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Int J Behav Med ; 28(2): 159-161, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765214


Translational sleep science has become a critical and fundamental focus in the field of behavioral medicine. This is the second issue in the special series of the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine focused on the physiological, psychological, social, and environmental concomitants of sleep and human health. The articles included in this issue draw further attention to the range and significance of sleep as a marker of health status and as a target of behavioral intervention. The research included in this series highlights the pervasive manner in which sleep health is intrinsically connected to health risk, behavior, and outcomes. The next decade promises to further behavioral medicine approaches to improving the provision of care and the overall public health through the implementation of translational sleep science research.

Medicina do Comportamento , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Sono
Med J (Ft Sam Houst Tex) ; (PB 8-21-01/02/03): 3-7, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33666904


There is inconsistency in the training of military medical providers on the regulations and procedures outlining US Army-specific psychiatric readiness related competencies. These competencies are necessary to ensure the appropriate categorization of a soldier's psychiatric readiness. There exists a need for a formal, comprehensive training curriculum accessible to all providers that is time- and cost-effective. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there is are additional barriers of social distancing, remote virtual healthcare delivery, and geographic dispersion of healthcare personnel. To address these concerns, we developed a curriculum to target these competencies and deliver them virtually. The curriculum was developed and executed based on Kern's six-step approach to curriculum development, and the objective was to train military behavioral health providers on temporary duty limitations, administrative separations, and medical board referrals based on current US Army policies and procedures. The training was implemented virtually and conducted over the course of 3-hour training sessions to two separate groups. Evaluation of training objectives was conducted via a survey of paired before and after questions, analyzing the change in perceived confidence among learners. Among the 58 respondents, training resulted in statistically significant improvement in confidence in recognizing when a US Army soldier needs a temporary profile, writing a temporary e-profile, deciding when it is critical to contact a US Army soldier's commander, executing administrative separation, deciding when a US Army soldier is at medical retention determination point (MRDP), and in referring a US Army soldier to medical board. Results show the feasibility of virtual training to enhance medical readiness-related competencies of healthcare providers at the enterprise-level to help improve medical readiness. Limitations included immediate and subjective aspects of our results. It is unclear whether our training or similar training sessions resulted in changes in behaviors such as increased profiling or medical board referrals.

Medicina do Comportamento/educação , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Educação a Distância , Medicina Militar/educação , Psiquiatria/educação , /epidemiologia , /transmissão , Humanos , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários
Int J Behav Med ; 28(1): 1-5, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33569758


The consideration of sleep and circadian rhythms in the context of health is a relatively recent development in the history of the field of behavioral medicine. This special issue of the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine recognizes that sleep and circadian rhythms are fundamental to appreciating physiological, psychological, social, and environmental factors in the health and well-being of the population. The articles included in this issue draw attention to the breadth and saliency of sleep as a marker of health status and as a target of behavioral intervention to promote health. Such research highlights the diversity of participants, research methods, and clinical significance of translational sleep science allowing us to recognize the role of sleep in the context of health in new ways. These studies also illustrate progress in integrating theory, employing prospective and longitudinal designs and multimodal and integrative assessments. This introduction to the special issue concludes by discussing challenges and opportunities in the field of behavioral sleep medicine, including those posed by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the need to more effectively provide sleep disorder treatment among underserved populations.

Medicina do Comportamento , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Ritmo Circadiano , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sono
Health Psychol ; 39(11): 945-955, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940526


The study investigated adult outpatient Health Psychology Services appointment attendance, cancellation, and missed appointments (A/C/M). The first objective was to determine which demographic and process factors predicted the probability of A/C/M. The second objective was to determine whether there remained residual significant differences in A/C/M between therapists (i.e., a "therapist effect"), after controlling for explanatory variables. We conducted a practice-based retrospective 2-year cohort study. Three-level multilevel models were constructed and tested to analyze the probability of A/C/M at (1) assessment appointments (N = 1,175) and (2) follow-up appointments (N = 5,441). After controlling for predictor variables, significant therapist effects were found for attendance (10.0% to 13.0%) and cancellation (4.4%) at follow-up appointments (but not assessments), indicating significantly different attendance rates at follow-up between therapists. Predictors of attendance at follow-up included patient age, pretherapy symptom severity scores (including risk and symptom scores), and completion of intake questionnaires. Early morning follow-up appointments were least likely to be canceled, followed by late afternoon and finally midday appointments. Treatment intensity predicted attendance, but among qualified therapists, qualification type and pay level were nonsignificant. No significant predictors of attendance at assessment were detected. Attendance at Health Psychology Services outpatient appointments varies significantly according to patient, therapist, and appointment factors. Key routinely collected variables are predictive of attendance at follow-up. Clinical implications include the potential to identify patients at risk of nonattendance and target engagement interventions to these patients. Research directions include closer examination of variability in follow-up attendance between therapists. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Agendamento de Consultas , Medicina do Comportamento/métodos , Análise Multinível/métodos , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
Int J Behav Med ; 27(5): 487-489, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901389


This is one in a series of statistical guidelines designed to highlight common statistical considerations in behavioral medicine research. The goal is to briefly discuss appropriate ways to analyze and present data in the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine (IJBM). Collectively, the series will culminate in a set of basic statistical guidelines to be adopted by IJBM and integrated into the journal's official Instructions for Authors, and also to serve as an independent resource. If you have ideas for a future topic, please email the Statistical Editor, Suzanne Segerstrom at

Medicina do Comportamento , Humanos
Edumecentro ; 12(3): 221-240, jul.-set. 2020. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124712


RESUMEN Fundamento: el Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad (TDAH) es una perturbación del desarrollo neurológico frecuente en edades pediátricas. Afecta el comportamiento infantil y las relaciones con sus cuidadores primarios. Objetivo: diseñar acciones de intervención educativa en la comunidad para cuidadores primarios de infantes con TDAH. Métodos: se realizó un estudio mixto de tipo triangulación concomitante, en el Policlínico Universitario "Chiqui Gómez Lubián" de Santa Clara, de 2016 a 2019. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos: analítico-sintético, sistematización, inductivo-deductivo, modelación y sistémico-estructural; empíricos: escalas autoadministrables, entrevista abierta y cuestionario a expertos. Resultados: se constató un predominio de mediana capacidad de afrontamiento y adaptación en los cuidadores primarios. Las dimensiones más afectadas de calidad de vida fueron las emociones y conductas, descanso y sueño, y la preparación recibida para brindar cuidados a su familiar. Se diseñó un programa de intervención educativa en la comunidad, basado en la integración del modelo de la adaptación de Callista Roy y el sistema de apoyo educativo de Dorothea Orem; estructurado en cinco temas, con medios de enseñanza conformados con la aplicación de tecnologías educativas. Conclusiones: el programa fue valorado como muy adecuado por los expertos por su contribución a la adaptación, afrontamiento, calidad de vida y satisfacción de cuidadores primarios de infantes con TDAH, en modos adaptativos, con un enfoque grupal, interdisciplinario y sistémico.

ABSTRACT Basis: Attention Deficit /Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is common in pediatric age. It can affect children's behavior and relationships with their primary caregivers. Objective: to design educational intervention actions in the community for primary caregivers of infants with ADHD. Methods: a mixed method study was conducted at the "Chiqui Gómez Lubian" University Polyclinic in Santa Clara, from 2016 to 2019. Theoretical methods were used: analytical-synthetic, systematization, inductive-deductive, modeling and systemic-structural; empirical methods: self-administered scales, open interview and questionnaire for experts. Results: a predominance of medium coping and adaptation capacity in primary caregivers was noted. The most affected indicators of quality of life were emotions and behaviors, rest and sleep, and readiness to provide care for his/her family member. An educational intervention program, based on the integration of Callista Roy's adaptation model and Dorothea Orem's educational support system, was designed in the community ; it was organized under five themes, with learning resources developed by using educational technologies. Conclusions: the program was evaluated by experts as very appropriate for its contribution to adaptation, coping, quality of life and satisfaction of primary caregivers of children with ADHD, in adaptive modes, with a focus group and interdisciplinary and systemic approach.

Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Medicina do Comportamento , Cuidadores , Medicina Comunitária , Programa
Am Psychol ; 75(7): 919-932, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584062


The COVID-19 pandemic has posed unprecedented challenges to health service psychology (HSP) education and training but also presents tremendous opportunities for growth that will persist well past the resolution of this public health crisis. The present article addresses three aims in understanding the challenges and opportunities faced by the HSP education and training community. First, it describes challenges to HSP education and training created by the COVID-19 pandemic, including the need to maintain the integrity of training; facilitate trainee progress; continue clinical service delivery; manage the safety and wellbeing of trainees, faculty, staff, and clients/patients; and adhere to national and local emergency orders. Second, the article summarizes guidance from training organization leadership regarding training program and clinical site responses to these challenges. Several principle-based recommendations called upon training programs to prioritize trainees and their training needs, while urging balance and flexibility in meeting the multiple demands of training programs, institutions, and the public. Third, the article discusses key opportunities for improvement in HSP education and training, including more effective use of competency evaluations; distance technologies in therapy, supervision, and admissions; and reconsideration of internship and degree timing and HSP's identity as a health care profession; and the potential for comprehensive review and redesign of HSP education and training. Embracing these opportunities may help ensure that HSP education and training is preparing its graduates to meet the psychological health care needs of the future. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).

Medicina do Comportamento/educação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Currículo , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Telemedicina , Adulto , Educação de Pós-Graduação/organização & administração , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Telemedicina/organização & administração
Int J Behav Med ; 27(3): 257-261, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32405917


Behavioral medicine research from across the globe has been catalyzed by the quest to understand the interactions between psychological, social, and physiological factors underlying disparities in human health. A more complete biopsychosocial model increasingly integrates advanced clinical and laboratory assessments of relevant environmental chemicals, biological mediators of inflammation, cardiometabolic and endocrine markers, infectious disease exposure, and genetic polymorphisms determined from saliva specimens. The overarching aims are to identify mechanisms, decode moderating processes that translate adversity into risk, and verify the impact of clinical intervention. This special issue of the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine highlights novel contributions of salivary bioscience with emphasis on research utilizing varied research designs (i.e., experimental, longitudinal, dyadic), incorporating a broad array of salivary analytes, and investigating the influence of psychological and social factors on human health.

Medicina do Comportamento/métodos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 40: 1-13, jan.-maio 2020. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1102212


A Psicologia da Saúde tem investigado variáveis e proposto estratégias de prevenção e promoção de problemas de saúde. Especificamente na Análise do Comportamento Aplicada o foco tem sido a alteração e manutenção de comportamentos relacionados à saúde. Por meio de uma revisão de literatura, o objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar estudos, pautados na Análise do Comportamento Aplicada, que apresentassem contribuições à área de Saúde. Para tanto, foram revisadas todas as edições do Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, publicadas entre 2000 e 2015. Os artigos que continham em seus títulos ou resumos, termos relacionados à saúde foram selecionados. Ao todo 160 artigos foram encontrados e após análise dos mesmos, considerando, o objetivo, métodos e os resultados, 11 temas relacionados à saúde foram definidos (adesão, diabetes, problemas alimentares, uso de drogas, procedimentos hospitalares, saúde ocupacional, saúde bucal, atividade física, comportamento autolesivo, problemas de sono e segurança no trânsito). Os estudos baseados nos pressupostos analíticos comportamentais demonstram a aplicabilidade dos conceitos na área de saúde. Além disto, foi também possível identificar e analisar as principais características metodológicas utilizadas e sua eficácia para a alteração de padrões de comportamentos de saúde...(AU)

Health Psychology has investigated variables and proposed strategies to prevent problems or promote health conditions. Specifically in Applied Behavior Analysis, the maintenance and modifications of health-related behaviors has been the focus of interest. By a literature review, the aim of this work was to identify studies, based on Applied Behavior Analysis, that show contributions to the health area. All issues of Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis published between 2000 and 2015 were reviewed. The articles that had, in their title, any healthrelated terms were selected. One hundred and sixty studies were found and after the analysis, considering the objective, methods and results, 11 health themes were defined (compliance, diabetes, feeding problems, drugs use, medical procedures, occupational health, oral health, physical activity, self-injurious behavior, sleeping problems and traffic safety). Studies based on behavior analytical proposals showed the applicability of concepts to the health area. Besides, it was possible to identify and analyze the main methodological characteristics used and also their efficacy to changing health behavior patterns..(AU)

La Psicología de la Salud ha investigado variables y propuesto estrategias para la prevención y promoción de problemas de salud. Específicamente en el Análisis de Comportamiento Aplicado, la atención se ha centrado en cambiar y mantener los comportamientos relacionados con la salud. A través de una revisión de la literatura, el objetivo de este trabajo fue identificar estudios, basados en el Análisis de Comportamiento Aplicado, que presentaran contribuciones al área de Salud. Para este fin, todas las ediciones del Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, publicadas entre 2000 y 2015 En total, 160 artículos fueron encontrados y después del análisis de los mismos, considerando, el objetivo, métodos y resultados, 11 temas relacionados a la salud fueron definidos (adhesión, diabetes, problemas alimentarios, uso de drogas, procedimientos hospitalarios, salud ocupacional, salud bucodental, actividad física, comportamiento autolesivo, problemas de sueño y seguridad en el tránsito). Los estudios basados en los supuestos analíticos comportamentales demuestran la aplicabilidad de los conceptos en el área de salud. Además, fue también posible identificar y analizar las principales características metodológicas utilizadas y su eficacia para la alteración de patrones de comportamientos de salud. Se seleccionaron los artículos que contenían términos relacionados con la salud en sus títulos o resúmenes. Se encontraron un total de 160 artículos y después de analizarlos, considerando el objetivo, los métodos y los resultados, se definieron 11 temas relacionados con la salud (adherencia, diabetes, problemas dietéticos, uso de drogas, procedimientos hospitalarios, salud ocupacional, salud bucodental, actividad física, comportamiento auto-lesivo, problemas para dormir y seguridad vial). Los estudios basados en suposiciones analíticas de comportamiento demuestran la aplicabilidad de los conceptos en el campo de la salud. Además, también fue posible identificar y analizar las principales características metodológicas utilizadas y su efectividad para cambiar los patrones de comportamiento de salud...(AU)

Humanos , Psicologia , Saúde , Análise do Comportamento Aplicada , Comportamento , Medicina do Comportamento
Ter. psicol ; 38(1): 103-118, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115943


Resumen En diciembre de 2019, se informaron casos de neumonía potencialmente mortal en Wuhan, provincia de Hubei, China (COVID-19). Esta enfermedad se ha extendido rápidamente por todo el mundo con miles de casos confirmados y muertes, transformándose en pandemia y desafiado los sistemas de salud pública. No existe aún vacuna ni tratamiento científicamente probado, sin embargo, se ha identificado los comportamientos exactos que pueden evitar el contagio y propagación. El presente artículo sistematiza información disponible inicial sobre psicología y COVID-19. Se discute que gran parte del problema de la enfermedad se puede evitar cambiando los comportamientos de las personas y que la psicología puede ayudar a explicar, prevenir e intervenir para su solución. La psicología cuenta con evidencia científica disponible que explica todos estos fenómenos, evidencia que debe ser puesta en relieve por los mismos actores de las disciplinas a disposición de otras áreas del conocimiento y sobre todo para los tomadores de decisión.

Abstract In December 2019, highly lethal cases of pneumonia were reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China (COVID-19). This disease has spread rapidly around the world with thousands of confirmed cases and deaths, becoming a pandemic and challenging public health systems. There is no vaccine or scientifically proven treatment yet, but the exact behaviours that can prevent transmission and spread have been identified. This article systematizes initial available information on psychology and COVID-19. It is discussed that much of the problem of the disease can be avoided by changing people's behaviors and that psychology can help explain, prevent and intervene to solve it. Psychology has scientific evidence available that explains all these phenomena, evidence that should be highlighted by the same actors in the disciplines available to other areas of knowledge and especially for decision makers.

Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Prevenção Primária , Medicina do Comportamento , Saúde Pública , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Intervenção na Crise , Prevenção Secundária , Prevenção Terciária , Pandemias
J. nurs. health ; 10(4): 20104015, abr.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1104058


Objetivo: identificar na literatura mundial a atuação do psicólogo na saúde mental da população diante da pandemia ocasionada pelo Coronavírus. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada conforme os descritores Pandemias, Saúde Mental e Medicina do comportamento, nas plataformas Google Scholar, PepsiCo e Portal Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior. A amostra foi composta por 17 estudos. Resultados: o Coronavírus está produzindo sofrimentos psicológicos aos sujeitos, sendo assim os psicólogos tiveram que buscar por novas formas de realizar as intervenções psicoterapêuticas. Alguns deles são as consultas online e a manutenção do serviço de saúde com os atendimentos psicológicos hospitalares. Ambos serviços se fazem essenciais diante do enfrentamento ao novo Coronavírus. Conclusões: há limitações e desafios enfrentados pela área da Psicologia, devido às fragilidades e despreparo dos profissionais, por ser uma situação nova e imprevisível.(AU)

Objective: identify in the worldwide literature the performance of psychologist in the mental health of the population in face of the pandemic caused by the coronavirus. Method: integrative review of the literature, carried according to the descriptors Pandemics, Mental Health and Behavior Medicine, on the Google Scholar, PepsiCo and Portal Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel platforms. The sample consisted of 17 studies. Results: the coronavirus, is producing numerous psychological sufferings to the subjects, so psychologist ad to look for new ways to perform psychotherapy interventions. One of them was the online consultations and maintenance of health service with psychological hospital care. Both services are essential in facing the pandemic of the new coronavirus. Conclusion: the limitations and the challenges faced by area of the psychology are presented, due to the fragility and under preparedness of professionals, at it is and new and unpredictable situation.(AU)

Objetivo: identificar en la literatura mundial el desempeño del psicólogo en la salud mental de la población frente a la pandemia causada por el coronavirus. Método: revisión bibliográfica integradora, realizada según los descriptores Pandemias, Salud Mental y Medicina del Comportamiento, en las plataformas Google Scholar, PepsiCo y Portal Coordinación para mejora del personal de educación superior. La muestra consistió en 17 estudios. Resultados: o coronavírus está produciendo sufrimientos psicológicos a os sujetos, siendo así os psicólogos tuvieran que buscar por novas formas de realizar intervenciones psicoterapéuticas. Una de las fue a consultas online e manutención del servicio de salde con atendimientos psicológicos hospitaleros. Ambos servicios fase-se esencias diente do enfrentamiento a nuevo coronavirus. Conclusiones: hay limitaciones y retos a los que se enfrenta el área de la Psicología, debido a la fragilidad y falta de preparación de los profesionales, ya que se trata de una situación nueva e impredecible.(AU)

Medicina do Comportamento , Saúde Mental , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 157, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122341


BACKGROUND: People living with dementia in care homes frequently exhibit "behaviour that challenges". Anti-psychotics are used to treat such behaviour, but are associated with significant morbidity. This study researched the feasibility of conducting a trial of a full clinical medication review for care home residents with behaviour that challenges, combined with staff training. This paper focusses on the feasibility of measuring clinical outcomes and intervention costs. METHODS: People living with moderate to severe dementia, receiving psychotropics for behaviour that challenges, in care homes were recruited for a medication review by a specialist pharmacist. Care home and primary care staff received training on the management of challenging behaviour. Data were collected at 8 weeks, and 3 and 6 months. Measures were Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Nursing Home version (NPI-NH), cognition (sMMSE), quality of life (EQ-5D-5 L/DEMQoL) and costs (Client Services Receipt Inventory). Response rates, for clinical, quality of life and health economic measures, including the levels of resource-use associated with the medication review and other non-intervention costs were calculated. RESULTS: Twenty-nine of 34 participants recruited received a medication review. It was feasible to measure the effects of the complex intervention on the management of behaviour that challenges with the NPI-NH. There was valid NPI-NH data at each time point (response rate = 100%). The sMMSE response rate was 18.2%. Levels of resource-use associated with the medication review were estimated for all 29 participants who received a medication review. Good response levels were achieved for other non-intervention costs (100% completion rate), and the EQ-5D-5 L and DEMQoL (≥88% at each of the time points where data was collected). CONCLUSIONS: It is feasible to measure the clinical and cost effectiveness of a complex intervention for behaviour that challenges using the NPI-NH and quality of life measures. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN58330068. Retrospectively registered, 15 October 2017.

Medicina do Comportamento/economia , Demência/tratamento farmacológico , Demência/psicologia , Assistência Farmacêutica/economia , Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Custo-Benefício , Revisão de Uso de Medicamentos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Casas de Saúde , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
Int J Behav Med ; 27(2): 140-141, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140932


This is one in a series of statistical guidelines designed to highlight common statistical considerations in behavioral medicine research. The goal is to briefly discuss appropriate ways to analyze and present data in the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine (IJBM). Collectively the series will culminate in a set of basic statistical guidelines to be adopted by IJBM and integrated into the journal's official Instructions for Authors, and also to serve as an independent resource. If you have ideas for a future topic, please email the Statistical Editor, Suzanne Segerstrom at

Medicina do Comportamento , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Guias como Assunto , Humanos