Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.428
Filtrar
1.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 6: CD009749, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Practitioners in the field of assisted reproductive technology (ART) continually seek alternative or adjunct treatments to improve ART outcomes. This Cochrane review investigates the adjunct use of synthetic versions of two naturally produced hormones, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and testosterone (T), in assisted reproduction. Steroid hormones are proposed to increase conception rates by positively affecting follicular response to gonadotrophin stimulation. This may lead to a greater oocyte yield and, subsequently, an increased chance of pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of DHEA and T as pre- or co-treatments in infertile women undergoing assisted reproduction. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 8 January 2024: the Gynaecology and Fertility Group (CGF) Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and trial registries for ongoing trials. We also searched citation indexes, Web of Science, PubMed, and OpenGrey. We searched the reference lists of relevant studies and contacted experts in the field for any additional trials. There were no language restrictions. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing DHEA or T as an adjunct treatment to any other active intervention, placebo, or no treatment in women undergoing assisted reproduction. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently selected studies, extracted relevant data, and assessed risk of bias. We pooled data from studies using fixed-effect models. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) for each dichotomous outcome. Analyses were stratified by type of treatment. We assessed the certainty of evidence for the main findings using GRADE methods. MAIN RESULTS: We included 29 RCTs. There were 1599 women in the intervention group and 1469 in the control group. Apart from three trials, the trial participants were women identified as 'poor responders' to standard in vitro fertilisation (IVF) protocols. The included trials compared either T or DHEA treatment with placebo or no treatment. Pre-treatment with DHEA versus placebo/no treatment: DHEA likely results in little to no difference in live birth/ongoing pregnancy rates (OR 1.30, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.95 to 1.76; I² = 16%, 9 RCTs, N = 1433, moderate certainty evidence). This suggests that in women with a 12% chance of live birth/ongoing pregnancy with placebo or no treatment, the live birth/ongoing pregnancy rate in women using DHEA will be between 12% and 20%. DHEA likely does not decrease miscarriage rates (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.53 to 1.37; I² = 0%, 10 RCTs, N =1601, moderate certainty evidence). DHEA likely results in little to no difference in clinical pregnancy rates (OR 1.18, 95% CI 0.93 to 1.49; I² = 0%, 13 RCTs, N = 1886, moderate certainty evidence). This suggests that in women with a 17% chance of clinical pregnancy with placebo or no treatment, the clinical pregnancy rate in women using DHEA will be between 16% and 24%. We are very uncertain about the effect of DHEA on multiple pregnancy (OR 3.05, 95% CI 0.47 to 19.66; 7 RCTs, N = 463, very low certainty evidence). Pre-treatment with T versus placebo/no treatment: T likely improves live birth rates (OR 2.53, 95% CI 1.61 to 3.99; I² = 0%, 8 RCTs, N = 716, moderate certainty evidence). This suggests that in women with a 10% chance of live birth with placebo or no treatment, the live birth rate in women using T will be between 15% and 30%. T likely does not decrease miscarriage rates (OR 1.63, 95% CI 0.76 to 3.51; I² = 0%, 9 RCTs, N = 755, moderate certainty evidence). T likely increases clinical pregnancy rates (OR 2.17, 95% CI 1.54 to 3.06; I² = 0%, 13 RCTs, N = 1152, moderate certainty evidence). This suggests that in women with a 12% chance of clinical pregnancy with placebo or no treatment, the clinical pregnancy rate in women using T will be between 17% and 29%. We are very uncertain about the effect of T on multiple pregnancy (OR 2.56, 95% CI 0.59 to 11.20; 5 RCTs, N = 449, very low certainty evidence). We are uncertain about the effect of T versus oestradiol or T versus oestradiol + oral contraceptive pills. The certainty of the evidence was moderate to very low, the main limitations being lack of blinding in the included trials, inadequate reporting of study methods, and low event and sample sizes in the trials. Data on adverse events were sparse; any reported events were minor. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Pre-treatment with T likely improves, and pre-treatment with DHEA likely results in little to no difference, in live birth and clinical pregnancy rates in women undergoing IVF who have been identified as poor responders. DHEA and T probably do not decrease miscarriage rates in women under IVF treatment. The effects of DHEA and T on multiple pregnancy are uncertain. Data regarding adverse events were very limited; any reported events were minor. Research is needed to identify the optimal duration of treatment with T. Future studies should include data collection on adverse events and multiple pregnancy.


Assuntos
Desidroepiandrosterona , Nascido Vivo , Taxa de Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Testosterona , Humanos , Feminino , Desidroepiandrosterona/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Testosterona/uso terapêutico , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Viés , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Indução da Ovulação/métodos
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 12894, 2024 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38839827

RESUMO

The decrease in assisted reproductive technology success among older women, attributed to decreased oocyte quantity and quality, poses a significant challenge. Currently, no consensus on the optimal ovarian stimulation protocol for older women undergoing IVF exists. This retrospectively registered cohort study aimed to compare the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR), time to live birth (TTLB), and cost-effectiveness among women older than 35 years who were receiving either the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) or clomiphene citrate and gonadotropin cotreatment with ovarian stimulation (CC cotreatment) protocol. To compare treatment outcomes, we performed propensity score matching (PSM) on 2871 IVF cycles in women older than 35 years who received either the GnRHa or CC cotreatment protocol, resulting in 375 cycles in each group. Additionally, a decision tree model was utilized to assess the cost-effectiveness of the two protocols. Following PSM, both groups had similar baseline characteristics. The CC cotreatment protocol resulted in a greater rate of cycle cancellation (13.07% vs. 8.00%, p = 0.032), but the groups maintained comparable fertilization rates and embryo quality. Although the TTLB was longer in the CC cotreatment group, the CLBR per initial cycle (41.07% vs. 45.33%, p = 0.269) and delivery outcomes were similar between the two groups at the 24 months follow-up. Additionally, the average cost per live birth in the CC cotreatment group was 21.27% lower than in the GnRHa group (¥32,301.42 vs. ¥39,174.22). In conclusion, for women older than 35 years undergoing IVF, the CC cotreatment protocol offered a comparable CLBR to the GnRHa protocol but with reduced costs, indicating its potential as a viable and cost-effective ovarian stimulation option.Clinical trial registration: https://www.chictr.org.cn/ , identifier [ChiCTR2300076537].


Assuntos
Clomifeno , Análise Custo-Benefício , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Nascido Vivo , Indução da Ovulação , Humanos , Feminino , Clomifeno/uso terapêutico , Clomifeno/economia , Clomifeno/administração & dosagem , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Adulto , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Indução da Ovulação/economia , Gravidez , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Fertilização in vitro/economia , Gonadotropinas/uso terapêutico , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/economia , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/uso terapêutico , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Gravidez
3.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 22(1): 65, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) has been regarded as a key measure of in vitro fertilization (IVF) success after a complete treatment cycle. Women undergoing IVF face great psychological pressure and financial burden. A predictive model to estimate CLBR is needed in clinical practice for patient counselling and shaping expectations. METHODS: This retrospective study included 32,306 complete cycles derived from 29,023 couples undergoing IVF treatment from 2014 to 2020 at a university-affiliated fertility center in China. Three predictive models of CLBR were developed based on three phases of a complete cycle: pre-treatment, post-stimulation, and post-treatment. The non-linear relationship was treated with restricted cubic splines. Subjects from 2014 to 2018 were randomly divided into a training set and a test set at a ratio of 7:3 for model derivation and internal validation, while subjects from 2019 to 2020 were used for temporal validation. RESULTS: Predictors of pre-treatment model included female age (non-linear relationship), antral follicle count (non-linear relationship), body mass index, number of previous IVF attempts, number of previous embryo transfer failure, type of infertility, tubal factor, male factor, and scarred uterus. Predictors of post-stimulation model included female age (non-linear relationship), number of oocytes retrieved (non-linear relationship), number of previous IVF attempts, number of previous embryo transfer failure, type of infertility, scarred uterus, stimulation protocol, as well as endometrial thickness, progesterone and luteinizing hormone on trigger day. Predictors of post-treatment model included female age (non-linear relationship), number of oocytes retrieved (non-linear relationship), cumulative Day-3 embryos live-birth capacity (non-linear relationship), number of previous IVF attempts, scarred uterus, stimulation protocol, as well as endometrial thickness, progesterone and luteinizing hormone on trigger day. The C index of the three models were 0.7559, 0.7744, and 0.8270, respectively. All models were well calibrated (p = 0.687, p = 0.468, p = 0.549). In internal validation, the C index of the three models were 0.7422, 0.7722, 0.8234, respectively; and the calibration P values were all greater than 0.05. In temporal validation, the C index were 0.7430, 0.7722, 0.8234 respectively; however, the calibration P values were less than 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides three IVF models to predict CLBR according to information from different treatment stage, and these models have been converted into an online calculator ( https://h5.eheren.com/hcyc/pc/index.html#/home ). Internal validation and temporal validation verified the good discrimination of the predictive models. However, temporal validation suggested low accuracy of the predictive models, which might be attributed to time-associated amelioration of IVF practice.


Assuntos
Coeficiente de Natalidade , Fertilização in vitro , Nascido Vivo , Humanos , Feminino , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gravidez , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Masculino , Taxa de Gravidez , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Transferência Embrionária/métodos
4.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1348771, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863934

RESUMO

Background: Ovarian stimulation (OS) for in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in women with PCOS often results in multiple follicular development, yet some individuals experience poor or suboptimal responses. Limited data exist regarding the impact of poor/suboptimal ovarian response on pregnancy outcomes in women with PCOS. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the live birth rate (LBR) per fresh embryo transfer and cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) per aspiration cycle differ in women with PCOS defined by the Patient-Oriented Strategy Encompassing IndividualizeD Oocyte Number (POSEIDON) criteria. Methods: A retrospective study involving 2,377 women with PCOS who underwent their first IVF/ICSI cycle at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital from January 2011 to December 2020 was used. Patients were categorized into four groups based on age, antral follicle count, and the number of oocytes retrieved, according to the POSEIDON criteria. The LBR and CLBR were compared among these groups. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess whether the POSEIDON criteria served as independent risk factors and identify factors associated with POSEIDON. Results: For patients <35 years old, there was no significant difference in the clinical pregnancy rate between POSEIDON and non-POSEIDON patients, whereas POSEIDON patients exhibited lower rates of implantation and live birth. POSEIDON Group 1a displayed lower rates of implantation, clinical pregnancy, and live birth. However, no significant differences were observed in the rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth between POSEIDON Group 1b and non-POSEIDON groups. For patients ≥35 years old, there were no significant differences in the rates of implantation, clinical pregnancy, and live birth between POSEIDON and non-POSEIDON patients. CLBRs were significantly lower in POSEIDON Groups 1 and 2, compared with the non-POSEIDON groups. The levels of body mass index (BMI), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and antral follicle count (AFC) were associated with POSEIDON hypo-response. POSEIDON was found to be associated with lower CLBR, but not LBR per fresh embryo transfer. Conclusions: In patients with PCOS, an unexpected suboptimal response can achieve a fair LBR per fresh embryo transfer. However, CLBR per aspirated cycle in POSEIDON patients was lower than that of normal responders. BMI, basal FSH level, and AFC were independent factors associated with POSEIDON. Our study provides data for decision-making in women with PCOS after an unexpected poor/suboptimal response to OS.


Assuntos
Coeficiente de Natalidade , Transferência Embrionária , Fertilização in vitro , Nascido Vivo , Indução da Ovulação , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Taxa de Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Gravidez , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Resultado da Gravidez , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia
5.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(6): e2417397, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884995

RESUMO

Importance: Many studies have reported that the interpregnancy interval (IPI) is a potential modifiable risk factor for adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the association between IPI after live birth and subsequent spontaneous abortion (SA) is unclear. Objective: To investigate the association of IPI after a healthy live birth and subsequent SA. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study used data from 180 921 women aged 20 to 49 years who had a single healthy live birth and planned for another pregnancy and who participated in the Chinese National Free Prepregnancy Checkups Project from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2020. Statistical analysis was conducted from June 20 to October 5, 2023. Exposure: Interpregnancy interval, defined as the interval between the delivery date and conception of the subsequent pregnancy, was categorized as follows: less than 18 months, 18 to 23 months, 24 to 35 months, 36 to 59 months, and 60 months or longer. Main Outcomes and Measures: The main outcome was SA. Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were calculated by logistic regression models to examine the association between IPI and the risk of SA. Dose-response associations were evaluated by restricted cubic splines. Results: The analyses included 180 921 multiparous women (mean [SD] age at current pregnancy, 26.3 [2.8] years); 4380 SA events (2.4% of all participants) were recorded. A J-shaped association between IPI levels and SA was identified. In the fully adjusted model, compared with IPIs of 18 to 23 months, both short (<18 months) and long (≥36 months) IPIs showed an increased risk of SA (IPIs of <18 months: OR, 1.15 [95% CI, 1.04-1.27]; IPIs of 36-59 months: OR, 1.28 [95% CI, 1.15-1.43]; IPIs of ≥60 months: OR, 2.13 [95% CI, 1.78-2.56]). Results of the subgroup analysis by mode of previous delivery were consistent with the main analysis. Conclusions and Relevance: This cohort study of multiparous women suggests that an IPI of shorter than 18 months or an IPI of 36 months or longer after a healthy live birth was associated with an increased risk of subsequent SA. The findings are valuable to make a rational prepregnancy plan and may facilitate the prevention of SA and improvement in neonatal outcomes.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Intervalo entre Nascimentos , Nascido Vivo , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Intervalo entre Nascimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Fatores de Risco
6.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 343, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitrification procedures decrease intracytoplasmic lipid content and impair developmental competence. Adding fatty acids (FAs) to the warming solution has been shown to recover the lipid content of the cytoplasm and improve developmental competence and pregnancy outcomes. However, the influence of the FA supplementation on live birth rates after embryo transfers and perinatal outcomes remains unknown. In the present study, we examined the influence of FA-supplemented warming solutions on live birth rates, pregnancy complications, and neonatal outcomes after single vitrified-warmed cleavage-stage embryo transfers (SVCTs). METHODS: The clinical records of 701 treatment cycles in 701 women who underwent SVCTs were retrospectively analyzed. Vitrified embryos were warmed using solutions (from April 2022 to June 2022, control group) or FA-supplemented solutions (from July 2022 to September 2022, FA group). The live birth rate, pregnancy complications, and perinatal outcomes were compared between the control and FA groups. RESULTS: The live birth rate per transfer was significantly higher in the FA group than in the control group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis further demonstrated a higher probability of live births in the FA group than in the control group. Miscarriage rates, the incidence and types of pregnancy complications, the cesarean section rate, gestational age, incidence of preterm delivery, birth length and weight, incidence of low birth weight, infant sex, and incidence of birth defects were all comparable between the control and FA groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis further demonstrated no adverse effects of FA-supplemented warming solutions. CONCLUSIONS: FA-supplemented warming solutions improved live birth rates after SVCTs without exerting any adverse effects on maternal and obstetric outcomes. Therefore, FA-supplemented solutions can be considered safe and effective for improving clinical outcomes and reducing patient burden.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária , Ácidos Graxos , Resultado da Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Vitrificação , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Recém-Nascido , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Coeficiente de Natalidade
7.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1365467, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706702

RESUMO

Background: Low-dose aspirin is one of the widely used adjuvants in assisted reproductive technologies with the hope of improving the live birth rate. However, the studies regarding its effects are conflicting. The study aimed to investigate the association between aspirin administration and live birth following frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) in patients with different body mass index (BMI). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 11,993 patients receiving FET treatments. 644 of which received a low-dose aspirin (100 mg/day) during endometrial preparation until 10 weeks after transfer. Propensity score matching was performed to avoid selection biases and potential confounders. Results: The clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate were similar before matching (54.4% versus 55.4%, RR: 1.02, 95%CI: 0.95-1.09, and 46.3 versus 47.8, RR: 1.03, 95%CI: 0.95-1.12 respectively). A weak association in favor of aspirin administration was found in the matched cohort (49.5% versus 55.4%, RR: 1.12, 95%CI: 1.01-1.24, and 41.9% versus 47.8%, RR: 1.14, 95%CI: 1.01-1.29 respectively). However, when stratified the patients with WHO BMI criteria, a significant increase in live birth rate associated with aspirin treatment was found only in patients with low BMI (<18.5 kg/m2) in either unmatched (46.4% versus 59.8%, RR:1.29, 95%CI:1.07-1.55) or matched cohort (44% versus 59.8%, RR: 1.36, 95%CI: 1.01-1.83) but not in patients with higher BMI categories. With the interaction analysis, less association between aspirin and live birth appeared in patients with normal BMI (Ratio of OR:0.49, 95%CI: 0.29-0.81) and high BMI (Ratio of OR:0.57, 95%CI: 0.27-1.2) compared with patients with low BMI. Conclusion: BMI may be considered when evaluating aspirin's effect in FET cycles.


Assuntos
Aspirina , Índice de Massa Corporal , Transferência Embrionária , Taxa de Gravidez , Pontuação de Propensão , Humanos , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Adulto , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Criopreservação/métodos , Resultado da Gravidez , Fertilização in vitro/métodos
8.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1343176, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742200

RESUMO

Study objective: To investigate whether different timings of GnRH-a downregulation affected assisted reproductive outcomes in infertile women with moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) accompanied by adenomyosis. Design: A retrospective case series. Setting: An assisted reproductive technology center. Patients: The study reviewed 123 infertile women with moderate-to-severe IUAs accompanied by adenomyosis undergoing their first frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles between January 2019 and December 2021. Measurements and main results: The majority of patients had moderate IUA (n=116, 94.31%). The average Basal uterine volume was 73.58 ± 36.50 cm3. The mean interval from operation to the first downregulation was 21.07 ± 18.02 days (range, 1-79 days). The mean duration of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was 16.93 ± 6.29 days. The average endometrial thickness on the day before transfer was 10.83 ± 1.75 mm. A total of 70 women achieved clinical pregnancy (56.91%). Perinatal outcomes included live birth (n=47, 67.14%), early miscarriage (n=18, 25.71%), and late miscarriage (n=5, 7.14%). The time interval between uterine operation and the first downregulation was not a significant variable affecting live birth. Maternal age was the only risk factor associated with live birth (OR:0.89; 95% CI: 0.79-0.99, P=0.041). Conclusions: The earlier initiation of GnRH-a to suppress adenomyosis prior to endometrial preparation for frozen embryo transfer did not negatively impact repair of the endometrium after resection.


Assuntos
Adenomiose , Transferência Embrionária , Endométrio , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Infertilidade Feminina , Nascido Vivo , Humanos , Feminino , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gravidez , Endométrio/efeitos dos fármacos , Endométrio/patologia , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Taxa de Gravidez , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Aderências Teciduais , Fertilização in vitro/métodos
9.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 22(1): 56, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian stimulation and the use of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) for triggering oocyte maturation in women undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) introduces several differences in luteal phase hormone levels compared with natural cycles that may negatively impact on endometrial receptivity and pregnancy rates after fresh embryo transfer. Exogenous luteal phase support is given to overcome these issues. The suitability of a pragmatic approach to luteal phase support is not known due to a lack of data on early phase luteal hormone levels and their association with fertility outcomes during IVF with fresh embryo transfer. This study determined early luteal phase profiles of serum progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone and hCG, and associations between hormone levels/hormone level profile after hCG trigger and the live birth rate in women undergoing IVF with fresh embryo transfer. METHODS: This prospective single center, cohort study was conducted in Vietnam from January 2021 to December 2022. Women aged 18-38 years with normal ovarian reserve and undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation using a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist protocol were included. Serum hormone levels were determined before trigger, at 12, 24 and 36 h after hCG, and daily from 1 to 6 days after oocyte pick-up. Serum hormone level profiles were classified as lower or upper. The primary outcome was live birth rate based on early luteal phase hormone level profile. RESULTS: Ninety-five women were enrolled. Live birth occurred in 19/69 women (27.5%) with a lower progesterone profile and 13/22 (59.1%) with an upper progesterone profile (risk ratio [RR] 2.15; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.28-3.60), and in 6/31 (19.4%) versus 26/60 (43.3%) with a lower versus upper serum 17-hydroxyprogesterone profile (RR 2.24; 95% CI 1.03-4.86). Nearly 20% of women had peak progesterone concentration on or before day 3 after oocyte pick-up, and this was associated with significantly lower chances of having a life birth. CONCLUSIONS: These data show the importance of proper corpus luteum function with sufficient progesterone/17-hydroxyprogesterone production for achievement of pregnancy and to maximize the chance of live birth during IVF. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04693624 ( www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov ).


Assuntos
Gonadotropina Coriônica , Fertilização in vitro , Fase Luteal , Indução da Ovulação , Progesterona , Humanos , Feminino , Fase Luteal/sangue , Fase Luteal/fisiologia , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Adulto , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Progesterona/sangue , Gonadotropina Coriônica/administração & dosagem , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Taxa de Gravidez , Adulto Jovem , 17-alfa-Hidroxiprogesterona/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Adolescente , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia
10.
Obstet Gynecol ; 143(6): 839-848, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696814

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of demographic shifts, changes in contemporaneous clinical practices, and technologic innovation on assisted reproductive technology (ART) success rates by conducting an analysis of cumulative live-birth rates across different time periods, age groups, and infertility diagnoses. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of autologous linked cycles comparing cumulative live-birth rates over successive cycles from patients undergoing their first retrieval between 2014 and 2019 in the SART CORS (Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System) database. All cycles reported for these individuals up to 2020 were included for analysis. We compared cumulative live-birth rates stratified by age and infertility cause with published data from the 2004-2009 SART CORS database. RESULTS: From 2014 to 2019, 447,042 patients underwent their first autologous index retrieval, resulting in 1,007,374 cycles and 252,215 live births over the period of 2014 to 2020. In contrast, between 2004 and 2008, 246,740 patients underwent 471,208 cycles, resulting in 140,859 births by 2009. Noteworthy shifts in demographics were observed, with an increase in people of color seeking reproductive technology (57.9% vs 51.7%, P <.001). There was also an increase in patients with diminished ovarian reserve and ovulatory disorders and a decrease in endometriosis, tubal, and male factor infertility ( P <.001). Previously associated with decreased odds of live birth, frozen embryo transfer and preimplantation genetic testing showed increased odds in 2014-2020. Preimplantation genetic testing rose from 3.4% to 36.0% and was associated with a lower cumulative live-birth rate for those younger than age 35 years ( P <.001) but a higher cumulative live-birth rate for those aged 35 years or older ( P <.001). Comparing 2014-2020 with 2004-2009 shows that the overall cumulative live-birth rate improved for patients aged 35 years or older and for all infertility diagnoses except ovulatory disorders ( P <.001). CONCLUSION: This analysis provides insights into the changing landscape of ART treatments in the United States over the past two decades. The observed shifts in demographics, clinical practices, and technology highlight the dynamic nature of an evolving field of reproductive medicine. These findings may offer insight for clinicians to consider in counseling patients and to inform future research endeavors in the field of ART.


Assuntos
Nascido Vivo , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Infertilidade/terapia , Infertilidade/epidemiologia , Masculino , Coeficiente de Natalidade/tendências
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1372753, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689731

RESUMO

Background: This study investigates the potential impact of high progesterone (P) level on the day following human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) injection on the clinical pregnancy outcomes of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Methods: Retrospective analysis was conducted on 6418 cycles of IVF-ET performed at Liuzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital between August 2020 to December 2021. Excluding cycles with progesterone levels ≥1.5ng/ml on HCG injection, a total of 781 cycles were identified according to the standard, and they were divided into five groups according to the progesterone level on the day after HCG: Group A: progesterone level < 2.5 ng/ml (n = 128); Group B: 2.5 ng/ml ≤ progesterone level < 3.5 ng/ml (n = 174); Group C: 3.5 ng/ml ≤ progesterone level < 4.5 ng/ml (n = 153); Group D: 4.5 ng/ml ≤ progesterone level < 5.5 ng/ml (n = 132); Group E progesterone level ≥5.5 ng/ml(n=194). Comparative analyses of clinical data, including general clinical data, and clinical pregnancy outcomes such as clinical pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate, and live birth rate were performed among these groups. Results: There were significant differences in estradiol levels on HCG injection, but there were no differences in available embryo rate, clinical pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate, and live birth rate. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that there was no significant correlation between P level on the day after HCG injection and the live birth rate. Conclusion: Under the condition of low P level on HCG injection, high progesterone levels on the day after HCG injection does not affect the clinical pregnancy outcomes of IVF-ET.


Assuntos
Gonadotropina Coriônica , Transferência Embrionária , Fertilização in vitro , Resultado da Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Progesterona , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Progesterona/sangue , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Gonadotropina Coriônica/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Indução da Ovulação/métodos
12.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 22(1): 53, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth hormone (GH) has been proposed as an adjunct in in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles, especially in women with poor ovarian response. However, it is unclear whether GH supplementation is effective in women with poor embryonic development in the previous IVF cycle. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of GH supplementation in IVF/ICSI cycles in women with poor embryonic development in the previous cycle. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study from a public fertility center in China, in which we performed propensity score-matching (PSM) for female age and AFC in a ratio of 1:1. We compared the cumulative live birth rate per started cycle, as well as a series of secondary outcomes. We included 3,043 women with poor embryonic development in the previous IVF/ICSI cycle, of which 1,326 had GH as adjuvant therapy and 1,717 had not. After PSM, there were 694 women in each group. RESULTS: After PSM, multivariate analyses showed the cumulative live birth rate to be significantly higher in the GH group than the control group [N = 694, 34.7% vs. N = 694, 27.5%, risk ratio (RR): 1.4 (95%CI: 1.1-1.8)]. Endometrial thickness, number of oocytes retrieved, number of embryos available, and number of good-quality embryos were significantly higher in the GH group compared to controls. Pregnancy outcomes in terms of birth weight, gestational age, fetal sex, preterm birth rate, and type of delivery were comparable. When we evaluated the impact of GH on different categories of female age, the observed benefit in the GH group did not appear to be significant. When we assessed the effect of GH in different AFC categories, the effect of GH was strongest in women with an AFC5-6 (32.2% versus 19.5%; RR 2.0; 95% CI 1.2-3.3). CONCLUSIONS: Women with poor embryonic quality in the previous IVF/ICSI cycles have higher rates of cumulative live birth with GH supplementation.


Assuntos
Coeficiente de Natalidade , Fertilização in vitro , Nascido Vivo , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Humanos , Feminino , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Adulto , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Taxa de Gravidez , China/epidemiologia , Hormônio do Crescimento/administração & dosagem , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Coortes
13.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 41(5): 1173-1179, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557804

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether a second biopsy, following a first diagnostic failure on blastocysts tested for preimplantation genetic testing for monogenic diseases (PGT-M), allows to obtain genetic diagnosis and to what extent this procedure can influence clinical pregnancy and live birth rates compared to the PGT-M process with a successful genetic diagnosis from the first biopsy. METHODS: Embryos from women who underwent PGT-M in an infertility centre and who had been transferred after two biopsies for genetic analysis (n = 27) were matched in a 1:1 ratio accordingly to women's age (± 1 year) and fertility status (fertile vs infertile), as well as with the study period, with embryos who were transferred after receiving a conclusive PGT result straight after the first biopsy (n = 27). The main evaluated outcome was clinical pregnancy rate following embryo transfers in which healthy embryos were transferred after only one biopsy and those in which an embryo was transferred after being re-biopsied. Live birth rate was the secondary outcome. RESULTS: Clinical pregnancy rate was 52% (95% CI: 34-69) following the transfer of a single-biopsy blastocyst and 30% (95% CI: 16-48) following the transfer of a re-biopsied blastocyst. The likelihood to have a healthy baby was 33% (95% CI: 19-52) following the transfer of a blastocyst biopsied once and 22% (95% CI: 11-41) following the transfer of a re-biopsied blastocyst. CONCLUSIONS: The re-biopsy intervention seems to considerably reduce the pregnancy potential of a blastocyst. However, a greater sample size is necessary to clarify this issue definitively.


Assuntos
Blastocisto , Transferência Embrionária , Testes Genéticos , Nascido Vivo , Taxa de Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação , Humanos , Feminino , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação/métodos , Gravidez , Adulto , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Biópsia , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Blastocisto/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Nascido Vivo/genética , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Resultado da Gravidez/genética
14.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 41(5): 1213-1219, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642270

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether leukocytospermia (defined as the presence of ≥ 1 × 106 white blood cells/mL) affects clinical and embryologic outcomes in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study including 5425 cycles between January 2012 to December 2021 at a single large university-affiliated fertility clinic. The primary outcome was live birth rate (LBR). RESULTS: The prevalence of leukocytospermia was 33.9% (n = 1843). Baseline characteristics including female age, BMI, AMH, Day 3 FSH, and male partner's age were similar in cycles with and without leukocytospermia. The LBR after the first euploid embryo transfer was similar in those with and without leukocytospermia (62.3% vs. 63% p = 0.625). Secondary outcomes including clinical pregnancy rate (CPR), sustained implantation rate (SIR), fertilization (2PN) rate, blastulation rate, and aneuploidy rate were also evaluated. The CPR (73.3% vs 74.9%, p = 0.213) and SIR (64.6% vs. 66%, p = 0.305) were similar in both groups. The 2PN rate was also similar in both groups (85.7% vs. 85.8%, p = 0.791), as was the blastulation rate per 2PN (56.7% vs. 57.5%, p = 0.116). The aneuploidy rate was not significantly different between groups (25.7% vs 24.4%, p = 0.053). A generalized estimation equation with logistic regression demonstrated that the presence leukocytospermia did not influence the LBR (adjusted OR 0.878; 95% CI, 0.680-1.138). CONCLUSION: Leukocytospermia diagnosed just prior to an IVF cycle with PGT-A does not negatively impact clinical or embryologic outcomes.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Transferência Embrionária , Fertilização in vitro , Testes Genéticos , Taxa de Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Humanos , Feminino , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Gravidez , Masculino , Adulto , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Nascido Vivo/genética , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Leucócitos/patologia , Infertilidade Masculina/genética , Infertilidade Masculina/patologia , Infertilidade Masculina/terapia , Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico , Implantação do Embrião/genética
15.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 4: CD013875, 2024 04 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38682756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) consists of plasma and a concentrate of platelets extracted from fresh whole blood of the person being treated. Research has suggested that intrauterine or intraovarian infusion/injection of PRP before embryo transfer may improve endometrial receptivity and response to ovarian stimulation in women undergoing assisted reproduction. We compared these interventions to standard treatment, placebo, or other interventions (mechanical or pharmacological). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of intrauterine and intraovarian infusion/injection of platelet-rich plasma in infertile women undergoing assisted reproductive technology cycles. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group's Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and the Epistemonikos database in January 2023. We also searched the reference lists of relevant articles and contacted the trial authors and experts in the field for any additional trials. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the application of PRP in the uterine cavity, ovaries, or both versus no intervention, placebo, or any other intervention (either mechanical or pharmacological) in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We followed standard methodological procedures recommended by Cochrane, including use of the updated risk of bias tool (RoB 2). The primary outcomes were live birth (or ongoing pregnancy) and miscarriage. The secondary outcomes were clinical pregnancy, complications of the procedure, multiple pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, fetal growth restriction, preterm delivery, and fetal abnormality. We estimated the average effect of the interventions by fitting a Der Simonian-Laird's random-effects meta-analysis model. We reported pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). We restricted the primary analyses to trials at low risk of bias for the outcomes and performed sensitivity analyses that included all studies. MAIN RESULTS: We included 12 parallel-group RCTs that recruited a total of 1069 women. We identified three different comparison groups. Using GRADE, we assessed the certainty of evidence as very low for almost all outcomes. Intrauterine injection/infusion of platelet-rich plasma versus no intervention or placebo Nine studies evaluated intrauterine PRP versus no intervention or placebo. Eight included women with at least two or three previous implantation failures. Only one was assessed at low risk of bias for each outcome. This study provided very low-certainty evidence about the effect of intrauterine PRP injection versus no intervention on live birth (OR 1.10, 95% CI 0.38 to 3.14; 94 women) and miscarriage (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.13 to 7.09; 94 women). If the likelihood of live birth following no intervention is assumed to be 17%, then the likelihood following intrauterine PRP would be 7% to 40%; and if the risk of miscarriage following no intervention is 4%, then the risk following intrauterine PRP would be 1% to 24%. When we analyzed all studies (regardless of risk of bias), we found very low-certainty evidence about the effect of intrauterine PRP compared with placebo or no intervention on live birth or ongoing pregnancy (OR 2.38, 95% CI 1.16 to 4.86; I² = 54%; 6 studies, 564 women) and miscarriage (OR 1.54, 95% CI 0.59 to 4.01; I² = 0%; 5 studies, 504 women). The study at low risk of bias provided very low-certainty evidence about the effect of intrauterine PRP compared with no intervention on clinical pregnancy (OR 1.55, 95% CI 0.64 to 3.76; 94 women) and ectopic pregnancy (OR 2.94, 95% CI 0.12 to 73.95; 94 women). The synthesis of all studies provided very low-certainty evidence about the effect of intrauterine PRP compared with placebo or no intervention on clinical pregnancy (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.50 to 3.27; I² = 24%; 9 studies, 824 women), multiple pregnancy (OR 2.68, 95% CI 0.81 to 8.88; I² = 0%; 2 studies, 240 women), and ectopic pregnancy (OR 2.94, 95% CI 0.12 to 73.95; 1 study, 94 women; very low-certainty evidence). Intrauterine infusion of PRP may increase the risk of preterm delivery compared with no intervention (OR 8.02, 95% CI 1.72 to 37.33; 1 study, 120 women; low-certainty evidence). No studies reported pain, infection, allergic reaction, fetal growth restriction, or fetal abnormality. Intrauterine infusion of platelet-rich plasma versus intrauterine infusion of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor Two RCTs evaluated intrauterine PRP versus intrauterine granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF); both included women with thin endometrium, and neither was judged at low risk of bias for any outcome. We are uncertain about the effect of intrauterine PRP compared with intrauterine G-CSF on live birth (OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.43 to 1.81; 1 study, 132 women; very low-certainty evidence), miscarriage (OR 1.94, 95% CI 0.63 to 5.96; 1 study, 132 women; very low-certainty evidence), and clinical pregnancy (OR 1.24, 95% CI 0.66 to 2.35; 2 studies, 172 women; very low-certainty evidence). Neither study reported adverse outcomes other than miscarriage. Intraovarian injection of platelet-rich plasma versus no intervention One RCT evaluated PRP injection into both ovaries versus no intervention; it was judged at high risk of bias for the two outcomes it reported. We are uncertain about the effect of intraovarian PRP injection compared with no intervention on ongoing pregnancy (OR 1.09, 95% CI 0.33 to 3.63; 73 women; very low-certainty evidence) and clinical pregnancy (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.31 to 2.60; 73 women; very low-certainty evidence). The study examined no safety outcomes. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We are uncertain about the effect of intrauterine or intraovarian administration of PRP on outcomes of assisted reproduction technology in infertile women. The pooled results should be interpreted with caution. Only one of the 12 included studies was judged at low risk of bias. Other limitations of the included trials were failure to report live birth, poor reporting of methods, lack of prospective protocol registration, low precision due to the small number of enrolled participants, indirectness due to the specific subpopulations and settings studied, and insufficient or absent safety data.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Infertilidade Feminina , Nascido Vivo , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Taxa de Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Viés , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Útero , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Implantação do Embrião , Ovário , Gravidez Múltipla
16.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 230, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) is considered as the most important endpoint for assessing the probability of having a baby in a complete in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) treatment cycle. Many previous studies have focused on the association between thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) and live birth rate after first embryo transfer cycle, however, evidence on whether the presence of TAI affects the CLBR is lacking. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of TAI on the CLBR in a complete IVF/ICSI cycle. METHODS: This retrospective study included 12,796 women who underwent their first IVF/ICSI treatment between January 2019 and February 2021. Based on the levels of thyroid antibodies, 2,603 women were assigned to the TAI group, and 10,193 women were assigned to the control group. Subgroup analysis was performed according to the different causes of infertility (including male factor only, ovulation disorder, tubal factor, endometriosis and unexplained infertility) and different types and titres of thyroid antibodies. The primary outcome in this study was CLBR, which included live births from the fresh embryo transfer cycle and all subsequent frozen-thawed embryo transfer cycles performed before December 2021. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the CLBR between the TAI and control groups, even after adjusting for relevant confounders including age, body mass index, cause of infertility, thyroid function, protocols of controlled ovarian stimulation, type of transfer (fresh vs. frozen), type of transferred embryo (cleavage-stage embryo vs. blastocyst), and fertilization method (IVF vs. ICSI) (cumulative live birth: 50.6% vs. 52.1%, OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.86-1.02, adjusted OR 0.97, 95%CI 0.89-1.06). Subgroup analysis showed that no significant difference was observed in CLBR between the TAI and control groups for all causes of infertility, except for infertility attributed to endometriosis. Among women with endometriosis, the CLBR was significantly lower in the TAI group than that in the control group; however, this difference was not significant after adjusting for potential confounders including age, body mass index, thyroid function, protocols of controlled ovarian stimulation, type of transfer (fresh vs. frozen), type of transferred embryo (cleavage-stage embryo vs. blastocyst), and fertilization method (IVF vs. ICSI) (cumulative live births: 43.1% vs. 51.0%, OR 0.73, 95% CI 0.53-0.99, adjusted OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.53-1.02). Another subgroup analysis demonstrated that the type and titre of thyroid antibody did not affect CLBR in women with TAI. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, there was no significant difference in the CLBR between women with TAI and those without TAI, which suggests that TAI did not affect the chances of having a baby in a complete IVF/ICSI treatment cycle.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Infertilidade , Gravidez , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autoimunidade , Glândula Tireoide , Sêmen , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Taxa de Gravidez
17.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 230, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594688

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effect of diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) on the clinical outcomes and maternal and infant safety of in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) procedures in young women aged ≤ 35 years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed to analyze the clinical data of 4,203 infertile women aged ≤ 35 years who underwent fresh embryo transfer (ET) in IVF/ICSI cycles. The data were collected from their initial visits to Fujian Maternity and Child Health Hospital between January 2015 and January 2022. Based on their ovarian reserve, the participants were categorized into two groups: DOR group (n = 1,027) and non-DOR group (n = 3,176). A propensity score matching (PSM) method was employed to ensure a relatively balanced distribution of covariates. The primary outcome assessed in this study was the live birth rate, while the secondary observation indicators included rates of high-quality embryo development, blastocyst formation, clinical pregnancy, and miscarriage, along with perinatal complications, neonatal birth weight, and the incidence of low birth weight (LBW). RESULTS: The DOR group showed notably lowered rates of blastocyst formation (59.8% vs. 64.1%), embryo implantation (29.8% vs.33.3%), clinical pregnancy (47.9% vs. 53.6%), and live birth (40.6% vs. 45.7%) compared to the non-DOR group (all P < 0.05). However, no statistically significant differences were observed in the high-quality embryo rate, miscarriage rate, perinatal complications, neonatal birth weight, or LBW incidence in infants between both groups (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: DOR has been found to reduce both clinical pregnancy and live birth rates in young females undergoing fresh ET in IVF/ICSI cycles. However, this reduction does not increase the risk of perinatal complications or LBW of infants through live birth cycles.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Infertilidade Feminina , Doenças Ovarianas , Reserva Ovariana , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Criança , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Peso ao Nascer , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Sêmen , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Fertilização in vitro , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Taxa de Gravidez , Coeficiente de Natalidade
18.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 276, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of performing frozen-thawed high-quality single blastocyst transfer in women of different ages. METHODS: A total of 1,279 women were divided into four groups: a 38-40-year-old group (n = 147), 35-37-year-old group (n = 164), 30-34-year-old group (n = 483), and < 30-year-old group (n = 485). Intergroup comparisons of baseline characteristics and pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were made. RESULTS: The clinical pregnancy rate (47.6%), and live birth rate (34.0%) in the 38-40-year-old group were significantly lower than those in the 30-34-year-old group (64.4%, 50.9%, respectively; all P < 0.001) and < 30-year-old group (62.9%, 50.7%, respectively; all P < 0.001). However, the 35-37-year-old group did not differ from the other three groups in these two dimensions (all P > 0.05). Moreover, there were no differences in the rates of biochemical pregnancy, miscarriage, or obstetric or neonatal complications among the four groups (all P > 0.05). According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, the 35-37-year-old group was not associated with non-live birth outcomes, adverse pregnancy outcomes, or obstetric or neonatal complications. However, being 38-40 years of age was a risk factor for non-live birth (OR = 2.121, 95% CI: 1.233-3.647) and adverse pregnancy outcomes (OR = 1.630, 95% CI: 1.010-2.633). Post hoc power analysis showed that the study was sufficiently powered to detect meaningful differences. CONCLUSION: Frozen-thawed high-quality single blastocyst transfer produces the same satisfactory pregnancy outcomes for women aged 35-37 years as younger patients. Future prospective randomized controlled studies with larger populations are needed to verify the feasibility and safety of this method.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Taxa de Gravidez , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia
19.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 289, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported inconsistent results regarding blastocyst selection with a high day 3 (D3) cell number and the eventual pregnancy outcomes. Thus, in this study, the relationship between the D3 cell number and clinical outcomes of day 5 single blastocyst transfer (SBT) in vitrified-warmed transfer cycles was investigated. METHODS: Our retrospective study included 1144 day 5 SBT in vitrified-warmed cycles between February 2016 and February 2021. All cycles were the first vitrified-warmed cycles, and the female patients were less than 35 years of age. Based on the D3 cell number, the cycles were divided into four groups, as follows: group A (3-7 cells, n = 130); group B (8-9 cells, n = 621); group C (10-12 cells, n = 328); and group D (13-16 cells, n = 65). The differences in the live birth rate (LBR), clinical pregnancy rate, and miscarriage rate were examined among the four groups. RESULTS: The LBR and clinical pregnancy rate increased with the D3 cell number (P < 0.01). No significant difference was found in the miscarriage rate among the groups (P = 0.055). After adjusting for confounding factors, the LBR was significantly higher in groups C (odds ratio [OR] = 1.477, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.124-1.941, P = 0.005) and D (OR = 2.000, 95% CI: 1.166-3.429, P = 0.012) than in group B. CONCLUSIONS: A high D3 cell number (> 9 cells) was associated with a high LBR in the vitrified-warmed day 5 SBT cycles of patients < 35 years of age. The cell number of D3 embryos can be an important reference indicator for blastocyst selection. Among blastocysts with the same morphological score, those with > 9 cells on D3 can be preferentially selected for transplantation.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Coeficiente de Natalidade , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Criopreservação , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Taxa de Gravidez , Contagem de Células
20.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 41(4): 893-902, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600428

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is an unclear relationship between estradiol levels and fresh embryo transfer (ET) outcomes. We determined the relationship between estradiol on the day of trigger, in fresh ET cycles without premature progesterone elevation, and good birth outcomes (GBO). METHODS: We identified autologous fresh ET cycles from 2015 to 2021 at multiple clinics in the USA. Patients with recurrent pregnancy loss, uterine factor, and elevated progesterone on the day of trigger (progesterone > 2 ng/mL or 3-day area under the curve > 4.5 ng/mL) were excluded. The primary outcome was GBO (singleton, term, live birth with appropriate weight). Log-binomial generalized estimating equations determined the likelihood of outcomes. RESULTS: Of 17,608 fresh ET cycles, 5025 (29%) yielded GBO. Cycles with estradiol ≥ 4000 pg/mL had a greater likelihood of GBO compared to cycles < 1000 pg/mL (aRR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.13-1.54). Pairwise comparisons of estradiol between < 1000 pg/mL versus 1000-1999 pg/mL and 1000-1999 pg/mL versus 2000-2999 pg/mL revealed a higher likelihood of GBO with higher estradiol (aRR 0.83, 95% CI 0.73-0.95; aRR 0.91, 95% CI 0.85-0.97, respectively). Comparisons amongst more elevated estradiol levels revealed that the likelihood of GBO remained similar between groups (2000-2999 pg/mL versus 3000-3999 pg/mL, aRR 1.04, 95% CI 0.97-1.11; 3000-3999 pg/mL versus ≥ 4000 pg/mL, aRR 0.96, 95% CI 0.9-1.04). CONCLUSION: In fresh ET cycles, higher estradiol levels were associated with an increased prevalence of GBO until estradiol 2000-2999 pg/mL, thereafter plateauing. In fresh ET candidates, elevated estradiol levels should not preclude eligibility though premature progesterone rise, and risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome must still be considered.


Assuntos
Transferência Embrionária , Estradiol , Fertilização in vitro , Nascido Vivo , Indução da Ovulação , Taxa de Gravidez , Progesterona , Humanos , Feminino , Estradiol/sangue , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Gravidez , Adulto , Fertilização in vitro/métodos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Progesterona/sangue , Nascido Vivo/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...