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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198485

RESUMO

Brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) constitute the structural and functional basis for the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and play essential roles in bacterial meningitis. Although the BBB integrity regulation has been under extensive investigation, there is little knowledge regarding the roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in this event. The present study aimed to investigate the roles of one potential lncRNA, lncRSPH9-4, in meningitic E. coli infection of BMECs. LncRSPH9-4 was cytoplasm located and significantly up-regulated in meningitic E. coli-infected hBMECs. Electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) measurement and Western blot assay demonstrated lncRSPH9-4 overexpression in hBMECs mediated the BBB integrity disruption. By RNA-sequencing analysis, 639 mRNAs and 299 miRNAs were significantly differentiated in response to lncRSPH9-4 overexpression. We further found lncRSPH9-4 regulated the permeability in hBMECs by competitively sponging miR-17-5p, thereby increasing MMP3 expression, which targeted the intercellular tight junctions. Here we reported the infection-induced lncRSPH9-4 aggravated disruption of the tight junctions in hBMECs, probably through the miR-17-5p/MMP3 axis. This finding provides new insights into the function of lncRNAs in BBB integrity during meningitic E. coli infection and provides the novel nucleic acid targets for future treatment of bacterial meningitis.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Barreira Hematoencefálica/patologia , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Meningites Bacterianas/genética , Meningites Bacterianas/microbiologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/microbiologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Microvasos/patologia , Modelos Biológicos , Permeabilidade , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(28): 8038-8049, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236846

RESUMO

Appropriately increasing intramuscular fat content can help improve meat quality, so it is necessary to explore the internal molecular mechanism of preadipocyte differentiation. The role of heme oxygenase 1 (HO1) in cell oxidative stress, energy metabolism, cell proliferation, and differentiation has gradually been revealed. Here, we used 3'RACE to identify the full-length 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of HO1 and found that a very short 3'UTR variant was produced by alternative polyadenylation (APA). HO1 with a long 3'UTR variant was identified as a direct target of miR155-5P and miR377-3P. Our experimental results verified the inhibitory effect of HO1 on preadipocyte differentiation. In addition, our research confirms that by escaping microRNA inhibitory effects, the HO1 3'UTR short variant produced by APA has a higher level of expression. Thus, the HO1 3'UTR short variant has a stronger inhibitory effect on the preadipocyte differentiation than the HO1 3'UTR long variants in 3T3-L1.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Poliadenilação , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Células 3T3-L1 , Adipogenia/genética , Animais , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
3.
Science ; 373(6551)2021 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244384

RESUMO

Children with Down syndrome have a 150-fold increased risk of developing myeloid leukemia, but the mechanism of predisposition is unclear. Because Down syndrome leukemogenesis initiates during fetal development, we characterized the cellular and developmental context of preleukemic initiation and leukemic progression using gene editing in human disomic and trisomic fetal hematopoietic cells and xenotransplantation. GATA binding protein 1 (GATA1) mutations caused transient preleukemia when introduced into trisomy 21 long-term hematopoietic stem cells, where a subset of chromosome 21 microRNAs affected predisposition to preleukemia. By contrast, progression to leukemia was independent of trisomy 21 and originated in various stem and progenitor cells through additional mutations in cohesin genes. CD117+/KIT proto-oncogene (KIT) cells mediated the propagation of preleukemia and leukemia, and KIT inhibition targeted preleukemic stem cells.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Síndrome de Down/genética , Fator de Transcrição GATA1/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/fisiologia , Leucemia Mieloide/genética , Pré-Leucemia/genética , Animais , Antígenos CD34/análise , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem da Célula , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Síndrome de Down/complicações , Feminino , Fator de Transcrição GATA1/metabolismo , Hematopoese , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide/patologia , Fígado/embriologia , Masculino , Megacariócitos/fisiologia , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Mutação , Pré-Leucemia/metabolismo , Pré-Leucemia/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/análise , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/antagonistas & inibidores
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200161

RESUMO

miRNA(miR)-124 is an important regulator of neurogenesis, but its upregulation in SOD1G93A motor neurons (mSOD1 MNs) was shown to associate with neurodegeneration and microglia activation. We used pre-miR-124 in wild-type (WT) MNs and anti-miR-124 in mSOD1 MNs to characterize the miR-124 pathological role. miR-124 overexpression in WT MNs produced a miRNA profile like that of mSOD1 MNs (high miR-125b; low miR-146a and miR-21), and similarly led to early apoptosis. Alterations in mSOD1 MNs were abrogated with anti-miR-124 and changes in their miRNAs mostly recapitulated by their secretome. Normalization of miR-124 levels in mSOD1 MNs prevented the dysregulation of neurite network, mitochondria dynamics, axonal transport, and synaptic signaling. Same alterations were observed in WT MNs after pre-miR-124 transfection. Secretome from mSOD1 MNs triggered spinal microglia activation, which was unno-ticed with that from anti-miR-124-modulated cells. Secretome from such modulated MNs, when added to SC organotypic cultures from mSOD1 mice in the early symptomatic stage, also coun-teracted the pathology associated to GFAP decrease, PSD-95 and CX3CL1-CX3CR1 signaling im-pairment, neuro-immune homeostatic imbalance, and enhanced miR-124 expression levels. Data suggest that miR-124 is implicated in MN degeneration and paracrine-mediated pathogenicity. We propose miR-124 as a new therapeutic target and a promising ALS biomarker in patient sub-populations.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neurônios Motores/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase-1/fisiologia , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , MicroRNAs/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Neurônios Motores/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
5.
Clin Interv Aging ; 16: 1357-1366, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34290498

RESUMO

Background: Studies have found the pivotal role of miRNAs in the progression of postmenopausal osteoporosis (OP). However, the function of miRNAs in OP is unclear. This study aimed to explore the biological functions of microRNA-151a-3p in OP. Methods: RT-qPCR was employed to assess the expression of microRNA-151a-3p in serum isolated from OP patients and healthy controls. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was used to measure the bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine. The expression levels of c-Fos, NFATc1, and TRAP were tested by Western blot. Ovariectomized (OVX) rats were treated with antago microRNA-151a-3p or antago NC, and then serum and lumbar vertebrae were collected for ELISA and bone histomorphology analysis. Results: The expression of microRNA-151a-3p in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis was significantly up-regulated, and microRNA-151a-3p level was negatively correlated with BMD. During osteoclastogenesis, microRNA-151a-3p level was obviously increased. Overexpression of microRNA-151a-3p promoted the differentiation of RANKL-induced THP-1 and RAW264.7 cells into osteoclasts, whereas silencing of microRNA-151a-3p resulted in the opposite results. Silencing of microRNA-151a-3p in OVX rats altered osteoclastogenesis-related factors and raised BMD. Conclusion: MicroRNA-151a-3p could partly regulate osteoporosis by promoting osteoclast differentiation, and miRNA-151a-3p could be a potential therapeutic target for postmenopausal osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/terapia , Ratos
6.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210046

RESUMO

Nutrition plays an important role in overall human health. Although there is no direct evidence supporting the direct involvement of nutrition in curing disease, for some diseases, good nutrition contributes to disease prevention and our overall well-being, including energy level, optimum internal function, and strength of the immune system. Lately, other major, but more silent players are reported to participate in the body's response to ingested nutrients, as they are involved in different physiological and pathological processes. Furthermore, the genetic profile of an individual is highly critical in regulating these processes and their interactions. In particular, miR-155, a non-coding microRNA, is reported to be highly correlated with such nutritional processes. In fact, miR-155 is involved in the orchestration of various biological processes such as cellular signaling, immune regulation, metabolism, nutritional responses, inflammation, and carcinogenesis. Thus, this review aims to highlight those critical aspects of the influence of dietary components on gene expression, primarily on miR-155 and its role in modulating cancer-associated processes.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição/genética , Estado Nutricional/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética
7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4316, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262050

RESUMO

Molecular single cell analyses provide insights into physiological and pathological processes. Here, in a stepwise approach, we first evaluate 19 protocols for single cell small RNA sequencing on MCF7 cells spiked with 1 pg of 1,006 miRNAs. Second, we analyze MCF7 single cell equivalents of the eight best protocols. Third, we sequence single cells from eight different cell lines and 67 circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from seven SCLC patients. Altogether, we analyze 244 different samples. We observe high reproducibility within protocols and reads covered a broad spectrum of RNAs. For the 67 CTCs, we detect a median of 68 miRNAs, with 10 miRNAs being expressed in 90% of tested cells. Enrichment analysis suggested the lung as the most likely organ of origin and enrichment of cancer-related categories. Even the identification of non-annotated candidate miRNAs was feasible, underlining the potential of single cell small RNA sequencing.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281252

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases have attracted our full attention not only because they are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in many countries but also because the therapy for and cure of these maladies are among the major challenges of the medicine in the 21st century [...].


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Animais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Complemento C3/genética , Complemento C3/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Cadeias Leves de Miosina/genética , Cadeias Leves de Miosina/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4148, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230481

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common aging-related joint disease, is caused by an imbalance between extracellular matrix synthesis and degradation. Here, we discover that both strands of microRNA-455 (miR-455), -5p and -3p, are up-regulated by Sox9, an essential transcription factor for cartilage differentiation and function. Both miR-455-5p and -3p are highly expressed in human chondrocytes from normal articular cartilage and in mouse primary chondrocytes. We generate miR-455 knockout mice, and find that cartilage degeneration mimicking OA and elevated expression of cartilage degeneration-related genes are observed at 6-months-old. Using a cell-based miRNA target screening system, we identify hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α), a catabolic factor for cartilage homeostasis, as a direct target of both miR-455-5p and -3p. In addition, overexpression of both miR-455-5p and -3p protect cartilage degeneration in a mouse OA model, demonstrating their potential therapeutic value. Furthermore, knockdown of HIF-2α in 6-month-old miR-455 knockout cartilage rescues the elevated expression of cartilage degeneration-related genes. These data demonstrate that both strands of a miRNA target the same gene to regulate articular cartilage homeostasis.


Assuntos
Cartilagem/metabolismo , Homeostase , Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Osteoartrite/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOX9
10.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4262, 2021 07 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253738

RESUMO

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been implicated in conferring stem cell properties and therapeutic resistance to cancer cells. Therefore, identification of drugs that can reprogram EMT may provide new therapeutic strategies. Here, we report that cells derived from claudin-low mammary tumors, a mesenchymal subtype of triple-negative breast cancer, exhibit a distinctive organoid structure with extended "spikes" in 3D matrices. Upon a miR-200 induced mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET), the organoids switch to a smoother round morphology. Based on these observations, we developed a morphological screening method with accompanying analytical pipelines that leverage deep neural networks and nearest neighborhood classification to screen for EMT-reversing drugs. Through screening of a targeted epigenetic drug library, we identified multiple class I HDAC inhibitors and Bromodomain inhibitors that reverse EMT. These data support the use of morphological screening of mesenchymal mammary tumor organoids as a platform to identify drugs that reverse EMT.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/patologia , Mesoderma/patologia , Organoides/patologia , Animais , Azacitidina/farmacologia , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias Mamárias Animais/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Organoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(12)2021 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199293

RESUMO

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a cluster of disorders that increase the risk of a plethora of conditions, in particular type two diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of cancers. MetS is a complex entity characterized by a chronic inflammatory state that implies dysregulations of adipokins and proinflammatory cytokins together with hormonal and growth factors imbalances. Of great interest is the implication of microRNA (miRNA, miR), non-coding RNA, in cancer genesis, progression, and metastasis. The adipose tissue serves as an important source of miRs, which represent a novel class of adipokines, that play a crucial role in carcinogenesis. Altered miRs secretion in the adipose tissue, in the context of MetS, might explain their implication in the oncogenesis. The interplay between miRs expressed in adipose tissue, their dysregulation and cancer pathogenesis are still intriguing, taking into consideration the fact that miRNAs show both carcinogenic and tumor suppressor effects. The aim of our review was to discuss the latest publications concerning the implication of miRs dysregulation in MetS and their significance in tumoral signaling pathways. Furthermore, we emphasized the role of miRNAs as potential target therapies and their implication in cancer progression and metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
12.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 358, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing proportion of research has proved that microRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate the function of target genes and have close relations with various diseases. Developing computational methods to exploit more potential miRNA-disease associations can provide clues for further functional research. RESULTS: Inspired by the work of predecessors, we discover that the noise hiding in the data can affect the prediction performance and then propose an anti-noise algorithm (ANMDA) to predict potential miRNA-disease associations. Firstly, we calculate the similarity in miRNAs and diseases to construct features and obtain positive samples according to the Human MicroRNA Disease Database version 2.0 (HMDD v2.0). Then, we apply k-means on the undetected miRNA-disease associations and sample the negative examples equally from the k-cluster. Further, we construct several data subsets through sampling with replacement to feed on the light gradient boosting machine (LightGBM) method. Finally, the voting method is applied to predict potential miRNA-disease relationships. As a result, ANMDA can achieve an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.9373 ± 0.0005 in five-fold cross-validation, which is superior to several published methods. In addition, we analyze the predicted miRNA-disease associations with high probability and compare them with the data in HMDD v3.0 in the case study. The results show ANMDA is a novel and practical algorithm that can be used to infer potential miRNA-disease associations. CONCLUSION: The results indicate the noise hiding in the data has an obvious impact on predicting potential miRNA-disease associations. We believe ANMDA can achieve better results from this task with more methods used in dealing with the data noise.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Algoritmos , Área Sob a Curva , Biologia Computacional , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Curva ROC
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198800

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic is caused by betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2. The genome of this virus is composed of a single strand of RNA with 5' and 3'-UTR flanking a region of protein-coding ORFs closely resembling cells' mRNAs. MicroRNAs are endogenous post-transcriptional regulators that target mRNA to modulate protein expression and mediate cellular functions, including antiviral defense. In the present study, we carried out a bioinformatics screening to search for endogenous human microRNAs targeting the 3'-UTR of SARS-CoV-2. Results from the computational techniques allowed us to identify 10 potential candidates. The capacity of 3 of them, together with hsa-miR-138-5p, to target the SARS-CoV-2 3'-UTR was validated in vitro by gene reporter assays. Available information indicates that two of these microRNAs, namely, hsa-miR-3941 and hsa-miR-138-5p, combine effective targeting of SARS-CoV-2 genome with complementary antiviral or protective effects in the host cells that make them potential candidates for therapeutic treatment of most, if not all, COVID-19 variants known to date. All information obtained while conducting the present analysis is available at Open Science Framework repository.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Sequência de Bases , Sítios de Ligação , COVID-19/genética , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Genes Reporter , Genoma Viral , Humanos , MicroRNAs/química , Fases de Leitura Aberta , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Alinhamento de Sequência
14.
Cells ; 10(6)2021 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204705

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a global pandemic, is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the receptor for SARS-CoV-2 and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2) facilitates ACE2-mediated virus entry. Moreover, the expression of ACE2 in the testes of infertile men is higher than normal, which indicates that infertile men may be susceptible to be infected and SARS-CoV-2 may cause reproductive disorder through the pathway induced by ACE2 and TMPRSS2. Little is known about the pathway regulation of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 expression in male reproductive disorder. Since the regulation of gene expression is mediated by microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) at the post-transcriptional level, the aim of this study was to analyze the dysregulated miRNA-lncRNA interactions of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 in male reproductive disorder. Using bioinformatics analysis, we speculate that the predicted miRNAs including miR-125a-5p, miR-125b-5p, miR-574-5p, and miR-936 as regulators of ACE2 and miR-204-5p as a modulator of TMPRSS2 are associated with male infertility. The lncRNAs with a tissue-specific expression for testis including GRM7-AS3, ARHGAP26-AS1, BSN-AS1, KRBOX1-AS1, CACNA1C-IT3, AC012361.1, FGF14-IT1, AC012494.1, and GS1-24F4.2 were predicted. The identified miRNAs and lncRNAs are proposed as potential biomarkers to study the possible association between COVID-19 and male infertility. This study encourages further studies of miRNA-lncRNA interactions to explain the molecular mechanisms of male infertility in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Infertilidade Masculina/virologia , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/fisiologia , COVID-19/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Serina Endopeptidases/fisiologia , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/patologia , Testículo/virologia , Internalização do Vírus
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201896

RESUMO

miR-29b2 and miR-29c play a suppressive role in breast cancer progression. C1orf132 (also named MIR29B2CHG) is the host gene for generating both microRNAs. However, the region also expresses longer transcripts with unknown functions. We employed bioinformatics and experimental approaches to decipher C1orf132 expression and function in breast cancer tissues. We also used the CRISPR/Cas9 technique to excise a predicted C1orf132 distal promoter and followed the behavior of the edited cells by real-time PCR, flow cytometry, migration assay, and RNA-seq techniques. We observed that C1orf132 long transcript is significantly downregulated in triple-negative breast cancer. We also identified a promoter for the longer transcripts of C1orf132 whose functionality was demonstrated by transfecting MCF7 cells with a C1orf132 promoter-GFP construct. Knocking-out the promoter by means of CRISPR/Cas9 revealed no alterations in the expression of the neighboring genes CD46 and CD34, while the expression of miR-29c was reduced by half. Furthermore, the promoter knockout elevated the migration ability of the edited cells. RNA sequencing revealed many up- and downregulated genes involved in various cellular pathways, including epithelial to mesenchymal transition and mammary gland development pathways. Altogether, we are reporting here the existence of an additional/distal promoter with an enhancer effect on miR-29 generation and an inhibitory effect on cell migration.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201781

RESUMO

We recently reported an unexpected role of osteoblast-derived matrix vesicles in the delivery of microRNAs to bone matrix. Of such microRNAs, we found that miR-125b inhibited osteoclast formation by targeting Prdm1 encoding a transcriptional repressor of anti-osteoclastogenesis factors. Transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing miR-125b in osteoblasts by using human osteocalcin promoter grow normally but exhibit high trabecular bone mass. We have now further investigated the effects of osteoblast-mediated miR-125b overexpression on skeletal morphogenesis and remodeling during development, aging and in a situation of skeletal repair, i.e., fracture healing. There were no significant differences in the growth plate, primary spongiosa or lateral (periosteal) bone formation and mineral apposition rate between Tg and wild-type (WT) mice during early bone development. However, osteoclast number and medial (endosteal) bone resorption were less in Tg compared to WT mice, concomitant with increased trabecular bone mass. Tg mice were less susceptible to age-dependent changes in bone mass, phosphate/amide I ratio and mechanical strength. In a femoral fracture model, callus formation progressed similarly in Tg and WT mice, but callus resorption was delayed, reflecting the decreased osteoclast numbers associated with the Tg callus. These results indicate that the decreased osteoclastogenesis mediated by miR-125b overexpression in osteoblasts leads to increased bone mass and strength, while preserving bone formation and quality. They also suggest that, in spite of the fact that single miRNAs may target multiple genes, the miR-125b axis may be an attractive therapeutic target for bone loss in various age groups.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Reabsorção Óssea/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteoblastos/patologia , Osteoclastos/patologia , Osteogênese , Fatores Etários , Animais , Reabsorção Óssea/genética , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281263

RESUMO

Cholesterol is a foundational molecule of biology. There is a long-standing interest in understanding how cholesterol metabolism is intertwined with cancer biology. In this review, we focus on the known connections between lung cancer and molecules mediating cholesterol efflux. A major take-home lesson is that the roles of many cholesterol efflux factors remain underexplored. It is our hope that this article would motivate others to investigate how cholesterol efflux factors contribute to lung cancer biology.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Animais , Apolipoproteína A-I/genética , Apolipoproteína A-I/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico Ativo , Humanos , Proteínas Relacionadas a Receptor de LDL/genética , Proteínas Relacionadas a Receptor de LDL/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281266

RESUMO

Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are multipotent cells which can differentiate into chondrocytes, osteoblasts, and fat cells. Under pathological stress, reduced bone formation in favour of fat formation in the bone marrow has been observed through a switch in the differentiation of BMSCs. The bone/fat switch causes bone growth defects and disordered bone metabolism in bone marrow, for which the mechanisms remain unclear, and treatments are lacking. Studies suggest that small non-coding RNAs (microRNAs) could participate in regulating BMSC differentiation by disrupting the post-transcription of target genes, leading to bone/fat formation changes. This review presents an emerging concept of microRNA regulation in the bone/fat formation switch in bone marrow, the evidence for which is assembled mainly from in vivo and in vitro human or animal models. Characterization of changes to microRNAs reveals novel networks that mediate signalling and factors in regulating bone/fat switch and homeostasis. Recent advances in our understanding of microRNAs in their control in BMSC differentiation have provided valuable insights into underlying mechanisms and may have significant potential in development of new therapeutics.


Assuntos
Adipogenia/genética , Adipogenia/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Animais , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/genética , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/metabolismo , Sinalização do Cálcio/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Proteínas Smad/genética , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
19.
DNA Cell Biol ; 40(7): 979-987, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227845

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNA X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) has been identified as a crucial regulator in neurodegenerative disorders. However, the role and mechanism of XIST in ischemic stroke remain elusive. In our study, we found that XIST expression was upregulated in both mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion and oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-treated neurons. Functional assays disclosed that the interference of XIST accelerated viability, and suppressed apoptosis and caspase-3 activity in OGD-treated neurons. Moreover, XIST interacted with miR-98, and miR-98 targeted BTB-to-CNC homology 1 (BACH1). miR-98 silencing or BACH1 overexpression counteracted XIST knockdown-mediated effects on cell viability and apoptosis in OGD-treated neurons. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that XIST facilitated the progression of ischemic stroke through regulating the miR-98/BACH1 axis. These findings might provide a novel therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke treatment.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética , AVC Isquêmico/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , China , Glucose/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/genética , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética
20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(12): 16471-16484, 2021 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing reports have revealed that dysregulated expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is involved in pancreatic carcinoma progression. This study intends to explore the function and molecular mechanism of lncRNA HLA complex group 11 (HCG11) in pancreatic carcinoma. METHODS: The expression profiles of HCG11 in pancreatic carcinoma samples were detected by qPCR. Bioinformatics analysis was applied to detect the associations among HCG11/miR-579-3p/MDM2. The malignant properties of pancreatic carcinoma cells were measured by numerous biological assays. Xenograft model was exploited to detect the effect of HCG11 on tumor growth. RESULTS: A significant increase of HCG11 was occurred in pancreatic carcinoma samples. Knockdown of HCG11 suppressed the progression of pancreatic carcinoma cells. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that HCG11 upregulated MDM2 expression by competitively targeting miR-579-3p. The rescue assays showed that miR-579-3p reversed cell behaviors caused by HCG11, and MDM2 reversed cell properties induced by miR-579-3p. The Notch1 intracellular domain (NICD) and Hes1 protein levels were increased by overexpression of HCG11/MDM2. The tumor growth was suppressed after depletion of HCG11, followed by suppressing Ki67, PCNA and Vimentin expression, increasing TUNEL-positive cells and E-cadherin expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our observations highlighted that HCG11 contributed to the progression of pancreatic carcinoma by promoting growth and aggressiveness, and inhibiting apoptosis via miR-579-3p/MDM2/Notch/Hes1 axis.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição HES-1/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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