Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 38.066
Filtrar
1.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 5: CD006124, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721875

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Waiting lists for kidney transplantation continue to grow. Live kidney donation significantly reduces waiting times and improves long-term outcomes for recipients. Major disincentives to potential kidney donors are the pain and morbidity associated with surgery. This is an update of a review published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of open donor nephrectomy (ODN), laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN), hand-assisted LDN (HALDN) and robotic donor nephrectomy (RDN) as appropriate surgical techniques for live kidney donors. SEARCH METHODS: We contacted the Information Specialist and searched the Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Register of Studies up to 31 March 2024 using search terms relevant to this review. Studies in the Register are identified through searches of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE, conference proceedings, the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) Search Portal, and ClinicalTrials.gov. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LDN with ODN, HALDN, or RDN were included. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened titles and abstracts for eligibility, assessed study quality, and extracted data. We contacted study authors for additional information where necessary. Summary estimates of effect were obtained using a random-effects model, and results were expressed as risk ratios (RR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for dichotomous outcomes and mean difference (MD) or standardised mean difference (SMD) and 95% CI for continuous outcomes. Confidence in the evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. MAIN RESULTS: Thirteen studies randomising 1280 live kidney donors to ODN, LDN, HALDN, or RDN were included. All studies were assessed as having a low or unclear risk of bias for selection bias. Five studies had a high risk of bias for blinding. Seven studies randomised 815 live kidney donors to LDN or ODN. LDN was associated with reduced analgesia use (high certainty evidence) and shorter hospital stay, a longer procedure and longer warm ischaemia time (moderate certainty evidence). There were no overall differences in blood loss, perioperative complications, or need for operations (low or very low certainty evidence). Three studies randomised 270 live kidney donors to LDN or HALDN. There were no differences between HALDN and LDN for analgesia requirement, hospital stay (high certainty evidence), duration of procedure (moderate certainty evidence), blood loss, perioperative complications, or reoperations (low certainty evidence). The evidence for warm ischaemia time was very uncertain due to high heterogeneity. One study randomised 50 live kidney donors to retroperitoneal ODN or HALDN and reported less pain and analgesia requirements with ODN. It found decreased blood loss and duration of the procedure with HALDN. No differences were found in perioperative complications, reoperations, hospital stay, or primary warm ischaemia time. One study randomised 45 live kidney donors to LDN or RDN and reported a longer warm ischaemia time with RDN but no differences in analgesia requirement, duration of procedure, blood loss, perioperative complications, reoperations, or hospital stay. One study randomised 100 live kidney donors to two variations of LDN and reported no differences in hospital stay, duration of procedure, conversion rates, primary warm ischaemia times, or complications (not meta-analysed). The conversion rates to ODN were 6/587 (1.02%) in LDN, 1/160 (0.63%) in HALDN, and 0/15 in RDN. Graft outcomes were rarely or selectively reported across the studies. There were no differences between LDN and ODN for early graft loss, delayed graft function, acute rejection, ureteric complications, kidney function or one-year graft loss. In a meta-regression analysis between LDN and ODN, moderate certainty evidence on procedure duration changed significantly in favour of LDN over time (yearly reduction = 7.12 min, 95% CI 2.56 to 11.67; P = 0.0022). Differences in very low certainty evidence on perioperative complications also changed significantly in favour of LDN over time (yearly change in LnRR = 0.107, 95% CI 0.022 to 0.192; P = 0.014). Various different combinations of techniques were used in each study, resulting in heterogeneity among the results. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: LDN is associated with less pain compared to ODN and has comparable pain to HALDN and RDN. HALDN is comparable to LDN in all outcomes except warm ischaemia time, which may be associated with a reduction. One study reported kidneys obtained during RDN had greater warm ischaemia times. Complications and occurrences of perioperative events needing further intervention were equivalent between all methods.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Laparoscopia , Doadores Vivos , Nefrectomia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Dor Pós-Operatória , Duração da Cirurgia , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Quente
2.
Ann Transplant ; 29: e942252, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38711249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Transplant nephrectomy (TN) has historically been associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Our objective is to share our own experience and compare indications and surgical outcomes between early and late TN and intracapsular (ICAN) and extracapsular allograft nephrectomy (ECAN) techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS Our study included all 69 TN procedures performed between January 2010 and February 2021. Of these, 17 TN procedures were performed within the first 60 days after transplantation (referred to as 'early'), while the remaining 52 procedures were performed later ('late'). Within the late allograft nephrectomy (AN) group, we compared the outcomes of intracapsular (ICAN) and extracapsular (ECAN) techniques. We conducted a statistical analysis using the chi-square test and the 2-sample t test. RESULTS The primary indication for early TN was surgical transplant complications (94.1%), with 58.8% of these cases requiring emergency surgery. Morbidity (major complications) occurred in 47.1% of cases, and mortality was 5.9%. In contrast, graft intolerance syndrome was the leading indication for late TN (76.9%), with elective surgery performed in 88.5% of cases. Morbidity (major complications) occurred in 11.5% of cases, and mortality was 3.8%. Within the late TN group, 82.7% of cases were treated with ICAN and 17.3% with ECAN. Blood transfusion was required during surgery in 17.3% of cases, with no significant difference between the groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the timing of surgery was the only statistically significant predictor of complication occurrence. CONCLUSIONS Our data suggest that TN can be performed with relatively low morbidity. However, early TN remains the only independent risk factor for developing adverse outcomes.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Nefrectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Nefrectomia/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso
3.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 209, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727915

RESUMO

This study aimed to report our experience in indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) in pediatric robotics. The data of 55 patients (35 boys and 20 girls), who underwent robotic surgery using ICG fluorescence in three institutions over the last 7 years, were retrospectively reviewed. The following robotic procedures were included: pyeloplasty (n = 21), complex Lich-Gregoir ureteral reimplantation (n = 8), varicocelectomy (n = 7), adnexal pathology resection (n = 8), partial nephrectomy (n = 4), nephrectomy (n = 4), renal cyst removal (n = 2), and excision of prostatic utricle (n = 1). The ICG was injected intravenously in all indications except for varicocele where intratesticular injection was done, and prostatic utricle or paraureteral diverticulum where trans-catheter injection was done. The ICG dosage was 0.2-0.3 mg/mL/kg. All the procedures were performed using da Vinci Xi platform. Firefly® allowed to switch form bright light to ICG-NIRF view and vice versa. All the procedures were accomplished in robotics without conversions to laparoscopy or open surgery. No episodes of allergy or anaphylaxis to ICG were recorded. An excellent ICG-NIRF view of target organs was obtained in all procedures. Based on our experience, we believe that application of ICG FGS in pediatric robotics enhances the identification of critical anatomical elements and pathological structures, thereby positively impacting both oncological and functional outcomes. This technique is safe, feasible, and versatile. We advocate the consideration of ICG as the standard of care in certain procedures such as partial nephrectomy, varicocele repair, tumor resection, and ovarian torsion. Nonetheless, further investigations are warranted to explore its potential broader applications in pediatric urology.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Lactente , Fluorescência , Nefrectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos
4.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 76(2): 148-156, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742550

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Living-donor nephrectomy (LDN) is the most valuable source of organs for kidney transplantation worldwide. The current preoperative evaluation of a potential living donor candidate does not take into account formal estimation of postoperative renal function decline after surgery using validated prediction models. The aim of this study was to summarize the available models to predict the mid- to long-term renal function following LDN, aiming to support both clinicians and patients during the decision-making process. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the English-language literature was conducted following the principles highlighted by the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines and following the PRISMA 2020 recommendations. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO on December 10, 2022 (registration ID: CRD42022380198). In the qualitative analysis we selected the models including only preoperative variables. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: After screening and eligibility assessment, six models from six studies met the inclusion criteria. All of them relied on retrospective patient cohorts. According to PROBAST, all studies were evaluated as high risk of bias. The models included different combinations of variables (ranging between two to four), including donor-/kidney-related factors, and preoperative laboratory tests. Donor age was the variable more often included in the models (83%), followed by history of hypertension (17%), Body Mass Index (33%), renal volume adjusted by body weight (33%) and body surface area (33%). There was significant heterogeneity in the model building strategy, the main outcome measures and the model's performance metrics. Three models were externally validated. CONCLUSIONS: Few models using preoperative variables have been developed and externally validated to predict renal function after LDN. As such, the evidence is premature to recommend their use in routine clinical practice. Future research should be focused on the development and validation of user-friendly, robust prediction models, relying on granular large multicenter datasets, to support clinicians and patients during the decision-making process.


Assuntos
Doadores Vivos , Nefrectomia , Humanos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Rim/fisiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Período Pós-Operatório
5.
Scand J Urol ; 59: 109-116, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several risk factors for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), in patients undergoing surgical treatment for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), have been suggested by others. This study aimed to investigate such risk factors and disclose the effect of developing ESRD, postoperatively, on overall survival. The risk of developing ESRD after RCC diagnosis was also evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of 16,220 patients with RCC and 162,199 controls were extracted from the Renal Cell Cancer Database Sweden, with linkages across multiple national registers between 2005 and 2020. Cox proportional hazards regression, Kaplan-Meier curves and cumulative incidence were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The 5-year cumulative incidence of ESRD following RCC diagnosis was 2.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.1-2.6) and 0.4% (95% CI 0.3-0.4) for the patients with RCC and controls, respectively. Age, chronic kidney disease, higher T-stage and radical nephrectomy (RN) were significant risk factors for ESRD within 1-year of surgery. A total of 104 and 12,152 patients with and without ESRD, respectively, survived 1-year postoperatively. The 5-year overall survival rates of patients with ESRD and those with RCC only were 50% (95% CI 0.40-0.60) and 80% (95% CI 0.80-0.81), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who developed ESRD following renal cancer surgery had significantly poorer survival outcomes. Advanced age, comorbidities, higher-stage tumours and RN were identified as risk factors for developing ESRD. Surgical decisions are crucial. Efforts to spare renal function, including nephron-sparing surgery and active surveillance in appropriate cases, are highly relevant to reduce the development of severe kidney dysfunction.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Falência Renal Crônica , Neoplasias Renais , Nefrectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Feminino , Fatores de Risco , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Suécia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
7.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 326, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748308

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our study aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) between younger and older patients after adjusting for their background differences. We particularly assessed RAPN outcomes and safety in older patients. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 559 patients clinically diagnosed with T1 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and treated with RAPN between 2013 and 2022 at five institutions in Japan. The patients were classified into two groups according to their age during surgery (younger group: < 75 years, older group: ≥ 75 years). Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to adjust for the differences in the backgrounds between younger and older patients, and surgical outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Among the 559 patients, 422 (75.5%) and 137 (24.5%) were classified into the younger and older groups, respectively; 204 and 102 patients from the younger and older groups were matched according to PSM, respectively. Subsequently, patient characteristics other than age were not significantly different between the two groups. In the matched cohort, the older group had more patients with major complications (younger, 3.0%; older, 8.8%; P = 0.045). CONCLUSION: Surgical outcomes of RAPN in older patients with RCC were comparable with those in younger patients, although older patients experiencedsignificantly more complications than younger patients. These results suggest the need for further detailed preoperative evaluation and appropriate postoperative management in older patients receiving RAPN.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Nefrectomia , Pontuação de Propensão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Etários , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
8.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 76(2): 176-184, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The debate between single-layer and double-layer renorrhaphy techniques during robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RPN) represents a subject of ongoing discourse. The present analysis aims to compare the perioperative and functional outcomes of single- versus double-layer renorrhaphy during RPN. METHODS: Study data were retrieved from prospectively maintained institutional database (Jan2018-May2023). Study population was divided into two groups according to the number of layers (single vs. double) used for renorrhaphy. Baseline and perioperative data were compared. Postoperative surgical outcomes included type and grade of complications as classified according to Clavien-Dindo. Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate were used to measure renal function. RESULTS: Three hundred seventeen patients were included in the analysis: 209 received single-layer closure, while 108 underwent double-layer renorrhaphy. Baseline characteristics were not statistically different between the groups. Comparable low incidence of intraoperative complications was observed between the cohorts (P=0.5). No difference was found in terms of mean (95% CI) Hb level drop postoperation (single-layer: 1.6 g/dL [1.5-1.7] vs. double-layer: 1.4 g/dL [1.2-1.5], P=0.3). Overall and "major" rate of complications were 16% and 3%, respectively, with no difference observed in terms of any grade (P=0.2) and major complications (P=0.7). Postoperative renal function was not statistically different between the treatment modalities. At logistic regression analyses, no difference in terms of probability of overall (OR 0.82 [0.63-1.88]) and major (OR 0.94 [0.77-6.44]) complications for the number of suture layers was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Single-layer and double-layer renorrhaphy demonstrated comparable perioperative and functional outcomes within the setting of the present study.


Assuntos
Nefrectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Técnicas de Sutura , Humanos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Sutura/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Idoso , Rim/cirurgia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 76(2): 185-194, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the perioperative and long-term functional outcomes of laparoscopic (LPN) and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in comparison to laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) in obese patients diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma. METHODS: Clinical data of 4325 consecutive patients from The Italian REgistry of COnservative and Radical Surgery for cortical renal tumor Disease (RECORD 2 Project) were gathered. Only patients treated with transperitoneal LPN, RAPN, or LRN with Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2, clinical T1 renal tumor and preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min, were included. Perioperative, and long-term functional outcomes were examined. RESULTS: Overall, 388 patients were included, of these 123 (31.7%), 120 (30.9%) and 145 (37.4%) patients were treated with LRN, LPN, and RAPN, respectively. No significant difference was observed in preoperative characteristics. Overall, intra and postoperative complication rates were comparable among the groups. The LRN group had a significantly increased occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) compared to LPN and RAPN (40.6% vs. 15.3% vs. 7.6%, P=0.001). Laparoscopic RN showed a statistically significant higher renal function decline at 60-month follow-up assessment compared to LPN and RAPN. A significant renal function loss was recorded in 30.1% of patients treated with LRN compared to 16.7% and 10.3% of patients treated with LPN and RAPN (P=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In obese patients, both LPN and RAPN showcased comparable complication rates and higher renal function preservation than LRN. These findings highlighted the potential benefits of minimally invasive PN over radical surgery in the context of obese individuals.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Laparoscopia , Nefrectomia , Obesidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Obesidade/cirurgia , Obesidade/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Idoso , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular
12.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303104, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preservation of renal function is an important goal in renal cell carcinoma-related surgery. Although several case-dependent techniques for renal pedicle clamping and hemostasis have been used, their effects on long-term renal function are controversial. METHODS: The clinical records of 114 patients who underwent off-clamp non-renorrhaphy open partial nephrectomy at our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Perioperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) preservation was calculated, and predictors of eGFR decline 12 months post-surgery and overtime deterioration of renal function were identified using a multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: The median patient age was 65 years, and the median tumor size was 27 mm. The mean eGFR preservation at 1, 3, and 12 months post-surgery were 90.1%, 89.0%, and 86.9%, respectively. eGFR decline at 1 and 3 months were associated with poor eGFR preservation at 12 months with the odds ratio (95% confidence interval (CI)) of 1.97 and 3.157, respectively. Multivariate regression analyses revealed that tumor size was an independent predictor of eGFR decline at 12 months. Among 65 patients with eGFR preservation over 90% at 1 month post-surgery, eGFR value of 28 patients deteriorated below 90% at 12 months post-surgery compared with preoperative eGFR. Tumor size and eGFR preservation at 1 month were independent predictors of long-term renal function deterioration. CONCLUSION: Tumor size predicted eGFR decline 12 months post-surgery. Only a mild decline in eGFR was observed between 3 and 12 months after open partial nephrectomy. Tumor size and eGFR preservation at 1 month predicted the deterioration of renal function over time.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Neoplasias Renais , Rim , Nefrectomia , Humanos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Rim/cirurgia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto
13.
BMC Urol ; 24(1): 103, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal sinus angiomyolipoma (RSAML) is a rare and typically complex renal tumor. The objective is to present our single-center experience with a modified technique of robotic nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) for treating RSAML. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 15 patients with RSAMLs who were treated with robotic NSS at the Department of Urology of Tongji hospital, ranging from November 2018 to September 2022. Renal vessels and ureter were dissected. The outer part of RSAML was resected. The rest of tumor was removed by bluntly grasp, curettage and suction. Absorbable gelatin sponges were filled in the renal sinus. The preoperative parameters, operative measures and postoperative outcomes were all collected. Follow-up was performed by ultrasonography and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). RESULTS: Robotic NSS was successfully performed in all the patients, without any conversion to open surgery or nephrectomy. The mean operation time was 134.13 ± 40.56 min. The mean warm ischemia time was 25.73 ± 3.28 min. The median estimated blood loss was 100 [50, 270] ml and 1 patient required blood transfusion. The mean drainage duration was 5.77 ± 1.98 days. The median postoperative hospital stay was 6.90 [5.80, 8.70] days. Two patients experienced postoperative urinary tract infection (Clavien-Dindo Grade II). During the median follow-up of 25.53 ± 15.28 months, patients received 91.18% renal function preservation. No local recurrence occurred in all the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic NSS for RSAML is a complicated procedure that demands technical expertise and a well-designed strategy is critical in the operation. Treating RSAML with modified robotic NSS is safe, effective and feasible.


Assuntos
Angiomiolipoma , Neoplasias Renais , Néfrons , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Angiomiolipoma/cirurgia , Néfrons/cirurgia , Nefrectomia/métodos
14.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 36(1): 107, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIM: More elderly patients are diagnosed with kidney tumors where partial nephrectomy is technically possible. We investigated whether patients ≥ 75 years old had an increased risk of complications following robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) compared to younger patients. METHODS: Retrospective, consecutive study including patients who underwent RAPN between May 2016 - April 2023. Preoperative data, operative data and complications within 90 days were recorded by patient record review. Complications were classified according to Clavien-Dindo (CD). RESULTS: 451 patients underwent RAPN and a postoperative complication was recorded in 131 (29%) patients of which 28 (6%) were CD ≥ III. Any postoperative complication was recorded in 24/113 patients (21%) < 55 years, 40/127 patients (31%) 55-64 years, 45/151 patients (42%) 65-74 years, and 22/60 patients (37%) ≥ 75 years. Comparable numbers for a CD ≥ III postoperative complication were 2/113 (2%) < 55 years, 6/127 (7%) 55-64 years, 12/151 (8%) 65-74 years, and 5/60 (8%) ≥ 75 years. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, patients ≥ 75 years had a non-significant increased risk of complications when controlling for preoperative variables (OR 1.82 [95% CI 0.80-4.13]) or perioperative variables (OR 1.98 [95% CI 0.86-4.58]) compared to patients < 55 years. Two patients died postoperatively. Both were ≥ 75 years (2/60, 3%). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Selected patients ≥ 75 years can undergo RAPN without a significantly increased risk of postoperative complications. However, a mortality rate of 3% in this age group indicates that these patients are frail when postoperative complications occur.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Nefrectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Idoso , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Fatores Etários , Fatores de Risco , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
15.
Aging Male ; 27(1): 2346308, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess various management options for renal angiomyolipoma (AML) to guide clinical practice. METHODS: A single center retrospectively reviewed an AML series from 2002 to 2022. The image reports and chart reviews of patients who received two abdominal scans at least 6 months between the first and last scans were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 203 patients with 209 tumors were identified and followed up for a median of 42.6 months. Active surveillance (AS) was the most frequently selected option (70.9% of cases). Interventions were required for 59 AMLs, of which 20 were treated with embolization, 29 with partial nephrectomy, 9 with radical nephrectomy, and 1 with radiofrequency (RF) ablation. The median size of the lesions at intervention was 5 cm. The average growth rate of the lesions was 0.12 cm/year, and there was a significant difference in the average growth rate of lesions ≤4 cm and those >4 cm (0.11 vs. 0.24 cm/year; p = 0.0046). CONCLUSION: This series on AMLs confirms that lesions >4 cm do not require early intervention based on size alone. Appropriately selected cases of renal AML can be managed by AS.KEYWORDS: Angiomyolipoma; active surveillance; embolization; nephrectomy; nephron-sparing surgery.


Assuntos
Angiomiolipoma , Embolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Renais , Nefrectomia , Conduta Expectante , Humanos , Angiomiolipoma/terapia , Angiomiolipoma/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Idoso , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos
16.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0300367, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696458

RESUMO

The consequences of partial nephrectomy (PN) compared to radical nephrectomy (RN) are less documented in patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD) or with solitary kidney (SK). We assessed renal outcomes, and their determinants, after PN or RN in a retrospective cohort of patients with moderate-to-severe CKD (RN-CKD and PN-CKD) or SK (PN-SK). All surgical procedures conducted between 2013 and 2018 in our institution in patients with pre-operative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 mL/min/1.73m2 or with SK were included. The primary outcome was a composite criterion including CKD progression or major adverse cardio-vascular events (MACE) or death, assessed one year after surgery. Predictors of the primary outcome were determined using multivariate analyses. A total of 173 procedures were included (67 RN, and 106 PN including 27 SK patients). Patients undergoing RN were older, with larger tumors. Preoperative eGFR was not significantly different between the groups. One year after surgery, PN-CKD was associated with lower rate of the primary outcome compared to RN-CKD (43% vs 71% p = 0.007). In multivariate analysis, independent risk factors for the primary outcome were postoperative AKI (stage 1 to stage 3 ranging from OR = 8.68, 95% CI 3.23-23.33, to OR = 28.87, 95% CI 4.77-167.61), larger tumor size (OR = 1.21 per cm, 95% CI 1.02-1.45), while preoperative eGFR, age, sex, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension were not. Postoperative AKI after PN or RN was the major independent determinant of worse outcomes (CKD progression, MACE, or death) one year after surgery.


Assuntos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Nefrectomia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Rim/cirurgia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Rim Único/cirurgia , Rim Único/complicações
17.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 22(3): 207-213, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Modern immunosuppressive regimens have reduced rejection episodes in renal allograft recipients but have increased the risk of opportunistic infections. Infections are considered to be the second leading cause of death after cardiovascular complications in renal allograft recipients. Data on opportunistic infections affecting the allograft itself are scarce. The present study describes the spectrum of renal opportunistic infections and their outcomes diagnosed on renal allograft biopsies and nephrectomy specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our retrospective observational study was conducted from December 2011 to December 2021. We analyzed infectious episodes diagnosed on renal allograft biopsies or graft nephrectomy specimens. We obtained clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory details for analyses from hospital records. RESULTS: BK virus nephropathy was the most common opportunistic infection affecting the allograft, accounting for 47% of cases, followed by bacterial graft pyelonephritis (25%). Mucormycosis was the most common fungal infection. The diagnosis of infection from day of transplant ranged from 14 days to 39 months. Follow-up periods ranged from 1 to 10 years. Mortality was highest among patients with opportunistic fungal infection (62%), followed by viral infections, and graft failure rate was highest in patients with graft pyelonephritis (50%). Among patients with BK polyomavirus nephropathy, 45% had stable graft function compared with just 33% of patients with bacterial graft pyelonephritis. CONCLUSIONS: BK polyoma virus infection was the most common infection affecting the renal allograft in our study. Although fungal infections caused the highest mortality among our patients, bacterial graft pyelonephritis was responsible for maximum graft failure. Correctly identifying infections on histology is important so that graft and patient life can be prolonged.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim , Nefrectomia , Infecções Oportunistas , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Nefrectomia/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Biópsia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Tempo , Fatores de Risco , Infecções Oportunistas/imunologia , Infecções Oportunistas/mortalidade , Infecções Oportunistas/diagnóstico , Infecções Oportunistas/microbiologia , Infecções Oportunistas/virologia , Infecções Oportunistas/epidemiologia , Aloenxertos , Doadores Vivos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Turquia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Pielonefrite/microbiologia , Pielonefrite/diagnóstico , Pielonefrite/mortalidade , Infecções por Polyomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Polyomavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Polyomavirus/virologia , Infecções por Polyomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Polyomavirus/imunologia
18.
Nutrients ; 16(9)2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732632

RESUMO

Nutritional therapy (NT) based on a controlled protein intake represents a cornerstone in managing chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, if a CKD patient is at the same time affected by cancer, oncologists and nutritionists tend to suggest a dietary regimen based on high protein intake to avoid catabolism and malnutrition. International guidelines are not clear when we consider onco-nephrological patients and, as a consequence, no clinical shared strategy is currently applied in clinical practice. In particular, no precise nutritional management is established in nephrectomized patients for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), a specific oncological cohort of patients whose sudden kidney removal forces the remnant one to start a compensatory mechanism of adaptive hyperfiltration. Our study aimed to investigate the efficacy of a low-normal-protein high-calorie (LNPHC) diet based on a Mediterranean model in a consecutive cohort of nephrectomized RCC patients using an integrated nephrologist and nutritionist approach. A consecutive cohort of 40 nephrectomized RCC adult (age > 18) patients who were screened for malnutrition (malnutrition screening tool, MST < 2) were enrolled in a tertiary institution between 2020 and 2022 after signing a specific informed consent form. Each patient underwent an initial nephrological and nutritional evaluation and was subsequently subjected to a conventional CKD LNPHC diet integrated with aproteic foods (0.8 g/Kg/die: calories: 30-35 kcal per kg body weight/die) for a period of 6 months (±2 months). The diet was structured after considering eGFR (CKD-EPI 2021 creatinine formula), comorbidities, and nutritional status. MST, body mass index (BMI), phase angle (PA), fat mass percentage (FM%), fat-free mass index (FFMI), body cell mass index (BCMI), extracellular/intracellular water ratio (ECW/ICW), extracellular matrix/body cell mass ratio (ECM/BCM), waist/hip circumference ratio (WHC), lab test exams, and clinical variables were examined at baseline and after the study period. Our results clearly highlighted that the LNPHC diet was able to significantly improve several nutritional parameters, avoiding malnutrition and catabolism. In particular, the LNPHC diet preserved the BCM index (delta on median, ΔM + 0.3 kg/m2) and reduced the ECM/BCM ratio (ΔM - 0.03 *), with a significant reduction in the ECW/ICW ratio (ΔM - 0.02 *), all while increasing TBW (ΔM + 2.3% *). The LNPHC diet was able to preserve FFM while simultaneously depleting FM and, moreover, it led to a significant reduction in urea (ΔM - 11 mg/dL **). In conclusion, the LNPHC diet represents a new important therapeutic strategy that should be considered when treating onco-nephrological patients with solitary kidney due to renal cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Nefrectomia , Estado Nutricional , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/dietoterapia , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/dietoterapia , Desnutrição/etiologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Dieta Mediterrânea , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/dietoterapia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732928

RESUMO

Off-clamp partial nephrectomy represents one of the latest developments in nephron-sparing surgery, with the goal of preserving renal function and reducing ischemia time. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the functional, oncologic, and perioperative outcomes between off-clamp robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (off-C RAPN) and off-clamp open partial nephrectomy (off-C OPN) through a propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis. A 1:1 PSM analysis was used to balance variables potentially affecting postoperative outcomes. To report surgical quality, 1 year trifecta was used. Univariable Cox regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of trifecta achievement. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare cancer-specific survival (CSS), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and metastasis-free survival (MFS) probabilities between groups. Overall, 542 patients were included. After PSM analysis, two homogeneous cohorts of 147 patients were obtained. The off-C RAPN cohort experienced shorter length of stay (LoS) (3.4 days vs. 5.4 days; p < 0.001), increased likelihoods of achieving 1 year trifecta (89.8% vs. 80.3%; p = 0.03), lower postoperative Clavien-Dindo ≤ 2 complications (1.3% vs. 18.3%, p < 0.001), and lower postoperative transfusion rates (3.4% vs. 12.2%, p = 0.008). At univariable analysis, the surgical approach (off-C RAPN vs. off-C OPN, OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.09-4.46, p = 0.02) was the only predictor of 1 year trifecta achievement. At Kaplan-Meier analysis, no differences were observed between the two groups in terms of OS (log-rank p = 0.451), CSS (log-rank p = 0.476), DFS (log-rank p = 0.678), and MFS (log-rank p = 0.226). Comparing RAPN and OPN in a purely off-clamp scenario, the minimally invasive approach proved to be a feasible and safe surgical approach, with a significantly lower LoS and minor rate of postoperative complications and transfusions as a result of improved surgical quality expressed by higher 1 year trifecta achievement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Renais , Nefrectomia , Pontuação de Propensão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Nefrectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Idoso , Resultado do Tratamento , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
20.
J Med Invest ; 71(1.2): 187-190, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735720

RESUMO

We report a case of retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) in which the addition of a hand port was necessary and effective. A 52-year-old man with obesity (BMI 40.6 kg/m2) was diagnosed with a 52-mm left renal cell carcinoma (cT1bN0M0). To avoid thick subcutaneous and visceral fat in the abdomen, we selected LRN using a retroperitoneal approach with four ports in the kidney position. During surgery, a large amount of flank pad and perirenal fat prevented us from securing a sufficient surgical field through traction of the kidney with a retractor. A pure laparoscopic procedure was not feasible;therefore, we added a hand port. Subsequently, we removed the flank pad from the hand port and secured the surgical field by tracing the kidney manually. Finally, hand-assisted LRN was completed without an open conversion. In retroperitoneal LRN, we rarely encounter patients for whom a pure laparoscopic procedure is not feasible because of the large amount of flank pad or perirenal fat. It is important to preoperatively confirm not only the BMI but also the amount of flank pad and perirenal fat on imaging. Hand-assisted LRN via the retroperitoneal approach can be safely performed even in extremely obese patients. J. Med. Invest. 71 : 187-190, February, 2024.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Laparoscopia Assistida com a Mão , Neoplasias Renais , Nefrectomia , Humanos , Masculino , Nefrectomia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Espaço Retroperitoneal/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia Assistida com a Mão/métodos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Laparoscopia/métodos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...