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1.
J R Soc Interface ; 21(211): 20230478, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320599

RESUMO

Collagen accumulation is often used to characterize skeletal muscle fibrosis, but the role of collagen in passive muscle mechanics remains debated. Here we combined finite-element models and experiments to examine how collagen organization contributes to macroscopic muscle tissue properties. Tissue microstructure and mechanical properties were measured from in vitro biaxial experiments and imaging in dystrophin knockout (mdx) and wild-type (WT) diaphragm muscle. Micromechanical models of intramuscular and epimuscular extracellular matrix (ECM) regions were developed to account for complex microstructure and predict bulk properties, and directly calibrated and validated with the experiments. The models predicted that intramuscular collagen fibres align primarily in the cross-muscle fibre direction, with greater cross-muscle fibre alignment in mdx models compared with WT. Higher cross-muscle fibre stiffness was predicted in mdx models compared with WT models and differences between ECM and muscle properties were seen during cross-muscle fibre loading. Analysis of the models revealed that variation in collagen fibre distribution had a much more substantial impact on tissue stiffness than ECM area fraction. Taken together, we conclude that collagen organization explains anisotropic tissue properties observed in the diaphragm muscle and provides an explanation for the lack of correlation between collagen amount and tissue stiffness across experimental studies.


Assuntos
Colágeno , Matriz Extracelular , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Colágeno/química , Matriz Extracelular/química , Músculos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia
2.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(3): 1045-1063, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322121

RESUMO

Homeobox genes and their encoded DNA-binding homeoproteins are master regulators of development. Consequently, these homeotic elements may regulate key steps in cancer pathogenesis. Here, using a combination of in silico analyses of large-scale patient datasets, in vitro RNAi phenotyping, and in vivo validation studies, we investigated the role of HOXB2 in different molecular subtypes of human breast cancer (BC). The gene expression signatures of HOXB2 are different across distinct BC subtypes due to various genetic alterations, but HOXB2 was specifically downregulated in the aggressive triple-negative subtype (TNBC). We found that the reduced expression of HOXB2 was correlated with the metastatic abilities (epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition) of TNBC cells. Further, we revealed that HOXB2 restrained TNBC aggressiveness by ECM organization. HOXB2 bound to the promoter regions of MATN3 and ECM2 and regulated their transcription levels. Forced expression of HOXB2 effectively prevented TNBC progression and metastasis in a mouse xenograft model. Reduction of HOXB2 and the HOXB2/MATN3/ECM2 transcriptional axis correlated with poor survival in patients with various cancers. Further, we found the long non-coding RNA HOXB-AS1 in complex with SMYD3, a lysine methyltransferase, as an epigenetic switch controlling HOXB2 expression. Overall, our results indicate a tumor-suppressive role of HOXB2 by maintaining ECM organization and delineate potential clinical utility of HOXB2 as a marker for TNBC patients.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Genes Homeobox , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Movimento Celular , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética
3.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 55(1): 1-5, 2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322522

RESUMO

Mechanobiology focuses on a series of important physiopathological processes, such as how cells perceive different mechanomechanical stimuli, the process of intracellular mechanotransduction, and how mechanical signals determine the behavior and fate of cells. From the initial stage of embryogenesis, to developmental biology and regenerative medicine, or even through the whole life process, mechanical signaling cascades and cellular mechanical responses in mechanobiology are of great significance in biomedical research. In recent years, research in the field of mechanobiology has undergone remarkable development. Several scientific consortia around the world have been analyzing mechanobiological processes from different perspectives, aiming to gain insights into the regulatory mechanisms by which mechanical factors affect cell fate determination. In this article, we summarized and reviewed the topics that have attracted more research interests in recent years in the field of mechanobiology, for example, arterial blood vessels, stem cell, and ion channel. We also discussed the potential trends that may emerge, such as nuclear deformation, fibrous extracellular matrix, tumor mechanobiology, cellular mechanotransduction, and piezo ion channels. In addition, we put forward new ideas concerning the limitations of mechanism research and the importance of big data analysis and mining in this field, thereby providing objective support and a systematic framework for grasping the hot research topics and exploring new research directions in the field of mechanobiology.


Assuntos
Mecanotransdução Celular , Transdução de Sinais , Mecanotransdução Celular/fisiologia , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Biofísica
4.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 55(1): 47-52, 2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322520

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the mechanical responses of mitochondrial morphology to extracellular matrix stiffness in human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and the role of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the regulation of mitochondrial mechanoresponses. Methods: Two polyacrylamide (PAAm) hydrogels, a soft one with a Young's modulus of 1 kPa and a stiff one of 20 kPa, were prepared by changing the monomer concentrations of acrylamide and bis-acrylamide. Then, hMSCs were cultured on the soft and stiff PAAm hydrogels and changes in mitochondrial morphology were observed using a laser confocal microscope. Western blot was performed to determine the expression and activation of AMPK, a protein associated with mitochondrial homeostasis. Furthermore, the activation of AMPK was regulated on the soft and stiff matrixes by AMPK activator A-769662 and the inhibitor Compound C, respectively, to observe the morphological changes of mitochondria. Results: The morphology of the mitochondria in hMSCs showed heterogeneity when there was a change in gel stiffness. On the 1 kPa soft matrix, 74% mitochondria exhibited a dense, elongated filamentous network structure, while on the 20 kPa stiff matrix, up to 63.3% mitochondria were fragmented or punctate and were sparsely distributed. Western blot results revealed that the phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK)/AMPK ratio on the stiff matrix was 1.6 times as high as that on the soft one. Immunofluorescence assay results revealed that the expression of p-AMPK was elevated on the hard matrix and showed nuclear localization, which indicated that the activation of intracellular AMPK increased continuously along with the increase in extracellular matrix stiffness. When the hMSCs on the soft matrix were treated with A-769662, an AMPK activator, the mitochondria transitioned from a filamentous network morphology to a fragmented morphology, with the ratio of filamentous network decreasing from 74% to 9.5%. Additionally, AMPK inhibition with Compound C promoted mitochondrial fusion on the stiff matrix and significantly reduced the generation of punctate mitochondria. Conclusion: Extracellular matrix stiffness regulates mitochondrial morphology in hMSCs through the activation of AMPK. Stiff matrix promotes the AMPK activation, resulting in mitochondrial fission and the subsequent fragmentation of mitochondria. The impact of matrix stiffness on mitochondrial morphology can be reversed by altering the level of AMPK phosphorylation.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Compostos de Bifenilo , Matriz Extracelular , Pironas , Tiofenos , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/análise , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Matriz Extracelular/química , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Hidrogéis/análise , Hidrogéis/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias , Acrilamidas/análise , Acrilamidas/metabolismo
5.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 55(1): 13-18, 2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322528

RESUMO

Nanodrugs are widely utilized in the biomedical fields, exhibiting immense potential in cancer therapy in particular. However, tumors exist in an extremely complicated microenvironment where substances like collagen are continuously deposited and remodeled, leading to significant alterations in the mechanical properties of the extracellular matrix (ECM) during tumor development. Previous research has primarily focused on the specific physicochemical properties of nanodrugs, such as particle size, electric charge, shape, surface chemistry, etc., and their effects on cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, and in vivo pharmacokinetics. Limited studies have been done to explore the impact of ECM mechanical properties on nanodrug delivery. In this review, we systematically summarized the relevant research findings on this topic from the perspective of the characteristics and testing methods of tumor ECM mechanics. Additionally, we made a thorough discussion of the potential mechanical and biological mechanisms involved in nanodrug delivery. We proposed several noteworthy research directions. Regarding the overall strategy, there is a need to emphasize targeted delivery that combines ECM mechanics and nanomechanics to achieve precise drug delivery. Regarding the spatial aspect, attention should be given to the nonlinear spatial mechanical heterogeneity within the interior of solid tumors and the construction of mechanic microenvironment-adaptive nanocarriers to improve the delivery efficiency. Regarding the temporal aspect, emphasis should be placed on the dynamic development and changes in the mechanical microenvironment during solid tumor growth and treatment processes. Based on the stromal mechanical characteristics of the tumor tissues of individual patients, personalized treatment strategies can be formulated, which will enhance treatment specificity and efficacy. In addition, issues such as mechanically targeted nanodrug delivery, degradation, and metabolism under dynamic ECM mechanical conditions warrant further investigation.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
6.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1377, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355941

RESUMO

Injectable biomaterials have garnered increasing attention for their potential and beneficial applications in minimally invasive surgical procedures and tissue regeneration. Extracellular matrix (ECM) hydrogels and porous synthetic polymer microspheres can be prepared for injectable administration to achieve in situ tissue regeneration. However, the rapid degradation of ECM hydrogels and the poor injectability and biological inertness of most polymeric microspheres limit their pro-regenerative capabilities. Here, we develop a biomaterial system consisting of elastic porous poly(l-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (PLCL) microspheres mixed with ECM hydrogels as injectable composites with interleukin-4 (IL-4) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) dual-release functionality. The developed multifunctional composites have favorable injectability and biocompatibility, and regulate the behavior of macrophages and myogenic cells following injection into muscle tissue. The elicited promotive effects on tissue regeneration are evidenced by enhanced neomusle formation, vascularization, and neuralization at 2-months post-implantation in a male rat model of volumetric muscle loss. Our developed system provides a promising strategy for engineering bioactive injectable composites that demonstrates desirable properties for clinical use and holds translational potential for application as a minimally invasive and pro-regenerative implant material in multiple types of surgical procedures.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Matriz Extracelular , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Porosidade , Microesferas , Hidrogéis , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338770

RESUMO

Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) is closely related to some metabolic disorders, such as central obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs), such as semaglutide, may have therapeutic roles in MASLD associated with T2D. This study aims to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of semaglutide on MASLD in terms of progression from liver steatosis to fibrosis. We characterized exosomes from ten patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) before (T0) and after 12 months (T12) of treatment with once-weekly subcutaneous semaglutide. Six of ten patients were considered responders to therapy (R) based on MASLD severity downgrading by at least one class according to a validated ultrasonographic (US) score. Normal hepatocytes (HEPA-RG) and stellate (LX-2) cells were challenged with exosomes from R and NR patients, isolated before and after 12 months of therapy. Exosomes from both R and NR patients isolated at T0 significantly affected LX-2 viability. After 12 months of treatment, only those isolated from R patients restored cell viability, whereas those from NR patients did not. No effects were observed on HEPA-RG cells. Exosomes at T12 from R but not from NR patients significantly decreased the production of α-SMA, a marker of LX-2 activation, a liver stellate cell model, and ph-SMAD2 and CTGF, involved in fibrosis processes. TGF-ß1 was not modulated by the exosomes of R and NR patients. As a downstream effect, Vimentin, Collagen 1A1, and Fibronectin extracellular matrix components were also downregulated, as measured by droplets digital PCR. In conclusion, these results shed light on the potential effectiveness of semaglutide in improving liver fibrosis in MASLD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Exossomos , Fígado Gorduroso , Peptídeos Semelhantes ao Glucagon , Doenças Metabólicas , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Matriz Extracelular , Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose
8.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1326, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351061

RESUMO

Heparan sulfate (HS) polysaccharides are major constituents of the extracellular matrix, which are involved in myriad structural and signaling processes. Mature HS polysaccharides contain complex, non-templated patterns of sulfation and epimerization, which mediate interactions with diverse protein partners. Complex HS modifications form around initial clusters of glucosamine-N-sulfate (GlcNS) on nascent polysaccharide chains, but the mechanistic basis underpinning incorporation of GlcNS itself into HS remains unclear. Here, we determine cryo-electron microscopy structures of human N-deacetylase-N-sulfotransferase (NDST)1, the bifunctional enzyme primarily responsible for initial GlcNS modification of HS. Our structures reveal the architecture of both NDST1 deacetylase and sulfotransferase catalytic domains, alongside a non-catalytic N-terminal domain. The two catalytic domains of NDST1 adopt a distinct back-to-back topology that limits direct cooperativity. Binding analyses, aided by activity-modulating nanobodies, suggest that anchoring of the substrate at the sulfotransferase domain initiates the NDST1 catalytic cycle, providing a plausible mechanism for cooperativity despite spatial domain separation. Our data shed light on key determinants of NDST1 activity, and describe tools to probe NDST1 function in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Heparitina Sulfato , Sulfotransferases , Humanos , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Heparitina Sulfato/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Sulfotransferases/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo
9.
Biochem J ; 481(4): 245-263, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358118

RESUMO

Numerous bacteria naturally occur within spatially organised, multicellular communities called biofilms. Moreover, most bacterial infections proceed with biofilm formation, posing major challenges to human health. Within biofilms, bacterial cells are embedded in a primarily self-produced extracellular matrix, which is a defining feature of all biofilms. The biofilm matrix is a complex, viscous mixture primarily composed of polymeric substances such as polysaccharides, filamentous protein fibres, and extracellular DNA. The structured arrangement of the matrix bestows bacteria with beneficial emergent properties that are not displayed by planktonic cells, conferring protection against physical and chemical stresses, including antibiotic treatment. However, a lack of multi-scale information at the molecular level has prevented a better understanding of this matrix and its properties. Here, we review recent progress on the molecular characterisation of filamentous biofilm matrix components and their three-dimensional spatial organisation within biofilms.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Biofilmes , Humanos , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Polímeros/metabolismo
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3988, 2024 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38368499

RESUMO

Prevention of intestinal fibrosis remains an unresolved problem in the treatment of Crohn's disease (CD), as specific antifibrotic therapies are not yet available. Appropriate analysis of fibrosis severity is essential for assessing the therapeutic efficacy of potential antifibrotic drugs. The aim of this study was to develop an observer-independent method to quantify intestinal fibrosis in surgical specimens from patients with CD using structural analysis of the extracellular matrix (ECM). We performed fractal analysis in fibrotic and control histological sections of patients with surgery for CD (n = 28). To specifically assess the structure of the collagen matrix, polarized light microscopy was used. A score to quantify collagen fiber alignment and the color of the polarized light was established. Fractal dimension as a measure for the structural complexity correlated significantly with the histological fibrosis score whereas lacunarity as a measure for the compactness of the ECM showed a negative correlation. Polarized light microscopy to visualize the collagen network underlined the structural changes in the ECM network in advanced fibrosis. In conclusion, observer-independent quantification of the structural complexity of the ECM by fractal analysis is a suitable method to quantify the degree of intestinal fibrosis in histological samples from patients with CD.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn , Humanos , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Fractais , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Colágeno/uso terapêutico , Fibrose
11.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 70(1): 134-142, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372105

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify and validate a 9-gene signature for predicting overall survival (OS) in glioma patients. Analysis of multiple gene expression datasets led to the identification of 135 candidate genes associated with OS in glioma patients. Further analysis revealed that IGFBP2, PBK, NRXN3, TGIF1, DNAJA4, and LGALS3BP were identified as risk factors for OS, while ENAH, PPP2R2C, and SPHKAP were found to be protective factors. Multifaceted validation using different databases confirmed their differential expression patterns in glioma tissues compared to normal brain tissue. By utilizing LASSO regression and multivariate Cox regression analysis, a risk score was developed based on the expression levels of the 9 crucial genes. The risk score showed a significant correlation with OS in both training and validation cohorts and yielded superior predictive accuracy compared to individual gene expression. Moreover, a predictive nomogram incorporating the risk score, WHO grade, age, IDH mutation, and 1p/19q co-deletion was constructed and validated, which exhibited high predictive capabilities for survival rates at different time points. Enrichment analysis revealed the involvement of extracellular matrix-related pathways and immune system signaling in glioma prognosis. Furthermore, the risk score showed a strong correlation with immune cell infiltration and immune checkpoint expression, suggesting its potential role in the tumor immune microenvironment. In conclusion, our study provides a robust 9-gene signature and a predictive nomogram for evaluating the prognosis of glioma patients, offering valuable insights into personalized treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Glioma , Humanos , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Bases de Dados Factuais , Matriz Extracelular , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/genética , Microambiente Tumoral , Proteínas Repressoras , Proteínas de Homeodomínio
12.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; 158: 105568, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309496

RESUMO

Affective state encompasses emotional responses to our physiology and influences how we perceive and respond within our environment. In affective disorders such as depression, cognitive adaptability is challenged, and structural and functional brain changes have been identified. However, an incomplete understanding persists of the molecular and cellular mechanisms at play in affective state. An exciting area of newly appreciated importance is perineuronal nets (PNNs); a specialised component of extracellular matrix playing a critical role in neuroprotection and synaptic plasticity. A scoping review found 24 studies demonstrating that PNNs are still a developing field of research with a promising general trend for stress in adulthood to increase the intensity of PNNs, whereas stress in adolescence reduced (potentially developmentally delayed) PNN numbers and intensity, while antidepressants correlated with reduced PNN numbers. Despite promising trends, limited research underscores the need for further exploration, emphasizing behavioral outcomes for validating affective states. Understanding PNNs' role may offer therapeutic insights for depression and inform biomarker development, advancing precision medicine and enhancing well-being.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Matriz Extracelular , Humanos , Matriz Extracelular/fisiologia , Emoções
13.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297285, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359035

RESUMO

Reconstruction of the biliary system is indispensable for the regeneration of transplantable liver grafts. Here, we report the establishment of the first continuous three-dimensional biliary system scaffold for bile acid excretion using a novel method. We confirmed the preservation of the liver-derived extracellular matrix distribution in the scaffold. In addition, hepatocyte progenitors decellularized via the bile duct by slow-speed perfusion differentiated into hepatocyte- and cholangiocyte-like cells, mimicking hepatic cords and bile ducts, respectively. Furthermore, qRT-PCR demonstrated increased ALB, BSEP, and AQP8 expression, revealing bile canaliculi- and bile duct-specific genetic patterns. Therefore, we concluded that locally preserved extracellular matrices in the scaffold stimulated hepatic progenitors and provided efficient differentiation, as well as regeneration of a three-dimensional continuous biliary system from hepatic cords through bile ducts. These findings suggest that organ-derived scaffolds can be utilized for the efficient reconstruction of functional biliary systems.


Assuntos
Sistema Biliar , Fígado , Hepatócitos , Ductos Biliares , Matriz Extracelular
14.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3257, 2024 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331988

RESUMO

Macrophages assume diverse phenotypes and functions in response to cues from the microenvironment. Earlier we reported an anti-inflammatory effect of Collagenase Santyl® Ointment (CSO) and the active constituent of CSO (CS-API) on wound macrophages in resolving wound inflammation indicating roles beyond debridement in wound healing. Building upon our prior finding, this study aimed to understand the phenotypes and subsets of macrophages following treatment with CS-API. scRNA-sequencing was performed on human blood monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) following treatment with CS-API for 24 h. Unbiased data analysis resulted in the identification of discrete macrophage subsets based on their gene expression profiles. Following CS-API treatment, clusters 3 and 4 displayed enrichment of macrophages with high expression of genes supporting extracellular matrix (ECM) function. IPA analysis identified the TGFß-1 pathway as a key hub for the CS-API-mediated ECM-supportive phenotype of macrophages. Earlier we reported the physiological conversion of wound-site macrophages to fibroblasts in granulation tissue and impairment of such response in diabetic wounds, leading to compromised ECM and tensile strength. The findings that CSO can augment the physiological conversion of macrophages to fibroblast-like cells carry significant clinical implications. This existing clinical intervention, already employed for wound care, can be readily repurposed to improve the ECM response in chronic wounds.


Assuntos
Colagenases , Macrófagos , Humanos , Desbridamento , Colagenases/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fenótipo
15.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 138, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Applications of nonthermal plasma have expanded beyond the biomedical field to include antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, and tissue regeneration. Plasma enhances epithelial cell repair; however, the potential damage to deep tissues and vascular structures remains under investigation. RESULT: This study assessed whether liquid plasma (LP) increased nitric oxide (NO) production in human umbilical vein endothelial cells by modulating endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) phosphorylation and potential signaling pathways. First, we developed a liquid plasma product and confirmed the angiogenic effect of LP using the Matrigel plug assay. We found that the NO content increased in plasma-treated water. NO in plasma-treated water promoted cell migration and angiogenesis in scratch and tube formation assays via vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression. In addition to endothelial cell proliferation and migration, LP influenced extracellular matrix metabolism and matrix metalloproteinase activity. These effects were abolished by treatment with NG-L-monomethyl arginine, a specific inhibitor of NO synthase. Furthermore, we investigated the signaling pathways mediating the phosphorylation and activation of eNOS in LP-treated cells and the role of LKB1-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase in signaling. Downregulation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase by siRNA partially inhibited LP-induced eNOS phosphorylation, angiogenesis, and migration. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that LP treatment may be a novel strategy for promoting angiogenesis in vascular damage. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III , Lesões do Sistema Vascular , Humanos , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Regulação para Cima , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Fosforilação , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo , Água/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Monofosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Monofosfato de Adenosina/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia
16.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(9): e2315894121, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377213

RESUMO

The intricate interplay between biomechanical and biochemical pathways in modulating morphogenesis is an interesting research topic. How biomechanical force regulates epithelial cell tubulogenesis remains poorly understood. Here, we established a model of tubulogenesis by culturing renal proximal tubular epithelial cells on a collagen gel while manipulating contractile force. Epithelial cells were dynamically self-organized into tubule-like structures by augmentation of cell protrusions and cell-cell association. Reduction and asymmetric distribution of phosphorylated myosin light chain 2, the actomyosin contractility, in cells grown on soft matrix preceded tube connection. Notably, reducing matrix stiffness via sonication of collagen fibrils and inhibiting actomyosin contractility with blebbistatin promoted tubulogenesis, whereas inhibition of cytoskeleton polymerization suppressed it. CXC chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1) expression was transcriptionally upregulated in cells undergoing tubulogenesis. Additionally, inhibiting actomyosin contractility facilitated CXCL1 polarization and cell protrusions preceding tube formation. Conversely, inhibiting the CXCL1-CXC receptor 1 pathway hindered cell protrusions and tubulogenesis. Mechanical property asymmetry with cell-collagen fibril interaction patterns at cell protrusions and along the tube structure supported the association of anisotropic contraction with tube formation. Furthermore, suppressing the mechanosensing machinery of integrin subunit beta 1 reduced CXCL1 expression, collagen remodeling, and impaired tubulogenesis. In summary, symmetry breaking of cell contractility on a soft collagen gel promotes CXCL1 polarization at cell protrusions which in turn facilitates cell-cell association and thus tubule connection.


Assuntos
Actomiosina , Colágeno , Actomiosina/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Morfogênese , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo
17.
J Immunol Res ; 2024: 4817924, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380081

RESUMO

Background: Ovarian cancer (OV) is characteristic of high incidence rate and fatality rate in the malignant tumors of female reproductive system. Researches on pathogenesis and therapeutic targets for OV need to be continued. This study mainly analyzed the immune-related pathogenesis and discovered the key immunotherapy targets for OV. Methods: WGCNA was used for excavating hub gene modules and hub genes related to the immunity of OV. Enrichment analysis was aimed to analyze the related pathways of hub gene modules. Biological experiments were used for exploring the effect of hub genes on SKOV3 cells. Results: We identified two hub gene modules related to the immunoscore of OV and found that these genes in the modules were related to the extracellular matrix and viral infections. At the same time, we also discovered six hub genes related to the immunity of OV. Among them, KIF26B and CREB3L1 can affect the proliferation, migration, and invasion of SKOV3 cells by the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Conclusions: The local infection or inflammation of ovarian may affect the immunity of OV. KIF26B and CREB3L1 are expected to be potential targets for the immunotherapy of OV.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Matriz Extracelular , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Imunoterapia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/genética , Cinesinas/genética
18.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1336476, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380331

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) accounts for approximately half of all malignant brain tumors, and it remains lethal with a five-year survival of less than 10%. Despite the immense advancements in the field, it has managed to evade even the most promising therapeutics: immunotherapies. The main reason is the highly spatiotemporally heterogeneous and immunosuppressive GBM tumor microenvironment (TME). Accounting for this complex interplay of TME-driven immunosuppression is key to developing effective therapeutics. This review will explore the immunomodulatory role of the extracellular matrix (ECM) by establishing its contribution to the TME as a key mediator of immune responses in GBM. This relationship will help us elucidate therapeutic targets that can be leveraged to develop and deliver more effective immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Humanos , Glioblastoma/terapia , Glioblastoma/patologia , Imunoterapia , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Matriz Extracelular , Microambiente Tumoral
19.
Int Wound J ; 21(2): e14733, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339798

RESUMO

Keloids, pathological scars resulting from skin trauma, have traditionally posed significant clinical management challenges due to their persistence and high recurrence rates. Our research elucidates the pivotal roles of lipids and their derivatives in keloid development, driven by underlying mechanisms of abnormal cell proliferation, apoptosis, and extracellular matrix deposition. Key findings suggest that abnormalities in arachidonic acid (AA) synthesis and non-essential fatty acid synthesis are integral to keloid formation. Further, a complex interplay exists between lipid derivatives, notably butyric acid (BA), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), and the regulation of hyperfibrosis. Additionally, combinations of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with BA and 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-Prostaglandin J2 have exhibited pronounced cytotoxic effects. Among sphingolipids, ceramide (Cer) displayed limited pro-apoptotic effects in keloid fibroblasts (KFBs), whereas sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) was found to promote keloid hyperfibrosis, with its analogue, FTY720, demonstrating contrasting benefits. Both Vitamin D and hexadecylphosphorylcholine (HePC) showed potential antifibrotic and antiproliferative properties, suggesting their utility in keloid management. While keloids remain a prevalent concern in clinical practice, this study underscores the promising potential of targeting specific lipid molecules for the advancement of keloid therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Queloide , Humanos , Queloide/tratamento farmacológico , Queloide/patologia , Matriz Extracelular , Fibrose , Apoptose , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Lipídeos/uso terapêutico , Fibroblastos
20.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 14: 1258246, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362497

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a terminal change of a lung disease that is marked by damage to alveolar epithelial cells, abnormal proliferative transformation of fibroblasts, excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM), and concomitant inflammatory damage. Its characteristics include short median survival, high mortality rate, and limited treatment effectiveness. More in-depth studies on the mechanisms of PF are needed to provide better treatment options. The idea of the gut-lung axis has emerged as a result of comprehensive investigations into the microbiome, metabolome, and immune system. This theory is based on the material basis of microorganisms and their metabolites, while the gut-lung circulatory system and the shared mucosal immune system act as the connectors that facilitate the interplay between the gastrointestinal and respiratory systems. The emergence of a new view of the gut-lung axis is complementary and cross-cutting to the study of the mechanisms involved in PF and provides new ideas for its treatment. This article reviews the mechanisms involved in PF, the gut-lung axis theory, and the correlation between the two. Exploring the gut-lung axis mechanism and treatments related to PF from the perspectives of microorganisms, microbial metabolites, and the immune system. The study of the gut-lung axis and PF is still in its early stages. This review systematically summarizes the mechanisms of PF related to the gut-lung axis, providing ideas for subsequent research and treatment of related mechanisms.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar , Humanos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Matriz Extracelular , Fibroblastos , Metaboloma , Pulmão
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