Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 10.709
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(9): 681-686, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594092

RESUMO

Objective: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumor worldwide. Metastasis is a marker of cancer deterioration in patients with liver cancer and a major cause of death. In order to develop effective therapeutic strategies, it is urgent to study the molecular basis of liver cancer metastasis. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of fatty acid synthase (FASN) in HCC. Wound healing and transwell cell invasion assays was used to confirm the role of FASN in liver cancer migration and invasion. Proteins that interacted with FASN were identified using iTRAQ (isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification). Co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and cellular immunofluorescence analysis were used to assess the interaction between FASN and signal transduction and transcription activator 3 (STAT3). The expression of STAT3, p-STAT3, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 was detected after FASN knockdown using Western blot method. Statistical analysis was performed using the t-test. Results: Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of FASN in HCC tissue was higher than that in adjacent tissues. iTRAQ, Co-IP and immunofluorescence analysis revealed that FASN interacted with STAT3. Western blot analysis showed that the expression of p-STAT3, MMP-2 and MMP-9 decreased after FASN knockdown. Conclusion: FASN may promote the metastasis of liver cancer by interacting with STAT3 and affecting the expression of MMP-2/MMP-9.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ácido Graxo Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Ácido Graxo Sintases , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
2.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 2): 1723-1726, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Chronic hyperglycemia as the main link in DM pathogenesis leads to systemic vessels and nerves lesion with chronic bone complications development consequently. The aim: To evaluate influence of hyperglycemia on reparative osteogenesis after perforated tibial fracture in rats. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: A total of 30 white adult rats were subdivided into two groups: 15 healthy rats in Group 1 (control) and 15 rats with alloxan induced hyperglycemia in Group 2 (investigated) and were carried out of experiment on the 10th, 20th and 30th day after the fracture. Hyperglycemia in rats was verificated as the postprandial glycemic rate ≥ 8,0 mmol/l. Tibia diaphysis fracture was modeled by a cylindrical defect with a diameter of 2 mm with portable frezer. Morphological evaluation. A complex morphological studies included histological, morphometric and immunohistochemical examination. RESULTS: Results: This is confirmed by an increase in MMP-9 expression in connective tissue, a decrease in TGF-ß expression in all phases, an increase in the expression of CD3 and CD20 and a marked decrease in the expression of all vascular markers. During hyperglycemia, incomplete blood supply to the tissues occurs, necrosis of bone and soft tissues develop in the area of the fracture, the reparative reaction slows down considerably and manifests itself in the development of fibrous and, less commonly, cartilage tissue. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: In hyperglycemia rats, there was a delay in the callus formation, a decrease in proliferation and ossification, and a slowdown in the processes of angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Osteogênese , Fraturas da Tíbia/complicações , Animais , Antígenos CD20/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos , Calo Ósseo , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Ratos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
3.
Life Sci ; 236: 116899, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614145

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of our study is to illustrate the role of amphiregulin in trophoblast invasiveness and underlying signal cascades. MAIN METHODS: An immortalized human early extravillous cell line, HTR-8/SVneo, was used for this investigation. Matrigel-transwell invasion assay was used for testing the effects of amphiregulin on cell invasiveness. MMP9 and MMP2 mRNA expression level and activity were measured using Rt-qPCR and zymographic analysis. Cell signals involved in the invasion process were verified using western blot and specific inhibitors. KEY FINDINGS: Our results showed that amphiregulin could promote HTR-8/SVneo cell invasiveness without interfering cell proliferation, and significantly upregulate the expression of MMP9 and TIMP-1 mRNAs as well as the ratio of MMP9/TIMP-1. Using specific inhibitors for MEK and PI3K signaling further indicated that, both ERK1/2 and Akt signal pathways were required for amphiregulin-induced cell invasiveness. The co-ordination between ERK1/2 and Akt signaling pathway was needed for the upregulation of MMP9 mRNA, while ERK1/2 was more essential for the upregulation of TIMP-1 mRNA. Meanwhile, we first put forward that the deficiency of amphiregulin expression in trophoblast might be compensated by the upregulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and heparin-binding EGF (HB-EGF) mRNA. SIGNIFICANCE: ERK1/2 and Akt signaling pathways mediate amphiregulin-induced upregulation of MMP9 mRNA and the MMP9/TIMP-1 ratio, which subsequently contribute to amphiregulin-promotion of HTR-8/SVneo cell invasion.


Assuntos
Anfirregulina/farmacologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Gravidez , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/genética
4.
Chem Biol Interact ; 313: 108826, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite of the most effective surgical removal of malignant tumors, metastasis makes cancer treatment difficult. The studies on natural compounds to inhibit this metastasis have been actively performed until now. However, the effect of tomatidine on metastasis remains unclear. METHOD: The effect of tomatidine on antioxidative activity was measured with DPPH radical assay and reducing power assay. After treatment with tomatidine, the viability of human fibrosarcoma cells (HT1080 cells) was evaluated with MTT assay. The effect of tomatidine on the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9, gelatinases related to metastasis, was analyzed using gelatin zymography, western blot and immunofluorescence staining. Cell invasion assay was used to investigate anti-metastasis activity of tomatidine. RESULT: Tomatidine showed no DPPH radical scavenging effect and showed 8% of reduction power at 8 µM. Furthermore, tomatidine below 8 µM showed more than 80% of cell viability in MTT assay. The inhibition of tomatidine on MMP-2 activity and its protein expression levels were observed by gelatin zymography, western blot and immunofluorescence. It was observed that tomatidine inhibited not only p38 and ERK but also cell invasion. CONCLUSION: Above results suggest that tomatidine could use as a potential candidate for cancer prevention and metastasis through the inhibitory effect on gelatinase.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Tomatina/análogos & derivados , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Acetato de Tetradecanoilforbol/farmacologia , Tomatina/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia
5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 6357-6369, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496691

RESUMO

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes and vision. It is a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness in working-age people. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) is a primary initiator and potential mediator of DR. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) plays a progressive role in the onset and severity of DR. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a cytokine of the chemokine family that could reduce the levels of MMP-9 and VEGF-A and suppress tumor angiogenesis. We hypothesize that IL-12 may also have superior therapeutic efficacy against DR. However, protein drugs are prone to degradation by various proteases after drug injection. Therefore, they have short half-lives and low blood concentrations. The objective of this study was to develop IL-12-loaded nanoparticles for long-term and sustained DR treatment. Methods: IL-12-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (IL-12-PNP) were developed by double emulsion. The characteristics, anti-DR activity, and mechanisms of IL-12-PNP were examined in vitro and in vivo. Results: The nanoparticles had suitable particle size (~132.8 nm), drug encapsulation efficiency (~34.7%), and sustained drug release profile. Compared with IL-12 and blank nanoparticles, IL-12-PNP showed better inhibitory efficacy against VEGF-A and MMP-9 expression in rat endothelial cells and DR mouse retina. Intraocular IL-12-PNP administration significantly reduced retinal damage in DR mice as they presented with increased thickness and decreased neovascularization after treatment. Conclusion: These data indicate that IL-12-PNP is an effective drug delivery platform for DR therapy. It restores the thickness and reduces neovascularization of the retinas of DR mice.


Assuntos
Retinopatia Diabética/tratamento farmacológico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Interleucina-12/administração & dosagem , Interleucina-12/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas/química , Copolímero de Ácido Poliláctico e Ácido Poliglicólico/química , Animais , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Injeções Intravítreas , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Nanopartículas/ultraestrutura , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Retina/efeitos dos fármacos , Retina/metabolismo , Retina/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4853-4864, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Its poor prognosis can be ascribed primarily to high recurrence rates. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to identify novel prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for management of CRC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To develop prognostic biomarkers, we performed RNA-seq analysis and real-time RT-PCR in primary cancer tissues with or without systemic recurrence. To characterize the molecular functions of the encoded proteins, CRC cells underexpressing or overexpressing the candidate genes were established and appropriate cell-based assays were applied. RESULTS: ITGB1 and RHOC mRNA levels were up-regulated in the recurrence group of CRC patients. Overexpression of ITGB1 or RHOC stimulated CRC cell proliferation, invasion and migration, whereas the opposite effects were observed in cells underexpressing either protein. Five-year recurrence-free survival rates were significantly higher in the ITGB1- and RHOC-underexpression groups than those in the overexpression. CONCLUSION: ITGB1 and RHOC are potential predictors of recurrence and therapeutic targets for CRC, possibly predicting a high-risk group of stage II patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Integrina beta1/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a GTP rhoC/metabolismo , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Recidiva , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(37): 10321-10329, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419115

RESUMO

Pterostilbene (PTS) is a phenolic compound with diverse pharmacologic activities. However, its potential for inhibiting obesity-related colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. Our study evaluated the mechanism of inhibitory effects of PTS on adipocyte conditioned-medium (aCM)-induced malignant transformation in HT-29 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. The results demonstrated that PTS could downregulate the expression of aCM-induced fatty acid-binding protein 5 (FABP5) and prometastatic factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2), MMP9, and extracellular tumor necrosis factor α via inhibiting aCM-induced nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), ß-catenin, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPAR-γ). Moreover, PTS can suppress aCM-stimulated phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and c-Jun N-terminal kinases 1/2 (JNK 1/2) signaling pathways activation that are upstream of NF-κB, ß-catenin, and PPAR-γ. Therefore, we suggest that PTS could alleviate adiposity-induced metastasis in CRC via inhibiting cell migration through downregulating FABP5 gene expression.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Colorretais/fisiopatologia , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/química , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Células 3T3 , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , PPAR gama/genética , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
8.
Gene ; 716: 144033, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377313

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell cancer (OSCC) is one of the causes of death worldwide. The purpose of this project was to define the restoring of microRNA-143 in HN-5 cells and discover molecular apparatuses responsible for the anticancer processes. Firstly, expression levels of miR-143, K-Ras, MMP9 and C-Myc were evaluated in OSCC tissues. Then, microRNA-143 was transfected into HN-5 cells. The cytotoxic effects of microRNA-143 on HN-5 cells were evaluated. To estimate the effects of microRNA-143 on cell migration, wound healing assay was done. The expression levels of microRNA-143, K-Ras, MMP9, C-Myc, ADAMTS and CXCR4 were evaluated via the qRT-PCR method. microRNA-143 mimic inhibited cell migration in HN-5 cell line. microRNA-143 mimic decreased K-Ras, MMP9, C-My, ADAMTS and CXCR4 gene expression. microRNA-143 can inhibit HN-5 cells migration in vitro by down-regulating the expression of invasion-linked genes. Hence, microRNA-143 can be a new diagnostic biomarker and new therapeutic target for OSCC.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/metabolismo , Transfecção
9.
Environ Pollut ; 252(Pt B): 1455-1463, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265956

RESUMO

Circadian rhythm is believed to play important roles in atherosclerosis. The gut microbiota is found to be closely related to atherogenesis, and shows compositional and functional circadian oscillation. However, it's still unclarified whether circadian clock and intestinal microbiota are involved in the progression of atherosclerosis induced by environmental pollutant acrolein. Herein, patients with atherosclerosis showed higher MMP9, a promising biomarker for atherosclerosis, and lower Bmal1 and Clock expression in the plasma. Interestingly, acrolein exposure contributed to the increased MMP9, decreased Clock and Bmal1, and activated MAPK pathways in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that knockdown of Clock or Bmal1 lead to upregulation of MMP9 in HUVECs, and that Clock and Bmal1 expression was elevated while MAPK pathways were blocked. Atherosclerotic apolipoproteinE-deficient mice consumed a high-fat diet were used and treated with acrolein (3 mg/kg/day) in the drinking water for 12 weeks. Upregulation of MMP9, and downregulation of Clock and Bmal1 were also observed in plasma of the mice. Besides, acrolein feeding altered gut microbiota composition at a phylum level especially for an increased Firmicutes and a decreased Bacteroidetes. Additionally, gut microbiota showed correlation with atherosclerotic plaque, MMP9 and Bmal1 levels. Therefore, our findings indicated that acrolein increased the expression of MMP9 through MAPK regulating circadian clock, which was associated with gut microbiota regulation in atherosclerosis. Circadian rhythms and gut microbiota might be promising targets in the prevention of cardiovascular disease caused by environmental pollutants.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/sangue , Aterosclerose/patologia , Proteínas CLOCK/sangue , Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição ARNTL/genética , Acroleína , Adulto , Animais , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Aterosclerose/induzido quimicamente , Proteínas CLOCK/genética , Linhagem Celular , Relógios Circadianos/fisiologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout
10.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(6): 526-532, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292057

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of Trillium saponins on the invasion and migration of HuH-7 cells regulated by human ß-defensin 2 (HBD-2). Methods HuH-7 cells were treated with 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 mg/L Trillium saponins. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. TranswellTM chamber was used to measure cell invasion and migration. The levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2), HBD-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) were detected by Western blot analysis. HBD-2 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was transfected into HuH-7 cells. The interference effect of Trillium saponins treatment was verified by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis, and TranswellTM assay was used to detect cell invasion and migration. Results Except that 0.5 mg/L Trillium saponins had no effect on the proliferation of HuH-7 cells, the proliferation of HuH-7 cells was inhibited by all other doses of Trillium saponins. (0.5, 1.0) mg/L of Trillium saponins down-regulated the levels of MMP2 and MMP9 proteins, increased the level of HBD-2 protein and inhibited cell invasion, migration. HBD-2 siRNA transfection significantly reduced the level of HBD-2 in HuH-7 cells. Down-regulation of HBD-2 increased the invasive, migratory ability and increased the levels of MMP2 and MMP9 proteins in HuH-7 cells treated with Trillium saponins. Conclusion Trillium saponins can inhibit the invasion and migration of HuH-7 cells by promoting the expression of HBD-2.


Assuntos
Invasividade Neoplásica , Saponinas/farmacologia , Trillium/química , beta-Defensinas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
11.
Cell Prolif ; 52(5): e12633, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264317

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) has been frequently noticed in the breast cancers. In this study, we aim to investigate the associations of MMP-9 with the activation of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß)/SMAD signalling and the malignancy of breast malignant tumour cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distributions of MMP-9 and TGF-ß in the tissues of canine breast cancers were screened by immunohistochemical assays. A recombinant plasmid expressing mouse MMP-9 was generated and transiently transfected into three different breast cancer cell lines. Cell Counting Kit-8 and colony formation assay were used to study cell viability. Migration and invasion ability were analysed by wound assay and transwell filters. Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR were used to determine the protein and mRNA expression. RESULT: Remarkable strong MMP-9 and TGF-ß signals were observed in the malignant tissues of canine breast cancers. In the cultured three cell lines receiving recombinant plasmid expressing mouse MMP-9, the cell malignancy was markedly increased, including the cell colony formation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The levels of activated TGF-ß, as well as SMAD4, SMAD2/3 and phosphorylation of SMAD2, were increased, reflecting an activation of TGF-ß/SMAD signalling. We also demonstrated that the inhibitors specific for MMP-9 and TGF-ß sufficiently blocked the overexpressing MMP-9 induced the activation of SMAD signalling and enhancement on invasion in the tested breast cancer cell lines. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of MMP-9 increases the malignancy of breast cancer cell lines, largely via activation of the TGF-ß/SMAD signalling.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/química , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/antagonistas & inibidores
12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(32): 8855-8867, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343893

RESUMO

Abalone (Haliotis discus hannai) is a precious seafood in the market. It has been reported that biological active substances derived from abalone have anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and anti-thrombosis potential. However, there were few studies to assess whether they have anti-cancer potential. In this study, we evaluated the anti-metastasis and anti-pro-angiogenic factors and mechanism of action of boiled abalone byproduct peptide (BABP, EMDEAQDPSEW) in human fibrosarcoma (HT1080) cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The results demonstrated that BABP treatment significantly lowers migration and the invasion of HT1080 cells and HUVECs. BABP inhibits phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression and activity by blocking mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and NF-κB signaling and hypoxia-induced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α accumulation through suppressing the AKT/mTOR signal pathway. BABP treatment inhibits VEGF-induced VEGFR-2 expression and tube formation in HUVECs. The effect of BABP on anti-metastatic and anti-vascular activity in HT1080 cells and HUVECs revealed that BABP may be a potential pharmacophore for tumor therapy in the future.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Gastrópodes/química , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Resíduos/análise , Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metástase Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/fisiopatologia , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Frutos do Mar/análise , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
13.
Gene ; 711: 143952, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265880

RESUMO

Ets-1 is one of the crucial member of transcription factor family which share a unique DNA binding domain. It is predominantly expressed in various tumor subtypes and has shown its association in the regulation of various important genes which include ECM-degrading proteases. Our study aimed to understand the mechanism(s) in the pathogenesis of breast carcinogenesis by Ets-1 transcription factor and its downstream target gene MMP-9. Role of Ets-1 in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells was studied by RNA-interference in combination with pull down and ChIP assays to identify the regulation of MMP-9 in these cell lines. Our results showed that transfection of Ets-1 siRNA in breast cancer cell lines resulted in downregulation of Ets-1 and MMP-9. Ets-1 knock down also showed reduced cell invasion and altered expression of EMT markers. Moreover, we could also predict that MMP-9 gene promoter harbors a binding site for Ets-1 transcription factor may be responsible in direct transactivation of Ets-1 along with EMT markers. Phenotypic changes and molecular alterations that may result in increased aggressiveness/invasiveness and metastatic nature of cancerous cells may lead to changes in EMT markers. Therefore, these findings may suggest a plausible role of Ets-1 dependent regulation of MMP-9 gene and may have a significant impact on breast carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica c-ets-1/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Invasividade Neoplásica , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica c-ets-1/genética
14.
Microb Pathog ; 135: 103607, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229604

RESUMO

M. tuberculosis stimulates matrix metalloproteinases secretion in the host; however, the patterns of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) and 2 (MMP-2) isoforms are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the activities of these isoforms in sputum samples of patients with varying degrees of mycobacterial load. Sputum samples were recovered from individuals with positive and negative diagnosis of tuberculosis. Bacillary load was determined by bacilloscopy, and presence and activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 isoforms determined by gelatin zymography. Of the recovered samples; 39 were from individuals without tuberculosis and 48 with tuberculosis; 12 had low bacillary and 36 high bacillary load. Participation of MMP-2 isoforms were not observed, but in MMP-9, there was a decrease in the latent, associated with lipocalin and homodimeric isoforms. In contrast, there was a rise in the active isoform, all with statistical significance. In conclusion our results show that MMP-2 isoforms do not seems to be directly involved with tuberculosis evolution of infection. However, variations in MMP-9 isoforms were observed, which coincided with the progression of tuberculosis infection. These results raise questions regarding how MMP-9 isoforms might influence the formation and progression of granuloma, and their use as markers of progression of tuberculosis infection.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/fisiologia , Escarro/metabolismo , Tuberculose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Carga Bacteriana , Biomarcadores , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Granuloma , Humanos , Lipocalinas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isoformas de Proteínas
15.
Oncology ; 97(3): 135-148, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We have developed a Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1)-targeting dendritic cell (DC)-based cancer vaccine combined with standard chemotherapy for patients with advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). METHODS: We evaluated predictive markers of overall survival (OS) in PDA patients treated with multiple major histocompatibility complex class I/II-restricted, WT1 peptide-pulsed DC vaccinations (DC/WT1-I/II) in combination with chemotherapy. Throughout the entire period of immunochemotherapy, the plasma levels of soluble factors derived from granulocytes of 7 eligible PDA patients were examined. Moreover, systemic inflammatory response markers (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio [NLR], monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio [MLR], and granulocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio [GLR]) were assessed. In addition, cytoplasmic WT1 expression in PDA cells was examined. RESULTS: Compared to the 4 non-super-responders (OS <1 year), the remaining 3 super-responders (OS ≥1 year) showed significantly decreased low plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels throughout long-term therapy. The NLR, MLR, and GLR after 5 DC/WT1-I/II vaccinations and 3 cycles of gemcitabine were significantly lower in the super-responders than in the non-super-responders. Furthermore, the cytoplasmic WT1 expression in the PDA cells of super-responders was relatively weak compared to that in the PDA cells of non-super-responders. CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged low levels of a granulocyte-related systemic inflammatory response after the early period of therapy and low cytoplasmic WT1 expression in PDA cells may be markers predictive of OS in PDA patients receiving WT1-targeting immunochemotherapy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Proteínas WT1/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Vacinas Anticâncer/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Células Dendríticas/metabolismo , Epitopos/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Peptídeos/imunologia , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vacinação , Proteínas WT1/genética
16.
J Dairy Sci ; 102(8): 7469-7475, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202654

RESUMO

Clinical metritis, characterized by the presence of an enlarged uterus and abnormal red-brownish foul-smelling vaginal discharge (VD), is a prevalent condition that causes important economic losses to dairy operations. The accurate diagnosis and treatment of this disease can help decrease its negative effects on the well-being and performance of dairy cows. The objectives of this study were to assess (1) the concentration of haptoglobin (Hp) and neutrophil-derived haptoglobin-matrix metalloproteinase 9 (Hp-MMP 9) in the VD of postpartum cows; and (2) the correlation between Hp and Hp-MMP 9 concentrations in serum and VD. Fifty-three dairy cows from 4 farms in central Pennsylvania were enrolled in this observational study.. Postpartum cows (7 ± 3 DIM) were screened using a Metricheck device to assess VD score (VDS): 1, clear fluid (n = 4); 2, < 50% white purulent fluid (n = 14); 3, > 50% white purulent fluid (n = 8); 4, red-brownish watery fluid without fetid smell (n = 22); and 5, fetid red-brownish watery fluid (n = 5). Blood and VD samples were collected for assessment of Hp and Hp-MMP 9 concentrations. Cows with a VDS of 4 or 5 (VDS4/5) had higher serum Hp concentrations than cows with a VDS of 1, 2, or 3 (VDS1/3; 93 ± 187 µg/mL vs. 59 ± 106 µg/mL, respectively). Similarly, cows with VDS4/5 had higher VD Hp concentrations than cows with VDS1/3 (73 ± 56 µg/mL vs. 17 ± 16 µg/mL, respectively). We found a significant correlation (0.37) between Hp levels in serum and in VD. We found no difference in serum Hp-MMP 9 between VDS4/5 and VDS1/3 cows. The VD concentrations of Hp-MMP 9 were higher in VDS4/5 cows than in VDS1/3 cows (7,629 ± 9,847 ng/mL vs. 1,567 ± 2,165 ng/mL, respectively). The correlation between Hp-MMP 9 in serum and VD was 0.22; nevertheless, it was not statistically significant. Interestingly, Hp and Hp-MMP 9 concentrations were higher in VD samples than in serum, regardless of VDS. Results from this study suggest that inflammatory biomarkers may be increased in cows with a VDS of 4 or 5. Further research should be aimed at elucidating the processes involved in inflammatory biomarker production and transportation in the uterus, as well as the effect of these biomarkers on endometrial cells.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico , Endometrite/veterinária , Haptoglobinas/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Descarga Vaginal/veterinária , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/metabolismo , Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia , Endometrite/diagnóstico , Endometrite/patologia , Feminino , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/veterinária , Período Pós-Parto , Descarga Vaginal/metabolismo
17.
Life Sci ; 231: 116563, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200003

RESUMO

AIMS: In the present study, we investigated the roles of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activation and imbalance of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9)/tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in cold-induced stroke during chronic hypertension, as well as the protective effects of captopril and recombinant human TIMP-1 (rhTIMP-1). MAIN METHODS: Rats were randomly assigned to sham; 2-kidney, 2-clip (2K-2C); 2K-2C + captopril, and 2K-2C + rhTIMP-1 groups. After blood pressure values had stabilized, each group was randomly divided into an acute cold exposure (ACE) group (12-h light at 22 °C/12-h dark at 4 °C) and a non-acute cold exposure (NACE) group (12-h light/12-h dark at 22 °C), each of which underwent three cycles of exposure. Captopril treatment was administered via gavage (50 mg/kg/d), while rhTIMP-1 treatment was administered via the tail vein (60 µg/kg/36 h). KEY FINDINGS: In the 2K-2C group, angiotensin II (AngII) and MMP-9 levels increased in both the plasma and cortex, while no such changes in TIMP-1 expression were observed. Cold exposure further upregulated AngII and MMP-9 levels and increased stroke incidence. Captopril and rhTIMP-1 treatment inhibited MMP-9 expression and activation and decreased stroke incidence in response to cold exposure. SIGNIFICANCE: The present study is the first to demonstrate that cold exposure exacerbates imbalance between MMP-9 and TIMP-1 by activating the RAS, which may be critical in the initiation of stroke during chronic hypertension. In addition, our results suggest that captopril and rhTIMP-1 exert protective effects against cold-induced stroke by ameliorating MMP-9/TIMP-1 imbalance.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/metabolismo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Captopril/metabolismo , Captopril/farmacologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/farmacologia
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(49): 7085-7088, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150032

RESUMO

A luminescent biosensor has been developed for matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) assays based on the selective interaction between an Ir(iii) solvent complex and a histidine-rich peptide, which avoids the complicated double labeling of substrate polypeptides commonly-used in FRET MMP detections and provides a promising strategy for MMP detection in clinical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Histidina/química , Irídio/química , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/análise , Peptídeos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/metabolismo , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Histidina/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Solventes/química
19.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(3): 687-694, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31162036

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of exogenous insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on the healing of skin ulcers in diabetic rats, male Sprague Dawleys (SD) rats with back skin ulcers were selected and divided into control group, model group and IGF-1 treatment group which received different doses of IGF-1 (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0mg/L). The results showed that the healing speed of the skin ulcers was significantly affected by IGF-1, which reduced the size of wound (P less than 0.05). The expression of MMP-9 was enhanced while the expression of TIMP-1 was decreased in diabetic rats with skin ulcers. The IGF-1 treatment helped to re¬store the normal expression of both MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in diabetic rats with skin ulcers, and diabetic skin ulcers in the 1.5 mg/L IGF-1 group showed the best healing. Histological examination showed that after 20 days, fibroblasts in the IGF-1 experimental group with an appropriate concentration increased and the numbers of fibroblasts and capillaries were significantly higher than those of the other groups. Moreover, there were obvious wound surface contractions and re-epithelialization, and the new epithelium moved to the center of the wound faster. Therefore, it is concluded that an appropriate concentration of IGF-1 can significantly promote the healing of skin ulcers in diabetic rats.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/farmacologia , Úlcera Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico , Cicatrização , Animais , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Pele , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo
20.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2456-2470, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148343

RESUMO

Extracellular ATP has been shown to play an important role in invasion and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in breast cancer; however, the mechanism is unclear. Here, by using a cDNA microarray, we demonstrated that extracellular ATP could stimulate hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) signaling and upregulate hypoxia-inducible factor 1/2α (HIF-1/2α) expression. After knocking down HIF-1/2α using siRNA, we found that ATP-driven invasion and EMT were significantly attenuated via HIF2A-siRNA in breast cancer cells. By using ChIP assays, we revealed that the biological function of extracellular ATP in invasion and EMT process depended on HIF-2α direct targets, among which lysyl oxidase-like 2 (LOXL2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) mediated ATP-driven invasion, and E-cadherin and Snail mediated ATP-driven EMT, respectively. In addition, using silver staining and mass spectrometry, we found that phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) could interact with HIF-2α and mediate ATP-driven HIF-2α upregulation. Furthermore, we demonstrated that expressions of HIF-2α and its target proteins could be regulated via ATP by AKT-PGK1 pathway. Using a Balb/c mice model, we illustrated the function of HIF-2α in promoting tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Moreover, by exploring online databases, we found that molecules involved in ATP-HIF-2α signaling were highly expressed in human breast carcinoma tissues and were associated with poor prognosis. Altogether, these findings suggest that extracellular ATP could promote breast carcinoma invasion and EMT via HIF-2α signaling, which may be a potential target for future anti-metastasis therapy.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Hipóxia/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Aminoácido Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Regulação para Cima/fisiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA