Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 13.210
Filtrar
1.
BMJ Open ; 10(11): e039933, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148756

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has been growing at an accelerating rate, and has become a public health emergency. Pregnant women and their fetuses are susceptible to viral infection, and outcomes in this population need to be investigated. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CINAHAL, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, clinicaltrials.gov, SCOPUS, Google Scholar and Cochrane Central Controlled Trials Registry will be searched for observational studies (cohort and control cases) published from December 2019 to present. This systematic review and meta-analysis will include studies of pregnant women at any gestational stage diagnosed with COVID-19. The primary outcomes will be maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. Three independent reviewers will select the studies and extract data from the original publications. The risk of bias will be assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for observational studies. To evaluate the strength of evidence from the included data, we will use Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation method. Data synthesis will be performed using Review Manager software V.5.2.3. To assess heterogeneity, we will compute the I2 statistics. Additionally, a quantitative synthesis will be performed if the included studies are sufficiently homogenous. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study will be a review of the published data, and thus it is not necessary to obtain ethical approval. The findings of this systematic review will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO 2020: CRD42020181519.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Mortalidade Fetal , Mortalidade Materna , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Betacoronavirus , Peso ao Nascer , Feminino , Doenças Fetais , Sofrimento Fetal , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Doenças do Recém-Nascido , Metanálise como Assunto , Gravidez , Natimorto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
2.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol ; 33(6): 793-799, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002958

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recognition of the increasing maternal mortality rate in the United States has been accompanied by intense efforts to improve maternal safety. This article reviews recent advances in maternal safety, highlighting those of particular relevance to anesthesiologists. RECENT FINDINGS: Cardiovascular and other chronic medical conditions contribute to an increasing number of maternal deaths. Anesthetic complications associated with general anesthesia are decreasing, but complications associated with neuraxial techniques persist. Obstetric early warning systems are evolving and hold promise in identifying women at risk for adverse intrapartum events. Postpartum hemorrhage rates are rising, and rigorous evaluation of existing protocols may reveal unrecognized deficiencies. Development of regionalized centers for high-risk maternity care is a promising strategy to match women at risk for adverse events with appropriate resources. Opioids are a growing threat to maternal safety. There is growing evidence for racial inequities and health disparities in maternal morbidity and mortality. SUMMARY: Anesthesiologists play an essential role in ensuring maternal safety. While continued intrapartum vigilance is appropriate, addressing the full spectrum of contributors to maternal mortality, including those with larger roles beyond the immediate peripartum time period, will be essential to ongoing efforts to improve maternal safety.


Assuntos
Analgesia Obstétrica/tendências , Anestesia Obstétrica/tendências , Anestesiologistas/psicologia , Parto Obstétrico/tendências , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Analgesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Analgesia Obstétrica/métodos , Anestesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Obstétrica/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/normas , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Estados Unidos
4.
J Pregnancy ; 2020: 7363242, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029402

RESUMO

Introduction: Reduction of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality has continued to be a challenge in developing countries. The majority of maternal and neonatal mortality occurred during the early postpartum period. This is mostly due to low postnatal care service utilization. There is a discrepancy of evidence on the effect status of antenatal care on the improvement of postnatal care service utilization. Therefore, this review study is aimed at estimating the pooled effect of antenatal care on postnatal care service utilization. Methods: We searched from PubMed and Cochrane library database, Google Scholar, and Google. Initially, we found 265 articles; after duplication was removed and screened by the relevance of the titles and abstracts, 36 studies were considered for assessment of eligibility. Finally, 14 articles passed the inclusion and exclusion criteria and are included in the meta-analysis. Study quality assessment was done using Janna Briggs Institute (JBI) critical appraisal tools. The main information was extracted from each study. Heterogeneity of studies was assessed using I 2 = 70% and more considered having high heterogeneity. The publication bias was checked using funnel plot and big test. Meta-analysis using a random effect model was conducted. A forest plot was used to show the estimated size effect of odds ratio with a 95% confidence interval. Results: A total of 14 articles were included with 15,765 participants for synthesis and meta-analysis. We found that a pooled estimate of women who had antenatal care was 1.53 times more likely to have postnatal care compared with those who had no antenatal care (AOR = 1.53, 95% CI 1.38-1.70, I 2 = 0%). Conclusions: This review results revealed a low utilization of postnatal care service. Antenatal care service utilization has a positive effect on postnatal care service utilization. Policymakers and programmers better considered more antenatal care service use as one strategy of enhancing the utilization of postnatal care service.


Assuntos
Morte Materna/prevenção & controle , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Morte Perinatal/prevenção & controle , Cuidado Pós-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez
5.
J Pregnancy ; 2020: 6153146, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33062334

RESUMO

Introduction: Obstetric danger signs are those signs that a pregnant woman will see or those symptoms that she will feel which indicate that something is going wrong with her or with the pregnancy. Evidence on the prevalence of obstetric danger signs and contributing factors were crucial in designing programs in the global target of reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To assess the prevalence of obstetric danger signs during pregnancy and associated factors among mothers in a Shashemene rural district, South Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted among 395 randomly selected women who gave birth in the last six months. A pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire was utilized. Data were cleaned, coded, and entered into Epi data manager version 4.1 and then exported to SPSS version 20. Bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were employed to assess the association between independent variables with the outcome variable. Statistical significance was declared at p < 0.05. Result: One hundred sixty-three (41.3%) of women had a history of obstetric danger signs during pregnancy. The most prevalent obstetric danger signs were vaginal bleeding (15.4%) followed by swelling of the body 12.7% and severe vomiting 5.3%. Women who have less than four times antenatal care visits were 6.7 times more likely to experience obstetric danger signs (AOR 6.7 (95% CI 3.05, 14.85)) compared to those who had antenatal care visit four times and above. Women who have inadequate knowledge of obstetric danger signs were 2.5 times more likely to experience obstetric danger signs during pregnancy (AOR 2.5 (95% CI 1.34, 4.71)), and primigravida women were 6.3 times more likely to have obstetric danger signs during pregnancy (AOR 6.3 (95% CI 2.61, 15.09)) compared to multiparous women. Conclusion: About half of the pregnant mothers have experienced at least one obstetric danger signs. Public health interventions on maternal health should give priority to the prevalent causes of obstetric danger signs, strengthening completion of four antenatal care visits and health education on obstetric danger signs for pregnant mothers at community level especially for primgravid women.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Edema/epidemiologia , Edema/etiologia , Edema/prevenção & controle , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Número de Gestações , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Conhecimento , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Hemorragia Uterina/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Uterina/etiologia , Hemorragia Uterina/prevenção & controle , Vômito/epidemiologia , Vômito/etiologia , Vômito/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
6.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239048, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936834

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive disorder of pregnancy is the second commonest causes of maternal death globally. Different public health studies were conducted on hypertensive disorder of pregnancy which presented inconsistent result. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis was commenced to summarize the findings conducted in several parts of the country and to generate the nationwide representative data on the prevalence and risk factors of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy in Ethiopia. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Electronic databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Hinari, and African Journals Online were searched for studies published in English up to March, 2020. Joanna Briggs Institute Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale were used for data extraction and quality assessment of the included studies. The meta- regression analysis was computed at 95% CI to present the pooled prevalence and risk factors of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. RESULTS: Thirty four studies were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy and preeclampsia in Ethiopia were 6.82% (95% CI (5.90, 7.74)) and 4.74% (95% CI (3.99, 5.49)) respectively. Maternal age ≥35 years (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR): 2.91 (95% CI: 1.60, 5.26)), twin pregnancy (AOR: 3.04 (95% CI: 1.89, 4.87)), previous history of preeclampsia (AOR: 5.36 (95% CI: 3.37, 8.53)), family history of hypertension (AOR: 4.01 (95% CI: 2.65, 6.07)), family history of diabetes mellitus (AOR: 3.07 (95% CI: 1.66, 7.70)), body mass index ≥25 (AOR: 3.92 (95% CI: 1.82, 8.42)), alcohol consumption (AOR: 1.77 (95% CI: 1.11, 2.83)), urinary tract infection (AOR: 4.57 (95% CI: 3.47, 6.02)), lack of nutritional counseling during antenatal period (AOR: 4.87 (95% CI: 3.36, 7.06)), lack of fruits (AOR: 3.49 (95% CI: 2.29, 5.30)), and vegetables consumption (AOR: 2.94 (95% CI: 2.01, 4.31)) were the risk factors of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy in Ethiopia. CONCLUSIONS: The pooled prevalence of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy is relatively higher compared with the previous reports. Maternal age ≥35 years, twin pregnancy, previous history of preeclampsia, family history of hypertension, family history of diabetes mellitus, body mass index ≥25, alcohol consumption, urinary tract infection, lack of fruits and vegetables during pregnancy were risk factors of hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. The governments and stakeholders should work to strengthen the antenatal care practice to include the possible risk factors of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , Diabetes Mellitus , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/diagnóstico , Idade Materna , Mortalidade Materna , Razão de Chances , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
9.
Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol ; 60(5): 640-659, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32779193

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since its emergence in December 2019, COVID-19 has spread to over 210 countries, with an estimated mortality rate of 3-4%. Little is understood about its effects during pregnancy. AIMS: To describe the current understanding of COVID-19 illness in pregnant women, to describe obstetric outcomes and to identify gaps in the existing knowledge. METHODS: Medline Ovid, EMBASE, World Health Organization COVID-19 research database and Cochrane COVID-19 in pregnancy spreadsheet were accessed on 18/4, 18/5 and 23/5 2020. Articles were screened via Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The following were excluded: reviews, opinion pieces, guidelines, articles pertaining solely to other viruses, single case reports. RESULTS: Sixty articles were included in this review. Some pregnant participants may have been included in multiple publications, as admission dates overlap for reports from the same hospital. However, a total of 1287 confirmed SARS-CoV-2 positive pregnant cases are reported. Where universal testing was undertaken, asymptomatic infection occurred in 43.5-92% of cases. In the cohort studies, severe and critical COVID-19 illness rates approximated those of the non-pregnant population. Eight maternal deaths, six neonatal deaths, seven stillbirths and five miscarriages were reported. Nineteen neonates were SARS-CoV-2 positive, confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction of nasopharyngeal swabs. [Correction added on 2 September 2020, after first online publication: the number of neonates indicated in the preceding sentence has been corrected from 'Thirteen' to 'Nineteen'.] CONCLUSIONS: Where universal screening was conducted, SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy was often asymptomatic. Severe and critical disease rates approximate those in the general population. Vertical transmission is possible; however, it is unclear whether SARS-CoV-2 positive neonates were infected in utero, intrapartum or postpartum. Future work should assess risks of congenital syndromes and adverse perinatal outcomes where infection occurs in early and mid-pregnancy.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Mortalidade Infantil/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Adulto , Austrália , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Trimestres da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Adulto Jovem
10.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(3): 523-529, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844789

RESUMO

Unsafe abortion is one of the most critical global public health concerns and human rights challenges of the current time. The complications arising from unsafe abortion account for the death of almost 192 women each day; that is one woman every eight minutes and nearly all of them in developing countries. It is a descriptive type of observational study where all abortion related admissions from July 2017 to June 2018 in Obstetrics & Gynaecology department of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital were analyzed. Cases of unsafe abortion were identified as missed abortion, incomplete abortion and septic abortion. Total 2396 abortion related cases were admitted in one year. Among them 2173 cases were unsafe abortion (90.69%). The commonest mode of unsafe abortion was by taking improper regimen of different types of oral abortifacients either by self-administration or by improper prescriptions of local medical dispensers in 90% women. The commonest clinical presentation was per vaginal moderate to heavy bleeding in 88.5% women. After evaluation, the commonest diagnosis made was incomplete abortion in 92.87% women. The first line of intervention taken was recommended dose of medications like Misoprostol alone or Misoprostol followed by Mifepristone in 96.3% women to avoid unnecessary endometrial injury by surgical procedure. Further 44.2% women underwent Manual Vacuum Aspiration and thus reducing hospital stay to around 3.0±0.25 days. Almost all the patients (94%) were given post abortion contraceptives along with long acting family planning services to 20% patients. The miserable complication was septic abortion in 1.29% women and they were mainly done by insertion of foreign bodies which contribute to total 4.4% of maternal death. The impact of unsafe abortion on the woman and her family is intimidating. Timely and proper management of unsafe abortions and their complications with adequate provision for post abortion care may reduce the morbidity and mortality related to it. Moreover, use of long acting contraceptives to prevent unintended pregnancy and access to safe abortion may reduce the burden of unsafe abortions on public health system.


Assuntos
Aborto Incompleto , Aborto Induzido , Misoprostol , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mortalidade Materna , Gravidez , Curetagem a Vácuo
14.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 217, ago. 2020. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103536

RESUMO

Los primeros mil días de vida son parte del Curso de Vida, al tomar en consideración la Epigenética, término postulado por Waddington en 1942: modifica la expresión genética SIN cambiar la secuencia de las bases de ADN. El proyecto internacional llamado DOHaD (Developmental Origins of Health and Disease) u ODSE (Orígenes del Desarrollo de la Salud y Enfermedad), está inserto dentro de la Transición Alimentaria y Nutricional (TAN), que, en países en desarrollo­ocurre en forma muy rápida ­produce tanto la malnutrición por déficit como por exceso; es decir la doble carga nutricional. La TAN es producto en nuestro país, de una urbanización acelerada y anárquica, y de cambios socioculturales, como la incorporación de la mujer al mercado de trabajo con menos tiempo para cocinar; está acompañada de una transición epidemiológica con la emergencia y prevalencia de la obesidad y de las enfermedades crónicas como morbiletalidad. Esta doble carga nutricional se modificó, por la situación país, y prevalece más el déficit que el exceso. Se presenta el PROYECTO FUNDACIÓN BENGOA ­ SVPP ­ SOGV ­ CANIA, cuya meta es: Elaborar una agenda preventiva común contra la malnutrición tanto por déficit como por exceso y sus comorbilidades, bajo el enfoque de los primeros mil días de vida y su efecto sobre todo el curso de vida. Se realizó el diseño y aplicación de tres cuestionarios digitales, que se utilizaran para la elaboración de esta meta. Se consolidó un CONSENSO NACIONAL formado por profesionales de la salud involucrados en los primeros mil días de vida(AU)


The first 1000 days of life is the new paradigm that determines health and nutrition during the life course, based on epidemiological models that incorporate the concept of Epigenetics, term introduced by Waddington, that refers to changes that affect the genetic expression without changing the DNA sequence, within the international program DOHaD/ODSE as well as the Food and Nutrition Transition(FNT). This FNT, product of an accelerated and anarchic urbanization that led to sedentary activities, plus the incorporation of women to the work media, with less time for cooking, with the substitution of the traditional diet for one much more practical and efficient in time and effort. It is accompanied by demographic and epidemiologic changes and transitions. The Double Burden of Nutrition in VENEZUELA has changed due to the effect of the recent crisis with a rise in malnutrition and a fall in obesity/overweight. The current project: Fundación Bengoa- Pediatric Society Venezuela (SVPP) ­ CANIA - Obstetric Society of Venezuela (SOGV) is called Developmental Origins of Health and Disease in Venezuela (DOHaD Venezuela): and by means of a national consensus of medical societies and institutions, its goal is "To elaborate a Preventive Agenda both for Malnutrition and for Overweight and Obesity and its comorbidities, considering the First 1000 Days of life and its effect over the life course"


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez na Adolescência , Características da População , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Mortalidade Materna , Epigenômica , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Epidemiologia , Desnutrição , Transição Nutricional
15.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52591

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Describir las desigualdades sanitarias y sociales en indicadores de salud materna y del niño definidos en las metas del Objetivo de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) 3.1 y ODS 3.2 a partir de datos administrativos, entre los departamentos de Paraguay en 2017. Métodos. Diseño ecológico de carácter descriptivo cuantitativo. Se utilizaron medidas simples de brechas y medidas complejas de gradiente basadas en el ajuste de modelos de regresión binomial negativo y logístico. Resultados. Cincuenta por ciento de los departamentos de Paraguay tienen valores estimados de razón de mortalidad materna (RMM) mayores que el valor nacional. El porcentaje de partos atendidos por profesional calificado en el país alcanza 98,1% con valores que fluctúan entre 82,4% y 99,9%. Hay 13 de 18 departamentos con valores de la tasa de mortalidad en menores de 5 años (TMM5) mayores que el promedio nacional, con un rango entre 4,2 y 49,2 muertes por cada 1 000 nacidos vivos. Los valores de la tasa de mortalidad neonatal (TMN) en los departamentos varían entre 2,6 y 45,1 muertes por cada 1 000 nacidos vivos. Existen grandes desigualdades sanitarias y sociales en la RMM, la TMM5 y la TMN entre los departamentos. No se detectan desigualdades elevadas en el porcentaje de partos atendidos por profesional calificado entre los departamentos. Conclusiones. Paraguay debe hacer esfuerzos importantes para disminuir las desigualdades sanitarias y sociales que existen en la RMM, la TMM5 y la TNN entre los departamentos. Se deben establecer metas numéricas de mejoría de los valores nacionales y reducción de las desigualdades en estos indicadores, lo cual permitirá rendir cuentas sobre el compromiso de “no dejar a nadie atrás” establecido en los ODS, y ayudará a generar estrategias que permitan mejorar la salud de la mujer y el niño en Paraguay.


[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To describe health and social inequalities in maternal and child health indicators defined in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3.1 and SDG 3.2 targets based on administrative data among the departments of Paraguay in 2017. Methods. Quantitative descriptive study with ecological design. Simple gap measures and complex gradient measures based on the adjustment of negative binomial and logistic regression models were used. Results. Fifty percent of Paraguay’s departments have estimated maternal mortality ratio (MMR) values higher than the national value. The percentage of births attended by a qualified professional in the country is 98.1%, with a range between 82.4% and 99.9%. In 13 of 18 departments, under-five mortality rate (U5MR) is higher than the national average, ranging from 4.2 to 49.2 deaths per 1 000 live births. Neonatal mortality rates (NMR) in the departments vary from 2.6 to 45.1 deaths per 1 000 live births. There are major health and social inequalities in the MMR, U5MR and NMR between the departments. There are no high inequalities in the percentage of births attended by a qualified professional between the departments. Conclusions. Paraguay needs to make significant efforts to reduce the health and social inequalities that exist in the MMR, U5MR and NMR between departments. Numerical targets must be established to improve national values and reduce inequalities in these indicators, which will allow for accountability on the commitment to “leave no one behind” established in the SDG, and will help generate strategies to improve the health of women and children in Paraguay.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Mortalidade Materna , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Mortalidade Infantil , Paraguai , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Mortalidade Materna , Mortalidade Infantil
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32604879

RESUMO

Improving maternal health is one of the 13 targets of Sustainable Development Goal 3; consequently, preventing maternal death, which usually occurs in women's prime productive years, is an important issue that needs to be addressed immediately. This study examines the association between socioeconomic status and all-cause maternal mortality in South Korea and provides evidence of preventable risk factors for maternal death. For this population-based retrospective cohort study, data on 3,334,663 nulliparous women were extracted from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database between 2003 and 2018. The outcome variables were all-cause maternal mortality within six weeks and a year after childbirth. A log-binomial regression model determined the association between maternal mortality and income-level adjusted covariates. Women with lower income levels had higher risk of maternal death within six weeks (risk ratio (RR) = 2.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.65-3.53) and within one year (RR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.47-2.28), especially those who were aged 35-39 years, lived in rural areas, delivered via cesarean section, and had maternal comorbidities. The study identifies a significant relationship between South Korean primiparas' socioeconomic status and maternal death within six weeks or one year after childbirth, suggesting interventions to alleviate the risk of maternal death.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna , Nascimento Prematuro , Adulto , Cesárea , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos
17.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1093, 2020 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Chinese government has been strengthening the primary care system since the launch of the New Healthcare System Reform in 2009. Among all endeavors, the most obvious and significant improvement lays in maternal and child health. This study was designed to explore the association of primary care physician supply with maternal and child health outcomes in China, and provide policy suggestions to the law makers. METHODS: Six-year panel dataset of 31 provinces in China from 2012 to 2017 was used to conduct the longitudinal ecological study. Linear fixed effects regression model was applied to explore the association of primary care physician supply with the metrics of maternal and child health outcomes while controlling for specialty care physician supply and socio-economic covariates. Stratified analysis was used to test whether this association varies across different regions in China. RESULTS: The number of primary care physicians per 10,000 population increased from 15.56 (95% CI: 13.66 to 17.47) to 16.08 (95% CI: 13.86 to 18.29) from 2012 to 2017. The increase of one primary care physician per 10,000 population was associated with 5.26 reduction in maternal mortality per 100,000 live births (95% CI: - 6.745 to - 3.774), 0.106% (95% CI: - 0.189 to - 0.023) decrease in low birth weight, and 0.419 decline (95% CI: - 0.564 to - 0.273) in perinatal mortality per 1000 live births while other variables were held constant. The association was particularly prominent in the less-developed western China compared to the developed eastern and central China. CONCLUSION: The sufficient supply of primary care physician was associated with improved maternal and child health outcomes in China, especially in the less-developed western region. Policies on effective and proportional allocation of resources should be made and conducted to strengthen primary care system and eliminate geographical disparities.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Médicos de Atenção Primária/organização & administração , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Adulto , Criança , Serviços de Saúde da Criança/organização & administração , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Gravidez
18.
Syst Rev ; 9(1): 161, 2020 07 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32682444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over 4.2 million confirmed cases and more than 285,000 deaths, COVID-19 pandemic continues to harm significant number of people worldwide. Several studies have reported the impact of COVID-19 in general population; however, there is scarcity of information related to pharmacological management and maternal and perinatal outcomes during the pandemic. Altered physiological, anatomical, and immunological response during pregnancy makes it more susceptible to infections. Furthermore, during pregnancy, a woman undergoes multiple interactions with the health care system that increases her chance of getting infected; therefore, managing pregnant population presents a unique challenge. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: This systematic review seeks to answer the following questions in relation to COVID-19: What are the different clinical characteristics presented in maternal and perinatal population? What are the different maternal and perinatal outcome measures reported? What are the distinct therapeutic interventions reported to treat COVID-19? Is it safe to use "medications" used in the treatment of COVID-19 during antenatal, perinatal, postnatal, and breastfeeding? METHOD: The search will follow a comprehensive, sequential three step search strategy. Several databases relevant to COVID-19 and its impact on pregnancy including Medline, CINAHL, and LitCovid will be searched from the inception of the disease until the completion of data collection. The quality of this search strategy will be assessed using Peer Review of Electronic Search Strategies Evidence-Based Checklist (PRESS EBC). An eligibility form will be developed for a transparent screening and inclusion/exclusion of studies. All studies will be sent to RefWorks, and abstraction will be independently performed by two researchers. Risk of bias will be assessed using Cochrane Risk of Bias tool for randomized controlled trials, Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale for non-randomized studies, and for case reports, Murad et al. tool will be used. Decision to conduct meta-analysis will be based on several factors including homogeneity and outcome measures reported; otherwise, a narrative synthesis will be deemed appropriate. DISCUSSION: This systematic review will summarize the existing data on effect of COVID-19 on maternal and perinatal population. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic review addressing therapeutic management and safety of medicines to treat COVID-19 during pregnancy and breastfeeding. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: This systematic review has been registered and published with Prospero ( CRD42020172773 ).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Mortalidade Materna , Mortalidade Perinatal , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Apgar , Betacoronavirus , Aleitamento Materno , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Pandemias , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Sepse/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol ; 33(4): 612-617, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628411

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Internationally there has been increased interest in maternal morbidity; both as a strategy to reduce maternal deaths and also because of the significant impact on a woman's life as a result of suffering from maternal morbidity. The present review will evaluate the current knowledge of, and strategies to reduce maternal morbidity. RECENT FINDINGS: The study of maternal morbidity and how to reduce it has been hampered for many years by the lack of a standard approach to measurement and evaluation. The World Health Organization has attempted to standardize the approach to maternal morbidity with the development of a new definition that recognizes the multiple dimensions of maternal morbidity, including external factors such as socioeconomic factors. This approach will assist with a more accurate evaluation of maternal morbidity. Maternal morbidity arises from many and varied causes. Many of these are amenable to quality improvement with an associated reduction in maternal morbidity. SUMMARY: There have been significant advances in the understanding of maternal morbidity: incidence causes and management. Future research should aim to establish accurate rates for maternal morbidity and further develop ways for healthcare professionals, including anaesthesia care providers, to reduce it.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Materna/tendências , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Organização Mundial da Saúde
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA