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1.
Ann Glob Health ; 90(1): 11, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38344006

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between accessibility to healthcare facilities and transportation in the Guelmim Oued Noun region of Morocco, where transportation barriers continue to pose a major challenge to accessing healthcare, despite efforts aimed at reducing access barriers. Methods: Data collection for this study involved the administration of a survey among 328 outpatients residing in the Guelmim Oued Noun region, Morocco. The utilization of canonical correlation served as the analytical method, employed to quantify and assess the relationship between transportation related barriers and the access of healthcare services in the specified region. Results: Our research reveals that transportation factors account for approximately 25% of the variation in access to healthcare services. The number of transportation modes utilized by outpatients and the affordability of transportation were found to be significant contributors to the transportation dimension. These findings confirm the significant relationship between transportation and access to healthcare facilities in the region under investigation. Conclusion: Further research is recommended to specifically address transportation barriers to healthcare access services among socially excluded populations, with a focus on promoting mobility inclusivity.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Meios de Transporte , Humanos , Marrocos , Instalações de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Occup Health ; 66(1)2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332724

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hazardous materials (HAZMAT) pose risks to the health and safety of professionals involved with transportation and emergency responses. Two distinct occupational groups that encounter HAZMAT events are first responders and professional drivers. Wearable technology is a tool that can assist with monitoring the health of professionals involved in HAZMAT events. The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the perceptions of first responders and professional drivers on wearable technology and attitudes toward health monitoring. METHODS: A survey was administered to first responders (n = 112) and professional drivers (n = 218). Statistical approaches included bivariate analysis, latent class analysis, logistic regression analysis, and path analysis for the variables of interest. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the groups in perceptions of the benefits of monitoring certain health indicators. Professional drivers were more likely to have a history of wearable technology use compared with first responders (odds ratio [OR] = 10.1; 95% CI, 4.42-22.9), reported greater exposure to HAZMAT (OR = 4.32; 95% CI, 2.24-8.32), and were more willing to have their health data monitored by someone other than themselves (OR = 9.27; 95% CI, 3.67-23.4). A multinomial regression model revealed that occupation was not a significant predictor of class preference for acceptance of monitoring specific health indicators. CONCLUSIONS: Occupation appeared to be important but further analysis uncovered that characteristics of individuals within the occupations were more salient to the use of wearable technology. HAZMAT exposure, someone else monitoring health data, and experience with wearable technology use were found to be important factors for perceptions about benefits of health monitoring with wearable technology.


Assuntos
Socorristas , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Meios de Transporte , Substâncias Perigosas , Ocupações
3.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0292683, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330021

RESUMO

Dial a ride problem (DARP) is a complex version of the pick-up and delivery problem with many practical applications in the field of transportation. This study proposes an enhanced deterministic annealing algorithm for the solution of large-scale multi-vehicle DARPs. The proposed method always explores the feasible search space; therefore, a feasible solution is guaranteed at any point of termination. This method utilises advanced local search operators to accelerate the search for optimal solutions and it relies on a linearly decreasing deterministic annealing schedule to limit poor jumps during the course of search. This study puts forward a systematic series of experiments to compare the performance of solution methods from various angles. The proposed method is compared with the most efficient methods reported in the literature i.e., the Adaptive Large Neighbourhood Search (ALNS), Evolutionary Local Search (ELS), and Deterministic Annealing (DA) using standard benchmarks. The results suggest that the proposed algorithm is on average faster than the state-of-the-art algorithms in reaching competitive objective values across the range of benchmarks.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Evolução Biológica , Meios de Transporte
4.
Res Vet Sci ; 168: 105124, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199012

RESUMO

This factorial study was part of a project examining potential welfare challenges for cull sows in the pre-slaughter logistic chain, and examined effects of journey duration and presence of a longer pre-planned stop half-way during journeys on their post-transport clinical condition. The sows were transported 4, 6 or 8 h under conditions modelling typical Danish practice. In addition, across 49 journeys, effects of temperature inside the vehicle and time spent waiting before unloading at the slaughterhouse were examined. The results confirmed the findings of our earlier observational study, showing that the clinical conditions of cull sows deteriorated during transport, but also that none of the 578 sows arrived at the slaughterhouse in a condition that would have rendered them unfit for transport. A complex picture was found in relation to the clinical variables affected by journey duration, involvement of a longer pre-planned stop, and/or time spent waiting before unloading. This suggests that several factors contribute to the deterioration of the clinical condition of sows, but not consistently or as unequivocal causal factors, at least within the studied journey durations. Based on the deterioration in their clinical condition, especially for variables associated with heat stress and aggression, and knowing that the amount of time the sows are exposed to hazards such as aggressive pen mates, high temperatures and/or moving vehicles is dependent on the journey duration, keeping journeys as short as possible will most likely be advantageous. Future studies should also focus on how to optimise the social and microclimatic environment.


Assuntos
Matadouros , Meios de Transporte , Animais , Suínos , Feminino , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo , Agressão , Bem-Estar do Animal
5.
Int J Epidemiol ; 53(1)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219793

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have linked cycling with improved mental wellbeing but these studies tend to use cross-sectional survey data that have small sample sizes and self-reported health measures, and are potentially susceptible to omitted-variable bias and reverse causation. We use an instrumental variable approach and an objective measure of mental ill-health taken from linked administrative data to ask: 'Does cycle commuting reduce the risk of mental ill-health?' METHODS: Our study links data on commuting in Edinburgh and Glasgow from the Scottish population census with mental health prescriptions from the National Health Service Prescribing Information System records. We use road distance from home to nearest cycle path as an instrumental variable for cycle commuting. RESULTS: In total, 378 253 people aged 16-74 years living and working in the City of Edinburgh and Glasgow City council areas at the 2011 census were included in our study; 1.85% of commuters in Glasgow and 4.8% of commuters in Edinburgh cycled to work. Amongst cyclists, 9% had a prescription for mental health compared with 14% amongst non-cyclists. Using a bivariate probit model, we estimate a mean average reduction in prescriptions for antidepressants and/or anxiolytics in the 5 years following the census of -15.1% (95% CI: -15.3% to -15.0%) amongst cycle commuters compared with those who use any other mode to commute. CONCLUSIONS: This work suggests that cycle commuting is causally related to reduced mental ill-health and provides further evidence in support of the promotion of active travel to encourage commuters travelling shorter distances to shift to cycle commutes.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Medicina Estatal , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Caminhada , Meios de Transporte
6.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(8): 11605-11621, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38221558

RESUMO

Understanding railway accessibility supports railway regulation and development, but few studies consider different perspectives. We study the spatial distribution of accessibility indicators at the county (city) scale in Fujian Province by spatiotemporal syntax and weighted average travel time using railway timetable data. Export trade, rich commercial activities, and high-speed rail had a significant positive effect on objective accessibility. Fuzhou, Sanming, and Longyan were main transfer centers. The most accessible nodes based on weighted average travel time formed a "U"-shaped corridor along the coast. The county-wide average accessibility was 1.72 h. According to spatiotemporal syntax, local general public budget expenditure (0.758993) and export volume of goods-total retail sales of consumer goods (0.956257) had the most interactive impact, while according to weighted average accessibility, import volume of goods (0.618447) and per capita gross regional product-import volume of goods (0.878573) did. These results provide reference for transportation planning and regional development in Fujian Province.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico , Viagem , Meios de Transporte , China
7.
Syst Rev ; 13(1): 47, 2024 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the last decades, the prevalence of AST has decreased significantly. Barriers to active school transport (AST) have been extensively examined in the literature, while psychosocial factors that facilitate AST have received less attention. To our best knowledge, there are currently no reviews on this subject. Therefore, the objective of this review was to scope the literature and identify published research about psychosocial factors related to AST. METHODS: Systematic searches conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, TRID, Scopus, and ERIC resulted in a total of 1933 publications, and 77 of them were considered eligible for this review. RESULTS: The results of the included articles were categorised into four psychosocial factors: confidence in ability, attitudes, social support, and social norms, which were all generally positively related to AST, with a few exceptions. CONCLUSION: The findings of this review indicate that these psychosocial factors may be important to consider when developing interventions and highlight that both children and parents should be involved in the process. This knowledge can serve as a valuable guide for developing interventions to promote AST. However, the evidence base supporting these psychosocial factors requires further investigation to fully understand how and when to incorporate them to maximise AST efficacy.


Assuntos
Instituições Acadêmicas , Meios de Transporte , Criança , Humanos , Meios de Transporte/métodos , Atitude
8.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0296263, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38295063

RESUMO

Effective public transportation pricing strategies are critical to reducing traffic congestion and meeting consumer demand for sustainable urban development. In this study, we construct a dynamic game pricing model and a social learning network model for consumers of three modes of public transportation including metro, bus, and pa-transit. In the model, the metro, bus, and pa-transit operators maximize their profits through dynamic pricing optimization, and consumers maximize their utility by adjusting their travel habits through social learning in the social network. The reinforcement learning algorithm is applied to simulate the model, and the results show that: (1) as consumers' perceived sensitivity to different modes of travel increases, the market share and price of each mode of travel adjust accordingly. (2) When taking into account consumers' social learning behavior, the market share of metros remains high, while the market shares of buses and pa-transit are relatively low. (3) As consumers become more sensitive to their perception of each travel mode, operators invest more resources in improving service quality to gain market share, which in turn affects the price of each travel mode. Our results provide decision support for optimal pricing of urban public transportation.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Social , Meios de Transporte , Veículos Automotores , Viagem , Custos e Análise de Custo
9.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0297197, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38289906

RESUMO

Fuzzy graphs are very important when we are trying to understand and study complex systems with uncertain and not exact information. Among different types of fuzzy graphs, cubic fuzzy graphs are special due to their ability to represent the membership degree of both vertices and edges using intervals and fuzzy numbers, respectively. To figure out how things are connected in cubic fuzzy graphs, we need to know about cubic α-strong, cubic ß-strong and cubic δ-weak edges. These concepts better help in making decisions, solving problems and analyzing things like transportation, social networks and communication systems. The applicability of connectivity and comprehension of cubic fuzzy graphs have urged us to discuss connectivity in the domain of cubic fuzzy graphs. In this paper, the terms partial cubic α-strong and partial cubic δ-weak edges are introduced for cubic fuzzy graphs. The bounds and exact expression of connectivity index for several cubic fuzzy graphs are estimated. The average connectivity index for cubic fuzzy graphs is also defined and some results pertaining to these concepts are proved in this paper. The results demonstrate that removing some vertices or edges may cause a change in the value of connectivity index or average connectivity index, but the change will not necessarily be related to both values. This paper also defines the concepts of partial cubic connectivity enhancing node and partial cubic connectivity reducing node and some related results are proved. Furthermore, the concepts of cubic α-strong, cubic ß- strong, cubic δ-weak edge, partial cubic α-strong and partial cubic δ-weak edges are utilized to identify areas most affected by a tsunami resulting from an earthquake. Finally, the research findings are compared with the existing methods to demonstrate their suitability and creativity.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Tsunamis , Meios de Transporte
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2156, 2024 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38272977

RESUMO

Autonomous vehicles (AVs) have the potential to revolutionize transportation safety and mobility, but many people are still concerned about the safety of AVs and hesitate to use them. Here we survey 4112 individuals to explore the relationship between knowledge and public support for AVs. We find that AV support has a positive relationship with scientific literacy (objective knowledge about science) and perceived understanding of AV (self-assessed knowledge). Respondents who are supportive of AVs tended to have more objective AV knowledge (objective knowledge about AVs). Moreover, the results of further experiments show that increasing people's self-assessed knowledge or gaining additional objective AV knowledge may contribute to increasing their AV support. These findings therefore improve the understanding of the relationship between public knowledge levels and AV support, enabling policy-makers to develop better strategies for raising AV support, specifically, by considering the role of knowledge, which in turn may influence public behavioural intentions and lead to higher levels of AV acceptance.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo , Veículos Autônomos , Humanos , Meios de Transporte , Intenção , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e077129, 2024 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to calculate the global warming potential, in carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent emissions, from all in-scope activities involved in a phase-1 clinical study. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. DATA SOURCE: Internal data held by Janssen Pharmaceuticals. STUDIES INCLUDED: Janssen-sponsored TMC114FD1HTX1002 study conducted between 2019 and 2021. MAIN OUTCOME: Measure CO2 equivalents (CO2e) for in-scope clinical trial activities calculated according to intergovernmental panel on climate change 2021 impact assessment methodology. RESULTS: The CO2e emissions generated by the trial were 17.65 tonnes. This is equivalent to the emissions generated by driving an average petrol-fueled family car 71 004 km or roughly 1.8 times around the circumference of the Earth. Commuting to the clinical site by the study participants generated the most emissions (5419 kg, 31% of overall emissions), followed by trial site utilities (2725 kg, 16% of overall emissions) and site staff travel (2560 kg, 15% of overall emissions). In total, the movement of people (participant travel, site staff travel and trial site staff travel) accounted for 8914 kg or 51% of overall trial emissions. CONCLUSIONS: Decentralised trial models which seek to bring clinical trial operations closer to the participant offer opportunities to reduce participant travel. The electrification of sponsor vehicle fleets and society's transition towards electric vehicles may result in further reductions. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04208061.


Assuntos
Pegada de Carbono , Meios de Transporte , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Viagem , Dióxido de Carbono/análise
12.
J Environ Manage ; 353: 120060, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38295635

RESUMO

Traffic noise is a burden at home and outdoors. Economic literature confirms mostly negative effects of traffic noise on house prices, often based on distance between high noise and house location. We extend this literature using rich micro data to examine not only the impact of traffic noise at the house but also provide new results on the impact of traffic noise in public areas surrounding a home. Using Hedonic regression in Vienna, Austria, we confirm that very loud traffic noise (≥65 dB) experienced at the house reduces housing prices and further show that the value of public walking areas near a home, while positive overall, are substantially reduced when exposed to noise. Our findings help to establish spatial patterns in noise capitalization reflecting household exposure and the impact on the capitalized values of public areas in a context where active transportation (e.g. walking, biking) is an important mode of transportation. For policymakers, our findings help quantify and raise important questions as how to address and link the public bad nature of noise pollution to nearby residents.


Assuntos
Ruído dos Transportes , Áustria , Habitação , Caminhada , Meios de Transporte , Exposição Ambiental
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 158, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38168495

RESUMO

Movement of resources was essential to the survival and success of early complex societies. The sources and destinations of goods and the means of transportation - be it by boats, carts and/or foot - can often be inferred, but the logistics of these movements are inherently more difficult to ascertain. Here, we use strontium isotopic analysis to test hypotheses about the role of animal and animal-powered transport in medium and long-distance movement and exchange, using the Indus Civilization as a case study. Across the wide geographical spread of the Indus Civilisation, there is strong evidence for long-distance exchange of raw materials and finished objects and this process is presumed to involve boats and animal-driven transport, although there is little evidence as to the relative importance of each mode of movement. Strontium isotopic analysis of animal remains from four sites analysed for this study combined with results from nine other sites indicates limited long-distance animal movement between different geological zones within the Indus Civilisation. These findings suggest that individual animals primarily moved short- or medium-distances, though there are several significant exceptions seen in some pigs and cattle found at two large urban sites. We infer that long-distance transport of goods, be it raw materials, finished objects, other goods, or the animals themselves, could have occurred through the use of boats and waterways, by traction animals moving over long distances that did not end up in the archaeological record, and/or by different animals participating in many short to medium-distance movements.


Assuntos
Casco e Garras , Animais , Bovinos , Suínos , Isótopos de Estrôncio , Arqueologia , Meios de Transporte , Civilização , Movimento
14.
NCHS Data Brief ; (490): 1-8, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38252448

RESUMO

Access to transportation may be required for many daily tasks, including going to work, health care visits, and obtaining groceries. Previous research suggests that a lack of transportation, especially among adults who are older, uninsured, and have lower incomes, leads to reduced access to health care, which may then lead to adverse health outcomes (1,2). Using data from the 2022 National Health Interview Survey, this report describes the percentage of adults who lacked reliable transportation for daily living in the past 12 months by selected sociodemographic and geographic characteristics.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Renda , Meios de Transporte , Adulto , Humanos , Estados Unidos
15.
Epidemiology ; 35(2): 252-262, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38290144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Road traffic injury contributes substantially to morbidity and mortality. Canada stands out among developed countries in not conducting a national household travel survey, leading to a dearth of national transportation mode data and risk calculations that have appropriate denominators. Since traffic injuries are specific to the mode of travel used, these risk calculations should consider travel mode. METHODS: Census data on mode of commute is one of the few sources of these data for persons aged 15 and over. This study leveraged a national data linkage cohort, the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohorts, that connects census sociodemographic and commute mode data with records of deaths and hospitalizations, enabling assessment of road traffic injury associations by indicators of mode of travel (commuter mode). We examined longitudinal (1996-2019) bicyclist, pedestrian, and motor vehicle occupant injury and fatality risk in the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohorts by commuter mode and sociodemographic characteristics using Cox proportional hazards models within the working adult population. RESULTS: We estimated positive associations between commute mode and same mode injury and fatality, particularly for bicycle commuters (hazard ratios for bicycling injury was 9.1 and for bicycling fatality was 11). Low-income populations and Indigenous people had increased injury risk across all modes. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows inequities in transportation injury risk in Canada and underscores the importance of adjusting for mode of travel when examining differences between population groups.


Assuntos
Censos , Caminhada , Adulto , Humanos , Canadá/epidemiologia , Caminhada/lesões , Meios de Transporte , Fatores de Risco , Ciclismo/lesões , Acidentes de Trânsito
16.
Accid Anal Prev ; 196: 107420, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38159513

RESUMO

The transportation industry, particularly the trucking sector, is prone to workplace accidents and fatalities. Accidents involving large trucks accounted for a considerable percentage of overall traffic fatalities. Recognizing the crucial role of safety climate in accident prevention, researchers have sought to understand its factors and measure its impact within organizations. While existing data-driven safety climate studies have made remarkable progress, clustering employees based on their safety climate perception is innovative and has not been extensively utilized in research. Identifying clusters of drivers based on their safety climate perception allows the organization to profile its workforce and devise more impactful interventions. The lack of utilizing the clustering approach could be due to difficulties interpreting or explaining the factors influencing employees' cluster membership. Moreover, existing safety-related studies did not compare multiple clustering algorithms, resulting in potential bias. To address these problems, this study introduces an interpretable clustering approach for safety climate analysis. This study compares five algorithms for clustering truck drivers based on their safety climate perceptions. It also proposes a novel method for quantitatively evaluating partial dependence plots (QPDP). Then, to better interpret the clustering results, this study introduces different interpretable machine learning measures (Shapley additive explanations, permutation feature importance, and QPDP). The Python code used in this study is available at https://github.com/NUS-DBE/truck-driver-safety-climate. This study explains the clusters based on the importance of different safety climate factors. Drawing on data collected from more than 7,000 American truck drivers, this study significantly contributes to the scientific literature. It highlights the critical role of supervisory care promotion in distinguishing various driver groups. Moreover, it showcases the advantages of employing machine learning techniques, such as cluster analysis, to enrich the scientific knowledge in this field. Future studies could involve experimental methods to assess strategies for enhancing supervisory care promotion, as well as integrating deep learning clustering techniques with safety climate evaluation.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito , Cultura Organizacional , Humanos , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Veículos Automotores , Meios de Transporte , Análise por Conglomerados
17.
OTJR (Thorofare N J) ; 44(1): 37-46, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37102601

RESUMO

The Smart Cities Collaborative aims to mitigate transportation challenges and inequities with new approaches and technologies (e.g., ridesharing). Therefore, assessing community transportation needs is essential. The team explored the travel behaviors, challenges, and/or opportunities among low- and high-socioeconomic status (SES) communities. Using Community-Based Participatory Research principles, four focus groups were conducted to investigate residents' behaviors and experiences with transportation availability, accessibility, affordability, acceptability, and adaptability. Focus groups were recorded, transcribed, and verified before thematic and content data analysis. Participants with low SES (n = 11) discussed user-friendliness, uncleanliness, and bus accessibility challenges. Comparatively, the participants with high SES (n = 12) discussed traffic congestion and parking. Both communities had concerns about safety and limited bus services and routes. Alternatively, opportunities included a convenient fixed-route shuttle. All groups stated the bus fare was affordable unless multiple fares or rideshare were needed. Findings provide valuable insight when developing equitable transportation recommendations.


Assuntos
Meios de Transporte , Humanos , Grupos Focais
18.
Health Place ; 85: 103147, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38103412

RESUMO

The Healthy New Town programme in England set out to 'put health into place' by supporting the design and construction of healthy places to live, including by creating safe environments for active travel. To explore the impact of this approach, this study examined how children and their families experienced school journeys in two contrasting Healthy New Towns in England, one an affluent new town in the early stages of construction and the other more economically deprived and established. We undertook photo-elicitation and go-along interviews with 24 children aged 7-12 years and semi-structured interviews with 17 caregivers. We found that experiences of care were important for children's school travel. In the 'deprived' town, opportunities for children to care and to be cared for were enjoyed, facilitated by routes with limited traffic, pockets of 'nature', and possibilities to encounter meaningful others. For families living in a town under construction, the need to negotiate unfinished travel infrastructure, and a sense of being 'in limbo', was experienced as an absence of care by planners and developers. Interventions to promote children's active travel should consider the role of care-full planning in facilitating walking and cycling journeys.


Assuntos
Meios de Transporte , Viagem , Criança , Humanos , Cidades , Caminhada , Instituições Acadêmicas
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(3): 4563-4581, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38103138

RESUMO

The current environmental crisis is mostly due to global warming. Promoting walking and cycling requires both the availability of green public areas (such as parks, green paths, and greenways) and a mentality that values such active modes of transportation. Significant health advantages from increased physical activity (PA) are associated with transportation options like walking and cycling (sometimes known as "active transportation," AT): the health and environmental advantages of encouraging workers to use bicycles for transportation been widely acknowledged. The authors of this research set out to fill this information gap by investigating the theoretically theorized links between green public space awareness and attitudes toward active mobility, adapting to a changing environment, and improving one's mental and physical health, with leisure and tourist activities serving as a moderator. The data was collected quantitatively using purposive sampling and then analyzed using PLS-SEM. We surveyed Korean walkers (n = 282) and bikers (n = 315) online between May 25 and June 17, 2021, and used a partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) analysis to test our hypothesis. As stated in the findings, being conscious of green public space when using active transportation significantly affects how clean the air feels. Active transportation was shown to have a significant effect on health, and climate change mitigation efforts were found to have a significant effect on health. Those who used active transportation for tourism had a stronger connection between green public space awareness and air quality, in addition to environmental sustainability and ethical conduct mitigation, than those who used active transport for recreation. Therefore, the model may aid in locating transport and health scenarios that benefit both sectors.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Turismo , Humanos , Caminhada , Meios de Transporte , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ciclismo
20.
Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol ; 47: 100606, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38042531

RESUMO

Public health studies routinely use simplistic methods to calculate proximity-based "access" to greenspace, such as by measuring distances to the geographic centroids of parks or, less frequently, to the perimeter of the park area. Although computationally efficient, these approaches oversimplify exposure measurement because parks often have specific entrance points. In this tutorial paper, we describe how researchers can instead calculate more-accurate access measures using freely available open-source methods. Specifically, we demonstrate processes for calculating "service areas" representing street-network-based buffers of access to parks within set distances and mode of transportation (e.g., 1-km walk or 20-minute drive) using OpenRouteService and QGIS software. We also introduce an advanced method involving the identification of trailheads or parking lots with OpenStreetMap data and show how large parks particularly benefit from this approach. These methods can be used globally and are applicable to analyses of a wide range of studies investigating proximity access to resources.


Assuntos
Meios de Transporte , Caminhada , Humanos , Saúde Pública
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