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1.
J. optom. (Internet) ; 16(1)January - March 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-214428

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the 12-month refractive and visual outcomes of Small Incision Guided Human-cornea Treatment (SmartSight®, SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions, Kleinostheim, Germany) in the treatment of myopia corrections with low to moderate astigmatism with the use of a new femtosecond laser system.Methods221 eyes of 114 patients consecutively treated with SmartSight lenticule extraction were assessed. The mean age of the patients was 28±6 years at the time of treatment with a mean spherical equivalent refraction of -6.26±2.17D and mean astigmatism of 0.92±0.68D. Monocular corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) were assessed pre- and post-operatively. Refractive changes have been determined in terms of changes in refraction, as well as changes in keratometric readings. The changes in central epithelial thickness have been determined.ResultsAt twelve months post-operatively, mean UDVA was 20/21±2. Spherical equivalent showed a residual refraction of +0.48±0.31D with refractive astigmatism of 0.13±0.18D postoperatively. There was a slight decrease of -0.1 Snellen lines at 12-months follow-up. The same correction was determined using changes in refraction, as well as changes in keratometric readings. The central epithelial thickness increased by +3±2µm. Spherical equivalent correction within ±0.50D was achieved in 199 eyes (90%), and cylindrical correction in 221 (100%). Preoperative corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 20/20 or better in 213 eyes (96%), and postoperative uncorrected (UDVA) was 20/20 or better in 205 eyes (93%). No eye had lost two or more Snellen lines of CDVA.ConclusionsMyopic astigmatism correction with SmartSight provided good results for efficacy, safety, predictability, and visual outcomes at the twelve months of follow up. The central epithelial thickness barely increased by 3±2µm. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Excimer , Miopia/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual
2.
J Refract Surg ; 39(1): 61-65, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630431

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report two cases in which exacerbation of granular corneal dystrophy type 2 (GCD2; Avellino corneal dystrophy) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) was successfully removed by corneal electrolysis. METHODS: This study involved a 66-year-old man and a 43-year-old man with GCD2 who had undergone bilateral LASIK for myopia 10 or more years prior to presentation. In both patients, GCD2 corneal opacity gradually developed postoperatively at the LASIK flap interface, thus resulting in a decrease of visual acuity. For treatment, the LASIK flaps in both patients were surgically lifted to directly remove the opacity. Corneal electrolysis was then applied to the back of each LASIK flap and stromal bed. RESULTS: Postoperatively, the ocular symptoms and corneal opacities related to GCD exacerbation disappeared, with improvement of corrected and uncorrected distance visual acuity and almost no change of refractive error. CONCLUSIONS: The findings reveal that corneal electrolysis is safe and effective for treating exacerbations of GCD2 following LASIK when applied to a surgically lifted flap, and that it successfully removes GCD2-related LASIK flap interface opacities with almost no change of refractive error postoperatively. [J Refract Surg. 2023;39(1):61-65.].


Assuntos
Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea , Opacidade da Córnea , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Adulto , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Córnea , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/diagnóstico , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/etiologia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/cirurgia , Opacidade da Córnea/etiologia , Miopia/cirurgia , Miopia/etiologia , Substância Própria/cirurgia
3.
J Refract Surg ; 39(1): 23-32, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630428

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the corneal epithelial remodeling profile after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), the correlated explanatory variables, and its potential impact on corneal higher order aberrations (HOAs). METHODS: This single-center study prospectively evaluated 75 right eyes of 75 patients scheduled for SMILE. An anterior segment optical coherence tomography device was used to automatically obtain central 6-mm corneal epithelial thickness (ET), total corneal HOAs, and individual Zernike components before and after surgery. The ET inhomogeneity over the central 3- and 6-mm cornea was quantified with coefficient of variance (CV). RESULTS: Both ET and CV significantly increased 1 month postoperatively (all P < .05). The stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that ET and CV were significantly correlated with preoperative ET and CV, respectively (all P < .01). The corrected spherical equivalent also significantly influenced ET and CV (all P < .01). Over the central 6-mm zone, the alterations of total corneal HOAs and individual Zernike components such as vertical coma (Z7) and spherical aberration (Z12, Z24) were significantly correlated with ET and CV (all P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The SMILE-induced epithelial remodeling involved both ET and ET inhomogeneity. The modulation was associated with preoperative and treatment parameters, and exerted a significant impact on corneal HOA alterations especially over the central 6-mm cornea. Together with the amount of correction and corneal curvature gradient change, preoperative assessment of ET and ET inhomogeneity might help predict postoperative epithelial remodeling. [J Refract Surg. 2023;39(1):23-32.].


Assuntos
Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea , Miopia , Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser/métodos , Miopia/cirurgia , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/etiologia , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/cirurgia , Córnea , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Topografia da Córnea
4.
J Refract Surg ; 39(1): 40-47, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630429

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To provide a comprehensive investigation of the optical quality across the visual field for current mainstream types of refractive surgeries. METHODS: Sixty eyes from 60 adults who received refractive surgery of either femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK), Q-value guided customized laser in situ keratomileusis (Q-LASIK), small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), or Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) (STAAR Surgical) implantation were included in this study. Refraction and optical aberrations from a visual field of horizontal 60° (from temporal 30° to nasal 30°) and vertical 36° (from superior 20° to inferior 16°) were measured using a custom-made Hartmann-Shack wavefront peripheral sensor. Refractive error, higher order aberrations, point spread function (PSF), and Strehl ratio were compared among these groups prior to and after the surgical procedures, respectively. RESULTS: All types of surgical procedures achieved an almost plano refraction in the central retina. This was also the case in the peripheral retina for the three types of laser refractive surgeries. However, residual peripheral relative hyperopic defocus was observed after ICL implantation. In all groups prior to the surgery, PSFs showed increasing distortion with eccentricity and arrow-like shape pointing toward the central fovea in the periphery in diagonals. Degradation of the PSFs was diminished by all three types of laser refractive surgeries, whereas ICL implantation made the peripheral distortion more prominent. CONCLUSIONS: Although ICL implantation produced a similar impact on refractive correction and objective optical quality in the central vision compared with other laser refractive surgeries, its outcome on the peripheral optics is different. The impact of this difference on visual performance deserves notice and warrants further investigation. [J Refract Surg. 2023;39(1):40-47.].


Assuntos
Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Adulto , Humanos , Acuidade Visual , Miopia/cirurgia , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Refração Ocular , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Refract Surg ; 39(1): 15-22, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To comparatively investigate the changes in corneal thickness and curvature between small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). METHODS: Data were collected preoperatively and postoperatively at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months, including central corneal thickness (CCT), midperipheral corneal thickness (MPCT), peripheral corneal thickness (PCT), central keratometry (CK), midperipheral keratometry (MPK), and peripheral keratometry (PK), using a dual rotating Scheimpflug analyzer. RESULTS: At 1 week postoperatively, changes in CCT, MPCT, PCT, and PK were significantly greater in the SMILE group than in the FS-LASIK group (P = .003 for CCT and < .001 for MPCT, PCT, and PK), but no significant inter-group differences were found between changes in CK and MPK (P = .883 and .513, respectively). CCT, MPCT, and PK values showed a similar increase in both groups, but significantly more increase in PCT and significantly less increase in CK and MPK was observed in the SMILE group from 1 week to 3 months after surgery. At 3 months postoperatively, CCT and MPCT were significantly thinner in the SMILE group than in the FSLASIK group (P = .018 and .022, respectively), and there was no significant difference in PCT, CK, MPK, and PK between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: SMILE caused significantly more corneal thinning at the center, midperiphery, and periphery, and more corneal flattening at the periphery, compared to FS-LASIK. A different pattern of corneal remodeling was observed between the two surgeries during the 3-month follow-up period. [J Refract Surg. 2023;39(1):15-22.].


Assuntos
Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Miopia/cirurgia
6.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 12(1): 10, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607625

RESUMO

Purpose: The anterior chamber angle (ACA) is a critical factor in posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (EVO Implantable Collamer Lens [ICL]) implantation. Herein, we predicted postoperative ACAs to select the optimal ICL size to reduce narrow ACA-related complications. Methods: Regression models were constructed using pre-operative anterior segment optical coherence tomography metrics to predict postoperative ACAs, including trabecular-iris angles (TIAs) and scleral-spur angles (SSAs) at 500 µm and 750 µm from the scleral spur (TIA500, TIA750, SSA500, and SSA750). Data from three expert surgeons were assigned to the development (N = 430 eyes) and internal validation (N = 108 eyes) datasets. Additionally, data from a novice surgeon (N = 42 eyes) were used for external validation. Results: Postoperative ACAs were highly predictable using the machine-learning (ML) technique (extreme gradient boosting regression [XGBoost]), with mean absolute errors (MAEs) of 4.42 degrees, 3.77 degrees, 5.25 degrees, and 4.30 degrees for TIA500, TIA750, SSA500, and SSA750, respectively, in internal validation. External validation also showed MAEs of 3.93 degrees, 3.86 degrees, 5.02 degrees, and 4.74 degrees for TIA500, TIA750, SSA500, and SSA750, respectively. Linear regression using the pre-operative anterior chamber depth, anterior chamber width, crystalline lens rise, TIA, and ICL size also exhibited good performance, with no significant difference compared with XGBoost in the validation sets. Conclusions: We developed linear regression and ML models to predict postoperative ACAs for ICL surgery anterior segment metrics. These will prevent surgeons from overlooking the risks associated with the narrowing of the ACA. Translational Relevance: Using the proposed algorithms, surgeons can consider the postoperative ACAs to increase surgical accuracy and safety.


Assuntos
Cristalino , Miopia , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Miopia/cirurgia , Câmara Anterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Câmara Anterior/cirurgia
7.
Retina ; 43(2): 200-208, 2023 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695791

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate different modes of foveal regeneration after the closure of idiopathic macular hole (IMH) or highly myopic macular hole (HMMH) by vitrectomy with internal limiting membranes peeling or flap techniques. METHODS: This retrospective observational study followed 47 IMH and 50 HMMH eyes for at least 6 months. Twenty four IMH and 25 HMMH eyes underwent internal limiting membrane peeling, whereas 23 IMH and 25 HMMH eyes received inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography was used to analyze macular hole closure, foveal microstructures, and excessive gliosis as a foveal "peak-like" protuberance. RESULTS: A single procedure closed all IMH (n = 47). For HMMH, the inverted group (n = 25, 100%) closed more macular hole than the peeling group (n = 14, 56.00%) (P < 0.001). Excessive gliosis only occurred in the inverted group, and there was a significant difference (P = 0.005) in incidence between IMH (three in 23 eyes, 13.04%) and HMMH (13 in 25 eyes, 52.00%). The axial length more than 29.985 mm enhanced the risk of excessive gliosis. CONCLUSION: The inverted internal limiting membrane flap efficiently treated refractory MHs but was prone to cause excessive gliosis in highly myopic eyes. Excessive elongation of the globe (axial length > 29.985 mm) was linked to excessive gliosis growth.


Assuntos
Membrana Epirretiniana , Miopia , Perfurações Retinianas , Humanos , Perfurações Retinianas/diagnóstico , Perfurações Retinianas/etiologia , Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Vitrectomia/métodos , Gliose/diagnóstico , Gliose/cirurgia , Gliose/complicações , Membrana Epirretiniana/diagnóstico , Membrana Epirretiniana/cirurgia , Membrana Epirretiniana/complicações , Membrana Basal/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Miopia/complicações , Miopia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
J Cataract Refract Surg ; 48(5): 604-610, 2022 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486579

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To create an equation for predicting the trabecular iris angle (TIA) and to verify its accuracy after implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation. SETTING: Nagoya Eye Clinic, Nagoya, Japan. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of a screening approach. METHODS: 174 eyes (174 patients) that underwent ICL implantation were included. Patients were randomly assigned to the prediction equation group (116 eyes) or verification group (58 eyes). Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) (CASIA2 TOMEY) was performed before and 3 months after ICL surgery. For the prediction group, a prediction equation was created with the preoperative AS-OCT parameters and ICL size as independent variables and the postoperative anterior chamber depth (ACD) as the dependent variable. Then, by applying the predicted post-ACD and preoperative AS-OCT parameters as independent variables and TIA after ICL surgery as the dependent variable, a prediction equation was created to predict the postoperative TIA (post-TIA) after ICL surgery. Each prediction equation was created using stepwise multiple regression analysis, and its accuracy was verified by a Bland-Altman plot in the verification group. RESULTS: The explanatory variables (standardized partial regression coefficient) selected in the post-TIA prediction equation were post-ACD (0.629), TIA750 (0.563), iris curvature (0.353), pupil diameter (-0.281), iris area (-0.249), and trabecular iris space area 250 (-0.171) (R2 = 0.646) (n = 116). There were no clinically significant systematic errors between measured and predictive post-TIA values in the verification group (n = 58). The mean absolute prediction error was 3.43 ± 2.22 degrees. CONCLUSIONS: Post-TIA was accurately predicted from the predicted post-ACD and other preoperative AS-OCT parameters.


Assuntos
Miopia , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Humanos , Iris/cirurgia , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Miopia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
9.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 503, 2022 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36539706

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measured by a standard Goldmann applanation tonometer prism (IOPg) and a modified correcting applanation tonometer surface Goldmann prism (IOPc) before and after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: Goldmann tonometry was analyzed in a retrospective, cross-sectional study, using both GAT and modified-GAT prisms pre-operatively and at the 3 month post-operative appointment on 120 eyes (64 patients) who received LASIK (n = 58) or PRK (n = 62). Demographics, central corneal thickness (CCT), manifest refraction and corneal curvature (CC) data was collected at each visit as well as surgical parameters, including maximum ablation depth. RESULTS: Mean paired IOP following LASIK decreased by - 3.28 ± 3.2 mmHg measured by IOPg and - 1.93 ± 3.3 mmHg by IOPc (p ≤ 0.0001). Mean paired IOP following PRK reduced by - 1.92 ± 3.6 mmHg measured by IOPg and - 1.06 ± 3.6 mmHg by IOPc (p ≤ 0.0001). Increased LASIK ablation depth and post-procedural change in CCT trended toward a statistically significant reduction in IOPg (p = 0.07,p = 0.12), but not IOPc (p = 0.18,p = 0.32). PRK ablation depth was not associated with a reduction in IOPg or IOPc. DISCUSSION: The modified Goldmann (IOPc) prism measured less of an IOP reduction following LASIK and PRK compared to the standard (IOPg) prism, and the IOP reduction with both prisms was associated with the degree of myopic correction. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN AND THE RESIDUAL QUERY: Corneal refractive surgery generally demonstrates significant postoperative Goldmann IOP reductions. Presumably, this is due to corneal biomechanical changes for which a newer method of Goldmann IOP measurement may be able to compensate. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: A modified, corneal conforming Goldmann prism demonstrates significantly less IOP reduction following myopic LASIK and PRK compared to the standard flat Goldmann prism. HOW THIS STUDY MIGHT AFFECT RESEARCH, PRACTICE OR POLICY: A newer, modified Goldmann prism may help detect glaucoma and OHT at an earlier stage in patients which have undergone LASIK or PRK. The findings corroborate predicted corneal biomechanical changes following the most common corneal refractive procedures.


Assuntos
Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Hipotensão Ocular , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Tonometria Ocular/métodos , Córnea/cirurgia , Miopia/cirurgia
10.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 495, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report a case of a corneal endothelial ring after toric implantable collamer lens (TICL, V4C) implantation in the right eye of a patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old woman with refractive errors of -8.00 DS/-2.00 DC * 8° in the right eye and - 6.50 DS/-1.75 DC * 177° in the left eye developed a corneal endothelial ring in the right eye on the first day after receiving TICLs implantation for treatment of high myopic astigmatism, which has not been previously reported as a complication of ICLs implantation. At 1 day postoperatively, the uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/16, the intraocular pressure as measured by non-contact tonometry was 16.9 mmHg, and the vault as measured by anterior segment optical coherence tomography was 1238 µm. The eye was quiet and there was no unusual anterior chamber reaction. However, slit-lamp examination revealed an endothelial annular lesion of approximately 0.4 mm in diameter in the central part of the cornea, which was gray-white in color. The shape of the ring was the same as that of the central hole of the TICL. Specular microscopy showed that the mean endothelial cell density (ECD) of the ring significantly decreased to 1442 ± 263 cells/mm2, while the other part was still normal (2852 ± 103 cells/mm2). After 9 days of corticosteroid treatment and intense lubrication, the patient had a clear cornea, increased ECD (1532 ± 653 cells/mm2), and a good UDVA (20/16). CONCLUSION: This case suggests that a few hours after ICL V4C implantation, with a large vault, corneal displacement caused by an air puff would make the endothelium close to or even contact the ICL, producing a corneal endothelial ring. After ruling out various possible factors, we speculated that the endothelial ring was developed due to the non-contact tonometer air puff before slit-lamp evaluation, and this phenomenon was recorded by Corvis, which confirmed that the cornea could come in contact with the ICL due to gas shock. This "contact" may cause transient corneal endothelial damage.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Miopia , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas/efeitos adversos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Miopia/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Astigmatismo/etiologia , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Endotélio
11.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0279898, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36584135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies found that infants with retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) who were treated for more posterior disease with a greater number of laser spots developed higher myopia. These studies included multiple physicians with variations in laser density. In treatments by a single physician, laser spot count is a better surrogate for area of avascular retina and anterior-posterior location of disease, so that the relationship with myopia can be better assessed. METHODS: Our retrospective study included infants treated with laser for ROP by a single surgeon at a single center. Exclusion criteria were irregularities during laser and additional treatment for ROP. We assessed correlation between laser spot count and change in refractive error over time using a linear mixed effects model. RESULTS: We studied 153 eyes from 78 subjects treated with laser for ROP. The average gestational age at birth was 25.3±1.8 weeks, birth weight 737±248 grams, laser spot count 1793±728, and post-treatment follow up 37±29 months. Between corrected ages 0-1 years, the mean spherical equivalent was +0.4±2.3 diopters; between ages 1-2, it was -1.3±3.2D; and ages 2-3 was -0.8±3.1D. Eyes that received more laser spots had significantly greater change in refractive error over time (0.30D more myopia per year per 1000 spots). None of the eyes with hyperopia before 18 months developed myopia during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Greater myopia developed over time in infants with ROP treated by laser to a larger area of avascular retina.


Assuntos
Miopia , Erros de Refração , Retinopatia da Prematuridade , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Miopia/cirurgia , Retina/cirurgia , Erros de Refração/terapia , Idade Gestacional , Fotocoagulação a Laser
12.
PLoS One ; 17(12): e0279357, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36534673

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare visual acuity and refractive results between topography-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) planned with the Phorcides Analytic Engine (PAE) to results after wavefront-optimized (WFO) LASIK in subjects with preoperative oblique astigmatism in their manifest refraction. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of clinical results from eyes treated with topography-guided LASIK planned with PAE compared to eyes treated with WFO LASIK using the same Wavelight® excimer laser system. All included subjects had preoperative oblique astigmatism. Residual refractive error and visual acuity (uncorrected and corrected) were the measures of interest, at the visit closest to 90 days postoperative. RESULTS: A matched data set from 100 WFO and 97 PAE eyes was extracted from clinical records. At the postoperative visit the PAE group showed lower residual refractive cylinder (p = 0.04), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) (-0.06 PAE vs. -0.02 WFO, p < 0.01) and distance corrected visual acuity (CDVA) (p < 0.01). The percentage of eyes with a mean refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) magnitude within 0.25 D and 0.50 D of plano was statistically significantly higher in the PAE group (p = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). A statistically significantly higher percentage of eyes in the PAE group had UDVA better than or equal to -0.10 logMAR (20/16 Snellen, 36% vs 22%, p = 0.04). More eyes gained CDVA after surgery in the PAE group (53% vs 32%, p < 0.01). There were five enhancements in the WFO group versus none in the PAE group, a statistically significant difference (p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Visual acuity and refractive outcomes after LASIK using PAE in eyes with oblique astigmatism in their preoperative refraction were statistically significantly better than those obtained when WFO treatment was used. The number of refractive outliers and the number of retreatments were also significantly lower with PAE treatment.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Humanos , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Miopia/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Acuidade Visual , Refração Ocular , Córnea/cirurgia , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico
13.
Lasers Med Sci ; 38(1): 14, 2022 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36547739

RESUMO

The objective of the study is to observe the changes in the effective optical zone (EOZ) after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and explore possible correlations with some influencing factors. In total, 133 eyes after SMILE were divided into the mild to moderate myopia group (- 1.75 D to - 5.75 D, 70 eyes) and the high myopia group (- 6.00 D to - 9.50 D, 63 eyes). The postoperative EOZ was calculated by utilizing the corneal tangential curvature map. Changes in EOZ (△-OZ) were monitored and compared between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to determine the correlation between △-OZ and corneal high-order wavefront aberrations. Multicollinearity analysis and ridge regression analysis were performed to assess the correlation between △-OZ and some corneal parameters. After SMILE, the horizontal EOZ (H-EOZ), vertical EOZ (V-EOZ), and average EOZ (A-EOZ) were significantly smaller than the programmed optical zone (POZ) in both groups (p < 0.05). The difference between V-EOZ and POZ (△V-OZ) and the difference between A-EOZ and POZ (△A-OZ) showed more significant changes in the high myopia group than in the mild to moderate myopia group, and △V-OZ was significantly larger than the difference between H-EOZ and POZ (△H-OZ) in the high myopia group. In both groups, the total high-order aberration (T-HOA) and spherical aberration (SA) both increased after SMILE, and they had a similar significant negative correlation with A-EOZ. Moreover, there was a significant negative correlation between △-OZ and Km (X1), Q-value (X2), spherical equivalent (SE, X3), ablating depth (AD, X4) and △e (X6), and a significant positive correlation between △-OZ and △Q (X5). △H-OZ was expressed as Y1, △V-OZ as Y2, and △A-OZ as Y3. The multiple linear regression equations were as follows: Y1 = 3.683 - 0.065X1, Y2 = 1.549 - 0.469X2 - 0.059X3, Y3 = 4.015 - 0.07X1 - 0.03X3, Y1 = 1.337 - 0.005X4 + 0.413X5, Y2 = 1.265 + 0.469X5, and Y3 = 0.852 - 0.002X4 - 0.398X6. The correlation degree with △A-OZ was ranked as Km > △Q > Q-value > AD > e-value > △e > SE > △Km, as represented by the ridge regression analysis. The EOZ was irregularly reduced after SMILE, which should be taken into consideration in the design of POZ, especially for high myopia. Consideration of the refractive diopter and corneal topography is advised for the design of POZ, the latter of which has greater reference significance.


Assuntos
Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea , Miopia , Humanos , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Córnea/cirurgia , Refração Ocular , Topografia da Córnea , Miopia/cirurgia , Lasers de Excimer
14.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 444, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitrectomy and peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) was an effective therapeutic approach for myopic foveoschisis with progressive visual loss. This study investigated the anatomical and visual outcomes of fovea-sparing ILM peeling with or without the inverted flap technique for patients with symptomatic myopic foveoschisis (MF). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients with MF. Vitrectomy with fovea-sparing ILM peeling and air tamponade was performed in all patients. The primary outcome measures included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean macular thickness (MMT), and central foveal thickness (CFT). Depending on whether an inverted ILM flap technique was utilized, further subgroup comparisons between the inverted flap group and the non-inverted flap group were conducted. RESULTS: Twenty-six eyes of 22 patients were included. Fifteen eyes were underwent fovea-sparing ILM peeling without inverted ILM flap and 11 of the 26 eyes were treated with fovea-sparing ILM peeling and an inverted ILM flap technique. In the mean follow-up period of 10.74 ± 4.58 months, a significant improvement in BCVA was observed from 0.97 ± 0.45 logMAR to 0.58 ± 0.51 logMAR (P < 0.01), during which the BCVA of 20 eyes (76.92%) improved and remained stable in 5 eyes (19.23%). Moreover, a positive correlation was also found between the preoperative BCVA and the postoperative BCVA (r = 0.50, P = 0.01). At the last visit, the final MMT decreased from 492.69 ± 209.62 µm to 234.73 ± 86.09 µm, and the CFT reduced from 296.08 ± 209.22 µm to 138.31 ± 73.92 µm (all P < 0.01). A subgroup analysis found no significant differences in BCVA, MMT, or CFT between the inverted and non-inverted flap groups (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Fovea-sparing ILM peeling with or without inverted flap technique resulted in favorable visual and anatomical outcomes for the treatment of MF. An important factor affecting the postoperative visual outcome was the preoperative visual acuity. Our study found no significant difference between the presence and absence of the inverted ILM flap.


Assuntos
Miopia , Perfurações Retinianas , Retinosquise , Humanos , Membrana Basal/cirurgia , Miopia/cirurgia , Perfurações Retinianas/cirurgia , Retinosquise/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
15.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 429, 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the early outcomes of anterior segment parameters after implanting an implantable collamer lens with a central hole (ICL V4c) in patients with myopia and determined the earliest follow-up time for detecting potential complications. METHODS: Sixty-two patients were included, and the following parameters were measured at baseline (preoperative), 1 day, 1 week, and 1, 3, and 6 months after the operation: intraocular pressure (IOP), endothelial cell density (ECD), central anterior chamber depth (CACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV), nasal and temporal anterior chamber angle (n-ACA and t-ACA), horizontal corneal diameter (white-to-white, WTW), and axial length (AL). The vault was measured at each post-operative timepoint. RESULTS: The postoperative IOP and ECD at the 6 months were both statistically similar to the baseline. The post-operative CACD and ACV were significantly less at all timepoints compared with the baseline (P < 0.001) and stayed stable from 1 day and 1 month after the operation, respectively. Postoperative n-ACA and t-ACA decreased significantly at 1 day and 1 week compared with the baseline (P < 0.001), while tended to stabilization at 1, 3, and 6 months. The vault kept decreasing significantly at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month, but stayed stable at 3 and 6 months. The postoperative n-ACA and t-ACA positively correlated with the baseline ACA, CACD, and ACV. CONCLUSIONS: The anterior chamber parameters tended to stabilization early after the operation. Thus, it is essential to evaluate patients' anterior segment status at earlier timepoints and prevent complications with prompt and non-invasive intervention.


Assuntos
Miopia , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Acuidade Visual , Miopia/cirurgia , Miopia/diagnóstico , Câmara Anterior
16.
J Refract Surg ; 38(11): 708-715, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367258

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate changes in corneal curvature in different zones of the posterior corneal surface during a 6-month follow-up period after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK), femtosecond laser-assisted excimer laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK), and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: The study included a total of 202 eyes, including 65, 77, and 60 that underwent tPRK, FS-LASIK, and SMILE, respectively. Elevation data for the posterior surface were obtained preoperatively (pre), as well as 1 week (pos1w), 1 month (pos1m), 3 months (pos3m), and 6 months (pos6m) postoperatively. Changes in posterior corneal curvature (M) were analyzed in the central (diameter: 0 to 3 mm), paracentral (diameter: 3 to 6 mm), and peripheral (diameter: 6 to 9 mm) regions. RESULTS: Over all follow-up periods, the central region of the posterior surface in all patients became flatter (P < .05), with FS-LASIK showing the largest change, whereas the paracentral and peripheral regions became steeper. The posterior curvature changes between pre and pos6m, determined before and after correction for ablated stromal depth, tended to follow similar trends in the three regions and after the three surgeries. There was also no significant correlation (P > .05) between the changes in the mean curvature (M, recorded between pre and pos6m) and each of the refractive error corrections, the changes in spherical aberration postoperatively, the optical zone diameter, ablated stromal depth, and residual stromal bed thickness in the central and peripheral regions, but the correlation was significant in the paracentral region. CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative changes in posterior corneal shape followed different trends in the central, paracentral, and peripheral regions. The FS-LASIK group exhibited the most notable changes in posterior corneal curvature, especially in the central region. These changes were statistically correlated with variations in spherical aberration, and ablated and residential stromal thickness in the paracentral region. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(11):708-715.].


Assuntos
Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa , Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Seguimentos , Miopia/cirurgia , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/cirurgia
17.
J Refract Surg ; 38(11): 698-707, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367259

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare two aspheric ablation profiles in myopic refractive surgery using different asphericity targets. METHODS: Patients underwent laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with the WaveLight EX500 laser platform (Alcon, WaveLight Laser Technologie). Asymmetric surgery was performed, programming the wavefront-optimized (WFO) ablation profile in one eye and the custom-Q (CQ) profile in the contralateral eye. The patients were divided into two groups following a systematic randomization method. The Q-target programmed for the preoperative Q group was equal to the preoperative asphericity of the CQ profile, and for the -0.6 Q-target group, the Q-target was set to -0.6. RESULTS: The study included 100 patients (200 eyes). Both groups had comparable safety and efficacy indexes greater than 1. A similar oblate shift in postoperative asphericity was seen in both groups regardless of the ablation profile and programmed Q-target. Asphericity was 0.33 ± 0.34 and 0.35 ± 0.29 (P = .18) in the preoperative Q group and 0.26 ± 0.28 and 0.26 ± 0.27 (P = .89) in the -0.6 Q-target group for WFO and CQ, respectively. A lower spherical aberration was found with CQ compared to WFO when the Q-target was set to -0.6: 0.211 ± 0.121 versus 0.144 ± 0.114 (P < .01). However, no statistically significant differences were found when the preoperative Q-target was used. CONCLUSIONS: WFO and CQ treatments are similar in terms of refractive and visual outcomes. CQ offers greater control over the increase in positive spherical aberration after myopic refractive surgery, but it does not represent an advantage over WFO in the oblate shift in postoperative asphericity regardless of the Q-target programmed. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(11):698-707.].


Assuntos
Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Humanos , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Acuidade Visual , Miopia/cirurgia , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Refração Ocular , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Refract Surg ; 38(11): 733-740, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367261

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and predictability of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) at least 4 years after primary laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and compare it to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) criteria. METHODS: This retrospective, single-site study compared patients who underwent PRK enhancement from 2014 to 2019 after primary LASIK to those who only underwent primary LASIK without re-treatment from the same time period. Patient demographics and clinical information were compared between the two groups. Visual outcomes and postoperative complications were evaluated in the enhancement group. RESULTS: A total of 374 eyes with PRK enhancement were compared to 472 without re-treatment. Age, sex, surgical eye, and preoperative sphere, and spherical equivalent (SE) were significantly different between the enhancement and control groups (P < .05). At 12 months post-enhancement, 67% had uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) of 20/20 or better, 98% had UDVA of 20/40 or better, and 0.4% of eyes lost at least two lines of corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA). A total of 83% and 98% of eyes were within ±0.50 and ±1.00 diopters of the target, respectively. Post-enhancement complications (n = 66) included dryness (6.1%), epithelial ingrowth (2.7%), and haze (2.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Older age at the time of the primary LASIK, female sex, right surgical eye, and more myopic sphere and SE were risk factors for enhancement. Although PRK enhancements are considered off-label procedures, they produce favorable outcomes at 3 and 12 months postoperatively while meeting FDA benchmarks for safety, efficacy, and predictability. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(11):733-740.].


Assuntos
Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa , Humanos , Feminino , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa/métodos , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ/métodos , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Miopia/cirurgia , Miopia/etiologia , Refração Ocular , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Refract Surg ; 38(11): 725-732, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367263

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the objective change in light disturbance around a glare source using the Light Disturbance Analyzer (LDA) (Binarytarget Lda) and correlate this with the validated subjective quality of vision (QoV) questionnaire in small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for high compound myopic astigmatism. METHODS: This was a prospective study recruiting 114 patients undergoing SMILE with attempted spherical equivalent refraction (SEQ) correction from -9.00 to -13.00 diopters (D), and cylinder up to 5.00 D. The LDA was used before and 3 and 12 months after surgery to evaluate the Light Disturbance Area, Light Disturbance Index, Best Fit Circle Radius, and Best Fit Circle Irregularity. Patients completed the Rasch-validated QoV questionnaire before and 12 months after surgery. Correlation analysis was performed between the LDA parameters and the QoV frequency, severity, and bothersomeness for halos and starbursts. RESULTS: At 12 months, there was a non-statistically signifcant change of 11.9% for Light Disturbance Area and Light Disturbance Index and 6.5% for Best Fit Circle Radius. There was an increase of 81.9% for Best Fit Circle Irregularity (P = .017). Light Disturbance Area, Light Disturbance Index, and Best Fit Circle Radius correlated with bothersomeness for QoV halos, and with frequency, severity and bothersomeness for QoV star-bursts (P < .05), albeit with a low correlation coefficient (R2 < 0.13). There was no correlation between increase in Best Fit Circle Irregularity and the halo and starburst scores from the QoV questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: LDA Best Fit Circle Irregularity was found to increase following high myopic SMILE. Other LDA parameters appeared to increase, but a much larger sample would be required to find statistical significance. The change in LDA parameters was only weakly correlated with QoV halo and starburst metrics, representing the wide variation in inter-subject perception. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(11):725-732.].


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Cirurgia da Córnea a Laser , Miopia , Humanos , Astigmatismo/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Miopia/cirurgia , Refração Ocular , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18942, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344601

RESUMO

A phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) of - 4.5 D was characterized from its wavefront aberration profile. A preclinical study was conducted using pre- and post-surgery data from four patients that had undergone myopic laser refractive surgery. All these patients would have needed a PIOL of - 4.5 D. Pre-surgery data were used to simulate the effect of a PIOL implantation. Post myopic refractive surgery data were used to calculate the post-LASIK eye model. Modulation transfer function (MTF), point spread function (PSF) and simulation of optotypes vision were obtained and compared. The PIOL did not worsen the optical quality of the eyes evaluated. High order Aberrations were always higher in the post-LASIK eye model. Optics quality trended to be better in PIOL implantation than post-LASIK surgery as pupil size increased.


Assuntos
Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Lentes Intraoculares Fácicas , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Acuidade Visual , Miopia/cirurgia , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Refração Ocular
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