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2.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e53872, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Web-based decision aids have been shown to have a positive effect when used to improve the quality of decision-making for women facing postmastectomy breast reconstruction (PMBR). However, the existing findings regarding these interventions are still incongruent, and the overall effect is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the content of web-based decision aids and its impact on decision-related outcomes (ie, decision conflict, decision regret, informed choice, and knowledge), psychological-related outcomes (ie, satisfaction and anxiety), and surgical decision-making in women facing PMBR. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis followed the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. A total of 6 databases, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science Core Collection, were searched starting at the time of establishment of the databases to May 2023, and an updated search was conducted on April 1, 2024. MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms and text words were used. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool for randomized controlled trials was used to assess the risk of bias. The certainty of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach. RESULTS: In total, 7 studies included 579 women and were published between 2008 and 2023, and the sample size in each study ranged from 26 to 222. The results showed that web-based decision aids used audio and video to present the pros and cons of PMBR versus no PMBR, implants versus flaps, and immediate versus delayed PMBR and the appearance and feel of the PMBR results and the expected recovery time with photographs of actual patients. Web-based decision aids help improve PMBR knowledge, decisional conflict (mean difference [MD]=-5.43, 95% CI -8.87 to -1.99; P=.002), and satisfaction (standardized MD=0.48, 95% CI 0.00 to 0.95; P=.05) but have no effect on informed choice (MD=-2.80, 95% CI -8.54 to 2.94; P=.34), decision regret (MD=-1.55, 95% CI -6.00 to 2.90 P=.49), or anxiety (standardized MD=0.04, 95% CI -0.50 to 0.58; P=.88). The overall Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation quality of the evidence was low. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that the web-based decision aids provide a modern, low-cost, and high dissemination rate effective method to promote the improved quality of decision-making in women undergoing PMBR. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42023450496; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=450496.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Mamoplastia , Mastectomia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Tomada de Decisões , Internet , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Mastectomia/métodos
3.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 93: 173-182, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703705

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The BREAST-Q Breast Cancer module is a patient-reported outcome measure for women with breast cancer diagnosis. Our research team developed and validated a novel BREAST-Q scale for this module that measures quality of life outcomes specific to cancer worry. The aim of this study was to investigate patient related breast reconstruction factors that are associated with worse scores on the new BREAST-Q Cancer Worry Scale. METHODS: Women with a history of breast cancer treated with mastectomy and reconstruction, aged ≥18 years, and English-speaking were recruited through the Love Research Army between October and November 2019. Participants completed demographic and clinical questions alongside the BREAST-Q Cancer Worry Scale. Univariable and multivariable regression analyses were used to identify participant characteristics associated with cancer worry scores. RESULTS: Among the 554 potential respondents, 538 (97.1%) completed the Cancer Worry Scale. The average patient age was 58.4 (+9.8) years. Cancer Worry scores were normally distributed with a mean of 46.4 (+17.2). Cancer Worry scores were significantly associated (p < 0.01) with younger age, history of radiation therapy, complications associated with breast surgery since diagnosis, use of textured breast implants, and shorter duration since surgery. CONCLUSIONS: This exploratory analysis provides evidence of patient characteristics that may be associated with cancer worry following postmastectomy breast reconstruction.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Mastectomia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Idoso , Adulto , Implantes de Mama/psicologia
4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 357, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social anxiety among postoperative breast cancer patients is a prevalent concern, with its intensity fluctuating throughout the course of treatment. The study aims to describe the trajectory of social anxiety in postoperative breast cancer patients, explore the influencing factors, and provide theoretical support for the construction of future intervention programs. METHODS: This study was conducted from June 2022 to January 2023, encompassing 213 breast cancer patients from three first-class hospitals in China. Data collection occurred at four distinct time points. A growth mixture model was employed to identify latent categories representing the trajectories of social anxiety changes among patients. A multiple regression analysis was utilized to explore predictive factors associated with different latent trajectory categories. RESULTS: The trajectory of social anxiety changes in postoperative breast cancer patients includes five potential categories: maintaining mild social anxiety group, changing from mild to moderate social anxiety group, maintaining moderate social anxiety group, changing from moderate to severe social anxiety group, and maintaining severe social anxiety group. Cluster analysis results indicated three types: positive, negative, and low. Logistic regression analysis revealed that younger age, spouses concerned about postoperative appearance, chemotherapy with taxol-based drugs, opting for modified radical surgery or radical mastectomy surgical approaches, and breast cancer patients with negative rumination were factors that influenced patients' social anxiety (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The trajectory of social anxiety in postoperative breast cancer patients comprises five potential categories. In clinical practice, it is essential to strengthen the management of high-risk populations susceptible to experiencing social anxiety emotions, including younger age, spouses concerned about postoperative appearance, chemotherapy with taxol-based drugs, opting for modified radical surgery or radical mastectomy surgical approaches, and breast cancer patients with negative rumination.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Mastectomia/psicologia , Período Pós-Operatório , China , Ansiedade/psicologia , Idoso
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11364, 2024 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762615

RESUMO

To determine the impact of breast conservation on quality of life and identify treatment-related and other demographic factors associated with post-breast cancer treatment quality of life. A prospective study was conducted on 392 women who underwent breast cancer surgery at Hangzhou Cancer Hospital from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2022. Operable breast cancer patients who had completed all treatments except endocrine therapy were included. Patients with tumor recurrence/metastasis, bilateral or male breast cancer, and other primary malignancies were excluded. After enrollment, patients were asked to complete the BREAST-Q scale, and their pathological and medical records were reviewed. Analysis of variance was used to compare the quality of life scores among the groups. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to identify independent factors associated with quality of life scores in different domains. Participants completed the BREAST-Q scale at a median of 4.6 years after surgery. Quality of life scores varied based on the therapeutic strategy. Breast conservation has significant advantages over mastectomy in terms of breast satisfaction, psychosocial, and sexual well-being. Compared to oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery, mastectomy was independently associated with decreased breast satisfaction, psychosocial, and sexual well-being, while conventional breast-conserving surgery showed comparable outcomes to oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery in terms of these factors. Breast conservation leads to an improvement in quality of life compared to mastectomy. Oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery does not lead to a decrease in quality of life compared to conventional breast-conserving surgery and offers better outcomes compared to mastectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia Segmentar , Mastectomia , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Mastectomia Segmentar/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Span J Psychol ; 27: e12, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725384

RESUMO

Women with breast cancer show dissatisfaction with their appearance, a perception of loss of femininity and bodily integrity, and dissatisfaction with the outcome of the surgery. Body Appreciation (BA) is defined as positive attitudes toward one's body, beyond satisfaction and dissatisfaction with one's appearance. Although studies about the protective role of BA have increased, to the best of our knowledge, there are no published studies on the association between BA, body dissatisfaction, and distress in participants with breast cancer. The aims of this study are: (a) To analyze whether BA is a moderator of satisfaction with the body from before breast surgery to the one-year follow-up; and (b) to analyze whether BA is a moderator of distress from before breast surgery to the one-year follow-up. The sample consisted of 115 women diagnosed with breast cancer. Several hierarchical regression analyses were conducted. The results indicated that BA moderated the association between the appearance evaluation before the surgery and the appearance evaluation 12 months after the surgery. Although BA was a significative predictor of distress, it was not a moderator of distress from the moment before breast surgery to the one-year follow-up. This study highlights the importance of evaluating the construct of BA in participants with breast cancer using longitudinal designs and developing psychological interventions that focus on increasing BA.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama , Satisfação Pessoal , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Longitudinais , Adulto , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Idoso , Insatisfação Corporal/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia
7.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 31(7): 4498-4511, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q real-time engagement and communication tool (REACT) was developed to aid with BREAST-Q score interpretation and guide patient-centered care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the perspectives of patients and providers on the design, functionality, and clinical utility of REACT and refine the REACT based on their recommendations. METHODS: We conducted three patient focus groups with women who were at least 6 postoperative months from their postmastectomy breast reconstruction, and two provider focus groups with plastic surgeons, breast surgeons, and advanced practice providers. Focus groups were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed thematically. RESULTS: A total of 18 breast reconstruction patients and 14 providers participated in the focus groups. Themes identified by thematic analysis were organized into two categories: (1) design and functionality, and (2) clinical utility. On the design and functionality of REACT, four major themes were identified: visual appeal and usefulness; contextualizing results; ability to normalize patients' experiences, noting participants' concerns; and suggested modifications. On the clinical utility of REACT, three major themes were identified: potential to empower patients to communicate with their providers; increase patient and provider motivation to engage with the BREAST-Q; and effective integration into clinical workflow. CONCLUSION: Patients and providers in this qualitative study indicated that with some modifications, REACT has a great potential to elevate the clinical utility of the BREAST-Q by enhancing patient-provider communication that can lead to patient-centered, clinically relevant action recommendations based on longitudinal BREAST-Q scores.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Grupos Focais , Mamoplastia , Mastectomia , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mastectomia/psicologia , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Comunicação , Relações Médico-Paciente , Adulto , Prognóstico , Seguimentos , Idoso , Participação do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente
8.
J Surg Oncol ; 129(7): 1192-1201, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Missing data can affect the representativeness and accuracy of survey results, and sexual health-related surveys are especially at a higher risk of nonresponse due to their sensitive nature and stigma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the proportion of patients who do not complete the BREAST-Q Sexual Well-being relative to other BREAST-Q modules and compare responders versus nonresponders of Sexual Well-being. We secondarily examined variables associated with Sexual Well-being at 1-year. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent breast reconstruction from January 2018 to December 2021 and completed any of the BREAST-Q modules postoperatively at 1-year was performed. RESULTS: The 2941 patients were included. Of the four BREAST-Q domains, Sexual Well-being had the highest rate of nonresponse (47%). Patients who were separated (vs. married, OR = 0.69), whose primary language was not English (vs. English, OR = 0.60), and had Medicaid insurance (vs. commercial, OR = 0.67) were significantly less likely to complete the Sexual Well-being. Postmenopausal patients were significantly more likely to complete the survey than premenopausal patients. Lastly, autologous reconstruction patients were 2.93 times more likely to respond than implant-based reconstruction patients (p < 0.001) while delayed (vs. immediate, OR = 0.70, p = 0.022) and unilateral (vs. bilateral, OR = 0.80, p = 0.008) reconstruction patients were less likely to respond. History of psychiatric diagnosis, aromatase inhibitors, and immediate breast reconstruction were significantly associated with lower Sexual Well-being at 1-year. CONCLUSION: Sexual Well-being is the least frequently completed BREAST-Q domain, and there are demographic and clinical differences between responders and nonresponders. We encourage providers to recognize patterns in nonresponse data for Sexual-Well-being to ensure that certain patient population's sexual health concerns are not overlooked.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Saúde Sexual , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Qualidade de Vida , Seguimentos , Idoso , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Prognóstico
9.
Qual Life Res ; 33(7): 1937-1947, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656406

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Individuals with gender dysphoria (GD) may request hormone therapy and various surgical operations to change their physical characteristics. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of two treatments, mastectomy and gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT), on adults with GD who were assigned female at birth (GD AFAB). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we gathered data from a total of 269 individuals in three groups: (a) untreated group (n = 121), (b) GAHT group (n = 84) who had been receiving treatment for at least 6 months, and (c) GAHT-MAST group (n = 64) who had been using GAHT for at least 6 months and had undergone mastectomy at least 3 months prior. All participants were asked to complete the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), the Body Uneasiness Test (BUT), and the World Health Organization's Quality of Life Questionnaire- Brief Form, Turkish Version (WHOQOL-BREF-Tr). RESULTS: We found that individuals in the untreated group had higher psychopathological symptoms and body uneasiness scores, and lower quality of life scores compared to both GAHT and GAHT-MAST groups. There was no difference in psychopathology between the GAHT-MAST group and the GAHT group, but body uneasiness scores were lower, and quality of life scores were higher in the GAHT-MAST group. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that individuals receiving GAHT improved mental health, body satisfaction, and overall quality of life. Combining mastectomy with GAHT may further enhance these benefits.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Disforia de Gênero , Mastectomia , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Disforia de Gênero/psicologia , Disforia de Gênero/cirurgia , Disforia de Gênero/tratamento farmacológico , Mastectomia/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Masculino , Psicopatologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia
10.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 25(4): 1205-1212, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38679979

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is a common disease that affects women globally and causes physical and emotional challenges. Breast reconstructive surgery aims to restore the shape of the breast after a mastectomy. Two common approaches used today are tissue-based or autologous and implant-based reconstruction. Autologous breast reconstruction has the advantage of being more affordable, but the resulting shape is less attractive. At the same time, the implant technique produces a more pleasing shape at a more expensive cost. OBJECTIVE: To compare the level of patients' satisfaction after breast reconstruction using the implant technique with the autologous technique using the Breast-Q questionnaire. METHODS: This research was a meta-analytic study to compare patients' satisfaction levels with breast reconstruction using the autologous technique compared with the implant technique. We searched several research articles from PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library from 2014 to 2023. Then, we conducted an analysis using Revman 5.4. The results of the study were presented in a forest plot diagram. RESULTS: From the search results, there were 3980 studies. Then, exclusion and inclusion were carried out, and the results obtained were 16 research articles. Of the 16 studies, analysis was then carried out, and the results obtained were satisfaction in breast patients with a sample size of 7284. The standard result of the mean difference was 0.55 (95% CI 0.41-0.68) p < 0.00001. Satisfaction with the reconstruction results with a sample size of 2935. The standard result of the mean difference was 0.48 (95% CI 0.28-0.69) p < 0.00001. Patients' sexual satisfaction with a sample size of 7149. The standard result of the mean difference was 0.27 (95% CI 0.17-0.37) p < 0.00001. Patients' satisfaction with nipple shapes with a sample of 426. The standard result of the mean difference was 0.22 (95% CI -0.00-0.44) p = 0.06. Patients' satisfaction with plastic surgeons with a sample size of 272. The standard result of the mean difference was 0.52 (95% CI 0.25-0.80) p= 0.0002. CONCLUSION: The autologous breast reconstruction technique is better than the implant-based reconstruction technique in terms of patient satisfaction with the breast, reconstruction outcome, sexual satisfaction, nipple shapes, and plastic surgeons based on the Breast-Q questionnaire. The findings of this comprehensive study indicate that breast cancer survivors who choose autologous reconstruction have higher levels of satisfaction across multiple domains than those who decide implant-based reconstruction.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama , Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Mastectomia , Satisfação do Paciente , Humanos , Feminino , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Mastectomia/métodos , Transplante Autólogo , Implante Mamário/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 24(4): e226-e231, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503614

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) entails complete removal of the breast tissue and the nipple and areola complex (NAC) with preservation of as much of the overlying skin as possible. The preservation of the natural skin envelope during SSM improves the aesthetic outcome of immediate breast reconstruction, but the lack of NAC determines that the reconstructed breast remains anatomically incomplete with not always satisfactory final results. For this purpose, the aim of the present study was to investigate and evaluate the impact of nipple reconstruction after skin sparing and skin reducing mastectomy on the patients' perception and intimate life. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This was a comparative single-center prospective study that involved 42 patients underwent NAC reconstruction after SSM. A pre- and postoperative quality-of-life and psychological questionnaires Breast-Q questionnaire (Breast Conserving therapy module) were given to all the patients before the surgery and 6 months after. The statistical analysis with chi-square test was performed. RESULTS: After 6 months a prevalence of patients reported to be very satisfied in regard to shape, appearance, naturalness, projection, position and symmetry. The study shows an overall improvement in all the psychological items analyzed with statistically significant difference regarding: "patient's satisfaction," "self-confidence," "appearance of the breast." CONCLUSION: The authors believe that the NAC reconstruction has useful functional and aesthetic results particularly appreciated by patients who feel demoralized after breast demolition surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Mamilos , Satisfação do Paciente , Qualidade de Vida , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Humanos , Feminino , Mamilos/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Mastectomia/psicologia , Seguimentos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Psychooncology ; 33(3): e6311, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previvor is a term applied to a person with an identified, elevated lifetime cancer risk but without an actual cancer diagnosis. Previvorship entails the selection of risk management strategies. For women with a genetic mutation that increases their predisposition for a breast cancer diagnosis, bilateral risk-reducing mastectomy (BRRM) is the most effective prevention strategy. However, BRRM can change a woman's breast appearance and function. The purpose of this qualitative metasynthesis (QMS) was to better understand the decision-making process for BRRM among previvors. METHODS: A theory-generating QMS approach was used to analyze and synthesize qualitative findings. Research reports were considered for inclusion if: (1) women over 18 years of age possessed a genetic mutation increasing lifetime breast cancer risk or a strong family history of breast cancer; (2) the sample was considering, or had completed, BRRM; (3) the results reported qualitative findings. Exclusion criteria were male gender, personal history of breast cancer, and research reports which did not separate findings based on cancer diagnosis and/or risk-reduction surgery. RESULTS: A theory and corresponding model emerged, comprised of seven themes addressing the decision-making process for or against BRRM. While some factors to decision-making were decisive for surgery, others were more indefinite and contributed to women changing, processing, or suspending their decision-making for a period of time. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of the decision previvors make about BRRM, physical and psychosocial well-being should be considered and promoted through shared decision-making in the clinical setting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto , Mastectomia/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Risco , Mutação , Comportamento de Redução do Risco
13.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 205(3): 425-438, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492162

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Depression is one of the main psychological responses experienced by patients with breast cancer perioperatively. Therefore, this review aimed to synthesize the prevalence rate of depression preoperatively among patients with breast cancer. METHODS: Six databases were searched for published articles, which recruited female patients aged 18 years and above, diagnosed with breast cancer and planned for breast surgery. Grey literatures were searched from ProQuest Theses and Dissertations, Science.gov and CogPrints. Studies published in English from the inception of databases to January 2023 were considered. Two reviewers screened, extracted, and appraised the data independently. Joanna Briggs Institute data collection form was used for data collection. Hoy's Risk of Bias Tool was utilized to assess the individual study's quality. Review Manager 5.4 software was utilized for meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses were conducted to explore the reasons for any heterogeneity. Publication bias was evaluated by Egger's test and funnel plot. RESULTS: Twenty studies involving 32,143 patients with breast cancer were included. Meta-analyses revealed an overall preoperative prevalence of 30% among all studies. Subgroup analyses showed that studies conducted in the Middle East and North Africa used purposive sampling, with patients undergoing mastectomy and lumpectomy and with moderate risk of bias reported higher prevalence of preoperative depression (54%, 44%, 40%, and 49%, respectively) as compared to other respective subgroups. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of preoperative depression among women with breast cancer indicated the need for health care professionals to provide more psychological support to them.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Depressão , Mastectomia , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Período Pré-Operatório
14.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 205(1): 147-157, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For many, breast reconstruction following mastectomy (BR) forms an integral part of breast cancer survivorship. For those considering BR, provision of information is essential to allow informed decisions. Using free-text responses from a survey of breast cancer survivors, this study aims to understand current gaps in information regarding BR. METHOD: At the end of an online survey assessing BR experiences, participants were asked the open-ended question: "Thinking about women who may experience BR in the future, is there anything you think needs to change so that they have a better experience?". Responses were analysed to identify common themes. RESULTS: 3384 people completed the survey with 2,077 (61%) responding to the open-ended question. Three themes were identified: (1) content of information, (2) managing expectations, and (3) information sources, each associated with multiple subthemes. Information wanted in theme (1) covered a range of topics including BR options, risks, recovery and 'going flat.' Information on BR's psychological impact was also needed, with comments indicating many were not prepared for this. Theme (2) stressed the importance of realistic information about BR outcomes and processes to reduce discrepancies between expectations and experiences. In theme (3), peer insights and photos were important sources of realistic information. CONCLUSION: Multiple gaps exist in BR-related information available to women. BR information needs to be comprehensive, realistic, and provided at the right time to allow informed decision-making. Developing strategies to strengthen existing information provision as well as new resources to fill information gaps might enhance BR experiences.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Mastectomia , Humanos , Feminino , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Idoso , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto
15.
Am J Surg ; 231: 106-112, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As survivorship for breast cancer continues to improve, emphasis of care falls upon improving patients' quality of life. Understanding physical and mental health in the preoperative period is needed to aid surgical decision making and improve patient experience. METHODS: Consecutive patients awaiting total mastectomy (TM), TM with immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) and breast conserving surgery (BCS) were prospectively recruited. Scores for PHQ-9, GAD-7, Breast-Q, EQ5D(5L), PEG were collected preoperatively. Association was measured with multivariate analyses. RESULTS: 477 participants (374 BSC, 46 â€‹TM, 84 IBR) were included. Younger patients and those choosing IBR reported worse depression and anxiety symptoms. Clinical tumor features did not affect patient reported outcomes. Higher Breast-Q scores were seen with BCS and lower scores with TM. CONCLUSIONS: Patients scheduled for IBR and younger patients reported worse symptoms of depression and anxiety, regardless of clinical features. This will help with surgical decision making and identify patients in need for additional perioperative supports.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia
16.
Sex Med Rev ; 12(2): 164-177, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185919

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Considering the increasing women's awareness of health promotion and disease prevention programs, mutation carriers are inevitably asked to face important decisions concerning the possibility of undergoing prophylactic mastectomy. Risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) has become increasingly more common, although it has a significant impact on women's quality of life and sexual well-being. OBJECTIVES: The systematic review aims to evaluate the impact of RRM on the sexuality of women with breast cancer. METHODS: According to Cochrane Collaboration guidelines and the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement, the study quantified the effects of frontline work on the mental health of healthcare workers. This review followed the PRISMA guidelines. Three databases were systematically searched from inception to December 2022. The expression ("sexuality" OR "sexual" OR "sex") AND ("prophylactic mastectomy" OR "risk-reducing mastectomy") was searched in PubMed, Ovid Medline, and Embase. Twenty-two articles published in English until 2022 were selected. RESULTS: Two studies investigated sexual experience after risk-reducing surgeries as a single outcome, while other studies analyzed the relationship between sexuality and psychosocial outcomes, risk perception, and satisfaction. In all of the included studies, significant findings in sexual dysfunction were found. The most reported problems were related to sexual satisfaction and attractiveness, body image, and loss of femininity. Last, women reported changes in the relationship with their partners. CONCLUSION: RRM has a major impact on body image that affects sexual functioning and quality of life. These implications must be considered during treatment selection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia Profilática , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia/métodos , Mastectomia/psicologia , Mastectomia Profilática/métodos , Mastectomia Profilática/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Sexualidade
17.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 25(1): 103-108, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38285773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of breast absence on women's lived experiences is not well studied in Sub-Saharan Africa particularly in Ethiopia, with implications for service design. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of Ethiopian women after mastectomy due to breast cancer. METHODS: A qualitative study approach was used to explore the experiences of women who underwent a mastectomy at the oncology unit of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital. Before the commencement of the study, consent was obtained from each respondent. An in-depth interview was conducted with twelve post-mastectomy women using a semi-structured interview guide. Audio-recorded data were transcribed verbatim and translated into English. Data were coded, sorted, and themes were developed manually based on the thematic analysis. RESULTS: Five themes illustrating the impact on the women's life after mastectomy were identified and categorized into (1) Perceived alteration in physical and psychosocial aspects, (2) Perceived social support, and adapting to life after mastectomy. CONCLUSION: Our finding suggests that women who underwent mastectomy need holistic care including physical, psychosocial, and emotional support from their family, society, and healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Mastectomia/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Apoio Social , Pessoal de Saúde
18.
J Adv Nurs ; 80(5): 1967-1983, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37974499

RESUMO

AIM: To obtain an in-depth understanding of women's decision-making experiences related to mastectomy. DESIGN: A descriptive qualitative interview study. METHODS: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted face-to-face with 27 Chinese women with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy at two tertiary hospitals in mainland China between September 2020 and December 2021 after obtaining the appropriate ethical approvals. Interviews were conducted in Mandarin. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Mean age of participants was 48 years (range 31-70). Most participants had low education, low monthly family income, had a partner and health insurance, had been diagnosed with early breast cancer, and had not undergone reconstructive surgery. Six categories related to decision-making experiences emerged: (1) Emotions affecting decision-making, (2) Information seeking for decision-making, (3) Beliefs about mastectomy and the breast, (4) Participation in decision-making, (5) People who influence decision-making, and (6) Post-decision reflection. Participants did not mention the role of nurses in their decision-making process for mastectomy. CONCLUSIONS: This study adds valuable insights into the limited evidence on women's experience with decision-making about mastectomy from a Chinese perspective, which is important given the continuing high prevalence of mastectomy in many regions. Future studies from other countries and ethnic groups are recommended to gain diverse knowledge. IMPACT: The findings of this study are useful for nurses and other healthcare professionals in the multidisciplinary team to better support women with breast cancer in their decision-making process regarding mastectomy. The findings could inform future interventions to support treatment decision-making and may be relevant to women living in similar socio-medical contexts to those in mainland China. REPORTING METHOD: The study was reported following the Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research checklist. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: No patient or public contribution.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mastectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Mastectomia/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Tomada de Decisões , Emoções , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 88: 478-486, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38101261

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) can be improved by breast reconstruction following mastectomy. The optimal timing of the reconstruction remains unclear. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 338 women who had undergone immediate or delayed breast reconstruction between 08/2017 and 07/2019 was performed. The postoperative HRQL was assessed using the BREAST-Q Reconstruction Module and the 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36). Regression analysis was performed for group-wise comparison. RESULTS: A total of 146 (43%) patients participated. Seventy-seven patients (53%) had undergone immediate, and 69 patients (47%) had delayed reconstruction. The median age was 55 years (interquartile ratio [IQR] 50-62) for the Immeda group te, and 60 years (IQR 54-65) for the delayed reconstruction group. The median follow-up time was 2.3 years (IQR 1.8-2.9). No difference between the groups was detected in satisfaction with breasts (median 61, IQR 53-71 vs. 62, IQR 46-71, p = 0.62), physical well-being of the chest (median 100, IQR 80-100 vs. 100, IQR 80-100, p = 0.95) or psychosocial well-being (median 69, IQR 54-83 vs. 62, IQR 54-74, p = 0.19). No difference was detected in the SF-36 domains either. CONCLUSIONS: The timing of the breast reconstruction does not affect the postoperative HRQL. Patients with both immediate and delayed breast reconstruction reported high satisfaction with the breast and psychosocial well-being.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mastectomia/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Seguimentos , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente , Mamoplastia/psicologia
20.
BMC Womens Health ; 23(1): 596, 2023 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37953265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As breast cancer incidence rises among younger women, there is a knowledge gap regarding the emotional, physical, and social effects of mastectomy, specifically in a crisis-affected country such as Syria. This study aimed to explore these effects on young women with breast cancer in Syria, taking into consideration the cultural significance of a woman's breast as part of her feminine identity. METHODS: A qualitative design, using semi-structured in-depth interviews with 10 young women with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy, was conducted between June to December 2022. RESULTS: Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data, and five main themes were identified: (1) psychological and emotional well-being (altered self-esteem and femininity, impact on sexual life and relationships, psychological distress associated with mastectomy, mirror trauma and the need for psychological care); (2) body image and breast reconstruction (the dilemma over reconstruction decision, body image and clothing and lack of access to prosthetic information/services); (3) social and interpersonal factors (lack of marriage choices and society's view and stigma); (4) coping mechanisms with mastectomy effects (family support; faith in god almighty; comparing their situation to others and use of prosthetics) and (5) physical health and functioning (physical effects on mobility and function). CONCLUSION: Mastectomy has significant physical, emotional, and social consequences on young women with breast cancer, particularly in crisis-affected Syria where access to breast reconstruction is limited. It is crucial for healthcare professionals to understand these impacts, to raise awareness, encourage early detection, and promote less aggressive treatments to improve women's quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/psicologia , Imagem Corporal/psicologia
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