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1.
BMC Psychol ; 11(1): 7, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624541

RESUMO

The manuscript is based on the dispositional approach of employability, dispositional personality trait theories (dark triad, light triad, HEXACO honesty-humility), and reinforcement sensitivity theory. The facet-focused analysis allowed a more targeted interpretation of the results about the contribution of dark/light personalities and self-regulation for employability and a deeper understanding of practical implications. We analyzed the mediating effect of the behavioral activating system (BAS drive) on antisocial and prosocial traits in predicting employability. The convenient research sample consisted of 343 students. Participants completed: The short dark triad, light triad, honesty-humility, dispositional employability, and BIS/BAS. Dark traits explained 17.5% of work/career resilience, 12% of work identity, 6.4% of career motivation, and 6.6% of openness to changes at work. Narcissism explained 20% of work/career resilience. Prosocial traits explained 19.7% of work/career resilience, 16.8% of work identity, 11.8% of career motivation, and 5.3% of openness to changes at work. Modesty explained 10% of career motivation variance. BAS drive mediates predictions of employability by prosocial and antisocial traits. Demanding attention from others and focusing on making a good impression are effective tools for employability. Prosocial traits significant for BAS drive-activated participants (believing in the goodness of people and avoiding fraud and corruption) can be supported in organizations by providing career growth opportunities.


Assuntos
Personalidade , Autocontrole , Humanos , Motivação , Narcisismo , Reforço Psicológico , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial
2.
J Psychol ; 157(2): 121-141, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36595560

RESUMO

The clinical literature on narcissistic families has often described the presence of a family scapegoat. To date, however, no research has empirically explored this phenomenon. This study investigated the relationship between perceived parental vulnerable and grandiose narcissism and scapegoating, and the impact of these on the symptoms of anxiety and depression in emerging adults, in a sample of 504 Australian adults (Mage = 22.38, SDage = 3.63; 59.72% female, 38.09% male). A path model was tested, with perceived parental vulnerable and grandiose narcissism as predictors, scapegoating as a mediator, and participants' anxiety and depression as outcomes, controlling for demographic variables and participants' vulnerable and grandiose narcissism. Results indicated that higher perceived paternal grandiose narcissism had a direct effect on anxiety and depression, whereas perceived maternal vulnerable narcissism, perceived paternal vulnerable narcissism, and perceived maternal grandiose narcissism had indirect effects on anxiety and depression via scapegoating. Effect sizes were generally small to medium. These findings show that scapegoating is an important variable linking parental narcissism with negative psychological outcomes such as anxiety and depression in emerging adults.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Bode Expiatório , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Pré-Escolar , Depressão , Austrália , Ansiedade/psicologia , Pais
3.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280758, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36662757

RESUMO

In the context of a dynamic environment and increasing competition, innovation is the key for companies to gain long-term growth. And narcissism, as an important psychological factor influencing CEOs to make corporate decisions, has a significant impact on corporate innovation strategies. This study explores localized dimensions and ways of measuring narcissism among Chinese CEOs. Based on the upper echelons theory, using data from R&D-intensive firms listed in Shanghai and Shenzhen A-shares from 2015-2020, this study empirically examines the effect of CEO narcissism on exploratory and exploitative innovation and the mediating role of corporate social responsibility. The results show that: CEO narcissism has a positive effect on corporate ambidextrous technological innovation and a more significant effect on exploratory innovation; the mediating role of corporate social responsibility is all verified. These findings provide a reference for listed companies to select and hire CEOs scientifically and rationally, and have important implications for companies to develop long-term innovation strategies.


Assuntos
Invenções , Narcisismo , Humanos , China , Seleção de Pessoal , Responsabilidade Social
4.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull ; 49(1): 48-65, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34872399

RESUMO

Conspiracy theories related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have propagated around the globe, leading the World Health Organization to declare the spread of misinformation an "Infodemic." We tested the hypothesis that national narcissism-a belief in the greatness of one's nation that requires external recognition-is associated with the spread of conspiracy theories during the COVID-19 pandemic. In two large-scale national surveys (NTotal = 950) conducted in the United States and the United Kingdom, and secondary analysis of data from 56 countries (N = 50,757), we found a robust, positive relationship between national narcissism and proneness to believe and disseminate conspiracy theories related to COVID-19. Furthermore, belief in COVID-19 conspiracy theories was related to less engagement in health behaviors and less support for public-health policies to combat COVID-19. Our findings illustrate the importance of social identity factors in the spread of conspiracy theories and provide insights into the psychological processes underlying the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Narcisismo , Comunicação , Política Pública
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429840

RESUMO

This study addresses narcissism as an important psychological factor for the prediction of burnout. Previous research has produced inconsistent findings on whether narcissism is beneficial or detrimental to the development of burnout which is due to the fact that narcissism is viewed as an overall construct rather than on a dimensional level. This study applied a two-dimensional approach to narcissism in burnout. Three hundred-fifty-two surgeons from Germany were asked to complete the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire. Linear regression analyses revealed that high scores in admiration predicted high personal fulfillment, low emotional exhaustion, and depersonalization. For rivalry, the opposite picture emerged. The results indicate that admiration seems to have a protecting effect, whereas rivalry appears to promote burnout severity.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Cirurgiões , Humanos , Esgotamento Psicológico , Emoções , Alemanha/epidemiologia
6.
J Pers Disord ; 36(5): 559-582, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181490

RESUMO

The authors investigate whether and how borderline and pathological narcissistic traits differ in their associations with trait and state rejection sensitivity, and with affective reactions to experiences of social rejection occurring in daily life. Community adults (N = 189) completed baseline measures of rejection sensitivity, borderline personality, and pathological narcissism, and daily measures of perceived social rejection and affective states for 7 days. Vulnerable narcissism was the main driver of negative anticipated emotions for social rejection. Borderline personality made people prone to experiencing social rejection in daily life. Moreover, borderline personality traits predicted greater self-directed aggressive impulses when experiencing social rejection. Grandiose narcissism showed only a negative association with anticipatory anxiety for rejection. These findings highlight that sensitivity to social rejection is crucial in both borderline personality and pathological narcissism.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Narcisismo , Adulto , Emoções , Humanos , Personalidade , Inventário de Personalidade , Status Social
7.
Psychiatr Danub ; 34(3): 483-489, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36256986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Personality dysfunctions and deficits in the capacity to cope with negative emotional states have been related to internet addictions. However, in relation to Facebook addiction, this issue remains poorly investigated. Specifically, few studies explored the role played by grandiose and vulnerable narcissism in Facebook addiction. Furthermore, the relationship between alexithymia and pathological narcissism has not yet been explored in relation to problematic Facebook use. The main objective of this study was to examine the association among Facebook addiction, pathological narcissism and alexithymia. METHOD: A cross sectional study was designed to this aim. A sample of adult participants (N=270; Mage=41.05; SD=14.05) was administered the Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS), The Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). RESULTS: Results showed that pathological narcissism, and especially grandiose narcissism, appears to be an important factor associated to problematic Facebook usage among adults. Moreover, difficulties in the capacity to identify their own emotional states may be a risk factor for such condition. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, these results are in line with other data found in the field of behavioral addictions and add further reflection for planning more specific clinical intervention programs for individuals addicted to Facebook with narcissistic traits. These may benefit from a greater focus on the impairments in self-monitoring capacities such as emotional awareness. Personality psychopathologies should be targeted by clinical interventions, but also broader functional impairments (as such as alexithymia) should be addressed as more strategic therapeutic objectives in the field of Facebook Addiction.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Mídias Sociais , Adulto , Humanos , Narcisismo , Sintomas Afetivos , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
8.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 25(11): 744-751, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36251769

RESUMO

The Dark Triad (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, narcissism) is associated with online disinhibition and antisocial online behaviors. However, the mediating role between online disinhibition and online trolling has never previously been investigated. We examined direct and indirect associations between online disinhibition and online trolling via the Dark Triad among 1,303 participants. The results showed that online disinhibition is positively correlated with online trolling, and their link is partly mediated by Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Furthermore, men exhibited higher levels of Dark Triad traits and were more likely to engage in online trolling than women. Moderated mediation analyses indicated that gender moderated the relationship between psychopathy and online trolling. The study provided a promising perspective for the intervention of online trolling, namely netizens should be taught to reduce impulsivity and improve empathy and self-control, especially for men.


Assuntos
Maquiavelismo , Narcisismo , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Estudantes , China
9.
Violence Vict ; 37(5): 569-587, 2022 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36192120

RESUMO

This study examines the moderating effects of gender, child abuse, and pathological narcissism on self-reported stalking, sexual harassment, intimate partner violence, and sexual aggression in undergraduate men and women. Child abuse was positively associated with engaging in all forms of interpersonal violence for both genders. For women, pathological narcissism moderated this association such that higher levels of pathological narcissism reduced the association between child abuse and engaging in stalking, sexual harassment, sexual aggression. For men. pathological narcissism exhibited independent positive associations with engagement in sexual harassment and sexual aggression and a negative association with engagement in intimate partner violence, but no moderating effects. These gender differences have important implications for the assessment of women's violence, and university violence prevention and advocacy programs.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Narcisismo , Estudantes , Violência
10.
An. psicol ; 38(3): 499-507, Oct-Dic. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-208821

RESUMO

It seems quite interesting that during adolescence anxiety levels can spiral out of control. This is due to several factors; one of the possible determinants is personality traits such as narcissism. Contrary to high self-esteem being a predictive factor of mental health, narcissism needs self-esteem in order to be beneficial for a person. Therefore, as two factors of personality traits, self-esteem and narcissism need to be distinguished from each other. Narcissistic individuals try to meet their affirmation needs by setting perfectionistic goals and significant relationships between perfec-tionism dimensions and anxiety has been revealed in the related literature. Using a structural equation modeling, this study investigated the mediation role of perfectionism dimensions in the relationships between grandiose narcissistic personality trait and trait anxiety when self-esteem was con-trolled. A sample of 338 adolescents (192 females, 146 males, mean age = 15.84 years, SD= 1.01) from five high schools participated in the study. The participants completed the instruments including the Demographic Information Form aimed to gather personal information, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, the trait anxiety dimension of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Child and Adolescents Perfectionism Scale, and the Narcis-sistic Personality Inventory. Findings revealed that adaptive perfectionism mediated the relationship between grandiose narcissism and trait anxiety when self-esteem was controlled. This study indicates that practitioners working with adolescents should focus on interventions, which aimed to decrease perfectionistic tendencies of adolescents.(AU)


Parece bastante interesante que durante la adolescencia los ni-veles de ansiedad pueden salirse de control. Esto se debe a varios factores; uno de los posibles determinantes son los rasgos de personalidad como el narcisismo. Contrariamente a que la autoestima alta es un factor predictivo de la salud mental, el narcisismo necesita autoestima para ser beneficioso para una persona. Por lo tanto, como dos factores de rasgos de personali-dad, la autoestima y el narcisismo deben distinguirse entre sí. Los indivi-duos narcisistas intentan satisfacer sus necesidades de afirmación estable-ciendo objetivos perfeccionistas y se han revelado relaciones significativas entre las dimensiones del perfeccionismo y la ansiedad en la literatura rela-cionada. Usando un modelo de ecuación estructural, este estudio investigó el papel de mediación de las dimensiones del perfeccionismo en las relacio-nes entre el rasgo de personalidad narcisista grandioso y el rasgo de ansie-dad cuando se controló la autoestima. Participaron en el estudio una mues-tra de 338 adolescentes (192 mujeres, 146 hombres, edad media = 15.84 años, DE= 1.01) de cinco colegios de secundaria. Los participantes com-pletaron los instrumentos, entre ellos el Formulario de Información De-mográfica destinado a recopilar información personal, la Escala de Autoes-tima de Rosenberg, la dimensión de ansiedad rasgo del Inventario de An-siedad Estado-Rasgo, la Escala de Perfeccionismo del Niño y el Adolescen-te y el Inventario de Personalidad Narcisista. Los hallazgos revelaron que el perfeccionismo adaptativo medió en la relación entre el narcisismo gran-dioso y el rasgo de ansiedad cuando se controló la autoestima. Este estudio indica que los profesionales que trabajan con adolescentes deben centrarse en las intervenciones cuyo objetivo sea disminuir las tendencias perfeccio-nistas de los adolescentes.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Autoimagem , Narcisismo , Ansiedade , Personalidade , Saúde Mental , Perfeccionismo , Comportamento do Adolescente , Psicologia , Psicologia Clínica , Medicina do Comportamento
11.
Psychiatr Danub ; 34(Suppl 8): 42-45, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36170700

RESUMO

Narcissism represents a pathological picture that is still much debated. A brief historical excursus of the narcissistic disorder is proposed, as well as of the distinction between a depressive reaction and a depressive syndrome, which in turn describes depressive symptoms of the affective type and an anhedonic type of depressive symptoms. The author wonders if it is then possible to find a type of depressive symptomatology in pathological narcissism and what is the prevailing dimension and above all its genesis and evolution. Depressive symptomatology of an anhedonic and non-affective type is considered in pathological narcissists to represent the path towards the end of the person, who experiences the nemesis of the Myth.


Assuntos
Depressão , Narcisismo , Depressão/psicologia , Humanos
12.
Horm Behav ; 146: 105265, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36155912

RESUMO

Research has linked hormones to behavioral outcomes in intricate ways, often moderated by psychological dispositions. The associations between testosterone and antisocial or prosocial outcomes also depend on dispositions relevant to status and dominance. In two studies (N1 = 68, N2 = 83), we investigated whether endogenous testosterone, measured in saliva, and narcissism, a psychological variable highly relevant to status motivation, interactively predicted men's preferences regarding resource allocation. Narcissism moderated the links between testosterone and social value orientation: among low narcissists testosterone negatively predicted generosity in resource allocation and probability of endorsing a prosocial (vs. pro-self) value orientation, whereas among high narcissists testosterone tended to positively predict generosity and the probability of endorsing a prosocial (vs. pro-self) value orientation. We discuss these results as examples of calibrating effects of testosterone on human behavior, serving to increase and maintain social status. We advocate the relevance of psychological dispositions, alongside situations, when examining the role of T in social outcomes.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Testosterona , Masculino , Humanos , Testosterona/farmacologia , Comportamento Social , Saliva , Personalidade
13.
Am J Psychoanal ; 82(3): 384-404, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36042282

RESUMO

Ferenczi's conception of identification with the aggressor, which describes children's typical response to traumatic assaults by family members, provides a remarkably good framework to understand mass social and economic trauma. In the moment of trauma, children instinctively submit and comply with what abusers want-not just in behavior but in their perceptions, thoughts, and emotions-in order to survive the assault; afterwards they often continue to comply, out of fear that the family will turn its back on them. Notably, a persistent tendency to identify with the aggressor is also typical in children who have been emotionally abandoned by narcissistically self-preoccupied parents, even when there has not been gross trauma. Similarly, large groups of people who are economically or culturally dispossessed by changes in their society typically respond by submitting and complying with the expectations of a powerful figure or group, hoping they can continue to belong-just like children who are emotionally abandoned by their families. Not surprisingly, emotional abandonment, both in individual lives and on a mass scale, is typically felt as humiliating; and it undermines the sense that life is meaningful and valuable.But the intolerable loss of belonging and of the feeling of being a valuable person often trigger exciting, aggressive, compensatory fantasies of specialness and entitlement. On the large scale, these fantasies are generally authoritarian in nature, with three main dynamics-sadomasochism, paranoid-schizoid organization, and the manic defense-plus a fourth element: the feeling of emotional truth that follows narcissistic injury, that infuses the other dynamics with a sense of emotional power and righteousness. Ironically, the angry attempt to reassert one's entitlements ends up facilitating compliance with one's oppressors and undermining the thoughtful, effective pursuit of realistic goals.


Assuntos
Família , Narcisismo , Agressão/psicologia , Criança , Emoções , Família/psicologia , Fantasia , Humanos
14.
J Pers Disord ; 36(4): 455-475, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913765

RESUMO

Narcissism can be conceived hierarchically at three levels: as a global construct (Level 1), as two dimensions (Level 2; grandiosity and vulnerability), and as a trifurcated model with three underlying dimensions: interpersonal antagonism, narcissistic neuroticism, and agentic extraversion (Level 3). The aim of the study was to examine how narcissism dimensions across the three levels differ in their associations with various forms of interpersonal functioning. The authors assessed multiple domains of interpersonal functioning using data collected from 447 MTurk workers, 606 students, and 365 informants. Each narcissism dimension showed unique interpersonal profiles. The profile of interpersonal antagonism largely resembles grandiose and total narcissism in its interpersonal characteristics, narcissistic neuroticism largely resembles vulnerable narcissism, and agentic extraversion does not differ much from the traditional conceptualization of extraversion in its interpersonal qualities (e.g., high communion). Future studies may benefit from studying narcissism and how it relates to other psychological constructs using the trifurcated model.


Assuntos
Hostilidade , Narcisismo , Delusões , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Estudantes
15.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272868, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044422

RESUMO

The use of social networking sites (SNS or social media) often comes with strong self-centered behaviors to promote self-appearance. The relationship between narcissism and social media use has intensively occupied scholars in the last decade, yet not much research has focused on, first, how the intensity of social media use (SNS use) is associated with narcissism through a self-centered appearance focused use of these SNS; and second, whether these associations are moderated or not by cultural differences of the country of origin in such a critical age of personality formation and (global) culturalization as the transition from pre-adolescence to adolescence. We performed a correlation and mediation analysis on a cross-sectional survey among Austrian, Belgian, Spanish, and South Korean adolescents (n = 1,983; Mage 14.41, 50.3% boys) examining the adolescents' daily usage of social media, their self-centered appearance focused behavior, and the reported narcissism. Findings show that a self-centered appearance focused use of SNS (SCA) moderates the association between SNS use and narcissism, especially for males from the three European countries. We have also particularly found that the years of use, number of friends and time spent in FB are associated with narcissism. Since SCA is defined in the study as narcissistic behavior in SNS, we argue that social media are part of the socialization process as both reinforcers and catalyzers of narcissism.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Áustria , Bélgica , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Autoimagem , Rede Social , Espanha
16.
Int J Psychoanal ; 103(3): 480-494, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856141

RESUMO

This paper discusses the correspondence between Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud, published in the Standard Edition of Freud's writings under the title of "Why War". Freud's answers to some of Einstein's questions are compared to Alfred Adler's ideas on the role of "striving for power" versus "community feeling" and the role of these two forces in the development of war. Adler had begun to develop an object relations line of thinking in his early papers on the aggressive drive and the need for affection (Adler 1908a and 1908b). It is suggested that if Freud and Adler had been able to continue working together, they might have been able to bring their differing perspectives on the issue of war together to address both the role of power and loss of power, as well as the role of narcissistic defences in the development of war. As it is, this was left to later psychoanalytic thinkers, in particular the Kleinian analysts, who underlined the role of reverting to paranoid-schizoid thinking in the face of humiliation, rather than facing depression and the work of mourning. The work of mourning is illustrated using excerpts from Benjamin Britten's "War Requiem".


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Emoções , Teoria Freudiana , Pesar , História do Século XX , Humanos , Narcisismo , Psicanálise/história
17.
J Anal Psychol ; 67(2): 434-444, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856536

RESUMO

This paper explores some features of the theoretical and clinical problem of narcissism in the light of Bion's model of the mind, with particular reference to the distinction between narcissism and 'social-ism'. This model is compared and contrasted to Jung's speculations on the relationship between adaptation and individuation as a process implying a sense of guilt. Jung's highlighting of the element of guilt is directly connected to his subjective experience depicted in the Red Book in the episode of the 'Murder of the hero'. Aspects of pathological narcissism are also explored in the paper, through briefly analysing some passages of Pasolini's movie Salò or the 120 days of Sodom.


Cet article étudie quelques caractéristiques du problème théorique et clinique du narcissisme, à la lumière du modèle de l'esprit de Bion, en faisant particulièrement référence à la distinction entre narcissisme et 'social-isme'. Ce modèle est comparé et mis en contraste avec les spéculations de Jung concernant la relation entre adaptation et individuation, en tant que processus impliquant un sentiment de culpabilité. L'accent que met Jung sur l'élément de culpabilité est directement relié à son expérience subjective décrite dans le Livre Rouge dans l'épisode du « Meurtre du héros¼. L'article explore également des aspects du narcissisme pathologique, en analysant brièvement des passages du film de Pasolini « Salo, ou les 120 journées de Sodome ¼.


El presente trabajo explora algunos rasgos del problema teórico y clínico del narcisismo a la luz del modelo de la mente de Bion, con particular referencia a la distinción entre narcisismo y 'social-ismo'. Este modelo es comparado y contrastado con la especulación de Jung sobre la relación entre adaptación e individuación como un proceso que implica un sentimiento de culpa. La acentuación de Jung del elemento de culpa está directamente conectada con su experiencia subjetiva ilustrada en el Libro Rojo, en el episodio de la 'Muerte del héroe'. Se exploran también aspectos del narcisismo patológico, a través de un breve análisis de algunos pasajes de la película de Pasolini: Saló o los 120 días de Sodoma.


Este artigo explora algumas características do problema teórico e clínico do narcisismo à luz do modelo mental de Bion, com particular referência à distinção entre narcisismo e "socialismo". Esse modelo é comparado e contrastado com as especulações de Jung sobre a relação entre adaptação e individuação como um processo que implica um sentimento de culpa. O destaque de Jung sobre o elemento de culpa está diretamente ligado à sua experiência subjetiva descrita no Livro Vermelho no episódio do 'Assassinato do herói'. Aspectos do narcisismo patológico também são explorados no artigo, analisando brevemente algumas passagens do filme Salò de Pasolini ou os 120 dias de Sodoma.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Psicanálise , Humanos , Individuação , Psicoterapia
18.
Curr Opin Psychol ; 47: 101386, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35816915

RESUMO

Narcissism-a conviction about one's superiority and entitlement to special treatment-is a robust predictor of belief in conspiracy theories. Recent developments in the study of narcissism suggest that it has three components: antagonism, agentic extraversion, and neuroticism. We argue that each of these components of narcissism might predispose people to endorse conspiracy theories due to different psychological processes. Specifically, we discuss the role of paranoia, gullibility, and the needs for dominance, control, and uniqueness. We also review parallel findings for narcissistic beliefs about one's social groups. We consider the wider implications this research might have, especially for political leadership. We conclude by discussing outstanding questions about sharing conspiracy theories and other forms of misinformation.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Narcisismo , Humanos
19.
Arch Sex Behav ; 51(6): 3083-3092, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790611

RESUMO

While many scholars have explored the sharing of nude photographs one-to-one (i.e., sexting), few have examined the sharing of nudity in a one-to-many context. The current study examined the sharing of nude photographs on Reddit, framing the practice as an act of disinhibited online behavior. A survey (n = 628) was conducted to assess whether Redditors levels of sensation seeking, self-esteem, perceived attractiveness, and narcissism would be related to whether or not they posted nude photographs on the site. Results indicated that posting nudity on Reddit was significantly associated with higher perceived attractiveness and narcissism, but not sensation seeking or self-esteem. The role of gender and sexual orientation in the posting of nudity online was also assessed, and an overrepresentation of nude content produced by females and bisexual persons, as well as an underrepresentation of nude content produced by males and heterosexuals, was found. Findings are discussed in relation to self-concept, sexual health, and the online disinhibition effect.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Autoimagem , Bissexualidade , Feminino , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual
20.
Harv Rev Psychiatry ; 30(4): 226-237, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35849740

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Malignant self-regard (MSR) is a self-representation that encompasses the shared features of depressive personality disorder, masochistic/self-defeating personality disorder, depressive-masochistic personality, and vulnerable narcissism. In this review we begin by describing the construct's historical precursors, which begin in early psychoanalytic/dynamic theory, and then trace its development across iterations of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Special attention is paid to differentiating MSR from vulnerable narcissism. We then consider MSR's place within transdiagnostic, transtheoretical, and dimensional models of personality pathology. We focus heavily on MSR's impact on various personality systems (e.g., thought and affect systems) and also on overall personality functioning. The empirical research on MSR in relation to these systems is thoroughly reviewed and largely supports its psychometric properties and clinical significance. We suggest that MSR may map onto the distress subfactor in the hierarchical taxonomy of psychopathology (HiTOP) and that MSR seems to occupy the shared internalizing space across the neurotic and borderline level of personality organization in Kernberg's model of personality disorders. We also identify four major directions for future research: the possible benefits of self-defeating tendencies that involve pathological narcissism and self-esteem; MSR's relationship to overall health and well-being; depressive states and MSR severity; and how MSR fits within the Alternative Model for Personality Disorders and the personality disorder framework of the International Classification of Diseases.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Transtornos da Personalidade , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Humanos , Personalidade , Inventário de Personalidade
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