Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 19.609
Filtrar
1.
N Engl J Med ; 390(13): 1250, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598596
2.
N Engl J Med ; 390(13): 1249-1250, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598595
3.
4.
Harefuah ; 163(4): 211-216, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616629

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, a Geriatric Surgery Unit (GSU) was established in the Sheba Medical Center. The Unit's aims include: professional assessment of surgical candidates, approval of the surgical plan by a multidisciplinary team discussion (MTD), and meeting the specific needs of the geriatric patient undergoing surgery. METHODS: We describe the establishment of the GSU and preliminary results from the first year of its activity (January-December 2022). The GSU team consisted of a geriatric nurse practitioner (NP), a geriatric physician, surgeons, anesthesiologists and a physiotherapist. Inclusion criteria for GSU assessment/treatment were age>80 years or substantial baseline geriatric morbidity. RESULTS: In 2022, 276 patients were treated by the GSU: 110 underwent elective comprehensive preoperative assessment in the NP clinic and the rest were assessed urgently/semi-electively during their hospitalization. One hundred and fifteen cases (median age 86 (65-98) years) were brought to MTD and considered for elective cholecystectomy (46.1%), colorectal procedures (16.5%), hernia repair (13.9%), hepatobiliary procedures (9.6%) or other surgeries (13.9%); of those, 49 patients (median age 86 (72-98) years) eventually proceeded to surgery, following which the median length of hospital stay (LOS) was 3.5 (1-60) days and the rate of postoperative complications was 46.7%. After discharge, the median duration of follow-up was 2.5 (0-18) months during which 4 patients died. Compared with geriatric patients who underwent cholecystectomy during 2021-2023 without MTD (n=39), in the cases discussed by the MTD, patients (n=17) had a shorter LOS (2.0±0.9 vs. 2.4±2.1 days), less 30-day Emergency Department referrals (12.5% vs. 28.2%) and less 30-day re-admissions (6.2% vs. 15.4%; all p≥0.3). CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric surgical patients require a designated professional approach to meet their unique perioperative needs. The effect of GSUs on perioperative outcomes merits further prospective studies.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Hospitais , Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Prospectivos , Anestesiologistas , Morte
5.
Harefuah ; 163(4): 259-262, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616638

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The concept of "successful aging" as coined by Rowe and Kahan in the late nineties of the last century, came to describe a period of old age with multi-functional abilities. The functions are physical, cognitive and social, without progressive chronic diseases and without disabilities. There is a change in the concept of successful aging beyond the physical dimension (daily function (ADL) and cognitive function) which is based on objective performance indicators towards subjective indicators based on the patients' feelings and their quality of life. Successful aging moves from the limited bio-physical aspect to an overall view of bio-psycho-socio which means mental-emotional-behavioral aspects, social involvement, and also an element of spirituality and even end-of-life decisions. Successful aging will be measured by objective and subjective measures that include the patient's feelings and experiences. The idea is to include and see in successful aging not only the absence of morbidity and disability as seen by Rowe and Kahan, but to a multidimensional function that includes physical and cognitive, mental and emotional, social and spiritual parameters and a dimension of the end of life in making decisions according to the wishes and preferences of the person himself and his family.


Assuntos
Cognição , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Atividades Cotidianas , Envelhecimento , Morte
6.
Lakartidningen ; 1212024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591840

RESUMO

The WHO definition of paediatric palliative care (PPC) emphasises the role of active multidimensional care, carried out with interdisciplinary competence, and providing support to the entire family. The aim of the current national study was to investigate whether parents perceived that their child received palliative care (PC) before the child died of cancer and the parent's view of the care during the child's last month of life. In 2016, parents (n=226) completed a study-specific survey, and a majority reported that their child had received PC with good professional competence. However, many parents reported that the child was greatly affected by pain in the last month of life. Geographical differences indicated that parents who live in sparsely populated areas to a lesser extent reported that their child received PC. Lastly, our conclusion is that access to equal PPC and improved symptom control is crucial for children and their families.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Criança , Humanos , Pais , Neoplasias/terapia , Dor , Morte
7.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 310, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The anticipatory prescribing of injectable controlled drugs (ICDs) by general practitioners (GPs) to care home residents is common practice and is believed to reduce emergency hospital transfers at the end-of-life. However, evidence about the process of ICD prescribing and how it affects residents' hospital transfer is limited. The study examined how care home nurses and senior carers (senior staff) describe their role in ICDs prescribing and identify that role to affect residents' hospital transfers at the end-of-life. METHODS: 1,440 h of participant observation in five care homes in England between May 2019 and March 2020. Semi-structured interviews with a range of staff. Interviews (n = 25) and fieldnotes (2,761 handwritten A5 pages) were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Senior staff request GPs to prescribe ICDs ahead of residents' expected death and review prescribed ICDs for as long as residents survive. Senior staff use this mechanism to ascertain the clinical appropriateness of withholding potentially life-extending emergency care (which usually led to hospital transfer) and demonstrate safe care provision to GPs certifying the medical cause of death. This enables senior staff to facilitate a care home death for residents experiencing uncertain dying trajectories. CONCLUSION: Senior staff use GPs' prescriptions and reviews of ICDs to pre-empt hospital transfers at the end-of-life. Policy should indicate a clear timeframe for ICD review to make hospital transfer avoidance less reliant on trust between senior staff and GPs. The timeframe should match the period before death allowing GPs to certify death without triggering a Coroner's referral.


Assuntos
Casas de Saúde , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Hospitais , Morte
9.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 36(4): 199-201, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568145

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Despite the best efforts of modern health care and critical care providers, many patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) will still die each year. The need for palliative care services in the ICU is common. Although specialty palliative care services provide excellent care and are a tremendous resource, every critical care provider should be able to provide the basics of palliative care themselves through the model of primary palliative care. Although it may be uncomfortable for the critical care provider at first, providing palliative care to our ICU patients can be a very rewarding experience. In this article, I discuss best practices for handling difficult conversations with patients and their families, helping patients and families make difficult decisions regarding the goals of care, and managing symptoms at the end of life.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Cuidados Críticos , Morte
10.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(5): 273, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587665

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Health service use is most intensive in the final year of a person's life, with 80% of this expenditure occurring in hospital. Close involvement of primary care services has been promoted to enhance quality end-of-life care that is appropriate to the needs of patients. However, the relationship between primary care involvement and patients' use of hospital care is not well described. This study aims to examine primary care use in the last year of life for cancer patients and its relationship to hospital usage. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in Victoria, Australia, using linked routine care data from primary care, hospital and death certificates. Patients were included who died related to cancer between 2008 and 2017. RESULTS: A total of 758 patients were included, of whom 88% (n = 667) visited primary care during the last 6 months (median 9.1 consultations). In the last month of life, 45% of patients were prescribed opioids, and 3% had imaging requested. Patients who received home visits (13%) or anticipatory medications (15%) had less than half the median bed days in the last 3 months (4 vs 9 days, p < 0.001, 5 vs 10 days, p = 0.001) and 1 month of life (0 vs 2 days, p = 0.002, 0 vs 3 days, p < 0.001), and reduced emergency department presentations (32% vs 46%, p = 0.006, 31% vs 47% p < 0.001) in the final month. CONCLUSION: This study identifies two important primary care processes-home visits and anticipatory medication-associated with reduced hospital usage and intervention at the end of life.


Assuntos
Morte , Neoplasias , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hospitais , Neoplasias/terapia , Vitória , Atenção Primária à Saúde
11.
Cult. cuid ; 28(68): 7-20, Abr 10, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-407

RESUMO

La relación de la pérdida significativa de un ser queridoy el alcoholismo ha minimizado las implicaciones sobremecanismos de afrontamientos para generar conductassaludables. Este artículo se basa en entrevistas semiestructuradasa profundidad en hombres de entre 30 y 70 años, conmás de 10 años en Alcohólicos Anónimos del Estado deTamaulipas, México. El objetivo fue reflexionar sobre lossignificados de la pérdida significativa de un ser querido yel alcoholismo. En la búsqueda del significado, se explicaque un factor que lleva al alcoholismo no es una sola pérdidasignificativa de personas queridas, sino un cúmulo tambiende pérdidas materiales y no materiales, se reflejaron recursoslimitados para afrontar las pérdidas, la relación entre lapérdida significativa con el alcoholismo fue mediado pordos principales aspectos, las creencias sobre los efectos queproduce el consumo de alcohol como formas de escapar de larealidad y las influencia de la familia al inicio del consumode alcohol. Por otra parte, la presencia de lo espiritual, laconciencia y las emociones que experimentan durante suproceso de duelo y alcoholismo, los llevó a identificar elproblema de la adicción, que permitió influir en el procesode rehabilitación.(AU)


A relação entre a perda significativa de um ente querido e oalcoolismo tem minimizado as implicações nos mecanismosde enfrentamento para gerar comportamentos saudáveis.Este artigo é baseado em entrevistas semiestruturadas emprofundidade com homens entre 30 e 70 anos, com mais de10 anos em Alcoólicos Anônimos no Estado de Tamaulipas,México. O objetivo foi refletir sobre os significados da perdasignificativa de um ente querido e do alcoolismo. Na buscade sentido, explica-se que um fator que leva ao alcoolismonão é uma única perda significativa de entes queridos, mastambém um acúmulo de perdas materiais e imateriais,recursos limitados foram refletidos para enfrentar as perdas,a relação entre a perda significativa com o alcoolismo foimediada por dois aspectos principais, as crenças sobre osefeitos que o consumo de álcool produz como formas defuga da realidade e a influência da família no início doconsumo de álcool. Por outro lado, a presença do espiritual,da consciência e das emoções que vivenciam durante oprocesso de luto e alcoolismo, levaram-nos a identificar oproblema da dependência, o que lhes permitiu influenciaro processo de reabilitação.(AU)


The relationship between the significant loss of a lovedone and alcoholism has minimized the implications oncoping mechanisms to generate healthy behaviors. Thisarticle is based on in-depth semi-structured interviews withmen between the ages of 30 and 70, with more than 10years in Alcoholics Anonymous in the State of Tamaulipas,Mexico. The objective was to reflect on the meanings of the significant loss of a loved one and alcoholism. In thesearch for meaning, it is explained that a factor that leadsto alcoholism is not a single significant loss of loved ones,but also an accumulation of material and non-materiallosses, limited resources were reflected to face the losses,the relationship between the loss significant with alcoholismwas mediated by two main aspects, beliefs about the effectsthat alcohol consumption produces as ways of escapingfrom reality and the influence of the family at the beginningof alcohol consumption. On the other hand, the presenceof the spiritual, the conscience and the emotions that theyexperience during their mourning process and alcoholism,led them to identify the problem of addiction, which allowedthem to influence the rehabilitation process.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Alcoolismo/mortalidade , Pesar , Fatores de Risco , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Morte , México , Enfermagem
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7829, 2024 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570550

RESUMO

The immunotropic effects of aldosterone might play a role in COVID-19, as SARS-CoV-2 reportedly uses angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptors as an entry point into cells. Aldosterone function is closely linked to its action on mineralocorticoid receptors in kidneys; it increases the renal retention of sodium and the excretion of potassium, which increases blood pressure. Despite the large number of studies examining the effect of Ang-II and its blockers on the course of COVID-19 infection, there is still uncertainty about the role of aldosterone. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation of aldosterone, urea, creatinine, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) levels with 28 days of mortality in patients treated for COVID19 in an intensive care unit (ICU). This cross-selection study involved 115 adult patients who were divided into two groups: those who died within a 28-day period (n = 82) and those who survived (n = 33). The correlation of aldosterone, urea, creatinine, C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin (PCT) levels with 28 days of mortality in patients treated for COVID-19 were performed. The patients' age, sex, scores from the APACHE II, SAPS II, and SOFA scales and comorbidities like HA, IHD and DM were also analyzed. Remarkably, the individuals who survived for 28 days were of significantly lower mean age and achieved notably lower scores on the APACHE II, SAPS II, and SOFA assessment scales. Statistically significantly higher CRP levels were observed on days 3, 5, and 7 in individuals who survived for 28 days. Creatinine levels in the same group were also statistically significantly lower on days 1, 3, and 5 than those of individuals who died within 28 days. The investigation employed both univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models to explore factors related to mortality. In the univariate analysis, variables with a p value of less than 0.50 were included in the multivariate model. Age, APACHE II, SAPS II, and SOFA demonstrated significance in univariate analysis and were considered to be associated with mortality. The outcomes of the multivariate analysis indicated that age (HR = 1.03, p = 0.033) served as a robust predictor of mortality in the entire study population. In conclusion the plasma aldosterone level is not associated with ICU mortality in patients with COVID-19. Other factors, including the patient's age, creatinine or CRP contribute to the severity and prognosis of the disease. This study was retrospectively registered in the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) with registration no. ACTRN12621001300864 (27/09/2021: https://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=382563&isReview=true ).


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Sepse , Adulto , Humanos , Aldosterona , Pró-Calcitonina , Proteína C-Reativa , Creatinina , Sepse/metabolismo , Curva ROC , SARS-CoV-2 , Austrália , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Prognóstico , Morte , Ureia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Ann Palliat Med ; 13(2): 309-321, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The issue of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare has been a significant concern for many years. It encompasses various aspects, including disease prevention, diagnosis, management, and end-of-life (EOL) care. Research has found that timely intervention with palliative care can result in better EOL care and reduced healthcare costs. This review aims to detail the role of healthcare disparities impacting palliative care, hospice enrollment, and EOL care in patients with serious illnesses who are facing EOL. It addresses the factors that play a role in creating these disparities and describes specific interventions that may reduce disparities in the provision of EOL care. METHODS: Authors searched, PubMed Central, Medline, and PubMed databases using Racial Disparity and End-of-Life/Palliative Care combinations. A total of 57 studies were identified. All articles were reviewed, and the available evidence was synthesized and to identify key domains in EOL care impacted by racial disparities and the factors contributing to them. KEY CONTENT AND FINDINGS: Several patient, provider, and institutional level factors may be responsible for disparities seen in EOL care, including health literacy, access to care, mistrust of the healthcare system, social determinants of health (SDH), medical racism, cultural and religious customs, and communication at EOL. Disparities in EOL care experienced by minority patients is an extension of the systemic and institutionalized racism rampant in the healthcare system. Providers must work on multiple fronts to address this inequity and injustice, the first of which is recognition and conversation regarding disparities in EOL care. CONCLUSIONS: Disparities in communication, palliative and hospice care utilization, and symptom management must be eradicated. Palliative care and hospice should be made accessible for all patients and families experiencing severe illness regardless of their racial or ethnic background.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Minorias Étnicas e Raciais , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Morte
14.
Clin Geriatr Med ; 40(2): 333-345, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521603

RESUMO

Palliative care focuses on improving the quality of life for people with serious illnesses and their loved ones. This article introduces considerations including barriers to care, intersectionality, minority stress, microaggressions, and social safety that may impact the experience and openness of people to receive this care. The authors outline tools to address these challenges including trauma-informed care and how to recognize bias and earn trust. The authors conclude by offering a model for incorporating these assessments and tools with sample scripts to provide patient-centered and holistic palliative care.


Assuntos
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Pessoas Transgênero , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Identidade de Gênero , Cuidados Paliativos , Qualidade de Vida , Morte
15.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 103(4): 523-531, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is considered less safe in patients with reduced ejection fraction (EF), an impression based on older data. Whether the safety and durability of contemporary PCI are different in patients with reduced EF compared with normal EF patients is unknown. METHODS: Patients from the BIOFLOW II, IV and V clinical trials were grouped as normal EF (≥50%) and reduced EF (30%-50%). Using multivariable logistic regression and cox proportional hazards regression, we determined relations of EF category with procedural safety (a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke and urgent coronary artery bypass grafting within 30 days of PCI) and target lesion failure (TLF; comprising cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization within 1 year of PCI) respectively. In sensitivity analyses, we regrouped patients into EF < 45% and ≥55% and repeated the aforementioned analyses. RESULTS: In 1685 patients with normal EF (mean age 65 years; 27% women; mean EF 61%) and 259 with low EF (mean age 64 years; 17% women; mean EF 41%), 101 safety and 148 TLF events occurred. Compared with patients in the normal EF group, those with reduced EF had neither a statistically significant higher proportion of safety events, nor a higher multivariable-adjusted risk for such events. Similarly, patients with reduced EF and normal EF did not differ in terms of TLF event proportions or multivariable-adjusted risk for TLF. The results were similar in sensitivity analyses with EF groups redefined to create a 10% between-group EF separation. CONCLUSION: PCI safety and durability outcomes are similar in patients with mild-moderately reduced EF and normal EF.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Morte
16.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 231, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced communication in end-of-life care (EOL) improves preparation and treatment decisions for patients with advanced cancer, affecting their quality of life at the end of life. Question prompt list (QPL) has been shown to enhance physician-patient communication in patients with cancer, but there is a lack of systematic review and meta-analysis for those with advanced cancer. Enhanced communication in end-of-life care improves preparation and treatment decisions for patients with advanced cancer, affecting their quality of life at the end of life. OBJECTIVE: To review the effectiveness of QPL intervention on physician-patient communication and health outcomes during consultation in patients with advanced cancer. METHODS: CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, and PsycINFO databases were undertaken using inclusion criteria for relevant articles up to August 2021. Pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using random-effects models. We used the Cochrane risk-of-bias assessment tool and modified Jadad scale to assess the quality of the studies. RESULTS: Seven RCTs with 1059 participants were included, of which six studies were eligible for the meta-analysis. The pooled meta-analysis results indicated that QPL in patients with advanced cancer had a significant positive effect on the total number of questions asked (SMD, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.28 to 1.18; I2 = 83%) and on the patients' expectations for the future (SMD, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.08 to 1.25; I2 = 88%). There were no significant improvements in health-related outcomes such as end of life, anxiety, and quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Using QPL in advanced cancer consultations boosts patient questions which helps communication but not health-related indicators. Optimal results depend on full reading, but timing varies. Future research should examine the relationship between communication and health outcomes, including patient/physician behavior and social context.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Participação do Paciente , Comunicação , Neoplasias/terapia , Morte , Relações Médico-Paciente
17.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 721, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Filial piety, as a major traditional norm in Chinese culture and in Chinese families, affects the attitudes and behaviors of adult children toward their parents and impacts their end-of-life decision-making and the quality of death of their parents. Death literacy is a novel concept aimed at promoting palliative care in the context of public health. AIMS: To understand attitudes and behaviors related to filial piety and to examine the role of death literacy in filial behaviors toward dying parents among residents in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area of China. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey that employed the convenient and snowball sampling methods was adopted. Filial Piety Representations at Parents' End of Life Scale and Death Literacy Index were used. RESULTS: This study identified a significant gap between the filial piety attitudes and behaviors of Chinese adult children. Gender, caregiving experience and death literacy were predictors of filial behaviors in an end-of-life context. CONCLUSION: Providing truth disclosure support, offering guidance to young adult children and caregivers of terminally ill fathers, and strengthening factual and community knowledge of death are necessary to enhance the reciprocal comfort of both adult children and dying parents in the context of Chinese filiality.


Assuntos
Morte , Alfabetização , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Hong Kong , Macau , Estudos Transversais , China
18.
J Korean Med Sci ; 39(8): e75, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the mortality rates of patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to analyze the relationship between COVID-19 and clinical outcomes for patients receiving ECMO. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated patients with COVID-19 pneumonia requiring ECMO in 19 hospitals across Korea from January 1, 2020 to August 31, 2021. The primary outcome was the 90-day mortality after ECMO initiation. We performed multivariate analysis using a logistic regression model to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of 90-day mortality. Survival differences were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier (KM) method. RESULTS: Of 127 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia who received ECMO, 70 patients (55.1%) died within 90 days of ECMO initiation. The median age was 64 years, and 63% of patients were male. The incidence of ECMO was increased with age but was decreased after 70 years of age. However, the survival rate was decreased linearly with age. In multivariate analysis, age (OR, 1.048; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.010-1.089; P = 0.014) and receipt of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) (OR, 3.069; 95% CI, 1.312-7.180; P = 0.010) were significantly associated with an increased risk of 90-day mortality. KM curves showed significant differences in survival between groups according to age (65 years) (log-rank P = 0.021) and receipt of CRRT (log-rank P = 0.004). CONCLUSION: Older age and receipt of CRRT were associated with higher mortality rates among patients with COVID-19 who received ECMO.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Feminino , COVID-19/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Morte , Fatores de Risco
19.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6301, 2024 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491111

RESUMO

The clinical impact of different polymer technologies in newer-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs) for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS) remains poorly understood. We investigated the efficacy and safety of durable polymer DESs (DP-DESs) compared with biodegradable polymer DESs (BP-DESs). A total of 620 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with newer-generation DESs for AMI complicated by CS was divided into two groups based on polymer technology: the DP-DES group (n = 374) and the BP-DES group (n = 246). The primary outcome was target vessel failure (TVF) during a 12-month follow-up, defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization. Both the DP-DES and BP-DES groups exhibited low stent thrombosis rates (1.3% vs. 1.6%, p = 0.660). The risk of TVF did not significantly differ between the two groups (34.2% vs. 28.5%, hazard ratio [HR] 0.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.69-1.29, p = 0.721). This finding remained consistent after adjustment with inverse probability of treatment weighting (28.1% vs. 25.1%, HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.77-1.27, p = 0.899). In AMI patients complicated by CS, the risk of a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization was not significantly different between those treated with DP-DESs and those treated with BP-DESs.Trial registration: RESCUE registry, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02985008 , NCT02985008.


Assuntos
Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Implantes Absorvíveis , Morte , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Polímeros , Desenho de Prótese , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Choque Cardiogênico/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Cancer Med ; 13(4): e7057, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inpatient cost for cancer patients is high during the last year of life, but reasons for this are not understood. We aim to understand the type of hospital admissions and inpatient services associated with an increase in inpatient cost in last year of life. METHODS: We used survey and billing records of 439 deceased patients with a solid metastatic cancer, enrolled in a prospective cohort study. Based on cost per day of inpatient admissions, we classified admissions as low- or high-intensity. We decomposed the inpatient cost into cost for different inpatient services. We examined the inpatient cost in the last year of life. We also assessed patient characteristics associated with higher inpatient cost in the next 3 months. RESULTS: Towards death, proportion of inpatient cost for "maintenance care" increased while that for intensive care unit (ICU) and surgeries decreased. Low-intensity, compared to high-intensity admissions had a higher proportion of cost for "maintenance care" and a lower proportion for surgeries and ICU. Number of low-intensity admissions increased more steeply towards death than high-intensity admissions. Both admission types contributed equally to the share of inpatient cost. Older patients were less likely to have a high-intensity admission (ß:-0.01, CI: -0.02, 0.00). Greater preference for life extension (ß: 0.06, CI: 0.01, 0.11) and inaccurate prognostic belief were associated with higher cost of high-intensity admissions (ß: 0.32, CI: 0.03, 0.62). CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that inpatient costs in last year of life may be reduced if maintenance care is availed in low-cost settings such as hospice/palliative care alongside steps to reduce non-beneficial surgeries and ICU admissions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Assistência Terminal , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos , Hospitalização , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Morte , Estudos Retrospectivos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...