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1.
Edumecentro ; 13(3): 119-131, jul.-sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278992

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: crear manuales que complementen y faciliten el aprendizaje del estudiante permite cumplir con el encargo social de los docentes como formadores de los futuros profesionales de la salud. Objetivo: valorar el nivel de satisfacción de los estudiantes de Medicina sobre el manual digital "Prevención de la Conducta Suicida" como recurso bibliográfico para facilitar el aprendizaje del referido tema en la disciplina integradora Medicina General Integral. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de Manzanillo, Granma, en el curso 2018-2019. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis, hipotético-deductivo y hermenéutico-dialéctico; empíricos: cuestionario a estudiantes como usuarios del manual, y para procesar la información se utilizó la estadística descriptiva. Resultados: el uso del manual facilitó la comprensión del contenido teórico y el desarrollo de habilidades para detectar riesgos en pacientes con este tipo de conducta, desde la educación en el trabajo en el consultorio médico de familia y otros escenarios docentes por donde los alumnos cumplen su rotación. Conclusiones: los estudiantes expresaron un nivel adecuado de satisfacción en sus respuestas sobre el uso del manual diseñado para los temas de la disciplina Medicina General Integral.


ABSTRACT Background: creating manuals that complement and facilitate student learning allows fulfilling the social mission of teachers as trainers of future health professionals. Objective: to assess the level of satisfaction of medical students on the electronic manual "Prevention of Suicidal Behavior" as a bibliographic resource to facilitate learning of the aforementioned subject in the integrative discipline General Comprehensive Medicine. Methods: a descriptive observational study was carried out in the Faculty of Medical Sciences of Manzanillo, Granma, in the 2018-2019 academic year. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis, hypothetical-deductive and hermeneutical-dialectical; empirical: questionnaire to students as users of the manual and descriptive statistics were used to process the information. Results: the use of the manual facilitated the understanding of the theoretical content and the development of skills to detect risks in patients with this type of behavior, from the in-service training in the GP's office and other teaching institutions where students fulfill their rotation. Conclusions: the students expressed an adequate level of satisfaction in their answers about the use of the manual designed for the subjects of the comprehensive General Medicine discipline.


Assuntos
Estudantes , Suicídio , Tentativa de Suicídio , Educação Médica , Manuais como Assunto
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; 2 ed; ago. 30, 2021. 44 p. graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1292984

RESUMO

El manual de organización y funciones representa un esquema metodológico, que permite la formalización de la estructura organizacional del Hospital Nacional El Salvador, creado para la atención de la Pandemia por COVID-19. En él se determinan las funciones específicas y estructurales, de cada grupo orgánico y constituye una de las herramientas con que se cuenta para facilitar el desarrollo de las funciones administrativas, asistenciales u operativas.


The organization and functions manual represents a methodological scheme, which allows the formalization of the organizational structure of the El Salvador National Hospital, created for the care of the COVID-19 Pandemic. In it, the specific and structural functions of each organic group are determined and it constitutes one of the tools available to facilitate the development of administrative, care or operational functions


Assuntos
Hospitais Públicos , Manuais como Assunto , Hospitais
3.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ago. 17, 2021. 16 p. graf, ilus.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1292988

RESUMO

Este Manual es un documento técnico normativo de gestión institucional, que expresa en detalle la estructura organizacional y la descripción de las funciones, relaciones, líneas de autoridad y límites de responsabilidad de dicho organismo; con el fin de orientar a las autoridades, funcionarios y servidores públicos en el desempeño efectivo de sus funciones. Ya que describe y establece los objetivos generales y específicos de las funciones, las relaciones internas y externas y las relaciones de autoridad y dependencia de dicho Despacho, así como la delimitación del campo de acción de los diferentes elementos que intervienen


This Manual is a normative technical document of institutional management, which expresses in detail the organizational structure and the description of the functions, relationships, lines of authority and limits of responsibility of said agency; in order to guide the authorities, officials and public servants in the effective performance of their functions. Since it describes and establishes the general and specific objectives of the functions, the internal and external relations and the authority and dependence relations of said Office, as well as the delimitation of the field of action of the different elements that intervene Organization and functions manual of the Vice Ministry of Health Operations


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Manuais como Assunto
4.
San Salvador; MINSAL; jul. 13, 2021. 29 p. graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1292986

RESUMO

El presente documento constituye un apoyo administrativo para delimitar el alcance del accionar operativo de la Unidad de Gestión de Programas y Proyectos de Inversión, a efecto de desarrollar sus funciones de manera integrada, eficiente, transparente y oportuna. Se describen los diferentes elementos que componen el presente manual, la misión y visión, los objetivos, las funciones, así como las relaciones de trabajo internas y externas de dicha Unidad


This document constitutes an administrative support to define the scope of the operational actions of the Investment Programs and Projects Management Unit, in order to develop its functions in an integrated, efficient, transparent and timely manner. The different elements that make up this manual, the mission and vision, the objectives, the functions, as well as the internal and external work relationships of said Unit are described


Assuntos
Programa , Projetos , Investimentos em Saúde , Manuais como Assunto
5.
Edumecentro ; 13(1): 87-101, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149234

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: la preparación idiomática, según lo establecido por el Marco Común Europeo de Referencia (MCER), constituye una necesidad de primer orden en el proceso de formación y superación de los futuros profesionales de las ciencias médicas. Objetivo: diseñar un sistema de actividades para desarrollar habilidades comunicativas en idioma Inglés en los residentes de Estomatología. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en la Facultad de Estomatología entre enero 2018-diciembre 2019. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: histórico-lógico, analítico-sintético, inductivo-deductivo y sistémico-estructural; empíricos: análisis documental, encuesta en forma de cuestionario a estudiantes y entrevista a informantes clave. Resultados: el diagnóstico realizado demostró la necesidad de diseñar un sistema de actividades que incluye tres folletos: el primero, con actividades para la impartición de clases dirigido a profesores y estudiantes; el segundo, con respuestas a interrogantes y orientaciones metodológicas generales y un set de audiciones auténticas con sus transcripciones; y el tercero, ofrece ayuda a los estudiantes en su estudio individual. Conclusiones: el sistema de actividades diseñado se caracteriza por su flexibilidad y enfoque interdisciplinar, tiene en cuenta el desarrollo de las cuatro habilidades del idioma, las subhabilidades y sus funciones. Fue valorado de forma satisfactoria por los especialistas quienes reconocieron sus adecuadas pertinencia social y pedagógica, estructura lógica, factibilidad, originalidad y valor científico-pedagógico.


ABSTRACT Background: language preparation, as established by the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), constitutes a first order need in the process of training and updating future professionals in the medical sciences. Objective: to design a system of activities to develop communication skills in the English language in Dentistry residents. Methods: a descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at the Dentistry Faculty from January 2018 to December 2019. Theoretical methods were used: historical-logical, analytical-synthetic, inductive-deductive and systemic-structural; empirical ones: documentary analysis, survey in the form of a questionnaire to students and interview with key informants. Results: the diagnosis showed the need to design a system of activities that includes three booklets: the first, with activities for teaching classes aimed at teachers and students; the second, with answers to questions and general methodological guidelines and a set of authentic auditions with their transcripts; and the third, offers help to students in their individual study. Conclusions: the designed activity system is characterized by its flexibility and interdisciplinary approach; it takes into account the development of the four language skills, sub skills and their functions. It was satisfactorily evaluated by specialists who recognized its adequate social and pedagogical relevance, logical structure, feasibility, originality and pedagogical-scientific value.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Odontologia , Ensino , Estratégias de Saúde , Idioma , Manuais como Assunto
6.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 05, 2021. 14 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1177214

RESUMO

El presente Manual es un instrumento técnico de trabajo, en el cual se presenta el pensamiento estratégico que incluye la dependencia jerárquica, procesos que involucran a la unidad, misión, Visión, Objetivo, funciones, estructura orgánica y relaciones internas y externas


This Manual is a technical working instrument, in which the strategic thinking that includes hierarchical dependence, processes that involve the unit, mission, Vision, Objective, functions, organic structure and internal and external relationships is presented


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Manuais como Assunto
7.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 16, 2021. 25 p. ilus.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1150934

RESUMO

El presente manual pretender bridar los pasos a seguir para realizar una vigilancia activa de todos los eventos supuestamente atribuidos a la vacuna e inmunización que puede ocurrir con la aplicación de la vacuna contra el SARS-CoV-2 y que no se detecten por medio de la notificación espontanea , desarrollando una investigación con su respectivo análisis en un numero especifico de pacientes a quienes se le administren la vacuna, a fin de identificar componentes clínicos y farmaco-epidemiologicos que permitan conocer eventos serios no conocidos o nuevas señales


This manual aims to provide the steps to follow to carry out an active surveillance of all the events supposedly attributed to the vaccine and immunization that can occur with the application of the vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 and that are not detected by means of the spontaneous notification, developing an investigation with its respective analysis in a specific number of patients to whom the vaccine is administered, in order to identify clinical and pharmaco-epidemiological components that allow knowing serious events not known or new signs


Assuntos
Imunização , Infecções por Coronavirus , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Manuais como Assunto , Sistemas Nacionais de Saúde
8.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 21, 2021. 33 p. ilus.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1151072

RESUMO

El Presente Manual Proporciona al personal de la red del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud, los procedimientos técnicos administrativos, para la gestión de la provisión de servicios de vacunación a la población salvadoreña de manera oportuna, eficaz, eficiente y gratuita, a fin de prevenir y controlar las enfermedades inmunoprevenibles


This Manual Provides the staff of the National Integrated Health System network with administrative technical procedures for managing the provision of vaccination services to the Salvadoran population in a timely, effective, efficient and free manner, in order to prevent and control immune-preventable diseases


Assuntos
Vacinas , Manuais como Assunto , Prevenção de Doenças
9.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 04, 2021. 18 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177209

RESUMO

La Unidad de servicios de apoyo diagnostico tiene la finalidad de elaborar y actualizar la normativa técnica para la prestación de los servicios de apoyo diagnóstico: Laboratorio Clínico, Banco de Sangre, Patología, Imagenología y Rayos X, que contribuyen con el plan terapéutico del paciente en cualquiera de los establecimientos de salud de los tres niveles de atención del MINSAL. En este sentido y a fin de establecer la herramienta administrativa que sirva de guía para el desarrollo de las funciones de dicha Unidad, se ha elaborado el presente Manual que describe la estructura organizativa, objetivos, funciones y relaciones de trabajo que orientan y delimitan el campo de acción de los diferentes elementos que intervienen en esa Unidad


The Diagnostic Support Services Unit has the purpose of developing and updating the technical regulations for the provision of diagnostic support services: Clinical Laboratory, Blood Bank, Pathology, Imaging and X-rays, which contribute to the therapeutic plan of the patient in any of the health establishments of the three levels of MINSAL care. In this sense and in order to establish the administrative tool that serves as a guide for the development of the functions of said Unit, this Manual has been prepared that describes the organizational structure, objectives, functions and work relationships that guide and delimit the field of action of the different elements that intervene in that Unit


Assuntos
Serviços Básicos de Saúde , Manuais como Assunto , Raios X , Bancos de Sangue , Diagnóstico , Laboratórios
10.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 05, 2021. 20 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1177210

RESUMO

El presenta el manual de organización y funciones de la Dirección, el cual servirá como marco de referencia y como guía para el desarrollo de las actividades propias de los ambientes administrativos que la conforman. En este documento se describe la estructura organizativa, objetivos, funciones y relaciones de trabajo que apoyan su funcionamiento, así como la delimitación del campo de acción de los diferentes elementos organizativos


The organization and functions manual of the Directorate is presented, which will serve as a frame of reference and as a guide for the development of the activities of the administrative environments that comprise it. This document describes the organizational structure, objectives, functions and work relationships that support its operation, as well as the delimitation of the field of action of the different organizational elements


Assuntos
Comunicação , Manuais como Assunto , Comunicação em Saúde
11.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 09, 2021. 18 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1177211

RESUMO

En cumplimiento de los principios constitucionales relacionados con la salud pública de la población salvadoreña y el marco legal referente a la legislación en salud, la Dirección de Regulación se constituye dentro de la institución, como la dependencia responsable de conducir los procesos de elaboración y publicación de los documentos regulatorios del Ministerio de Salud


In compliance with the constitutional principles related to the public health of the Salvadoran population and the legal framework regarding health legislation, the Regulation Directorate is constituted within the institution, as the agency responsible for conducting the processes of preparation and publication of regulatory documents of the Ministry of Health


Assuntos
Saúde Pública , Legislação como Assunto , Manuais como Assunto , Controle Social Formal
12.
San Salvador; MINSAL; feb. 10, 2021. 30 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1177212

RESUMO

El Manual de Organización y Funciones de la Dirección de Planificación del MINSAL es una herramienta administrativa, que orienta el quehacer de la dependencia y sirve como instrumento para el desarrollo de la gestión institucional, ya que en su contenido se identifican las funciones de cada uno de los ambientes administrativos que la integran. La descripción del presente manual tiene como propósito servir de referencia y consulta a todo el personal que labora en la institución, así como para otros funcionarios y actores externos que deseen consultar sobre el funcionamiento de la dependencia


The Manual of Organization and Functions of the Planning Directorate of MINSAL is an administrative tool that guides the work of the department and serves as an instrument for the development of institutional management, since its content identifies the functions of each of the administrative environments that comprise it. The description of this manual is intended to serve as a reference and consultation for all personnel working in the institution, as well as for other officials and external actors who wish to consult on the operation of the unit


Assuntos
Administração de Serviços de Saúde , Planejamento , Manuais como Assunto
13.
Int J Legal Med ; 135(2): 583-590, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33409560

RESUMO

Despite being a common form of abuse, there is a paucity of literature describing shackling and wrist restraint injuries among survivors of torture. Forensic evaluation of alleged wrist restraint/handcuff injuries in survivors of torture presents challenges to the evaluator, especially if the injuries are remote and do not leave lasting marks nor neurologic deficits. Thorough history-taking and physical examination are critical to effective forensic documentation. Guidance is provided in The Manual on Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Istanbul Protocol), the gold standard for the medicolegal documentation of torture. This guidance relies primarily on physical findings, with less direction provided on how to interpret historical evidence or when historical evidence provided by the patient can be interpreted as highly consistent with alleged injury in the absence of current physical findings. Through a case-based review, we present diagnostic strategies for the evaluation of alleged abuse involving wrist restraints/handcuffs, focusing on skin, neurologic, and osseous injuries. We highlight key findings from both the history and physical examination that will allow the evaluator to improve the accuracy of their expert medical opinion on the degree to which medical findings correlate with the patient's allegations of wrist restraint injuries.


Assuntos
Medicina Legal/normas , Manuais como Assunto , Exame Físico , Restrição Física/efeitos adversos , Restrição Física/instrumentação , Sobreviventes , Tortura , Adulto , Documentação/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Anamnese , Pele/lesões , Pele/inervação , Traumatismos do Punho/etiologia , Traumatismos do Punho/patologia
14.
Addict Sci Clin Pract ; 16(1): 2, 2021 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutual support groups are a popular treatment for substance use and other addictive behaviours. However, little is known about the cultural utility of these programmes for Indigenous peoples. METHODS: A three-round Delphi study, utilising Indigenous research yarning methods was conducted to: (1) Obtain expert opinion regarding the cultural utility of an Indigenous SMART Recovery handbook; (2) Gain consensus on areas within the SMART Recovery programme that require cultural modification and; (3) Seek advice on how modifications could be implemented in future programme design and delivery. The panellists were 11 culturally, geographically, and professionally diverse Indigenous Australian health and wellbeing experts. A group consensus level of 80% was set prior to each survey round. RESULTS: There was 100% participant retention across all three Delphi rounds. The panel reached consensus on five key programme modifications (composition of a separate facilitator and group member handbook; culturally appropriate language, terminology, and literacy level; culturally meaningful programme activities; supplementary storytelling resources; and customisation for diverse community contexts). The panel also developed a series of practical implementation strategies to guide SMART Recovery through a modification process. CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the importance of involving Indigenous peoples in the design, delivery and validation of mainstream mutual support programmes. Indigenous-led programme modifications could help improve accessibility and usefulness of mutual support groups for Indigenous peoples worldwide. This study is an example of how Indigenous research methods can be used alongside the Delphi technique. This approach demonstrated a way that Indigenous peoples from culturally and geographically diverse locations can participate in research anonymously, autonomously and without added burden on personal, community or professional obligations.


Assuntos
Técnica Delfos , Povos Indígenas , Desenvolvimento de Programas/métodos , Grupos de Autoajuda , Adulto , Austrália , Comportamento Aditivo/terapia , Diversidade Cultural , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Manuais como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
15.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 20, 2021. 16 p. graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1151069

RESUMO

El presente manual de organización y funciones constituye un instrumento de apoyo funcional y dinámico para las diferentes unidades organizativas de la dirección y también es un documento de consulta para otras dependencias e instituciones de salud. El mismo contiene la estructura organizativa, objetivos, funciones y relaciones que orientan el funcionamiento y delimitan el campo de acción de los diferentes elementos que intervienen en al Dirección Nacional de Hospitales


This organization and functions manual constitutes a functional and dynamic support instrument for the different organizational units of the directorate and is also a consultation document for other health agencies and institutions. It contains the organizational structure, objectives, functions and relationships that guide the operation and delimit the field of action of the different elements that intervene in the National Hospital Directorate


Assuntos
Hospitais , Manuais como Assunto
16.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 21, 2021. 17 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1151073

RESUMO

El presente Manual de Organización y Funciones constituye un instrumento de apoyo funcional y dinámico, para las diferentes unidades organizativas del a Dirección y también es un documento de consulta para otras dependencias e instituciones de salud. El mismo contiene la estructura organizativa, objetivos, funciones y relaciones que orientan el funcionamiento y delimitan el campo de acción de los diferentes elementos que intervienen en la Dirección Nacional del Primer Nivel de Atención


This Organization and Functions Manual constitutes a functional and dynamic support instrument for the different organizational units of the Directorate and is also a consultation document for other health agencies and institutions. It contains the organizational structure, objectives, functions and relationships that guide the operation and delimit the field of action of the different elements that intervene in the National Directorate of the First Level of Care


Assuntos
Atenção Primária à Saúde , Manuais como Assunto
17.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 21, 2021. 30 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1151074

RESUMO

El presente Manual constituye un instrumento de apoyo funcional y dinámico para las diferentes unidades organizativas de la dirección y es un documento de consulta para el resto de las dependencias e instituciones de salud. El mismo contiene la estructura organizativa, objetivos, funciones y relaciones que orientan su funcionamiento y la delimitación del campo de acción de los diferentes elementos que intervienen en dicha Dirección


This Manual constitutes a functional and dynamic support instrument for the different organizational units of the directorate and is a consultation document for the rest of the health departments and institutions. It contains the organizational structure, objectives, functions and relationships that guide its operation and the delimitation of the field of action of the different elements that intervene in said Directorate


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Manuais como Assunto
18.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 21, 2021. 25 p. ilus, graf.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1151077

RESUMO

El presente manual establece claramente los niveles de autoridad y responsabilidad de la Dirección de Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación, con una visión de conjunto de los ambientes administrativos, definiendo los objetivos y funciones; que proporcionen directrices para facilitar el funcionamiento de la organización


This manual clearly establishes the levels of authority and responsibility of the Information and Communication Technologies Directorate, with an overview of the administrative environments, defining the objectives and functions; that provide guidelines to facilitate the functioning of the organization


Assuntos
Tecnologia da Informação , Manuais como Assunto
19.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene, 22, 2021. 12 p. ilus.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1177120

RESUMO

El presente manual tiene como finalidad brindar un marco de referencia que sirva de guía para la organización y funciones de la Unidad de Gestión de Riesgos y Desastres en Salud en el cual se describe la estructura organizativa, objetivos, funciones y relaciones que orientan su funcionamiento y la delimitación del campo de acción, de los diferentes elementos que intervienen en dicha Unidad


The purpose of this manual is to provide a reference framework that serves as a guide for the organization and functions of the Health Risk and Disaster Management Unit in which describes the organizational structure, objectives, functions and relationships that guide its operation and the delimitation of the field of action, of the different elements that intervene in said Unit


Assuntos
Gestão de Riscos , Desastres , Manuais como Assunto
20.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene, 22, 2021. 72 p. ilus, ilus.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1177122

RESUMO

La Dirección de Políticas y Gestión de Salud, en adelante DPGS, es la dependencia estratégica del Viceministerio de Gestión y Desarrollo, responsable del desarrollo de la normativa institucional relacionada a la promoción, prevención, identificación, tratamiento y rehabilitación, dentro del modelo de atención integral en salud; así como la creación y seguimiento de políticas, planes, proyectos o estrategias institucionales y aquellas establecidas por el Gobierno Central


The Health Policy and Management Directorate, hereinafter DPGS, is the dependency strategy of the Vice Ministry of Management and Development, responsible for the development of the institutional regulations related to the promotion, prevention, identification, treatment and reatment and rehabilitation, within the comprehensive health care model; as well as the monitoring of institutional policies, plans, projects or strategies and those established by the Central Government


Assuntos
Gestão em Saúde , Política de Saúde , Manuais como Assunto , Saúde
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