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1.
Chemosphere ; 355: 141831, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561162

RESUMO

The recalcitrance of lignin impedes the efficient utilization of lignocellulosic biomass, hindering the efficient production of biogas and value-added materials. Despite the emergence of anaerobic digestion as a superior alternative to the aerobic method for lignin processing, achieving its feasibility requires thorough characterization of lignin-degrading anaerobic microorganisms, assessment of their biomethane production potential, and a comprehensive understanding of the degradation pathway. This study aimed to address the aforementioned necessities by bioaugmenting seed sludge with three distinct enriched lignin-degrading microbial consortia at both 25 °C and 37 °C. Enhanced biomethane yields was detected in the bioaugmented digesters, while the highest production was observed as 188 mLN CH4 gVS-1 in digesters operated at 37 °C. Moreover, methane yield showed a significant improvement in the samples at 37 °C ranging from 110% to 141% compared to the control, demonstrating the efficiency of the enriched lignin-degrading microbial community. Temperature and substrate were identified as key factors influencing microbial community dynamics. The observation that microbial communities tended to revert to the initial state after lignin depletion, indicating the stability of the overall microbiota composition in the digesters, is a promising finding for large-scale studies. Noteworthy candidates for lignin degradation, including Sporosarcina psychrophila, Comamonas aquatica, Shewanella baltica, Pseudomonas sp. C27, and Brevefilum fermentans were identified in the bioaugmented samples. PICRUSt2 predictions suggest that the pathway and specific proteins involved in anaerobic lignin degradation might share similarities with those engaged in the degradation of aromatic compounds.


Assuntos
Lignina , Microbiota , Lignina/metabolismo , Consórcios Microbianos , Reatores Biológicos , Anaerobiose , Metano/metabolismo , Biocombustíveis
2.
Chemosphere ; 355: 141832, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570044

RESUMO

Climate change and plastic pollution are likely the most relevant challenges for the environment in the 21st century. Developing cost-effective technologies for the bioconversion of methane (CH4) into polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) could simultaneously mitigate CH4 emissions and boost the commercialization of biodegradable polymers. Despite the fact that the role of temperature, nitrogen deprivation, CH4:O2 ratio or micronutrients availability on the PHA accumulation capacity of methanotrophs has been carefully explored, there is still a need for optimization of the CH4-to-PHA bioconversion process prior to becoming a feasible platform in future biorefineries. In this study, the influence of different cultivation broth pH values (5.5, 7, 8.5 and 10) on bacterial biomass growth, CH4 bioconversion rate, PHA accumulation capacity and bacterial community structure was investigated in a stirred tank bioreactor under nitrogen deprivation conditions. Higher CH4 elimination rates were obtained at increasing pH, with a maximum value of 50.4 ± 2.7 g CH4·m-3·h-1 observed at pH 8.5. This was likely mediated by an increased ionic strength in the mineral medium, which enhanced the gas-liquid mass transfer. Interestingly, higher PHB accumulations were observed at decreasing pH, with the highest PHB contents recorded at a pH 5.5 (43.7 ± 3.4 %w·w-1). The strong selective pressure of low pH towards the growth of Type II methanotrophic bacteria could explain this finding. The genus Methylocystis increased its abundance from 34 % up to 85 and 90 % at pH 5.5 and 7, respectively. On the contrary, Methylocystis was less abundant in the community enriched at pH 8.5 (14 %). The accumulation of intracellular PHB as energy and carbon storage material allowed the maintenance of high CH4 biodegradation rates during 48 h after complete nitrogen deprivation. The results here obtained demonstrated for the first time a crucial and multifactorial role of pH on the bioconversion performance of CH4 into PHA.


Assuntos
Methylocystaceae , Poli-Hidroxialcanoatos , Poli-Hidroxibutiratos , Carbono/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Methylocystaceae/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
3.
Microb Cell Fact ; 23(1): 102, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poultry feather waste has a potential for bioenergy production because of its high protein content. This research explored the use of chicken feather hydrolysate for methane and hydrogen production via anaerobic digestion and bioelectrochemical systems, respectively. Solid state fermentation of chicken waste was conducted using a recombinant strain of Bacillus subtilis DB100 (p5.2). RESULTS: In the anaerobic digestion, feather hydrolysate produced maximally 0.67 Nm3 CH4/kg feathers and 0.85 mmol H2/day.L concomitant to COD removal of 86% and 93%, respectively. The bioelectrochemical systems used were microbial fuel and electrolysis cells. In the first using a microbial fuel cell, feather hydrolysate produced electricity with a maximum cell potential of 375 mV and a current of 0.52 mA. In the microbial electrolysis cell, the hydrolysate enhanced the hydrogen production rate to 7.5 mmol/day.L, with a current density of 11.5 A/m2 and a power density of 9.26 W/m2. CONCLUSIONS: The data indicated that the sustainable utilization of keratin hydrolysate to produce electricity and biohydrogen via bioelectrical chemical systems is feasible. Keratin hydrolysate can produce electricity and biofuels through an integrated aerobic-anaerobic fermentation system.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Plumas , Animais , Anaerobiose , Galinhas/metabolismo , Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Queratinas/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Biocombustíveis , Reatores Biológicos
4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3097, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600111

RESUMO

The chemical transformations of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) greenhouse gases typically have high energy barriers. Here we present an approach of strategic coupling of CH4 oxidation and CO2 reduction in a switched microbial process governed by redox cycling of iron minerals under temperate conditions. The presence of iron minerals leads to an obvious enhancement of carbon fixation, with the minerals acting as the electron acceptor for CH4 oxidation and the electron donor for CO2 reduction, facilitated by changes in the mineral structure. The electron flow between the two functionally active microbial consortia is tracked through electrochemistry, and the energy metabolism in these consortia is predicted at the genetic level. This study offers a promising strategy for the removal of CH4 and CO2 in the natural environment and proposes an engineering technique for the utilization of major greenhouse gases.


Assuntos
Gases de Efeito Estufa , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Oxirredução , Ferro , Metano/metabolismo , Minerais
5.
Microbiome ; 12(1): 68, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The trophic strategy is one key principle to categorize microbial lifestyles, by broadly classifying microorganisms based on the combination of their preferred carbon sources, electron sources, and electron sinks. Recently, a novel trophic strategy, i.e., chemoorganoautotrophy-the utilization of organic carbon as energy source but inorganic carbon as sole carbon source-has been specifically proposed for anaerobic methane oxidizing archaea (ANME-1) and Bathyarchaeota subgroup 8 (Bathy-8). RESULTS: To further explore chemoorganoautotrophy, we employed stable isotope probing (SIP) of nucleic acids (rRNA or DNA) using unlabeled organic carbon and 13C-labeled dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), i.e., inverse stable isotope labeling, in combination with metagenomics. We found that ANME-1 archaea actively incorporated 13C-DIC into RNA in the presence of methane and lepidocrocite when sulfate was absent, but assimilated organic carbon when cellulose was added to incubations without methane additions. Bathy-8 archaea assimilated 13C-DIC when lignin was amended; however, their DNA was derived from both inorganic and organic carbon sources rather than from inorganic carbon alone. Based on SIP results and supported by metagenomics, carbon transfer between catabolic and anabolic branches of metabolism is possible in these archaeal groups, indicating their anabolic versatility. CONCLUSION: We provide evidence for the incorporation of the mixed organic and inorganic carbon by ANME-1 and Bathy-8 archaea in the environment. Video Abstract.


Assuntos
Archaea , Metano , Archaea/genética , Marcação por Isótopo , Oxirredução , Metano/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , DNA , Anaerobiose , Sedimentos Geológicos , Filogenia
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 171808, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508273

RESUMO

Enteric methane (CH4) produced by ruminant livestock is a potent greenhouse gas and represents significant energy loss for the animal. The novel application of oxidising compounds as antimethanogenic agents with future potential to be included in ruminant feeds, was assessed across two separate experiments in this study. Low concentrations of oxidising agents, namely urea hydrogen peroxide (UHP) with and without potassium iodide (KI), and magnesium peroxide (MgO2), were investigated for their effects on CH4 production, total gas production (TGP), volatile fatty acid (VFA) profiles, and nutrient disappearance in vitro using the rumen simulation technique. In both experiments, the in vitro diet consisted of 50:50 grass silage:concentrate on a dry matter basis. Treatment concentrations were based on the amount of oxygen delivered and expressed in terms of fold concentration. In Experiment 1, four treatments were tested (Control, 1× UHP + KI, 1× UHP, and 0.5× UHP + KI), and six treatments were assessed in Experiment 2 (Control, 0.5× UHP + KI, 0.5× UHP, 0.25× UHP + KI, 0.25× UHP, and 0.12× MgO2). All treatments in this study had a reducing effect on CH4 parameters. A dose-dependent reduction of TGP and CH4 parameters was observed, where treatments delivering higher levels of oxygen resulted in greater CH4 suppression. 1× UHP + KI reduced TGP by 28 % (p = 0.611), CH4% by 64 % (p = 0.075) and CH4 mmol/g digestible organic matter by 71 % (p = 0.037). 0.12× MgO2 reduced CH4 volume by 25 % (p > 0.05) without affecting any other parameters. Acetate-to-propionate ratios were reduced by treatments in both experiments (p < 0.01). Molar proportions of acetate and butyrate were reduced, while propionate and valerate were increased in UHP treatments. High concentrations of UHP affected the degradation of neutral detergent fibre in the forage substrate. Future in vitro work should investigate alternative slow-release oxygen sources aimed at prolonging CH4 suppression.


Assuntos
Propionatos , Rúmen , Animais , Feminino , Propionatos/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Óxido de Magnésio/metabolismo , Dieta , Silagem/análise , Ruminantes , Acetatos/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Fermentação , Digestão , Lactação
7.
Biotechnol Adv ; 72: 108347, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527656

RESUMO

Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions is a critical challenge for promoting global sustainability. The utilization of CO2 and CH4 as substrates for the production of valuable products offers a promising avenue for establishing an eco-friendly economy. Biocatalysis, a sustainable process utilizing enzymes to facilitate biochemical reactions, plays a significant role in upcycling greenhouse gases. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the enzymes and associated reactions involved in the biocatalytic conversion of CO2 and CH4. Furthermore, the challenges facing the field are discussed, paving the way for future research directions focused on developing robust enzymes and systems for the efficient fixation of CO2 and CH4.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Biocatálise , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Metano/metabolismo
8.
Water Res ; 253: 121354, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428359

RESUMO

DNA-based monitoring of microbial communities that are responsible for the performance of anaerobic digestion of sewage wastes has the potential to improve resource recoveries for wastewater treatment facilities. By treating sludge with propidium monoazide (PMA) prior to amplicon sequencing, this study explored how the presence of DNA from dead microbial biomass carried over with feed sludge may mislead process-relevant biomarkers, and whether primer choice impacts such assessments. Four common primers were selected for amplicon preparation, also to determine if universal primers have sufficient taxonomic or functional coverage for monitoring ecological performance; or whether two domain-specific primers for Bacteria and Archaea are necessary. Anaerobic sludges of three municipal continuously stirred-tank reactors in Victoria, Australia, were sampled at one time-point. A total of 240 amplicon libraries were sequenced on a Miseq using two universal and two domain-specific primer pairs. Untargeted metabolomics was chosen to complement biological interpretation of amplicon gene-based functional predictions. Diversity, taxonomy, phylogeny and functional potentials were systematically assessed using PICRUSt2, which can predict community wide pathway abundance. The two chosen universal primers provided similar diversity profiles of abundant Bacteria and Archaea, compared to the domain-specific primers. About 16 % of all detected prokaryotic genera covering 30 % of total abundances and 6 % of PICRUSt2-estimated pathway abundances were affected by PMA. This showed that dead biomass in the anaerobic digesters impacted DNA-based assessments, with implications for predicting active processes, such as methanogenesis, denitrification or the identification of organisms associated with biological foams. Hence, instead of running two sequencing runs with two different domain-specific primers, we propose conducting PMA-seq with universal primer pairs for routine performance monitoring. However, dead sludge biomass may have some predictive value. In principal component analysis the compositional variation of 239 sludge metabolites resembled that of 'dead-plus-alive' biomass, suggesting that dead organisms contributed to the potentially process-relevant sludge metabolome.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Biológico , Esgotos , Esgotos/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , Bactérias/metabolismo , Archaea/metabolismo , DNA/metabolismo , Vitória , Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia , Metano/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo
9.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130607, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499203

RESUMO

A halotolerant consortium between microalgae and methanotrophic bacteria could effectively remediate in situ CH4 and CO2, particularly using saline wastewater sources. Herein, Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum 20Z was demonstrated to form a mutualistic association with Chlorella sp. HS2 at a salinity level above 3.0%. Co-culture significantly enhanced the growth of both microbes, independent of initial inoculum ratios. Additionally, increased methane provision in enclosed serum bottles led to saturated methane removal. Subsequent analyses suggested nearly an order of magnitude increase in the amount of carbon sequestered in biomass in methane-fed co-cultures, conditions that also maintained a suitable cultural pH suitable for methanotrophic growth. Collectively, these results suggest a robust metabolic coupling between the two microbes and the influence of the factors other than gaseous exchange on the assembled consortium. Therefore, multi-faceted investigations are needed to harness the significant methane removal potential of the identified halotolerant consortium under conditions relevant to real-world operation scenarios.


Assuntos
Chlorella , Methylococcaceae , Metano/metabolismo , Chlorella/metabolismo , Methylococcaceae/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo
10.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; 90(4): e0235123, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517167

RESUMO

In rice paddies, soil and plant-derived organic matter are degraded anaerobically to methane (CH4), a powerful greenhouse gas. The highest rate of methane emission occurs during the reproductive stage of the plant when mostly dicarboxylic acids are exudated by the roots. The emission of methane at this stage depends largely on the cooperative interaction between dicarboxylic acid-fermenting bacteria and methanogenic archaea in the rhizosphere. The fermentation of tartrate, one of the major acids exudated, has been scarcely explored in rice paddy soils. In this work, we characterized an anaerobic consortium from rice paddy soil composed of four bacterial strains, whose principal member (LT8) can ferment tartrate, producing H2 and acetate. Tartrate fermentation was accelerated by co-inoculation with a hydrogenotrophic methanogen. The assembled genome of LT8 possesses a Na+-dependent oxaloacetate decarboxylase and shows that this bacterium likely invests part of the H2 produced to reduce NAD(P)+ to assimilate C from tartrate. The phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene, the genome-based classification as well as the average amino acid identity (AAI) indicated that LT8 belongs to a new genus within the Sporomusaceae family. LT8 shares a few common features with its closest relatives, for which tartrate degradation has not been described. LT8 is limited to a few environments but is more common in rice paddy soils, where it might contribute to methane emissions from root exudates.IMPORTANCEThis is the first report of the metabolic characterization of a new anaerobic bacterium able to degrade tartrate, a compound frequently associated with plants, but rare as a microbial metabolite. Tartrate fermentation by this bacterium can be coupled to methanogenesis in the rice rhizosphere where tartrate is mainly produced at the reproductive stage of the plant, when the maximum methane rate emission occurs. The interaction between secondary fermentative bacteria, such as LT8, and methanogens could represent a fundamental step in exploring mitigation strategies for methane emissions from rice fields. Possible strategies could include controlling the activity of these secondary fermentative bacteria or selecting plants whose exudates are more difficult to ferment.


Assuntos
Euryarchaeota , Oryza , Solo/química , Oryza/microbiologia , Fermentação , Tartaratos/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Filogenia , Composição de Bases , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Bactérias , Bactérias Anaeróbias/metabolismo , Euryarchaeota/metabolismo , Firmicutes/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/genética , Metano/metabolismo
11.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 47(4): 483-493, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478120

RESUMO

To improve the methanogenic efficiency of lignite anaerobic fermentation and explore innovative approaches to sludge utilization, a co-fermentation technique involving lignite and sludge was employed for converting biomass into biomethane. Volatile suspended solids were introduced as a native enrichment of the sludge and mixed with lignite for fermentation. The synergistic fermentation mechanism between sludge and lignite for biomethane production was analyzed through biochemical methane potential experiments, measurement of various parameters pre- and post-fermentation, observation of bacterial population changes during the peak of reaction, carbon migration assessment, and evaluation of rheological characteristics. The results showed that the addition of sludge in the anaerobic fermentation process improved the microorganisms' ability to degrade lignite and bolstered biomethane production. Notably, the maximum methane production recorded was 215.52 mL/g-volatile suspended solids, achieved at a sludge to coal ratio of 3:1, with a synergistic growth rate of 25.37%. Furthermore, the removal rates of total suspended solids, and total chemical oxygen demand exhibited an upward trend with an increasing percentage of sludge in the mixture. The relative abundance and activity of the methanogens population were found to increase with an appropriate ratio of sludge to lignite. This observation confirmed the migration of carbon between the solid-liquid-gas phases, promoting enhanced system affinity. Additionally, the changes in solid-liquid phase parameters before and after the reaction indicated that the addition of sludge improved the system's degradation capacity. The results of the study hold significant implications in realizing the resource utilization of sludge and lignite while contributing to environmental protection endeavors.


Assuntos
Carvão Mineral , Esgotos , Fermentação , Esgotos/microbiologia , Metano/metabolismo , Carbono , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos
12.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 47(4): 463-474, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492006

RESUMO

Biological conversion of waste methane to biodegradable plastics is a way of reducing their production cost. This study addresses the computational modeling of the growth phase reactor of the process of polyhydroxybutyrate production. The model was used for investigating the effect of gas recycling and inlet gas retention time on the reactor performance. The model was run by the use of a genome-scale metabolic network of Methylocystis hirsuta in a dynamic flux balance analysis framework. The reactor has been modeled for two separate feeding scenarios: a pure methane feed and a biogas feed. The mass transfer coefficient parameter was predicted as a function of superficial gas velocities by the regression of data from published experiments. The results show an increase of removal efficiency by 38% and biomass concentration by 2.8 g/L with the increase of gas recycle ratio from 0 to 30 at the empty bed residence time of 60  min .


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Metano , Metano/metabolismo , Poli-Hidroxibutiratos , Simulação por Computador , Redes e Vias Metabólicas
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(14): e2315568121, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530900

RESUMO

Methanogenic archaea inhabiting anaerobic environments play a crucial role in the global biogeochemical material cycle. The most universal electrogenic reaction of their methane-producing energy metabolism is catalyzed by N    5-methyl-tetrahydromethanopterin: coenzyme M methyltransferase (MtrABCDEFGH), which couples the vectorial Na+ transport with a methyl transfer between the one-carbon carriers tetrahydromethanopterin and coenzyme M via a vitamin B12 derivative (cobamide) as prosthetic group. We present the 2.08 Šcryo-EM structure of Mtr(ABCDEFG)3 composed of the central Mtr(ABFG)3 stalk symmetrically flanked by three membrane-spanning MtrCDE globes. Tetraether glycolipids visible in the map fill gaps inside the multisubunit complex. Putative coenzyme M and Na+ were identified inside or in a side-pocket of a cytoplasmic cavity formed within MtrCDE. Its bottom marks the gate of the transmembrane pore occluded in the cryo-EM map. By integrating Alphafold2 information, functionally competent MtrA-MtrH and MtrA-MtrCDE subcomplexes could be modeled and thus the methyl-tetrahydromethanopterin demethylation and coenzyme M methylation half-reactions structurally described. Methyl-transfer-driven Na+ transport is proposed to be based on a strong and weak complex between MtrCDE and MtrA carrying vitamin B12, the latter being placed at the entrance of the cytoplasmic MtrCDE cavity. Hypothetically, strongly attached methyl-cob(III)amide (His-on) carrying MtrA induces an inward-facing conformation, Na+ flux into the membrane protein center and finally coenzyme M methylation while the generated loosely attached (or detached) MtrA carrying cob(I)amide (His-off) induces an outward-facing conformation and an extracellular Na+ outflux. Methyl-cob(III)amide (His-on) is regenerated in the distant active site of the methyl-tetrahydromethanopterin binding MtrH implicating a large-scale shuttling movement of the vitamin B12-carrying domain.


Assuntos
Mesna , Metiltransferases , Mesna/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Metilação , Vitamina B 12/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Amidas , Vitaminas
14.
Water Res ; 254: 121393, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428236

RESUMO

The addition of exogenous materials is a commonly reported method for promoting the anaerobic digestion (AD) of sludge. However, most exogenous materials are nano-sized and their use encounters problems relating to a need for continuous replenishment, uncontrollability and non-recyclability. Here, magnetic porous microspheres (MPMs), which can be controlled by magnetic forces, were prepared and used to enhance the methanogenesis of sludge. It was observed that the MPMs were spherical particles with diameters of approximately 100 µm and had a stable macroporous hybrid structure of magnetic cores and polymeric shells. Furthermore, the MPMs had good magnetic properties and a strong solid-liquid interfacial electron transfer ability, suggesting that MPMs are excellent carriers for methanogenic consortia. Experimental results showed that the addition of MPMs increased methane production and the proportion of methane in biogas from AD by 100.0 % and 21.2 %, respectively, indicating the MPMs notably enhanced the methanogenesis of sludge. Analyses of variations in key enzyme activities and electron transfer in sludge samples with and without MPMs in AD revealed that the MPMs significantly enhanced the activities of key enzymes involved in hydrolysis, acidification and methanation. This was achieved mainly by enhancing the extracellular electron transfer to strengthen the proton motive force on the cell membrane, which provides more energy generation for methanogenic metabolism. A careful examination of the variations in the morphology, pore structure and magnetism of the MPMs before and after AD revealed that the MPMs increased the prevalence of many highly active anaerobes, and that this did not weaken the magnetic performance. The microbial community structure and metatranscriptomic analysis further indicated that the acetotrophic methanogens (i.e., Methanosaeta) were mainly in a free state and that CO2-reducing methanogens (i.e., Methanolinea and Methanobacterium) mainly adhered to the MPMs. The above synergistic metabolism led to efficient methanogenesis, which indicates that the MPMs optimised the spatial ecological niche of methanogenic consortia. These findings provide an important reference for the development of magnetic porous materials promoting AD.


Assuntos
Metano , Esgotos , Esgotos/química , Anaerobiose , Microesferas , Porosidade , Metano/metabolismo , Fenômenos Magnéticos
15.
ISME J ; 18(1)2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470309

RESUMO

Methanotrophic bacteria mitigate emissions of the potent greenhouse gas methane (CH4) from a variety of anthropogenic and natural sources, including freshwater lakes, which are large sources of CH4 on a global scale. Despite a dependence on dioxygen (O2) for CH4 oxidation, abundant populations of putatively aerobic methanotrophs have been detected within microoxic and anoxic waters and sediments of lakes. Experimental work has demonstrated active aerobic methanotrophs under those conditions, but how they are able to persist and oxidize CH4 under O2 deficiency remains enigmatic. In this review, we discuss possible mechanisms that underpin the persistence and activity of aerobic methanotrophs under O2-limiting conditions in freshwater habitats, particularly lakes, summarize experimental evidence for microbial oxidation of CH4 by aerobic bacteria under low or no O2, and suggest future research directions to further explore the ecology and metabolism of aerobic methanotrophs in O2-limiting environments.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Oxigênio , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Lagos/microbiologia , Oxirredução , Bactérias/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 924: 171626, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471590

RESUMO

Las Tablas de Daimiel National Park (TDNP, Iberian Peninsula) is a semi-arid wetland of international significance for waterfowl and serves as a migratory route for various bird species. However, TDNP presents strong anthropization and fluctuating water levels, making it a highly fragile ecosystem. Water physico-chemical parameters and microbial diversity of the three domains (Bacteria-Archaea- Eukarya) were analysed in Zone A and Zone B of the wetland (a total of eight stations) during spring and summer, aiming to determine how seasonal changes influence the water quality, trophic status and ultimately, the microbial community composition. Additionally, Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) was used to determine the trophic status instead of transparency using Secchi disk, setting the threshold to 20-40 µmol/sm2 for benthic vegetation growth. In spring, both zones of the wetland were considered eutrophic, and physico-chemical parameters as well as microbial diversity were similar to other wetlands, with most abundant bacteria affiliated to Actinobacteriota, Cyanobacteria, Bacteroidota, Gammaproteobacteria and Verrumicrobiota. Methane-related taxa like Methanosarcinales and photosynthetic Chlorophyta were respectively the most representative archaeal and eukaryotic groups. In summer, phytoplankton bloom led by an unclassified Cyanobacteria and mainly alga Hydrodictyon was observed in Zone A, resulting in an increase of turbidity, pH, phosphorus, nitrogen, chlorophyll-a and phycocyanin indicating the change to hypertrophic state. Microbial community composition was geographical and seasonal shaped within the wetland as response to changes in trophic status. Archaeal diversity decreases and methane-related species increase due to sediment disturbance driven by fish activity, wind, and substantial water depth reduction. Zone B in summer suffers less seasonal changes, maintaining the eutrophic state and still detecting macrophyte growth in some stations. This study provides a new understanding of the interdomain microbial adaptation following the ecological evolution of the wetland, which is crucial to knowing these systems that are ecological niches with high environmental value.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias , Microbiota , Animais , Áreas Alagadas , Espanha , Parques Recreativos , Cianobactérias/metabolismo , Archaea , Metano/metabolismo
17.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299268, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427676

RESUMO

Reducing enteric methane (one greenhouse gas) emissions from beef cattle not only can be beneficial in reducing global warming, but also improve efficiency of nutrient utilization in the production system. However, direct measurement of enteric methane emissions on individual cattle is difficult and expensive. The objective of this study was to detect plasma metabolites that are associated with enteric methane emissions in beef cattle. Average enteric methane emissions (CH4) per day (AVG_DAILYCH4) for each individual cattle were measured using the GreenFeed emission monitoring (GEM) unit system, and beef cattle with divergent AVG_DAILYCH4 from Angus (n = 10 for the low CH4 group and 9 for the high CH4 group), Charolais (n = 10 for low and 10 for = high), and Kinsella Composite (n = 10 for low and 10 for high) populations were used for plasma metabolite quantification and metabolite-CH4 association analyses. Blood samples of these cattle were collected near the end of the GEM system tests and a high performance four-channel chemical isotope labeling (CIL) liquid chromatography (LC) mass spectrometer (MS) method was applied to identify and quantify concentrations of metabolites. The four-channel CIL LC-MS method detected 4235 metabolites, of which 1105 were found to be significantly associated with AVG_DAILYCH4 by a t-test, while 1305 were significantly associated with AVG_DAILYCH4 by a regression analysis at p<0.05. Both the results of the t-test and regression analysis revealed that metabolites that were associated with enteric methane emissions in beef cattle were largely breed-specific whereas 4.29% to 6.39% CH4 associated metabolites were common across the three breed populations and 11.07% to 19.08% were common between two breed populations. Pathway analyses of the CH4 associated metabolites identified top enriched molecular processes for each breed population, including arginine and proline metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, butanoate metabolism, and glutathione metabolism for Angus; beta-alanine metabolism, pyruvate metabolism, glycolysis / gluconeogenesis, and citrate cycle (TCA cycle) for Charolais; phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, phenylalanine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, and arginine and proline metabolism for Kinsella Composite. The detected CH4 associated metabolites and enriched molecular processes will help understand biological mechanisms of enteric methane emissions in beef cattle. The detected CH4 associated plasma metabolites will also provide valuable resources to further characterize the metabolites and verify their utility as biomarkers for selection of cattle with reduced methane emissions.


Assuntos
Dieta , Metano , Bovinos , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Metano/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , 60705 , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Arginina , Fenilalanina , Prolina , Ração Animal/análise
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6064, 2024 03 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480864

RESUMO

Rumen microbes are crucial in the anaerobic fermentation of plant polysaccharides to produce volatile fatty acids. However, limited information exists about the specific microbial species and strains in the rumen that affect carcass traits, and it is unclear whether there is a relationship between rumen metabolic functions and these traits. This study investigated the relationship between the rumen microbiome and carcass traits in beef cattle using 16S rRNA amplicon and shotgun sequencing. Metagenomic sequencing was used to compare the rumen microbiome between high-carcass weight (HW) and low-carcass weight (LW) cattle, and high-marbling (HM) and low-marbling (LM) cattle. Prokaryotic communities in the rumen of HW vs. LW and HM vs. LM were separated using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. Notably, shotgun metagenomic sequencing revealed that HW cattle had more methane-producing bacteria and ciliate protozoa, suggesting higher methane emissions. Additionally, variations were observed in the abundances of certain glycoside hydrolases and polysaccharide lyases involved in the ruminal degradation of plant polysaccharides between HW and LW. From our metagenome dataset, 807 non-redundant metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) of medium to high quality were obtained. Among these, 309 and 113 MAGs were associated with carcass weight and marbling, respectively.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rúmen , Bovinos , Animais , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Rúmen/microbiologia , Microbiota/genética , Fermentação , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Dieta/veterinária , Ração Animal
19.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 56(2): 97, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453787

RESUMO

Phytonutrients (PTN) namely saponins (SP) and condensed tannins (CT) have been demonstrated to assess the effect of rumen fermentation and methane mitigation. Phytonutrient pellet containing mangosteen, rambutan, and banana flower (MARABAC) and lemongrass including PTN, hence these plant-phytonutrients supplementation could be an alternative plant with a positive effect on rumen fermentation. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of supplementation of MARABAC and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) powder on in vitro fermentation modulation and the ability to mitigate methane production. The treatments were arranged according to a 3 × 3 Factorial arrangement in a completely randomized design. The two experimental factors consisted of MARABAC pellet levels (0%, 1%, and 2% of the total substrate) and lemongrass supplementation levels (0%, 1%, and 2% of the total substrate). The results of this study revealed that supplementation with MARABAC pellet and lemongrass powder significantly improved gas production kinetics (P < 0.01) and rumen fermentation end-products especially the propionate production (P < 0.01). While rumen methane production was subsequently reduced by both factors. Additionally, the in vitro dry matter degradability (IVDMD) and organic matter degradability (IVOMD) were greatly improved (P < 0.05) by the respective treatments. MARABAC pellet and lemongrass powder combination showed effective methane mitigation by enhancing rumen fermentation end-products especially the propionate concentration and both the IVDMD and IVOMD, while mitigated methane production. The combined level of both sources at 2% MARABAC pellet and 2% lemongrass powder of total substrates offered the best results. Therefore, MARABAC pellet and lemongrass powder supplementation could be used as an alternative source of phytonutrient in dietary ruminant.


Assuntos
Cymbopogon , Suplementos Nutricionais , Animais , Fermentação , Técnicas In Vitro/veterinária , Metano/metabolismo , Nutrientes , Compostos Fitoquímicos/metabolismo , Pós/metabolismo , Propionatos/metabolismo , Rúmen/metabolismo
20.
ISME J ; 18(1)2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452205

RESUMO

Over the past decade, environmental metagenomics and polymerase chain reaction-based marker gene surveys have revealed that several lineages beyond just a few well-established groups within the Euryarchaeota superphylum harbor the genetic potential for methanogenesis. One of these groups are the Archaeoglobi, a class of thermophilic Euryarchaeota that have long been considered to live non-methanogenic lifestyles. Here, we enriched Candidatus Methanoglobus hypatiae, a methanogen affiliated with the family Archaeoglobaceae, from a hot spring in Yellowstone National Park. The enrichment is sediment-free, grows at 64-70°C and a pH of 7.8, and produces methane from mono-, di-, and tri-methylamine. Ca. M. hypatiae is represented by a 1.62 Mb metagenome-assembled genome with an estimated completeness of 100% and accounts for up to 67% of cells in the culture according to fluorescence in situ hybridization. Via genome-resolved metatranscriptomics and stable isotope tracing, we demonstrate that Ca. M. hypatiae expresses methylotrophic methanogenesis and energy-conserving pathways for reducing monomethylamine to methane. The detection of Archaeoglobi populations related to Ca. M. hypatiae in 36 geochemically diverse geothermal sites within Yellowstone National Park, as revealed through the examination of previously published gene amplicon datasets, implies a previously underestimated contribution to anaerobic carbon cycling in extreme ecosystems.


Assuntos
Euryarchaeota , Fontes Termais , Euryarchaeota/genética , Ecossistema , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Metano/metabolismo , Filogenia
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