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3.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 10-15, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860478

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of 14 novice nurse faculty of a 20-month experiential leadership academy on the leadership development. BACKGROUND: Managing the complexities of nursing faculty roles requires significant leadership skills that often are hard won. Evidence suggests that leadership preparation to prepare nursing faculty through guided mentoring can enhance faculty recruitment, satisfaction, and retention. METHOD: Participants completed open-ended questions about their experiences in Sigma Theta Tau International's Nurse Faculty Leadership Academy. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed a meta-theme of "Finding Authentic Leadership Voice." Four subthemes emerged to shape the meta-theme: Identifying Inner Strengths and Areas for Improvement, Increasing Self-Confidence and Self-Awareness, Increasing Focus on Others, and Clarifying Aspirations for a Leadership Future. CONCLUSION: Reflecting on their experiences, participants recognized changes in their leadership roles as they found an authentic voice that helped them persist and thrive amid the complexities of their faculty roles.


Assuntos
Liderança , Tutoria , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Docentes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Mentores
4.
Br J Nurs ; 28(22): 1478-1484, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the Nursing and Midwifery Council has emphasised that its recently introduced standards for student supervision and assessment aim to 'ensure that no one gets onto the register who shouldn't be there'. A key element in achieving this is the new practice assessor role, implemented to bolster practical assessment processes. AIM: to identify the key personal characteristics of robust practice assessors who are prepared to fail underperforming students. METHOD: a national study, using a grounded theory approach. Thirty-one nurses were interviewed about their experiences of failing students in practice-based assessments. FINDINGS: robust practical assessors have a 'core of steel', characterised as having five key features: solidarity, tenacity, audacity, integrity and dependability. CONCLUSION: organisations should base their selection of practice assessors on how strongly they exhibit these five characteristics. Designating all current mentors as new practice assessors, when it is known that often they are reluctant to fail, could perpetuate failure to fail.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Avaliação Educacional/normas , Mentores/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reino Unido
5.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ; 16(1): 57, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coaches are considered as an important source of nutrition information by their athletes. However, their knowledge in this area is often insufficient for proper guidance and may lead to the dissemination of misinformation regarding sports nutrition. The aim of this study was to assess coaches' intentions as well as psychosocial determinants underlying their intentions to provide sports nutrition recommendations to their high school athletes. METHODS: Coaches (n = 47) completed a Web-based questionnaire based on the theory of planned behaviour, to assess their intentions to provide three different sports nutrition recommendations and their determinants. Multiple regression analyses were used to identify the variables that were most strongly related to the intentions. RESULTS: Forty-six, 44.7 and 91.9% of coaches had the intention to recommend a higher consumption of foods rich in carbohydrates, foods rich in proteins and an increase in hydration to their athletes, respectively. Subjective norm was the only significant determinant of coaches' intention to recommend a higher consumption of foods rich in carbohydrates (R2 = 53.7%, ß = 0.73 ± 0.12, P < 0.0001). Subjective norm and perceived behavioural control were significantly associated with coaches' intentions to recommend a higher consumption of foods rich in proteins (R2 = 25.9%, ß = 0.50 ± 0.16, P = 0.002 and R2 = 17.2%, ß = 0.39 ± 0.17, P = 0.01, respectively) and an increase in hydration (R2 = 26.8%, ß = 0.38 ± 0.13, P = 0.001 and R2 = 46.3%, ß = 0.58 ± 0.11, P < 0.0001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that subjective norm and perceived behavioural control represent important determinants of coaches' intentions to provide recommendations on sports nutrition. These findings should be considered in future interventions aimed at facilitating proper general sports nutrition recommendations provided by coaches to their athletes.


Assuntos
Intenção , Tutoria , Mentores , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva , Adolescente , Adulto , Atletas , Dieta , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necessidades Nutricionais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Dent Mater ; 35(12): e310-e316, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679766

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The long history of the Academy of Dental Materials (ADM) is documented with its strategies (a) to rapidly communicate science among its members, (b) to establish special awards to stimulate new science, and (c) to develop new dental materials scientists. METHODS: We searched the history of the last 35 years of the ADM newsletters, transactions, journals, and officer notes. We document the (a) presidents, (b) meeting history, (c) membership growth, and (d) development of special awards through 2019 with the recent creation of the ADM Marshall Post-Doctoral Award. RESULTS: There are 36 years of recent ADM history, 42 international meetings, membership growth to 400 individuals from 15 countries, service of 19 presidents, Paffenbarger annual Awardees since 1989, induction of >200 fellows, and recognition of the first winner of Marshall Post-Doctoral Award in 2018. New directions for recruiting members are suggested. Three potential new thrusts for the organization are presented: artificial intelligence, genetic engineering, and intensive member mentoring. SIGNIFICANCE: These suggestions for the ADM provide a path for the ADM to continue to adapt to the ever changing scientific landscape.


Assuntos
Mentores , Animais
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 208, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692729

RESUMO

The Mozambican Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (Moz-FELTP) is a two-year, competency-based post-graduate training and service program designed to build sustainable public health capacity in applied epidemiology. Despite the efforts, Moz-FELTP residents have historically difficulty to publishing their work for a variety of reasons that includes language barriers, lack of writing skills and motivation, limited budgetary support and lack of effective mentorship. This outline the need for different approaches to continuous improving the publication, such scientific writing mentorship for non-English FELTP residents.


Assuntos
Epidemiologia/educação , Linguagem , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa/educação , Educação Baseada em Competências , Humanos , Laboratórios , Mentores , Moçambique , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública
8.
9.
Br Dent J ; 227(7): 540, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605042
10.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(5): 271-279, sept.-oct. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184151

RESUMO

Objetivo: Conocer las opiniones de los tutores y de los estudiantes del Grado en Enfermería sobre las prácticas clínicas e identificar estrategias y propuestas de mejora para el desempeño de la labor docente. Método: Estudio cualitativo con perspectiva fenomenológica mediante grupos focales con enfermeros tutores de prácticas clínicas y estudiantes de Enfermería. Los participantes se segmentaron en 3 grupos: estudiantes, tutores del área médica y tutores del área quirúrgica. El número de grupos lo determinó la saturación de la información. Se transcribieron los discursos y se realizó un análisis manual sintáctico y semántico de los discursos para extraer las variables de análisis. Se obtuvieron los permisos del Comité de Ética de la Investigación Provincial y del centro correspondiente. Resultados: Tanto los tutores como los estudiantes destacan la necesidad de capacitar a los tutores en las habilidades formativas y proporcionarles herramientas que faciliten su labor, así como el reconocimiento formal de su función docente. En sus discursos, ambos colectivos proponen un cambio de visión y, sobre todo, de actitudes en el desarrollo de la enseñanza-aprendizaje. Y, por último, se manifiesta la necesidad de un cambio en el modelo de relaciones entre la Universidad y los servicios sanitarios. Conclusiones: Con base en lo anteriormente expuesto, se identifica la necesidad de incentivar y formar a los profesionales clínicos para la función tutorial y de plantear un cambio de modelo que propicie un acercamiento entre la Universidad y el sistema sanitario


Objective: To discover the opinions of the tutors and students of the Degree in Nursing on clinical practices and identify strategies and improvement proposals for teacher performance. Method: A qualitative study with a phenomenological perspective through focus groups with clinical nurse tutors and nursing students. The participants were divided into 3 groups: students, tutors from the medical area and tutors from the surgical area. The number of groups was determined by saturation of the information. The discourse was transcribed and a syntactic and semantic manual analysis of the discourse was made to extract the analysis variables. Permission was obtained from the Provincial Research Ethics Committee and the corresponding centre. Results: Both the tutors and the students emphasized the need to train tutors in teaching skills and provide them with tools that facilitate their work, as well as the need for formal recognition of their teaching function. In their discourse, both groups proposed a change of vision, and above all of attitudes, in the development of teaching-learning. Finally, there is a need for a change in the model of relations between the University and health services. Conclusions: Based on the above, the need to encourage and train clinical professionals as tutors is identified and a change of model proposed to bring the University and the health system closer together


Assuntos
Humanos , Estágio Clínico/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Mentores , Análise Qualitativa , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração
11.
Br Dent J ; 227(5): 343-346, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520029

RESUMO

Today's dental graduates are entering the profession in a difficult environment, where patient complaints, litigation and referrals to the regulator are commonplace. This has been cited as causing a 'climate of fear'. However, in order to understand the pressures facing our new graduates, we must first understand how recent changes in society have affected the way in which this generation has been raised. We should also accept the role of individuals, and the profession as a whole, in changing the current climate and promoting graduates' professional development through appropriate risk management, coaching and mentoring.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Mentores , Clima , Medo , Humanos
12.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 32(1-2): 23-26, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540652

RESUMO

Burnout among vascular surgery trainees is a significant problem and needs to be addressed at the level of the individual, training program duties, and at each institution. The clinical challenges and patient-oriented care required of a vascular surgeon generate a level of stress that requires its recognition and development of coping methods to promote well-being and personal happiness. There are ways to minimize burnout during surgical training, including acknowledgment of its symptoms, mentorship, self-care, and access to resources for stress reduction. Crucial factors in maintaining a positive outlook and a sense of meaningful work are faculty entrustability, receptive leadership, celebrating small victories, and recognition that resiliency is a skill that can be learned. Successful vascular surgeon training is a mission that requires everyone involved to actively promote well-being behavior and a supportive work environment. With appropriate implementation of these practices, our training programs can cultivate surgeons who are competent, compassionate, and committed to advancing vascular care.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Saúde Mental , Cirurgiões/educação , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/educação , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Currículo , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Liderança , Mentores , Resiliência Psicológica , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
13.
J Dent Educ ; 83(12): 1420-1426, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548304

RESUMO

Few studies have been published on thesis completion experiences of master's degree students. However, for doctoral students, dissertation completion has been found to be dependent on individual, relational, and institutional factors. The aim of this study was to examine dental hygienists' perceptions of their experiences completing a thesis as a requirement for an advanced degree. A qualitative phenomenological research design was used utilizing virtual focus groups with a national purposive sample of dental hygienists (n=25) who had graduated from a degree program in which a thesis was a requirement for the degree. Data analysis used an inductive approach to identify themes using Liechty et al.'s framework of individual, relational, and institutional factors impacting completion of a dissertation. Liechty et al.'s framework is based on Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of learning. In the results, individual factors identified included family/work responsibilities, lack of understanding of the thesis process, time management, health issues, and reaching personal and professional goals. Relational factors focused primarily on positive and negative experiences with the thesis advisor/committee and support from expert peers/family. Institutional factors included the thesis structure, financial concerns, and challenges in recruiting research participants. This study found many factors influencing the thesis experience that may help guide the process in graduate degree programs. In addition, the findings suggest a need to provide mentoring and support for thesis advisors and committee members to more effectively guide students through the thesis process. Effective modifications of these may improve retention of students and facilitate timely completion of thesis research.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Mentores , Estudantes
15.
Nature ; 573(7772): 5, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481788
16.
Curr Urol Rep ; 20(10): 61, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478091

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the current state of underrepresented minorities (URM) and women within urology. Specific strategies to promote the recruitment and retention of URM and women within urology are discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Minorities and women remain underrepresented within urology, a disparity that has roots as early as medical school and persists throughout residency and practice. This is likely due to implicit and explicit bias, lack of role models, and persistent disparities in compensation and promotion. Strategies to improve recruitment and retention of these individuals should focus on increasing early exposure to urology, opportunities for mentorship, and support in professional development. Creation of a supportive institutional culture, consideration of alternative career advancement paths, and intentional diversity-focused recruitment efforts are also critical. Successful recruitment and retention of URM and women in urology requires specific, directed efforts to increase opportunities for exposure, mentorship, and career promotion at a programmatic, institutional, and national level.


Assuntos
Escolha da Profissão , Grupos Minoritários , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Médicas , Urologia/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Mentores , Cultura Organizacional , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Estados Unidos
18.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 288, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409297

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Option B+ is a comprehensive antiretroviral treatment (ART) designed for HIV-infected pregnant/ postpartum women. However, barriers to implementing Option B+ and establishing long-term ART adherence while facilitating retention in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services remain. Community-based mentor mothers (cMMs) who can provide home-based support for PMTCT services may address some of the barriers to successful adoption and retention in Option B+. Thus, we evaluated the acceptability of using cMMs as home-based support for PMTCT services. METHODS: Gender-matched in-depth interviews were conducted between September-November 2014 for HIV-infected pregnant/postpartum women and their male partners living in southwestern Kenya (n = 40); additionally, we conducted four focus groups involving 30 health workers (n = 70) within four health facilities. Audio-recordings were transcribed, translated, and then coded using a thematic analytical approach in which data were deductively and inductively coded with support from prior literature, identified themes within the interview guides, and emerging themes from the transcripts utilizing Dedoose software. RESULTS: Overall, the study results suggest high acceptability of cMMs among individual participants and health workers. Stigma reduction, improvement of utilization of health care services, as well as ART adherence were most frequently discussed potential benefits of cMMs. Participants pictured a cMM as someone acting as a role model and confidant, and who was over 30 years old. Many respondents raised concerns about breaches of confidentiality and inadvertent disclosure. Respondent suggestions to overcome these issues included the cMM working in different communities than where she lives and attending home-visits with no identifying clothing as an HIV-related health worker. CONCLUSIONS: The home-based cMM approach may be a beneficial and acceptable strategy for promoting ART adherence and retention within PMTCT services for pregnant/postpartum women living with HIV. Considering the risks of inadvertent disclosure of HIV-infected status and related negative consequences for pregnant/postpartum women living with HIV, similar cMM program designs may benefit from recognizing and addressing these risks. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The MOTIVATE! study was registered on July 7, 2015 at the ClinicalTrials.gov ( NCT02491177 ).


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Mentores , Mães , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Gestantes , Apoio Social , Adulto , Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Pessoal de Saúde , Visita Domiciliar , Humanos , Quênia , Masculino , Adesão à Medicação , Grupo Associado , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cônjuges , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Dent Educ ; 83(12): 1392-1401, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406008

RESUMO

The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the faculty mentoring practices in seven dental schools in the U.S. A 34-item survey was administered electronically to dental faculty members of all ranks, tracks, and job categories in seven dental schools using faculty listservs. Survey questions addressed current mentoring practices in which the faculty members were involved; their perceptions of those mentoring practices; their perceived characteristics of an ideal mentoring program, mentor, and mentee; perceived best practices; and respondents' demographics. The survey was conducted from October 2017 to February 2018. A total of 154 surveys were completed (response rate 22%). Over 58% (90/154) of the respondents reported receiving no mentoring; 31.9% (49/154) said they received informal mentoring; and 9.7% (15/154) received formal mentoring. Of the 64 respondents who received mentoring, both formal and informal, 92.2% (59/64) were full-time faculty, and 7.8% (5/64) were part-time faculty (p=0.001). Approximately 39% of the respondents indicated that their mentoring program was not overseen by anyone and that participation was voluntary. The top three perceived benefits of mentoring were increased overall professional development, development of a career plan, and increased professional networks. The three most important characteristics of an ideal mentoring program for the respondents were a program based on the needs of the mentee, a mentor who has the desire to help the mentee, and a mentee who is eager to learn. The results of this study showed a very low level of formal or informal faculty mentoring programs in the dental schools surveyed. Future studies are needed to determine best practices and strategies to expand and enhance mentoring of faculty members.


Assuntos
Tutoria , Estudos Transversais , Docentes de Odontologia , Humanos , Mentores , Faculdades de Odontologia
20.
Nat Rev Cancer ; 19(10): 547-552, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417200

RESUMO

Gender inequality in science is a real issue, and without frank and open discussions leading to positive action it is likely to remain so. In February 2019, Nature Reviews Cancer was kindly invited to be part of a 'Women in Science Mentoring' panel discussion, which took place at the Lorne Cancer Conference in Victoria, Australia. Inspired by the scientific career paths and experiences of the women on the panel, we decided to share their stories with our readers in this Viewpoint article, along with their opinions on how men and women must equally take responsibility for supporting and empowering female scientists. To this end, we hope we might contribute in some small way to highlighting a few of the issues surrounding gender bias in cancer research, as well as science more generally, and show our commitment to ensuring gender diversity within the journal.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Oncologia/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Sexismo , Mulheres Trabalhadoras , Congressos como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mentores
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