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1.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 70(4): e20230998, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716936

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The use of cardiac implantable electronic devices has increased in recent years. It has also brought some issues. Among these, the complications of cardiac implantable electronic devices infection and pocket hematoma are difficult to manage. It can be fatal with the contribution of patient-related risk factors. In this study, we aimed to find mortality rates in patients who developed cardiac implantable electronic devices infection and pocket hematoma over 5 years. We also investigated the risk factors affecting mortality in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices. METHODS: A total of 288 cardiac implantable electronic devices patients were evaluated. Demographic details, history, and clinical data of all patients were recorded. Cardiac implantable electronic devices infection was defined according to the modified Duke criteria. The national registry was used to ascertain the mortality status of the patients. The patients were divided into two groups (exitus and survival groups). In addition, the pocket hematoma was defined as significant bleeding at the pocket site after cardiac implantable electronic devices placement. RESULTS: The cardiac implantable electronic devices infection was similar in both groups (p=0.919), and the pocket hematoma was higher in the exitus group (p=0.019). The exitus group had higher usage of P2Y12 inhibitors (p≤0.001) and novel oral anticoagulants (p=0.031). The Cox regression analysis, including mortality-related factors, revealed that renal failure is the most significant risk factor for mortality. Renal failure was linked to a 2.78-fold higher risk of death. CONCLUSION: No correlation was observed between cardiac implantable electronic devices infection and mortality, whereas pocket hematoma was associated with mortality. Furthermore, renal failure was the cause of the highest mortality rate in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Hematoma , Marca-Passo Artificial , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Hematoma/etiologia , Hematoma/mortalidade , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/mortalidade , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
3.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 246, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes after catheter ablation (CA) or pacemaker (PM) implantation for the tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome (TBS) has not been evaluated adequately. We tried to compare the efficacy and safety outcomes of CA and PM implantation as an initial treatment option for TBS in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with paroxysmal AF and TBS (mean 63.7 years, 63.2% male) were randomized, and received CA (n = 35) or PM (n = 33) as initial treatments. The primary outcomes were unexpected emergency room visits or hospitalizations attributed to cardiovascular causes. RESULTS: In the intention-to-treatment analysis, the rates of primary outcomes were not significantly different between the two groups at the 2-year follow-up (19.8% vs. 25.9%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.73, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.25-2.20, P = 0.584), irrespective of whether the results were adjusted for age (HR 1.12, 95% CI 0.34-3.64, P = 0.852). The 2-year rate of recurrent AF was significantly lower in the CA group compared to the PM group (33.9% vs. 56.8%, P = 0.038). Four patients (11.4%) in the CA group finally received PMs after CA owing to recurrent syncope episodes. The rate of major or minor procedure related complications was not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSION: CA had a similar efficacy and safety profile with that of PM and a higher sinus rhythm maintenance rate. CA could be considered as a preferable initial treatment option over PM implantation in patients with paroxysmal AF and TBS. TRIAL REGISTRATION: KCT0000155.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Bradicardia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Ablação por Cateter , Frequência Cardíaca , Marca-Passo Artificial , Recidiva , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Bradicardia/diagnóstico , Bradicardia/terapia , Bradicardia/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome , Taquicardia/fisiopatologia , Taquicardia/diagnóstico , Taquicardia/terapia , Taquicardia/cirurgia
4.
Forensic Sci Int ; 359: 112001, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) are a heterogeneous group of medical devices with increasingly sophisticated diagnostic capabilities, which could be exploited in forensic investigations. However, current guidelines are lacking clear recommendations on the topic. The first aim of this systematic review is to provide an updated assessment of the role of postmortem CIED interrogation, and to give practical recommendations, which can be used in daily practice. Secondly, the authors aim to determine the rates of postmortem CIED interrogation and autopsy investigations, the type of final rhythm detected close to death (with a focus on the significance of documented arrhythmias), as well as the role of postmortem CIED interrogation in the determination of final cause/time of death, and any potentially fatal device malfunctions. METHODS: A systematic search in MEDLINE and Scopus aiming to identify reports concerning postmortem human CIED interrogation was performed, including a systematic screening of reference lists. Case reports, letters to the editors, commentaries, review articles or guidelines were excluded, along with studies related to cardiac devices other than CIED. All data were pooled and analyzed using fixed-effects meta-analysis models, and the I2 statistic was used to assess heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 25 articles were included in the systematic review, enrolling 3194 decedent CIED carriers. Ten studies (40%) had a 100% autopsy rate, whereas in further 6 studies autopsy findings were variably reported; CIED interrogation was available from 22 studies (88%), and it was never performed prior to autopsy. The overall rate of successful postmortem CIED interrogation was 89%, with high heterogeneity among studies, mainly due to device deactivation/battery discharge. Twenty-four percent of CIED carriers experienced sudden cardiac death (SCD), whereas non-sudden cardiac and non-cardiac death (NSCD, NCD) were reported in 37% and 30% of decedents, respectively. Ventricular tachyarrhythmias were recorded in 34% of overall successfully interrogated CIED, and in 62% of decedents who experienced a SCD; of all ventricular tachyarrhythmias recorded, 40% was found in NSCD or NCD. A clear interpretation of the etiological role of recorded arrhythmias in the causation of death required integration with autopsy findings. Overall, potentially fatal device malfunctions were detected in 12% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Postmortem CIED interrogation is a valuable tool for the determination of the cause of death, and may complement autopsy. Forensic pathologists need to know the potential utility, pitfalls, and limitations of this diagnostic examination to make this tool as much reliable as possible.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Marca-Passo Artificial , Humanos , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Arritmias Cardíacas , Falha de Equipamento
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10440, 2024 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714750

RESUMO

A wide variety of treatments have been developed to improve respiratory function and quality of life in patients with bilateral vocal fold paresis (BVFP). One experimental method is the electrical activation of the posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA) muscle with a laryngeal pacemaker (LP) to open the vocal folds. We used an ovine (sheep) model of unilateral VFP to study the long-term effects of functional electrical stimulation on the PCA muscles. The left recurrent laryngeal nerve was cryo-damaged in all animals and an LP was implanted except for the controls. After a reinnervation phase of six months, animals were pooled into groups that received either no treatment, implantation of an LP only, or implantation of an LP and six months of stimulation with different duty cycles. Automated image analysis of fluorescently stained PCA cross-sections was performed to assess relevant muscle characteristics. We observed a fast-to-slow fibre type shift in response to nerve damage and stimulation, but no complete conversion to a slow-twitch-muscle. Fibre size, proportion of hybrid fibres, and intramuscular collagen content were not substantially altered by the stimulation. These results demonstrate that 30 Hz burst stimulation with duty cycles of 40% and 70% did not induce PCA atrophy or fibrosis. Thus, long-term stimulation with an LP is a promising approach for treating BVFP in humans without compromising muscle conditions.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Músculos Laríngeos , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais , Animais , Ovinos , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/terapia , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/fisiopatologia , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Músculos Laríngeos/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Prega Vocal/fisiopatologia , Prega Vocal/patologia , Feminino
7.
Port J Card Thorac Vasc Surg ; 31(1): 57-58, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743518

RESUMO

Surgical resection remains the optimal therapeutic option for early-stage operable NSCLC. Despite significant advances in recent years related to anesthetic and surgical techniques, cardiopulmonary complications remain major causes for postoperative morbimortality. In this paper we present a case of a patient who developed complete AV block followed by asystole after lung resection surgery. The patient underwent surgery via right VATS and the procedure was uneventful.  On the first post-operative day patient developed a third-degree atrioventricular block followed by 6 seconds asystole. Pharmacological treatment was instituted and implementation of a permanent pacemaker occurred on the third post-operative day, without complications. The remaining postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged home on the sixth post-operative day. It is the objective of the authors to report and highlight this rare and potencial fatal complication of lung resection.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Atrioventricular , Parada Cardíaca , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumonectomia , Humanos , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/etiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
9.
J Med Case Rep ; 18(1): 238, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a novel form of rapidly reversible heart failure occurring secondary to a stressor that mimics an acute coronary event. The underlying etiology of the stressor is highly variable and can include medical procedures. Pacemaker insertion is an infrequent cause of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. CASE PRESENTATION: An 86-year-old Caucasian woman underwent an uncomplicated pacemaker insertion for symptomatic complete heart block in the background of slow atrial fibrillation. A transient episode of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia was noted on day 1 following the procedure; however, her pacemaker was checked and, as she remained stable, she was discharged home. She presented again 5 days later with symptomatic heart failure. Chest X-ray confirmed pulmonary edema. Echocardiography confirmed new onset severe left ventricle dysfunction. Pacemaker checks were normal and lead placement was confirmed. Though her troponin I was elevated, her coronary angiogram was normal. Contrast enhanced echocardiography suggested apical ballooning favoring Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. She was treated for heart failure and made a good recovery. Her follow-up echocardiography a month later showed significant improvement in left ventricle function. CONCLUSIONS: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is mediated by a neuro-cardiogenic mechanism due to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation. It generally has a good prognosis. Complications though uncommon, can occur and include arrhythmias. Pacemaker insertion as a precipitant stressor is an infrequent cause of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. As pacemaker insertions are more frequent in the elderly age group, this phenomenon should be recognized as a potential complication.


Assuntos
Marca-Passo Artificial , Taquicardia Ventricular , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo , Humanos , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/terapia , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/complicações , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/etiologia , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Taquicardia Ventricular/terapia , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações
10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 121(4): e20230386, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of artificial cardiac pacemakers has grown steadily in line with the aging population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the rates of hospital readmissions and complications after pacemaker implantation or pulse generator replacement and to assess the impact of these events on annual treatment costs from the perspective of the Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS: A prospective registry, with data derived from clinical practice, collected during index hospitalization and during the first 12 months after the surgical procedure. The cost of index hospitalization, the procedure, and clinical follow-up were estimated according to the values reimbursed by SUS and analyzed at the patient level. Generalized linear models were used to study factors associated with the total annual treatment cost, adopting a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: A total of 1,223 consecutive patients underwent initial implantation (n=634) or pulse generator replacement (n=589). Seventy episodes of complication were observed in 63 patients (5.1%). The incidence of hospital readmissions within one year was 16.4% (95% CI 13.7% - 19.6%) after initial implants and 10.6% (95% CI 8.3% - 13.4%) after generator replacements. Chronic kidney disease, history of stroke, length of hospital stays, need for postoperative intensive care, complications, and hospital readmissions showed a significant impact on the total annual treatment cost. CONCLUSIONS: The results confirm the influence of age, comorbidities, postoperative complications, and hospital readmissions as factors associated with increased total annual treatment cost for patients with pacemakers.


FUNDAMENTO: O uso de marca-passos cardíacos artificiais tem crescido constantemente, acompanhando o envelhecimento populacional. OBJETIVOS: Determinar as taxas de readmissões hospitalares e complicações após implante de marca-passo ou troca de gerador de pulsos e avaliar o impacto desses eventos nos custos anuais do tratamento sob a perspectiva do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). MÉTODOS: Registro prospectivo, com dados derivados da prática clínica assistencial, coletados na hospitalização índice e durante os primeiros 12 meses após o procedimento cirúrgico. O custo da hospitalização índice, do procedimento e do seguimento clínico foram estimados de acordo com os valores reembolsados pelo SUS e analisados ao nível do paciente. Modelos lineares generalizados foram utilizados para estudar fatores associados ao custo total anual do tratamento, adotando-se um nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: No total, 1.223 pacientes consecutivos foram submetidos a implante inicial (n= 634) ou troca do gerador de pulsos (n= 589). Foram observados 70 episódios de complicação em 63 pacientes (5,1%). A incidência de readmissões hospitalares em um ano foi de 16,4% (IC 95% 13,7% - 19,6%) após implantes iniciais e 10,6% (IC 95% 8,3% - 13,4%) após trocas de geradores. Doença renal crônica, histórico de acidente vascular encefálico, tempo de permanência hospitalar, necessidade de cuidados intensivos pós-operatórios, complicações e readmissões hospitalares mostraram um impacto significativo sobre o custo anual total do tratamento. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados confirmam a influência da idade, comorbidades, complicações pós-operatórias e readmissões hospitalares como fatores associados ao incremento do custo total anual do tratamento de pacientes com marca-passo.


Assuntos
Marca-Passo Artificial , Readmissão do Paciente , Humanos , Marca-Passo Artificial/economia , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/economia , Fatores de Tempo , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Prospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/economia , Brasil , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Tempo de Internação/economia
11.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 26(5): 273-277, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) are increasingly being used; thus, there is an increasing need for transvenous lead extraction (TLE). OBJECTIVES: To summarize our experience with TLE at single referral center in northern Israel. METHODS: The study included all patients who underwent TLE at our center between 2019 and 2022, regardless of the indication. RESULTS: The cohort included 50 patients. The mean age was 69 ± 10.36 years; 78% were males. A total of 99 electrodes were targeted. The mean number of electrodes was 1.96 (range 1-4) per patient. The time between lead implantation and extraction ranged between 1.1 and 34 years with an average of 8.14 ± 5.71 years (median of 7.5 years). Complete lead removal was achieved in 98% of patients and in 98.99% of leads. The complete procedural success rate as well as the clinical procedural success rate was 96%. The procedural failure rate was 4% (1 patient died 2 days after the index procedure and 1 patient remained with large portion of lead). The indication for TLE was infection in 78% of the cohort group. Powered mechanical sheaths were used in 36 patients (72%), laser sheaths in 27 (54%), and a combination of laser and mechanical sheaths in 16 (32%). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical and procedural success rates of TLE, primarily for CEID-related infection, were high. A combination of laser and mechanical sheaths was needed in one-third of patients.


Assuntos
Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Remoção de Dispositivo , Marca-Passo Artificial , Humanos , Remoção de Dispositivo/métodos , Remoção de Dispositivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Israel/epidemiologia , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Eletrodos Implantados , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
12.
Curr Heart Fail Rep ; 21(3): 186-193, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662154

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Heart failure (HF) is a major public health problem worldwide, affecting more than 64 million people [1]. The complex and severe nature of HF presents challenges in providing cost-effective care as patients often require multiple hospitalizations and treatments. This review of relevant studies with focus on the last 10 years summarizes the health and economic implications of various HF treatment options in Europe and beyond. Although the main cost drivers in HF treatment are clinical (re)admission and decompensation of HF, an assessment of the economic impacts of various other device therapy options for HF care are included in this review. This includes: cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) such as cardiac-resynchronisation-therapy devices that include pacemaking (CRT-P), cardiac-resynchronisation-therapy devices that include defibrillation (CRT-D), implantable cardioverter/defibrillators (ICDs) and various types of pacemakers. The impact of (semi)automated (tele)monitoring as a relevant factor for increasing both the quality and economic impact of care is also taken into consideration. Quality of life adjusted life years (QALYs) are used in the overall context as a composite metric reflecting quantity and quality of life as a standardized measurement of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICER) of different device-based HF interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: In terms of the total cost of different devices, CRT-Ds were found in several studies to be more expensive than all other devices in regards to runtime and maintenance costs including (re)implantation. In the case of CRT combined with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (CRT-D) versus ICD alone, CRT-D was found to be the most cost-effective treatment in research work over the past 10 years. Further comparison between CRT-D vs. CRT-P does not show an economic advantage of CRT-D as a minority of patients require shock therapy. Furthermore, a positive health economic effect and higher survival rate is seen in CRT-P full ventricular stimulation vs. right heart only stimulation. Telemedical care has been found to provide a positive health economic impact for selected patient groups-even reducing patient mortality. For heart failure both in ICD and CRT-D subgroups the given telemonitoring benefit seems to be greater in higher-risk populations with a worse HF prognosis. In patients with HF, all CIED therapies are in the range of commonly accepted cost-effectiveness. QALY and ICER calculations provide a more nuanced understanding of the economic impact these therapies create in the healthcare landscape. For severe cases of HF, CRT-D with telemedical care seems to be the better option from a health economic standpoint, as therapy is more expensive, but costs per QALY range below the commonly accepted threshold.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/economia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/economia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/economia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/economia , Qualidade de Vida , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Marca-Passo Artificial/economia
13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 13(9): e032777, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A delayed and recurrent complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) is a life-threatening complication of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Post-TAVR evaluation may be important in predicting delayed and recurrent CAVB requiring permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI). The impact of new-onset right bundle-branch block (RBBB) after TAVR on PPI remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 407 patients with aortic stenosis who underwent TAVR were included in this analysis. Intraprocedural CAVB was defined as CAVB that occurred during TAVR. A 12-lead ECG was evaluated at baseline, immediately after TAVR, on postoperative days 1 and 5, and according to the need to identify new-onset bundle-branch block (BBB) and CAVB after TAVR. Forty patients (9.8%) required PPI, 17 patients (4.2%) had persistent intraprocedural CAVB, and 23 (5.7%) had delayed or recurrent CAVB after TAVR. The rates of no new-onset BBB, new-onset left BBB, and new-onset RBBB were 65.1%, 26.8%, and 4.7%, respectively. Compared with patients without new-onset BBB and those with new-onset left BBB, the rate of PPI was higher in patients with new-onset RBBB (3.4% versus 5.6% versus 44.4%, P<0.0001). On post-TAVR evaluation in patients without persistent intraprocedural CAVB, the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that new-onset RBBB was a statistically significant predictor of PPI compared with no new-onset BBB (odds ratio [OR], 18.0 [95% CI, 5.94-54.4]) in addition to the use of a self-expanding valve (OR, 2.97 [95% CI, 1.09-8.10]). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with new-onset RBBB after TAVR are at high risk for PPI.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bloqueio de Ramo , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Eletrocardiografia , Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Humanos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Feminino , Bloqueio de Ramo/etiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/terapia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/etiologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Tempo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Recidiva
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(16): e37543, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38640303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tachycardia-bradycardia syndrome (TBS) is a subtype of sick sinus syndrome characterized by prolonged sinus pause (≥3 s) following termination of tachyarrhythmias, primarily atrial fibrillation (AF). There is controversy regarding whether the long-term prognosis of AF ablation is superior to pacemaker implantation. This study aimed to compare the effects of AF ablation and pacemaker therapy in patients with TBS. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane, EmBase, Web of Science, and Chinese BioMedical, up until December 1, 2023. We included studies that reported the effects of AF ablation vs pacemaker therapy in patients with TBS. From this search, we identified 5 studies comprising 843 participants with TBS who underwent catheter AF ablation or pacemaker therapy. RESULTS: Our meta-analysis revealed that AF ablation and pacemaker therapy had similar effects on cardiovascular death (odds ratio [OR] = 0.62 and 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.14-2.65), procedural complications (OR = 1.53 and 95% CI: 0.67-3.48), and cardiovascular rehospitalization (OR = 0.57 and 95% CI: 0.26-1.22). However, AF ablation provided greater benefits than pacemaker therapy in terms of all-cause mortality (OR = 0.37 and 95% CI: 0.17-0.82), thromboembolism (OR = 0.25 and 95% CI: 0.12-0.49), stroke (OR = 0.28 and 95% CI: 0.13-0.57), heart failure (OR = 0.27 and 95% CI: 0.13-0.56), freedom from AF (OR = 23.32 and 95% CI: 7.46-72.92), and prevention of progression to persistent AF (OR = 0.12 and 95% CI: 0.06-0.24). Furthermore, AF ablation resulted in a reduced need for antiarrhythmic agents (OR = 0.21 and 95% CI: 0.08-0.59). CONCLUSION: AF ablation can effectively reduce the risk of all-cause mortality, thromboembolism, stroke, heart failure, and progression to persistent AF in patients with TBS. Additionally, it may eliminate the need for further pacemaker therapy in most cases after ablation. Therefore, AF ablation is considered superior to pacemaker therapy in the management of patients with TBS.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Marca-Passo Artificial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Tromboembolia , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Síndrome do Nó Sinusal/terapia , Bradicardia/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Taquicardia/terapia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Tromboembolia/etiologia
15.
Int Breastfeed J ; 19(1): 27, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lactational mastitis is a common painful and debilitating inflammation of breast tissue, generally treated conservatively or with pus puncture in case of breast abscess. However, treating mastitis in patients with implantable surgical material located in the affected breast region can be extremely challenging. We present an unusual case of lactational mastitis complicated by pacemaker pocket infection in a breastfeeding mother. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35-year-old pacemaker-dependent female developed lactational mastitis seven weeks postpartum. Initially, the condition was treated conservatively with analgesics and antibiotics. After abscess formation, pus was aspirated using fine-needle aspiration technique. Four weeks after mastitis resolution, pacemaker pocket infection developed. According to current cardiovascular implantable electronic device infection treatment guidelines a complete surgical extraction of the entire electronic system, followed by targeted antibiotic treatment and reimplantation of a new device after infection resolution, was recommended. However, after thorough discussion with the young woman and her family and after detailed review of surgery-related risks, she declined a potentially high-risk surgical procedure. Thus, only the pulse generator was explanted; pacing leads positioned in the sub-pectoral pocket; new pacemaker implanted on the contralateral side and broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy continued for six weeks. After breastfeeding cessation, and with chronic fistula development at the primary pacemaker implantation site, the possibility of delayed surgical intervention including complete extraction of retained pacemaker leads was again thoroughly discussed with her. After thoughtful consideration the woman consented to the proposed treatment strategy. A surgical procedure including transvenous lead extraction through the primary implantation venous entry site, using hand-powered bidirectional rotational sheaths, was successfully performed, removing all retained leads through the left subclavian venous entry site, and leaving the fully functional and clinically uninfected pacemaker on the contralateral site intact. CONCLUSION: Although patients' decisions for delayed extraction in a case of cardiovascular implantable electronic device infection should be discouraged by attending physicians and members of interdisciplinary teams, our case shows that a stepwise treatment strategy may be successful as a bailout clinical scenario in patients with specific requests, demands and / or clinical needs.


Assuntos
Mastite , Marca-Passo Artificial , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Aleitamento Materno , Abscesso/tratamento farmacológico , Mastite/terapia , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Lactação , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
17.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 83(17): 1656-1668, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve annuloplasty (TA) during mitral valve repair (MVr) is associated with increased risk of permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation, but the magnitude of risk and long-term clinical consequences have not been firmly established. OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the incidence rates of PPM implantation after isolated MVr and following MVr with TA as well as the associated long-term clinical consequences of PPM implantation. METHODS: State-mandated hospital discharge databases of New York and California were queried for patients undergoing MVr (isolated or with concomitant TA) between 2004 and 2019. Patients were stratified by whether or not they received a PPM within 90 days of index surgery. After weighting by propensity score, survival, heart failure hospitalizations (HFHs), endocarditis, stroke, and reoperation were compared between patients with or without PPM. RESULTS: A total of 32,736 patients underwent isolated MVr (n = 28,003) or MVr + TA (n = 4,733). Annual MVr + TA volumes increased throughout the study period (P < 0.001, trend), and PPM rates decreased (P < 0.001, trend). The incidence of PPM implantation <90 days after surgery was 7.7% for MVr and 14.0% for MVr + TA. In 90-day conditional landmark-weighted analyses, PPMs were associated with reduced long-term survival among MVr (HR: 1.96; 95% CI: 1.75-2.19; P < 0.001) and MVr + TA recipients (HR: 1.65; 95% CI: 1.28-2.14; P < 0.001). In both surgical groups, PPMs were also associated with an increased risk of HFH (HR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.27-1.90; P < 0.001) and endocarditis (HR: 1.95; 95% CI: 1.52-2.51; P < 0.001), but not with stroke or reoperation. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to isolated MVr, adding TA to MVr was associated with a higher risk of 90-day PPM implantation. In both surgical groups, PPM implantation was associated with an increase in mortality, HFH, and endocarditis.


Assuntos
Marca-Passo Artificial , Valva Tricúspide , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Marca-Passo Artificial/efeitos adversos , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Anuloplastia da Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 17(8): 1020-1028, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38658116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an effective and safe therapy for severe aortic stenosis. Rapid or fast pacing is required for implantation, which can be performed via a pre-existing cardiac implantable electric device (CIED). However, safety data on CIEDs for pacing in TAVR are missing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to elucidate procedural safety and feasibility of internal pacing with a CIED in TAVR. METHODS: Patients undergoing TAVR with a CIED were included in this analysis. Baseline characteristics, procedural details, and complications according to Valve Academic Research Consortium 3 (VARC-3) criteria after TAVR were compared between both groups. RESULTS: A total of 486 patients were included. Pacing was performed using a CIED in 150 patients and a transient pacemaker in 336 patients. No differences in technical success according to VARC-3 criteria or procedure duration occurred between the groups. The usage of transient pacers for pacing was associated with a significantly higher bleeding rate (bleeding type ≥2 according to VARC-3-criteria; 2.0% vs 13.1%; P < 0.01). Furthermore, impairment of the CIED appeared in 2.3% of patients after TAVR only in the group in which pacing was performed by a transient pacer, leading to surgical revision of the CIED in 1.3% of all patients when transient pacemakers were used. CONCLUSIONS: Internal pacing using a CIED is safe and feasible without differences of procedural time and technical success and might reduce bleeding rates. Furthermore, pacing using a CIED circumvents the risk of lead dislocation. Our data provide an urgent call for the use of a CIED for pacing during a TAVR procedure in general.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Valva Aórtica , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Estudos de Viabilidade , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Tempo , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Medição de Risco
20.
Clin Transplant ; 38(4): e15317, 2024 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) allocation criteria changed in 2018 to accommodate the increased prevalence of patients on a ventricular assist device as a bridge to heart transplant and prioritize sicker people in anticipation of a heart graft. We aimed to assess the impact of patient age in the new allocation policy on mortality following heart transplantation. Secondary outcomes included the effect of age ≥70 on post-transplant events, including stroke, dialysis, pacemaker, and rejection requiring treatment. METHODS: The UNOS Registry was queried to identify patients who underwent heart transplants alone in the US between 2000 and 2021. Patients were divided into groups according to their age (over 70 and under 70 years old). RESULTS: Patients aged over 70 were more likely to require dialysis during follow-up, but less likely to experience rejection requiring treatment, compared with patients aged <70. Age ≥70 in the new allocation system was a significant predictor of 1-year mortality (adjusted HR: 1.41; 95% CI: 1.05-1.91; p = .024), but its effect on 5-year mortality was not significant after adjusting for potential confounders (adjusted HR: 1.27; 95% CI:.97-1.66; p = .077). Undergoing transplantation under the new allocation policy vs the old allocation policy was not a significant predictor of mortality in patients over 70 years old. CONCLUSIONS: Age ≥70 is a significant predictor of 1-year mortality following heart transplantation, but not at 5 and 10 years; however, the new allocation does not seem to have changed the outcomes for this group of patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração , Coração Auxiliar , Marca-Passo Artificial , Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal
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