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1.
Acad Med ; 97(9): 1321, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098781
2.
JAMA ; 328(6): 527-528, 2022 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35943468
3.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 38-54, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848294

RESUMO

What are the formal potentialities of illness narratives across media and writerly modes? And how can a formalist reading within this genre contribute to an understanding of particularly stigmatized illnesses and conditions? This essay considers Julia Lederer's and Carolyn Lazard's semi-autobiographical works on anorexia nervosa and chronic illness, respectively, and approaches them through the lens of Caroline Levine's new formalist method, which fuses the literary (or artistic more broadly) with the social and political. It concludes that Lederer's and Lazard's imagination and creation of other, alternative worlds-worlds of illness and disability-provide critical insights into the meanings of illness, health, and well-being, and their political implications. In so doing, they also probe at and question the role of medicine in discursive constructions of illness and disability.


Assuntos
Anorexia Nervosa , Medicina na Literatura , Humanos , Imaginação , Narração , Leitura
4.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 55-76, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848295

RESUMO

In this essay, I outline the colonial origins of the prevailing beliefs and attitudes towards fatness and current justifications for marginalizing fat bodies. I argue that, because the lineages of anti-fatness are beholden to the violence of colonialism and anti-Blackness, any theorization of fat that relies upon the pathological concept of "obesity" reinforces the imaginative purchase this history continues to exert within literary treatments of fat. As a remedy to this, I argue that Carmen Maria Machado's short story "Eight Bites" provides an alternate interpretive framework that invests in the capacity of a fat belly to nourish and even mother bodies as the organ that cares for those bodies the most. By framing weight-loss surgery as a loss to be mourned, Machado challenges the ongoing "duress" caused by anti-fatness and contends that fat can be generative and even reparative, rather than a perpetual signifier of illness and premature death.


Assuntos
Medicina na Literatura , Humanos , Obesidade
5.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 77-97, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848296

RESUMO

The importance of authorial intention has been debated extensively in literary studies. In cognitive literary studies, however, the effects books provoke in readers are of greater relevance. With an unreliable intradiegetic narrator, ambivalent about her denial of hunger, Wintergirls (2009), a US YA anorexia novel, embodies the spiraling network of lies that feeds this condition. This essay takes Wintergirls as a starting point to discuss the therapeutic or harmful effects of literature, over and above the intentions of the writer. Adopting a cognitive literary perspective, this essay proposes the concept of an "unreliable reader," and uses that concept to demonstrate that the novel has a self-triggering potential to reinforce anorexia. This is an unusual approach, inasmuch as it runs counter to previous positive literary criticism of Wintergirls, but it is a perspective in urgent need of reconsideration for the sake of disordered readers.


Assuntos
Medicina na Literatura , Anorexia , Livros , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos
6.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 98-120, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848297

RESUMO

During the siege of Leningrad by the Nazis and their allies between 1941 and 1944 (one of the most deadliest events of World War II), famine caused hundreds of thousands of deaths among the civilian population. How did people react to malnourishment and its impact on the body and mind? The diaries kept by hundreds of ordinary men and women provide an insight into the intimate perception of the famine as these events were unfolding. While the extent of food deprivation is heavily downplayed (even concealed) in Soviet propaganda, it is absolutely central in the diaries. At the crossroads of history and literature, this article examines the challenges of addressing the experience of hunger: the search for resources (linguistic, literary, historical), the attempts at verbalization, and the limits of language. Ultimately, the diarists furnish us with an invaluable testimony of unmitigated malnourishment, giving us the unique opportunity to it see through the eyes of the starving.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , Medicina na Literatura , Inanição , Fome Epidêmica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inanição/história , II Guerra Mundial
7.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 121-146, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848298

RESUMO

This essay examines the challenge of breastfeeding in Thi Bui's The Best We Could Do: An Illustrated Memoir, specifically how the process of learning to feed, significant in both her own and her mother's traumatic entrances into motherhood, enables Bui to face the "terrifying thought" that, upon giving birth, "FAMILY is now something [she has] created." By situating her narrative in the context of feeding her son, Bui amplifies the associations between the act of providing nourishment and the matrilineal responsibility of satiating a hunger for familial connection. In illustrating this association, Bui depicts the nuanced layers of breastfeeding difficulty and failure, especially for women mothering in the context of generational trauma. Within a biomedical context, Bui's narrative illustrates how breastfeeding difficulties, and their emotional toll, may be reminiscent of diasporic losses of cultural and familial connection, prompting practitioners to consider more broadly the roots of their patients' breastfeeding anxieties.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Medicina na Literatura , Aleitamento Materno/psicologia , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Mães/psicologia , Gravidez
8.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 147-166, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848299

RESUMO

Bram Stoker's Dracula, Sheridan Le Fanu's "Carmilla," and Anne Rice's Vampire Chronicles all paint a picture of primeval hunger. But the satiation of this hunger sustains an undead, monstrous existence. Essentially an animated corpse, the vampire embodies what Julia Kristeva has described de facto as waste. The image of the vampire perverts everything that is sacred: signficantly, it reverses the ritual of the Eucharist. Yet in doing so, it fosters an uncanny exploration of theological hunger at the heart of bodily waste. Three different models of vampirism show us how Stoker, Le Fanu, and Rice play with the concept of vital hunger at the heart of waste. At times a monstered mother, at times an uncanny lover, the vampire always feeds, and in feeding spreads waste. This essay asks: how does literary vampirism make use of waste to explore theological anxieties?


Assuntos
Medicina na Literatura , Humanos , Fome
9.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 1-2, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848287
10.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 5-17, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848289
11.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 18-20, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848290
12.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 25-28, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848292
13.
Lit Med ; 40(1): 29-37, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848293
15.
N Engl J Med ; 386(24): 2257-2259, 2022 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687048
16.
Neurol India ; 70(2): 726-728, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532647

RESUMO

Background: Across literary fiction, allusions to medical ailments are common. However, in the bibliography of Stephen King, neurological disorders appear to be present disproportionately. Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the epidemiology of neurologic disorders depicted in the writings of Stephen King. Methods: This study presents data from Stephen King's 60 published novels. The frequency, prevalence, lethality, and mortality of each neurological diagnosis found in the characters that appear in the novels are reported. Results: Forty-eight novels portrayed at least one character with a neurological diagnosis, and in total, 150 characters exhibited a neurological condition. The overall prevalence was 111.2 per 1,000 characters. Their median age was 20 years (range 76), and 61.7% were males. Headache was the most common symptom (35.3%), followed by stroke symptoms in 28.7%. Prevalence was 24.5, 17.8 for headache and epilepsy, respectively. Lethality was 28.7%. The overall mortality rate was 31.9. Conclusions: The epidemiology described in Stephen King's novels parallels that of the real world. The depiction of neurological disorders found in his novels showcases the elevated contribution of neurological disorders to the global burden of the disease, an important message for the readers of his fiction and interest to all neurologists.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Medicina na Literatura , Idoso , Feminino , Cefaleia , Humanos , Masculino , Neurologistas , Pesquisa
18.
BMJ ; 377: o989, 2022 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35474174
19.
BMJ ; 377: o1104, 2022 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35487529
20.
JAMA Cardiol ; 7(2): 127, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35080580
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