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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 275: 116268, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569319

RESUMO

Legume-based rotation is commonly recognized for its mitigation efficiency of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, variations in GHG emission-associated metabolic functions during the legume-vegetable rotation process remain largely uncharacterized. Accordingly, a soybean-radish rotation field experiment was designed to clarify the responses of microbial communities and their GHG emission-associated functional metabolism through metagenomics. The results showed that the contents of soil organic carbon and total phosphorus significantly decreased during the soybean-radish process (P < 0.05), while soil total potassium content and bacterial richness and diversity significantly increased (P < 0.05). Moreover, the predominant bacterial phyla varied, with a decrease in the relative abundance of Proteobacteria and an increase in the relative abundance of Acidobacteria, Gemmatimonadetes, and Chloroflexi. Metagenomics clarified that bacterial carbohydrate metabolism substantially increased during the rotation process, whereas formaldehyde assimilation, methanogenesis, nitrification, and dissimilatory nitrate reduction decreased (P < 0.05). Specifically, the expression of phosphate acetyltransferase (functional methanogenesis gene, pta) and nitrate reductase gamma subunit (functional dissimilatory nitrate reduction gene, narI) was inhibited, indicating of low methane production and nitrogen metabolism. Additionally, the partial least squares path model revealed that the Shannon diversity index was negatively correlated with methane and nitrogen metabolism (P < 0.01), further demonstrating that the response of the soil bacterial microbiome responses are closely linked with GHG-associated metabolism during the soybean-radish rotation process. Collectively, our findings shed light on the responses of soil microbial communities to functional metabolism associated with GHG emissions and provide important insights to mitigate GHG emissions during the rotational cropping of legumes and vegetables.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Verduras/metabolismo , Fabaceae/genética , Fabaceae/metabolismo , Nitratos , Carbono , Solo , Metano/análise , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Agricultura
2.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3097, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600111

RESUMO

The chemical transformations of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) greenhouse gases typically have high energy barriers. Here we present an approach of strategic coupling of CH4 oxidation and CO2 reduction in a switched microbial process governed by redox cycling of iron minerals under temperate conditions. The presence of iron minerals leads to an obvious enhancement of carbon fixation, with the minerals acting as the electron acceptor for CH4 oxidation and the electron donor for CO2 reduction, facilitated by changes in the mineral structure. The electron flow between the two functionally active microbial consortia is tracked through electrochemistry, and the energy metabolism in these consortia is predicted at the genetic level. This study offers a promising strategy for the removal of CH4 and CO2 in the natural environment and proposes an engineering technique for the utilization of major greenhouse gases.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Oxirredução , Ferro , Metano/metabolismo , Minerais
3.
Microbiome ; 12(1): 68, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The trophic strategy is one key principle to categorize microbial lifestyles, by broadly classifying microorganisms based on the combination of their preferred carbon sources, electron sources, and electron sinks. Recently, a novel trophic strategy, i.e., chemoorganoautotrophy-the utilization of organic carbon as energy source but inorganic carbon as sole carbon source-has been specifically proposed for anaerobic methane oxidizing archaea (ANME-1) and Bathyarchaeota subgroup 8 (Bathy-8). RESULTS: To further explore chemoorganoautotrophy, we employed stable isotope probing (SIP) of nucleic acids (rRNA or DNA) using unlabeled organic carbon and 13C-labeled dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), i.e., inverse stable isotope labeling, in combination with metagenomics. We found that ANME-1 archaea actively incorporated 13C-DIC into RNA in the presence of methane and lepidocrocite when sulfate was absent, but assimilated organic carbon when cellulose was added to incubations without methane additions. Bathy-8 archaea assimilated 13C-DIC when lignin was amended; however, their DNA was derived from both inorganic and organic carbon sources rather than from inorganic carbon alone. Based on SIP results and supported by metagenomics, carbon transfer between catabolic and anabolic branches of metabolism is possible in these archaeal groups, indicating their anabolic versatility. CONCLUSION: We provide evidence for the incorporation of the mixed organic and inorganic carbon by ANME-1 and Bathy-8 archaea in the environment. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Archaea , Metano , Archaea/genética , Marcação por Isótopo , Oxirredução , Metano/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , DNA , Anaerobiose , Sedimentos Geológicos , Filogenia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607367

RESUMO

An aerobic methanotroph was isolated from a secondary sedimentation tank of a wastewater treatment plant and designated strain OY6T. Cells of OY6T were Gram-stain-negative, pink-pigmented, motile rods and contained an intracytoplasmic membrane structure typical of type I methanotrophs. OY6T could grow at a pH range of 4.5-7.5 (optimum pH 6.5) and at temperatures ranging from 20 °C to 37 °C (optimum 30 °C). The major cellular fatty acids were C14 : 0, C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c and C16 : 1ω5c; the predominant respiratory quinone was MQ-8. The genome size was 5.41 Mbp with a DNA G+C content of 51.7 mol%. OY6T represents a member of the family Methylococcaceae of the class Gammaproteobacteria and displayed 95.74-99.64 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strains of species of the genus Methylomonas. Whole-genome comparisons based on average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridisation (dDDH) confirmed that OY6T should be classified as representing a novel species. The most closely related type strain was Methylomonas fluvii EbBT, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, ANI by blast (ANIb), ANI by MUMmer (ANIm) and dDDH values of 99.64, 90.46, 91.92 and 44.5 %, respectively. OY6T possessed genes encoding both the particulate methane monooxygenase enzyme and the soluble methane monooxygenase enzyme. It grew only on methane or methanol as carbon sources. On the basis of phenotypic, genetic and phylogenetic data, strain OY6T represents a novel species within the genus Methylomonas for which the name Methylomonas defluvii sp. nov. is proposed, with strain OY6T (=GDMCC 1.4114T=KCTC 8159T=LMG 33371T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Methylococcaceae , Methylomonas , Metano , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Análise de Sequência de DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bactérias , Methylococcaceae/genética , Oxirredução
5.
J Environ Manage ; 357: 120736, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574706

RESUMO

Onsite sanitation systems (OSS) are significant sources of greenhouse gases (GHG) including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). While a handful of studies have been conducted on GHG emissions from OSS, systematic evaluation of literature on this subject is limited. Our systematic review and meta-analysis provides state-of-the- art information on GHG emissions from OSS and identifies novel areas for investigation. The paper analyzes GHG emission rates from different OSS, the influence of various design, operational, and environmental factors on emission rates and proffers mitigation measures. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, we identified 16 articles which quantified GHG emissions from OSS. Septic tanks emit substantial amounts of CO2 and CH4 ranging from 1.74 to 398.30 g CO2/cap/day and 0.06-110.13 g CH4/cap/day, respectively, but have low N2O emissions (0.01-0.06 g N2O/cap/day). CH4 emissions from pit latrines range from 0.77 to 20.30 g CH4/cap/day N2O emissions range from 0.76 to 1.20 gN2O/cap/day. We observed statistically significant correlations (p < 0.05) between temperature, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, storage period, and GHG emissions from OSS. However, no significant correlation (p > 0.05) was observed between soil volumetric water content and CO2 emissions. CH4 emissions (expressed as CO2 equivalents) from OSS estimated following Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines were found to be seven times lower (90.99 g CO2e/cap/day) than in-situ field emission measurements (704.7 g CO2e/cap/day), implying that relying solely on IPCC guidelines may lead to underestimation of GHG emission from OSS. Our findings underscore the importance of considering local contexts and environmental factors when estimating GHG emissions from OSS. Plausible mitigation measures for GHG emissions from OSS include converting waste to biogas in anaerobic systems (e.g. biogas), applying biochar, and implementing mitigation policies that equally address inequalities in sanitation service access. Future research on GHG from OSS should focus on in-situ measurements of GHGs from pit latrines and other common OSS in developing countries, understanding the fate and transport of dissolved organics like CH4 in OSS effluents and impacts of microbial communities in OSS on GHG emissions. Addressing these gaps will enable more holistic and effective management of GHG emissions from OSS.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Biocombustíveis/análise , Saneamento , Solo/química , Metano/análise , Óxido Nitroso/metabolismo , Efeito Estufa
6.
J Environ Manage ; 357: 120828, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579473

RESUMO

Based on the concept of source separation of brown water (BW, human feces with flushing water) and yellow water (urine) in rural area, anaerobic co-digestion of BW with agricultural waste is a promising and effective method for rural waste treatment and resource recovery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the performance of different agricultural wastes (peanut straw (PST), peanut shell (PSH), swine wastewater acting as co-substrate for anaerobic co-digestion with BW, and the relative mechanisms were explored. When the mixed ratio was uniformly set as 1:1 (mass ratio, measured by volatile solid (VS)) and initial VS load as 20 g/L, the maximum cumulative methane production obtained by co-digestion (21 days) of BW and PST was 688 mL/g-VS, which performed better than the individual substrates (341 mL/g-VS), as well as the average of the sole BW and sole PST groups (531.2 mL/g-VS). The most impactful advantage was ascribed to the promotion of hydrolytic and acidogenic enzyme activities. The addition of PST also reduced the production of endogenous humus, which is difficult for biodegradation. Microbial community analysis showed that different co-substrates would affect the microbial community composition in the reactor. The relative abundance of hydrolytic acidogens in the PST and PSH co-digestion groups were higher than that in the SW co-digestion and sole BW groups, and the methanogenic archaea were dominated by the acetate-trophic Methanotrichaceae. The overall results suggest that anaerobic co-digestion is a feasible method, and co-digestion of BW and PST can improve methane production potential.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Água , Humanos , Animais , Suínos , Anaerobiose , Água/análise , Fezes , Digestão , Metano/análise
7.
J Environ Manage ; 357: 120843, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588621

RESUMO

Nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-DAMO) is a novel denitrification process that simultaneously further removes and utilizes methane from anaerobic effluent from wastewater treatment plants. However, the metabolic activity of n-DAMO bacteria is relative low for practical application. In this study, conductive magnetite was added into lab-scale sequencing batch reactor inoculated with n-DAMO bacteria to study the influence on n-DAMO process. With magnetite amendment, the nitrogen removal rate could reach 34.9 mg N·L-1d-1, nearly 2.5 times more than that of control group. Magnetite significantly facilitated the interspecies electron transfer and built electrically connected community with high capacitance. Enzymatic activities of electron transport chain were significantly elevated. Functional gene expression and enzyme activities associated with nitrogen and methane metabolism had been highly up-regulated. These results not only propose a useful strategy in n-DAMO application but also provide insights into the stimulating mechanism of magnetite in n-DAMO process.


Assuntos
Óxido Ferroso-Férrico , Nitritos , Nitritos/metabolismo , Transporte de Elétrons , Anaerobiose , Metano , Elétrons , Desnitrificação , Oxirredução , Bactérias/metabolismo , Bactérias Anaeróbias/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia
8.
Astrobiology ; 24(4): 407-422, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603526

RESUMO

Recent ground-based observations of Venus have detected a single spectral feature consistent with phosphine (PH3) in the middle atmosphere, a gas which has been suggested as a biosignature on rocky planets. The presence of PH3 in the oxidized atmosphere of Venus has not yet been explained by any abiotic process. However, state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical research published in previous works demonstrated a photochemical origin of another potential biosignature-the hydride methane-from carbon dioxide over acidic mineral surfaces on Mars. The production of methane includes formation of the HC · O radical. Our density functional theory (DFT) calculations predict an energetically plausible reaction network leading to PH3, involving either HC · O or H· radicals. We suggest that, similarly to the photochemical formation of methane over acidic minerals already discussed for Mars, the origin of PH3 in Venus' atmosphere could be explained by radical chemistry starting with the reaction of ·PO with HC·O, the latter being produced by reduction of CO2 over acidic dust in upper atmospheric layers of Venus by ultraviolet radiation. HPO, H2P·O, and H3P·OH have been identified as key intermediate species in our model pathway for phosphine synthesis.


Assuntos
Fosfinas , Vênus , Meio Ambiente Extraterreno , Raios Ultravioleta , Processos Fotoquímicos , Atmosfera , Metano
9.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297784, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603686

RESUMO

Based on the integrated model of Super-SBM model, spatial Durbin model (SDM) and Grey neural network model, this paper analyzes the panel data of various provinces in China from multiple angles and dimensions. It was found that there were significant differences in eco-efficiency between organic rice production and conventional rice production. The response of organic rice to climate change, the spatial distribution of ecological and economic benefits and the impact on carbon emission were analyzed. The results showed that organic rice planting not only had higher economic benefits, but also showed a rising trend of ecological benefits and a positive feedback effect. This finding highlights the importance of organic rice farming in reducing carbon emissions. Organic rice farming effectively reduces greenhouse gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide and methane, by improving soil management and reducing the use of fertilizers and pesticides. This has important implications for mitigating climate change and promoting soil health and biodiversity. With the acceleration of urbanization, the increase of organic rice planting area shows the trend of organic rice gradually replacing traditional rice cultivation, further highlighting the potential of organic agriculture in emission reduction, environmental protection and sustainable agricultural production. To this end, it is recommended that the Government implement a diversified support strategy to encourage technological innovation, provide guidance and training, and raise public awareness and demand for organic products. At the same time, private sector participation is stimulated to support the development of organic rice cultivation through a public-private partnership model. Through these measures, further promote organic rice cultivation, achieve the dual goals of economic benefits and environmental benefits, and effectively promote the realization of double carbon emission reduction targets.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Oryza , Agricultura/métodos , Solo , Agricultura Orgânica , China , Metano/análise , Fertilizantes
10.
Int. microbiol ; 27(2): 607-614, Abr. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-ADZ-171

RESUMO

Wetlands are the main natural sources of methane emissions, which make up a significant portion of greenhouse gas emissions. Such wetland patches serve as rich habitats for aerobic methanotrophs. Limited knowledge of methanotrophs from tropical wetlands widens the scope of study from these habitats. In the present study, a freshwater wetland in a tropical region in India was sampled and serially diluted to obtain methanotrophs in culture. This was followed by the isolation of methanotrophs on agarose-containing plates, incubated under methane: air atmosphere. Methanotrophs are difficult to cultivate, and very few cultures of methanotrophs are available from tropical wetlands. Our current study reports the cultivation of a diverse community of methanotrophs from six genera, namely, Methylomonas, Methylococcus, Methylomagnum, Methylocucumis (type I methanotrophs) along with Methylocystis, Methylosinus (type II methanotrophs). A high abundance of methanotrophs (106–1010 methanotrophs/g fresh weight) was observed in the samples. A Methylococcus strain could represent a putative novel species that was also isolated. Cultures of Methylomagnum and Methylocucumis, two newly described type I methanotrophs exclusively found in rice fields, were obtained. A large number of Methylomonas koyamae strains were cultured. Our study is pioneering in the documentation of culturable methanotrophs from a typical tropical wetland patch. The isolated methanotrophs can act as models for studying methanotroph-based methane mitigation from wetland habitats and can be used for various mitigation and valorization applications. (AU)


Assuntos
Áreas Alagadas , Metano , Efeito Estufa , Gases , Ecossistema , Água Doce
11.
Microb Cell Fact ; 23(1): 102, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poultry feather waste has a potential for bioenergy production because of its high protein content. This research explored the use of chicken feather hydrolysate for methane and hydrogen production via anaerobic digestion and bioelectrochemical systems, respectively. Solid state fermentation of chicken waste was conducted using a recombinant strain of Bacillus subtilis DB100 (p5.2). RESULTS: In the anaerobic digestion, feather hydrolysate produced maximally 0.67 Nm3 CH4/kg feathers and 0.85 mmol H2/day.L concomitant to COD removal of 86% and 93%, respectively. The bioelectrochemical systems used were microbial fuel and electrolysis cells. In the first using a microbial fuel cell, feather hydrolysate produced electricity with a maximum cell potential of 375 mV and a current of 0.52 mA. In the microbial electrolysis cell, the hydrolysate enhanced the hydrogen production rate to 7.5 mmol/day.L, with a current density of 11.5 A/m2 and a power density of 9.26 W/m2. CONCLUSIONS: The data indicated that the sustainable utilization of keratin hydrolysate to produce electricity and biohydrogen via bioelectrical chemical systems is feasible. Keratin hydrolysate can produce electricity and biofuels through an integrated aerobic-anaerobic fermentation system.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Plumas , Animais , Anaerobiose , Galinhas/metabolismo , Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Queratinas/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Biocombustíveis , Reatores Biológicos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37580, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608057

RESUMO

In this research, it was aimed to evaluate effects of methane emissions on multiple myeloma related mortality rates. Two countries in Europe (Germany and Netherlands) and 1 country for each region (Turkey, USA, Brazil, Egypt, and Australia) were selected within The World Health Organization Database. Multiple myeloma mortality rates of countries between 2009 and 2019 were used as dependent variable of the research. Methane emission level and agriculture methane levels of countries were used as independent variables from The World Bank Database. Current health expenditure and healthy life expectancy were used as controlling variables. Multiple myeloma-related mortality rate was the highest in the USA, followed by Germany, Brazil, Turkey, Australia, Netherlands, and Egypt. Difference analysis results were significant (P < .05). Methane and agriculture methane emissions were the highest in the USA. Multiple myeloma mortality was positively correlated with methane emissions (R = 0.504; P < .01), agricultural methane emissions (R = 0.705; P < .01), and current health expenditure (R = 0.528; P < .01). According to year and country controlled correlation analysis results, multiple myeloma mortality (MMM) was positively correlated with methane emissions (R = 0.889; P < .01), agricultural methane emissions (R = 0.495; P < .01), and current health expenditure (R = 0.704; P < .01). Methane emission (B = 0.01; P < .05), Germany (B = 9010.81; P < .01), the USA (B = 26516.77; P < .01), and Brazil (B = 4886.14; P < .01) had significant effect on MMM. Nonagricultural methane production has an increasing effect on MMM. Therefore, by looking at the differences between agricultural methane emissions and general methane emissions, studies can be conducted that allow for more effective global comparisons.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Europa (Continente) , Agricultura , Metano , Organização Mundial da Saúde
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130568, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467264

RESUMO

Activating microbes with light is a promising strategy for addressing ammonia-stressed anaerobic digestion (AD). However, as a critical in-process parameter, homogenous operation, in light-assisted AD amended by bio-fixed bed has received limited attention. This research endeavors to establish a uniform-illuminated biosystem and assess its practical feasibility through a 90-day semi-continuous operation at pilot scale under solar light illumination. With optimal stirring mode (intermittent stirring for 3 min every 15 min), robust methane yields were achieved across various organic loads, reaching 88.7-94.3% of theoretical yield under high ammonium stress (3500 mg/L). The metagenomic analysis unveiled that uniform illumination triggered synergistic effects in AD, fostering a diversified microbial consortium, enhancing carbohydrate and methane metabolism, and facilitating the formation of an electroactive bio-cluster. This study underscores the significance of homogenous illumination in AD systems for efficient waste-to-energy conversion, highlighting the implementation of solar light as a greener approach for scale-up application.


Assuntos
Amônia , Compostos de Amônio , Reatores Biológicos , Anaerobiose , Metano
14.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130575, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479629

RESUMO

Aerobic kitchen waste composting can contribute to greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions and global warming. This study investigated the effects of biochar and zeolite on GHGs emissions during composting. The findings demonstrated that biochar could reduce N2O and CH4 cumulative releases by 47.7 %and 47.9 %, respectively, and zeolite could reduce the cumulative release of CO2 by 28.4 %. Meanwhile, the biochar and zeolite addition could reduce the abundance of potential core microorganisms associated with GHGs emissions. In addition, biochar and zeolite reduced N2O emissions by regulating the abundance of nitrogen conversion functional genes. Biochar and zeolite were shown to reduce the impact of bacterial communities on GHGs emissions. In summary, this study revealed that biochar and zeolite can effectively reduce GHG emissions during composting by altering the compost microenvironment and regulating microbial community structure. Such findings are valuable for facilitating high-quality resource recovery of organic solid waste.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Zeolitas , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Zeolitas/química , Solo/química , Metano/análise , Carvão Vegetal , Nitrogênio/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise
15.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130603, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499204

RESUMO

This study presents a novel method for accelerating the granulation of methanogenic anaerobic granular sludge (AnGS) in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor using solid-phase humin (HM). The results demonstrated that HM-mediated AnGS (HM-AnGS) formed rapidly within 50 days. The increase in particle size, settling velocity and mechanical strength was attributed to the rapid granulation of the HM-AnGS. The maximum methane yield of the HM-AnGS was 5-fold higher than that of the control group. This is consistent with the findings, which showed that HM-AnGS had 3.2-3.4 times more methyl-coenzyme M reductase (Mcr) activity and 2.4-2.9 times more adenosine triphosphate (ATP) than control groups. Molecular analyses indicate that HM most likely accelerated interspecies electron transfer (IET) in HM-AnGS (e.g., from Enterococcus to Methanosaeta). Furthermore, the HM-AnGS was effective in recovering energy from actual slaughterhouse wastewater.


Assuntos
Substâncias Húmicas , Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Anaerobiose , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Reatores Biológicos , Metano
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130607, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499203

RESUMO

A halotolerant consortium between microalgae and methanotrophic bacteria could effectively remediate in situ CH4 and CO2, particularly using saline wastewater sources. Herein, Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum 20Z was demonstrated to form a mutualistic association with Chlorella sp. HS2 at a salinity level above 3.0%. Co-culture significantly enhanced the growth of both microbes, independent of initial inoculum ratios. Additionally, increased methane provision in enclosed serum bottles led to saturated methane removal. Subsequent analyses suggested nearly an order of magnitude increase in the amount of carbon sequestered in biomass in methane-fed co-cultures, conditions that also maintained a suitable cultural pH suitable for methanotrophic growth. Collectively, these results suggest a robust metabolic coupling between the two microbes and the influence of the factors other than gaseous exchange on the assembled consortium. Therefore, multi-faceted investigations are needed to harness the significant methane removal potential of the identified halotolerant consortium under conditions relevant to real-world operation scenarios.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Methylococcaceae , Metano/metabolismo , Chlorella/metabolismo , Methylococcaceae/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo
17.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130625, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518882

RESUMO

Anaerobic digestion (AD) of microalgae is an intriguing approach for bioenergy production. The scaling-up of AD presents a significant challenge due to the systematic efficiency losses related to process instabilities. To gain a comprehensive understanding of AD behavior, this study assessed a modified version of the anaerobic digestion model No1 (ADM1) + Contois kinetics to represent microalgae AD impacted by overloading. To this end, two new inhibition functions were implemented: inhibition by acetate for acidogenesis/acetogenesis and total volatile fatty acids for hydrolysis. This proposed ADM1 modification (including Contois kinetics) simulated AD behavior during the stable, disturbed and recovery periods, showing that the inhibition functions described in the original ADM1 cannot explain the AD performance under one of the most common perturbations at industrial scale (overloading). The findings underscore the importance of refining the inhibitions present in original ADM1 to better capture and predict the complexities of microalgae AD against overloading.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Microalgas , Anaerobiose , Biomassa , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis , Metano
18.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130630, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522678

RESUMO

The present study aims to enhance the biomethane production potential of microalgae via a dual disintegration process. During this process, the microalgae biomass was firstly subjected to cell wall weakening by thermochemical disintegration (TC) (50 to 80 °C), pH adjustment with alkali, NaOH (6 to 10) and time (0 to 10 min) and, secondly, by bacterial disintegration (BD). TC-BD disintegration was comparatively higher (33 %) than BD (24 %), TC (8.5 %), and control (7 %). A more significant VFA accumulation of 2816 mg/L was recorded for TC-BD. Similarly, a greater substrate anaerobic biodegradability was achieved in TC-BD (0.32 g COD /g COD) than BD (0.21 g COD /g COD), TC alone (0.09 gCOD/g COD) and control (0.08 g COD /g COD), respectively. The TC-BD achieves a positive net profit and an energy ratio of + 0.12 GJ/d and 1.03. The proposed dual disintegration has a promising future for commercialization.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Biomassa , Análise Custo-Benefício , Metano , Bactérias , Anaerobiose
19.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(16): 24461-24479, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441735

RESUMO

Animal waste can be converted into a renewable energy source using biogas technology. This process has an impact on greenhouse gas emissions and is a sustainable source of energy for countries. It can reduce the effects of climate change and protect the planet for future generations. Tier1 and tier2 approaches are commonly used in the literature to calculate emissions factors. With boosting algorithms, this study estimated each animal category's biogas potential and CH4 emissions (tier1 and tier2 approach) for 2004-2021 in all of Turkey's provinces. Two different scenarios were created in the study. For scenario-1, the years 2020-2021 were predicted using data from 2004 to 2019, while for scenario-2, the years 2022-2024 were predicted using data from 2004 to 2021. According to the scenario-1 analysis, the eXtreme Gradient Boosting Regressor (XGBR) algorithm was the most successful algorithm with an R2 of 0.9883 for animal-based biogas prediction and 0.9835 and 0.9773 for animal-based CH4 emission predictions (tier1 and tier2 approaches) for the years 2020-2021. When the mean absolute percentage error was evaluated, it was found to be relatively low at 0.46%, 1.07%, and 2.78%, respectively. According to the scenario-2 analysis, the XGBR algorithm predicted the log10 values of the animal-based biogas potential of five major cities in Turkey for the year 2024, with 11.279 for Istanbul, 12.055 for Ankara, 12.309 for Izmir, 11.869 for Bursa, and 12.866 for Antalya. In the estimation of log10 values of CH4 emission, the tier1 approach yielded estimates of 3.080, 3.652, 3.929, 3.411, and 3.321, respectively, while the tier2 approach yielded estimates of 1.810, 2.806, 2.757, 2.552 and 2.122, respectively.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Aves Domésticas , Animais , Bovinos , Esterco , Turquia , Metano/análise , Ruminantes
20.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 47(4): 483-493, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478120

RESUMO

To improve the methanogenic efficiency of lignite anaerobic fermentation and explore innovative approaches to sludge utilization, a co-fermentation technique involving lignite and sludge was employed for converting biomass into biomethane. Volatile suspended solids were introduced as a native enrichment of the sludge and mixed with lignite for fermentation. The synergistic fermentation mechanism between sludge and lignite for biomethane production was analyzed through biochemical methane potential experiments, measurement of various parameters pre- and post-fermentation, observation of bacterial population changes during the peak of reaction, carbon migration assessment, and evaluation of rheological characteristics. The results showed that the addition of sludge in the anaerobic fermentation process improved the microorganisms' ability to degrade lignite and bolstered biomethane production. Notably, the maximum methane production recorded was 215.52 mL/g-volatile suspended solids, achieved at a sludge to coal ratio of 3:1, with a synergistic growth rate of 25.37%. Furthermore, the removal rates of total suspended solids, and total chemical oxygen demand exhibited an upward trend with an increasing percentage of sludge in the mixture. The relative abundance and activity of the methanogens population were found to increase with an appropriate ratio of sludge to lignite. This observation confirmed the migration of carbon between the solid-liquid-gas phases, promoting enhanced system affinity. Additionally, the changes in solid-liquid phase parameters before and after the reaction indicated that the addition of sludge improved the system's degradation capacity. The results of the study hold significant implications in realizing the resource utilization of sludge and lignite while contributing to environmental protection endeavors.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Esgotos , Fermentação , Esgotos/microbiologia , Metano/metabolismo , Carbono , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos
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