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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1302: 342509, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580413

RESUMO

Functional nucleic acids (FNAs) have attracted a lot of attention for the rapid detection of metal ions. Cr3+ is one of the major heavy metal ions in natural waters. Due to the slow ligand exchange rate of Cr3+, the FNA-based Cr3+ sensors require long assay times, limiting the on-site applications. In this study, we report that the good's buffers containing amino and polyhydroxy groups greatly increase the ligand exchange rate of Cr3+. Using EDTA as a model coordinate ligand, the Tris buffer (100 mM, pH 7.0) showed the best acceleration effect among the eight buffers. It improved the rate constant ∼20-fold, shorten the half-time 19-fold, and lowered the activation energy ∼70% at 40 °C. The Tris buffer was then applied for sensor based on the Cr3+-binding induced fluorescence quenching of fluorescein (FAM)-labeled and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), which shortened the assay time from 1 h to 1 min. The Tris buffer also ∼100% enhanced the fluorescence intensity of FAM, achieving the 11.4-fold lower limit of detection (LOD = 6.97 nM, S/N = 3). By the combination use of the Tris buffer and ascorbic acid, the strong interference from Cu2+, Pb2+, and Fe3+ suffered in many previous reported Cr3+ sensors was avoided. The practical application of the sensor for the detection of Cr3+ spiked in the real water samples were demonstrated with high recovery percentages. The Tris buffer could be applied for other metal ions with slow ligand exchange rate (such as V2+, Co3+ and Fe2+) to solve diverse issues such as long assay time and low synthesis yield of metal complexes, without the need of heating treatment.


Assuntos
Cromo , Trometamina , Cromo/química , Fluorescência , Ligantes , Metais , Íons , DNA de Cadeia Simples
2.
Molecules ; 29(7)2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611776

RESUMO

The aim of this case study was the evaluation of the selected metals' concentration, potential toxic compound identification, cytotoxicity analysis, estimation of the airborne dust concentration, biodiversity, and number of microorganisms in the environment (leachate, soil, air) of the biggest uncontrolled post-industrial landfills in Poland. Based on the results obtained, preliminary solutions for the future management of post-industrial objects that have become an uncontrolled landfill were indicated. In the air, the PM1 fraction dominated, constituting 78.1-98.2% of the particulate matter. Bacterial counts were in the ranges of 9.33 × 101-3.21 × 103 CFU m-3 (air), 1.87 × 105-2.30 × 106 CFU mL-1 (leachates), and 8.33 × 104-2.69 × 106 CFU g-1 (soil). In the air, the predominant bacteria were Cellulosimicrobium and Stenotrophomonas. The predominant fungi were Mycosphaerella, Cladosporium, and Chalastospora. The main bacteria in the leachates and soils were Acinetobacter, Mortierella, Proteiniclasticum, Caloramator, and Shewanella. The main fungi in the leachates and soils were Lindtneria. Elevated concentrations of Pb, Zn, and Hg were detected. The soil showed the most pronounced cytotoxic potential, with rates of 36.55%, 63.08%, and 100% for the A-549, Caco-2, and A-549 cell lines. Nine compounds were identified which may be responsible for this cytotoxic effect, including 2,4,8-trimethylquinoline, benzo(f)quinoline, and 1-(m-tolyl)isoquinoline. The microbiome included bacteria and fungi potentially metabolizing toxic compounds and pathogenic species.


Assuntos
Poeira , Mercúrio , Humanos , Células CACO-2 , Metais , Solo
3.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300440, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598505

RESUMO

The automatic detection of the degree of surface corrosion on metal structures is of significant importance for assessing structural damage and safety. To effectively identify the corrosion status on the surface of coastal metal facilities, this study proposed a CBG-YOLOv5s model for metal surface corrosion detection, based on the YOLOv5s model. Firstly, we integrated the Convolutional Block Attention Module (CBAM) into the C3 module and developed the C3CBAM module. This module effectively enhanced the channel and spatial attention capabilities of the feature map, thereby improving the feature representation. Second, we introduced a multi-scale feature fusion concept in the feature fusion part of the model and added a small target detection layer to improve small target detection. Finally, we designed a lighter C3Ghost module, which reduced the number of parameters and the computational load of the model, thereby improving the running speed of the model. In addition, to verify the effectiveness of our method, we constructed a dataset containing 6000 typical images of metal surface corrosion and conducted extensive experiments on this dataset. The results showed that compared to the YOLOv5s model and several other commonly used object detection models, our method achieved superior performance in terms of detection accuracy and speed.


Assuntos
Utensílios Domésticos , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Corrosão , Metais
4.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 53(2): 267-274, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of metals/metalloids exposure with risk of liver disfunction among occupational population in Hunan Province, and to explore the potential dose-response relationship. METHODS: In 2017, a mining area in Hunan Province was chosen as the research site, and eligible workers were recruited as study subjects. General demographic characteristics, levels of 23 metals/metalloids in plasma and urine, and liver function index(total bilirubin(TBIL), alanine amino transferase(ALT), globulin(GLB) and γ-glutamyl transferase(GGT)) were obtained by questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory tests. Participants were followed up in 2018, 2019 and 2020 respectively. Cox proportional risk model was used to evaluate the relationship between metal/metalloids exposure and risk of liver disfunction, and dose-response relationship curves were plotted by using the restricted cubic spline function. RESULTS: A total of 891 employees were recruited in the study, 576(65.0%)were aged ≤45 years, 832(93.4%) were male and 530(59.5%) worked as smelters. After adjusting various factors such as age, gender, BMI, type of work, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, stress, medical history, exercise and tea consumption, positive correlations were found between plasma tungsten(HR=4.90, 95%CI 1.17-20.48) and urinary barium(HR=1.07, 95%CI 1.02-1.12) levels with abnormally elevated TBIL levels. Additionally, a significant association was observed between plasma thallium and the risk of elevated ALT levels(HR=11.15, 95%CI 1.97-63.29). CONCLUSION: Plasma tungsten and thallium, along with barium found in urine, are risk factors for the development of abnormally elevated liver function indices in occupational groups.


Assuntos
Hepatopatias , Metaloides , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Tálio , Bário , Tungstênio , Metais
5.
Water Environ Res ; 96(4): e11019, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590287

RESUMO

The Langmuir isotherm, originally developed to study the adsorption of gases, has been modified in this research to investigate the adsorption of solutes in the solution phase. The modification considers the adsorption of solvent molecules and the interactions between adsorbed particles and the species in the solution. Three equations have been obtained to calculate the contribution of these additional effects on the Gibbs free energy, enthalpy, and entropy of solute adsorption based on the new isotherm. The study evaluated the efficiency of the new isotherm in the adsorption of some metal ions in an aqueous solution and found that it is more accurate than the Langmuir isotherm and provides a deeper insight into the adsorption process in the solution phase. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Modification of the Langmuir isotherm for adsorption in solution. Comparison of the efficiency of the Langmuir and modified Langmuir isotherms. Accurate determination of ∆ H ads o $$ \Delta {H}_{ads}^o $$ and ∆ S ads o $$ \Delta {S}_{ads}^o $$ for Pb(II), Cd(II), and Ni(II) adsorption.


Assuntos
Metais , Adsorção , Cinética , Termodinâmica , Soluções , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
6.
Protein Sci ; 33(5): e4971, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591647

RESUMO

As protein crystals are increasingly finding diverse applications as scaffolds, controlled crystal polymorphism presents a facile strategy to form crystalline assemblies with controllable porosity with minimal to no protein engineering. Polymorphs of consensus tetratricopeptide repeat proteins with varying porosity were obtained through co-crystallization with metal salts, exploiting the innate metal ion geometric requirements. A single structurally exposed negative amino acid cluster was responsible for metal coordination, despite the abundance of negatively charged residues. Density functional theory calculations showed that while most of the crystals were the most thermodynamically stable assemblies, some were kinetically trapped states. Thus, crystalline porosity diversity is achieved and controlled with metal coordination, opening a new scope in the application of proteins as biocompatible protein-metal-organic frameworks (POFs). In addition, metal-dependent polymorphic crystals allow direct comparison of metal coordination preferences.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Proteínas , Proteínas/genética , Proteínas/química , Metais/química , Cristalização
7.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 7(4): 2346-2353, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556982

RESUMO

In this study, we designed and synthesized metalloporphyrin derivatives (with Ni and Zn) specifically intended for the fluorescence detection of nicotine in aqueous solutions. Our results showcased a notable selectivity for nicotine over other naturally occurring food toxins, exhibiting an exceptional sensitivity with a limit of detection as low as 7.2 nM. Through mechanistic investigations (1H NMR, FT-IR, etc.), we elucidated the binding mechanism, revealing the specific interaction between the pyridine ring of nicotine and the metal center, while the N atom pyrrolidine unit engaged in the hydrogen bonding with the side chain of the porphyrin ring. Notably, we observed that the nature of the metal center dictated the extent of interaction with nicotine; particularly, Zn-porphyrin demonstrated a superior response compared to Ni-porphyrin. Furthermore, we performed the quantitative estimation of nicotine in commercially available tobacco products. Additionally, we conducted the antibacterial (Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli) and antifungal (Candida albicans) activities of the porphyrin derivatives.


Assuntos
Metaloporfirinas , Porfirinas , Metaloporfirinas/farmacologia , Nicotina/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Metais , Porfirinas/farmacologia , Porfirinas/química , Escherichia coli
8.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 382(2): 13, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607428

RESUMO

The synthesis of thioether derivatives has been explored widely due to the potential application of these derivatives in medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutical industry and material chemistry. Within this context, there has been an increasing demand for the environmentally benign construction of C-S bonds via C-H functionalization under metal-free conditions. In the present article, we highlight recent developments in metal-free sulfenylation that have occurred in the past three years. The synthesis of organosulfur compounds via a metal-free approach using a variety of sulfur sources, including thiophenols, disulfides, sulfonyl hydrazides, sulfonyl chlorides, elemental sulfur and sulfinates, is discussed. Non-conventional strategies, which refer to the development of thioether derivatives under visible light and electrochemically mediated conditions, are also discussed. The key advantages of the reviewed methodologies include broad substrate scope and high reaction yields under environmentally benign conditions. This comprehensive review will provide chemists with a synthetic tool that will facilitate further development in this field.


Assuntos
Dissulfetos , Hidrazinas , Luz , Metais , Enxofre
9.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 255: 116235, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579623

RESUMO

Multiplexed immunodetection, which achieves qualitative and quantitative outcomes for multiple targets in a single-run process, provides more sufficient results to guarantee food safety. Especially, lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA), with the ability to offer multiple test lines for analytes and one control line for verification, is a forceful candidate in multiplexed immunodetection. Nevertheless, given that single-signal mode is incredibly vulnerable to interference, further efforts should be engrossed on the combination of multiplexed immunodetection and multiple signals. Photothermal signal has sparked significant excitement in designing immunosensors. In this work, by optimizing and comparing the amount of gold, CuS@Au heterojunctions (CuS@Au HJ) were synthesized. The dual-plasmonic metal-semiconductor hybrid heterojunction exhibits a synergistic photothermal performance by increasing light absorption and encouraging interfacial electron transfer. Meanwhile, the colorimetric property is synergistic enhanced, which is conducive to reduce the consumption of antibodies and then improve assay sensitivity. Therefore, CuS@Au HJ are suitable to be constructed in a dual signal and multiplexed LFIA (DSM-LFIA). T-2 toxin and deoxynivalenol (DON) were used as model targets for the simulated multiplex immunoassay. In contrast to colloidal gold-based immunoassay, the built-in sensor has increased sensitivity by ≈ 4.42 times (colorimetric mode) and ≈17.79 times (photothermal mode) for DON detection and by ≈ 1.75 times (colorimetric mode) and ≈13.09 times (photothermal mode) for T-2 detection. As a proof-of-concept application, this work provides a reference to the design of DSM-LFIA for food safety detection.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Colorimetria , Imunoensaio , Metais
10.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 255: 116263, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593715

RESUMO

Aggregation-induced electrochemiluminescence (AIECL) technology has aroused widespread interest due to the significant improve in ECL response by solving the problems of aggregation-caused quenching and poor water solubility of the luminophore. However, the existing AIECL emitters still suffer from low ECL efficiency, additional coreactants and complex synthesis steps, which greatly limit their applications. Herein, luminol, as a kind of AIE molecule, was assembled with Zn2+ nodes to obtain a novel microflower-like Zinc-luminol metal-organic gel (Zn-MOG) by one-step method. In the light of the strong affinity of N atoms in luminol ligand to Zn2+, Zn-MOG with vigorous viscosity and stability can be formed immediately after vortex oscillation, overcoming the main difficulties of the complicated synthesis steps and poor film-forming performance encountered in current AIECL materials. Impressively, an AIECL resonance energy transfer (RET) biosensor was constructed using Zn-MOG as a donor and Alexa Fluor 430 as an acceptor in combination with DNA-Fuel-driven target recycling amplification for the ultrasensitive detection of PiRNA-823. The fabricated biosensor exhibited a wide linear relationship in the range of 100 aM to 100 pM and a detection limit as low as 60.0 aM. This work is the first to realize the construction of ECL emitters using the AIE effect of luminol, which provides inspiration for the design of AIECL systems without adding coreactants.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Luminol , Zinco , RNA de Interação com Piwi , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Metais
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612474

RESUMO

The advent of deep learning algorithms for protein folding opened a new era in the ability of predicting and optimizing the function of proteins once the sequence is known. The task is more intricate when cofactors like metal ions or small ligands are essential to functioning. In this case, the combined use of traditional simulation methods based on interatomic force fields and deep learning predictions is mandatory. We use the example of [FeFe] hydrogenases, enzymes of unicellular algae promising for biotechnology applications to illustrate this situation. [FeFe] hydrogenase is an iron-sulfur protein that catalyzes the chemical reduction of protons dissolved in liquid water into molecular hydrogen as a gas. Hydrogen production efficiency and cell sensitivity to dioxygen are important parameters to optimize the industrial applications of biological hydrogen production. Both parameters are related to the organization of iron-sulfur clusters within protein domains. In this work, we propose possible three-dimensional structures of Chlorella vulgaris 211/11P [FeFe] hydrogenase, the sequence of which was extracted from the recently published genome of the given strain. Initial structural models are built using: (i) the deep learning algorithm AlphaFold; (ii) the homology modeling server SwissModel; (iii) a manual construction based on the best known bacterial crystal structure. Missing iron-sulfur clusters are included and microsecond-long molecular dynamics of initial structures embedded into the water solution environment were performed. Multiple-walkers metadynamics was also used to enhance the sampling of structures encompassing both functional and non-functional organizations of iron-sulfur clusters. The resulting structural model provided by deep learning is consistent with functional [FeFe] hydrogenase characterized by peculiar interactions between cofactors and the protein matrix.


Assuntos
Chlorella vulgaris , Hidrogenase , Metais , Ferro , Hidrogênio , Enxofre , Água
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612636

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous environmental pollutants. Its mechanism of action is multidirectional; among other things, it disrupts the balance of key essential elements. The aim of this study was to assess how cumulative exposure to Cd influences its interaction with selected essential elements (Cu, Zn, Ca, and Mg) in the kidney and liver during long-term observation (90 and 180 days) after subchronic exposure of rats (90 days) to Cd at common environmental (0.09 and 0.9 mg Cd/kg b.w.) and higher (1.8 and 4.5 mg Cd/kg b.w.) doses. Cd and essential elements were analyzed using the F-AAS and GF-AAS techniques. It was shown that the highest bioaccumulation of Cd in the kidney occurred six months after the end of exposure, and importantly, the highest accumulation was found after the lowest Cd dose (i.e., environmental exposure). Organ bioaccumulation of Cd (>21 µgCd/g w.w. in the kidney and >6 µgCd/g w.w. in the liver) was accompanied by changes in the other studied essential elements, particularly Cu in both the kidney and liver and Zn in the liver; these persisted for as long as six months after the end of the exposure. The results suggest that the critical concentration in human kidneys (40 µgCd/g w.w.), currently considered safe, may be too high and should be reviewed, as the observed long-term imbalance of Cu/Zn in the kidneys may lead to renal dysfunction.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Fígado , Humanos , Animais , Ratos , Cádmio/toxicidade , Seguimentos , Rim , Metais , Homeostase
13.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 260, 2024 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607575

RESUMO

Isoniazid and streptomycin are vital drugs for treating tuberculosis, which are utilized as efficient anti-tuberculosis agents. This paper presents a novel visible-light-driven composite photocatalyst Ti3C2/Bi/BiOI, which was built from Ti3C2 nanosheets and Bi/BiOI microspheres. Photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensors based on Ti3C2/Bi/BiOI were synthesized for isoniazid identification, which showed a linear concentration range of 0.1-125 µM with a detection limit of 0.05 µM (S/N = 3). Moreover, we designed a PEC aptasensors based on aptamer/Ti3C2/Bi/BiOI to detect streptomycin in 0.1 M PBS covering the electron donor isoniazid, because the isoniazid consumes photogenerated holes thus increasing the photocurrent effectively and preventing photogenerated electron-hole pairs from being recombined. Furthermore, PEC aptasensors based on aptamer/Ti3C2/Bi/BiOI were synthesized for streptomycin identification, which exhibited a linear concentration range of 0.01-1000 nM with a detection limit of 2.3 × 10-3 nM (S/N = 3), and are well stable in streptomycin sensing.


Assuntos
Isoniazida , Estreptomicina , Microesferas , Titânio , Livros , Metais , Oligonucleotídeos
14.
N Biotechnol ; 81: 33-42, 2024 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493996

RESUMO

We report the synthesis of a novel class of metal-complexing peptide-based polymers, which we name HyperMAPs (Hyper-loaded MetAl-complexed Polymers). The controlled solid-phase synthesis of HyperMAPs' scaffold peptide provides our polymer with a well-defined molecular structure that allows for an accurate on-design assembly of a wide variety of metals. The peptide-scaffold features a handle for direct conjugation to antibodies or any other biomolecules by means of a thiol-maleimide-click or aldehyde-oxime reaction, a fluorogenic moiety for biomolecule conjugation tracking, and a well-defined number of functional groups for direct incorporation of metal-chelator complexes. Since metal-chelator complexes are prepared in a separate reaction prior to incorporation to the peptide scaffold, polymers can be designed to contain specific ratios of metal isotopes, providing each polymer with a unique CyTOF spectral fingerprint. We demonstrate the complexing of 21 different metals using two different chelators and provide evidence of the application of HyperMAPs on a 13 parameter CyTOF panel and compare its performance to monoisotopic metal-conjugated antibodies.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação , Maleimidas , Polímeros , Polímeros/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Peptídeos/química , Metais/química , Quelantes/química , Anticorpos
15.
Metallomics ; 16(4)2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503570

RESUMO

Metallothioneins (MTs) are cysteine-rich proteins involved in metal homeostasis, heavy metal detoxification, and protection against oxidative stress. Whether the four mammalian MT isoforms exhibit different metal binding properties is not clear. In this paper, the Cu(I) binding properties of the apo MT1A, apo MT2, and apo MT3 are compared and the relative Cu(I) binding affinities are reported. In all three isoforms, Cu4, Cu6, and Cu10 species form cooperatively, and MT1A and MT2 also form a Cu13 species. The Cu(I) binding properties of Zn7-MT1A, Zn7-MT2, and Zn7-MT3 are compared systematically using isotopically pure 63Cu(I) and 68Zn(II). The species formed in each MT isoform were detected through electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry and further characterized using room temperature phosphorescence spectroscopy. The mixed metal Cu, Zn species forming in MT1A, MT2, and MT3 have similar stoichiometries and their emission spectral properties indicate that analogous clusters form in the three isoforms. Three parallel metallation pathways have been proposed through analysis of the detailed Cu, Zn speciation in MT1A, MT2, and MT3. Pathway ① results in Cu5Zn5-MT and Cu9Zn3-MT. Pathway ② involves Cu6Zn4-MT and Cu10Zn2-MT. Pathway ③ includes Cu8Zn4-MT. Speciation analysis indicates that Pathway ② is the preferred pathway for MT2. This is also evident in the phosphorescence spectra with the 750 nm emission from Cu6Zn4-MT being most prominent in MT2. We see no evidence for different MT isoforms being optimized or exhibiting preferences for certain metals. We discuss the probable stoichiometry for MTs in vivo based on the in vitro determined binding constants.


Assuntos
Metalotioneína , Isótopos de Zinco , Animais , Humanos , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , Metais/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas , Mamíferos/metabolismo
16.
Talanta ; 273: 125909, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490020

RESUMO

The in vitro detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has been proven as a vital method for early diagnosis and evaluation of cancer metastasis, since the existence and number fluctuation of CTCs have shown close correlation with clinical outcomes. However, it remains difficult and technically challenging to realize accurate CTCs detection, due to the rarity of CTCs in the blood samples with complex components. Herein, we reported a CTCs in vitro detection strategy, utilizing a loop amplification strategy based on DNA tetrahedron and nicking endonuclease reaction, as well as the anti-background interference based on lanthanide metal luminescence strategy. In this work, a detection system (ATDN-MLLPs) composed of an aptamer-functionalized tetrahedral DNA nanostructure (ATDN) and magnetic lanthanide luminescent particles (MLLPs) was developed. ATDN targeted the tumor cells via aptamer-antigen recognition and extended three hybridizable target DNA segments from the apex of a DNA tetrahedron to pair with probe DNA on MLLPs. Then, the nicking endonuclease (Nt.BbvCI) recognized the formed double-strand DNA and nicked the probe DNA to release the target DNA for recycling, and the released TbNps served as a high signal-to-noise ratio fluorescence signal source for CTCs detection. With a detection limit of 5 cells/mL, CTCs were selectively screened throughout a linear response range of low orders of magnitude. In addition, the ATDN-MLLPs system was attempted to detect possible existence of CTCs in biological samples in vitro.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Humanos , Endonucleases/química , Luminescência , DNA/genética , DNA/química , Sondas de DNA/química , Metais , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
17.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 97(4): 401-412, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the associations of α1-antitrypsin, inter-α-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain (ITIH4), and 8-isoprostane with lung function in shipyard workers exposed to occupational metal fume fine particulate matter (PM2.5), which is known to be associated with adverse respiratory outcomes. METHODS: A 3-year follow-up study was conducted on 180 shipyard workers with 262 measurements. Personal exposure to welding fume PM2.5 was collected for an 8-h working day. Pre-exposure, post-exposure, and delta (∆) levels of α1-antitrypsin, ITIH4, and 8-isoprostane were determined in urine using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Post-exposure urinary metals were sampled at the beginning of the next working day and analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Lung function measurements were also conducted the next working day for post-exposure. RESULTS: An IQR increase in PM2.5 was associated with decreases of 2.157% in FEV1, 2.806% in PEF, 4.328% in FEF25%, 5.047% in FEF50%, and 7.205% in FEF75%. An IQR increase in PM2.5 led to increases of 42.155 µg/g in ∆α1-antitrypsin and 16.273 µg/g in ∆ITIH4. Notably, IQR increases in various urinary metals were associated with increases in specific biomarkers, such as post-urinary α1-antitrypsin and ITIH4. Moreover, increases in ∆ α1-antitrypsin and ∆ITIH4 were associated with decreases in FEV1/FVC by 0.008% and 0.020%, respectively, and an increase in ∆8-isoprostane resulted in a 1.538% decline in FVC. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that urinary α1-antitrypsin and ITIH4 could indicate early lung function decline in shipyard workers exposed to metal fume PM2.5, underscoring the need for better safety and health monitoring to reduce respiratory risks.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Soldagem , Humanos , Seguimentos , Estudos Prospectivos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Metais , Material Particulado/análise , Pulmão , Biomarcadores/urina
18.
J Environ Manage ; 356: 120729, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537464

RESUMO

The recovery of valuable metals from spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is crucial for environmental protection and resource optimization. In the traditional recovery process of spent LIBs, the leaching of high-valence metals has the problems of high cost and limited reagent utilization, and some valuable metals are lost in the subsequent purification process of the leaching solution. To reduce the cost of reagents, this study proposes the use of low-cost SO2 as a reagent combined with pressure leaching to efficiently recover high-valence metals from delithiated materials of spent LIBs, while selective solvent extraction is used to remove trace impurities in the leaching solution to avoid the loss of valuable metals. Experimental results demonstrated that by optimizing the conditions to 0.25 MPa SO2 partial pressure and 60 min reaction time at 70 °C, the leaching efficiencies for Ni, Co, and Mn reached 99.6%, 99.3%, and 99.6%, respectively. The kinetic study indicated that the leaching process was diffusion-controlled. Furthermore, the delithiated materials were used to completely utilize the residual SO2 in the solution to obtain a high concentration Ni-Co-Mn rich solution. Subsequently, Fe and Al impurities were deeply removed through a synergistic extraction of Di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and tributyl phosphate (TBP) without loss of valuable metals, achieving a high-purity Ni-Co-Mn solution. The process developed based on this work has the characteristics of environmental friendliness, high valuable metal recovery, and high product purity, providing a reference technical method for the synergistic treatment of waste SO2 flue gas with spent LIBs and the deep purification of impurities in spent LIBs.


Assuntos
Lítio , Reciclagem , Reciclagem/métodos , Metais , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Cinética
19.
J Environ Manage ; 356: 120709, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537460

RESUMO

The removal of tetracycline from the sewage plant effluents through advanced treatment methods is key to controlling tetracycline levels in the water environment. In this study, modified quartz sands (QS) were used in a biological sand filter to remove tetracycline. The modified QS, with different surface characteristics, were prepared using glass etching technology combined with subsequent chemical modification methods, including hydroxylation treatment, metal ion modification, and amino modification. The adsorption efficiency of hydroxylated QS was higher than that of metal ion modified and amino modified QS, with adsorption efficiencies of 20.4331 mg/kg, 12.8736 mg/kg, and 10.1737 mg/kg, respectively. Results indicated that QS primarily reduce tetracycline through adsorption. Adsorption on ordinary QS fit the pseudo-first-order kinetic model, while adsorption on other modified QS and biofilm-coated QS fit the pseudo-second-order kinetics model. Biodegradation was identified as another mechanism for tetracycline reduction, which fit the zero-order kinetic model. Pseudomonas alcaligenes and unclassified Pseudomonas accounted for 96.6% of the total tetracycline-degrading bacteria. This study elucidates the effectiveness and mechanisms of five types of QS in treating tetracycline from sewage plant effluents. It provides a novel method for tetracycline reduction in real-world wastewater scenarios.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Esgotos/química , Antibacterianos , Tetraciclina , Águas Residuárias , Metais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Cinética
20.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 97(4): 387-400, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this pilot study on subway workers, we explored the relationships between particle exposure and oxidative stress biomarkers in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) and urine to identify the most relevant biomarkers for a large-scale study in this field. METHODS: We constructed a comprehensive occupational exposure assessment among subway workers in three distinct jobs over 10 working days, measuring daily concentrations of particulate matter (PM), their metal content and oxidative potential (OP). Individual pre- and post-shift EBC and urine samples were collected daily. Three oxidative stress biomarkers were measured in these matrices: malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxy-2'deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 8-isoprostane. The association between each effect biomarker and exposure variables was estimated by multivariable multilevel mixed-effect models with and without lag times. RESULTS: The OP was positively associated with Fe and Mn, but not associated with any effect biomarkers. Concentration changes of effect biomarkers in EBC and urine were associated with transition metals in PM (Cu and Zn) and furthermore with specific metals in EBC (Ba, Co, Cr and Mn) and in urine (Ba, Cu, Co, Mo, Ni, Ti and Zn). The direction of these associations was both metal- and time-dependent. Associations between Cu or Zn and MDAEBC generally reached statistical significance after a delayed time of 12 or 24 h after exposure. Changes in metal concentrations in EBC and urine were associated with MDA and 8-OHdG concentrations the same day. CONCLUSION: Associations between MDA in both EBC and urine gave opposite response for subway particles containing Zn versus Cu. This diverting Zn and Cu pattern was also observed for 8-OHdG and urinary concentrations of these two metals. Overall, MDA and 8-OHdG responses were sensitive for same-day metal exposures in both matrices. We recommend MDA and 8-OHdG in large field studies to account for oxidative stress originating from metals in inhaled particulate matter.


Assuntos
Ferrovias , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Projetos Piloto , Material Particulado/análise , Metais , Biomarcadores/urina , Estresse Oxidativo , Testes Respiratórios
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