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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130586, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311229

RESUMO

In this study, the gluten/zein nanofibrous films were fabricated by blending electrospinning and then glycated with xylose via Maillard reaction. The average fiber diameter of the gluten film decreased from 551 to 343 nm with the increasing ratio of zein, but increased significantly to a range of 717-521 nm after glycation, which induced a higher thermal stability of the nanofibers with an order to disorder transition. The glycated composite films showed the reduced water vapor permeability and improved water stability with a stiffer and more elastic network structure, due to the enhanced intermolecular entanglements and interactions between polymer chains. The results from this work suggested that the composite gluten/zein electrospun films may be glycated via Maillard reaction to obtain desirable physical properties for active food-packaging applications.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Zeína , Embalagem de Alimentos , Glutens , Polímeros
2.
Talanta ; 236: 122880, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635260

RESUMO

A novel aptamer-functionalized metal-organic framework nanofibrous composite (viz. PAN/UiO@UiO2-N3-aptamer) with a high aptamer coverage density was proposed based on the electrospinning and seeded growth method, and used for specific affinity recognition of trace Microcystin-LR (MC-LR). Heterobifunctional ligand was used to modify the metal-organic framework nanoparticles (MOF NPs) surface, which could passivate the MOF surface with respect to unmodified DNA, followed by coupling massive aptamers on MOF of the solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber using click chemistry. Characterizations including morphology, spectra analysis, mechanical stability, binding capacity and specificity were fulfilled. Applied to the analysis of MC-LR, the good selective and sensitive recognition were obtained with the detection limit as low as 0.003 ng/mL, which was better than most non-specific SPME or solid-phase extraction (SPE) protocols. The stability and reproducibility were acceptable, and the intra-day, inter-day and column-to-column relative standard deviations (RSDs) for the recovery of MC-LR were gained in the range from 2.5% to 14.3%, respectively. Satisfactory recoveries of MC-LR in environmental water samples were measured as 96.3 ± 4.7% - 98.9 ± 2.7% (n = 3) in tap water, 94.4 ± 2.5% - 96.1 ± 3.5% (n = 3) in pond water, and 97.0 ± 2.1% - 97.9 ± 3.1% (n = 3) in river water, respectively. This work demonstrated that the electrospun nanofibrous composite with massive aptamers would be a better alternative for ultra-trace MC-LR detection with good selectivity, matrix-resistance ability and high resolution.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanofibras , Toxinas Marinhas , Microcistinas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1183: 338972, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627531

RESUMO

A sensitive electrochemical method based on carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and bimetallic nanoparticles of dysprosium oxide (Dy2O3) and europium oxide (Eu2O3) was developed for the determination of papaverine in pharmaceuticals and human urine. Several electrodes were compared in respect to their electrochemically active surface area calculated as 0.0603, 0.1300, 0.3440, 0.3740 and 0.4990 cm2 for bare GCE, CNFs/GCE, Eu2O3-CNFs/GCE, Dy2O3-CNFs/GCE and Dy2O3@Eu2O3-CNFs/GCE, respectively. Electrodes were also compared in respect to their performance towards the voltammetric process of papaverine. The peak potential (Epa) of papaverine was 1.094 V, 0.993 V, 0.978 V, 0.969 V and 0.966 V at unmodified GCE, CNFs/GCE, Eu2O3-CNFs/GCE, Dy2O3-CNFs/GCE and Dy2O3@Eu2O3-CNFs/GCE, respectively. This indicated that the oxidation peak potential of papaverine shifted gradually towards the negative potentials and the peak current increased gradually from unmodified GCE to CNFs/GCE, Eu2O3-CNFs/GCE, Dy2O3-CNFs/GCE and Dy2O3@Eu2O3-CNFs/GCE. The influence of experimental parameters such as scan rate and pH on the voltammetry of papaverine was studied. The Dy2O3@Eu2O3-CNFs/GCE system presented a dynamic working range between 1.0 × 10-7 and 2.0 × 10-6 M with a detection limit of 1.0 × 10-8 M for papaverine. The platform (Dy2O3@Eu2O3-CNFs/GCE) exhibited excellent sensitivity and selectivity for papaverine in the presence of uric acid and was successfully applied for determining papaverine in pharmaceuticals and urine samples.


Assuntos
Carbono , Nanofibras , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Humanos , Papaverina
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125964, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492876

RESUMO

An ideal way to boost the selectivity of sensing materials is that improving the sensitivity of the target gas while suppressing that of other interfering ones. Here, the "screening behavior" of the Li doped WO3 nanofibers (Li/WO3 NFs) have been discovered in suppressing the response from interfering gases, while elevating the H2S sensing response. Beneficially, the H2S response of Li/WO3 NFs sensor prototype is three times (Ra / Rg = 64@10 ppm) as high as that of the pristine WO3 ones (Ra / Rg = 21@10 ppm) at ~75% relative humidity and 260 °C. Moreover, Li/WO3 NFs sensor prototype presents the detection limit as low as 100 ppb. Particularly, the Li/WO3 NFs sensors detect simulated halitosis breath, of which the accuracy is comparable with gas chromatography. Theoretically, the decrease of the responses of Li/WO3 NFs to interfering gases is ascribed to the enhancement of the adsorption of water molecules by Li dopant. While the improved response to H2S is attributed to stronger adsorption of H2S and WO3 and to the increased defect oxygen. The "screening behavior" of Li doped into WO3 NFs provides a new strategy that might improve the selectivity of other gas sensing.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Gases , Lítio , Óxidos , Oxigênio
5.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112264, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474823

RESUMO

Injectable self-healing hydrogels of natural polysaccharides that mimic the extracellular matrix to promote cellular growth are attractive materials for wound healing. Here, a novel hydrogel was fabricated based on carboxymethyl chitosan (CS) and aldehyde functionalized sodium alginate via Schiff base reaction. To enhance the hydrogel's properties, carboxymethyl-functionalized polymethyl methacrylate (PMAA) short nanofibers were obtained through sodium hydroxide-treated polymethyl methacrylate nanofibers, and added to a CS solution. Gelation time was determined for different hydrogels including 0-5 mg/mL PMAA short nanofibers. The nanofiber hydrogels were tested for their injectability and self-healing abilities and were demonstrated to be easily injectable with excellent self-healing abilities. Additionally, in vitro cytocompatibility experiments, good interaction between the cultured cells and hydrogels was seen. Further, the polysaccharide hydrogel containing short PMMA nanofibers significantly facilitated wound healing in rats compared with the polysaccharide hydrogel and control groups. Thus, the developed hydrogel has great potential for wound healing applications.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanofibras , Alginatos , Animais , Hidrogéis , Polissacarídeos , Ratos , Cicatrização
6.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112270, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474829

RESUMO

Glucose determination is one of the most common analyses in clinical chemistry. Employing biosensors for this purpose has become the method of choice for home use for diabetic patients. To limit the impact of dissolved O2 concentration or possible interferences (known hindrances in the classical glucose detection approach), a variety of mediated pathways have been explored. Herein, an ingenious, facile and low-cost approach for immobilization of redox mediator within nanofibrous mats is presented. This '2nd generation' biosensor is able to avoid common issues such as leaching or diffusion barriers whilst providing the necessary close contact between the enzyme and the redox shuttle, for enhancing the detection accuracy and accelerate the response. Polyacrylonitrile nanofibers loaded with carbon nanotubes and ferrocene (PAN/Fc/MWCNT-COOH NFs) have been successfully prepared and applied as biosensing matrices upon cross-linking of glucose oxidase (GOD). The morphology of the NFs was investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDX) and correlated to the kinetics of mediated electron transfer and to the efficiency in glucose detection, which were evaluated through cyclic voltammetry (CV) and amperometric measurements. The content of Fc was varied from 0.5 to 5.0 wt%, with optimum biosensor performance at 1.0 wt% exhibiting a linear range up to 8.0 × 10-3 M with sensitivity of ~27.1 mAM-1 cm-2 and 4.0 µM LOD. Excellent stability (RSD 2.68%) during 40 consecutive measurements along with insignificant interference and accurate recovery in real sample analysis (~100%) make for a very reliable sensor that can easily render itself to miniaturization and has the potential for a wide range of practical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanofibras , Nanotubos de Carbono , Enzimas Imobilizadas , Glucose , Glucose Oxidase , Humanos , Metalocenos
7.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112319, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474870

RESUMO

Chronic wounds are highly susceptible to bacterial infections. Previously, we loaded a natural antimicrobial peptide of low cost and high safety, ε-polylysine (EPL), into the electrospun nanofiber mat of starch. The mat showed comparable antibacterial activity but markedly better biocompatibility than the commercial silver-containing dressing. To further optimize material property, in this paper, we use hyaluronic acid (HA) to replace starch. Results show that EPL-loaded HA nanofiber mats (OHA-EPL) have suitable water vapor permeability, good biocompatibility and broad-spectrum antibacterial property similar to that of EPL-loaded starch nanofiber mat (Starch-EPL). Differently, the content of EPL in OHA-EPL nanofiber mats increases from 19.2% to 27.9%, the tensile strength rises from 0.3 MPa to 0.6 MPa, the elongation grows from 62.0% to 130.0%, and the fiber degradation and EPL release accelerates. In addition, OHA-EPL can absorb up to 26.3-times exudate, which is much higher than Starch-EPL (15.1 times). Combined with the excellent biological activity of HA, OHA-EPL may produce better therapeutic effects than Starch-EPL.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bandagens , Ácido Hialurônico , Proteínas Citotóxicas Formadoras de Poros , Prata
8.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112321, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474872

RESUMO

The topographic surface conditions of scaffolds can regulate cellular behaviours, such as by stimulating cellular migration and morphological changes to wound sites and have the potential to promote tissue regeneration. In this research, four types of engineered topographic surfaces, including arrays of hemisphere, pyramid, semi-cylinder, and triangle prism microstructures, were patterned on silicon moulds using microfabrication processes. The microstructural patterns were transferred onto the surface of polycaprolactone membranes and nanofibrous scaffolds by combining with the moulding approach and electrospinning technique, respectively. In vitro experimental results demonstrated that the triangular microstructural nanofibre provided a strong guiding performance to the filopodia of cultured C2C12 myoblast cells, thus inducing cellular elongation and alignment in the longitudinal direction and forming an elongated cell morphology. The cultured cells rapidly transitioned into an elongated morphology at an aspect ratio of 17.33 after 24 h of incubation, with 70% of the cell elongates aligning with the direction of triangular microstructural patterns. The cells cultured on the triangular microstructural nanofibre elongated four-fold compared with those in the flat nanofibre scaffold. Moreover, an in vivo study showed that wounds treated with the triangular microstructural nanofibre scaffold achieved 95.04% wound closure after 14 days and completed the reepithelialisation with an ordered collagen arrangement. Therefore, we believe that the engineered triangular nanofibrous scaffold may accelerate tissue regeneration and has potential for wound healing applications.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno , Poliésteres , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte , Cicatrização
9.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112334, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474885

RESUMO

Surgical sutures are the most widely used medical device in any surgical procedure worldwide. In this study, modified electrospinning technique has been used as manufacturing technique to produce nanofiber bundles twisted simultaneously to obtain nanofiber yarns. Taking the advantage of nanofiber yarns in terms of biomimetic structure, mechanical strength and handling properties, the material is chosen. Curcumin, a natural compound is incorporated to the nanofiber yarns by blend electrospinning technique for its anti-inflammatory, antibiotic and wound healing properties. The synthesized nanofiber yarns were characterized by various characterization techniques such as XRD, FTIR, SEM, Tensile testing, stem cell interaction, hemocompatibility, bacterial response, drug release profiling and in vivo studies. Curcumin loaded nanofiber yarns demonstrated sustained release with improved antibacterial, antiplatelet, cell migration and stem cell interaction in vitro. The results from skin inflammation animal model revealed that curcumin laden nanofiber yarn suture manifested reduced inflammation and cellularity. The three dimensional structure, adequate mechanical strength and biological properties of the nanofiber yarn provide naive environment for wound healing with the balanced degradation of suture material in rat model.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Ratos , Suturas , Cicatrização
10.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 128: 112342, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474892

RESUMO

Owing to the structural replication of native extracellular matrix, nonwoven mats of electrospun nanofibers have great potential for use in wound healing. Herein, we report the design and fabrication of a sandwich wound dressing to balance its antimicrobial activity and biocompatibility. This success mainly relies on the incorporation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) into electrospun nanofibers, together with the rational design of a sandwich structure for the dressing. The bottom layer was composed of hydrophilic nanofibers made from a blend of polycaprolactone (PCL) and gelatin (Gel). The top layer consisted of hydrophobic PCL nanofibers. AgNP-loaded PCL/Gel nanofibers were sandwiched between the two layers. When compared with a commercial silver sulfadiazine dressing, the designed wound dressing showed competitive antimicrobial properties, lower cell toxicity, and accelerated wound closure for mouse skin injury. By balancing the biocompatibility of electrospun nanofibers and the broad-spectrum antibacterial activity of AgNPs within a sandwich structure, the novel multifunctional wound dressing could be valuable for effective wound healing and related applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanofibras , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bandagens , Camundongos , Prata , Sulfadiazina de Prata/farmacologia , Sulfadiazina , Cicatrização
11.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500639

RESUMO

This paper presents the results of the first part of testing a novel electrospun fiber mat based on a unique macromolecule: polyisobutylene (PIB). A PIB-based compound containing zinc oxide (ZnO) was electrospun into self-supporting mats of 203.75 and 295.5 g/m2 that were investigated using a variety of techniques. The results show that the hydrophobic mats are not cytotoxic, resist fibroblast cell adhesion and biofilm formation and are comfortable and easy to breathe through for use as a mask. The mats show great promise for personal protective equipment and other applications.


Assuntos
Polienos/química , Polímeros/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Nanofibras/química , Óxido de Zinco/química
12.
Int J Pharm ; 608: 121074, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481888

RESUMO

Uncontrolled hemorrhage accounts for significant death risk both in trauma and surgery. Various bleeding control techniques have been emerged to augment hemostasis, which still has several limitations and drawbacks. In this study, epinephrine-entrapped chitosan nanoparticles were electrosprayed on a base pad and covered by a gelatin nanofiber layer (E-CS-Gl. Physico-chemical characteristics, hemocompatibility, cytotoxicity, and blood coagulation tests were studied in-vitro, and blood coagulation and hemostasis potential tests were performed in-vivo. The in-vitro results showed that the prepared nano-biomaterial is cytocompatible against HuGu cells. Also, hemocompatibility studies showed that PT and aPTT times did not change in comparison with the controls. Further blood coagulation study indicated that E-CS-Gl provides an ultimate interface to induce red blood cell absorption and aggregation, resulting in augmented blood coagulation. E-CS-Gl also caused rapid clotting in rat models of ruptured femoral artery and liver compared to controls. Findings exhibited that E-CS-Gl is a safe and effective hemostatic agent and provides a new approach for fast and safe hemorrhage control.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Nanofibras , Nanopartículas , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Epinefrina , Gelatina , Hemostasia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125897, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492835

RESUMO

Interconnected macro-porous cryogels with robust and pore-tunable structures have been fabricated using chemically crosslinked microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). Periodate oxidation was initially conducted to introduce aldehyde groups into the MFC surface, followed by the freeze-induced chemical crosslinking via the formation of hemiacetal bonds between aldehyde and hydroxyl at -12 °C. The cryogels with pore-tunable structures and sharply enhanced mechanical strengths were finally achieved by re-assembly of MFCs through soaking in NaIO4 solution. Furthermore, the MFC cryogels were post-crosslinked by polyethyleneimine (PEI), bestowing the cryogels with the capability of adsorbing anionic dyes. The stress of the PEI-MFC cryogel at the 80% strain was determined to be 304.5 kPa, which is the maximum value for the nanocellulose-based cryogels reported so far. Finally, the adsorption performances of PEI-MFC cryogels for methyl orange (MO) were evaluated. Maximum adsorption capacity of 500 mg/g could be obtained by the Langmuir model, outperforming that of previous absorbent materials. Reuse experiments indicated that over 90% of adsorption capacity was retained after 6 cycles. Continuous clean-up experiments demonstrated excellent MO removal abilities of the PEI-MFC cryogel. This study shows that the novel, green strategy to fabricate the robust cryogel extends the practical applications of nanocellulose adsorbents for environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Criogéis , Nanofibras , Adsorção , Compostos Azo , Celulose , Corantes , Porosidade
14.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(9): 1192-1199, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523288

RESUMO

Objective: The properties and characteristics of different types of silk fibroin (SF) drug-loaded sustained-release carriers and their effects on the drug release behavior were reviewed, and the existing problems and development prospects of SF drug-loaded sustained-release carriers in tissue engineering drug delivery system were discussed. Methods: The literatures about drug-loaded SF sustained-release carriers in recent years were extensively consulted, and the types of sustained-release carriers, characteristics of drug release, range of applications, advantages and disadvantages, and solutions were summarized and analyzed. Results: At present, the SF drug-loaded sustained-release carriers are mainly divided into SF microparticles, SF scaffolds, SF membranes, SF hydrogels, SF nanofibers, SF sponges, and so on. These types of SF drug-loaded sustained-release carriers have their own advantages and problems, of which the most prominent problem is the burst release of drugs at the initial stage. While, the initial burst release of drugs can be effectively solved by improving the preparation process and adjusting the material ratio. Different types of drug-loaded sustained-release carriers can be prepared by combining different materials to achieve different application scopes and drug release behaviors under different conditions. Conclusion: SF is a good drug-loaded carrier for tissue engineering, the burst release of drugs at the initial stage can be solved by improving the preparation process and changing the material structure; through the combination of the advantages of various types of SF drug-loaded sustained-release carriers, it is expected to prepare SF drug-loaded sustained-release carriers that meet different clinical needs.


Assuntos
Fibroínas , Nanofibras , Portadores de Fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Seda , Engenharia Tecidual
15.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 16(25): 2269-2289, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569268

RESUMO

Aim: Fungal biofilms interfere with the wound healing processes. Henceforth, the study aims to fabricate a biomaterial-based nano-scaffold with the dual functionalities of wound healing and antibiofilm activity. Methods: Nanofibers comprising acacia gum, polyvinyl alcohol and inclusion complex of eugenol in ß-cyclodextrin (EG-NF) were synthesized using electrospinning. Antibiofilm studies were performed on Candida species, and the wound-healing activity was evaluated through an in vivo excision wound rat model. Results: The EG-NF potentially eradicated the mature biofilm of Candida species and their clinical isolates. Further, EG-NF also enhanced the re-epithelization and speed of wound healing in in vivo rat experiments. Conclusion: The study established the bifunctional applications of eugenol nanofibers as a transdermal substitute with antifungal potency.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Animais , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Eugenol , Goma Arábica , Álcool de Polivinil , Ratos
16.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 129: 112362, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579881

RESUMO

A double-nozzle electrospinning technique was adopted in the present study to yield a novel bifunctional wound dressing composed of curcumin (Cur) and surfactin (Sur)-loaded poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)-gelatin (Gel). To comprehensively unveil the effect of both composition and drug molecules on the applicability, different dressings composed of PCL, Gel, and combination of the polymers with the drug molecules were fabricated. Besides the physicochemical properties, the in vitro and in vivo biological properties of prepared wound dressings were assessed. The results showed that increasing in the Cur from 0 to 3% (w/w) and Sur from 0 to 0.2 mg/mL caused a decrease in the elastic modulus on the one hand. On the other hand, the tensile strength and elongation at break experienced an increase in their values. The wettability, swelling capacity, and degradation rate of PCL improved significantly when both Gel and the drug molecules had been added. The dressings encompassing Sur (0.2 mg/mL) exhibited an excellent antibacterial activity after 24 h (>99%). Moreover, a sustained release of Cur up to 14 days was obtained. The in vitro cell compatibility tests implied a desirable result for all dressings without taking the composition into consideration. To complement the in vitro studies, the PCL/0.2Sur-Gel/3%Cur dressing was further assessed in vivo and the results revealed a significant improvement in the healing rate compared to control groups proofing its great potential for accelerated wound healing applications.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Nanocompostos , Nanofibras , Bandagens , Curcumina/farmacologia , Poliésteres , Cicatrização
17.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 129: 112373, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579892

RESUMO

Due to the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, there is a large need for small diameter vascular grafts that cannot be fulfilled using autologous vessels. Although medium to large diameter synthetic vessels are in use, no suitable small diameter vascular graft has been developed due to the unique dynamic environment that exists in small vessels. To achieve long term patency, a successful tissue engineered vascular graft would need to closely match the mechanical properties of native tissue, be non-thrombotic and non-immunogenic, and elicit the proper healing response and undergo remodeling to incorporate into the native vasculature. Electrospinning presents a promising approach to the development of a suitable tissue engineered vascular graft. This review provides a comprehensive overview of the different polymers, techniques, and functionalization approaches that have been used to develop an electrospun tissue engineered vascular graft.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Nanofibras , Enxerto Vascular , Prótese Vascular , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte
18.
Nanoscale ; 13(37): 15743-15754, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528655

RESUMO

Extensive full-thickness skin defect lacks self-healing ability. Tissue engineering wound dressing is considered as the most promising approach to promote wound healing. In this study, a series of biocompatible and hemostatic nanofiber dressings were fabricated. Soy protein isolate (SPI) and poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) solutions were mixed in certain proportions for high-voltage electrospinning. The obtained products were coded as SPNF-n (n = 100, 80, 60 and 40, corresponding to the weight percentage of PLLA solution). We found that SPNF-n (n = 100, 80, 60 and 40) could facilitate the adhesion and spread of L929 cells. In particular, SPNF-80 was capable of promoting fibroblast proliferation and diminishing inflammation. Compared with the neat PLLA film (SPNF-100), the biosafety and hemostatic effect of SPNF-80 got significantly improved. The hemostatic effect of SPNF-80 was comparable with that of a commercial gelatin sponge. In vivo wound healing assay demonstrated that SPNF-80 could accelerate the wound healing process by enhancing vascularization, re-epithelization and collagen formation. In conclusion, our results reveal that SPNF-n has good biocompatibility and hemostatic effect, and exhibits great application potential in wound healing.


Assuntos
Hemostáticos , Nanofibras , Hemostáticos/farmacologia , Pele , Proteínas de Soja , Cicatrização
19.
Biomacromolecules ; 22(9): 3800-3809, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510907

RESUMO

Considering the growing use of cellulose in various applications, knowledge and understanding of its physical properties become increasingly important. Thermal conductivity is a key property, but its variation with porosity and density is unknown, and it is not known if such a variation is affected by fiber size and temperature. Here, we determine the relationships by measurements of the thermal conductivity of cellulose fibers (CFs) and cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) derived from commercial birch pulp as a function of pressure and temperature. The results show that the thermal conductivity varies relatively weakly with density (ρsample = 1340-1560 kg m-3) and that its temperature dependence is independent of density, porosity, and fiber size for temperatures in the range 80-380 K. The universal temperature and density dependencies of the thermal conductivity of a random network of CNFs are described by a third-order polynomial function (SI-units): κCNF = (0.0787 + 2.73 × 10-3·T - 7.6749 × 10-6·T2 + 8.4637 × 10-9·T3)·(ρsample/ρ0)2, where ρ0 = 1340 kg m-3 and κCF = 1.065·κCNF. Despite a relatively high degree of crystallinity, both CF and CNF samples show amorphous-like thermal conductivity, that is, it increases with increasing temperature. This appears to be due to the nano-sized elementary fibrils of cellulose, which explains that the thermal conductivity of CNFs and CFs shows identical behavior and differs by only ca. 6%. The nano-sized fibrils effectively limit the phonon mean free path to a few nanometers for heat conduction across fibers, and it is only significantly longer for highly directed heat conduction along fibers. This feature of cellulose makes it easier to apply in applications that require low thermal conductivity combined with high strength; the weak density dependence of the thermal conductivity is a particularly useful property when the material is subjected to high loads. The results for thermal conductivity also suggest that the crystalline structures of cellulose remain stable up to at least 0.7 GPa.


Assuntos
Celulose , Nanofibras , Porosidade , Temperatura , Condutividade Térmica
20.
Nanoscale ; 13(36): 15142-15150, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494635

RESUMO

Pathological stimuli-responsive self-assembly of peptide nanofibers enables selective accumulation of imaging agent cargos in the stimuli-rich regions of interest. It provides enhanced imaging signals, biocompatibility, and tumor/disease accessibility and retention, thereby promoting smart, precise, and sensitive tumor/disease imaging both in vitro and in vivo. Considering the remarkable significance and recent encouraging breakthroughs of self-assembled peptide nanofibers in tumor/disease diagnosis, this reivew is herein proposed. We emphasize the recent advances particularly in the past three years, and provide an outlook in this field.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Peptídeos
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