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1.
Zool Res ; 42(3): 280-286, 2021 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33855818

RESUMO

DNA studies of endangered or extinct species often rely on ancient or degraded remains. The majority of ancient DNA (aDNA) extraction protocols focus on skeletal elements, with skin and hair samples rarely explored. Similar to that found in bones and teeth, DNA extracted from historical or ancient skin and fur samples is also extremely fragmented with low endogenous content due to natural degradation processes. Thus, the development of effective DNA extraction methods is required for these materials. Here, we compared the performance of two DNA extraction protocols (commercial and custom laboratory aDNA methods) on hair and skin samples from decades-old museum specimens to Iron Age archaeological material. We found that apart from the impact sample-specific taphonomic and handling history has on the quantity and quality of DNA preservation, skin yielded more endogenous DNA than hair of the samples and protocols tested. While both methods recovered DNA from ancient soft tissue, the laboratory method performed better overall in terms of DNA yield and quality, which was primarily due to the poorer performance of the commercial binding buffer in recovering aDNA.


Assuntos
DNA Antigo/análise , Cães , Presbytini , Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária , Manejo de Espécimes/veterinária , Animais , Museus , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos
2.
Zootaxa ; 4908(3): zootaxa.4908.3.1, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756609

RESUMO

A key to the members of the subfamily Opilioninae is presented, including the genus Homolophus. That same genus is briefly reviewed, diagnosed, and redescribed based upon a study of approximately half of the described species. Many older museum specimens from the Zoological Institute (Saint-Petersburg, Russia) were identified and all species present were redescribed. A list of the 29 currently accepted species (all from Northeastern and Central Asia) is presented along with a list of another four species that their validity and proper inclusion in the genus are questioned (still need to be investigated extensively). Descriptions and redescriptions with many illustrations are presented for two new species and 15 previously described species of Homolophus: H. albofasciatus (Kulczynski, 1901); H. almasyi (Roewer, 1911); H. andreevae Starega Snegovaya, 2008; H. arcticus Banks, 1893; H. asiaticus (Gricenko, 1979a); H. betpakdalensis (Gricenko, 1976); H. charitonovi (Gricenko, 1972); H. chemerisi Starega Snegovaya, 2008; H. chevrizovi Starega Snegovaya, 2008; H. gobiensis Tsurusaki, Tchemeris Logunov, 2000; H. kozlovi sp. nov.; H. martensi (Starega, 1986); H. milkoi sp. nov.; H. nordenskioeldi (L. Koch, 1879a); H. pallens (Kulczynski, 1901); H. silhavyi Starega Snegovaya, 2008; H. tibetanus (Roewer, 1911); H. vladimirae (Silhavý, 1967). New country distributional records are detailed for nine species, not including those for the two new species. Three new combinations with Homolophus (H. almasyi, H. asiaticus, H. charitonovi) are recognized for Opilio almasyi Roewer, 1911, Opilio asiaticus Gricenko, 1979a, and Globipes charitonovi Gricenko, 1972.


Assuntos
Aracnídeos , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Museus
3.
Zootaxa ; 4908(2): zootaxa.4908.2.4, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756622

RESUMO

The type material of Australian Anoplognathini (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) housed in Swedish natural history collections is reviewed, concerning three genera: Anoplognathus Leach, 1815, Amblyterus MacLeay, 1819, and Repsimus MacLeay, 1819. The species were described by G.J. Billberg, J.W. Dalman, L. Gyllenhal, C.J. Schönherr, O. Swartz, and C.P. Thunberg. The contemporary type material of W.S. MacLeay in the Macleay Museum, Sydney, is also examined as it has been overlooked by previous researchers. In total, type specimens for 12 species described between 1817 and 1822 were found in the Naturhistoriska Riksmuseet in Stockholm the Evolutionsmuseet in Uppsala and the Macleay Museum. Five of these species are valid: Anoplognathus brunnipennis, (Gyllenhal, 1817); A. olivieri (Schönherr Dalman, 1817); A. porosus (Dalman, 1817); Amblyterus cicatricosus (Gyllenhal, 1817); and Repsimus manicatus (Swartz, 1817). The other seven species are junior synonyms, as follows (senior synonym first): A. brunnipennis = Rutela chloropyga Thunberg, 1822 (new synonym); A. olivieri = Rutela lacunosa Thunberg, 1822 (new synonym); A. viridiaeneus (Donovan, 1805) = A. latreillei (Schönherr Gyllenhal, 1817); A. viriditarsus Leach, 1815 = Rutela analis Dalman, 1817; and R. manicatus = Anoplognathus brownii W.J. MacLeay, 1819 = A. dytiscoides W. J. MacLeay, 1819 = Rutela ruficollis Thunberg, 1822 (new synonym). Authorship of A. latreillei and A. olivieri is corrected, as noted above. Anoplognathus brunnipennis has been misidentified for the last 60 years at least, leading to the synonymy noted above. Anoplognathus flavipennis Boisduval, 1835 (revised status), is reinstated as the oldest available name for the misidentified A. brunnipennis and the types of A. flavipennis in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, are illustrated. Lectotypes are designated for: Anoplognathus brownii, A. flavipennis, A. dytiscoides, Melolontha cicatricosa, Rutela analis, R. brunnipennis, R. lacunosa, R. latreillei, R. manicata, R. olivieri, R. porosa, R. ruficollis, and R. chloropyga. Photographs of all type specimens examined are presented for the first time.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Austrália , Museus , Suécia
4.
Public Health ; 192: 68-71, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused unexpected disruption to the operation of many museums. However, the disruption also presents an opportunity for local museums to explore new modes of audience engagement that could also help to mitigate the negative health impact of COVID-19 through the imaginative use of technology. This article provides a snapshot of the various digital initiatives that were developed by museums in Singapore during the most challenging time of COVID-19 to exemplify the expanded role of museums as a public health resource. It will also offer a brief reflection on the challenges and benefits of curating wellbeing with digital technologies. STUDY DESIGN: A review of creative responses to COVID-19 by museums in Singapore. METHODS: Scoping search. RESULTS: Several local museums have stepped up efforts to support the wellbeing of people by exploring possibilities with digital virtual platforms. Their swift response to develop online contents following an abrupt closure due to the pandemic exemplifies the caring role of museums in offering people a much-needed respite from social isolation by connecting and interacting with others from a safe distance. Moving forward, it is also important for the museums to be mindful of the barriers that digital virtual platforms might present; since access to technology differs amongst population groups, as do digital competency, and literacy. Museums can benefit from further partnerships with sector experts and organisations to learn about the needs and challenges of different groups in future planning and design. This will help them to gather a holistic overview and help ensure inclusionary strategy and practice. CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 has challenged museums to adapt their programme and keep the public engaged through virtual programmes on online spaces. Online initiatives have offered opportunities for people to remain socially active and meaningfully engaged despite the stringent measures imposed in response to the viral situation. Postpandemic, we can continue to anticipate a highly connected and inclusive society brought together by virtual technologies.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Imaginação , Museus , Isolamento Social/psicologia , /epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Saúde Pública , Singapura/epidemiologia
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1117-1119, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787104

RESUMO

Based on the investigation of wild medicinal plant resources in Dexing city, Jiangxi province, and the collected plant specimens, which were identified by taxonomy, two new record species of geographical distribution were found, which are Meehania zheminensis A. Takano, Pan Li & G.-H. Xia and Corydalis huangshanensis L.Q.Huang & H.S.Peng. The voucher specimens are kept in Dexing museum of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the new distribution species were reported, which provides valuable information for further enriching and supplementing the species diversity of medicinal plant resources in Jiangxi province.


Assuntos
Corydalis , Lamiaceae , Plantas Medicinais , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Museus
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33478177

RESUMO

This research developed a sturdy theoretical framework that offers a better comprehension regarding customer approach intentions for eco-friendly museum products. Using a quantitative process, the apparent role of ecological value, connectedness to nature, social pressure, pro-environmental reputation was explored. Data quality testing demonstrated the validity of the construct measures. The critical mediating nature of customer-product relationship quality and feeling of pride was unveiled by conducting a structural analysis. In addition, the feeling of pride was a prominent factor determining sacrifice, visit, pay, and word of mouth (WOM) intentions. Social pressure played a major role in building relationship quality, whereas pro-environmental reputation was a key contributor to increase the feeling of pride. The model contained a strong prediction power for intentions. Results of this study contribute to enriching the extant knowledge regarding customer pro-environmental decision-making process, which is helpful for an eco-friendly museum and its success.


Assuntos
Intenção , Museus , Conhecimento
7.
mBio ; 12(1)2021 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436435

RESUMO

Despite being nearly 10 months into the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic, the definitive animal host for SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), the causal agent of COVID-19, remains unknown. Unfortunately, similar problems exist for other betacoronaviruses, and no vouchered specimens exist to corroborate host species identification for most of these pathogens. This most basic information is critical to the full understanding and mitigation of emerging zoonotic diseases. To overcome this hurdle, we recommend that host-pathogen researchers adopt vouchering practices and collaborate with natural history collections to permanently archive microbiological samples and host specimens. Vouchered specimens and associated samples provide both repeatability and extension to host-pathogen studies, and using them mobilizes a large workforce (i.e., biodiversity scientists) to assist in pandemic preparedness. We review several well-known examples that successfully integrate host-pathogen research with natural history collections (e.g., yellow fever, hantaviruses, helminths). However, vouchering remains an underutilized practice in such studies. Using an online survey, we assessed vouchering practices used by microbiologists (e.g., bacteriologists, parasitologists, virologists) in host-pathogen research. A much greater number of respondents permanently archive microbiological samples than archive host specimens, and less than half of respondents voucher host specimens from which microbiological samples were lethally collected. To foster collaborations between microbiologists and natural history collections, we provide recommendations for integrating vouchering techniques and archiving of microbiological samples into host-pathogen studies. This integrative approach exemplifies the premise underlying One Health initiatives, providing critical infrastructure for addressing related issues ranging from public health to global climate change and the biodiversity crisis.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Doenças Transmissíveis/patologia , História Natural/normas , Zoonoses/patologia , Animais , Biodiversidade , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , /virologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/parasitologia , Doenças Transmissíveis/virologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Museus/normas , /fisiologia , Manejo de Espécimes , Zoonoses/microbiologia , Zoonoses/parasitologia , Zoonoses/virologia
8.
Anesthesiology ; 134(1): 11-14, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152754

RESUMO

Pioneering anesthesiologists Paul Wood, M.D., and Arthur Guedel, M.D., were Hoosiers who migrated from America's Heartland to opposite coasts. Dr. Wood moved east to New York in 1913; Dr. Guedel, west to California in 1928. By 1962, each pioneer had been honored with a namesake anesthesia museum. Fast-forwarding 55 yr, two young anesthesia historians, California's Jane Moon, M.D., and Pennsylvania's Melissa Coleman, M.D., met at the 2017 International Symposium of the History of Anesthesia in Boston. Today, these women are chairs of the Wood Library-Museum's Archives and Museum Committees, respectively. As the newest authors of "Anesthesiology Reflections," Drs. Coleman and Moon leave their coastal states semiannually for board meetings at the Wood Library-Museum of Anesthesiology, returning as legacies of Drs. Wood and Guedel…back to the American Heartland.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Museus
9.
Asclepio ; 72(2): 0-0, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-199292

RESUMO

La formación de colecciones de restos humanos de distintas "razas", hacia fines del siglo XIX y comienzos del XX, se asoció con la elaboración de un corpus documental que permitiese acreditar la autenticidad de los especímenes. En estos archivos constan datos individuales, como la procedencia, sexo, edad y el nombre, pero también sobre el colector o donante. A partir de las prácticas materiales y textuales efectuadas sobre una joven indígena Aché por el antropólogo alemán Robert Lehmann-Nitsche (1872-1938), jefe de la Sección Antropológica del Museo de La Plata (Argentina), este trabajo analiza las distintas estrategias para otorgar valor epistemológico al cuerpo indígena y la autoridad científica del propio investigador. Se discute además cómo algunas prácticas estuvieron inspiradas en instrucciones escritas o no escritas, pero a veces las motivaciones personales condujeron a interrumpir los procedimientos de producción de objetos de estudio, dejando "silencios" que solo recientemente pueden ser interpretados a la luz de los cuestionamientos que existen sobre los museos que albergan restos humanos


The organization of collections of human remains of different "races", during the end of the XIX century and the beginning of the XX century, was associated with archival work that enabled to certificate the authenticity of the specimens. These files contain individual data, such as the origin, sex, age and name, but also data about the collector or donor. This study analyses the different material and textual strategies carried out on a young Aché indigenous woman by the German anthropologist Robert Lehmann-Nitsche (1872-1938), responsible of the Sección Antropológica of the Museo de La Plata (Argentina); strategies through which the anthropologist built the epistemological value of the indigenous body and his own scientific authority. We also discuss how certain practices were inspired in written and non-written instructions, but sometimes personal motivations interrupted procedures for elaborate scientific objects, leaving "silences" that can only recently be interpreted in light of the claims existing over museums that house human remains


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Índios Sul-Americanos/história , Exposições Científicas , Restos Mortais , Antropologia , Museus , Argentina
11.
Zootaxa ; 4895(1): zootaxa.4895.1.2, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311052

RESUMO

Natural history museum collections can be a helpful tool in documenting changes in biodiversity throughout decades or even centuries. This article uncovers information on the content of three different museum collections, collected over 100 years. It deepens the knowledge on the distribution of pyraloid moth species occurring predominantly in the Continental parts of Croatia, but also in other areas of this country.                The article presents the first published listing of pyraloid moth species held in three museum collections of the Croatian Natural History Museum in Zagreb. The list contains 148 taxa in total, 61 from the Igalffy collection, 96 from the Koca collection, and 96 from the Kucinic collection. Altogether, 96 species from the family Crambidae and 52 species from the family Pyralidae are listed.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Animais , Biodiversidade , Croácia , Museus , História Natural
12.
Zootaxa ; 4883(1): zootaxa.4883.1.1, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311297

RESUMO

The Natural History Museum, London, houses of one of the largest insect collections in the world including several hundred specimens of the small lacewing family Osmylidae. Herein we provide the complete label information, specimen condition, locality and habitus pictures of the Osmylidae primary types of the Natural History Museum, with some historical information about the specimens.


Assuntos
Holometábolos , Museus , Animais , Insetos , Londres , História Natural
13.
Zootaxa ; 4881(1): zootaxa.4881.1.3, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311128

RESUMO

An illustrated catalogue of the Palaearctic types of Cleptes species and subspecies described by Walter Linsenmaier is given. All types are currently housed at the Natur-Museum, Luzern, Switzerland. Cleptes laevifacies Linsenmaier, 1999 is confirmed as a member of  the nitidulus species group.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Museus
14.
Zootaxa ; 4878(1): zootaxa.4878.1.7, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311171

RESUMO

The species belonging to Reuteria Puton 1875 present in Lodos Entomological Museum, Turkey (LEMT) are reviewed. Up to now, only Reuteria marqueti Puton 1875 and R. winkelmanni Günther Strauss 2018 had been recorded from Turkey. In this study, Reuteria riegeri torosensis ssp. n., R. atalayi sp. n. and R. serratis sp. n. are described as new subspecies and species and from Turkey, respectively. Presence of R. marqueti in Turkey is discussed and considered as doubtful. Consequently, total number of Reuteria species known from Turkey rises to four. Additionally, unknown female of R. winkelmanni is described and illustrated, and an identification key for Reuteria species of Turkey is presented.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Museus , Turquia
15.
Zootaxa ; 4868(4): zootaxa.4868.4.6, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311383

RESUMO

The current condition of the types of Bathypogon, described by Frank M. Hull 1956-1959, are listed. By his own admission, a portion of the material borrowed from the South Australian Museum was destroyed by "pests". Note is made that the holotype of Bathypogon microdonturus is missing and presumed destroyed. Additions are made to the published data based on data on the Type specimen labels. Photos of the hypandrium of some Bathypogon holotypes that reside in the SA Museum collection are provided.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Animais , Austrália , Museus , Austrália do Sul
16.
Przegl Epidemiol ; 74(2): 303-315, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115219

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: At the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum (A-BSM) actions have been undertaken to effectively protect employees and minimise risk of SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus spreading from the beginning of the COVID-19 epidemic. AIM OF THE ARTICLE: The aim was to present the actions, instructions and procedures introduced at the A-BSM to provide information how to deal with pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus in institutions taking care of cultural heritage before and after closure of the Museum for visitors and after reopening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The described activities were developed at the Museum by a specially established Expert Team. RESULTS: Groups of employees and places in which they were most exposed to contact with visitors and, as a consequence, at the highest risk of getting infected, were characterised. The employees were provided with personal protective equipment, and at the Museum site, devices essential for maintaining the microbiological cleanliness of the rooms, were placed. In the next stage, instructions and procedures for particular groups of employees were prepared. Visitors were educated about the need of taking precautions and were allowed to disinfect in several places at the Memorial Site. Steps to reduce attendance at this time has also been taken. Procedures for employees of the A-BSM were developed in such way that they can also be used after reopening of the Museum for visitors. CONCLUSIONS: The actions which ensured the microbiological safety of the A-BSM employees, brought satisfying results. In more than 21 days after closing of the Museum for visitors, no cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection or COVID-19 were found among employees, despite a very high threat.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Museus/organização & administração , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Primária/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Polônia , Desenvolvimento de Programas
17.
Zootaxa ; 4775(1): zootaxa.4775.1.1, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055597

RESUMO

This is an annotated checklist of the marine fish species of Lebanon (Levant coast, eastern Mediterranean). It comprises a total of 367 fish species distributed in 159 families and 27 orders, out of which 70 species are non-indigenous and 28 are recorded for the first time from Lebanon. The checklist includes all names and citations of species found in the literature, as well as references to specimens available in museum collections. It also includes an updated zoogeographic distribution and conservation status for each species. Threats were estimated based on surveys and observations made over the last two decades; broadly categorized conservation actions were also suggested.


Assuntos
Peixes , Animais , Líbano , Museus
18.
Zootaxa ; 4780(2): zootaxa.4780.2.11, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055752

RESUMO

To stabilise nomenclature in its prevailing usage, the authors designate three lectotypes, respectively for the nominal taxa Pontia daplidice race nitida Verity, 1908 (Museo di Storia naturale della Università di Firenze, sezione di Zoologia, 'La Specola' MZUF), for Euchloe crameri Butler, 1869 (Natural History Museum UK, NHMUK) and for Euchloe ausonia var. esperi Kirby, 1871 (National Museum of Ireland, NMI). They also designate two neotypes, respectively for [Papilio] ausonia Hübner, [1804] (MZUF) and for Pontia simplonia Freyer, 1829 (Jura Museum, Eichstätt, JME).


Assuntos
Borboletas , Animais , Museus
19.
Zootaxa ; 4790(2): zootaxa.4790.2.1, 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055838

RESUMO

Portugal is home to a rich but understudied bee fauna that was recently comprehensively documented for the first time. As part of ongoing work to improve the knowledge of Portuguese bees, efforts have been made to survey poorly recorded parts of the country and to continue to review existing material in museum collections. These efforts have resulted in 28 species newly discovered in Portugal, as well as eight species added from the literature and two taxa recently raised to full species status. Three additional species, Andrena (Lepidandrena) baetica spec. nov., Andrena (Micrandrena) omnilaevis spec. nov., and Andrena (Notandrena) foeniculae spec. nov. are described from material collected in southern Iberia, north-western Iberia, and southern Iberia, respectively. Andrena omnilaevis spec. nov. is the new name for north-western Iberian material previously identified as Andrena (Micrandrena) semilaevis Pérez. The male of Stelis hispanica Dusmet, previously only known from the holotype female, was also found and is described here. The taxon Andrena (Melandrena) limata mixtura Warncke has been various treated as a subspecies of A. limata Smith or A. nitida Müller. Examination of the holotype from Portugal shows that it actually belongs in its original combination Andrena limata comb. nov., and that true A. nitida is not present in Portugal. Seven additional species have been removed from the total due to misidentification or uncertainty. We also present discussion on the status of species complexes present in Portugal, and review species doubtfully recorded from the country. Altogether, this work increases the number of bee species recorded from mainland Portugal from 680 to 712, and to 722 for the country as a whole when including the faunas of the Madeira and Azores archipelagos.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Himenópteros , Animais , Abelhas , Feminino , Masculino , Museus , Portugal
20.
Zootaxa ; 4809(2): zootaxa.4809.2.5, 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055938

RESUMO

The Hemimetabola Collection of the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung, located in Berlin, Germany, holds types of 22 species of Triatominae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Reduviidae) belonging to six genera: Belminus Stål, 1859; Eratyrus Stål, 1859; Meccus Stål, 1859; Panstrongylus Berg, 1879; Rhodnius Stål, 1859; and Triatoma Laporte, 1832. We present a detailed list containing nomenclatural, taxonomic and label data, and photographs of specimens and their labels.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Triatominae , Animais , Berlim , Museus
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