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1.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 110(1): 22-29, 2021 01.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406937

RESUMO

Treatment of extremital sarcoma patients may be associated with significant functional disabilities and psychosocial distress affecting return to work (RtW) and quality of life (QoL). In this exploratory study we prospectively investigated the RtW rate, explored biomedical and psychosocial predictors of RtW, and compared generic QoL with Swiss population norms. Forty people (89 %) returned to work. Full-time employment before sarcoma diagnosis, high educational level, and low tumor grade showed an increased probability of RtW. The median age was lower in patients who returned to work, and they reported less fear of progression. Generic QoL (SF-36) was reduced in almost all dimensions when compared to a normative Swiss population. Physical functioning and fear of progression have to be addressed in the rehabilitation process.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Qualidade de Vida , Progressão da Doença , Medo , Humanos
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430397

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to determine the anxiety and fear related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and their associations with travel, tourism and hospitality, in the Portuguese population. The Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS) and Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) were validated for the Portuguese population and correlations with issues related to travel, tourism and hospitality were established. CAS and FCV-19S presented a good adjustment model and solid reliability and validity. Correlations between CAS and FCV-19S and the perception of the impact of COVID-19 in travel, tourism and hospitality were found. Participants considered that COVID-19 mainly affected their holidays and leisure time. However, the strongest correlation established was between total FCV-19S and emotional fear FCV-19S and the fear of attending hotel facilities. The Portuguese versions of CAS and FCV-19S are reliable psychological tools to assess anxiety and fear in relation to COVID-19 for the general population. The use of hotel facilities is the most threatening issue related to travel, tourism and hospitality. The results suggest that hotels should invest in hygiene and safety measures that allow users to regain confidence in hotel equipment.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Psicometria , Turismo , Medo , Humanos , Portugal/epidemiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(1): e2033484, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394004

RESUMO

Importance: Violence is a significant public health problem that has become entwined with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Objective: To describe individuals' concerns regarding violence in the context of the pandemic, experiences of pandemic-related unfair treatment, prevalence of and reasons for firearm acquisition, and changes in firearm storage practices due to the pandemic. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study used data from the 2020 California Safety and Well-being Survey, a probability-based internet survey of California adults conducted from July 14 to 27, 2020. Respondents came from the Ipsos KnowledgePanel, an online research panel with members selected using address-based sampling methods. Responses were weighted to be representative of the adult population of California. Main Outcomes and Measures: Topics included worry about violence for oneself before and during the pandemic; concern about violence for someone else due to a pandemic-related loss; experiences of unfair treatment attributed to the pandemic; firearm and ammunition acquisition due to the pandemic; and changes in firearm storage practices due to the pandemic. Results: Of 5018 invited panel members, 2870 completed the survey (completion rate, 57%). Among respondents (52.3% [95% CI, 49.5%-55.0%] women; mean [SD] age, 47.9 [16.9] years; 41.9% [95% CI, 39.3%-44.6%] White individuals), self-reported worry about violence for oneself was significantly higher during the pandemic for all violence types except mass shootings, ranging from a 2.8 percentage point increase for robbery (from 65.5% [95% CI, 62.8%-68.0%] to 68.2% [95% CI, 65.6%-70.7%]; P = .008) to a 5.6 percentage point increase for stray bullet shootings (from 44.5% [95% CI, 41.7%-47.3%] to 50.0% [47.3%-52.8%]; P < .001). The percentage of respondents concerned that someone they know might intentionally harm themselves was 13.1% (95% CI, 11.5%-15.3%). Of those, 7.5% (95% CI, 4.5%-12.2%) said it was because the other person had experienced a pandemic-related loss. An estimated 110 000 individuals (2.4% [95% CI, 1.1%-5.0%] of firearm owners in the state) acquired a firearm due to the pandemic, including 47 000 new owners (43.0% [95% CI, 14.8%-76.6%] of those who had acquired a firearm). Of owners who stored at least 1 firearm in the least secure way, 6.7% (95% CI, 2.7%-15.6%) said they had adopted this unsecure storage practice in response to the pandemic. Conclusions and Relevance: In this analysis of findings from the 2020 California Safety and Well-being Survey, the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with increases in self-reported worry about violence for oneself and others, increased firearm acquisition, and changes in firearm storage practices. Given the impulsive nature of many types of violence, short-term crisis interventions may be critical for reducing violence-related harm.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Discriminação Social/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência/psicologia , Adulto , Afro-Americanos , Ansiedade/psicologia , Americanos Asiáticos , California/epidemiologia , Comércio , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Armas de Fogo/estatística & dados numéricos , Hispano-Americanos , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Propriedade , Polícia , Segurança , Discriminação Social/etnologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Science ; 371(6525): 122-123, 2021 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414207
5.
Compr Psychiatry ; 104: 152218, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232827

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: When the first COVID-19 infections were reported in Germany, fear and anxiety spread faster than the pandemic itself. While moderate amounts of fear of a COVID-19 infection may be functional, generalized anxiety and the potentially resulting distress and psychopathology may possibly be detrimental to people's health. Authorities need to avoid a countrywide panic, on the one hand, but foster a realistic awareness of the actual threat, on the other hand. OBJECTIVES: The current cross-sectional study aimed to investigate psychological reactions in response to the real or perceived infection threats. In particular, the analysis should reveal whether COVID-19-related fear and generalized anxiety in times of COVID-19 have distinct correlates. METHODS: A nationwide study was conducted from March 10th to May 4th 2020 in Germany (n = 15,308; 10,824 women, 4433 men, 51 other). Generalized anxiety was assessed using the GAD-7, while COVID-19-related fear was measured using a self-generated item. Both outcome variables were entered into linear regression models. Demographic information, depressive symptoms, trust in governmental interventions, subjective level of information regarding COVID-19 and media use were used to predict generalized anxiety and COVID-19-related fear. RESULTS: The data revealed distinct correlates of COVID-19-related fear and generalized anxiety. Although COVID-19-related fear and generalized anxiety had overlapping predictors, such as neuroticism, they most prominently differed in age distribution and direction of an urban-rural disparity: generalized anxiety decreases with age, but COVID-19-related fear is most pronounced in elderly participants. Generalized anxiety is also more prevalent in rural communities, but COVID-19-related fear is elevated in metropoles. Furthermore, the presence of a risk disease increases COVID-19-related fear, but not generalized anxiety. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that COVID-19-related fear is often justified considering the individual risk of infection or complication due to infection. Some of the characteristics that predict COVID-19-related fear leave generalized anxiety unaffected or show divergent predictive directions. The present findings hint toward two related, but discriminant constructs.


Assuntos
Idoso , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Medo , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental
6.
Int Endod J ; 54(1): 130-146, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867001

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate sources of student confidence and stress during the management of deep carious lesions and the exposed pulp during undergraduate clinics. Further aims were to identify barriers and facilitators, which could result in educational or practical improvements in the delivery of teaching and provision of treatment in this area. METHODOLOGY: A exploratory qualitative study design was used, based on recorded focus group interviews, guided by 12 predetermined questions. The discussions were transcribed verbatim and analysed by inductive qualitative content analysis. Common categories were identified to aid understanding. Forty undergraduate dental students from 4th and 5th years in Dublin Dental University Hospital participated in the study. RESULTS: Student stress and confidence were multifactorial and broadly linked to specific domains: clinical procedure, academic education, clinical training, evaluation/grading, organization and equipment, vital pulp biomaterial and the patient. Most students expressed a preference for one-stage selective carious removal to soft dentine rather than potential pulp exposure in deep carious lesions, noting that although it helped to decrease their immediate stress, it also caused longer-term concern by leaving caries close to the pulp. Nevertheless, their confidence was affected by limited clinical experience of carrying out selective removal procedures in deep caries. A recurrent finding was students citing high levels of stress after pulp exposure. Feelings including anger, fear, embarrassment and denial were associated with pulp exposure during deep caries management. Generally, the students felt able to manage pulp capping procedures, but were less certain about partial pulpotomy, suggesting that although they are aware of its advantages, they were unsure about the appropriate volume of pulp tissue to remove. To reduce stress, students suggested that laboratory teaching should employ new 3-D printed solutions and clinics should establish clear consensus amongst supervising teachers about the best way to manage the exposed pulp. CONCLUSIONS: Students lacked confidence as they neared the pulp and prefer selective caries removal techniques, which reduce the likelihood of pulp exposure. Students identified stressors and suggested improvements in several domains that would improve confidence. These ameliorations could lead to enhancements in student ability to perform these conservative techniques, and improve the provision of treatment in this area.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Polpa Dentária , Exposição da Polpa Dentária , Medo , Humanos , Pulpotomia , Estudantes
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 750: 141633, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882496

RESUMO

Bisphenol S (BPS) is increasingly used in a wide range of industrial and consumer products, resulting in its ubiquitous distribution across the environment, including aquatic ecosystems. Although it is commonly known as a weak/moderate estrogenic compound, there has been a growing acknowledgment of the potential of BPS to cause toxicity by inducing oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is a major participant in the development of anxiety-like behaviors in humans and animals. Therefore, the present study was designed to examine the impact of BPS on anxiety-like behavior and fear responses in adult zebrafish and also to elucidate the possible linkage between the BPS neurotoxicity and oxidative status of the brain. To this end, adult male and female zebrafish were exposed to 0 (control), 1, 10, and 30 µg/L of BPS and 1 µg/L of 17-ß-estradiol (E2) for 75 days. Following exposure, changes in anxiety and fear-related responses were evaluated by applying a novel tank test and by exposing focal fish to chemical alarm cues. Additionally, we evaluated the expression of multiple antioxidant genes in the zebrafish brain. Our results indicate that BPS, irrespective of exposure concentration, and E2 significantly decreased bottom-dwelling behavior and the latency to enter the upper water column. Furthermore, exposure to the highest concentration of BPS and E2 induced a significant decrease in fear-related responses. The impaired anxiety and reduced fear-related responses were associated with a down-regulation in the transcription of genes involved in enzymatic antioxidant defense. Taken together, our results suggest that chronic exposure to BPS impairs anxiety and fear responses in adult zebrafish, possibly by inducing oxidative stress in the brain.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Ansiedade/induzido quimicamente , Ecossistema , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo , Fenóis , Sulfonas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
10.
Psychol Health Med ; 26(1): 56-61, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33080151

RESUMO

Medical staff in radiology departments faces a higher risk of infection and a heavier workload during the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. High perceived stress levels endanger physical and mental health and affect work efficiency and patient safety. Therefore, it is urgent to understand the perceived stress levels of medical staff and explore its risk factors. We recruited 600 medical staff from the radiology departments of 32 public hospitals in Sichuan Province, China, to evaluate perceived stress scores via a mobile app-based questionnaire. The results showed that the perceived stress level among medical staff in the radiology departments during the COVID-19 outbreak was high and a sense of tension was strongly present. A positive correlation was found between anxiety score and perceived stress. Multivariate analysis showed that risk factors for perceived stress were female, existing anxiety, and fears of being infected at work, an uncontrollable outbreak, and not being able to pay rent or mortgage. Conversely, good knowledge about COVID-19, being unmarried, and working in a higher-grade hospital were protective factors for perceived stress. Therefore, more attention should be given to medical staff in the radiology departments that present the risk factors outlined above. Timely risk assessment of psychological stress and effective intervention measures should be taken for these high-risk groups to keep their perceived stress within normal limits.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Medo , Hospitais Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Radiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Carga de Trabalho
11.
Am Heart J ; 231: 157-159, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010246

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic there has been a reduction in hospital admissions for acute myocardial infarction. This manuscript presents the analysis of Google Trends meta-data and shows a marked spike in search volume for chest pain that is strongly correlated with COVID-19 case numbers in the United States. This raises a concern that fear of contracting COVID-19 may be leading patients to self-triage using internet searches.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , /epidemiologia , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/epidemiologia , Dor no Peito/psicologia , Correlação de Dados , Medo , Humanos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Isolamento Social , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 68(2): e28790, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with cancer were designated as clinically extremely vulnerable if they were to contract SARS-CoV-2 due to immune suppression in the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our aim was to explore experiences, information and support needs, and decision making of parents with a child with cancer in response to this phase in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Parents of a child with cancer completed a survey at a time when the UK moved into a period of 'lockdown'. An online survey was developed by the research team to capture parents' experiences, information and support needs, and decision making, using closed statements and open text boxes. Descriptive quantitative analyses and qualitative thematic content analysis were undertaken. FINDINGS: One hundred seventy-one parents/caregivers completed the survey. Eighty-five percent were worried about the virus and they were vigilant about the virus (92%) or cancer symptoms (93.4%). For two-thirds (69.6%), hospital was no longer considered a safe place. Eight overarching themes were identified related to the virus: (a) risk of infection; (b) information, guidance and advice; (c) health care provision; (d) fears and anxieties; or related to lockdown/isolation: (e) psychological and social impact; (f) keeping safe under lockdown; (g) provisions and dependence; and (h) employment and income. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study, to the best of our knowledge, to report experiences of parents of a child with cancer during the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic. The majority of parents were worried about SARS-CoV-2 and transmitting the virus to their child. Hospital was no longer perceived to be a safe place, and parents were worried about suboptimal cancer care. Parents described fear and anxiety and the psychological, social and economic impact of isolation.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ansiedade/psicologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Tomada de Decisões , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isolamento de Pacientes/psicologia , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
13.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 17(1): 1954-1963, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387230

RESUMO

The world has faced an unprecedented challenge when coronavirus (COVID-19) emerged as a pandemic. Millions of people have contracted the virus and a significant number of them lost their lives, resulting in a tremendous social and economic shock across the globe. Amid the growing burden of the pandemic, there are parallel emergencies that need to be simultaneously tackled: the proliferation of fake medicines, fake news and medication misinformation surrounding COVID-19. Pharmacists are key health professionals with the required skills and training to contribute to the fight against these emergencies. Primarily, they can be a relevant source of accurate and reliable information to the public or other fellow health professionals thereby reducing the spread of COVID-19 medication misinformation. This can be achieved by providing accurate and reliable information based on recommendations given by relevant health authorities and professional associations to make sure the community understand the importance of the message and thus minimise the detrimental consequences of the pandemic. This commentary aims to summarise the existing literature in relation to the promising treatments currently under trial, the perils of falsified medications and medicine-related information and the role of pharmacists in taking a leading role in combating these parallel global emergencies.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Comunicação , Assistência Farmacêutica/organização & administração , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Medo , Humanos , Papel Profissional
16.
J Psychosom Res ; 140: 110297, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242703

RESUMO

Covid-19 pandemic, starting from Wuhan, China spread all over the world and Italy was one of the most affected countries, especially in Lombardy, where, on February 20, the first confirmed case was detected. Italian Government ordered a national lockdown on the 9 th March 2020, forcing the population to severe restrictive isolation measures. The burden on mental health of the medical emergency related to COVID19 is progressively been revealed. Takotsubo syndrome (TTS), is estimated to represent 1-3% of patients admitted with suspected STEMI, mostly affecting elderly women with emotional stress and/or acute illness preceding the presentation. Comparing patients hospitalised from February to May 2020 with those of the corresponding period in 2019 we observed a significantly increased number of TTS diagnosis in 2020 (11 patients vs 3 in 2019), especially during the first period of lockdown. The only two males were patients with COVID-19 and were the only two who died in hospital. At psychological examination all patients enrolled report to have lived a particularly stressful experience at IES-R in the last year, without presenting the symptoms of a post-traumatic stress disorder. Most patients were positive to the allostatic overload. Only one patient showed a clinical cut-off for HADS and no one for the Fear COVID-19 scale. We finally concluded that subjects with pre-pandemic psychological distress may have experienced additional psychological overload, opening the door to TTS by a series of physiological alterations as the secretion of cortisol and catecholamines, making the subject more vulnerable to the onset of TTS.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alostase , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo/terapia
17.
J Psychosom Res ; 140: 110314, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33271402

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: No studies have examined factors associated with fear in any group of people vulnerable during COVID-19 due to pre-existing medical conditions. OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with fear of consequences of COVID-19 among people living with a pre-existing medical condition, the autoimmune disease systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma), including country. METHODS: Pre-COVID-19 data from the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network (SPIN) Cohort were linked to COVID-19 data collected in April 2020. Multivariable linear regression was used to assess factors associated with continuous scores of the 10-item COVID-19 Fears Questionnaire for Chronic Medical Conditions, controlling for pre-COVID-19 anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: Compared to France (N = 156), COVID-19 Fear scores among participants from the United Kingdom (N = 50) were 0.12 SD (95% CI 0.03 to 0.21) higher; scores for Canada (N = 97) and the United States (N = 128) were higher, but not statistically significant. Greater interference of breathing problems was associated with higher fears due to COVID-19 (Standardized regression coefficient = 0.12, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.23). Participants with higher financial resources adequacy scores had lower COVID-19 Fear scores (Standardized coefficient = -0.18, 95% CI -0.28 to -0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Fears due to COVID-19 were associated with clinical and functional vulnerabilities in this chronically ill population. This suggests that interventions may benefit from addressing specific clinical issues that apply to specific populations. Financial resources, health policies and political influences may also be important. The needs of people living with chronic illness during a pandemic may differ depending on the social and political context in which they live.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Medo , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Canadá/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Psychol Health Med ; 26(1): 107-113, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33300378

RESUMO

The study investigated whether the level of life satisfaction and general mental health was associated with COVID-19 worries at the initial stage of the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland. A cross-sectional observational study using an online questionnaire was conducted between 19 March and 27 April 2020, i.e. at the beginning of the epidemic in Poland. The study participants were residents of Poland over the age of 18 years. A total of 412 completed responses were received. The majority of respondents were women (75%), 84% respondents were mentally healthy and did not have any diagnosis of mental illnesses. Sixty-eight percent respondents indicated that they had been worried about the COVID-19 pandemic for the average of 21.75 days (SD +-16), while the median period from the onset of epidemic in Poland (20 March) to the participation in the study was 11 days. The main domains of concern included: death of loved ones (75%), severe course of illness in loved ones (72%), healthcare failure (64%), consequences of the pandemic at an individual and social level (64% and 63%, respectively). There was a significant medium decrease in the level of happiness and life satisfaction during the COVID-19 epidemic (p <.001).


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Medo , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação Pessoal , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Psychol Health Med ; 26(1): 35-43, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490689

RESUMO

The world has been under the negative effect of the COVID-19 pandemic for the last few months. While people may take many preventive behaviours to minimize the risk, very little is known about the factors that can increase preventive behaviours during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study examined the effects of vulnerability, perceived risk, and fear on preventive behaviours of COVID-19. The study used a sample of 4,536 Turkish adults (M = 30.33 ± 10.95 years) recruited from 17 March through 1 April 2020. Vulnerability, perceived risk, fear, and preventive behaviours were measured with self-rating scales. Participants mostly engaged in avoidance of public transportation and frequent handwashing as preventive behaviours. Women had a significantly higher vulnerability to, perceived risk, and fear of new coronavirus compared to men. Correlation results indicated that age, gender, education level, vulnerability, perceived risk, and fear were related to preventive behaviours. Regression results demonstrated that vulnerability, perceived risk, and fear accounted for a significant amount of variance in preventive behaviours over and above the effects of demographic variables. The results suggest that vulnerability, perceived risk, and fear can significantly increase engagement in preventive behaviours during the novel coronavirus pandemic. The results have important implications for research and practice.


Assuntos
Medo , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adulto , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Turquia
20.
Psychol Trauma ; 13(1): 9-15, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382329

RESUMO

Objective: The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic represents an acute worldwide public health crisis causing an immediate disruption to every demographic group. One group significantly affected both educationally and psychosocially is college students, as they experienced an abrupt cancellation of in-person courses, were forced to leave their dormitories, and witnessed a loss of social activities. Method: This study utilizes survey data from college students in the throes of COVID-19-based home schooling collected for a Belgium-based international study including more than 134,000 participants from 28 countries around the world. Two hundred fifty-seven college students from a U.S. university participated in this study. Results: Results indicate that college students are affected by COVID-19 on several levels, including fear of themselves or others in their social network contracting the virus, apprehension about the changes in coursework delivery and unclear instructional parameters, overall loneliness, compromised motivation, and sleep disturbances, as well as anxious and depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Analyses reveal a positive relationship between academic frustrations and mental health symptoms, the latter also negatively related to trust in the government regarding the preventive measures being implemented. Worries about becoming infected were positively related to mental health symptoms and negatively related to trust in the government. Results and implications are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Saúde Mental , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão/psicologia , Masculino , Motivação/fisiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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