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1.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 28: 125-133, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940617

RESUMO

Due to the increasing focus on host inflammatory processes with regard to the aetiology of periodontal disease, diet has become an important factor in host modulation. Recent investigations showed that the industrialized western diet, which is characterized by highly processed foods (processed carbohydrates like sugar, white flour, and processed fatty acids like trans fats) and a low micronutrient density, promotes gingival and periodontal inflammation. On the other hand, a plant-based diet rich in low-glycaemic, complex carbohydrates (like in fruits, vegetables, legumes), Omega-3 fatty acids, micronutrients (like vitamins, minerals), phytochemicals, plant nitrates, and fibres seems to bring benefits as well for periodontal inflammation as for caries, and general health. This chapter aims to present the underlying studies and possible mechanisms.


Assuntos
Dieta , Doenças Periodontais , Humanos , Micronutrientes , Verduras , Vitaminas
2.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(679): 226-227, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995317
3.
Food Chem ; 302: 125342, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416002

RESUMO

Cereal crops are the rich source of nutritional components that play an important role in micronutrient malnutrition. Biofortification is one of the most successful approaches to enhance the level of micronutrients, mainly targeted in bread wheat. Bread wheat is one of main sources of calories and proteins in the developing countries. In the present study, 50 bread wheat genotypes characterized for the zinc and iron content, the most important micronutrients. On the basis of the results, the nineteen genotypes were selected and evaluated for biochemical as well as quality parameters. The protein content, gluten quantity and quality found to be reduced in high zinc containing genotypes, whereas the total soluble sugars, total carotenoids, proline and grain hardness found to be in positive relation with high micronutrient content. These results could be useful to generate bread wheat varieties rich in micronutrients as well as better nutritional and quality traits.


Assuntos
Biofortificação , Pão , Micronutrientes/metabolismo , Triticum/química , Triticum/genética , Carotenoides/análise , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Genótipo , Ferro/análise , Ferro/metabolismo , Micronutrientes/genética , Prolina/análise , Prolina/metabolismo , Sementes/química , Açúcares/análise , Zinco/análise , Zinco/metabolismo
4.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 60(2): 257-275, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580552

RESUMO

Interactions between drugs and micronutrients have received only little or no attention in the medical and pharmaceutical world in the past. Since more and more pharmaceutics are used for the treatment of patients, this topic is increasingly relevant. As such interactions - depending on the duration of treatment and the status of micronutrients - impact the health of the patient and the action of the drugs, physicians and pharmacists should pay more attention to such interactions in the future. This review aims to sensitize physicians and pharmacists on drug micronutrient interactions with selected examples of widely pescribed drugs that can precipitate micronutrient deficiencies. In this context, the pharmacist, as a drug expert, assumes a particular role. Like no other professional in the health care sector, he is particularly predestined and called up to respond to this task. The following article intends to point out the relevance of mutual interactions between micronutrients and various examples of widely used drugs, without claiming to be exhaustive.


Assuntos
Interações de Medicamentos , Micronutrientes , Oligoelementos , Humanos
5.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ; 16(1): 59, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: British Army Phase One training exposes men and women to challenging distances of 13.5 km·d- 1 vs. 11.8 km·d- 1 and energy expenditures of ~ 4000 kcal·d- 1 and ~ 3000 kcal·d- 1, respectively. As such, it is essential that adequate nutrition is provided to support training demands. However, to date, there is a paucity of data on habitual dietary intake of British Army recruits. The aims of this study were to: (i) compare habitual dietary intake in British Army recruits undergoing Phase One training to Military Dietary Reference Values (MDRVs), and (ii) establish if there was a relative sex difference in dietary intake between men and women. METHOD: Researcher led weighed food records and food diaries were used to assess dietary intake in twenty-eight women (age 21.4 ± 3.0 yrs., height: 163.7 ± 5.0 cm, body mass 65.0 ± 6.7 kg), and seventeen men (age 20.4 ± 2.3 yrs., height: 178.0 ± 7.9 cm, body mass 74.6 ± 8.1 kg) at the Army Training Centre, Pirbright for 8-days in week ten of training. Macro and micronutrient content were estimated using dietary analysis software (Nutritics, Dublin) and assessed via an independent sample t-test to establish if there was a sex difference in daily energy, macro or micronutrient intakes. RESULTS: Estimated daily energy intake was less than the MDRV for both men and women, with men consuming a greater amount of energy compared with women (2846 ± 573 vs. 2207 ± 585 kcal·day- 1, p < 0.001). Both sexes under consumed carbohydrate (CHO) when data was expressed relative to body mass with men consuming a greater amount than women (4.8 ± 1.3 vs. 3.8 ± 1.4 g·kg- 1·day- 1, p = 0.025, ES = 0.74). Both sexes also failed to meet MDRVs for protein intake with men consuming more than women (1.5 ± 0.3 vs. 1.3 ± 0.3 g·kg- 1·day- 1, p > 0.030, ES = 0.67). There were no differences in dietary fat intake between men and women (1.5 ± 0.2 vs. 1.5 ± 0.5 g·kg- 1·day- 1, p = 0.483, ES = 0.00). CONCLUSIONS: Daily EI in men and women in Phase One training does not meet MDRVs. Interventions to increase macronutrient intakes should be considered along with research investigating the potential benefits for increasing different macronutrient intakes on training adaptations.


Assuntos
Dieta , Militares , Condicionamento Físico Humano/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Registros de Dieta , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Metabolismo Energético , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem , Recomendações Nutricionais , Adulto Jovem
6.
Orv Hetil ; 160(50): 1990-1998, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814423

RESUMO

Introduction: Recent research findings support the assumption that the development of chronic diseases in adults is greatly influenced by the supply of nutrients in the uterus and the nutrition, nourishment of the early, toddler ages. Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the nutritional habits of infants and toddlers aged 0-3 in Hungary, and to identify the most typical problems of their nutrition, to get to know and provide the necessary data for the modification and modernization of feeding/nutrition recommendations for infants and young children in Hungary. Method: The study was carried out with the professional coordination of the Hungarian Dietetic Association (MDOSZ) in the framework of industry research between June and August 2015, in the 0-3-year-old population, in the cities Budapest, Debrecen, Gyor, Szeged and Pécs. The survey was conducted with anthropometric measurements and validated by three-day dietary log templates. Results: 18.6% of infants aged 4 to 12 months (n = 220) had values below 10th percentile, 10% were between 85-97th percentiles and 3% were above 97th percentile. 15% of children aged 12-24 months (n = 227) had a body mass index (BMI) below 10th percentile (underweight), 14% were between 85-97th percentile (overweight) and 2.6% had BMI over the 97th percentile (obese). 70% of 25-36-month-old children (n = 184) had normal BMI, 4% were overweight, 2% obese, 24% underweight. Based on the Hungarian reference value, 10.9% of the 4-12-month-old children, 20% of the 1-2-year-olds, 47% of the 2-3-year-olds were in high protein intake group. However, compared to the 2013's reference values of the EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) recommendation, 100% of the children belong to the high protein intake group in all age groups. Conclusion: Although the EFSA recommendation - based on the WHO/FAO/UNU macro- and micronutrient intake values in 2007 - defines the recommended intake quantities, the results in the sample did not support its overall reliability. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(50): 1990-1998.


Assuntos
Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Micronutrientes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Nature ; 576(7787): 499-501, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844268
9.
Swiss Dent J ; 129(11): 929-936, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701730

RESUMO

A balanced and wholesome diet provides the human organism with energy (macronutrients) and all necessary micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, proteinogenic amino acids, omega fatty acids) necessary for the maintenance of all metabolic processes. The necessary quantity and composition especially of energy-supplying macronutrients change with age due to physiological and pathological changes in the body. These age-related changes as well as corresponding recommendations for elderly patients will be summarized in the following article based on the current S3 guidelines of the German Society for Nutritional Medicine on «Clinical Nutrition in Geriatrics¼ as well as further literature and the recommendations of the German Nutrition Society. Nutrition at the terminal stage of life and special nutritional advices for persons suffering from diabetes mellitus are not discussed.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Ingestão de Energia , Micronutrientes , Estado Nutricional , Vitaminas , Idoso , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Minerais
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 296, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692868

RESUMO

Introduction: There is a growing interest on vital roles of micronutrients in the maintenance of good health and enhancement of the immune system for prevention of diseases. Methods: Energy dispersive X-Ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometer was used for qualitative and quantitative analysis of selected micronutrients Zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca) and Potassium (K) in ten African indigenous leafy vegetables (AILVs) (Corchorus olitorius, Cucurbita moschata, Amaranthus blitum, Brassica carinata , Cleome gynandra, Solanum scabrum , Crotalaria ochroleuca, Urticadioica, Manihot esculenta, Vigna unguiculata) which are cultivated, marketed and consumed in Kenya and across East and West Africa. Results: In this study, the highest levels of Calcium, Zinc and Iron were found in Urticadioica leaves (75.0 mg/g), Manihot esculenta leaves (0.1 mg/g) and Cucurbita moschata leaves (1.0 mg/g). Amaranthus blitum leaves exhibited the highest content of Magnesium (9.5 mg/g) and Potassium (36.5 mg/g) respectively. This study demonstrated that based on weight and bioavailabilty, 10 g of Cucurbita moschata (dried weight) provides between 57% to 136% daily value of iron for children age between 7 and 10 years old and can provide up to 41%, 81% and 27% daily value of iron for female aged 18+, lactating females aged 18+ and males aged 18+ respectively. A 10 g portion of Urticadioica leaves (dried weight) will provide 75% or 58% of the daily value of calcium based on the North American or western European recommendation respectively while the same amount of Amaranthus leaves provides between 37% to 50 % of daily value of magnesium for adults of nineteen years and older based on their weight. The daily value of zinc despite its dependency with age, weight and Zinc bioavailability can be supplied by 10 g of Manihot esculenta leaves (dried weight) at a percentage ranged from 8% to 39%. Based on the 3510 mg daily recommendation, 10 g of Amaranthus, Brassica carinata, Cleome gynandra and Cucurbita moschata (dried weight) will provide 10.4%, 10.0%, 9.8% and 9.3% daily value for potassium respectively. Conclusion: The research findings are scientific evidences of the nutritional contribution of African indigenous leafy vegetables.


Assuntos
Micronutrientes/análise , Necessidades Nutricionais , Verduras/química , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Quênia , Masculino , Folhas de Planta/química , Espectrometria por Raios X
11.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 22(3): e002013, nov. 2019. tab.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047069

RESUMO

Basándonos en una consulta de una niña que desea realizar una dieta vegetariana se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica para identificar evidencia sobre el impacto de este tipo de dieta en la salud. La evidencia actual indica que la dieta vegetariana es una opción saludable que no produciría un impacto negativo en el crecimiento y desarrollo de los niños, si bien existiría la posibilidad de déficit de micronutrientes. (AU)


Based on a consultation of a girl who wishes to make a vegetarian diet, a literature search was conducted to identify evidence on the impact of this type of diet on health. Current evidence indicates that the vegetarian diet is a healthy option that would not have a negative impact on the growth and development of children, although there is a possibility of micronutrient deficits. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Criança , Adolescente , Dieta Vegetariana/efeitos adversos , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/dietoterapia , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Anemia Ferropriva/dietoterapia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Dieta Vegetariana/classificação , Dieta Vegetariana/tendências , Micronutrientes/deficiência , Alimentos, Dieta e Nutrição , Dieta Saudável/tendências
12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 907, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to examine nutrient intakes of tuberculosis (TB) patients and to identify their associated factors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 300 adult TB patients were surveyed in two impoverished counties in China. Nutrient intakes were evaluated through two consecutive 24-h dietary recalls and compared with the Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) 2013. The potential socio-demographic and behavioral factors were analyzed using multivariate logistic model to identify strong influential factors. RESULTS: We found that mean daily energy intake was 1655.0 kcal (SD: 619.3 kcal) and 1360.3 kcal (SD: 552.1 kcal) for male and female patients, respectively. The mean daily energy intake was significantly lower than that has been recommended by DRI (i.e., 2250 and 1800 kcal for males and females, respectively), with 87.4% of the male patients and 59.9% of female patients failed to consume adequate energy. The protein intakes were 44.6 g (SD: 18.2 g) and 35.9 g (SD: 12.3 g) for male and female patients, respectively, which were lower than the recommended values by DRI (i.e., 65 and 55 g for males and females, respectively). Most male (90.8%) and female (58.4%) TB patients had insufficient daily protein intake. Further analyses suggested that mean daily intakes of many micronutrients, were insufficient, while for most of patients, intakes of vitamin E and sodium were sufficient. We identified that unemployment was a risk factor for low energy intake (p < 0.05) and out-home-eating was a protective factor for low protein intake (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In impoverished areas in China, intakes of macronutrients and most micronutrients in TB patients were inadequate compared with DRIs, especially for unemployed patients and patients eating at home. These findings suggested that public health actions are needed to promote education on TB patients about significance of nutritional support, and, further interventions in TB patients' nutritional intakes are also required.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Conscientização , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição , Micronutrientes , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Saúde Pública , Recomendações Nutricionais , Desemprego , Adulto Jovem
14.
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5231-5259, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men which remains a global public health issue. Treatment of prostate cancer is becoming increasingly intensive and aggressive, with a corresponding increase in resistance, toxicity and side effects. This has revived an interest in nontoxic and cost-effective preventive strategies including dietary compounds due to the multiple effects they have been shown to have in various oncogenic signalling pathways, with relatively few significant adverse effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To identify such dietary components and micronutrients and define their prostate cancer-specific actions, we systematically reviewed the current literature for the pertinent mechanisms of action and effects on the modulation of prostate carcinogenesis, along with relevant updates from epidemiological and clinical studies. RESULTS: Evidence from various recent experimental, clinical and epidemiological studies indicates that select dietary micronutrients (i.e., lycopene, epigallocatechin gallate, sulforaphane, indole-3-carbinol, resveratrol, quercetin, curcumin & piperine) and zinc play a key role in prostate cancer prevention and progression and therefore hold great promise for the future overall management of prostate cancer. CONCLUSION: A formulation that comprises these micronutrients using the optimal, safest form and dosing should be investigated in future prostate cancer chemoprevention studies and as part of standard prostate cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/prevenção & controle , Animais , Quimioprevenção/métodos , Dieta/métodos , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Micronutrientes/farmacologia , Micronutrientes/uso terapêutico
16.
Nature ; 574(7776): 95-98, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554969

RESUMO

Micronutrient deficiencies account for an estimated one million premature deaths annually, and for some nations can reduce gross domestic product1,2 by up to 11%, highlighting the need for food policies that focus on improving nutrition rather than simply increasing the volume of food produced3. People gain nutrients from a varied diet, although fish-which are a rich source of bioavailable micronutrients that are essential to human health4-are often overlooked. A lack of understanding of the nutrient composition of most fish5 and how nutrient yields vary among fisheries has hindered the policy shifts that are needed to effectively harness the potential of fisheries for food and nutrition security6. Here, using the concentration of 7 nutrients in more than 350 species of marine fish, we estimate how environmental and ecological traits predict nutrient content of marine finfish species. We use this predictive model to quantify the global spatial patterns of the concentrations of nutrients in marine fisheries and compare nutrient yields to the prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies in human populations. We find that species from tropical thermal regimes contain higher concentrations of calcium, iron and zinc; smaller species contain higher concentrations of calcium, iron and omega-3 fatty acids; and species from cold thermal regimes or those with a pelagic feeding pathway contain higher concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids. There is no relationship between nutrient concentrations and total fishery yield, highlighting that the nutrient quality of a fishery is determined by the species composition. For a number of countries in which nutrient intakes are inadequate, nutrients available in marine finfish catches exceed the dietary requirements for populations that live within 100 km of the coast, and a fraction of current landings could be particularly impactful for children under 5 years of age. Our analyses suggest that fish-based food strategies have the potential to substantially contribute to global food and nutrition security.


Assuntos
Pesqueiros , Peixes/metabolismo , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Internacionalidade , Micronutrientes/deficiência , Micronutrientes/metabolismo , Estado Nutricional , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Cálcio/análise , Pré-Escolar , Proteínas na Dieta/análise , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/análise , Produtos Pesqueiros/análise , Produtos Pesqueiros/economia , Pesqueiros/economia , Peixes/classificação , Humanos , Lactente , Ferro/análise , Micronutrientes/análise , Selênio/análise , Vitamina A/análise , Zinco/análise
17.
Urologiia ; (4): 168-170, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535825

RESUMO

The male sexual dysfunction and male infertility are worldwide medical and social problems. Herbal therapyand nutrients have used to treat it a long time. The aim of article is to define the components of dietary supplement Antiprost for management of male sexual dysfunction and male infertility according to evidence-based medicine.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Infertilidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Micronutrientes , Fitoterapia , Vitaminas
18.
Lakartidningen ; 1162019 09 09.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503320

RESUMO

In South Asia, maternal and child undernutrition is common with consequences for short- and long-term health. In the MINIMat trial (Maternal and Infant Nutrition Interventions in Matlab) in Bangladesh 4436 pregnant women were allocated to early or later start of food supplements and different micronutrient alternatives. Children of mothers who received food supplementation from week 9 combined with multiple micronutrients showed a halved infant mortality rate. The early initiation of prenatal food supplementation reduced the risk of stunting up to five years and was associated with more favourable metabolic markers. The MINIMat study is run by icddr,b in Bangladesh and Uppsala University in collaboration with seven other universities. Twenty Ph.D. students have so far defended their theses and more than 100 scientific papers have been published.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Mortalidade Infantil , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Bangladesh , Biomarcadores/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Dieta , Status Econômico , Escolaridade , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Paridade , Vigilância da População , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Int Soc Sports Nutr ; 16(1): 37, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477133

RESUMO

The timing of macronutrient ingestion in relation to exercise is a purported strategy to augment muscle accretion, muscle and athletic performance, and recovery. To date, the majority of macronutrient nutrient timing research has focused on carbohydrate and protein intake. However, emerging research suggests that the strategic ingestion of various ergogenic aids and micronutrients may also have beneficial effects. Therefore, the purpose of this narrative review is to critically evaluate and summarize the available literature examining the timing of ergogenic aids (caffeine, creatine, nitrates, sodium bicarbonate, beta-alanine) and micronutrients (iron, calcium) on muscle adaptations and exercise performance. In summary, preliminary data is available to indicate the timing of caffeine, nitrates, and creatine monohydrate may impact outcomes such as exercise performance, strength gains and other exercise training adaptations. Furthermore, data is available to suggest that timing the administration of beta-alanine and sodium bicarbonate may help to minimize known untoward adverse events while maintaining potential ergogenic outcomes. Finally, limited data indicates that timed ingestion of calcium and iron may help with the uptake and metabolism of these nutrients. While encouraging, much more research is needed to better understand how timed administration of these nutrients and others may impact performance, health, or other exercise training outcomes.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia , Exercício , Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem , Substâncias para Melhoria do Desempenho/administração & dosagem , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva , Cafeína/administração & dosagem , Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Creatina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Ferro/administração & dosagem , Nitratos/administração & dosagem , Bicarbonato de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo , beta-Alanina/administração & dosagem
20.
Molecules ; 24(17)2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470508

RESUMO

Viola betonicifolia (Violaceae) is commonly recognized as "Banafsha" and widely distributed throughout the globe. This plant is of great interest because of its traditional, pharmacological uses. This review mainly emphases on morphology, nutritional composition, and several therapeutic uses, along with pharmacological properties of different parts of this multipurpose plant. Different vegetative parts of this plant (roots, leaves, petioles, and flowers) contained a good profile of essential micro- and macronutrients and are rich source of fat, protein, carbohydrates, and vitamin C. The plant is well known for its pharmacological properties, e.g., antioxidant, antihelminthic, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and has been reported in the treatment of various neurological diseases. This plant is of high economic value. The plant has potential role in cosmetic industry. This review suggests that V. betonicifolia is a promising source of pharmaceutical agents. This plant is also of significance as ornamental plant, however further studies needed to explore its phytoconstituents and their pharmacological potential. Furthermore, clinical studies are needed to use this plant for benefits of human beings.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/química , Anti-Helmínticos/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Antidepressivos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Viola/química , Analgésicos/isolamento & purificação , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Anti-Helmínticos/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antidepressivos/isolamento & purificação , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Humanos , Micronutrientes/classificação , Micronutrientes/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Nutrientes/classificação , Nutrientes/isolamento & purificação , Fitoterapia/métodos , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/anatomia & histologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Raízes de Plantas/anatomia & histologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Plantas Medicinais , Viola/anatomia & histologia
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