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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121938

RESUMO

Recently, the influence of leader's personality traits on employee behavior has become an emerging research area. Leaders play a crucial role in any organization because team members look up to them for policy and behavioral guidelines. Based on the social exchange theory, this study is focused on the relationship of employee-perceived leader narcissism and employee voice behavior. Through the analysis of 239 questionnaires, we find that leader narcissism has a significant influence on the motivation of leadership impression management. The narcissistic leader uses impression management that is more likely to have self- serving purpose rather than pro-social motivation. This motivation impacts leader-member exchange (LMX) quality which influences employee voice behavior. This study has significant theoretical and practical implications as it is the first study that empirically verifies the stated relationship in this under-researched area.


Assuntos
Atitude , Liderança , Narcisismo , Percepção Social , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Organizações , Adulto Jovem
2.
Psychoanal Rev ; 106(2): 113-130, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30977705

RESUMO

We tend to think of Narcissus as foolishly enamored with his own image, morbidly preoccupied with self-love. Yet when we study him closely in Ovid's Metamorphoses, he does not seem to recognize himself in the water but believes to be encountering another person; he appears lost to himself. Freud's theories of ego formation, narcissism, and melancholia are examined for explanations of this loss. In contrast to Freud, who believed that identification with the lost object facilitates the subject's separation from it, identification is redescribed as a mechanism preserving the (imaginary) union with the object. Identification with the negative object is viewed as an inevitable aspect of ego formation rather than only as indicative of depressive pathology. Finally, narcissism, initially defined as a state of diminished object cathexis, is understood as a defense structure disavowing separation and leading to the conflation of self and other.


Assuntos
Teoria Freudiana , Narcisismo , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Transtorno Depressivo , Ego , Humanos
3.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(1): 2-17, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948684

RESUMO

This paper presents an integrative model of personality and personality disorder which incorporates psychoanalytic concepts with modern neuroscience. In addition, a dynamic, personalized, and context - and time-sensitive diagnosis of personality disorder is introduced. The authors cogently argue that all clinical variants of personality disorder share the same common deficit: fragmented basic units of experience at the nonconscious core of the mind (aka "partial object relations"). The fragmentation propagates through mental faculties (thought, motivation, emotion), as they self-organize into subsystems of personality, e.g., one's sense of self, identity, character, moral values, rendering them polarized into extreme and thus adaptively suboptimal. The syndrome of personality disorder arises as a nonconscious compensatory maneuver of the fragmented mind to organize itself through a defensive but unrealistic self-image (e.g., narcissistic, schizoid, antisocial, etc.), giving rise to a host of unique symptoms. Symptomatic pharmacotherapy of personality disorder is best organized around four empirically derived domains of symptoms, shared by all variants to a variable degree: i) mood and anxiety dysregulation; ii) impulsivity, aggression, and behavior dyscontrol; iii) emotional disinterest and detachment; and iv) cognitive distortions and brief reactive psychoses. Pharmacotherapy targeting the above domains is nonspecific, as medications affect multiple domains simultaneously. Modest empirical evidence and considerable clinical benefits continue to support the use of medications in the overall symptomatic treatment of personality disorder.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Transtornos da Personalidade , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo , Modelos Psicológicos , Narcisismo , Transtornos da Personalidade/tratamento farmacológico , Psicoterapia
4.
Actas esp. psiquiatr ; 47(2): 61-69, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181341

RESUMO

Objetivos. El hecho de que cada vez haya más personas que padezcan demencia hace que sea muy importante conocer los diferentes factores de riesgo para prevenir su aparición. El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar el trastorno de la personalidad como posible factor de riesgo para la aparición de un proceso demencial, y relacionar trastornos de la personalidad del Clúster B y demencia. Metodología. Se realizó una revisión sistemática y metaanálisis con literatura científica publicada hasta el año 2015. Resultados. Doce de los artículos que se encontraron cumplían con los criterios de selección y calidad especificados y estudian la relación entre un trastorno de personalidad y la aparición de una demencia. Aunque con los estudios hechos hasta el momento no se puede concluir que el primero sea un factor de riesgo para el segundo, sí que se ha podido observar, mediante técnicas de neuroimagen, que los pacientes con trastornos de personalidad del Clúster B desarrollan alteraciones en estructuras cerebrales (en la corteza prefrontal, temporal y/o parietal, además de una alteración en los niveles de N-acetil Aspartato y de sustancia gris) que también están implicadas en un proceso demencial. Conclusiones. En definitiva, los pacientes con historia clínica de trastorno límite o trastorno narcisista de la personalidad presentan más alteraciones en las estructuras cerebrales mencionadas, de tal manera que presentar este tipo de trastornos de la personalidad podría aumentar el riesgo de padecer demencia en un futuro


Objectives. The fact that more and more people suffer from dementia makes it very important to know the different risk factors to prevent their appearance. The objective of this article is to study personality disorder as a possible risk factor for the onset of an insane process, and to relate personality disorders of Cluster B and dementia. Methodology. A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out with scientific literature published up to 2015. Results. Twelve of the articles that we found met the specified criteria of selection and quality and study the relationship between a personality disorder and the emergence of a dementia. Although with the studies made so far it can’t be concluded that the first one is a risk factor for the second one, it has been noted, thanks to neuroimaging techniques, that patients with Cluster B personality disorders develop alterations in brain structures (in the prefrontal, temporal and parietal cortex, as well as an alteration in the NAA levels and the grey matter levels) and which are also involved in a demented process. Conclusions. Definitely, the patients with medical record of the borderline or narcissistic personality disorder present more alterations in the brain structures mentioned, such that presenting these types of personality disorders could increase the risk of developing dementia in the future


Assuntos
Humanos , Demência/etiologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico por imagem , Narcisismo , Fatores de Risco , Cérebro/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/complicações , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/fisiopatologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Histriônica/fisiopatologia
5.
Evol Psychol ; 17(1): 1474704919826845, 2019 Jan-Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30791701

RESUMO

Instagram selfies and groupies symbolize social media users' public display of narcissism. From an evolutionary psychological perspective on the renovated hierarchy of fundamental human motives and needs, this study examined the interaction effects of Instagram photo types (selfies, group selfies, long-shot photos taken by others, and neutral photos) and Instagram peer viewers' individual difference factors (intrasexual competition [ISC] for mates, need for popularity [NfP], loneliness, and need to belong [NtB]) on intersexual attraction. A randomized between-subjects experiment ( N = 110) was executed to see how the interaction affects the intention to date the target opposite-sex person. Multiple regression analyses confirm the moderating effects of ISC for mates, NfP, loneliness, and NtB on dating desire, among heterosexual/bisexual males exposed to female Instagram photos. Viewer characteristics moderate the influence of the potential mate's photo types on perception and dating desirability. This study makes theoretical contributions to the literature on evolutionary psychology of narcissism and the renovated pyramid of primary needs. With regard to practical implications for online dating apps/social networking sites, neutral photos are more effective to appeal to men who feel lonely and have higher need for belonging and popularity, whereas group selfies are more appealing to men who have lower ISC for mate, NtB, and NfP.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Escolha , Comportamento Competitivo , Solidão/psicologia , Narcisismo , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Desejabilidade Social , Mídias Sociais , Percepção Social , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Psychoanal Rev ; 106(1): 73-83, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30730259

RESUMO

This paper contrasts full passion with what I am calling empty passion. As examples of full passion, Melanie Klein's lovehate, Kristeva's maternal passion, Zizek's political passion, and the passion of friendship are discussed in relation to empty passion, a narcissistic desire to fill a lack or a hole at the center of being. This empty passion is related to the Lacanian demand to serve or to become the desire of the Other and to André Green's concept of the psychic dilemma of the Dead Mother. Clinical and literary examples of empty passion are provided as illustrations.


Assuntos
Morte , Ódio , Amor , Masoquismo/psicologia , Narcisismo , Psicanálise , Humanos , Teoria Psicanalítica
7.
J Psychol ; 153(4): 402-413, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668276

RESUMO

This study builds on previous findings regarding emotional intelligence among narcissists by considering the maladaptive aspects of emotional manipulation and distinguishing between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. Trait-emotional intelligence and emotional manipulation capabilities of grandiose narcissists, vulnerable narcissists, and non-narcissists were compared. A convenience sample of 584 undergraduates from the University of Florence (Italy) with a mean age of 22.61 (SD = 2.19) was recruited. A two-way ANOVA showed that vulnerable narcissists scored significantly lower than grandiose narcissists and non-narcissists in all the Bar-On EI dimensions, while grandiose narcissists scored higher than non-narcissists in Intrapersonal intelligence and the General Mood Bar-On scales. The two-way ANOVA also showed that both grandiose and vulnerable narcissists are prone to emotionally manipulate others in order to reach their aims.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Emoções , Narcisismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-987054

RESUMO

En el presente artículo se hace un análisis teórico desde el discurso de Freud acerca de las vicisitudes de las posiciones subjetivas del odio insertadas en dinámicas de intolerancia a la alteridad y a la diferencia. El método utilizado fue la revisión teórica documental y la de los textos como apertura de sentido, haciendo un recorrido por la obra de Freud, así como por otros referentes del pensamiento psicoanalítico. El objetivo consiste en analizar las incidencias del odio como problemática de actualidad, enlazando al psicoanálisis con las dimensiones sociales y culturales. Como resultado se puede revelar el papel fundante del odio en las relaciones con la alteridad inserta en el mundo exterior y se vislumbra la ilusoria alteridad amable del narcisismo. Así como se detectan los efectos delirantes del rechazo de la identidad amorosa homosexual. Se concluye el despliegue de la diferencia como riesgo y amenaza al narcisismo de la posición fálica o del amor de sí, mostrando un escenario del odio a las pequeñas diferencias, bajo el moldeamiento de un estado de suspicacia feroz volcado en una postura de intransigencia que se extiende desde el mítico padre primordial hasta el Dios celoso de su unicidad.


The paper displays a theoretical analysis according to Freud's discourse about the vicissitudes of subjective positions in hatred, inserted in dynamics of intolerence to otherness and to difference. The method used for the analysis is the theoretical research and the of the texts with an open sense, taking a journey through through Freud's works, as primary source; as well as the usage of other psychoanalitic secondary references to analyse a current predicament, linking psychoanalysis to the social and cultural dimensión. As result of it, we show the founding role of hatred in relation to the external factor, and it is glimpsed the imaginay kind otherness of narcisism and the delirant effects of rejection of homosexual loving identity. It is concluded that the display of differences is set as a risk and narcisistic threat of the phallic position of love, showing a scenary of hatred thowards the small differences, under the shape of a state of violent suspicion for God and the fundamental father.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ódio , Permissividade , Teoria Freudiana , Narcisismo
9.
J Behav Addict ; 7(4): 985-992, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30541336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite indications that the dark triad of personality might be associated with Internet-use disorder (IUD), research about these associations is lacking. METHODS: Two studies were performed to grasp the links between these variables. In the first study, a sample consisting of N = 468 participants (n = 130 males) filled in the Short Dark Triad Questionnaire to assess scores in the dark triad of personality and the short Internet Addiction Test to assess tendencies toward unspecified IUD. In the second study, another independent sample of N = 472 participants (n = 143 males) filled in the same questionnaires plus items about specific forms of IUD. RESULTS: Traits Machiavellianism and psychopathy were positively linked to tendencies toward unspecified IUD in both samples and males and females. Regarding the associations between tendencies toward specific IUDs and the dark triad of personality, no significant associations were found in males (at least not passing correction procedures for multiple testing). In females, trait Machiavellianism/psychopathy and tendencies toward Internet-shopping disorder, trait psychopathy, and tendencies toward Internet-pornography-use disorder as well as trait Machiavellianism and tendencies toward Internet-communication disorder were significantly positively correlated [at least one of the (sub)scales assessing the respective specific IUD was significantly associated with the respective dark triad trait even after correction procedures for multiple testing]. No robust pattern of associations between trait narcissism and unspecified/specific forms of IUD could be observed across (sub)samples. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate positive associations of the traits Machiavellianism and psychopathy (on a subclinical level) with tendencies toward IUD, especially unspecified IUD. The associations with tendencies toward specific forms of IUD seem more complex with differential personality correlates for each specific IUD. These associations need to be replicated.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/fisiopatologia , Comportamento Aditivo/fisiopatologia , Internet , Maquiavelismo , Narcisismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/epidemiologia , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
10.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 21(3): 365-375, set.-dez. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-963600

RESUMO

Resumo: A proposta deste artigo é investigar o alargamento do raio de ação do método psicanalítico a partir da exploração do narcisismo como campo de pesquisa. Para tal, será efetuado um recuo aos primórdios da constituição da subjetividade, mais precisamente a uma época do desenvolvimento infantil que antecede o estabelecimento do status de unidade do eu. Esse avanço para trás amplia as possibilidades de escuta do material inconsciente não representado, abrindo o caminho para a inserção da qualidade da presença do analista no processo de associatividade.


Abstract: The purpose of this article is to investigate the action scope extension of the psychoanalytic method from the exploration of narcissism as a field of research. To do so, a retreat will be made to the beginnings of the constitution of subjectivity, precisely the fase of child development that precedes the establishment of self-unity status. This backward investigation broadens the listening possibilities of the unconscious material, opening the space for the quality of the analyst's presence in the process of associativity.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Pesquisa , Ciência , Narcisismo
11.
Psychiatr Hung ; 33(4): 359-373, 2018.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540259

RESUMO

Nowadays there has been an increase of scientific interest related to the dark triad of personality: Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy. In the last two decades several studies were published about the work related correlates of the dark personality traits. The aim of the current paper is to summarize and review these international and Hungarian research findings. After describing the dark personality traits, we review their effect on carrier choice, workplace behaviors, experiences, and attitudes. The connection between the dark triad traits and leadership effectiveness is also considered. A conclusion is drawn about the positive and negative consequences of hiring employees or leaders with high dark triad traits. On the basis of our review we can conclude that several correlates of the dark personality traits, like stress resistance, strategic thinking, charisma and persuasive communication can be advantageous from the perspective of an organisation. On the other hand, these traits can mean threats on the level of social relationships and organizational functionality. The possible ways of prevention and intervention are also described in the conclusion of this paper.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Maquiavelismo , Narcisismo , Humanos , Liderança , Personalidade
12.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 30(4): 376-381, nov. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-178691

RESUMO

Background: Adolescents are one of the groups who most use social networks in an emotional way, to express their own emotions and to empathize with the emotions of others. Although personality factors; namely, empathy, self-esteem, and narcissism appear to play an important role in this usage, the contribution of cultural variables has yet to be examined. The aim of this study is to examine cross-cultural variations in Facebook usage and the relationship of those variations with empathy, self-esteem and narcissistic personality factors. Method: Using a sample of 479 Spanish adolescents (220 females) and 405 Thai adolescents (224 females), the Use of Facebook Questionnaire was applied, and empathy, self-esteem and narcissism personality traits were measured. Results: Findings suggested variations between Thai and Spanish samples at the intra- and inter-cultural level. The Thai sample had higher scores in Affective Empathy but lower scores in Cognitive Empathy, used Facebook more, and engaged in more emotional and empathic expression when using Facebook. Also, results also show interesting differences related with the interaction between gender and country. Conclusions: We discuss the results in relation to Hofstede’s criteria about the differences between Eastern and Western societies. We highlight the need for longitudinal studies about this topic


Antecedentes: los adolescentes son el grupo de población que más usan las redes sociales de forma emocional para expresar sus emociones y para empatizar con las emociones de otros. Mientras que factores de personalidad como empatía, autoestima y narcisismo parecen desempeñar un papel importante en este uso, la contribución de las variables culturales no ha sido examinada. El objetivo de este estudio es examinar variaciones interculturales en el uso de Facebook, y su relación con la empatía, autoestima y narcisismo. Método: usando una muestra de 479 adolescentes españoles (220 mujeres) y 405 adolescentes tailandeses (224 mujeres), se aplicó el Cuestionario de Uso de Facebook y se midieron los rasgos de empatía, autoestima y narcisismo. Resultados: los resultados sugieren variaciones entre las muestras españolas y tailandesas a nivel intra e intercultural. La muestra tailandesa puntuó más alto en Empatía Afectiva, pero más bajo en Empatía Cognitiva, y usó más Facebook expresando emociones y empatía. También se obtuvieron resultados relacionados con la interacción entre sexo y país. Conclusiones: se discuten estos resultados en relación con los criterios de Hofstede acerca de las diferencias entre las sociedades occidentales y orientales. Se destaca la necesidad de estudios longitudinales


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Comparação Transcultural , Características Culturais , Emoções , Empatia , Narcisismo , Psicologia do Adolescente , Autoimagem , Rede Social , Estudos Transversais , Tailândia
13.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-177353

RESUMO

Las reflexiones que mostraremos a continuación parten de la experiencia asistencial con un caso asistido por los autores del artículo en co-terapia y de las conversaciones inter-sesión. Una gran parte de las reflexiones sobre el caso las hemos podido hacer a posteriori de la experiencia terapéutica. Nuestro objetivo principal es el cuidado y atención de los menores y sus familias. Escribir este artículo permite la elaboración mental del caso y la función de presentarlo es repensarlo para seguir velando por mejorar la asistencia a la salud mental infantil y juvenil desde nuestra institución


The reflections that we are going to show are based on our care experience in co-therapy and on conversations between sessions. A large part of the case reflections has been made after the therapeutic experience. Our main objective is the care and attention of minors and their families. Writing this article allows the mental elaboration of the case and presenting it aims at reconsidering and making our institution keep on improving the mental health assistance of children and youth


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/terapia , Psicoterapia Psicodinâmica/métodos , Simbiose/fisiologia , Família/psicologia , Narcisismo
14.
Accid Anal Prev ; 120: 130-138, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30114578

RESUMO

The present study tested the role of Dark Triad traits (DT; narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism) as potential contributors to self-reported aggressive driving alongside driving anger, general aggression, impulsiveness, and attributions of malign driving intent. Members of the general community (N = 168) completed an online survey battery measuring these characteristics, and a proxy measure of aggressive driving. Regression analyses revealed that psychopathy, a history of physical aggression towards others, and the "progress impeded" aspect of driving anger, accounted for 50.8% of the variance in self-reported aggressive driving behaviours. The remaining variables were not significant. A structural equation model found all measures fitted into a single model in which impulsivity and the DT predicted general aggression, general aggression fully mediated the effect of the DT on driving anger, and general aggression and progress impedance predicted self-reported aggressive driving (GFI = 0.925). These results indicate tendencies toward expressing aggression physically, frustration at goals being impeded, and a callous, impulsive nature can predispose an individual to aggressive driving behaviours. Implications of these findings and recommendations for research are discussed.


Assuntos
Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Autorrelato , Adulto , Agressão/psicologia , Ira , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia , Feminino , Frustração , Humanos , Comportamento Impulsivo , Maquiavelismo , Masculino , Narcisismo , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Análise de Regressão
15.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 21(2): 149-157, maio-ago. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-904838

RESUMO

Após longo período de latência, o traumático retornou em Freud entrecruzado com o narcisismo e a pulsão de morte, culminando na ideia de um incontornável "mal-estar na civilização". Assistimos hoje a um novo retorno do traumático na psicanálise, vendo-se esta confrontada, novamente, à face demoníaca do psiquismo, desta vez, pelo incremento de figuras do excesso e do trauma, configurações subjetivas limites especialmente marcantes na atualidade. Este artigo busca avançar na compreensão desse movimento, de natureza clínica e teórica, com ênfase no problema do mal-estar, sua singularidade hoje.


After a long latency period, the trauma returned in Freud, entwined with narcissism and the death drive, culminating in the idea of an inescapable "malaise in civilization". We are witnessing a new return of the traumatic in psychoanalysis, as this is confronted again to the demonic face of psyche, this turn by the increase of figures of excess and trauma, borderline subjective configurations especially striking nowadays. This paper searches to advance in the understanding of such clinical and theoretical movement, with an emphasis on the problem of malaise, its singularity today.


Assuntos
Narcisismo , Psicanálise , Transtornos Psicóticos
16.
Fractal rev. psicol ; 30(2): 166-172, maio-ago. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-975378

RESUMO

Resumo Este artigo situa a Devastação como operação lógica que remete e contrasta, quanto à incidência e consequências psíquicas, com a operação instauradora do narcisismo no primeiro tempo da constituição subjetiva. Observando a necessidade de reafirmação da imagem no embate arrebatador com o espelho, o trabalho ressalta, com o conto Branca de Neve, algo de estrutural no mal-estar das mulheres em relação à imagem, analisando a delicada relação da madrasta com sua imagem própria refletida pelo espelho falante. Para tanto, relemos Freud, Sobre o narcisismo: uma introdução, e Lacan, O estágio do espelho como formador da função do eu, recorrendo às reflexões psicanalíticas acerca da edificação do corpo para elucidar o processo contínuo de sua construção, que no feminino é reiteradamente confrontado com a falta de um significante (simétrico ao falo) que pudesse alienar o gozo e encerrar a busca por uma representação última para o ser dȺ mulher.


Abstract This article places Devastation as a logical process that highly contrasts, considering occurrence and psychological effects, with the one process which sets narcissism in the first time of Subject Constitution, as described by Freud in Introduction to Narcisism and Lacan in the Mirror Stage . Considering women´s necessity to have their image recast, this essay brings the old tale Snow White as a sample of the struggle women have with mirror image to show the structural origin of such discomfort by analyzing the relationship the stepmother has with her own image reflected by the talking mirror. Thus, we have based on psychoanalytical impressions concerning the process of constitution to enlighten the continuous effort of women in assimilating their own image, which, by structure, lacks a name (ideally symmetrical to the phallus) to house female satisfaction and a last word to represent the eventual identity of being a woman.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Psicanálise , Imagem Corporal , Feminilidade , Narcisismo
17.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 21(7): 450-456, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29995531

RESUMO

This study explored the Facebook addiction disorder (FAD) in Germany. Of the 520 participants, 6.2 percent reached the critical polythetic cutoff score and 2.5 percent reached the critical monothetic cutoff score. FAD was significantly positively related to Facebook use frequency, the personality trait narcissism, as well as depression and anxiety symptoms, but also to subjective happiness. Its association with resilience was significantly negative. Furthermore, Facebook use frequency partly mediated the positive relationship between narcissism and FAD. Current results provide a first overview of FAD in Germany. They demonstrate that FAD is not only the consequence of excessive Facebook use. The positive relationship between FAD and happiness contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms that are involved in the development and maintenance of FAD, and partly explains earlier inconsistencies. Practical applications for future studies and limitations of present results are discussed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Narcisismo , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Adulto , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Felicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
18.
Am J Psychoanal ; 78(3): 267-286, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30018299

RESUMO

In this essay I wish to present some reflections on Jordan Belfort, the protagonist of the movie "The Wolf of Wall Street" from a psychoanalytic prism. The movie, "The Wolf of Wall Street", is a 2013 black comedy film directed by Martin Scorsese and adapted by Terence Winter from Belfort's memoir (2007) of the same name. This movie has already been analyzed from cultural and historical perspectives, with the protagonist representing American culture of the 1980s. I will first summarize some of these views, and then present my psychoanalytic perspective of Jordan's wish to become "Master of the Universe" (Wolfe, 1987; Grunberger, 1993), as expressed through his abuse of drugs, hyper-sexuality, and his aggressive and self-destructive behavior. As the craving for omnipotence and immortality is a universal wish that has existed from time immemorial, I will draw an analogy between certain aspects and symbolic elements in "The Wolf of Wall Street" and Wagner's (1848-1872) four epic operas "Der Ring des Nibelungen." I will conclude with a brief reference to the charismatic appeal of a man like Jordan to the general public.


Assuntos
Fantasia , Narcisismo , Interpretação Psicanalítica , Transferência (Psicologia) , Humanos , Filmes Cinematográficos
19.
J Genet Psychol ; 179(4): 207-218, 2018 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29877761

RESUMO

While particular parenting styles and parenting qualities have been linked to adolescent narcissistic tendencies, their association is likely indirect. Parents aim to indoctrinate adolescents with dispositional tendencies, such as self-confidence independence and a focus on peer acceptance, which incidentally manifest in narcissism. The authors investigated whether mothers' and fathers' positive parenting and lax discipline were linked indirectly to adolescent grandiose narcissism through a need for positive approval and independent self-construal. Adolescents (n = 460; 58.5% girls; age range = 15-18 years) completed several measures online. Structural equation modeling revealed that maternal positive parenting and discipline were indirectly linked to grandiose narcissism through adolescents' need for positive approval. Fathers' positive parenting was linked directly and partially through independent self-construal to grandiose narcissism. Fathers' discipline remained directly associated with adolescent grandiose narcissism. Discussion focuses on the nuanced association between parenting and grandiose narcissism in adolescents and the implications for upholding behavioral standards.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Narcisismo , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Personalidade/fisiologia , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
20.
Estud. Psicol. (Campinas, Online) ; 35(2): 159-170, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-953515

RESUMO

The psychometric characteristics of the Dark Triad Scale in an Argentinian context are presented. Two successive studies were carried out. Three hundred sixteen people, with an average age of 34.48 years (SD = 10.57), participated in Study 1. An exploratory factor analysis indicated a three-factor structure with suitable internal consistency (Machiavellianism: α = 0.92; narcissism: α = 0.91, and psychopathy: α = 0.89). Two hundred seventy-five people, with an average age of 32 years (SD = 8.10), participated in Study 2. A confirmatory factor analysis corroborated the three-factor structure. The three factors reached Satisfactory Composite Reliability (greater than 0.70) and adequate Convergent-Discriminant Validity (Average Variance Extrated greater than 0.50). The invariance of the scale's parameters was demonstrated by sex. The results indicate that the Argentinian version of the Dark Triad Scale measures the dark side of personality with appropriate validity and reliability, both in men and women.


Este estudo apresenta as características psicométricas da Dark Triad Scale para o contexto da Argentina. Dois estudos sucessivos foram realizados. Participaram do primeiro estudo trezentas e dezesseis pessoas, com uma idade média de 34,48 anos (DP = 10,57). A análise fatorial exploratória indicou uma estrutura de três fatores com adequada consistência interna (Maquiavelismo: α = 0,92; narcisismo: α = 0,91, e psicopatia: α = 0,89). Do segundo estudo participaram duzentas e setenta e cinco pessoas, com uma idade média de 32 anos (DP = 8,10). A análise fatorial confirmatória confirmou a adequação da estrutura trifatorial. Os três fatores resultantes apresentaram Confiabilidade Composta Satisfatória (maior que 0,70) e indicadores adequados de validade convergente-discriminante (AVE maior que 0,50). A invariância dos parâmetros da escala foi demonstrada por meio do sexo. Os resultados indicam que a versão argentina da Dark Triad Scale mede o lado escuro da personalidade com validade e confiabilidade adequadas, tanto em homens quanto em mulheres.


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicometria , Maquiavelismo , Narcisismo , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial
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