The period before and during pregnancy is increasingly recognized as an important stage for addressing malnutrition. This can help to reduce the risk of noncommunicable diseases in mothers and passage of risk to their infants. The FIGO Nutrition Checklist is a tool designed to address these issues. The checklist contains questions on specific dietary requirements, body mass index, diet quality, and micronutrients. Through answering these questions, awareness is generated, potential risks are identified, and information is collected that can inform health-promoting conversations between women and their healthcare professionals. The tool can be used across a range of health settings, regions, and life stages. The aim of this review is to summarize nutritional recommendations related to the FIGO Nutrition Checklist to support healthcare providers using it in practice. Included is a selection of global dietary recommendations for each of the components of the checklist and practical insights from countries that have used it. Implementation of the FIGO Nutrition Checklist will help identify potential nutritional deficiencies in women so that they can be addressed by healthcare providers. This has potential longstanding benefits for mothers and their children, across generations.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Dieta , Gravidez , Lactente , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Aconselhamento , Pessoal de Saúde , Atenção à Saúde
9.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 23(1): 9, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the reporting of prognostic prediction model studies in obstetric care through a cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: PubMed was searched to identify prognostic prediction model studies in obstetric care published from January 2011 to December 2020. The quality of reporting was assessed by the TRIPOD checklist. The overall adherence by study and the adherence by item were calculated separately, and linear regression analysis was conducted to explore the association between overall adherence and prespecified study characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 121 studies were included, while no study completely adhered to the TRIPOD. The results showed that the overall adherence was poor (median 46.4%), and no significant improvement was observed after the release of the TRIPOD (43.9 to 46.7%). Studies including both model development and external validation had higher reporting quality versus those including model development only (68.1% vs. 44.8%). Among the 37 items required by the TRIPOD, 10 items were reported adequately with an adherence rate over of 80%, and the remaining 27 items had an adherence rate ranging from 2.5 to 79.3%. In addition, 11 items had a report rate lower than 25.0% and even covered key methodological aspects, including blinding assessment of predictors (2.5%), methods for model-building procedures (4.5%) and predictor handling (13.5%), how to use the model (13.5%), and presentation of model performance (14.4%). CONCLUSIONS: In a 10-year span, prognostic prediction studies in obstetric care continued to be poorly reported and did not improve even after the release of the TRIPOD checklist. Substantial efforts are warranted to improve the reporting of obstetric prognostic prediction models, particularly those that adhere to the TRIPOD checklist are highly desirable.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Transversais , Modelos Lineares
10.
J Helminthol ; 97: e3, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637249

RESUMO

Reptiles, as well as other vertebrate groups, harbour a significant diversity of parasitic organisms, from nematodes and other helminths to viruses and bacteria. The Northeast is one of the richest regions in Brazil in terms of the reptile diversity, number of species and endemism. Parasites are diverse organisms and knowledge about the parasitic fauna of vertebrates is an important factor in understanding the ecological relationships between hosts and the environment. Studies on the parasitic fauna of reptiles in South America have increased in the past few years. The present review is a compilation of 122 studies published from 1924 to 2021. We present information on 101 species of reptiles from five groups (amphisbaenians, crocodile, testudines, snakes and lizards) and 183 parasitic taxa belonging to four phyla: Nematoda; Arthropoda; Platyhelminthes; and Acanthocephala. Nematodes were the most frequently recorded species. Lizards and snakes had more records of parasitism and higher levels of parasite richness and diversity. Ceará was the state with most studies and recorded cases of parasite-host association. The Caatinga and Atlantic Forest were the most investigated environments. The objective of this review was to contribute knowledge on the parasitic biodiversity in reptiles from Northeast Brazil, which may help identify gaps in our knowledge and guide future studies.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Nematoides , Parasitos , Animais , Brasil , Lista de Checagem , Lagartos/parasitologia , Serpentes/parasitologia
11.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 160 Suppl 1: 68-79, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate implementation of the FIGO Nutrition Checklist in a low/middle-income South African setting. METHODS: This is a mixed-methods study. Following administration of the FIGO Nutrition Checklist by a dietitian between July 2021 and May 2022, quantitative responses from pregnant (n = 96) and nonpregnant (n = 291) participants with overweight or obesity were analyzed, using logistic regression. Qualitative data from in-depth interviews with the dietitian and a subgroup of participants (n = 15) were analyzed using reflexive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Of 387 participants, 97.4% (n = 377) answered 'no' to at least one diet quality question on the FIGO Nutrition Checklist, indicative of an at-risk dietary practice. Food insecurity was positively associated with having more than three at-risk practices (OR 1.87; 95% CI, 1.10-3.18; P = 0.021). Themes from the dietitian interview included ease of use of the checklist; required adaptations to it, including explanation and translation; and benefits of the tool. Despite challenges to healthy nutrition, participant interviews identified that the checklist is acceptable and supported improved awareness of dietary intakes. CONCLUSION: Considering the high incidence of at-risk dietary practices identified by the FIGO Nutrition Checklist in this population, further research into use of the tool across South African healthcare settings is warranted.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Obesidade , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Obesidade/epidemiologia , África do Sul
12.
J Clin Neurosci ; 108: 25-29, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36577320

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect on adherence to an institutional death by neurological criteria/brain death (DNC/BD) policy of implementation of a standardized DNC/BD checklist in the electronic medical record (EMR). METHODS: The retrospective study cohort included all patients admitted to our institution who were declared dead by neurologic criteria determined by ICD code (G93.82) between June 2015 and October 2019. Two investigators independently reviewed each case for adherence with institutional policy, and agreement was assessed using unweighted kappa statistics. Patient data and adherence to institutional policy before and after implementation of a standardized DNC/BD checklist were compared. RESULTS: There were 66 patients identified by the initial search and 38 were included in the final analysis, with 19 cases in both the pre- and post- checklist periods. There were no significant differences in age, cause of DNC/BD, time to DNC/BD determination, potential toxic, metabolic, physiologic confounders, or use of ancillary testing. The pre-checklist period adherence was 47.4% (n = 9/19) versus 94.6% (n = 18/19; p = 0.001) in the post-checklist EMR DNC/BD period. CONCLUSION: Implementation of a standardized EMR checklist substantially improved DNC/BD policy adherence in our institution. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class IV evidence on the use of standardized EMR checklist to improve death by neurologic criteria/brain death policy adherence.


Assuntos
Morte Encefálica , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Humanos , Morte Encefálica/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Lista de Checagem , Hospitalização
13.
Psychiatry Res ; 319: 114994, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36516638

RESUMO

The Million Veteran Program (MVP) uses the posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSD) Checklist 17 (PCL-17) self-report to assess PTSD. Existing literature suggests that the five-factor dysphoric arousal model best represents the PTSD symptom clusters; this can be tested within MVP, one of the largest samples collected with suitable data. We compared factor models within MVP across genetically defined subsamples (ancestry [European, African, admixed American, and East Asian], sex) via multi-group confirmatory factor analyses in a sample of 279,897 participants. The five-factor dysphoric arousal model best fit the PCL-17 data, consistent with previous findings. The factor structure could also be imposed across all groups tested. Verifying the factor structure provides a framework for future phenotypic and genotypic analyses within MVP and other samples.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Veteranos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Lista de Checagem , Autorrelato , Análise Fatorial , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
14.
Respir Med ; 206: 107068, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Checklists are usually employed to assess the inhalation techniques in patients, but partial techniques are difficult to evaluate visually. This study aimed to assess the checklist validity and an agreement between checklists and an aerosol inhalation monitor (AIM) assessments. METHODS: This study used a checklist and an AIM to evaluate the participants' inhalation techniques with a pressurized metered-dose inhaler (MDI) and two dry powder inhalers (DPIs). The kappa (κ) coefficient, prevalence-adjusted and bias-adjusted κ (PABAK), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were all calculated to determine the agreement between the checklist and AIM in an MDI and DPIs with different inhalation technique steps. RESULTS: The checklist and AIM exhibited poor agreement in the MDI for actuation and inhalation time, and a moderate agreement for inspiratory flow. The fair agreement was observed in DPIs for inspiratory flow between the checklist and AIM. The steps of holding breath in MDI and DPIs were highly correlated between both assessments. The lowest accuracy evaluated with an AIM was found in the step of actuation and inhalation time in the MDI and in the inspiratory flow step in DPIs. CONCLUSION: The checklist tended to overestimate the accuracy of critical techniques including the actuation and inhalation time in MDIs and the inspiratory flow in DPIs. Thus, the AIM device can be used as an objective auxiliary tool to assess and quantify the specific steps of inhalation technique for the users with MDI and DPIs.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores , Humanos , Inaladores Dosimetrados , Administração por Inalação , Inaladores de Pó Seco , Aerossóis
15.
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed ; 117(7): 525-530, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Well-performed resuscitation measures can improve the outcome in the event of cardiovascular arrest. Medical students often use teaching videos to learn practical skills. Studies confirmed the often inadequate quality of the videos on resuscitation available on the Internet. An evaluation using a validated checklist based on the current guidelines has so far been lacking. OBJECTIVE: The development and validation of a checklist for evaluating instructional videos on resuscitation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In an expert workshop, checklist items were formulated based on the current guidelines. The checklist was tested by emergency physicians in a 4-step review process. The evaluations were analyzed and the items adjusted and specified if necessary. After the review process was completed, the checklist was applied to 74 videos on the topic of resuscitation. RESULTS: The checklist consists of 25 items in 4 categories (initial measures, chest compression, AED use, breathing), which are rated on a 3-level Likert scale. A total of 16 emergency doctors participated in the study and rated an average of 9.3 ± 5.7 videos each. The reviewers agreed in 65.1 ± 12.6% of the cases. The highest agreement was achieved in the subtopic AED, with the item "do not touch patients in shock" having the highest agreement. The items in the thoracic compression category were most often rated differently. CONCLUSION: For the first time, a checklist for evaluating instructional videos for resuscitation was created and validated for German-speaking countries.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Estudantes de Medicina , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Ressuscitação
16.
J Parasitol ; 108(6): 582-594, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36469935

RESUMO

An updated checklist of tongue worms (Pentastomida) which parasitize wild North American amphibians and reptiles is presented: a total of 14 species grouped in 6 genera, 4 families, and 2 orders are registered; these infect a total of 58 species of reptiles and 3 amphibians in the region. An illustrated identification key for the taxa listed is proposed. Kiricephalus coarctatus (Diesing, 1860) (Porocephalidae) is recorded for the first time in the snakes Arizona elegans Kennicott, 1859 (Colubridae); Micrurus tener Baird and Girard, 1853 (Elapidae); and Bothrops asper (Garman, 1884) (Viperidae); the exotic Raillietiella taegueselfiRiley, McAllister, and Freed, 1988 (Raillietiellidae) is recorded in the exotic lizard Hemidactylus frenatus Duméril and Bibron, 1836 (Gekkonidae) for the first time, and in Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Gekkonidae) for the first time in Mexico, this is also the first time it is recorded in a species of lizard native of the Americas, Sceloporus cyanogenys Cope, 1885 (Phrynosomatidae), this latter record represents a parasite spillover event; finally, Porocephalus stilesiSambon, 1910 (Porocephalidae) is formally recorded for the first time in Mexico in the snake Bothrops asper.


Assuntos
Colubridae , Lagartos , Parasitos , Pentastomídeos , Animais , México , Lista de Checagem , Lagartos/parasitologia
17.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21039, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470919

RESUMO

To better improve the conditions for the recovery of children with burn injuries, timely understanding of the psychological status of parents is important. A cross-sectional survey on it using convenience sampling was conducted at two hospitals. Besides basic information, the Symptom Checklist 90, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Social Support Rate Scale, and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire were used, and the key factors were identified via multivariate linear regression analysis and path analysis. A total of 196 guardians were recruited, 180 valid and completed questionnaires were obtained, including 58 men (32.2%) and 122 women (67.8%), and their average age was 30.3 years (standard deviation = 7.6). Of these, 151 participants (83.9%) were parents. Multivariate analysis revealed that children's age, parent gender, P score, negative coping style, and religion were the main factors that affected parents' psychology. Moreover, path analysis showed that P score, children's age, and negative coping style had the greatest impact on the total average score. These results suggest that during hospitalization, the following three factors should be focused on: older children, higher parental psychoticism, and increased negative coping style.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Lista de Checagem , Criança , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Pais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Queimaduras/terapia , Hospitalização
18.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1475, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36463141

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the reporting quality of published economic evaluations of the negotiated oncology drugs listed for China's 2020 National Reimbursement Drug List (NRDL). METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted to identify economic evaluation studies of negotiated oncology drugs listed in China's 2020 NRDL using the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, SinoMed, and WanFang Database up to March 31, 2021. The Consolidated Health Economic Evaluation Reporting Standards (CHEERS) checklist scored the reporting quality between 0 and 100. A linear regression analysis was employed to examine the influence of various characteristics on the reporting quality scores. RESULTS: Eighty papers were included in the study, with the majority published during the past decade. Furthermore, more than half of the articles (57.5%, or 46 out of 80) were written in English. The average CHEERS score was 74.63 ± 12.75 and ranged from 43.48 to 93.75. The most inadequately reported items included choice of model, characterization of heterogeneity, and discussion, as well as currency, price date and conversion. Higher scores were associated with articles published from 2019 to 2021 and English publications. CONCLUSION: The economic evaluation studies of negotiated oncology drugs listed in 2020 NRDL had moderate reporting quality. The Chinese economic evaluation publications could improve the reporting quality if the CHEERS checklist is consistently implemented. Also, the Chinese journals maybe explore introducing a reporting standard for economic evaluations.


Assuntos
Oncologia , Humanos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Lista de Checagem , China
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(47): e31781, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451495

RESUMO

One strategy to reduce the number of falls in older adults is through home hazards assessment checklists. The comprehensive home fall hazard checklist (CHFHC) was designed to guide individuals through their home, assessing fall hazards. The checklist systematically prompts the individuals to check 10 general locations in the house The purpose of this study was to assess the content validity of the comprehensive home fall hazard checklist. A 4-point ordinal Likert rating scale was used to evaluate the content validity of each of the 74 items on the checklist. The relevance and clarity of each item was assessed. Nine experts rated the content validity of each test in relation to the 5 tasks in the rating protocol. The item content validity index, and the scale content validity index were determined, and a kappa rating was calculated. Three of the 74 items on the CHFHC were determined to be not relevant receiving a content validity index of 0.78 or less. All of the items were ranked as being quite clear or highly clear, with all items receiving at least 0.78 on the content validity index. The Kappa score indicates expert agreement. The content validity index was determined to be excellent, with high ratings for both relevance and clarity for 71 of 74 items on the CHFHC.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Lista de Checagem , Humanos , Idoso , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 43: 28, 2022.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451716

RESUMO

Introduction: post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a topical issue due to the increase in armed conflicts and terrorist attacks in recent decades. The PCL-5 scale is used to screen and monitor patients with PTSD. The aim of our work was to validate a literary Arabic version of this scale on a population of Tunisian soldiers. Methods: the translation of the PCL-5 scale into Tunisian literary Arabic was performed according to the back-translation technique described by Werner and Campbell and recommended by Brislin. Cross-cultural validation was conducted in 7 steps according to Vallerand's method. Data collection was conducted at the psychiatry department of the Military Hospital of Tunis from February 2019 to December 2020. Results: we recruited 300 military personnel, 150 of whom were followed for PTSD. Cronbach's alpha was 0.98 indicating good internal consistency. The study of inter-item correlations revealed a total Spearman index of 0.75. This index indicates a good homogeneity of the translated scale items. Construct validity was checked using the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin index (K-M-O) and Bartlett's test of sphericity. The latter was significant (p<0.000), and the K-M-O index was 0.969, indicating that the correlations between the items were of good quality. Conclusion: our study showed that the Arabic version of the PCL-5 scale has satisfactory psychometric properties comparable to those of the original version.


Assuntos
Militares , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Lista de Checagem , Hospitais Militares , Conflitos Armados
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