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4.
AMA J Ethics ; 22(10): E893-897, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103653

RESUMO

Artist Francisca Lita Sáez considers experience of physicians during Spain's COVID-19 pandemic. Three acrylic and pastel paintings convey defenseless human beings' confrontations with the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus, which is not yet controlled, leaving suffering and death in its wake. A physician-artist collaboration offers a visual representation of the clinical and ethical magnitude of the pandemic and humanity's fight for survival.


Assuntos
Medicina nas Artes , Pinturas , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Espanha
7.
Cell ; 183(2): 285-289, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064981

RESUMO

Tragic events such as pandemics can be remembered as well as foreshadowed by works of art. Paintings by the artists Edvard Munch and John Singer Sargent (1918-19) tell us in real time what it was like to be stricken by the Spanish flu. Paintings by Edward Hopper (1940s and '50s) foretell the lockdown and social distancing of today's COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Influenza Pandêmica, 1918-1919 , Medicina nas Artes , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Pessoas Famosas , História do Século XX , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , I Guerra Mundial
9.
AMA J Ethics ; 22(1): E739-740, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880365

RESUMO

This painting memorializes the lives of people who died in the COVID-19 pandemic and people who have died from police brutality.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Homicídio , Medicina nas Artes , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Polícia , Racismo , Beneficência , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Empatia , Esperança , Humanos , Vida , Obras Pictóricas como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Respiração , Taraxacum
11.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(3): 155-163, sept. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197478

RESUMO

Este artículo profundiza en los acontecimientos narrados en el cuarto episodio de la sexta temporada de la serie House M.D. (título en inglés, en España es conocida como House o Dr. House). En él, el Doctor Chase se ve en el dilema de tratar a un dictador africano. Por un lado, el juramento hipocrático al que está ligado le obliga a sanar a su paciente, sin embargo, su moral individual lo empuja a tomar una decisión fatal. Y es que en eso estriba la peculiaridad ética de esta narración, en el choque de actitudes que codifican lo que se considera «el deber». Entre los principios y los fines, es el territorio en el que Chase se encuentra perdido. Una tierra de nadie que atormenta al profesional de la medicina, en general, y al Doctor Chase, en particular. El análisis cinematográfico dilucidará las claves éticas (temas) y estéticas (estrategias narrativas) de esta obra. El demiurgo que controla los aconteceres de la narración decide que el doctor tome el bando de los fines, aunque eso no signifique que sea lo correcto. Sin pretender ser ejemplo de lo que debiera hacerse en la vida real, esta obra, junto al estudio de la misma, invitan a explorar los límites de la deontología médica


This article delves into the events narrated in the fourth episode of the sixth season of House M.D. In it, Dr. Chase finds himself in the dilemma of treating an African dictator. On the one hand, the Hippocratic oath to which he is bound forces him to heal his patient, however, his individual morale pushes him to make a fatal decision. And it is that, in that lies the ethical peculiarity of this narrative, in the clash of attitudes that codify what is considered «duty». Between principles and ends, it’s the territory in which Chase is lost. A no man’s land that torments the medical professional, in general, and Dr. Chase in particular. Cinematic analysis will elucidate the ethical (themes) and aesthetic keys (narrative strategies) of this work. The demiurge that controls the storytelling happenings decides that the doctor takes the side of the ends, even if that does not mean that it is the right thing to do. Without pretending to be an example of what should be done in real life, this article, with the study of it, invites to explore the limits of medical deontology


Assuntos
Humanos , Medicina nas Artes , Filmes Cinematográficos , Ética Médica , Teoria Ética , Julgamento Moral Retrospectivo , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/ética , Juramento Hipocrático
12.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(3): 165-174, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197479

RESUMO

La trama del Joker nos muestra el surgimiento del antihéroe a partir de Arthur, un individuo con un trastorno llamado afectación pseudobulbar, con antecedentes de abandono y abuso físico severo y maltrato con probable traumatismo encefálico, que vive sin vínculos sociales, carente de afecto, como cuidador primario de una familiar dependiente enteramente de él; el protagonista se mueve en un ambiente adverso, hostil en el que la sociedad que espera que él se comporte como si no tuviera ningún trastorno. un comportamiento normal”. Sin recursos y rechazado por su medio, resulta colateralmente afectado por la reducción de presupuesto para terapia y medicamentos. En un momento decisivo, convergen los diferentes detonantes de sus manifestaciones psicopatológicas que dan paso a la transformación del joker y paradójicamente lo llevarán a ser aceptado socialmente. Joker nos invita a reflexionar sobre la importancia de a los programas de salud mental, los valores humanos, la cultura de la Paz y el buen trato como pilares fundamentales para promover la salud mental en la sociedad. El presente artículo tiene por objetivo el revisitar la fisiopatología de la afección pseudobulbar y establecer los aspectos clínicos, familiares, ambientales y socioculturales potencialmente asociados a la conducta destructiva de Joker


The plot of the Joker shows us the emergence of the antihero from Arthur, an individual with a pseudobulbar disorder, a history of abandonment and severe physical abuse and abuse with probable brain trauma, living without social ties, lacking affection, as a primary caregiver of a relative dependent entirely on him; the protagonist moves in an adverse, hostile environment in which the society that expects him to behave as if he had no disorder. normal behavior. «Without resources and rejected by its means, it is collaterally affected by the reduction of budget for therapy and medications. At a decisive moment, the different triggers of his psychopathological manifestations converge that give way to the transformation of the joker and paradoxically lead him to be socially accepted. Joker invites us to reflect on the importance of mental health programs, human values, the culture of Peace and good treatment as fundamental pillars to promote mental health in society. This article aims to revisit the pathophysiology of the pseudobulbar condition and establish the clinical, family, environmental and sociocultural aspects potentially associated with Joker’s destructive behavior


Assuntos
Humanos , Medicina nas Artes , Filmes Cinematográficos , Transtornos do Humor/fisiopatologia , Sintomas Afetivos/fisiopatologia , Agressão/psicologia , Transtornos do Humor/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia , Saúde Mental , Síndrome , Psicopatologia , Riso/psicologia
13.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(3): 185-191, sept. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197481

RESUMO

Hombres (1950) de Fred Zinnemann y protagonizada por Marlon Brando, es una película que cuenta la historia del teniente Ken Wilcott, quien sufre de paraplejía producto de una herida de bala en la espalda cuando se encontraba de servicio en la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Con la ayuda del Dr. Brock y su prometida Ellen logra sobreponerse a su discapacidad e iniciar su proceso de aceptación y rehabilitación. A través del filme se puede apreciar el proceso que padecen los pacientes con alguna discapacidad, desde la negación y depresión hasta finalmente aceptar su discapacidad y proponerse a establecer un buen futuro. Asimismo, en el presente trabajo se discute la importancia de los principales personajes y sus funciones en torno a una discapacidad: el paciente, el médico, la familia y la sociedad


The Men (1950) by Fred Zinnemann and starring Marlon Brando, is a movie that shows the story of Lieutenant Ken Wilcott, who suffers from paraplegia due to a gunshot wound in the back when he was on duty in World War II. With the help of Dr. Brock and his fiancée Ellen he manages to overcome his disability and begin his process of acceptance and rehabilitation. Through the film we can see the process suffered by patients with disabilities, from denial and depression to finally accept their disability and set out to establish a good future. In the same way, we discuss the importance of the main characters and their functions around a disability: the patient, the doctor, the family and society


Assuntos
Humanos , Medicina nas Artes , Filmes Cinematográficos , Paraplegia/reabilitação , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Relações Médico-Paciente , Apoio Social , Família/psicologia , Paraplegia/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia
14.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(3): 193-197, sept. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197482

RESUMO

El presente trabajo aborda la condición de ser médico desde dos lenguajes diferentes: el literario y el cinematográfico, sintetizando aspectos registrados en la bibliografía sobre este tema y cotejándolos con lo citado en un filme documental español reciente que alterna históricas filmaciones de médicos virtuosos con las respectivas aportaciones de destacados profesionales de la Medicina


This paper addresses the condition of being a doctor from two different languages: literary and cinematographic by synthesizing aspects bibliographically recorded on this issue and comparing it with that cited in a recent Spanish documentary film where historical filming of virtuous doctors alternates with the corresponding considerations of leading medical professionals


Assuntos
Humanos , Medicina nas Artes , Filmes Cinematográficos , Medicina na Literatura , Papel do Médico , Idioma
15.
Rev. med. cine ; 16(3): 199-212, sept. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197483

RESUMO

Diversas teorías han tratado de explicar los síntomas del pintor Vincent Willem van Gogh (Zundert, 3º de marzo de 1853 - Auvers-sur-Oise, 29 de julio de 1890), uno de los máximos exponentes del postimpresionismo. La fuente principal de información, junto a los informes médicos especializados de quienes le trataron en las diferentes etapas de su vida, es la dilatada correspondencia sostenida con su hermano Theodorus «Theo» van Gogh (Zundert, 1 de mayo de 1857 – Utrecht, 25 de enero de 1891), alrededor de 800 cartas. El loco del pelo rojo (1956) de Vincente Minelli, representa una estupenda aproximación a las tribulaciones del artista, rodada en muchos de los escenarios reales que él mismo habitó, e interpretada por el recientemente fallecido actor Kirk Douglas, a los 103 años de edad. Considerando las enfermedades psiquiátricas padecidas por Vincent van Gogh, y su dependencia a sustancias como el tabaco y el alcohol, podríamos encontrarnos ante un caso de patología dual


Various theories have tried to explain the symptons suffered by the painter Vincent Willem van Gogh (Zundert, 3º de marzo de 1853 - Auvers-sur-Oise, 29 de julio de 1890), one of the greatest exponents of post-impresionism. The main source of information, in addition to the medical reports of the specialists who treated him at various stages of his existence, is the extensive correspondence he sustained with his brother Theodorus «Theo» van Gogh (Zundert, 1 de mayo de 1857 - Utrecht, 25 de enero de 1891), almost 800 letters. Lust for life (1956) of Vincente Minelli, represents a remarkable approach to the tribulations of the artista, filmed in many of the real places in which he lived, and performed by the recently deceased actor Kirk Douglas, at 103 years of age. Considering the psychiatric pathology of Vincent van Gogh, as well as his possible dependence on substances such tobacco and alcohol, we understand that we could find ourselves in a case of dual pathology


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , Medicina nas Artes , Filmes Cinematográficos , Transtornos Mentais/história , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/história , Pinturas/história
18.
PLoS Biol ; 18(8): e3000815, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760062

RESUMO

Two illustrations integrate current knowledge about severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronaviruses and their life cycle. They have been widely used in education and outreach through free distribution as part of a coronavirus-related resource at Protein Data Bank (PDB)-101, the education portal of the RCSB PDB. Scientific sources for creation of the illustrations and examples of dissemination and response are presented.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pesquisa Biomédica/educação , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Medicina nas Artes , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Animais , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Apresentação de Dados , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Mucosa Respiratória/virologia
19.
Eur. j. anat ; 24(supl.1): 23-28, ago. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195285

RESUMO

Nowadays menstrual blood is the only kind that neo-capitalist patriarchal decorum will not tolerate. At a time when the visual industry has successfully monetarised the "seduction of blood", the representation of this type of female fluid remains completely barred and relegated to invisibility. The identification of menstrual blood with pollution has become a hegemonic cultural construct that seeks to safeguard the ideals of purity and whiteness through which women's bodies are socially coded. Contemporary artistic practice has reacted against this state of affairs by turning this cultural dirtiness into a political tool with which to expand the limits of female body experience. From the early 1970s to the present, a number of women artists have made crucial contributions to this field of work known as menstrual art, in which the primary aim has been to formulate an alternative image of periods that could put women back in control of the most intimate aspects of their physical and emotional identity


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Medicina nas Artes , Asco , Menstruação/fisiologia , Ciclo Menstrual/sangue , Ciclo Menstrual/fisiologia
20.
J Clin Psychol ; 76(8): 1423-1437, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645219

RESUMO

The primary aim of this issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session is to demonstrate the myriad ways in which movies, their viewing and discussion, can be used to serve therapeutic and educational purposes. It collects together eight essays, an empirical study, and a film script that offer shifting perspectives on questions that are of interest to all therapists, irrespective of their theoretical persuasions: What can be learned about the transformative powers of psychotherapy by studying how filmmakers inspire deeply felt and memorable experiences in their audiences? What are the beneficial and detrimental effects of the ways in which psychotherapists and their patients have been portrayed in films and TV programs? What psychological functions can be served by recommending that a patient watch a particular film? When is it advisable to inquire about the characters in films who have served as the role models that played an important role in the formation of a patient's sense of self? Can films that portray what is best about human beings inspire life-changing forms of imitative learning? What roles can the viewing and discussion of films play in the education of therapists?


Assuntos
Medicina nas Artes , Filmes Cinematográficos , Psicoterapia , Humanos
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