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1.
Soins ; 65(845): 40-42, 2020 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862965

RESUMO

Nursing is a highly feminised profession, yet includes a certain proportion of men. What this does fairly low mix mean, and what are its effects on the way teams work and on career paths?


Assuntos
Mobilidade Ocupacional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
2.
Soins ; 65(845): 43-45, 2020 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862966

RESUMO

The article explores the private practice nursing profession from the angle of gender. The methodology is based on cross-referencing data taken from statistical and field surveys. The results show that men and women practise differently. Training paths, careers and professional activities are shaped by the caregivers' gender.


Assuntos
Mobilidade Ocupacional , Prática Privada de Enfermagem , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais
4.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 370-377, mayo 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-192074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Political Skills Inventory (PSI) is a measurement tool for assessing four dimensions associated with political skills: social astuteness, interpersonal influence, networking ability and apparent sincerity (Ferris, 2005). METHOD: In the present study, multi-sample and multi-method, we developed and analyzed the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the (PSI), by performing both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Additionally, a longitudinal reliability test and a sex factorial invariance test were performed. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha and omega indices revealed satisfactory reliability and exploratory factor analyses extracted the four original factors as reported in other studies (N = 309). Confirmatory factorial analyses confirmed that the four-factor solution presented the best fit to our data (N = 248). CONCLUSIONS: We add new evidence for time and sex invariance of the measure, showing that the PSI can be considered a stable and valid measure over time and across sex


INTRODUCCIÓN: El inventario de habilidades políticas (PSI, siglas en inglés) es una medida para calibrar cuatro dimensiones relacionadas con es-te constructo: la astucia social, la capacidad de influencia interpersonal, la habilidad para establecer contactos y la sinceridad aparente (Ferris, David-son & Perrewé, 2005). MÉTODO: En el presente estudio, multi-muestra y multimétodo, sendos análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio se han llevado a cabo sobre dos muestras, una primera compuesta por trabajadores de varios ramos (recogido en tres etapas, con una edad media comprendida entre 43.66 y 44.70 años, DT = 9.42 - 10.22, y un porcentaje de mujeres entre 57.3 - 58.4%) y una segunda por trabajadores del sector salud (Mage = 35.56, SD = 7.23; 80.6% women), para desarrollar y testar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del PSI. Adicionalmente, se llevó a cabo una prueba de fiabilidad longitudinal y un análisis de invarianza relativo al género. RESULTADOS: Los índices alpha de Cronbach (cuyos valores oscilaron entre 0.83-0.90 en nuestros datos, y entre 0.73-0.87 en la versión original) y omega (0.85 para el total de la escala) revelaron un grado de fiabilidad satisfactoria. El análisis factorial exploratorio extrajo los cuatro factores de la versión original, tal y como ya ha sido reportado en otros estudios (N = 309). El análisis factorial confirmatorio confirmó que el ajuste de dicha estructura fue el mejor frente a los datos (N = 248). CONCLUSIONES: Con este estudio se añade evidencia al estudio de la invarianza de género y la estabilidad temporal de esta medida, mostrando que la versión española del PSI puede ser considerada una medida estable y válida a través del tiempo y relativa al género


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Inventário de Personalidade/normas , Aptidão , Política , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/normas , Análise Fatorial , Inquéritos e Questionários , 16054/psicologia , Traduções , Avaliação de Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Poder Psicológico
6.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235190, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735593

RESUMO

To examine changes in U.S. medical school basic science faculty over the last 20 years (1998-2018), we undertook an observational study utilizing data from the American Association of Medical Colleges Faculty Roster. Rank (Instructor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor), sex (Female), and race/ethnicity (Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic, Latino, Spanish Origin, or Multiple Race-Hispanic, and White) were analyzed; this reflected a population of 14,047 (1998) to 18,601 (2018) faculty. Summary percent of faculty in various gender, race/ethnicity origin categories were analyzed across years of the study using regression models. We found that females (24.47% to 35.32%) were underrepresented at all timepoints and a minority of faculty identified as Black or African American (1.57% to 1.99%), Hispanic, Latino, Spanish Origin, or Multiple Race-Hispanic (3.03% to 4.44%), or Asian (10.90% to 20.41%). The largest population at all time points was White Male Professors (30.53% to 20.85%), followed by White Male Associate Professors (15.67% to 9.34%), and White Male Assistant Professors (13.22% to 9.75%). Small statistically significant increases were observed among female faculty and faculty at multiple ranks who identified as Black or African American or Hispanic, Latino, Spanish Origin, or Multiple Race-Hispanic. We then completed secondary analyses looking at the interaction of race/ethnicity and Gender. We found: (1) a significant increase (p<0.0001) in both genders who identify as Asian although males had a higher rate of increase (6 point difference, p<0.0001); (2) a significant increase for Black or African American females (P<0.01) not found among males; (3) significant increases (p<0.0001) among both genders of faculty who identify as Hispanic, Latino, Spanish Origin, or Multiple Race-Hispanic although females had an approximately 1% higher rate of increase; and (4) among faculty who identify as White, males had a significant decrease (p<0.0001) while females demonstrated an increase (p<0.0001).


Assuntos
Diversidade Cultural , Docentes de Medicina/tendências , Faculdades de Medicina/tendências , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Docentes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Faculdades de Medicina/organização & administração , Faculdades de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Estados Unidos
8.
Trends Parasitol ; 36(10): 799-802, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819829

RESUMO

This article summarizes discussions at a Gender Equity Workshop run during the Molecular Approaches to Malaria Conference in February 2020. Barriers to career progression in science for women and minority groups, along with suggestions to overcome ongoing roadblocks, are discussed. The emerging challenges that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is bringing to this sector are also considered.


Assuntos
Mobilidade Ocupacional , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Ciência , Direitos da Mulher/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Ciência/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Nephrol Nurs J ; 47(3): 259-265, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639128

RESUMO

New nurse managers and nurses who wish to transition into management positions often look for guidance in improving their skills for the next level and to succeed in the job. This article provides guidelines and pragmatic advice for those who aspire to become a manager, started in their management role recently, and want to become successful in their current role and beyond.


Assuntos
Logro , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Humanos
14.
Soins Psychiatr ; 41(327): 19-23, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718456

RESUMO

A psychiatric nurse who used to lead art sessions decided to change profession. Now an art therapist, in the same healthcare facility, she runs workshops, providing real spaces of freedom and creation for the patient. Her professional experience and evolution show that art therapy is a valuable part of the chain of care, in collaboration with the multidisciplinary teams.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Feminino , Humanos
17.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234987, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603353

RESUMO

We investigate the link between birth order and the career outcome of becoming Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of a company. CEOs are more likely to be the first-born, i.e., oldest, child of their family relative to what one would expect if birth order did not matter for career outcomes. Both male and female CEOs are more likely to be first-born. However, the first-born advantage seems to largely reflect the absence of an older brother, but not of an older sister. These results are more pronounced for family firms, where traditionally the oldest child is appointed to run the family business, but also hold for non-family firms.


Assuntos
Ordem de Nascimento , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Comércio/organização & administração , Características da Família , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Comércio/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Irmãos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
18.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236252, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726338

RESUMO

Despite the need to map research careers, the empirical evidence on career patterns of researchers is limited. We also do not know whether career patterns of researchers can be considered conventional in terms of steady progress or international mobility, nor do we know if career patterns differ between men and women in research as is commonly assumed. We use sequence analysis to identify career patterns of researchers across positions and institutions, based on full career histories of applicants to the European Research Council frontier research grant schemes. We distinguish five career patterns for early and established men and women researchers. With multinomial logit analyses, we estimate the relative likelihood of researchers with certain characteristics in each pattern. We find grantees among all patterns, and limited evidence of gender differences. Our findings on career patterns in research inform further studies and policy making on career development, research funding, and gender equality.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Pesquisadores/normas , Adulto , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Organização do Financiamento , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Análise de Sequência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades/normas
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