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1.
Neurotox Res ; 42(2): 16, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376791

RESUMO

Acetamiprid (ACE) and Imidacloprid (IMI) are widely-used neonicotinoid insecticides (NNIs) with functional activity at human acetylcholine nicotinic receptors and, therefore, with putative toxic effects. The objective of this study was the evaluation of the interactions between NNIs and α7-nAChR, as this receptor keeps intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) to an optimum for an adequate neuronal functioning. Possible interactions between NNIs and the cryo-EM structure of the human α-7 nAChR were identified by molecular docking. Additionally, NNI effects were analyzed in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, as they naturally express α-7 nAChRs. Functional studies included proliferative/cytotoxic effects (MTT test) in undifferentiated SH-SY-5Y cells and indirect measurements of [Ca2+]i transients in retinoic acid-differentiated SH-SY-5Y cells loaded with Fluo-4 AM. Docking analysis showed that the binding of IMI and ACE occurred at the same aromatic cage that the specific α-7 nAChR agonist EVP-6124. IMI showed a better docking strength than ACE. According to the MTT assays, low doses (10-50 µM) of IMI better than ACE stimulated neuroblastoma cell proliferation. At higher doses (250-500 µM), IMI also prevailed over ACE and dose-dependently triggered more abrupt fluorescence changes due to [Ca2+]i mobilization in differentiated SH-SY5Y neurons. Indeed, only IMI blunted nicotine-evoked intracellular fluorescence stimulation (i.e., nicotine cross-desensitization). Summarizing, IMI demonstrated a superior docking strength and more robust cellular responses compared to ACE, which were likely associated with a stronger activity at α-7nAChRs. Through the interaction with α-7nAChRs, IMI would demonstrate its high neurotoxic potential for humans. More research is needed for investigating the proliferative effects of IMI in neuroblastoma cells.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Neuroblastoma , Nitrocompostos , Receptores Nicotínicos , Humanos , Cálcio , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Nicotina/farmacologia , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 919: 170937, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360305

RESUMO

Neonicotinoids are broad-spectrum and highly effective insecticides that work by affecting neural activity in insects. Neonicotinoids are systemic pesticides that are absorbed by plants, transported, and accumulated in plant tissues, including nectar and pollen. Currently, there is a lack of a comprehensive assessment of the level of neonicotinoid contamination and the associated health risks to non-targeted organisms in commercial honey and pollen produced in China. This study collected 160 batches of honey and 26 batches of pollen from different regions and plant sources in China, analyzed the residue patterns of neonicotinoid pesticides, and comprehensively evaluated the exposure risks to non-targeted organisms including bees (adults and larvae) and humans. Furthermore, this study addresses this imperative by establishing a high-throughput, rapid, and ultra-sensitive indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ic-ELISA) based on broad-spectrum monoclonal antibodies to detect and quantify neonicotinoids, with validation conducted using the LC-MS/MS method. The findings indicated that 59.4 % of honey samples contained at least one of eight neonicotinoids, and the ic-ELISA rapid detection and calculation method could detect all the samples containing neonicotinoids. Additionally, the dietary risk assessment for humans and honeybees indicates that the consumption of a specific quantity of honey may not pose a health risk to human due to neonicotinoid intake. However, the Risk Quotient values for imidacloprid to adult bees and bee larvae, as well as clothianidin to bee larvae, were determined to be 2.22, 5.03, and 1.01, respectively-each exceeding 1. This highlights the elevated risk of acute toxicity posed by imidacloprid and clothianidin residues to honey bees. The study bears significant implications for the safety evaluation of non-targeted organisms in the natural food chain. Moreover, it provides scientific guidance for protecting the diversity and health of the ecosystem.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Guanidinas , Inseticidas , Tiazóis , Humanos , Abelhas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides/análise , Nitrocompostos/análise , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Inseticidas/análise , Pólen/química , Plantas , Medição de Risco
3.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0292376, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38165994

RESUMO

Neonicotinoid-contaminated sugar stores can have both near term and long term effects on honey bees due to their persistence in honey stores. Effects of imidacloprid food stores contaminants were examined in subtropical colonies that experience reduced brood rearing and foraging during overwintering. Colonies were given treatment sugar syrup containing 0 ppb (control), 20 ppb (field relevant), or 100 ppb (above field relevant) imidacloprid over six weeks to simulate contaminated fall nectar. Colonies were evaluated immediately (post-treatment) and 10 weeks (mid-winter) after treatment to compare proximal and latent effects. Post-treatment 0 ppb and 20 ppb colonies had more workers than 100 ppb colonies while 0 ppb colonies more brood than 20 ppb or 100 ppb colonies. Mid-winter 0 ppb and 20 ppb colonies had more workers than 100 ppb colonies and 0 ppb colonies more brood than 100 ppb colonies. Colonies experienced seasonal declines in stored pollen but no treatment effects. Lower 100 ppb colony performance was associated with reduced effort rather than lifespan. RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) tracking revealed that workers had similar adult lifespans across treatments; however, 100 ppb workers engaged in activities outside the colony for less time than 0 ppb workers. Imidacloprid exposure affected queen but not worker nutritional physiology. Nurses retained well-developed hypopharyngeal glands (as indicated by head protein) across treatments. Mid-winter queens from 0 ppb colonies had marginally higher ovary protein than queens from 100 ppb colonies and more ovary lipids than queens from 20 ppb colonies. However, queen nutrient stores in non-reproductive tissues (fat bodies) did not differ across treatments. Queens from different treatments were attended by comparable numbers of retinue workers and had similar gland contents of four QMP (Queen Mandibular Pheromone) components essential to queen care. High levels of imidacloprid in sugar stores can negatively affect colony performance months after initial storage.


Assuntos
Mel , Feminino , Abelhas , Humanos , Animais , Estações do Ano , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Açúcares
4.
Environ Pollut ; 344: 123303, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199486

RESUMO

Neonicotinoid insecticides are among the most used insecticides and their residues are frequently found in surface water due to their persistence and mobility. Neonicotinoid insecticides exhibit toxicity to a wide range of aquatic invertebrates at environmentally relevant levels, and therefore their contamination in surface water is of significant concern. In this study, we investigated the spatiotemporal distribution of six neonicotinoids in a large wetland system, the Prado Wetlands, in Southern California, and further evaluated the wetlands' efficiency at removing these insecticides. Total neonicotinoid concentrations in water ranged from 3.17 to 46.9 ng L-1 at different locations within the wetlands, with imidacloprid and dinotefuran among the most detected. Removal was calculated based on concentrations as well as mass flux. The concentration-based removal values for a shallow pond (vegetation-free), moderately vegetated cells, densely vegetated cells, and the entire wetland train were 16.9%, 34.2%, 90.2%, and 61.3%, respectively. Principal component analysis revealed that pH and temperature were the primary factors affecting neonicotinoids removal. Results from this study demonstrated the ubiquitous presence of neonicotinoids in surface water impacted by urban runoff and wastewater effluent and highlighted the efficiency of wetlands in removing these trace contaminants due to concerted effects of uptake by wetland plants, photolysis, and microbial degradation.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Áreas Alagadas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos , Água
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 912: 169388, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38104805

RESUMO

Bumble bees are an important group of insects that provide essential pollination services as a consequence of their foraging behaviors. These pollination services are driven, in part, by energetic exchanges between flowering plants and individual bees. Thus, it is important to examine bumble bee energy metabolism and explore how it might be influenced by external stressors contributing to declines in global pollinator populations. Two stressors that are commonly encountered by bees are insecticides, such as the neonicotinoids, and nutritional stress, resulting from deficits in pollen and nectar availability. Our study uses a metabolomic approach to examine the effects of neonicotinoid insecticide exposure on bumble bee metabolism, both alone and in combination with nutritional stress. We hypothesized that exposure to imidacloprid disrupts bumble bee energy metabolism, leading to changes in key metabolites involved in central carbon metabolism. We tested this by exposing Bombus impatiens workers to imidacloprid according to one of three exposure paradigms designed to explore how chronic versus more acute (early or late) imidacloprid exposure influences energy metabolite levels, then also subjecting them to artificial nectar starvation. The strongest effects of imidacloprid were observed when bees also experienced nectar starvation, suggesting a combinatorial effect of neonicotinoids and nutritional stress on bumble bee energy metabolism. Overall, this study provides important insights into the mechanisms underlying the impact of neonicotinoid insecticides on pollinators, and underscores the need for further investigation into the complex interactions between environmental stressors and energy metabolism.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Nitrocompostos , Abelhas , Animais , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Néctar de Plantas , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Polinização , Metabolismo Energético
6.
Aquat Toxicol ; 267: 106812, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38150864

RESUMO

Predaceous diving beetles (dytiscids) are important top insect predators in various natural, agricultural, and artificial water bodies. How they respond to human disturbances such as insecticide contamination to their habitats has been understudied. In this study, we investigated the lethal effects of lambda-cyhalothrin, chlorantraniliprole, and thiamethoxam at nominal field concentrations in 3 cm-deep water in a hypothetical paddy field (Ci,3) on adult Dytiscus sinensis Feng (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Lambda-cyhalothrin exhibited significant lethal effects on D. sinensis adults with its Ci,3 exceeding the 95 % confidence interval lower limits for 24, 48, 72, and 96 h- LC99. Chlorantraniliprole and thiamethoxam showed no significant lethal effects on D. sinensis adults at their respective Ci,3 at 24, 48, or 72 h. Additionally, we assessed the temporal propensity of D. sinensis adults to exit water contaminated with chlorantraniliprole and thiamethoxam, respectively. There were significantly more individuals that temporally exited the chlorantraniliprole-contaminated water than clean water 30 min after placing a tile island in the test arena. Meanwhile, thiamethoxam-contaminated water did not repel significantly more individuals than clean water when observed at 10, 30, or 60 min. The study highlights the availability and importance of selecting safer insecticides for dytiscid conservation in agricultural and adjacent habitats, considering the potential of these water bodies becoming ecological traps that keep attracting and killing aquatic beneficials. The water-exiting behavior found indicates the capability of some wildlife to effectively avoid further exposure to toxicants.


Assuntos
Besouros , Inseticidas , Nitrilas , Piretrinas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , ortoaminobenzoatos , Animais , Humanos , Tiametoxam/farmacologia , Besouros/fisiologia , Água/farmacologia , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Inseticidas/toxicidade
7.
Environ Pollut ; 343: 123186, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142029

RESUMO

The second-generation neonicotinoid thiamethoxam, is prevalent in soils because of its extensive application and persistence. However, the comprehensive effects of thiamethoxam residue in soils on cultivated plants are still poorly understood. This study examined variations of growth state, physiological parameters, antioxidant activity, and metabolites in lettuce after thiamethoxam exposure; the removal effects of different washing procedures were also investigated. The results indicated that thiamethoxam in soils significantly increased the fresh weight, seedling height and chlorophyll content in lettuce, and also altered its lipid, carbohydrate, nucleotide and amino acids composition based on untargeted metabolomics. KEGG pathway analysis uncovered a disruption of lipid pathways in lettuce exposed to both low and high concentrations of thiamethoxam treatments. In addition, the terminal residues of thiamethoxam in lettuce were below the corresponding maximum residue limits stipulated for China. The thiamethoxam removal rates achieved by common washing procedures in lettuce ranged from 26.9% to 42.6%. This study thus promotes the understanding of the potential food safety risk caused by residual thiamethoxam in soils.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Tiametoxam , Inseticidas/análise , Tiazóis/análise , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides/química , Solo/química , Lipídeos
8.
Environ Pollut ; 343: 123238, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38159629

RESUMO

Exposure to pesticides has been associated with several cardiovascular complications in animal models. Neonicotinoids are now the most widely used insecticide globally, while the impact of neonicotinoids on cardiovascular function and the role of mitochondrial dynamics in neonicotinoids-induced cardiotoxicity is unclear. In the present study, Xenopus laevis tadpoles were exposed to environmental related concentrations (0, 5, and 50 µg/L) of typical neonicotinoid dinotefuran, with two enantiomers, for 21 days. We evaluated the changes in heart rate and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in exposed tadpoles. Then, we performed the transcriptome, metabolomics, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and protein immunoblot to investigate the potential adverse impact of two enantiomers of dinotefuran on cardiotoxicity associated with mitochondrial dynamics. We observed changes in heart rate and increased cardiomyocyte apoptosis in exposed tadpoles, indicating that dinotefuran had a cardiotoxic effect. We further found that the cardiac contractile function pathway was significantly enriched, while the glucose metabolism-related pathways were also disturbed significantly. TEM observation revealed that the mitochondrial morphology of cardiomyocytes in exposed tadpoles was swollen, and mitophagy was increased. Mitochondria fusion was excessively manifested in the enhanced mitochondrial fusion protein. The mitochondrial respiratory chain was also disturbed, which led to an increase in ROS production and a decrease in ATP content. Therefore, our results suggested that dinotefuran exposure can induce cardiac disease associated mitochondrial disorders by interfering with the functionality and dynamics of mitochondria. In addition, both two enantiomers of dinotefuran have certain toxicity to tadpole cardiomyocytes, while R-dinotefuran exhibited higher toxicity than S-enantiomer, which may be attributed to disparities in the activation capacities of the respiratory chain.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade , Guanidinas , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Animais , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Larva
9.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 482: 116795, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38160895

RESUMO

Recent research has demonstrated the toxicity of neonicotinoid pesticides (NNs) in mammals through their interaction with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). These effects are reported to extend to the intestinal microbiota as well. In addition, environmental stress affects the expression of nAChRs, which may alter sensitivity to NNs. In this study, we analyzed the intestinal microbiota of mice exposed to clothianidin (CLO), a type of NN, under environmental stress, and aimed to clarify the effects of such combined exposure on the intestinal microbiota. C57BL/6N male mice (9 weeks old) were subchronically administered a no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) CLO-mixed rehydration gel for 29 days and simultaneously subjected to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS). After the administration period, cecum contents were collected and analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing for intestinal microbiota. CLO exposure alone resulted in alterations in the relative abundance of Alistipes and ASF356, which produce short-chain fatty acids. The addition of CUMS amplified these changes. On the other hand, CLO alone did not affect the relative abundance of Lactobacillus, but the abundance decreased when CUMS was added. This study revealed that the combined exposure to CLO and stress not only amplifies their individual effects on intestinal microbiota but also demonstrates combined and multifaceted toxicities.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Guanidinas , Praguicidas , Receptores Nicotínicos , Tiazóis , Camundongos , Masculino , Animais , Praguicidas/toxicidade , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Mamíferos
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 907: 168072, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37879468

RESUMO

Pesticide use in agriculture threatens non-target insects such as bees. Considering the ecological and economic relevance of native bees, such as Scaptotrigona postica, and the insufficient studies on the effects of pesticides on their behavior and physiology, improving the current knowledge on this issue is essential. Therefore, this study investigated the sublethal effects of imidacloprid, pyraclostrobin, and glyphosate on the behavior and fat body cells of S. postica. Pesticide ingestion decreased the walking distance and mean velocity of bees compared to the control and solvent control groups. The oenocytes of the control groups were spherical, with central nuclei containing decondensed chromatin, and the trophocytes presented irregular morphology, with cells varying in shape and the cytoplasm filled with vacuoles and granules. However, bees exposed to pesticides showed extensive cytoarchitectural disruption in the fat body, such as vacuolization and shape changes in oenocytes and altered nuclei morphology in trophocytes. Moreover, pesticide exposure increased the number of atypical oenocytes and altered trophocytes, except for the PYR group, which showed a lower number of atypical oenocytes. Caspase-positive labeling significantly increased in all exposed bee groups. Alternatively, TLR4 labeling was significantly decreased in the exposed groups compared to the control groups. There was a significant increase in HSP90 immunolabeling in all exposed groups compared to the control. These findings reinforce the importance of research on the sublethal effects of low pesticide concentrations on key neotropical pollinators and prove that these toxic substances can impair their detoxification and immune defense.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Praguicidas , Abelhas , Animais , Corpo Adiposo , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Inseticidas/toxicidade
11.
Cells ; 12(24)2023 12 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38132092

RESUMO

Imidacloprid (IMI), a neonicotinoid insecticide, has potential cytotoxic and genotoxic effects on human and experimental models, respectively. While being an emerging environmental contaminant, occupational exposure and related cellular mechanisms are unknown. Herein, we were motivated by a specific patient case where occupational exposure to an IMI-containing plant protection product was associated with the diagnosis of Bell's palsy. The aim was to investigate the toxic effects and cellular mechanisms of IMI exposure on glial cells (D384 human astrocytes) and on human fibroblasts (AG01518). IMI-treated astrocytes showed a reduction in cell number and dose-dependent cytotoxicity at 24 h. Lower doses of IMI induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lysosomal membrane permeabilisation (LMP), causing apoptosis and autophagic dysfunction, while high doses caused significant necrotic cell death. Using normal fibroblasts, we found that IMI-induced autophagic dysfunction and lysosomal damage, activated lysophagy, and resulted in a compensatory increase in lysosomes. In conclusion, the observed IMI-induced effects on human glial cells and fibroblasts provide a possible link between IMI cytotoxicity and neurological complications observed clinically in the patient exposed to this neonicotinoid insecticide.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Humanos , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Astrócitos , Estresse Oxidativo , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides/metabolismo , Apoptose , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos
12.
J Exp Biol ; 226(22)2023 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37953722

RESUMO

Exposure to insecticides may contribute to global insect declines due to sublethal insecticide effects on non-target species. Thus far, much research on non-target insecticide effects has focused on neonicotinoids in a few bee species. Much less is known about effects on other insect taxa or newer insecticides, such as sulfoxaflor. Here, we studied the effects of an acute insecticide exposure on both olfactory and visual learning in free-moving Polistes fuscatus paper wasps. Wasps were exposed to a single, field-realistic oral dose of low-dose imidacloprid, high-dose imidacloprid or sulfoxaflor. Then, visual and olfactory learning and short-term memory were assessed. We found that acute insecticide exposure influenced performance, as sulfoxaflor- and high-dose imidacloprid-exposed wasps made fewer correct choices than control wasps. Notably, both visual and olfactory performance were similarly impaired. Wasps treated with high-dose imidacloprid were also less likely to complete the learning assay than wasps from the other treatment groups. Instead, wasps remained stationary and unmoving in the testing area, consistent with imidacloprid interfering with motor control. Finally, wasps treated with sulfoxaflor were more likely to die in the week after treatment than wasps in the other treatment groups. Our findings demonstrate that sublethal, field-realistic dosages of both neonicotinoid- and sulfoximine-based insecticides impair wasp learning and short-term memory, which may have additional effects on survival and motor functioning. Insecticides have broadly detrimental effects on diverse non-target insects that may influence foraging effectiveness, pollination services and ecosystem function.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Vespas , Animais , Abelhas , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Ecossistema , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Aprendizagem Espacial
13.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 196: 105594, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37945244

RESUMO

The toxic effects of neonicotinoid pesticides on honeybees is a global concern, whereas little is known about the effect of stereoisomeric pesticides among honeybee social behavior. In this study, we investigated the effects of stereoisomeric dinotefuran on honeybee social behavior. We found that honeybees exhibit a preference for consuming food containing S-dinotefuran, actively engage in trophallaxis with S-dinotefuran-consuming peers, and consequently acquire higher levels of S-dinotefuran compared with R-dinotefuran. In comparison to R-dinotefuran, S-dinotefuran stimulates honeybees to elevate their body temperature, thereby attracting more peers for trophallaxis. Transcriptome analysis revealed a significant enrichment of thermogenesis pathways due to S-dinotefuran exposure. Additionally, metabolome data indicated that S-dinotefuran may enhance body temperature by promoting lipid synthesis in the lysine degradation pathway. Consequently, body temperature emerges as a key factor influencing honeybee social behavior. Our study is the first to highlight the propensity of S-dinotefuran to raise honeybee body temperature, which prompts honeybee to preferentially engage in trophallaxis with peers exhibiting higher body temperatures. This preference may lead honeybees to collect more dinotefuran-contaminated food in the wild, significantly accelerating dinotefuran transmission within a population. Proactive trophallaxis further amplifies the risk of neonicotinoid pesticide transmission within a population, making honeybees that have consumed S-dinotefuran particularly favored within their colonies. These findings may contribute to our understanding of the higher risk associated with neonicotinoid use compared with other pesticides.


Assuntos
Praguicidas , Abelhas , Animais , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Guanidinas/toxicidade
14.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 196: 105610, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37945249

RESUMO

The widespread use of pesticides hampers the immune system of non-target organisms, however, there is a lack of common biomarkers to detect such effects. Myeloid differentiation primary response factor 88 (MyD88) is a crucial junction protein in the Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, which plays an important role in the inflammatory response. In this study, we investigated MyD88 as a potential biomarker for pesticide-induced stress. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that MyD88 was a conserved protein in the evolution of vertebrates and invertebrates. MyD88s usually have death domain (DD) and Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain. Bombyx mori (B. mori) is an important economic insect that is sensitive to toxic substances. We found microbial pesticides enhanced the expression level of MyD88 in B. mori. Transcriptome analysis demonstrated that MyD88 expression level was increased in the fatbody after dinotefuran exposure, a third-generation neonicotinoid pesticide. Moreover, the expression of MyD88 was upregulated in fatbody and midgut by imidacloprid, a first-generation neonicotinoid pesticide. Additionally, insect growth regulator (IGR) pesticides, such as methoprene and fenoxycarb, could induce MyD88 expression in the fatbody of B. mori. These results indicated that MyD88 is a potential biomarker for pesticide-induced stress in B. mori. This study provides novel insights into screening common biomarkers for multiple pesticide stresses and important implications for the development of more sustainable pest management strategies.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Praguicidas , Animais , Praguicidas/farmacologia , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/farmacologia , Filogenia , Biomarcadores , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo
15.
PLoS One ; 18(11): e0294877, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38011174

RESUMO

Imidacloprid is a neonicotinoid insecticide that efficiently controls piercing-sucking mouthparts pests. However, the impact of low lethal concentration of imidacloprid on key demographic parameters of wheat aphids, Schizaphis graminum (R.) and Rhopalosiphum padi (L.) has been scarcely studied. In this study, we used the age stage, two-sex life table approach to investigate the sublethal effects of imidacloprid on the biological traits of S. graminum and R. padi. Bioassays showed that imidacloprid possesses high toxicity to adult S. graminum and R. padi, with LC50 of 3.59 and 13.78 mg L-1 following 24 h exposure. A low lethal concentration of imidacloprid (LC25) significantly decreased adult longevity and total longevity of progeny generation aphids (F1) of S. graminum. Nevertheless, imidacloprid (LC25) had no significant effects on the fecundity and longevity of directly exposed parental parental S. graminum and R. padi (F0). Our results showed that the low lethal concentration of imidacloprid affected the demographic parameters that ultimately impact on the population of S. graminum. This study provides detailed information about the overall effects of imidacloprid on S. graminum and R. padi that might help to manage these two key pests.


Assuntos
Afídeos , Inseticidas , Animais , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Fertilidade , Inseticidas/toxicidade
16.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 24(1): 68, 2023 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38012698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Imidacloprid is a neonicotinoid insecticide belonging to the chloronicotinyl nitroguanidine chemical family. Toxicity of IMD for mammals in scientific studies has shown high mutagenic, immunotoxic, teratogenic and neurotoxic effects. The present study was designed to assess the toxic effects of imidacloprid (IMD) on the testicular and epididymis tissues as well as testosterone levels of neonatal male rats. METHODS: Neonatal male rats from postnatal day (PND) 1 to PND 26 were consecutively administered with different concentrations of IMD (1, 5 and 10 mg/kg) subcutaneously. The effect of IMD on body and organ weight, lipid profile, histopathological alterations, oxidative stress and altered testosterone levels were assessed in the testis and plasma. RESULTS: The results of body weight gain showed a significant difference in group 4 (10 mg/kg) animals as compared to the control. A significant increase in total cholesterol and triglycerides, while a decrease in high-density lipoprotein concentrations was evident. Similarly, a significant decrease in concentrations of antioxidant enzymes (CAT and SOD) among all the IMD-treated groups was evident, when compared to the control. Increased production of ROS was also noticed in the highest-dose treatment group. Further, we observed that IMD-treated rats indicated histopathological changes in the testis and epididymis along with a significant decrease in the plasma testosterone concentrations among IMI-treated groups in contrast to the control. Histological examination of the testis of IMD-treated neonatal male rats also showed decreased spermatogenesis in the treated groups when compared to the control. Furthermore, an increase in lumen diameter and a decrease in epithelial height of seminiferous tubules were also observed in IMD-treated rats in comparison with the control. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that sub-chronic exposure to IMD in neonatal male rats may induce histopathological changes in reproductive tissues and damage normal testicular functions via inducing oxidative stress, decrease in body weight, disturbing normal blood lipid profile and testosterone concentration. IMD exposure can induce pathophysiological effects calls for further evaluation of this widely used insecticide.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Testículo , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Epididimo , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Espermatozoides , Ratos Wistar , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Testosterona/metabolismo , Testosterona/farmacologia , Lipídeos , Peso Corporal , Mamíferos
17.
Environ Sci Technol ; 57(42): 15816-15824, 2023 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37819077

RESUMO

As the mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) has been reported to be a biomarker for mtDNA damage in honeybees when exposed to sublethal neonicotinoids, the feasibility of using human mitochondria as a predictor upon neonicotinoid exposure remains elusive. This study investigated the association between the urinary neonicotinoid and the relative mtDNAcn (RmtDNAcn) of oral epithelial cells collected in a cross-sectional study with repeated measurements over 6 weeks. The molecular mechanism underlying neonicotinoid-caused mitochondrial damage was also examined by in vitro assay. Herein, the average integrated urinary neonicotinoid (IMIRPF) concentration ranged from 8.01 to 13.70 µg/L (specific gravity-adjusted) during the sampling period. Concomitantly, with an increase in the urinary IMIRPF, the RmtDNAcn significantly increased from 1.20 (low group) to 1.93 (high group), indicating potential dose-dependent mitochondrial damage. Furthermore, the linear regression analysis confirmed the significant correlation between the IMIRPF and RmtDNAcn. Results from in vitro assays demonstrated that neonicotinoid exposure led to the inhibition of the genes encoding mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes I and III (e.g., ND2, ND6, CytB, and CYC1), accompanied by increased reactive oxygen species production in SH-SY5Y cells. Conjointly, neonicotinoid exposure led to mitochondrial dysfunction and a resulting increase in the RmtDNAcn, which may serve as a plausible biomarker in humans.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Neuroblastoma , Humanos , Animais , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Estudos Transversais , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Mitocôndrias/genética , Biomarcadores , Células Epiteliais
18.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(51): 111099-111112, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37801250

RESUMO

Imidacloprid (IMI) and cadmium (Cd) are pollutants of concern in the environment. Although investigations about their combined toxicity to organisms such as earthworms, aquatic worms, Daphnia magna, and zebrafish have been carried out, their combined toxicity to mammals remains unknow. In this study, twenty-four 8-week-old mice were arbitrarily separated into 4 groups: CK (control group), IMI (15 mg/kg bw/day, 1/10 LD50), Cd (15 mg/kg bw/day, 1/10 LD50), and IMI + Cd (15 mg/kg bw/day IMI + 15 mg/kg bw/d Cd) and the combined toxic effects of IMI and Cd were examined with biochemical (oxidative stress testing) and omics approaches (metabolomics and lipidomics). The results revealed changes in each treatment group in terms of oxidative stress, abnormalities in lipid metabolism, and disturbances in amino acid metabolism. Co-administration had antagonistic effects on MDA accumulation and lipid metabolism disorders while acting synergistically on changes in SOD and GSH-Px activities. It is worth noting that after analysis, the changes caused by mixed administration in vivo were closer to those caused by IMI administration alone. This study provides new insights into the combined toxicity of neonicotinoids and heavy metals, which is helpful for relevant environmental governance and further investigations about their impacts on human health and the environment.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Cádmio/farmacologia , Peixe-Zebra , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Política Ambiental , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Aminoácidos , Mamíferos
19.
Environ Pollut ; 339: 122742, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37839683

RESUMO

Agricultural production and the indiscriminate use of insecticides such as thiamethoxam have put at risk the biodiversity and ecosystem services provided by bees, including native stingless species. Since most of the native species do not present economic importance, they may suffer "silent extinction", due to lack of monitoring of their colonies. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the lethal and sublethal concentrations of the insecticide thiamethoxam, with evaluation of its sublethal effects on mobility, in the stingless bee Plebeia catamarcensis (Holmberg, 1903). Foraging bees were collected and exposed to thiamethoxam to determine lethal (LC50) and sublethal concentrations. The 24 h LC50 was 0.408 ng a.i./µL, a value demonstrating that this species may be as sensitive as other stingless bees already studied. Sublethal concentrations influenced the locomotion abilities of the bees, making them hyperactive when exposed to LC50/10 and lethargic when exposed to LC50/100. The effects of sublethal concentrations on individuals may have collective consequences, especially in colonies with few individuals, as is the case of P. catamarcensis. The findings reinforce the hypothesis that thiamethoxam may contribute to the decline of native stingless bees, which can be significantly impacted when chronically exposed to agricultural production systems that use this insecticide, consequently affecting the ecosystem services provided by these bees.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Inseticidas , Humanos , Abelhas , Animais , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Tiametoxam , Ecossistema , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade
20.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 16462, 2023 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37777537

RESUMO

Many pollinators, including bumble bees, are in decline. Such declines are known to be driven by a number of interacting factors. Decreases in bee populations may also negatively impact the key ecosystem service, pollination, that they provide. Pesticides and parasites are often cited as two of the drivers of bee declines, particularly as they have previously been found to interact with one another to the detriment of bee health. Here we test the effects of an insecticide, sulfoxaflor, and a highly prevalent bumble bee parasite, Crithidia bombi, on the bumble bee Bombus terrestris. After exposing colonies to realistic doses of either sulfoxaflor and/or Crithidia bombi in a fully crossed experiment, colonies were allowed to forage on field beans in outdoor exclusion cages. Foraging performance was monitored, and the impacts on fruit set were recorded. We found no effect of either stressor, or their interaction, on the pollination services they provide to field beans, either at an individual level or a whole colony level. Further, there was no impact of any treatment, in any metric, on colony development. Our results contrast with prior findings that similar insecticides (neonicotinoids) impact pollination services, and that sulfoxaflor impacts colony development, potentially suggesting that sulfoxaflor is a less harmful compound to bee health than neonicotinoids insecticides.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Polinização , Abelhas , Animais , Ecossistema , Crithidia , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade
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