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2.
Radiographics ; 44(2): e230105, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300814

RESUMO

The CT supply room is a critical resource in the imaging workflow. However, the supply room for the two CT scanners at our cancer center, one of which is used for our busy interventional service, was disorganized, and the time spent searching for the appropriate equipment could potentially lead to delays in service and contribute to patient safety risks. The purpose of this project was to reduce the time to find supplies and to increase the satisfaction of CT technologists and medical providers by reorganizing and clearly labeling supplies using "lean" principles. A multidisciplinary team was assembled to reorganize the CT storage using lean 5S methodology (sort, set in order, shine, standardize, and sustain). Baseline and postintervention analysis of the impact of supply reorganization and labeling was performed using three methods: (a) the time recorded for a supply retrieval scavenger hunt, (b) a spaghetti diagram of participant movement during the scavenger hunt, and (c) satisfaction surveys of radiologists and staff. Seven radiology residents participated in the timed supply retrieval scavenger hunt before and after the intervention. Spaghetti diagrams demonstrated a reduction in redundant foot traffic for supply retrieval after the intervention. There was a 61.7% decrease in the average time to retrieve the 10 items in the scavenger hunt (P < .01). Satisfaction surveys after the intervention had statistically significant positive responses compared with those before the intervention. ©RSNA, 2024.


Assuntos
Melhoria de Qualidade , Radiologia , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Lancet Oncol ; 25(2): e63-e72, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301704

RESUMO

This Policy Review sourced opinions from experts in cancer care across low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) to build consensus around high-priority measures of care quality. A comprehensive list of quality indicators in medical, radiation, and surgical oncology was identified from systematic literature reviews. A modified Delphi study consisting of three 90-min workshops and two international electronic surveys integrating a global range of key clinical, policy, and research leaders was used to derive consensus on cancer quality indicators that would be both feasible to collect and were high priority for cancer care systems in LMICs. Workshop participants narrowed the list of 216 quality indicators from the literature review to 34 for inclusion in the subsequent surveys. Experts' responses to the surveys showed consensus around nine high-priority quality indicators for measuring the quality of hospital-based cancer care in LMICs. These quality indicators focus on important processes of care delivery from accurate diagnosis (eg, histologic diagnosis via biopsy and TNM staging) to adequate, timely, and appropriate treatment (eg, completion of radiotherapy and appropriate surgical intervention). The core indicators selected could be used to implement systems of feedback and quality improvement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Técnica Delfos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Atenção à Saúde , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/terapia
4.
BMJ Open Qual ; 13(1)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of quality improvement methodology has increased in recent years due to a perceived benefit in effectively reducing morbidity, mortality and length of stay. Statistical process control (SPC) is an important tool to evaluate these actions, but its use has been limited in abdominal surgery. Previous systematic reviews have examined the use of SPC in healthcare, but relatively few surgery-related articles were found at that time. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review (SR) to evaluate the application of SPC on abdominal surgery specialties between 2004 and 2019. METHODS: An SR following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flow diagram was completed using Embase and Ovid Medline with terms related to abdominal surgery and SPC. RESULTS: A total of 20 articles were selected after applying the exclusion criteria. Most of the articles came from North America, Europe and Australia, and half have been published in the last 5 years. The most common outcome studied was surgical complications. Urology, colorectal and paediatric surgery made up most of the articles. Articles show the application of SPC in various outcomes and the use of different types of graphs, demonstrating flexibility in using SPC. However, some studies did not use SPC in a robust way and these studies were of variable quality. CONCLUSION: This study shows that SPCs are being applied increasingly for most surgical specialties; however, it is still less used than in other fields, such as anaesthesia. We identified conceptual errors in several studies, such as issues with the design or incorrect data analysis. SPCs can be used to increase the quality of surgical care; the use should increase, but critically, the analysis needs to improve to prevent erroneous conclusions being drawn.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Criança , Humanos , Austrália
5.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 88, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302960

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based research has shown that golden hour quality improvement (QI) measures can improve the quality of care and reduce serious complications of premature infants. Herein, we sought to review golden hour QI studies to evaluate the impact on the outcome of preterm infants. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and SinoMed databases from inception to April 03, 2023. Only studies describing QI interventions in the golden hour of preterm infants were included. Outcomes were summarized and qualitative synthesis was performed. RESULTS: Ten studies were eligible for inclusion. All studies were from single centers, of which nine were conducted in the USA and one in Israel. Seven were pre-post comparative studies and three were observational studies. Most included studies were of medium quality (80%). The most common primary outcome was admission temperatures and glucose. Five studies (n = 2308) reported improvements in the admission temperature and three studies (n = 2052) reported improvements in hypoglycemia after QI. Four studies (n = 907) showed that the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) was lower in preterm infants after QI: 106/408 (26.0%) vs. 122/424(29.5%) [OR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.48-0.97, p = 0.04]. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that the golden hour QI bundle can improve the short-term and long-term outcomes for extremely preterm infants. There was considerable heterogeneity and deficiencies in the included studies, and the variation in impact on outcomes suggests the need to use standardized and validated measures. Future studies are needed to develop locally appropriate, high-quality, and replicable QI projects.


Assuntos
Displasia Broncopulmonar , Hipoglicemia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Displasia Broncopulmonar/terapia , Glucose
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3284, 2024 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332245

RESUMO

Terbium-149 (T1/2 = 4.1 h, Eα = 3.98 MeV (16.7%), 28 µm range in tissue) is a radionuclide with potential for targeted alpha therapy. Due to the negligible emission of α-emitting daughter nuclides, toxicity to healthy tissue may be reduced in comparison with other α-particle emitters. In this study, terbium-149 was produced via 1.4 GeV proton irradiation of a tantalum target at the CERN-ISOLDE facility. The spallation products were mass separated and implanted on zinc-coated foils and, later, radiochemically processed. Terbium-149 was separated from the co-produced isobaric radioisotopes and the zinc coating from the implantation foil, using cation-exchange and extraction chromatographic techniques, respectively. At the end of separation, up to 260 MBq terbium-149 were obtained with > 99% radionuclidic purity. Radiolabeling experiments were performed with DOTATATE, achieving 50 MBq/nmol apparent molar activity with radiochemical purity > 99%. The chemical purity was determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry measurements, which showed lead, copper, iron and zinc only at ppb level. The radiolabeling of the somatostatin analogue DOTATATE with [149Tb]TbCl3 and the subsequent in vivo PET/CT scans conducted in xenografted mice, showing good tumor uptake, further demonstrated product quality and its ability to be used in a preclinical setting.


Assuntos
Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Melhoria de Qualidade , Térbio , Animais , Camundongos , Radioisótopos/uso terapêutico , Zinco
7.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 183, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38336769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The success of collaborative quality improvement (QI) projects in healthcare depends on the context and engagement of health teams; however, the factors that modulate teams' motivation to participate in these projects are still unclear. The objective of the current study was to explore the barriers to and facilitators of motivation; the perspective was health professionals in a large project aiming to implement evidence-based infection prevention practices in intensive care units of Brazilian hospitals. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on content analysis of semistructured in-depth interviews held with health professionals who participated in a collaborative QI project named "Improving patient safety on a large scale in Brazil". In accordance with the principle of saturation, we selected a final sample of 12 hospitals located throughout the five regions of Brazil that have implemented QI; then, we conducted videoconference interviews with 28 health professionals from those hospitals. We encoded the interview data with NVivo software, and the interrelations among the data were assessed with the COM-B model. RESULTS: The key barriers identified were belief that improvement increases workload, lack of knowledge about quality improvement, resistance to change, minimal involvement of physicians, lack of supplies, lack support from senior managers and work overload. The primary driver of motivation was tangible outcomes, as evidenced by a decrease in infections. Additionally, factors such as the active participation of senior managers, teamwork, learning in practice and understanding the reason for changes played significant roles in fostering motivation. CONCLUSION: The motivation of health professionals to participate in collaborative QI projects is driven by a variety of barriers and facilitators. The interactions between the senior manager, quality improvement teams, and healthcare professionals generate attitudes that modulate motivation. Thus, these aspects should be considered during the implementation of such projects. Future research could explore the cost-effectiveness of motivational approaches.


Assuntos
Motivação , Melhoria de Qualidade , Humanos , Brasil , Pessoal de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa
8.
BMJ Open Qual ; 13(1)2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351031

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Quality improvement collaboratives (QICs) are a common approach to facilitate practice change and improve care delivery. Attention to QIC implementation processes and outcomes can inform best practices for designing and delivering collaborative content. In partnership with a clinically integrated network, we evaluated implementation outcomes for a virtual QIC with independent primary care practices delivered during COVID-19. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal case study evaluation of a virtual QIC in which practices participated in bimonthly online meetings and monthly tailored QI coaching sessions from July 2020 to June 2021. Implementation outcomes included: (1) level of engagement (meeting attendance and poll questions), (2) QI capacity (assessments completed by QI coaches), (3) use of QI tools (plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycles started and completed) and (4) participant perceptions of acceptability (interviews and surveys). RESULTS: Seven clinics from five primary care practices participated in the virtual QIC. Of the seven sites, five were community health centres, three were in rural counties and clinic size ranged from 1 to 7 physicians. For engagement, all practices had at least one member attend all online QIC meetings and most (9/11 (82%)) poll respondents reported meeting with their QI coach at least once per month. For QI capacity, practice-level scores showed improvements in foundational, intermediate and advanced QI work. For QI tools used, 26 PDCA cycles were initiated with 9 completed. Most (10/11 (91%)) survey respondents were satisfied with their virtual QIC experience. Twelve interviews revealed additional themes such as challenges in obtaining real-time data and working with multiple electronic medical record systems. DISCUSSION: A virtual QIC conducted with independent primary care practices during COVID-19 resulted in high participation and satisfaction. QI capacity and use of QI tools increased over 1 year. These implementation outcomes suggest that virtual QICs may be an attractive alternative to engage independent practices in QI work.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Melhoria de Qualidade , Humanos , Comportamento Cooperativo , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 204, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We identified that Stanford Health Care had a significant number of patients who after discharge are found by the utilization review committee not to meet Center for Mediare and Medicaid Services (CMS) 2-midnight benchmark for inpatient status. Some of the charges incurred during the care of these patients are written-off and known as Medicare 1-day write-offs. This study which aims to evaluate the use of a Best Practice Alert (BPA) feature on the electronic medical record, EPIC, to ensure appropriate designation of a patient's hospitalization status as either inpatient or outpatient in accordance with Center for Medicare and Medicaid services (CMS) 2 midnight length of stay benchmark thereby reducing the number of associated write-offs. METHOD: We incorporated a best practice alert (BPA) into the Epic Electronic Medical Record (EMR) that would prompt the discharging provider and the case manager to review the patients' inpatient designation prior to discharge and change the patient's designation to observation when deemed appropriate. Patients who met the inclusion criteria (Patients must have Medicare fee-for-service insurance, inpatient length of stay (LOS) less than 2 midnights, inpatient designation as hospitalization status at time of discharge, was hospitalized to an acute level of care and belonged to one of 37 listed hospital services at the time of signing of the discharge order) were randomized to have the BPA either silent or active over a three-month period from July 18, 2019, to October 18, 2019. RESULT: A total of 88 patients were included in this study: 40 in the control arm and 48 in the intervention arm. In the intervention arm, 8 (8/48, 16.7%) had an inpatient status designation despite potentially meeting Medicare guidelines for an observation stay, comparing to 23 patients (23/40, 57.5%) patients in the control group (p = 0.001). The estimated number of write-offs in the control arm was 17 (73.9%, out of 23 inpatient patients) while in the intervention arm was 1 (12.5%, out of 8 inpatient patient) after accounting for patients who may have met inpatient criteria for other reasons based on case manager note review. CONCLUSION: This is the first time to our knowledge that a BPA has been used in this manner to reduce the number of Medicare 1-day write-offs.


Assuntos
Medicare , Melhoria de Qualidade , Idoso , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Hospitalização , Tempo de Internação , Alta do Paciente
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3764, 2024 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355779

RESUMO

This study aimed to reduce instrument packaging defects in the Central Sterile Supply Department (CSSD) using action research. Data of the instrument packs packaged by the packaging personnel at the CSSD of the authors' institution during March to May 2023 were collected and analyzed. After identifying the problems, 2 rounds of cyclic process of "plan-action-observe-reflect" were implemented to standardize the packaging procedures and develop and improve the applicable check of standard operating procedures for the CSSD. After strictly implementing the packaging operation standards and checklists, the number of packaging defect cases dropped from 274 to 41. A significant difference was identified between the number of packaging personnel who achieved a "pass" in the assessment of 3 items for maintenance. Also, 1 item for assembly had significant differences compared with the baseline number after the first cycle (P ≤ 0.001). A significant difference was identified between the number of packaging personnel who achieved a "pass" in the assessment of 20 items for 6 components after the second cycle compared with that after the first cycle (P ≤ 0.05). Through action research methodology, strict implementation of standardized packaging procedures in the CSSD can reduce packaging defects, thereby decreasing clinical complaints and ensuring patient safety.


Assuntos
Melhoria de Qualidade , Esterilização , Humanos , Esterilização/métodos , Embalagem de Produtos , Embalagem de Medicamentos , Instalações de Saúde
11.
BMJ Open Qual ; 13(1)2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Surveys are a commonly used tool in quality improvement (QI) projects, but little is known about the standards to which they are designed and applied. We aimed to investigate the quality of surveys used within a QI collaborative, and to characterise the common errors made in survey design. METHODS: Five reviewers (two research methodology and QI, three clinical and QI experts) independently assessed 20 surveys, comprising 250 survey items, that were developed in a North American cystic fibrosis lung transplant transition collaborative. Content Validity Index (CVI) scores were calculated for each survey. Reviewer consensus discussions decided an overall quality assessment for each survey and survey item (analysed using descriptive statistics) and explored the rationale for scoring (using qualitative thematic analysis). RESULTS: 3/20 surveys scored as high quality (CVI >80%). 19% (n=47) of survey items were recommended by the reviewers, with 35% (n=87) requiring improvements, and 46% (n=116) not recommended. Quality assessment criteria were agreed upon. Types of common errors identified included the ethics and appropriateness of questions and survey format; usefulness of survey items to inform learning or lead to action, and methodological issues with survey questions, survey response options; and overall survey design. CONCLUSION: Survey development is a task that requires careful consideration, time and expertise. QI teams should consider whether a survey is the most appropriate form for capturing information during the improvement process. There is a need to educate and support QI teams to adhere to good practice and avoid common errors, thereby increasing the value of surveys for evaluation and QI. The methodology, quality assessment criteria and common errors described in this paper can provide a useful resource for this purpose.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Melhoria de Qualidade , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Projetos de Pesquisa
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3854, 2024 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360733

RESUMO

Blood culture proven sepsis is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Given the extended hospitalization of very preterm infants, catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs) play a substantial role in sepsis. The reported incidence of CRBSIs in neonates varies from 3.2 to 21.8 CRBSIs per 1000 catheter line days. Moreover, discrepancies in neonatal practices and potential neglect may lead to the unwarranted prolongation of central lines. This study aims to compare two distinct periods (Pre-QI vs. Post-QI) in relation to the central line insertion rate and duration, as well as blood culture proven sepsis, duration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and the progression of feeding. These factors are known to be associated with prolonged hospitalization and increased morbidities. A total of 210 very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs), defined as either less than 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) or weighing less than 1500 g, were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, between January 2020 and June 2023. Fourteen infants were excluded from the study as they did not survive beyond 1 month of life, and one was excluded due to a congenital anomaly. Consequently, the analysis included 195 VLBWIs. The Quality Improvement (QI) initiative began in January 2022, marking the division into two distinct epochs: the Pre-QI period, encompassing the years 2020 to 2021, and the Post-QI period, spanning from 2022 to 2023. The primary outcome measures included PICC insertion rates, duration, and feeding advancement or feeding-related complications. The hospital outcome measures were also compared between the two periods. A total of 195 VLBWI were included in the analysis. The birth weight was significantly lower in the pre-QI period, with an average of 1023 g compared to 1218 g (P < 0.001). Severe BPD ≥ moderate was significantly lower in the post-QI period (36.2% vs. 53.9%) (P < 0.001) along with shorter mechanical ventilation days (12 ± 29 vs. 22 ± 27) (P = 0.046). The PICC insertion rate was significantly decreased from 95.6% in pre-QI period compared to 55.2% in post-QI period (P < 0.001) along with a notable reduction in blood culture-proven sepsis (25.6% vs. 10.5%, P = 0.008). CRBSI rate was reduced from 1.3 to 1.1 per 1000 catheter days in the post-QI period. Moreover, the time required to achieve full enteral feeding of 100 mL/kg/day was significantly shorter in the post-QI (24 ± 23 vs. 33 ± 25) (P = 0.006). Multivariable logistic regression analysis for sepsis revealed that both birth weight and pre/post QI consistently demonstrated an association with lower sepsis rates in the Post-QI period. QI has the potential to reduce the burden of unnecessary interventions and blood culture proven sepsis rate along with CRBSI rate, thereby, optimizing the better care of very preterm babies.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Sepse , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Peso ao Nascer , Melhoria de Qualidade , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/prevenção & controle
14.
Crit Care ; 28(1): 47, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365782

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trauma burden is one of the leading causes of young human life and economic loss in low- and middle-income countries. Improved emergency and trauma care systems may save up to 2 million lives in these countries. METHOD: This is a comprehensive expert opinion participated by 4 experts analyzing 6 Asian countries compiling the most pressing trauma care issues in Asia as well as goal directed solutions for uplifting of trauma care in these countries. RESULT: Lack of legislation, stable funding under a dedicated lead agency is a major deterrent to development and sustainment of trauma systems in most Asian countries. While advocating trauma, critical care as a specialty is a key event in the system establishment, Trauma specialized training is challenging in low resource settings and can be circumvented by regional cooperation in creating trauma specialized academic centers of excellence. Trauma quality improvement process is integral to the system maturity but acquisition and analysis of quality data through trauma specific registries is the least developed in the Asian setting.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Ferimentos e Lesões , Humanos , Ásia , Sistema de Registros , Melhoria de Qualidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
15.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e45492, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the ever-increasing offering of SMART technologies (ie, computer-controlled devices acting intelligently and capable of monitoring, analyzing or reporting), a wide gap exists between the development of new technological innovations and their adoption in everyday care for older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the barriers and concerns related to the adoption of SMART technologies among different groups of stakeholders. METHODS: Data from 4 sources were used: semistructured in-person or internet-based interviews with professional caregivers (n=12), structured email interviews with experts in the area of aging (n=9), a web-based survey of older adults (>55 years) attending the Virtual University of the Third Age (n=369), and a case study on the adoption of new technology by an older adult care facility. RESULTS: Although all stakeholders noted the potential of SMART technologies to improve older adult care, multiple barriers to their adoption were identified. Caregivers perceived older adults as disinterested or incompetent in using technology, reported preferring known strategies over new technologies, and noted own fears of using technology. Experts viewed technologies as essential but expressed concerns about cost, low digital competency of older adults, and lack of support or willingness to implement technologies in older adult care. Older adults reported few concerns overall, but among the mentioned concerns were lack of ability or interest, misuse of data, and limited usefulness (in specific subgroups or situations). In addition, older adults' ratings of the usefulness of different technologies correlated with their self-rating of digital competency (r=0.258; P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Older adults appeared to have more positive views of various technologies than professional caregivers; however, their concerns varied by the type of technology. Lack of competence and lack of support were among the common themes, suggesting that educationally oriented programs for both older adults and their caregivers should be pursued.


Assuntos
Melhoria de Qualidade , Tecnologia , Humanos , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Correio Eletrônico , Medo
16.
N Z Med J ; 137(1590): 48-56, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386855

RESUMO

AIMS: To study in-patient mortality before and after the introduction of a whole-of-system sepsis quality improvement programme at a tertiary hospital in New Zealand. METHODS: The "Raise the Flag" sepsis quality improvement programme was launched in 2018. Discharge coding data were used to identify sepsis cases between May 2015 and July 2021. RESULTS: Of 4,268 cases of sepsis identified, 81% were over 55 years old, 34% were of Maori or Pacific Island ethnicity, 61% had significant co-morbid illness and over two thirds (68%) lived in the two highest quintiles of socio-economic deprivation. The adjusted odds of in-patient mortality were lower in the post-launch period (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.7-0.98, p<0.05), and were higher in association with age (aOR 1.04 for every additional year of age, 95% CI 1.03-1.05, p<0.01), socio-economic status (aOR 1.47 comparing the highest quintile of socio-economic deprivation with the lowest, 95% CI 1.06-2.04, p=0.02) and comorbidity (aOR 2.42 comparing a comorbidity score of 1 with a score of 0, 95% CI 2.1-3.52, p<0.01). CONCLUSION: In patients with a sepsis diagnosis, the odds of in-patient death were lower following the launch of the Raise the Flag sepsis quality improvement programme.


Assuntos
Melhoria de Qualidade , Sepse , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Povo Maori , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Sepse/mortalidade , Centros de Atenção Terciária , População das Ilhas do Pacífico
17.
Am J Nurs ; 124(3): 34-37, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386831

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The framework for the PICO (population, intervention, comparison intervention, outcome) question was developed for use in the field of medicine to help determine the best treatment or intervention for a patient. However, use of the PICO question often fails to make sense when the problem or issue of interest is unrelated to determining the best treatment; in such cases, PICO is a less-than-optimal framework to use in searching for evidence. Nurses undertaking an evidence-based practice quality improvement (EBPQI) initiative must begin with a full understanding of the problem by exploring both external evidence (research) and internal evidence from the local setting to support the initiative. This article presents the framework for an alternative question-PPCO, or problem, population, change, outcome-that simplifies the search for evidence and provides a universal approach to question development for EBPQI initiatives. The PPCO question was developed for use with all nursing issues that need addressing.


Assuntos
Melhoria de Qualidade , Humanos
18.
Appl Clin Inform ; 15(1): 121-128, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The number of surgeries performed in the United States has increased over the past two decades, with a shift to the ambulatory setting. Perioperative complications and mortality pose significant health care burdens. Inadequate preoperative assessment and documentation contribute to communication failure and poor patient outcomes. The aim of this quality improvement project was to design and implement a preoperative evaluation documentation template that not only improved communication during the perioperative pathway but also enhanced the overall user experience. METHODS: We implemented a revamped evidence-based documentation template in the electronic medical records of a health care organization across three internal medicine clinics on the downtown campus and seven satellite family medicine clinics. A pre- and postintervention design was used to assess the template utilization rate and clinician satisfaction. RESULTS: The preoperative template utilization rate increased from 51.2% at baseline to 66.5% after the revamped template "went live" (p < 0.001). Clinician satisfaction with the preoperative documentation template also significantly increased (30.6 vs. 80.0%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Adopting a user-friendly, evidence-based documentation template can enhance the standardization of preoperative evaluation documentation and reduce the documentation burden.


Assuntos
Documentação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos , Comunicação , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Melhoria de Qualidade
19.
BMJ Open Qual ; 13(1)2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388026

RESUMO

Although the American College of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires that medical trainees acquire competencies in patient safety and quality improvement (QI), no standard curriculum exists. We envisaged that a sustainable QI curriculum would be a pragmatic way to improve residents' skills and competence in patient safety. Our aim was to develop and evaluate a patient safety-oriented QI curriculum in an established family medicine residency programme. A patient safety curriculum fulfilling ACGME requirements was developed and implemented in a family residency programme. The curriculum comprised didactics, self-paced online modules, experiential learning through individual QI projects, and mortality and morbidity conferences. The programme was evaluated using a survey at the end of its first year. We assessed knowledge on patient safety and QI, confidence in discussing safety concerns with peers, and ability to recognise safety gaps and initiate corrective actions. We also assessed the perception of the programme's relevance to the residents' training. All 36 residents participated, 19 completed the evaluation survey. Fifteen (79%) respondents reported learning more about the causes of medical errors, 42% could report safety concerns and 26% could recognise quality gaps. In addition, 58% felt the curriculum increased their confidence in discussing patient safety concerns with peers while 74% found the curriculum very relevant to their training. Some participants described the programme as 'very productive'. Embedding a QI curriculum into the ongoing residency training may be a realistic approach to training family medicine residents with no prior formal QI training.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Segurança do Paciente , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/educação , Competência Clínica
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