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1.
Estima (Online) ; 19(1): e1521, jan.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1291477

RESUMO

Objetivo:Analisar as percepções dos pacientes com câncer colorretal em uso de colostomia sobre os cuidados de enfermagem das unidades de internação em oncologia de um hospital do oeste de Santa Catarina. Métodos: Estudo descritivo-exploratório de abordagem qualitativa realizado nas unidades de internação em oncologia do Hospital Regional do Oeste, no período de janeiro a agosto de 2020, por meio de um questionário contendo dados sociodemográficos e entrevista semiestruturada, aplicado a 20 pacientes com câncer colorretal em uso de colostomia. Os dados foram analisados por meio da Análise de Conteúdo de Laurence Bardin. Resultados: Os resultados apontaram prevalência de colostomizados do sexo masculino, com idade média de 60,25 anos, casados, aposentados e com ensino fundamental incompleto. A partir da análise qualitativa das entrevistas surgiu a categoria: percepções dos pacientes sobre os cuidados de enfermagem, a qual foi subdividida em: cuidados de enfermagem com a bolsa e a estomia e cuidados de enfermagem na internação. Conclusão: Ao término da pesquisa, conclui-se que os colostomizados percebem que a equipe de enfermagem realiza os cuidados essenciais à bolsa e à estomia, incluindo sua troca e higiene durante a internação, atendendo às necessidades dos pacientes. Além disso, fornecem orientações importantes sobre o uso dos dispositivos, promovendo educação em saúde.


Assuntos
Colostomia , Neoplasias Colorretais , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estomaterapia , Oncologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem
2.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e049581, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489283

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of four different primary screening strategies: high-risk factor questionnaire (HRFQ) alone, single immunochemical faecal occult blood test (iFOBT), double iFOBT and HRFQ+double iFOBT for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening compared with no screening using the Markov model. METHODS: Treeage Pro V.2011 software was used to simulate the Markov model. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio, which was compared with the willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold, was used to reflect the cost-effectiveness of the CRC screening method. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analysis were used for parameter uncertainty. RESULTS: All strategies had greater effectiveness because they had more quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) than no screening. When the WTP was ¥435 762/QALY, all screening strategies were cost-effective compared with no screening. The double iFOBT strategy was the best-buy option compared with all other strategies because it had the most QALYs and the least cost. One-way sensitivity analysis showed that the sensitivity of low-risk adenoma, compliance with colonoscopy and primary screening cost were the main influencing factors comparing single iFOBT, double iFOBT and HRFQ+double iFOBT with no screening. However, within the scope of this study, there was no fundamental impact on cost-effectiveness. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that when the WTP was ¥435 762/QALY, the probabilities of the cost-effectiveness acceptability curve with HRFQ alone, single iFOBT, double iFOBT and HRFQ+double iFOBT were 0.0%, 5.3%, 69.3% and 25.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: All screening strategies for CRC were cost-effective compared with no screening strategy. Double iFOBT was the best-buy option compared with all other strategies. The significant influencing factors were the sensitivity of low-risk polyps, compliance with colonoscopy and cost of primary screening.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , China , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Programas de Rastreamento , Sangue Oculto , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
3.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 379, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family functions in immune response to viral infection, its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been inspected before. This study tries to investigate members of IRF family using bioinformatics approaches in aspect of differential expressions, biological function, tumor immune infiltration and clinical prognostic value for patients with CRC. METHODS: Transcriptome profiles data, somatic mutations and clinical information of CRC were obtained from COAD/READ dataset of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) as a training set. Gene expression data (GSE17536 and GSE39582) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus as a validating set. A random forest algorithm was used to score the risk for every case. Analyzing gene and function enrichment, constructing protein-protein interaction and noncoding RNA network, identifying hub-gene, characterizing tumor immune infiltration, evaluating differences in tumor mutational burden (TMB) and sensitivity to chemotherapeutics or immunotherapy were performed by a series of online tools and R packages. Immunohistochemical (IHC) examinations were carried out validation in tissue samples. RESULTS: Principal-component analysis (PCA) suggested that the transcript expression levels of nine members of IRF family differed between normal colorectum and CRC. The risk score constructed by IRF family not only acted as an independent factor for predicting survival in CRC patients with different biological processes, signaling pathways and TMB, but also indicated different immunotherapy response with diverse immune and stromal cells infiltration. IRF3 and IRF7 were upregulated in CRC and suggested a shorter survival time in patients with CRC. Differentially expressed members of IRF family exhibited varying degrees of immune cell infiltration. IHC analysis showed a positive association between IRF3 and IRF7 expression and tumor-infiltrating immune cells, including CD4+ T cell and CD68+ macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: On account of differential expression, IRF family members can help to predict both response to immunotherapy and clinical prognosis of patients with CRC. Our bioinformatic investigation not only gives a preliminary picture of the genetic features as well as tumor microenvironment, but it may provide a clue for further experimental exploration and verification on IRF family members in CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(9): 1294-1299, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531340

RESUMO

Background: Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Microsatellite instability pathway is important in the pathogenesis of CRC. Immunohistochemistry expression of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins serves as surrogate marker for MMR gene mutation. Aims: This study aimed to determine MSI status of a cohort of CRC cases using immunohistochemistry. Materials and Method: Surgical pathology blocks of resected colonic carcinoma (CC) between 2011 and 2015 were extracted from our departmental archives and The Specialist Laboratories in Lagos. Immunohistochemical expression profile of 4 MMR proteins was assessed in the representative blocks and this was correlated with the demographic and pathological characteristics. Results: There were 19 males and 16 females with CC, mean age of 51.6 years, and 40% of them were below 50 years of age. Twenty (57.1%) out of the 35 CC cases seen were mismatch repair proficient (pMMR) while the remaining 15 (42.9%) were mismatch repair deficient (dMMR). Seven dMMR cases were seen equally on the right and left colonic tumors respectively. Five (71.4%) out of the 7 mucinous tumors in this study were dMMR, right sided with 3 of them in patients who were below 50 years of age. Conclusion: The frequency of mismatch repair deficiency in CC among Nigerians is high, and presence of right-sided mucinous colon cancer in patients below 50 years is highly suggestive of dMMR status. Mutation studies of larger patient samples to determine the percentage with germline mutation will further our knowledge, and influence therapeutic options for CC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Reparo de Erro de Pareamento de DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria
5.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(9): 821-827, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533130

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the inflammatory induction effect of HCT-116 colorectal cancer cells on normal fibroblasts (NFs) extracted from para-cancerous tissues and the effect of cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) on cancer cell migration and its potential mechanism. Methods The enzyme digestive method was used to extract NFs and CAFs from tissues. Spatial Gene Expression Dataset was downloaded to analyze transcriptional expression levels of inflammatory factors including transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CXCL2), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1). In vitro direct and indirect co-culture models were used to study the interaction between fibroblasts and cancer cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect expressions of fibroblast activated protein (FAP) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Inflammatory factors TGF-ß, TNF-α, CXCL2, IL-1ß, and SDF-1 secreted in medium were measured by ELISA. Three co-culture groups were set up in which HCT-116 cells were co-cultured respectively with NFs, CAFs, and CAFs pretreated with AMD3100, an inhibitor of SDF-1. Cell migration ability was evaluated by the cell scratch-wound assay and the TranswellTM migration assay. Results CAFs expressed higher levels of FAP and α-SMA than NFs, and HCT-116 cancer cells induced the transformation of NFs to CAFs. Compared to NFs, CAFs secreted higher levels of inflammatory factors TGF-ß, TNF-α, CXCL2, IL-1ß, and SDF-1, while in the in vitro co-culture models cancer cells induced the secretion of SDF-1 but had no effect on secretions of TGF-ß, TNF-α, CXCL2, and IL-1ß from NFs. CAFs significantly stimulated cancer cell migration compared to NFs, which was weakened by AMD3100, an inhibitor of SDF-1. Conclusion Colorectal cancer cells induce the transformation of NFs to CAFs, and CAFs stimulated cancer cell migration with the SDF-1 secreted.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Neoplasias Colorretais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Quimiocina CXCL12/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Fibroblastos , Humanos
6.
Nanoscale ; 13(35): 14879-14899, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533177

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) has a poor prognosis and urgently needs better therapeutic approaches. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) based photodynamic therapy (PDT) is already used in the clinic for several cancers but not yet well investigated for CRC. Currently, systemic administration of ALA offers a limited degree of tumour selectivity, except for intracranial tumours, limiting its wider use in the clinic. The combination of effective ALA-PDT and chemotherapy may provide a promising alternative approach for CRC treatment. Herein, theranostic Ag2S quantum dots (AS-2MPA) optically trackable in near-infrared (NIR), conjugated with endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting Cetuximab (Cet) and loaded with ALA for PDT monotherapy or ALA/5-fluorouracil (5FU) for the combination therapy are proposed for enhanced treatment of EGFR(+) CRC. AS-2MPA-Cet exhibited excellent targeting of the high EGFR expressing cells and showed a strong intracellular signal for NIR optical detection in a comparative study performed on SW480, HCT116, and HT29 cells, which exhibit high, medium and low EGFR expression, respectively. Targeting provided enhanced uptake of the ALA loaded nanoparticles by strong EGFR expressing cells and formation of higher levels of PpIX. Cells also differ in their efficiency to convert ALA to PpIX, and SW480 was the best, followed by HT29, while HCT116 was determined as unsuitable for ALA-PDT. The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated in 2D cell cultures and 3D spheroids of SW480 and HT29 cells using AS-2MPA with either electrostatically loaded, hydrazone or amide linked ALA to achieve different levels of pH or enzyme sensitive release. Most effective phototoxicity was observed in SW480 cells using AS-2MPA-ALA-electrostatic-Cet due to enhanced uptake of the particles, fast ALA release and effective ALA-to-PpIX conversion. Targeted delivery reduced the effective ALA concentration significantly which was further reduced with codelivery of 5FU. Delivery of ALA via covalent linkages was also effective for PDT, but required a longer incubation time for the release of ALA in therapeutic doses. Phototoxicity was correlated with high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptotic/necrotic cell death. Hence, both AS-2MPA-ALA-Cet based PDT and AS-2MPA-ALA-Cet-5FU based chemo/PDT combination therapy coupled with strong NIR tracking of the nanoparticles demonstrate an exceptional therapeutic effect on CRC cells and excellent potential for synergistic multistage tumour targeting therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Fotoquimioterapia , Pontos Quânticos , Ácido Aminolevulínico/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cetuximab/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imagem Óptica , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Protoporfirinas
7.
Rev Med Chil ; 149(4): 580-590, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479346

RESUMO

Screening programs for colorectal cancer (CRC) are standard in most developed countries because they reduce mortality and are cost-effective. Within them, colonoscopy allows to directly visualize the colon and remove neoplastic lesions. However, it is an expensive exam with low adherence in asymptomatic individuals. The fecal occult blood test (FOBT) is a low-cost and risk-free method for the user, which results in a high rate of adherence, explaining its use in most screening programs. This article analyzes the effectiveness of different fecal occult blood tests in screening programs. The main conclusions are that the sensitivity of the guaiac-based chemical test for the detection of colorectal cancer is lower than that observed with qualitative and quantitative immunological tests. Automated quantitative methods allow objective readings independent of the operator and the reaction reading time, necessary for the analysis of large numbers of samples. The participation rate with immunological FOBTs is higher than with chemical ones, which is why they are preferred by the different countries that have screening programs. The use of quantitative tests allows stratification of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients at higher risk, in the screening programs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Sangue Oculto , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Guaiaco , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento
8.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 77-84, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480459

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare early (resection quality, complication rate, surgery time) and long-term (recurrence rate) outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection versus endoscopic mucosal resection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Data were analyzed using the Rewiew Manager 5.3 software. RESULTS: The study included 8 manuscripts including 6 retrospective trials, 1 case-control and only 1 prospective study. These studies comprised the results of endoscopic resection of 1989 colonic tumors (EMR - 748, ESD - 1241). ESD is associated with higher incidence of en-bloc resection (OR 0.13; 95% CI 0.03 0.49; p=0.003) and R0 resection (OR 0.23; 95% CI 0.05 1.02; p=0.05) compared to EMR. Local recurrence rate is 13 times higher after EMR compared to ESD (OR 13.94; 95% CI 6.3 30.8; p=0.00001). However, ESD is followed by 4 times higher risk of colon wall perforation (OR 0.25; 95% CI 0.08 0.81; p=0.02). CONCLUSION: ESD is more advisable regarding resection quality compared to EMR. However, higher incidence of perforations, surgery time and technical features of ESD do not allow us to unambiguously interpret the results of our meta-analysis and determine the optimal surgical approach.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4447-4453, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The tumor microenvironment plays an important role in tumor progression. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have been reported to promote proliferation, invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, and immunosuppression. Furthermore, angiogenesis has been reported to induce chemoresistance due to the inefficient distribution of drugs to cancer cells. However, the impact of TAMs on chemoresistance via angiogenesis in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of TAMs on the chemotherapeutic outcome in CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 54 patients who underwent chemotherapy for unresectable metastatic CRC after resection of the primary tumor. We evaluated the density of TAMs and the degree of angiogenesis by immunohistochemistry and then explored the correlation between the density of TAMs and chemotherapeutic outcome. Furthermore, we assessed any correlation between the density of TAMs and that of neovascularity. RESULTS: The high-TAMs group had a significantly worse progression-free survival (p=0.0006) and a poorer response rate (p=0.0274) than the low-TAMs group. In addition, a positive correlation was observed between the density of TAMs and the degree of neovascularity (r=0.665, p=0.0004). CONCLUSION: TAMs were shown to promote chemoresistance via angiogenesis in CRC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/irrigação sanguínea , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Molécula-1 de Adesão Celular Endotelial a Plaquetas/metabolismo , Macrófagos Associados a Tumor/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microambiente Tumoral
10.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4489-4495, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The chemokine receptors C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) and C-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CCR7) play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. This study investigated the relationship between relative expression of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA, clinicopathological factors, and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 202 patients who underwent surgery for CRC. The expression levels of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA in cancerous tissue were measured using quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: High CCR7 mRNA expression levels in CRC tissues were positively associated with tumour size and were more frequently associated with cancer of the rectum than of the colon. Moreover, outcomes were significantly poorer in patients with high CCR7 mRNA expression than in those with low expression. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, a higher CCR7 mRNA expression level was a significant independent predictor of poorer overall survival in patients with CRC. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of CCR7 mRNA may be a useful independent prognostic factor in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Receptores CCR7/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
11.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4497-4504, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: E-Cadherin has been implicated in cell-cell adhesion, and soluble E-cadherin is involved in angiogenesis and resistance to anti-angiogenic therapy in several cancer types. This study aimed to investigate the expression and clinical significance of soluble E-cadherin and other angiogenesis-related factors in plasma and malignant ascites of colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed on 95 body fluid samples (57 plasma and 38 malignant ascites) from patients with CRC. The status of E-cadherin and angiopoietin-2 (AGNPT2) was retrospectively evaluated by immunohistochemistry in primary CRC and paired metastatic peritoneal tissues or cell blocks of malignant ascites of 30 patients with peritoneal metastases of CRC. RESULTS: The expression levels of soluble E-cadherin and ANGPT2 in plasma samples were significantly increased in patients with PC compared with those without. E-Cadherin concentration was significantly lower and ANGPT2 concentration was significantly higher in malignant ascites than plasma samples. Expression of E-cadherin was strongly positive, whilst that of ANGPT2 was negative in primary colorectal tissues, metastatic peritoneal tissues, and cell blocks of malignant ascites by immunohistochemistry. High levels of soluble E-cadherin or ANGPT2 in ascites were negatively associated with overall survival in patients with CRC with malignant ascites. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that soluble E-cadherin and ANGPT2 may be surrogate biomarkers for clinical outcome in patients with PC from CRC.


Assuntos
Angiopoietina-2/metabolismo , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Regulação para Cima
12.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4505-4513, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumor vascular microenvironment has an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. The objective of this study was to assess the significance of metastatic hepatic tumor vascular microenvironment in relation to the response to systemic fluorouracil-based chemotherapy [folinic acid/fluorouracil/oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) or folinic acid/fluorouracil/irinotecan (FOLFIRI)]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 48 consecutive patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) with hepatic metastasis were retrospectively reviewed, and factors such as metastatic tumor vascular microenvironment, chemotherapy response and hepatic resection, were analyzed. Tumor angiogenesis was microscopically evaluated by microvessel density (MVD) in sections stained immunochemically with antibody to CD34 in patients with hepatic resection. Angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment in association with ring enhancement (RE) on computed tomography (CT) was also examined. RESULTS: Microscopic examination revealed that peripheral RE on CT of the metastatic tumor was associated with tumor angiogenesis by MVD. The overall response rate after six courses of first-line chemotherapy for liver metastasis with RE on CT was 64% (23/36), whereas the response rate for those without RE was 25% (3/12), which was significantly lower, although the survival of patients with RE-positive and RE-negative tumors did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION: Peripheral RE of metastatic hepatic tumor on CT was associated with angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment and higher chemotherapy response.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucovorina/farmacologia , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4529-4534, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475079

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Blood transfusion and a large amount of intraoperative blood loss (IBL) have been reported to have a negative impact on long-term survival via immunosuppression. In recent years, thanks to the spread of laparoscopic surgery and the development of surgical devices, the average amount of IBL has decreased, as has the need for perioperative blood transfusion. Under such conditions, the prognostic significance of the amount of IBL is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the amount of IBL on long-term survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 277 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery for stage II/III colorectal cancer were enrolled. RESULTS: The median amount of IBL was 30 ml, and 16 patients received blood transfusion. The overall survival rates were significantly better in the low-IBL (≤100 ml) group than in the high-IBL (>100 ml) group regardless of the blood transfusion. As the amount of IBL increased, the decline rate of the peripheral lymphocyte count increased. CONCLUSION: A large amount of IBL was associated with poor long-term survival, regardless of blood transfusion, in patients with colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
14.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4637-4644, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate frailty as a prognostic factor in patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing hepatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven patients who underwent hepatectomy at our institution were enrolled. Frailty was defined as a score of ≥4 on a clinical frailty scale. Patients were divided into frailty (n=29) and non-frailty (n=58) groups. RESULTS: Overall and cancer-specific survival rates were significantly worse in the frailty group compared with the non-frailty group, and multivariate analysis revealed frailty as an independent prognostic factor. Disease-free survival tended to be worse in the frailty group. Fifty-eight patients relapsed after the first hepatectomy. Twenty-one of 58 recurrent patients were allocated to the frailty group. After recurrence, chemotherapy was significantly more frequently performed in the non-frailty group compared with the frailty group. CONCLUSION: Frailty can predict the prognosis of patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Tratamento Farmacológico , Feminino , Fragilidade/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4645-4650, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Previous reports have indicated that increased expression of Jagged-1 (JAG1) may predict chemotherapy response and poor prognosis for patients with recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to investigate the clinical impact of JAG1 expression level in patients with CRC, including recurrence, especially in those diagnosed with lymph node-positive stage III CRC who underwent complete resection and appropriate adjuvant chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients were enrolled through a retrospective chart review, and only those for whom the clinical course and all clinical information were adequately determined according to the inclusion criteria were selected for retrospective review through medical records. Immunohistochemical staining of JAG1 was performed using paraffin-embedded tissue. JAG1 expression was determined by scoring for staining intensity and percentage of positively stained cells; the final JAG1 score was determined as the sum of both scores. RESULTS: Sixteen patients who experienced relapse and 15 without (for over 3 years) were selected. The protein expression level of JAG1 showed a tendency for being lower in the group without recurrence, although not statistically significantly (p=0.083); however, the mean JAG1 expression score was significantly lower in the group without recurrence (1.53 vs. 3.19; p=0.004). The patients were divided into two groups with low and high JAG1 expression. The results showed that high JAG1 expression was significantly associated with recurrence of stage III CRC (p=0.029). CONCLUSION: The expression of JAG1 may be a potential novel biomarker for predicting CRC recurrence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína Jagged-1/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4651-4658, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We evaluated the predictive value of candidate serum biomarkers for recurrence in stage II and III colorectal cancer (CRC) after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 33 and 120 patients with CRC with or without recurrence at 5 years after curative surgery were included in the training set and the validation set, respectively. Possible serum biomarkers were examined for associations with CRC recurrence using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: In the training set, the expression levels of the 14 biomarkers were compared according to recurrence. Among them, five biomarkers that had significantly different expression levels were validated in 60 patients with recurrence at 5 years after curative surgery and 60 patients without. Multivariate analysis showed that natural log-transformed values of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cyclin-dependent kinase regulatory subunit 2 (CKS2), 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetase 2 (OAS2), and autophagy-related gene 5 (ATG5) in preoperative serum were significantly related to recurrence. ROC analysis showed that these biomarkers were able to discriminate patients with recurrence from those without (area under the curve=0.828, 95% confidence interval=0.755-0.990). CONCLUSION: Preoperative serum levels of CEA, CKS2, OAS2 and ATG5 were independent risk factors for recurrence. A combination of serum CEA, CKS2, OAS2 and ATG5 predicted tumor recurrence well in patients with stage II and III CRC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , 2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase/sangue , Idoso , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/sangue , Quinases relacionadas a CDC2 e CDC28/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Curva ROC
17.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e248746, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495165

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers leading to comorbidities and mortalities globally. The rational of current study was to evaluate the combined epigallocatechin gallate and quercetin as a potent antitumor agent as commentary agent for therapeutic protocol. The present study investigated the effect of epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) (150mg) and quercetin (200mg) at different proportions on proliferation and induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells (HCT-116). Cell growth, colonogenic, Annexin V in addition cell cycle were detected in response to phytomolecules. Data obtained showed that, the colony formation was inhibited significantly in CRC starting from the lowest concentration tested of 10 µg/mL resulting in no colonies as visualized by a phase-contrast microscope. Data showed a significant elevation in the annexin V at 100 µg/mL EGCG(25.85%) and 150 µg/mL quercetin (48.35%). Moreover, cell cycle analysis showed that this combination caused cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase at concentration of 100 µg/mL (72.7%) and 150 µg/mL (75.25%). The combined effect of epigallocatechin Gallate and quercetin exert antiproliferative activity against CRC, it is promising in alternative conventional chemotherapeutic agent.


Assuntos
Catequina , Neoplasias Colorretais , Anexina A5 , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Catequina/farmacologia , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Quercetina/farmacologia
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(31): 5272-5287, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The rate of positive tests using fecal immunochemical test (FIT) does not decrease with subsequent campaigns, but the positive predictive value of advanced neoplasia significantly decreases in subsequent campaign after a first negative test. A relationship between the fecal hemoglobin concentration (Fhb) and the opportunity to detect a colorectal cancer in subsequent campaign has been shown. AIM: To predict the severity of colorectal lesions based on Fhb measured during previous colorectal cancer screening campaign. METHODS: This etiological study included 293750 patients aged 50-74, living in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (France). These patients completed at least two FIT [test(-1) and test(0)] between June 2015 and December 2019. Delay between test(-1) and test(0) was > 1 year and test(-1) result was negative (< 150 ngHb/mL). The severity of colorectal lesions diagnosed at test(0) was described according to Fhb measured at test(-1) [Fhb(-1)]. The relationship between the severity classified in seven ordinal categories and the predictive factors was analyzed in an ordered multivariate polytomous regression model. RESULTS: The test(0) positive rate was 4.0%, and the colonoscopy completion rate was 97.1% in 11594 patients who showed a positive test(0). The colonoscopy detection rate was 77.7% in those 11254 patients who underwent a colonoscopy. A total of 8748 colorectal lesions were detected (including 2182 low-risk-polyps, 2400 high-risk-polyp, and 502 colorectal cancer). The colonoscopy detection rate varied significantly with Fhb(-1) [0 ngHb/mL: 75.6%, (0-50 ngHb/mL): 77.3%, (50-100 ngHb/mL): 88.7%, (100-150 ngHb/mL): 90.3%; P = 0.001]. People with a Fhb(-1) within (100-150 ngHb/mL) (P = 0.001) were 2.6 (2.2; 3.0) times more likely to have a high severity level compared to those having a Fhb(-1) value of zero. This risk was reduced by 20% in patients aged 55-59 compared to those aged < 55 [adjusted odds ratio: 0.8 (0.6; 1.0)]. CONCLUSION: The study showed that higher Fhb(-1) is correlated to an increased risk of severity of colorectal lesions. This risk of severity increased among first-time participants (age < 55) and the elderly (≥ 70). To avoid the loss of chance in these age groups, the FIT positivity threshold should be reduced to 100 ngHb/mL. The other alternative would be to reduce the time between the two tests in these age groups from the current 2 years to 1 year.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Sangue Oculto , Idoso , Pré-Escolar , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Fezes/química , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento
20.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 265, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479583

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most frequent neoplasms in the world. Based on the emerging role of noncoding RNAs, particularly circular RNAs in pathogenesis of cancers, we designed this study to inspect the expression levels of a circ0009910-mediated regulatory pathway in colorectal cancer. METHODS: After bioinformatics analyses and construction of putative circ0009910/ miR-145-5p/PEAK1 pathway, the expression levels of these components were evaluated in 50 CRC tissues and adjacent specimens by quantitative real-time PCR. Moreover, we appraised the correlation coefficients between these transcripts and calculated the correlation between circ0009910 expression levels with clinicopathological features of patients. RESULTS: Circ0009910 and PEAK1 were significantly upregulated, while miR-145-5p was decreased in CRC samples compared with adjacent tissues (p < 0.05). Moreover, statistically significant correlations were observed between expression levels of circ0009910, miR-145-5p, and PEAK1. We also reported considerable correlations between circ0009910 expression and clinicopathological parameters including sex and perineural invasion. Finally, ROC curve analysis showed circ0009910 level as a discriminative biomarker for CRC. CONCLUSION: For the first time, we could introduce circ0009910 as an important biomarker in CRC. Collectively, this investigation helped us to identify a newly diagnosed pathway in CRC that can be a potential axis for designing effective drugs for treatment of CRC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , MicroRNAs , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Prognóstico
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