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1.
Yonsei Med J ; 65(6): 356-362, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38804030

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There are many studies regarding the increased relationship between pregnancy outcomes of singleton with endometriosis. However, there was limited evidence of twin pregnancies with endometriosis. This study aimed to compare the pregnancy outcomes and complications in twin pregnancies with or without endometriosis in a single institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2011 to July 2022, a retrospective analysis of twin pregnancies was conducted. The endometriosis group included patient with histological or visual confirmation before pregnancy or during cesarean section. Pregnancy outcomes and complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Out of 1714 patients examined, 127 (7.4%) were included in the endometriosis group. Maternal body mass index (BMI) was lower in the endometriosis group (p<0.001). There were no significant differences in maternal age, mode of conception, chorionicity, and pregnancy outcomes, such as gestational age at delivery (p=0.835) and the preterm birth rate (p=0.579). The endometriosis group had a significantly higher rate of obstetrical complication: small for gestational age (SGA) <10% (p=0.029). However, after adjustment for BMI, the endometriosis group showed no statistical significance in obstetrical complications, including SGA (adjusted odds ratio, 1.568; 95% confidence interval, 0.984-2.499; p=0.059). CONCLUSION: Twin pregnancies with endometriosis were not related to adverse effects on pregnancy outcomes and obstetrical complications. To confirm these outcomes, further large prospective studies are required.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Endometriose , Complicações na Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Endometriose/complicações , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Recém-Nascido , Cesárea/efeitos adversos
2.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 22: eAO0514, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775604

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hypertensive disorders during pregnancy among Brazilian women with preterm births and to compare the epidemiological characteristics and perinatal outcomes among preterm births of women with and without hypertension. METHODS: This was a secondary cross-sectional analysis of the Brazilian Multicenter Study on Preterm Birth. During the study period, all women with preterm births were included and further split into two groups according to the occurrence of any hypertensive disorder during pregnancy. Prevalence ratios were calculated for each variable. Maternal characteristics, prenatal care, and gestational and perinatal outcomes were compared between the two groups using χ2 and t-tests. RESULTS: A total of 4,150 women with preterm births were included, and 1,169 (28.2%) were identified as having hypertensive disorders. Advanced maternal age (prevalence ratio (PR) 2.49) and obesity (PR= 2.64) were more common in the hypertensive group. The gestational outcomes were worse in women with hypertension. Early preterm births were also more frequent in women with hypertension. CONCLUSION: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy were frequent among women with preterm births, and provider-initiated preterm births were the leading causes of premature births in this group. The factors significantly associated with hypertensive disorders among women with preterm births were obesity, excessive weight gain, and higher maternal age.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Brasil/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Adulto , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Recém-Nascido , Fatores de Risco , Idade Materna , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Adolescente , Idade Gestacional
3.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 345, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710995

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the meta-analysis was to determine the influence of uterine fibroids on adverse outcomes, with specific emphasis on multiple or large (≥ 5 cm in diameter) fibroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and SinoMed databases for eligible studies that investigated the influence of uterine fibroids on adverse outcomes in pregnancy. The pooled risk ratio (RR) of the variables was estimated with fixed effect or random effect models. RESULTS: Twenty-four studies with 237 509 participants were included. The pooled results showed that fibroids elevated the risk of adverse outcomes, including preterm birth, cesarean delivery, placenta previa, miscarriage, preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), placental abruption, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), fetal distress, malposition, intrauterine fetal death, low birth weight, breech presentation, and preeclampsia. However, after adjusting for the potential factors, negative effects were only seen for preterm birth, cesarean delivery, placenta previa, placental abruption, PPH, intrauterine fetal death, breech presentation, and preeclampsia. Subgroup analysis showed an association between larger fibroids and significantly elevated risks of breech presentation, PPH, and placenta previa in comparison with small fibroids. Multiple fibroids did not increase the risk of breech presentation, placental abruption, cesarean delivery, PPH, placenta previa, PPROM, preterm birth, and intrauterine growth restriction. Meta-regression analyses indicated that maternal age only affected the relationship between uterine fibroids and preterm birth, and BMI influenced the relationship between uterine fibroids and intrauterine fetal death. Other potential confounding factors had no impact on malposition, fetal distress, PPROM, miscarriage, placenta previa, placental abruption, and PPH. CONCLUSION: The presence of uterine fibroids poses increased risks of adverse pregnancy and obstetric outcomes. Fibroid size influenced the risk of breech presentation, PPH, and placenta previa, while fibroid numbers had no impact on the risk of these outcomes.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Leiomioma , Resultado da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Neoplasias Uterinas , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Leiomioma/epidemiologia , Leiomioma/complicações , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/complicações , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Placenta Prévia/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/epidemiologia , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/etiologia , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Descolamento Prematuro da Placenta/epidemiologia , Descolamento Prematuro da Placenta/etiologia , Apresentação Pélvica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
4.
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol ; 38(4): 316-326, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although many studies suggested the benefit of smoking cessation among pregnant women in reducing the risk of preterm birth (PTB), the timing of the effect of the cessation remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of trimester-specific smoking cessation behaviours with PTB risk. METHODS: We included 199,453 live births in Western New York between 2004 and 2018. Based on self-reported cigarette smoking during preconception and in each trimester, we created six mutually exclusive groups: non-smokers, quitters in each trimester, those who smoked throughout pregnancy, and inconsistent smokers. Risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Poisson regression to examine the association between smoking cessation and PTB. Effect modification by illegal drug use, maternal age, race and ethnicity and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) was investigated multiplicatively by ratio of relative risk and additively by relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI). RESULTS: Overall, 6.7% of women had a PTB; 14.1% smoked throughout pregnancy and 3.4%, 1.8% and 0.8% reported quitting smoking during the first, second and third trimesters, respectively. Compared to non-smokers, third-trimester cessation (RR 1.20, 95% CI 1.01, 1.43) and smoking throughout pregnancy (RR 1.27, 95% CI 1.21, 1.33) were associated with a higher PTB risk, while quitting smoking during the first or second trimester, or inconsistent smoking was not associated with PTB. A positive additive interaction was identified for maternal age and late smoking cessation or smoking throughout pregnancy on PTB risk (RERI 0.17, 95% CI 0.00, 0.36), and a negative interaction was observed for pre-pregnancy BMI ≥30 kg/m2 (ratio of relative risk 0.70, 95% CI 0.63, 0.78; RERI -0.42, 95% CI -0.56, -0.30). CONCLUSION: Compared to non-smokers, smoking throughout pregnancy and third-trimester smoking cessation are associated with an increased risk of PTB, while quitting before the third trimester may not increase PTB risk.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Trimestres da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Adulto , New York/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Recém-Nascido
6.
J Korean Med Sci ; 39(13): e131, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to ambient air pollution is linked to a higher risk of unfavorable pregnancy outcomes. However, the association between pregnancy complications and exposure to indoor air pollution remains unclear. The Air Pollution on Pregnancy Outcomes research is a hospital-based prospective cohort research created to look into the effects of aerodynamically exposed particulate matter (PM)10 and PM2.5 on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This prospective multicenter observational cohort study was conducted from January 2021 to June 2023. A total of 662 women with singleton pregnancies enrolled in this study. An AirguardK® air sensor was installed inside the homes of the participants to measure the individual PM10 and PM2.5 levels in the living environment. The time-activity patterns and PM10 and PM2.5, determined as concentrations from the time-weighted average model, were applied to determine the anticipated exposure levels to air pollution of each pregnant woman. The relationship between air pollution exposure and pregnancy outcomes was assessed using logistic and linear regression analyses. RESULTS: Exposure to elevated levels of PM10 throughout the first, second, and third trimesters as well as throughout pregnancy was strongly correlated with the risk of pregnancy problems according to multiple logistic regression models adjusted for variables. Except for in the third trimester of pregnancy, women exposed to high levels of PM2.5 had a high risk of pregnancy complications. During the second trimester and entire pregnancy, the risk of preterm birth (PTB) increased by 24% and 27%, respectively, for each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM10. Exposure to high PM10 levels during the second trimester increased the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by 30%. The risk of GDM increased by 15% for each 5 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 during the second trimester and overall pregnancy, respectively. Exposure to high PM10 and PM2.5 during the first trimester of pregnancy increased the risk of delivering small for gestational age (SGA) infants by 96% and 26%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Exposure to high concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 is strongly correlated with the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Exposure to high levels of PM10 and PM2.5 during the second trimester and entire pregnancy, respectively, significantly increased the risk of PTB and GDM. Exposure to high levels of PM10 and PM2.5 during the first trimester of pregnancy considerably increased the risk of having SGA infants. Our findings highlight the need to measure individual particulate levels during pregnancy and the importance of managing air quality in residential environment.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Diabetes Gestacional , Complicações na Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Resultado da Gravidez , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Estudos Prospectivos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , China
7.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 268, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although acetaminophen is widely used in women during pregnancy, its safety has not been clearly stated. The study aimed to investigate the association between acetaminophen use and adverse pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women in China. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by collecting data on pregnant women who delivered in the Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital from January 2018 to September 2023. An acetaminophen use group and a control group were formed based on prenatal exposure to acetaminophen. The pregnancy outcomes that we focused on were stillbirth, miscarriage, preterm birth, APGAR score, birth weight, and congenital disabilities. Pregnant women exposed to acetaminophen were matched to unexposed in a 1:1 ratio with propensity score matching, using the greedy matching macro. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis. Multivariable logistics regression was used to assess the association between acetaminophen use during pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 41,440 pregnant women were included, of whom 501 were exposed to acetaminophen during pregnancy, and 40,939 were not exposed. After the propensity score matching, the acetaminophen use and control groups consisted of 501 pregnant women each. The primary analysis showed that acetaminophen exposure during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of stillbirth (adjusted OR (aOR) = 2.29, 95% CI, 1.19-4.43), APGAR score < 7 at 1 min (aOR = 3.28, 95% CI, 1.73-6.21), APGAR score < 7 at 5 min (aOR = 3.54, 95% CI, 1.74-7.20), APGAR score < 7 at 10 min (aOR = 3.18, 95% CI, 1.58-6.41), and high birth weight (HBW) (aOR = 1.75, 95% CI, 1.05-2.92). Drug exposure during the first and second trimesters increased the odds of stillbirth, miscarriage, APGAR < 7, and the occurrence of at least one adverse pregnancy outcome. In addition, the frequency of drug use more than two times was associated with a higher risk of preterm birth and APGAR score < 7. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to acetaminophen during pregnancy was significantly associated with the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes, particularly exposure in the first and second trimesters and frequency of use more than twice. It is suggested that acetaminophen should be prescribed with caution in pregnant women.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Complicações na Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Gestantes , Natimorto/epidemiologia , Peso ao Nascer , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aborto Espontâneo/induzido quimicamente , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia
8.
J Nepal Health Res Counc ; 21(3): 505-513, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the child birth before 37 completed weeks .Prematurity is one of the leading causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality due to the complications associated with it. The objective of the study was to determine the maternal risk factors associated with all preterm birth in singleton pregnancy at National hospital. METHODS: Hospital based unmatched case control study was conducted between March 2021 to December 2021 at National hospital, Thimphu, Bhutan. Case to control ratio was 1:2.Data were collected using interviewer -administered structured questionnaires. The collected data were entered into Epi-data and exported into SPSS for analysis. Independent variables with p-valves<0.05 in the univariate analysis were entered to multi variable logistic model to estimate the strength of association .P-valve <0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Total of 107 cases and 201 controls participated with a response rate of 95.95%.Multiple logistic regression showed that mothers with ANC follow ≤ four[aOR 9.58(7.36-28.86) ], previous history of preterm delivery [aOR 2.99(1.5-15.77) ], previous caesarean section [aOR 5.72(2.19-14.92)], prelabour rupture of membrane [aOR 8.67(3.78-19.73)], fetal growth restriction [aOR 7.28(2.11-25.11)] , and pre-eclampsia [aOR 10.99(6.75-85.29) were the risk factors positively associated with preterm birth . CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights that preeclampsia, number of antenatal care visits ≤ four, prelabour rupture of membrane, fetal growth restriction, previous caesarean section and previous preterm delivery were the risk factors for preterm birth. This show the need of early screening and prevention of preeclampsia, strengthening of antenatal care follow-up, and treatment of infection to prevent prelabour rupture of membrane, reducing primary caesarean section and more attention and care with previous preterm birth .


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia , Nascimento Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Pré-Eclâmpsia/etiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Nepal/epidemiologia
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 324, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38671377

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The leading hypothesis of the pathogenesis of cervical insufficiency suggests a role of cervical inflammation. Urogenital tract infections could play a causative role in this process. To test this hypothesis in women with a cervical cerclage, we aimed to retrospectively examine the relationship between gestational age (GA) at delivery and positive urogenital cultures. METHODS: This single center retrospective study reviewed the records of all women with a singleton pregnancy that underwent cervical cerclage (n = 203) between 2010 and 2020 at the University Hospital of Leuven, Belgium. Transvaginal cerclages were categorized as history indicated (TVC I, n = 94), ultrasound indicated (TVC II, n = 79) and clinically indicated (TVC III, n = 20). Additionally, ten women received transabdominal cerclage (TAC). Urogenital cultures (vaginal and urine) were taken before and after cerclage with 4-week intervals. Urogenital cultures were reported 'positive' if urine and/or vaginal cultures showed significant growth of a microorganism. Treatment decision depended on culture growth and clinical presentation. The primary aim was to evaluate the association between the urogenital culture results and the GA at delivery, for each of the cerclage groups. Secondarily, to investigate the effect of antibiotic treatment of positive cultures on GA at delivery. RESULTS: Positive pre-cerclage urogenital cultures were associated with lower GA at delivery in TVC III (positive culture 26w4d ± 40d vs. negative 29w6d ± 54d, p = 0.036). For TVC I, GA at delivery was longer when pre-cerclage urogenital cultures were positive (positive culture 38w0d ± 26d vs. negative 35w4d ± 42d, p = 0.035). Overall post-cerclage urogenital cultures status was not associated with a different GA at delivery. Treating patients with pre- or post-cerclage positive urogenital cultures did also not change GA at delivery. CONCLUSION: Positive urogenital cultures taken before clinically indicated cerclage intervention may be associated with lower GA at delivery. However, there seems to be no benefit of antibiotic treatment or routine urogenital cultures during follow-up of asymptomatic women after cerclage placement.


Assuntos
Cerclagem Cervical , Idade Gestacional , Nascimento Prematuro , Vagina , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gravidez , Adulto , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Vagina/microbiologia , Infecções Urinárias , Incompetência do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Bélgica
10.
Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM ; 6(5S): 101343, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of spontaneous preterm birth with or without universal transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening at the time of midtrimester scan. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Web of Science were systematically searched from the inception of the databases to November 12, 2023, using combinations of the relevant medical subject heading terms, key words, and word variants that were considered suitable for the topic. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies including individuals with singleton gestations at 16-25 weeks of gestation screened or not screened with universal transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening were considered eligible. Primary outcome was spontaneous preterm birth <37 weeks; secondary outcomes were spontaneous preterm birth <34 and <32 weeks. METHODS: Random effect head-to-head analyses were used to directly compare each outcome, expressing the results as summary odds ratio and relative 95% confidence interval. The quality of the included studies was independently assessed by 2 reviewers, using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for cohort studies and the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized controlled studies. The study was registered on the prospective register of systematic reviews database (PROSPERO) (registration number: CRD42022385325). RESULTS: Eight studies, including 447,864 pregnancies, were included in the meta-analysis (213,064 screened with transvaginal ultrasound cervical length and 234,800 unscreened). In the overall analysis, universal transvaginal ultrasound cervical length did not significantly decrease the spontaneous preterm birth rates <37 weeks (odds ratio, 0.92 [95% confidence interval, 0.84-1.01], P=.07) and <34 weeks (odds ratio, 0.87 [95% confidence interval, 0.73-1.04], P=.12), but was significantly associated with a lower risk of spontaneous preterm birth <32 weeks (odds ratio, 0.84 [95% confidence interval, 0.76-0.94], P=.002). Individuals without a prior spontaneous preterm birth had a significantly lower risk of spontaneous preterm birth <37 weeks (odds ratio, 0.88 [95% confidence interval, 0.79-0.97], P=.01) and a lower trend of spontaneous preterm birth <32 weeks (odds ratio, 0.82 [95% confidence interval, 0.66-1.01], P=.06) when screened with transvaginal ultrasound cervical length, compared with no screening. CONCLUSION: Universal transvaginal ultrasound cervical length screening usually <24 weeks in singletons without a prior spontaneous preterm birth, is associated with a significant reduction in spontaneous preterm birth <37 weeks, compared with no screening.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Gravidez , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Nascimento Prematuro/diagnóstico , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Coortes , Ultrassonografia
11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 179, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although pregnancy complicated by liver cirrhosis is rare, women with cirrhosis experience increased adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate pregnancy outcomes in women with liver cirrhosis and develop a predictive model using maternal factors for preterm birth in such pregnancies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on pregnancy outcomes of a cirrhosis group (n = 43) and a non-cirrhosis group (n = 172) in a university hospital between 2010 and 2022. Logistic regression evaluated pregnancy outcomes, and a forward stepwise logistic regression model was designed to predict preterm birth in pregnant women with cirrhosis. The model's predictive performance was evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the ROC curve (AUC). RESULTS: The incidence of cirrhosis during pregnancy was 0.06% (50/81,554). Pregnant women with cirrhosis faced increased risks of cesarean section, preterm birth, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, thrombocytopenia, and postpartum hemorrhage. In pregnant women with cirrhosis, preterm birth risk significantly increased at an incidence rate of 46.51% (20/43). According to the prediction model, the key predictors of preterm birth in pregnant women with cirrhosis were intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and total bilirubin. The model demonstrated accurate prediction, with an AUC of 0.847, yielding a model accuracy of 81.4%. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant women with cirrhosis face a heightened risk of adverse obstetric outcomes, particularly an increased incidence of preterm birth. The preliminary evidence shows that the regression model established in our study can use the identified key predictors to predict preterm birth in pregnant women with cirrhosis, with high accuracy.


Assuntos
Colestase Intra-Hepática , Complicações na Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia
12.
Obstet Gynecol Surv ; 79(3): 167-175, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482746

RESUMO

Importance: Multiple pregnancy is relatively common in many countries and is associated with various pregnancy complications, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and congenital anomalies. In particular, a poorer prognosis has been reported when congenital anomalies overlap with other pregnancy complications in multiple pregnancy compared with singleton pregnancy. Objective: This study reviews the characteristics of congenital anomalies that occur in multiple gestations as compared with singleton pregnancies. Evidence Acquisition: An extensive manual search of major electronic databases was conducted in June 2023. This literature review provides a comprehensive coverage of the congenital anomalies in multiple pregnancy. Results: Most studies have shown that multiple gestations are associated with an increased risk of congenital anomalies compared with singleton pregnancies. In addition, higher rates of congenital anomalies and concordance have been observed in monozygotic versus dizygotic twins. The effect of assisted reproductive therapies on the risk of congenital anomalies appears to be smaller in multiple gestations than in singleton pregnancies. Conclusions: Multiple pregnancy is significantly associated with an increased risk of congenital anomalies. Relevance: This review provides obstetrical providers with the requisite knowledge to offer appropriate antenatal care and prenatal anomaly screening to patients with multiple pregnancies.


Assuntos
Complicações na Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro , Gravidez , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Gravidez Múltipla , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia
13.
N Engl J Med ; 390(11): 1009-1021, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vaccination against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) during pregnancy may protect infants from RSV disease. Efficacy and safety data on a candidate RSV prefusion F protein-based maternal vaccine (RSVPreF3-Mat) are needed. METHODS: We conducted a phase 3 trial involving pregnant women 18 to 49 years of age to assess the efficacy and safety of RSVPreF3-Mat. The women were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive RSVPreF3-Mat or placebo between 24 weeks 0 days and 34 weeks 0 days of gestation. The primary outcomes were any or severe medically assessed RSV-associated lower respiratory tract disease in infants from birth to 6 months of age and safety in infants from birth to 12 months of age. After the observation of a higher risk of preterm birth in the vaccine group than in the placebo group, enrollment and vaccination were stopped early, and exploratory analyses of the safety signal of preterm birth were performed. RESULTS: The analyses included 5328 pregnant women and 5233 infants; the target enrollment of approximately 10,000 pregnant women and their infants was not reached because enrollment was stopped early. A total of 3426 infants in the vaccine group and 1711 infants in the placebo group were followed from birth to 6 months of age; 16 and 24 infants, respectively, had any medically assessed RSV-associated lower respiratory tract disease (vaccine efficacy, 65.5%; 95% credible interval, 37.5 to 82.0), and 8 and 14, respectively, had severe medically assessed RSV-associated lower respiratory tract disease (vaccine efficacy, 69.0%; 95% credible interval, 33.0 to 87.6). Preterm birth occurred in 6.8% of the infants (237 of 3494) in the vaccine group and in 4.9% of those (86 of 1739) in the placebo group (relative risk, 1.37; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08 to 1.74; P = 0.01); neonatal death occurred in 0.4% (13 of 3494) and 0.2% (3 of 1739), respectively (relative risk, 2.16; 95% CI, 0.62 to 7.56; P = 0.23), an imbalance probably attributable to the greater percentage of preterm births in the vaccine group. No other safety signal was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this trial, in which enrollment was stopped early because of safety concerns, suggest that the risks of any and severe medically assessed RSV-associated lower respiratory tract disease among infants were lower with the candidate maternal RSV vaccine than with placebo but that the risk of preterm birth was higher with the candidate vaccine. (Funded by GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04605159.).


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Vacinas contra Vírus Sincicial Respiratório , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Vírus Sincicial Respiratório/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Vírus Sincicial Respiratório/efeitos adversos , Vacinas contra Vírus Sincicial Respiratório/uso terapêutico , Doenças Respiratórias/prevenção & controle , Doenças Respiratórias/virologia , Eficácia de Vacinas , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco
14.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; 40(1): 2324995, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439198

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity has been associated with an increased risk of reproductive failure, especially preterm birth. As preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) is increasingly used worldwide, however, it is still unclear whether body mass index (BMI) has an effect on the preterm birth rate in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) with PGT-A when transferring a single euploid blastocyst. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective, single-center cohort study included 851 women who underwent the first cycle of frozen-thawed single euploid blastocyst transfer with PGT-A between 2015 and 2020. The primary outcome was the preterm birth rate. Secondary outcomes were clinical pregnancy, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy complications, and live birth. RESULTS: Patients were grouped by World Health Organization (WHO) BMI class: underweight (<18.5, n = 81), normal weight (18.5-24.9, n = 637), overweight (25-30, n = 108), and obese (≥30, n = 25). There was no difference in the clinical pregnancy, miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy complication, and live birth by BMI category. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, preterm birth rates were significantly higher in women with overweight (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-7.80, p = .012) and obese (aOR 1.49; 95% CI, 1.03-12.78, p = .027) compared with the normal weight reference group. CONCLUSION: Women with obesity experience a higher rate of preterm birth after euploid embryo transfer than women with a normal weight, suggesting that the negative impact of obesity on IVF and clinical outcomes may be related to other mechanisms than aneuploidy.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Gravidez Ectópica , Nascimento Prematuro , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Sobrepeso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Aneuploidia
15.
Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM ; 6(4): 101331, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty surgery is a common body contouring surgery to remove excess fat and skin and restore weakened or separated abdominal muscles caused by aging, pregnancy, or weight fluctuations. There is limited literature regarding patient and pregnancy outcomes after abdominoplasty. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether there was a correlation between adverse pregnancy outcomes and history of abdominoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Our study used a large federated deidentified national health research network with data sourced from 68 healthcare organizations within the United States (TriNetX; data accessed on August 19, 2022). All patients with a record of pregnancy were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision and Tenth Revision, codes and were grouped into those with a history of abdominoplasty and those without. This study evaluated the perinatal outcomes of fetal growth restriction, abnormal umbilical artery Dopplers, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, preterm delivery, preterm premature rupture of membranes, gestational diabetes mellitus, macrosomia, stillbirth, abnormal placentation, and wound disruption or infection occurring during a patient's pregnancy after abdominoplasty. Propensity matching was performed to account for potential confounders. An alpha level of <.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Of the 44,737 patients meeting our criteria, 304 had a history of abdominoplasty, whereas 44,433 did not (control). Our study found that patients with a history of abdominoplasty had significantly higher gravidity, were largely located in the Southern and Midwest region, and had higher counts of vaginal deliveries and cesarean deliveries than the control cohort (Table 1). After propensity score matching, our study found a lower risk of preeclampsia and preterm premature rupture of membranes in patients with abdominoplasty (odds ratio, 0.46; 95% confidence interval, 0.32-0.67; P<.0001) (Table 2). Furthermore, abdominoplasty was associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery (odds ratio, 2.15; 95% confidence interval, 1.48-3.13; P=.0002) (Table 2). Lastly, this study did not find significant differences in the other perinatal outcomes (Table 2). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that abdominoplasty may be associated with a relative increase in the rates of preterm delivery and cesarean delivery and that other perinatal outcomes are not increased. This provides evidence that future desire for pregnancy need not be a relative contraindication to abdominoplasty.


Assuntos
Abdominoplastia , Resultado da Gravidez , Humanos , Gravidez , Feminino , Abdominoplastia/métodos , Abdominoplastia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Recém-Nascido
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(13): e37542, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552082

RESUMO

In this retrospective study conducted at Sichuan Jinxin Xinan Women and Children's Hospital spanning January 2015 to December 2021, our objective was to investigate the impact of embryo cryopreservation duration on outcomes in frozen embryo transfer. Participants, totaling 47,006 cycles, were classified into 3 groups based on cryopreservation duration: ≤1 year (Group 1), 1 to 6 years (Group 2), and ≥6 years (Group 3). Employing various statistical analyses, including 1-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test, chi-square test, and a generalized estimating equation model, we rigorously adjusted for confounding factors. Primary outcomes encompassed clinical pregnancy rate and Live Birth Rate (LBR), while secondary outcomes included biochemical pregnancy rate, multiple pregnancy rate, ectopic pregnancy rate, early and late miscarriage rates, preterm birth rate, neonatal birth weight, weeks at birth, and newborn sex. Patient distribution across cryopreservation duration groups was as follows: Group 1 (40,461 cycles), Group 2 (6337 cycles), and Group 3 (208 cycles). Postcontrolling for confounding factors, Group 1 exhibited a decreased likelihood of achieving biochemical pregnancy rate, clinical pregnancy rate, and LBR (OR < 1, aOR < 1, P < .05). Furthermore, an elevated incidence of ectopic pregnancy was observed (OR > 1, aOR > 1), notably significant after 6 years of freezing time [aOR = 4.141, 95% confidence intervals (1.013-16.921), P = .05]. Cryopreservation exceeding 1 year was associated with an increased risk of early miscarriage and preterm birth (OR > 1, aOR > 1). No statistically significant differences were observed in birth weight or sex between groups. However, male infant birth rates were consistently higher than those of female infants across all groups. In conclusion, favorable pregnancy outcomes align with embryo cryopreservation durations within 1 year, while freezing for more than 1 year may diminish clinical pregnancy and LBRs, concurrently elevating the risk of ectopic pregnancy and preterm birth.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Gravidez Ectópica , Nascimento Prematuro , Criança , Gravidez , Feminino , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/etiologia , Peso ao Nascer , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Nascido Vivo , Transferência Embrionária/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Gravidez , Criopreservação , Gravidez Ectópica/epidemiologia , Gravidez Ectópica/etiologia
17.
Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM ; 6(4): 101326, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447679

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An increased risk for preterm birth has been observed among individuals with a previous second stage cesarean delivery when compared with those with a previous vaginal delivery. One mechanism that may contribute to the increased risk for preterm birth following a second stage cesarean delivery is the increased risk for cervical injury because of extension of the uterine incision (hysterotomy) into the cervix. The contribution of hysterotomy extension to the rate of preterm birth in a subsequent pregnancy has not been investigated and may shed light on the mechanism underlying the observed relationship between the mode of delivery and subsequent preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify the association between unintended hysterotomy extension and preterm birth in a subsequent delivery. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study using electronic perinatal data collected from 2 university-affiliated obstetrical centers. The study included patients with a primary cesarean delivery of a term, singleton live birth and a subsequent singleton birth in the same catchment (2005-2021). The primary outcome was subsequent preterm birth <37 weeks' gestation; secondary outcomes included subsequent preterm birth at <34, <32, and <28 weeks' gestation. We assessed crude and adjusted associations between unintended hysterotomy extensions and subsequent preterm birth with log binomial regression models using rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Adjusted models included several characteristics of the primary cesarean delivery such as maternal age, length of active labor, indication for cesarean delivery, chorioamnionitis, and maternal comorbidity. RESULTS: A total 4797 patients met the study inclusion criteria. The overall rate of unintended hysterotomy extension in the primary cesarean delivery was 6.0% and the total rate of preterm birth in the subsequent pregnancy was 4.8%. Patients with an unintended hysterotomy extension were more likely to have a longer duration of active labor, chorioamnionitis, failed vacuum delivery attempt, second stage cesarean delivery, and persistent occiput posterior position of the fetal head in the primary cesarean delivery and higher rates of smoking in the subsequent pregnancy. Multivariable analyses that controlled for several confounders showed that a history of hysterotomy extension was not associated with a higher risk for preterm birth <37 weeks' gestation (adjusted rate ratio, 1.55; 95% confidence interval, 0.98-2.47), but it was associated with preterm birth <34 weeks' gestation (adjusted rate ratio, 2.49; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-5.42). CONCLUSION: Patients with a uterine incision extension have a 2.5 times higher rate of preterm birth <34 weeks' gestation when compared with patients who did not have this injury. This association was not observed for preterm birth <37 weeks' gestation. Future research should aim to replicate our analyses with incorporation of additional data to minimize the potential for residual confounding.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Histerotomia , Nascimento Prematuro , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Histerotomia/métodos , Histerotomia/efeitos adversos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Adulto , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Cesárea/métodos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Idade Gestacional , Fatores de Risco , Colo do Útero/cirurgia
18.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 103(5): 824-831, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415823

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to investigate outcomes in twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) treated with fetoscopic laser surgery (FLS) at <18 weeks vs ≥18 weeks, and to conduct subgroup analysis of TTTS with FLS at <16 weeks vs 16-18 weeks. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were searched systematically from inception until May 2023. Primary outcome was survival, and secondary outcomes included preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), preterm birth and gestational age (GA) at delivery. RESULTS: Nine studies encompassing 1691 TTTS pregnancies were included. TTTS stage III was significantly more common in TTTS pregnancies treated with FLS at <18 weeks (odds ratio [OR] 2.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.24-6.54), and procedure duration was shorter at <18 weeks (MD -5.27 minutes, 95% CI -9.19 to -1.34). GA at delivery was significantly earlier in TTTS pregnancies treated with FLS at <18 weeks (MD -3.12 weeks, 95% CI -6.11 to -0.13). There were no significant differences in outcomes, including PPROM, PPROM at <7 days post-FLS, preterm birth at <28 and <32 weeks, delivery at <7 days post-FLS, and survival outcomes, including fetal demise, live birth and neonatal survival. Similarly, TTTS stage III was more common in TTTS with FLS at <16 weeks than at 16-18 weeks (OR 2.95, 95% CI 1.62-5.35), with no significant differences in the aforementioned outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In early TTTS treated with FLS, outcomes were comparable between those treated at <18 weeks compared with ≥18 weeks except for GA at delivery, which was 3 weeks earlier. In the subset treated at <16 weeks vs 16-18 weeks, the procedure was feasible without an increased risk of very early preterm birth or perinatal mortality.


Assuntos
Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais , Transfusão Feto-Fetal , Terapia a Laser , Nascimento Prematuro , Gravidez , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Transfusão Feto-Fetal/cirurgia , Transfusão Feto-Fetal/complicações , Resultado da Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Idade Gestacional , Fetoscopia/efeitos adversos , Fetoscopia/métodos , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 295: 136-142, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359634

RESUMO

Preterm Birth (delivery before 37 weeks of gestation) is the leading cause of childhood mortality and is also associated with significant morbidity both in the neonatal period and beyond. The aetiology of spontaneous preterm birth is unclear and likely multifactorial incorporating factors such as infection/inflammation and cervical injury. Placental insufficiency is emerging as an additional contributor to spontaneous preterm delivery; however, the mechanisms by which this occurs are not fully understood. Serum biomarkers and imaging techniques have been investigated as potential predictors of placental insufficiency, however none have yet been found to have a sufficient predictive value. This review examines the evidence for the role of the placenta in preterm birth, preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes and abruption as well as highlighting areas where further research is required.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Placentária , Nascimento Prematuro , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Placenta , Colo do Útero
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