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1.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; 20(1): 2335728, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563136

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women globally. Immunotherapy has emerged as a major milestone in contemporary oncology. This study aims to conduct a bibliometric analysis in the field of immunotherapy for breast cancer, providing a comprehensive overview of the current research status, identifying trends and hotspots in research topics. We searched and retrieved data from the Web of Science Core Collection, and performed a bibliometric analysis of publications on immunotherapy for breast cancer from 2013 to 2022. Current status and hotspots were evaluated by co-occurrence analysis using VOSviewer. Evolution and bursts of knowledge base were assessed by co-citation analysis using CiteSpace. Thematic evolution by bibliometrix package was used to discover keywords trends. The attribution and collaboration of countries/regions, institutions and authors were also explored. A total of 7,975 publications were included. In co-occurrence analysis of keywords, 6 major clusters were revealed: tumor microenvironment, prognosis biomarker, immune checkpoints, novel drug delivery methods, immune cells and therapeutic approaches. The top three most frequently mentioned keywords were tumor microenvironment, triple-negative breast cancer, and programmed cell death ligand 1. The most productive country, institution and author were the USA (2926 publications), the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (219 publications), and Sherene Loi (28 publications), respectively. There has been a rapid growth in studies on immunotherapy for breast cancer worldwide. This research area has gained increasing attention from different countries and institutions. With the rising incidence of breast cancer, immunotherapy represents a research field of significant clinical value and potential.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/terapia , Bibliometria , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Instalações de Saúde , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
JAMA ; 331(13): 1135-1144, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563834

RESUMO

Importance: The association of tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) abundance in breast cancer tissue with cancer recurrence and death in patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) who are not treated with adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy is unclear. Objective: To study the association of TIL abundance in breast cancer tissue with survival among patients with early-stage TNBC who were treated with locoregional therapy but no chemotherapy. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective pooled analysis of individual patient-level data from 13 participating centers in North America (Rochester, Minnesota; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada), Europe (Paris, Lyon, and Villejuif, France; Amsterdam and Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Milan, Padova, and Genova, Italy; Gothenburg, Sweden), and Asia (Tokyo, Japan; Seoul, Korea), including 1966 participants diagnosed with TNBC between 1979 and 2017 (with follow-up until September 27, 2021) who received treatment with surgery with or without radiotherapy but no adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Exposure: TIL abundance in breast tissue from resected primary tumors. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was invasive disease-free survival [iDFS]. Secondary outcomes were recurrence-free survival [RFS], survival free of distant recurrence [distant RFS, DRFS], and overall survival. Associations were assessed using a multivariable Cox model stratified by participating center. Results: This study included 1966 patients with TNBC (median age, 56 years [IQR, 39-71]; 55% had stage I TNBC). The median TIL level was 15% (IQR, 5%-40%). Four-hundred seventeen (21%) had a TIL level of 50% or more (median age, 41 years [IQR, 36-63]), and 1300 (66%) had a TIL level of less than 30% (median age, 59 years [IQR, 41-72]). Five-year DRFS for stage I TNBC was 94% (95% CI, 91%-96%) for patients with a TIL level of 50% or more, compared with 78% (95% CI, 75%-80%) for those with a TIL level of less than 30%; 5-year overall survival was 95% (95% CI, 92%-97%) for patients with a TIL level of 50% or more, compared with 82% (95% CI, 79%-84%) for those with a TIL level of less than 30%. At a median follow-up of 18 years, and after adjusting for age, tumor size, nodal status, histological grade, and receipt of radiotherapy, each 10% higher TIL increment was associated independently with improved iDFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.92 [0.89-0.94]), RFS (HR, 0.90 [0.87-0.92]), DRFS (HR, 0.87 [0.84-0.90]), and overall survival (0.88 [0.85-0.91]) (likelihood ratio test, P < 10e-6). Conclusions and Relevance: In patients with early-stage TNBC who did not undergo adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy, breast cancer tissue with a higher abundance of TIL levels was associated with significantly better survival. These results suggest that breast tissue TIL abundance is a prognostic factor for patients with early-stage TNBC.


Assuntos
Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Adulto , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Colúmbia Britânica , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/imunologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/terapia
3.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 43(1): 102, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of cholesterol metabolism is associated with the metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) is widely recognized for its pivotal role in regulating cholesterol efflux and maintaining cellular cholesterol homeostasis. However, further exploration is needed to determine whether it inhibits TNBC metastasis by affecting cholesterol metabolism. Additionally, it is necessary to investigate whether ApoA1-based oncolytic virus therapy can be used to treat TNBC. METHODS: In vitro experiments and mouse breast cancer models were utilized to evaluate the molecular mechanism of ApoA1 in regulating cholesterol efflux and inhibiting breast cancer progression and metastasis. The gene encoding ApoA1 was inserted into the adenovirus genome to construct a recombinant adenovirus (ADV-ApoA1). Subsequently, the efficacy of ADV-ApoA1 in inhibiting the growth and metastasis of TNBC was evaluated in several mouse models, including orthotopic breast cancer, spontaneous breast cancer, and human xenografts. In addition, a comprehensive safety assessment of Syrian hamsters and rhesus monkeys injected with oncolytic adenovirus was conducted. RESULTS: This study found that dysregulation of cholesterol homeostasis is critical for the progression and metastasis of TNBC. In a mouse orthotopic model of TNBC, a high-cholesterol diet promoted lung and liver metastasis, which was associated with keratin 14 (KRT14), a protein responsible for TNBC metastasis. Furthermore, studies have shown that ApoA1, a cholesterol reverse transporter, inhibits TNBC metastasis by regulating the cholesterol/IKBKB/FOXO3a/KRT14 axis. Moreover, ADV-ApoA1 was found to promote cholesterol efflux, inhibit tumor growth, reduce lung metastasis, and prolonged the survival of mice with TNBC. Importantly, high doses of ADV-ApoA1 administered intravenously and subcutaneously were well tolerated in rhesus monkeys and Syrian hamsters. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides a promising oncolytic virus treatment strategy for TNBC based on targeting dysregulated cholesterol metabolism. It also establishes a basis for subsequent clinical trials of ADV-ApoA1 in the treatment of TNBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Cricetinae , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/terapia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Adenoviridae/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Apolipoproteína A-I/genética , Macaca mulatta , Mesocricetus , Colesterol
4.
FASEB J ; 38(7): e23582, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568853

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) stands as a prominent contributor to global cancer-related mortality, with an increasing incidence annually. This study aims to investigate AGRN gene expression in BC, as well as explore its influence on the tumor immune microenvironment. AGRN displayed a pronounced upregulation in BC tissues relative to paracancerous tissues. Single-cell RNA analysis highlighted AGRN-specific elevation within cancer cell clusters and also showed expression expressed in stromal as well as immune cell clusters. AGRN upregulation was positively correlated with clinicopathological stage and negatively correlated with BC prognosis. As revealed by the in vitro experiment, AGRN knockdown effectively hinders BC cells in terms of proliferation, invasion as well as migration. AGRN protein, which may interact with EXT1, LRP4, RAPSN, etc., was primarily distributed in the cell cytoplasm. Notably, immune factors might interact with AGRN in BC, evidenced by its discernible associations with immunofactors like IL10, CD274, and PVRL2. Mass spectrometry and immunohistochemistry revealed that the reduction of AGRN led to an increase in CD8+ T cells with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Mechanistically, the connection between TRIM7 and PD-L1 is improved by AGRN, acting as a scaffold, thereby facilitating the accelerated degradation of PD-L1 by TRIM7. Downregulation of AGRN inhibits BC progression and increases CD8+ T cell recruitment. Targeting AGRN may contribute to BC treatment. The biomarker AGRN, serving as a therapeutic target for BC, emerges as a prospective avenue for enhancing both diagnosis and prognosis in BC cases.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1 , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Microambiente Tumoral , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
5.
Sci Adv ; 10(14): eadj7540, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579004

RESUMO

Fewer than 20% of triple-negative breast cancer patients experience long-term responses to mainstay chemotherapy. Resistant tumor subpopulations use alternative metabolic pathways to escape therapy, survive, and eventually recur. Here, we show in vivo, longitudinal metabolic reprogramming in residual disease and recurrence of triple-negative breast cancer xenografts with varying sensitivities to the chemotherapeutic drug paclitaxel. Optical imaging coupled with metabolomics reported an increase in non-glucose-driven mitochondrial metabolism and an increase in intratumoral metabolic heterogeneity during regression and residual disease in resistant MDA-MB-231 tumors. Conversely, sensitive HCC-1806 tumors were primarily reliant on glucose uptake and minimal changes in metabolism or heterogeneity were observed over the tumors' therapeutic life cycles. Further, day-matched resistant HCC-1806 tumors revealed a higher reliance on mitochondrial metabolism and elevated metabolic heterogeneity compared to sensitive HCC-1806 tumors. Together, metabolic flexibility, increased reliance on mitochondrial metabolism, and increased metabolic heterogeneity are defining characteristics of persistent residual disease, features that will inform the appropriate type and timing of therapies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Imagem Óptica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
6.
Sci Adv ; 10(14): eadj4009, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569025

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the deadliest subtype of breast cancer owing to the lack of effective therapeutic targets. Splicing factor 3a subunit 2 (SF3A2), a poorly defined splicing factor, was notably elevated in TNBC tissues and promoted TNBC progression, as confirmed by cell proliferation, colony formation, transwell migration, and invasion assays. Mechanistic investigations revealed that E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase UBR5 promoted the ubiquitination-dependent degradation of SF3A2, which in turn regulated UBR5, thus forming a feedback loop to balance these two oncoproteins. Moreover, SF3A2 accelerated TNBC progression by, at least in part, specifically regulating the alternative splicing of makorin ring finger protein 1 (MKRN1) and promoting the expression of the dominant and oncogenic isoform, MKRN1-T1. Furthermore, SF3A2 participated in the regulation of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis, leading to cisplatin resistance in TNBC cells. Collectively, these findings reveal a previously unknown role of SF3A2 in TNBC progression and cisplatin resistance, highlighting SF3A2 as a potential therapeutic target for patients with TNBC.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Processamento Alternativo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/genética , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/metabolismo
7.
Syst Rev ; 13(1): 100, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer incidence has been on the rise significantly in the Asian population, occurring at an earlier age and a later stage. The potential predictive value of molecular subtypes, biomarkers, and genetic variations has not been deeply explored in the Asian population. This study evaluated the effect of molecular subtype classification and the presence or absence of biomarkers and genetic variations on pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant treatment in Asian breast cancer patients. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE (PubMed), Science Direct, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases. Studies were selected if they included Asian breast cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and contained data for qualitative or quantitative analyses. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale. Following the random effects model, pooled odds ratios or hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals for pCR were analysed using Review Manager Software. Heterogeneity between studies was assessed using Cochran's Q-test and I2 test statistics. RESULTS: In total, 19,708 Asian breast cancer patients were pooled from 101 studies. In the neoadjuvant setting, taxane-anthracycline (TA) chemotherapy showed better pCR outcomes in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) (p<0.0001) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 enriched (HER2E) (p<0.0001) than luminal breast cancer patients. Similarly, taxane-platinum (TP) chemotherapy also showed better pCR outcomes in TNBC (p<0.0001) and HER2E (p<0.0001). Oestrogen receptor (ER)-negative, progesterone receptor (PR)-negative, HER2-positive and high Ki-67 were significantly associated with better pCR outcomes when treated with either TA or TP. Asian breast cancer patients harbouring wildtype PIK3CA were significantly associated with better pCR outcomes when treated with TA in the neoadjuvant setting (p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In the neoadjuvant setting, molecular subtypes (HER2E and TNBC), biomarkers (ER, PR, HER2, HR, Ki-67, nm23-H1, CK5/6, and Tau), and gene (PIK3CA) are associated with increased pCR rates in Asian breast cancer patients. Hence, they could be further explored for their possible role in first-line treatment response, which can be utilised to treat breast cancer more efficiently in the Asian population. However, it needs to be further validated with additional powered studies. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42021246295.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/uso terapêutico , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/uso terapêutico , Variação Genética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
8.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 34(4): 400-406, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576280

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) for predicting phenotypic subtypes and Nottingham prognostic index (NPI) of breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of the Study: Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining, Shandong, China, from March 2020 to January 2022. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and forty-one breast cancer patients with preoperative IVIM and DCE imaging were collected. IVIM parameters of D, D*, f, and DCE-MRI parameters of Ktrans, Kep, and Ve were measured. Receiver operating characteristic curves were conducted to assess the diagnostic efficacies. Additionally, 40 patients collected from February 2022 to July 2022 were enrolled as validation cohort. RESULTS: The D value in HER2-enriched (HER2-E) was lower than that in non-HER-E, while D*, Ktrans, and Ve values were higher than that in non-HER-E (p < 0.001, 0.046, < 0.001, and < 0.001, respectively). D + Ktrans + Ve showed an optimal diagnostic efficiency (AUC = 0.868). Meanwhile, D* and f values of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) were higher than those of non-TNBC, and Ve value of TNBC was lower than that of non-TNBC (p = 0.013, 0.006, and < 0.001, respectively). D* + f + Ve showed the best prediction performance (AUC = 0.849). Additionally, D and Kep were independent predictors of NPI (p < 0.001, and 0.002, respectively). D + Kep showed a good diagnostic efficiency (AUC = 0.818). CONCLUSION: The combined IVIM and DCE-MRI model showed enhanced diagnostic efficiency in predicting phenotypic subtypes and NPI of breast cancer, and might thus be considered efficient in therapy decision-making for patients. KEY WORDS: Breast neoplasms, Intravoxel incoherent motion, Dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, Phenotypic subtypes, Nottingham prognostic index.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Prognóstico , Meios de Contraste , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1347762, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567311

RESUMO

Objective: Hormone receptor (HR)-low/HER2-negative breast cancers (BCs) are more likely to be basal-like BCs, with similar molecular features and gene expression profiles to HR-negative (estrogen receptor <1% or negative and progesterone receptor <1% or negative) BCs. Recently, with the clinical application of adjuvant intensive therapy for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), the prognosis of TNBC patients without pathological complete response (pCR) has significantly improved. Therefore, it is necessary to reanalyse the prognostic characteristics of clinically high-risk HR-low/HER2-negative BC. Methods: According to the inclusion and exclusion standards, 288 patients with HR-low/HER2-negative BC and TNBC who received NAC and were followed up between 2015 and 2022 at three breast centres in Hunan Province, China, were enrolled. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was utilized to mitigate imbalances in baseline characteristics between the HR-low/HER2-negative BC group and TNBC group regarding event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS). The primary clinical endpoints were pCR and EFS, while the secondary endpoints included OS, objective response rate (ORR), and clinical benefit rate (CBR). Results: The pCR rate (27.1% vs. 28.0%, P = 1.000), ORR rate (76.9% vs. 78.3%, P = 0.827) and CBR rate (89.7% vs. 96.5%, P = 0.113) after NAC were similar between the HR-low/HER2-negative BC and the TNBC group. EFS in patients with non-pCR from the 2 groups was significantly inferior in comparison to patients with pCR (P = 0.001), and the 3-year EFS was 94.74% (95% CI = 85.21% to 100.00%) and 57.39% (95% CI =43.81% to 75.19%) in patients with pCR and non-pCR from the HR-low/HER2-negative BC group, respectively, and 89.70% (95% CI = 82.20% to 97.90%) and 69.73% (95% CI = 62.51% to 77.77%) in the TNBC patients with pCR and non-pCR, respectively. Conclusions: In the real world, the therapeutic effects of NAC for HR-low/HER2-negative BCs and TNBCs were similar. EFS of patients with non-pCR in the HR-low/HER2-negative BC group was inferior to that of the TNBC group with non-pCR, suggesting that it is necessary to explore new adjuvant intensive therapy strategies for these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Prognóstico , Estudos de Coortes , China
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8241, 2024 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589452

RESUMO

Female breast cancer is the most diagnosed cancer worldwide. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive type and there is no existing endocrine or targeted therapy. Modulated electro-hyperthermia (mEHT) is a non-invasive complementary cancer therapy using an electromagnetic field generated by amplitude modulated 13.56 MHz frequency that induces tumor cell destruction. However, we have demonstrated a strong induction of the heat shock response (HSR) by mEHT, which can result in thermotolerance. We hypothesized that inhibition of the heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) can synergize with mEHT and enhance tumor cell-killing. Thus, we either knocked down the HSF1 gene with a CRISPR/Cas9 lentiviral construct or inhibited HSF1 with a specific small molecule inhibitor: KRIBB11 in vivo. Wild type or HSF1-knockdown 4T1 TNBC cells were inoculated into the mammary gland's fat pad of BALB/c mice. Four mEHT treatments were performed every second day and the tumor growth was followed by ultrasound and caliper. KRIBB11 was administrated intraperitoneally at 50 mg/kg daily for 8 days. HSF1 and Hsp70 expression were assessed. HSF1 knockdown sensitized transduced cancer cells to mEHT and reduced tumor growth. HSF1 mRNA expression was significantly reduced in the KO group when compared to the empty vector group, and consequently mEHT-induced Hsp70 mRNA upregulation diminished in the KO group. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) confirmed the inhibition of Hsp70 upregulation in mEHT HSF1-KO group. Demonstrating the translational potential of HSF1 inhibition, combined therapy of mEHT with KRIBB11 significantly reduced tumor mass compared to either monotherapy. Inhibition of Hsp70 upregulation by mEHT was also supported by qPCR and IHC. In conclusion, we suggest that mEHT-therapy combined with HSF1 inhibition can be a possible new strategy of TNBC treatment with great translational potential.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas , Hipertermia Induzida , Indazóis , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Feminino , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , RNA Mensageiro , Fatores de Transcrição de Choque Térmico/genética
11.
J Proteome Res ; 23(4): 1495-1505, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576392

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is known for its aggressive nature, and TNBC management is currently challenging due to the lack of effective targets. Despite the importance of histone post-translational modifications (hPTMs) in breast cancer, their associations with molecular subtypes of breast cancer, especially TNBC, are poorly understood. In this study, a combination of untargeted and targeted proteomics approaches, supplemented by a derivatization method, was applied to breast cancer cells and tissue samples. Untargeted proteomics of eight breast cancer cell lines belonging to different molecular subtypes revealed 36 modified peptides with 12 lysine modification sites in histone H3, and the most frequently reported top 5 histone H3 methylation and acetylation sites were covered. Then, targeted proteomics was carried out to quantify the total 20 target hPTMs at the covered modification sites (i.e., mono-, di-, trimethylation, and acetylation for each site), indicating the difficulty in distinguishing TNBC cells from normal cells. Subsequently, the analysis in TNBC patients revealed significant expression differences in 4 specific hPTMs (H3K14ac, H3K27me1, H3K36me2, and H3K36me3) between TNBC and adjacent normal tissue samples. These unique hPTM patterns allowed for the differentiation of TNBC from normal cases. This finding provides promising implications for advancing targeted treatment strategies for TNBC in the future.


Assuntos
Histonas , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Histonas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Espectrometria de Massas , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional
12.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 440, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a life-threatening subtype of breast cancer with limited treatment options. Therefore, this network meta-analysis (NMA) aimed to evaluate and compare the effect of various neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) options on the long-term survival of patients with TNBC. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and major international conference databases were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of various NCT options in patients with TNBC. Searches were performed from January 2000 to June 2023. Study heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistic. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs were used to evaluate the pathologic complete response (pCR). The primary outcome was DFS. RESULTS: We conducted an NMA of 21 RCTs involving 8873 patients with TNBC. Our study defined the combination of anthracyclines and taxanes as the preferred treatment option. On this basis, the addition of any of the following new drugs is considered a new treatment option: bevacizumab (B), platinum (P), poly-ADP-ribose polymerase inhibitors (PARPi), and immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI). Based on the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) values, the top three SUCRA area values of DFS were taxanes, anthracycline, and cyclophosphamide (TAC; 89.23%); CT (84.53%); and B (81.06%). The top three SUCRA area values of OS were CT (83.70%), TAC (62.02%), and B-containing regimens (60.06%). The top three SUCRA area values of pCR were B + P-containing regimens (82.7%), ICI + P-containing regimens (80.2%), and ICI-containing regimens (61.8%). CONCLUSIONS: This NMA showed that standard chemotherapy is a good choice with respect to long-term survival. Moreover, B associated with P-containing regimens is likely to be the optimal treatment option for neoadjuvant TNBC in terms of pCR.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Metanálise em Rede , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antraciclinas/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico
13.
Breast Cancer Res ; 26(1): 60, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) play key roles in ribosome biosynthesis. However, the mechanism by which snoRNAs regulate cancer stemness remains to be fully elucidated. METHODS: SNORA68 expression was evaluated in breast cancer tissues by in situ hybridization and qRT‒PCR. Proliferation, migration, apoptosis and stemness analyses were used to determine the role of SNORA68 in carcinogenesis and stemness maintenance. Mechanistically, RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), cell fractionation and coimmunoprecipitation assays were conducted. RESULTS: SNORA68 exhibited high expression in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and was significantly correlated with tumor size (P = 0.048), ki-67 level (P = 0.037), and TNM stage (P = 0.015). The plasma SNORA68 concentration was significantly lower in patients who achieved clinical benefit. The SNORA68-high patients had significantly shorter disease-free survival (DFS) (P = 0.036). Functionally, SNORA68 was found to promote the cell stemness and carcinogenesis of TNBC in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, elevated SNORA68 expression led to increased nucleolar RPL23 expression and retained RPL23 in the nucleolus by binding U2AF2. RPL23 in the nucleolus subsequently upregulated c-Myc expression. This pathway was validated using a xenograft model. CONCLUSION: U2AF2-SNORA68 promotes TNBC stemness by retaining RPL23 in the nucleolus and increasing c-Myc expression, which provides new insight into the regulatory mechanism of stemness.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , RNA , Núcleo Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Carcinogênese/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Fator de Processamento U2AF/genética
14.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 46(0): 1-11, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527739

RESUMO

Breast cancer ranks as the most common female malignancy worldwide. Data from GLOBOCAN 2020 showed that breast cancer surpassed lung cancer and become the leading malignancy globally which was a serious threat to women's health. Different from Caucasian, there is a lower prevalence of breast cancer in Chinese women. But the age-standardized incidence rate of breast cancer in China has reached to 39.1 per 100,000 in 2020, with 416,000 new cases, accounting for 18.4% of global breast cancer burden, due to multiple factors such as lifestyle and dietary habits changes in recent years[1]. The treatment and prevention of breast cancer are becoming increasingly a tuff task. In addition, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype with higher malignancy and worse prognosis. Due to lack of specific therapeutic targets, less treatment progress has been made in recent years. There is even less progress in the therapy of advanced TNBC, but huge unmet needs exist for further therapeutic optimization. Echoing advocacy from The Society of Breast Cancer China Anti-Cancer Association; International Medical Exchange Society, Chinese Anti-Cancer Association; Breast Cancer Group, Branch of Oncologist, Chinese Medical Doctor Association, top experts from multidisciplinary departments of breast cancer in China have consensus on this "Guidelines for Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment of Advanced Triple-Negative Breast Cancer in China (2024 Edition)" according to the latest evidence based updates. We hope this pater can guide or optimize the precise therapeutic decision-making for advanced triple-negative breast cancer in China.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/terapia , Prognóstico , Consenso , China/epidemiologia
15.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 29(3): 99, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538285

RESUMO

Altered metabolism represents a fundamental difference between cancer cells and normal cells. Cancer cells have a unique ability to reprogram their metabolism by deviating their reliance from primarily oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) to glycolysis, in order to support their survival. This metabolic phenotype is referred to as the "Warburg effect" and is associated with an increase in glucose uptake, and a diversion of glycolytic intermediates to alternative pathways that support anabolic processes. These processes include synthesis of nucleic acids, lipids, and proteins, necessary for the rapidly dividing cancer cells, sustaining their growth, proliferation, and capacity for successful metastasis. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is one of the most aggressive subtypes of breast cancer, with the poorest patient outcome due to its high rate of metastasis. TNBC is characterized by elevated glycolysis and in certain instances, low OXPHOS. This metabolic dysregulation is linked to chemotherapeutic resistance in TNBC research models and patient samples. There is more than a single mechanism by which this metabolic switch occurs and here, we review the current knowledge of relevant molecular mechanisms involved in advanced breast cancer metabolism, focusing on TNBC. These mechanisms include the Warburg effect, glycolytic adaptations, microRNA regulation, mitochondrial involvement, mitochondrial calcium signaling, and a more recent player in metabolic regulation, JAK/STAT signaling. In addition, we explore some of the drugs and compounds targeting cancer metabolic reprogramming. Research on these mechanisms is highly promising and could ultimately offer new opportunities for the development of innovative therapies to treat advanced breast cancer characterized by dysregulated metabolism.


Assuntos
Fosforilação Oxidativa , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Cálcio/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Glicólise/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
16.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 10(4): 2299-2323, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551335

RESUMO

Over the past few decades, there has been significant interest in smart drug delivery systems capable of carrying multiple drugs efficiently, particularly for treating genetic diseases such as cancer. Despite the development of various drug delivery systems, a safe and effective method for delivering both anticancer drugs and therapeutic genes for cancer therapy remains elusive. In this study, we describe the synthesis of a photoswitchable smart polymeric vehicle comprising a photoswitchable spiropyran moiety and an amino-acid-based cationic monomer-based block copolymer using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. This system aims at diagnosing triple-negative breast cancer and subsequently delivering genes and anticancer agents. Triple-negative breast cancer patients have elevated concentrations of Cu2+ ions, making them excellent targets for diagnosis. The polymer can detect Cu2+ ions with a low limit of detection value of 9.06 nM. In vitro studies on doxorubicin drug release demonstrated sustained delivery at acidic pH level similar to the tumor environment. Furthermore, the polymer exhibited excellent blood compatibility even at the concentration as high as 500 µg/mL. Additionally, it displayed a high transfection efficiency of approximately 82 ± 5% in MDA-MB-231 triple-negative breast cancer cells at an N/P ratio of 50:1. It is observed that mitochondrial membrane depolarization and intracellular reactive oxygen species generation are responsible for apoptosis and the higher number of apoptotic cells, which occurred through the arrest of the G2/M phase of the cell cycle were observed. Therefore, the synthesized light-responsive cationic polymer may be an effective system for diagnosis, with an efficient anticancer drug and gene carrier for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer in the future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Polímeros , Íons
17.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2691, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538574

RESUMO

Chemotherapy and immune checkpoint inhibitors have a role in the post-neoadjuvant setting in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, the effects of nivolumab, a checkpoint inhibitor, capecitabine, or the combination in changing peripheral immunoscore (PIS) remains unclear. This open-label randomized phase II OXEL study (NCT03487666) aimed to assess the immunologic effects of nivolumab, capecitabine, or the combination in terms of the change in PIS (primary endpoint). Secondary endpoints included the presence of ctDNA, toxicity, clinical outcomes at 2-years and association of ctDNA and PIS with clinical outcomes. Forty-five women with TNBC and residual invasive disease after standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy were randomized to nivolumab, capecitabine, or the combination. Here we show that a combination of nivolumab plus capecitabine leads to a greater increase in PIS from baseline to week 6 (91%) compared with nivolumab (47%) or capecitabine (53%) alone (log-rank p = 0.08), meeting the pre-specified primary endpoint. In addition, the presence of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is associated with disease recurrence, with no new safety signals in the combination arm. Our results provide efficacy and safety data on this combination in TNBC and support further development of PIS and ctDNA analyses to identify patients at high risk of recurrence.


Assuntos
Nivolumabe , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Feminino , Capecitabina/efeitos adversos , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(6)2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542225

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a growing disease, with a high worldwide incidence and mortality rate among women. Among the various types, the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) remains a challenge. Considering the recent advances in cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) cancer research, our goal was to evaluate efficacy data from studies based on chemotherapy and CAP in TNBC cell lines and animal models. A search of the literature was carried out in the PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases. Of the 10,999 studies, there were fifty-four in vitro studies, three in vivo studies, and two in vitro and in vivo studies included. MDA-MB-231 cells were the most used. MTT, MTS, SRB, annexin-V/propidium iodide, trypan blue, and clonogenic assay were performed to assess efficacy in vitro, increasing the reliability and comprehensiveness of the data. There was found to be a decrease in cell proliferation after both chemotherapy and CAP; however, different protocol settings, including an extensive range of drug doses and CAP exposure times, were reported. For both therapies, a considerable reduction in tumor volume was observed in vivo compared with that of the untreated group. The treatment of TNBC cell lines with CAP proved successful, with apoptosis emerging as the predominant type of cellular death. This systematic review presents a comprehensive overview of the treatment landscape in chemotherapy and CAP regarding their efficacy in TNBC cell lines.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
19.
Breast Cancer Res ; 26(1): 55, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer-related leptomeningeal disease (BC-LMD) is a dire diagnosis for 5-8% of patients with breast cancer (BC). We conducted a retrospective review of BC-LMD patients diagnosed at Moffitt Cancer Center from 2011 to 2020, to determine the changing incidence of BC-LMD, factors which are associated with the progression of BC CNS metastasis to BC-LMD, and factors which are associated with OS for patients with BC-LMD. METHODS: Patients with BC and brain/spinal metastatic disease were identified. For those who eventually developed BC-LMD, we used Kaplan-Meier survival curve, log-rank test, univariable, and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model to identify factors affecting time from CNS metastasis to BC-LMD and OS. RESULTS: 128 cases of BC-LMD were identified. The proportion of BC-LMD to total BC patients was higher between 2016 and 2020 when compared to 2011-2015. Patients with HR+ or HER2 + BC experienced longer times between CNS metastasis and LMD than patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Systemic therapy and whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) was associated with prolonged progression to LMD in all patients. Hormone therapy in patients with HR + BC were associated with a delayed BC-CNS metastasis to LMD progression. Lapatinib treatment was associated with a delayed progression to LMD in patients with HER2 + BC. Patients with TNBC-LMD had shorter OS compared to those with HR + and HER2 + BC-LMD. Systemic therapy, intrathecal (IT) therapy, and WBRT was associated with prolonged survival for all patients. Lapatinib and trastuzumab therapy was associated with improved OS in patients with HER2 + BC-LMD. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing rates of BC-LMD provide treatment challenges and opportunities for clinical trials. Prospective trials testing lapatinib and/or similar tyrosine kinase inhibitors, IT therapies, and combination treatments are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Doenças Mamárias , Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Lapatinib , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Irradiação Craniana , Doenças Mamárias/complicações , Receptor ErbB-2
20.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(4): 167114, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447883

RESUMO

AIMS: Exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 1 (EPAC1), a major isoform of guanine nucleotide exchange factors, is highly expressed in vascular endothelia cells and regulates angiogenesis in the retina. High intratumor microvascular densities (MVD) resulting from angiogenesis is responsible for breast cancer development. Downregulation of EPAC1 in tumor cell reduces triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC)-induced angiogenesis. However, whether Epac1 expressed in vascular endothelial cells contributes to angiogenesis and tumor development of TNBC remains elusive. MAIN METHODS: We employed NY0123, a previously identified potent EPAC inhibitor, to explore the anti-angiogenic biological role of EPAC1 in vitro and in vivo through vascular endothelial cells, rat aortic ring, Matrigel plug, and chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) and yolk sac membrane (YSM) assays, as well as the in vivo xenograft tumor models of TNBC in both chick embryo and mice. KEY FINDINGS: Inhibiting EPAC1 in vascular endothelial cells by NY0123 significantly suppresses angiogenesis and tumor growth of TNBC. In addition, NY0123 possesses a better inhibitory efficacy than ESI-09, a reported specific EPAC inhibitor tool compound. Importantly, inhibiting EPAC1 in vascular endothelia cells regulates the typical angiogenic signaling network, which is associated with not only vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) signaling, but also PI3K/AKT, MEK/ERK and Notch pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support that EPAC1 may serve as an effective anti-angiogenic therapeutic target of TNBC, and EPAC inhibitor NY0123 has the therapeutic potential to be developed for the treatment of TNBC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Humanos , Embrião de Galinha , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Fatores de Troca do Nucleotídeo Guanina/metabolismo
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