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1.
Iran J Med Sci ; 49(1): 22-29, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322163

RESUMO

Background: Surgical treatment of recurrent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) negatively affects patients' quality of life (QoL). Determination of risk factors is essential when considering a surgical approach. The present study aimed to evaluate short-term and long-term outcomes of primary laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) and open Nissen fundoplication (ONF), as well as the risks of laparoscopic redo fundoplication. Methods: A retrospective cohort observational study was conducted from 2010 to 2021 at the National Research Center of Surgery (Almaty, Kazakhstan). Depending on the type of primary GERD surgical correction, 475 patients were stratified into two groups, namely LNF (n=117) and ONF (n=358). The outcomes and associated complications of LNF and ONF surgeries were assessed. The odds ratio of recurrent GERD in terms of risk factors was analyzed as well as post-intervention QoL. Results: Postoperative complications in ONF surgery were 2.7-fold higher than in LNF (P=0.0001). Moreover, intra-operative complications were higher with ONF surgery (7.7%) than with LNF (1.4%) (P=0.002). In cases with persistent clinical manifestations, the rate of redo fundoplication was the same after failed primary LNF and ONF. The risk factors associated with recurrent GERD, leading to redo fundoplication, were obesity (OR=2.16, P=0.473) and male sex (OR=3.0, P=0.272). One-year after LNF, 88.7% of the patients were satisfied with the outcome of the surgery. Conclusion: Recurrent symptoms of GERD and the rate of redo fundoplication were associated with obesity and the male sex. Obesity was the main risk factor, necessitating stringent selection of patients for surgical management of the disease.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Fundoplicatura/efeitos adversos , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/etiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/cirurgia , Cazaquistão , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2699, 2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302523

RESUMO

The increasing prevalence of bariatric surgery has resulted in a rise in the number of redo procedures as well. While redo bariatric surgery has demonstrated its effectiveness, there is still a subset of patients who may not derive any benefits from it. This poses a significant challenge for bariatric surgeons, especially when there is a lack of clear guidelines. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent Re-Redo bariatric surgery. We conducted a retrospective cohort study on a group of 799 patients who underwent redo bariatric surgery between 2010 and 2020. Among these patients, 20 individuals underwent a second elective redo bariatric surgery (Re-Redo) because of weight regain (15 patients) or insufficient weight loss, i.e. < 50% EWL (5 patients). Mean BMI before Re-Redo surgery was 38.8 ± 4.9 kg/m2. Mean age was 44.4 ± 11.5 years old. The mean %TWL before and after Re-Redo was 17.4 ± 12.4% and %EBMIL was 51.6 ± 35.9%. 13/20 patients (65%) achieved > 50% EWL. The mean final %TWL was 34.2 ± 11.1% and final %EBMIL was 72.1 ± 20.8%. The mean BMI after treatment was 31.9 ± 5.3 kg/m2. Complications occurred in 3 of 20 patients (15%), with no reported mortality or need for another surgical intervention. The mean follow-up after Re-Redo was 35.3 months. Although Re-Redo bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obesity, it carries a significant risk of complications.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Derivação Gástrica , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Polônia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Reoperação , Gastrectomia/métodos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos
4.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 83(6): 637-648, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity represents a major obstacle for controlling hypertension, the leading risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the long-term effects of bariatric surgery on hypertension control and remission. METHODS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with subjects with obesity grade 1 or 2 plus hypertension using at least 2 medications. We excluded subjects with previous cardiovascular events and poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. Subjects were assigned to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) combined with medical therapy (MT) or MT alone. We reassessed the original primary outcome (reduction of at least 30% of the total antihypertensive medications while maintaining blood pressure levels <140/90 mm Hg) at 5 years. The main analysis followed the intention-to-treat principle. RESULTS: A total of 100 subjects were included (76% women, age 43.8 ± 9.2 years, body mass index: 36.9 ± 2.7 kg/m2). At 5 years, body mass index was 36.40 kg/m2 (95% CI: 35.28-37.52 kg/m2) for MT and 28.01 kg/m2 (95% CI: 26.95-29.08 kg/m2) for RYGB (P < 0.001). Compared with MT, RYGB promoted a significantly higher rate of number of medications reduction (80.7% vs 13.7%; relative risk: 5.91; 95% CI: 2.58-13.52; P < 0.001) and the mean number of antihypertensive medications was 2.97 (95% CI: 2.33-3.60) for MT and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.51-1.09) for RYGB (P < 0.001). The rates of hypertension remission were 2.4% vs 46.9% (relative risk: 19.66; 95% CI: 2.74-141.09; P < 0.001). Sensitivity analysis considering only completed cases revealed consistent results. Interestingly, the rate of apparent resistant hypertension was lower after RYGB (0% vs 15.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Bariatric surgery represents an effective and durable strategy to control hypertension and related polypharmacy in subjects with obesity. (GAstric bypass to Treat obEse Patients With steAdy hYpertension [GATEWAY]; NCT01784848).


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Derivação Gástrica , Hipertensão , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Pressão Sanguínea , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia , Derivação Gástrica/efeitos adversos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia
5.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1338147, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375198

RESUMO

Background: The obesity epidemic has been on the rise due to changes in living standards and lifestyles. To combat this issue, sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has emerged as a prominent bariatric surgery technique, offering substantial weight reduction. Nevertheless, the mechanisms that underlie SG-related bodyweight loss are not fully understood. Methods: In this study, we conducted a collection of preoperative and 3-month postoperative serum and fecal samples from patients who underwent laparoscopic SG at the First Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University (Jinan, China). Here, we took an unbiased approach of multi-omics to investigate the role of SG-altered gut microbiota in anti-obesity of these patients. Non-target metabolome sequencing was performed using the fecal and serum samples. Results: Our data show that SG markedly increased microbiota diversity and Rikenellaceae, Alistipes, Parabacteroides, Bactreoidales, and Enterobacteraies robustly increased. These compositional changes were positively correlated with lipid metabolites, including sphingolipids, glycerophospholipids, and unsaturated fatty acids. Increases of Rikenellaceae, Alistipes, and Parabacteroide were reversely correlated with body mass index (BMI). Conclusion: In conclusion, our findings provide evidence that SG induces significant alterations in the abundances of Rikenellaceae, Alistipes, Parabacteroides, and Bacteroidales, as well as changes in lipid metabolism-related metabolites. Importantly, these changes were found to be closely linked to the alleviation of obesity. On the basis of these findings, we have identified a number of microbiotas that could be potential targets for treatment of obesity.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Obesidade/cirurgia , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Gastrectomia/métodos
6.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 210, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the perioperative care of individuals with obesity, it is imperative to consider the presence of risk factors that may predispose them to complications. Providing optimal care in such cases proves to be a multifaceted challenge, significantly distinct from the care required for non-obese patients. However, patients with morbidities regarded as self-inflicted, such as obesity, described feelings of being judged and discriminated in healthcare. At the same time, healthcare personnel express difficulties in acting in an appropriate and non-insulting way. In this study, the aim was to analyse how registered nurse anaesthetists positioned themselves regarding obese patients in perioperative care. METHODS: We used discursive psychology to analyse how registered nurse anaesthetists positioned themselves toward obese patients in perioperative care, while striving to provide equitable care. The empirical material was drawn from interviews with 15 registered nurse anaesthetists working in a hospital in northern Sweden. RESULTS: Obese patients were described as "untypical", and more "resource-demanding" than for the "normal" patient in perioperative care. This created conflicting feelings, and generated frustration directed toward the patients when the care demanded extra work that had not been accounted for in the schedules created by the organization and managers. CONCLUSIONS: Although the intention of these registered nurse anaesthetists was to offer all patients equitable care, the organization did not always provide the necessary resources. This contributed to the registered nurse anaesthetists either consciously or unconsciously blaming patients who deviated from the "norm".


Assuntos
Enfermeiras Anestesistas , Assistência Perioperatória , Humanos , Enfermeiras Anestesistas/psicologia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Suécia
7.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(2): e2355380, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334996

RESUMO

Importance: Weight loss induced by bariatric surgery (BS) is associated with improved cognition and changed brain structure; however, previous studies on the association have used small cohorts and short follow-up periods, making it difficult to determine long-term neurological outcomes associated with BS. Objective: To investigate long-term associations of weight loss after BS with cognition and brain structure and perfusion. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included participants from the Bariatric Surgery Rijnstate and Radboudumc Neuroimaging and Cognition in Obesity study. Data from participants with severe obesity (body mass index [BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared] >40, or BMI >35 with comorbidities) eligible for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and aged 35 to 55 years were enrolled from a hospital specialized in BS (Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem, the Netherlands). Participants were recruited between September 2018 and December 2020 with follow-up till March 2023. Data were collected before BS and at 6 and 24 months after BS. Data were analyzed from March to November 2023. Exposure: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcomes included body weight, BMI, waist circumference, blood pressure, medication use, cognitive performance (20% change index of compound z-score), brain volumes, cortical thickness, cerebral blood flow (CBF), and spatial coefficient of variation (sCOV). Secondary outcomes include cytokines, adipokines, depressive symptoms (assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory), and physical activity (assessed using the Baecke Questionnaire). Results: A total of 133 participants (mean [SD] age, 46.8 [5.7] years; 112 [84.2%] female) were included. Global cognition was at least 20% higher in 52 participants (42.9%) at 24 months after BS. Compared with baseline, at 24 months, inflammatory markers were lower (mean [SD] high-sensitivity C-reactive protein: 4.77 [5.80] µg/mL vs 0.80 [1.09] µg/mL; P < .001), fewer patients used antihypertensives (48 patients [36.1%] vs 22 patients [16.7%]), and patients had lower depressive symptoms (median [IQR] BDI score: 9.0 [5.0-13.0] vs 3.0 [1.0-6.0]; P < .001) and greater physical activity (mean [SD] Baecke score: 7.64 [1.29] vs 8.19 [1.35]; P < .001). After BS, brain structure and perfusion were lower in most brain regions, while hippocampal and white matter volume remained stable. CBF and sCOV did not change in nucleus accumbens and parietal cortex. The temporal cortex showed a greater thickness (mean [SD] thickness: 2.724 [0.101] mm vs 2.761 [0.007] mm; P = .007) and lower sCOV (median [IQR] sCOV: 4.41% [3.83%-5.18%] vs 3.97% [3.71%-4.59%]; P = .02) after BS. Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that BS was associated with health benefits 2 years after surgery. BS was associated with improved cognition and general health and changed blood vessel efficiency and cortical thickness of the temporal cortex. These results may improve treatment options for patients with obesity and dementia.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Estudos de Coortes , Obesidade/cirurgia , Obesidade/complicações , Cognição , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Redução de Peso
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3445, 2024 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341469

RESUMO

Metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) is widely considered the most effective option for treating obesity, a chronic, relapsing, and progressive disease. Recently, the American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) and the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) issued new guidelines on the indications for MBS, which have superseded the previous 1991 National Institutes of Health guidelines. The aim of this study is to establish the first set of consensus guidelines for selecting procedures in Class I and II obesity, using an Expert Modified Delphi Method. In this study, 78 experienced bariatric surgeons from 32 countries participated in a two-round Modified Delphi consensus voting process. The threshold for consensus was set at an agreement or disagreement of ≥ 70.0% among the experts. The experts reached a consensus on 54 statements. The committee of experts reached a consensus that MBS is a cost-effective treatment option for Class II obesity and for patients with Class I obesity who have not achieved significant weight loss through non-surgical methods. MBS was also considered suitable for patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or higher. The committee identified intra-gastric balloon (IGB) as a treatment option for patients with class I obesity and endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) as an option for patients with class I and II obesity, as well as for patients with T2DM and a BMI of ≥ 30 kg/m2. Sleeve gastrectomy (1) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) were also recognized as viable treatment options for these patient groups. The committee also agreed that one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) is a suitable option for patients with Class II obesity and T2DM, regardless of the presence or severity of obesity-related medical problems. The recommendations for selecting procedures in Class I and II obesity, developed through an Expert Modified Delphi Consensus, suggest that the use of standard primary bariatric endoscopic (IGB, ESG) and surgical procedures (SG, RYGB, OAGB) are acceptable in these patient groups, as consensus was reached regarding these procedures. However, randomized controlled trials are still needed in Class I and II Obesity to identify the best treatment approach for these patients in the future.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Derivação Gástrica , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Técnica Delfos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Gastrectomia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Health Technol Assess ; 28(7): 1-115, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38343107

RESUMO

Background: Bariatric surgery is a common procedure worldwide for the treatment of severe obesity and associated comorbid conditions but there is a lack of evidence as to medium-term safety and effectiveness outcomes in a United Kingdom setting. Objective: To establish the clinical outcomes and adverse events of different bariatric surgical procedures, their impact on quality of life and the effect on comorbidities. Design: Prospective observational cohort study. Setting: National Health Service secondary care and private practice in Scotland, United Kingdom. Participants: Adults (age >16 years) undergoing their first bariatric surgery procedure. Main outcome measures: Change in weight, hospital length of stay, readmission and reoperation rate, mortality, diabetes outcomes (HbA1c, medications), quality of life, anxiety, depression. Data sources: Patient-reported outcome measures, hospital records, national electronic health records (Scottish Morbidity Record 01, Scottish Care Information Diabetes, National Records Scotland, Prescription Information System). Results: Between December 2013 and February 2017, 548 eligible patients were approached and 445 participants were enrolled in the study. Of those, 335 had bariatric surgery and 1 withdrew from the study. Mean age was 46.0 (9.2) years, 74.7% were female and the median body mass index was 46.4 (42.4; 52.0) kg/m2. Weight was available for 128 participants at 3 years: mean change was -19.0% (±14.1) from the operation and -24.2% (±12.8) from the start of the preoperative weight-management programme. One hundred and thirty-nine (41.4%) participants were readmitted to hospital in the same or subsequent 35 months post surgery, 18 (5.4% of the operated cohort) had a reoperation or procedure considered to be related to bariatric surgery gastrointestinal complications or revisions. Fewer than five participants (<2%) died during follow-up. HbA1c was available for 93/182 and diabetes medications for 139/182 participants who had type 2 diabetes prior to surgery; HbA1c mean change was -5.72 (±16.71) (p = 0.001) mmol/mol and 65.5% required no diabetes medications (p < 0.001) at 3 years post surgery. Physical quality of life, available for 101/335 participants, improved in the 3 years post surgery, mean change in Rand 12-item Short Form Survey physical component score 8.32 (±8.95) (p < 0.001); however, there was no change in the prevalence of anxiety or depression. Limitations: Due to low numbers of bariatric surgery procedures in Scotland, recruitment was stopped before achieving the intended 2000 participants and follow-up was reduced from 10 years to 3 years. Conclusions: Bariatric surgery is a safe and effective treatment for obesity. Patients in Scotland, UK, appear to be older and have higher body mass than international comparators, which may be due to the small number of procedures performed. Future work: Intervention studies are required to identify the optimal pre- and post surgery pathway to maximise safety and cost-effectiveness. Study registration: This study is registered as ISRCTN47072588. Funding details: This award was funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) Health Technology Assessment programme (NIHR award ref: 10/42/02) and is published in full in Health Technology Assessment; Vol. 28, No. 7. See the NIHR Funding and Awards website for further award information.


Bariatric surgery is performed on the stomach and small bowel to help people living with obesity lose weight. Our research study has looked at who is getting bariatric surgery, if they are having problems afterwards, how much weight they lose and if their medical conditions improve. A total of 444 people who were attending bariatric surgery services in Scotland, UK, agreed to take part and 336 had surgery. One hundred and eighty-nine of them completed a questionnaire before their surgery and 85 of them after 3 years, to tell us about how they were feeling physically and mentally. We looked at their computer hospital records to see how long they spent in hospital, any medical problems and changes to diabetes medicines and tests. One in five people taking part did not have surgery after all; they changed their mind or the hospital teams did not think it would be safe or work well for the patient. Those who had surgery lost 19% of their body weight and those with type 2 diabetes needed less or no medication 3 years after the surgery. The effect of physical symptoms on day-to-day activities improved but mental health did not. Compared to other countries, the people taking part were older, heavier and sicker. They spent longer in hospital after surgery and were more likely to be readmitted to hospital. How many appointments they had or what type of health professional they saw before or after surgery did not change these results. We had hoped to have far more people in this study and be able to answer more questions, but not enough people were getting bariatric surgery in Scotland for us to ask them to take part. Further research is needed to find the best ways to care for people living with obesity who would benefit from bariatric surgery.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Obesidade Mórbida , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Masculino , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Medicina Estatal , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Estudos Prospectivos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Cirurgia Bariátrica/efeitos adversos , Escócia/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Custo-Benefício
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 614, 2024 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38182725

RESUMO

Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an alarming problem globally and a growing epidemic. Metabolic surgery has been shown to be successful in treating both obesity and T2DM, usually after other treatments have failed. This study aims to compare Roux-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy in determining early diabetic outcomes in obese Malaysian patients with T2DM following surgery. A total of 172 obese patients with T2DM who were assigned to either laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) were analysed up to a year post-procedure. The patients' T2DM severity were stratified using the Individualized Metabolic Surgery (IMS) score into mild, moderate and severe. Remission rates of diabetes were compared between surgical techniques and within diabetic severity categories. T2DM remission for patients who underwent either surgical technique for mild, moderate or severe disease was 92.9%, 56.2% and 14.7% respectively. Both surgical techniques improved T2DM control for patients in the study. Comparing baseline with results 1 year postoperatively, median HbA1c reduced from 7.40% (IQR 2.60) to 5.80% (IQR 0.80) (p < 0.001), mean total antidiabetic medications use reduced from 1.48 (SD 0.99) to 0.60 (SD 0.86) [p < 0.001], insulin usage reduced from 27.9 to 10.5% (p < 0.001), and T2DM control improved from 27.9 to 82% (p < 0.001). The patients had a median excess BMI loss of 69.4% (IQR 34%) and 53.2% (IQR 36.0%) for RYGB and SG respectively (p = 0.016). At one year following surgery, there is no difference between LRYGB and LSG in terms of diabetic remission. LSG is not inferior to LRYGB in terms of early diabetic outcomes. Milder T2DM shows a better response. LSG is a simpler procedure with a lower risk profile and should be considered as an early treatment option for obese patients with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Derivação Gástrica , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , População do Sudeste Asiático , Gastrectomia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia
12.
Clin Interv Aging ; 19: 57-66, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38223134

RESUMO

Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has become the first-choice treatment for elderly patients with end-stage hip disease. The high amount of hidden blood loss (HBL) in overweight and obese patients after THA not only affects rapid recovery, but also results in a greater economic burden. We aimed to identify risk factors that contribute to elevated HBL in overweight and obese patients after THA by retrospective analysis, and establish a nomogram prediction model for massive HBL in overweight and obese patients after THA. Methods: A total of 505 overweight and obese patients treated with THA were included and randomly divided into modeling and validation sets according to a 7:3 ratio. The demographic and relevant clinical data of the patients were collected. The independent risk factors affecting HBL after THA in overweight and obese patients were obtained by Pearson, independent sample T-test, and multiple linear regression analyses. R software was used to establish a nomogram prediction model for postoperative HBL, as well as a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA). Results: HBL was 911±438 mL, accounting for 79.5±13.1% of the total perioperative blood loss (1104±468 mL). A multiple linear regression analysis showed that HBL was associated with necrosis of the femoral head, absence of hypertension, longer operative time, higher preoperative erythrocytes, and higher preoperative D-dimer levels. The areas under the ROC curve (AUC) for the modeling and validation sets were 0.751 and 0.736, respectively, while the slope of the calibration curve was close to 1. The DCA curve demonstrated a better net benefit at a risk of HBL ≥1000 ml in both the training and validation groups. Conclusion: HBL was an important component of total blood loss (TBL) after THA in overweight and obese patients. Necrosis of the femoral head, absence of hypertension, longer operative time, higher preoperative erythrocytes, and higher preoperative D-dimer levels were independent risk factors for postoperative HBL in these patients. The predictive model constructed based these data had better discriminatory power and accuracy, and could result in better net benefit for patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur , Hipertensão , Humanos , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Sobrepeso/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/complicações , Nomogramas , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Hipertensão/complicações
13.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(856-7): 76-79, 2024 Jan 17.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38231106

RESUMO

Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment to improve metabolic health as long as behavioural changes are made. Opting for this therapeutic choice represents a real commitment on the part of patients which is complementary to the informative bariatric surgery consultation. After all, what practitioner has not been confronted with an urgent request from patients suffering from obesity who are over-investing in this operation? Therapeutic Patient Education offers the opportunity to work with patients to develop their status as committed actors through a new outpatient educational program. Increased feelings of self-efficacy and socio-cognitive conflict are ingredients that allow patients to invest in long-term changes.


Pour perdre du poids en situation d'obésité, la chirurgie bariatrique est un traitement efficace améliorant la santé métabolique sous réserve de changements comportementaux. Opter pour ce choix thérapeutique représente un véritable travail sur l'engagement des patients qui s'inscrit en complément de la consultation informative de chirurgie bariatrique. En effet, quel praticien n'a-t-il pas été confronté à l'impasse d'une demande urgente par des patients en souffrance surinvestissant cette intervention ? L'éducation thérapeutique du patient offre l'opportunité de travailler avec les patients à leur statut d'acteur engagé au travers d'un nouveau programme éducatif ambulatoire. L'augmentation du sentiment d'auto-efficacité et le conflit sociocognitif sont des ingrédients qui permettent aux patients en réflexion d'investir les changements à long terme.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Obesidade , Humanos , Obesidade/cirurgia , Estado Nutricional , Redução de Peso , Pacientes Ambulatoriais
14.
Obes Surg ; 34(2): 303-309, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183597

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Poor response to bariatric surgery, characterized by insufficient weight loss (IWL) or weight regain (WR), poses a significant challenge in obesity treatment. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of liraglutide in addressing this issue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter cohort study investigated the impact of liraglutide 3 mg on weight loss in adults with suboptimal responses or weight regain after bariatric surgery (BS). Additionally, a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted for a comprehensive evaluation. RESULTS: A total of 119 patients (mean age 41.03 ± 11.2 years, 71.4% female) who experienced IWL or WR after BS received pharmacologic therapy with liraglutide 3 mg. Mean percent weight loss in the entire cohort was 5.6 ± 2.6% at 12 weeks and 9.3 ± 3.6% at 24 weeks with a significant reduction in waist circumference (p < 0.0001). No serious side effects were reported. A meta-analysis, utilizing the fixed effect model with the metafor package in R, included 6 and 5 papers for the change in body weight and BMI after liraglutide treatment, respectively. The analysis demonstrated a considerable reduction in body weight (7.9; CI - 10.4; - 5.4, p < 0.0001) and BMI (3.09; CI 3.89; - 2.28, p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Liraglutide 3 mg emerges as a viable option for significant weight loss in patients experiencing IWL or WR after BS. Its inclusion in a multimodal, sequential obesity treatment approach proves promising.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Obesidade Mórbida , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Liraglutida/farmacologia , Liraglutida/uso terapêutico , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/cirurgia , Redução de Peso , Aumento de Peso , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto
15.
Obes Surg ; 34(2): 534-541, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191965

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ectopic fat accumulation plays a significant role in obesity-related metabolic dysfunction, and few studies have reported an association between ectopic gastric fat and metabolic risk factors. We aim to fulfill this need by assessing the degree of gastric submucosal fat accumulation in pathologic sections of 190 sleeve gastrectomy specimens. METHODS: Study patients were divided into two groups (D1 and D2) based on whether fat accumulation exceeded 1/3 of the submucosa of the stomach. Demographic and metabolic risk factors were compared between the two groups. Metabolic risk variables that might be associated with the degree of fat accumulation were screened in the original cohort. After balancing for possible confounders, the robustness of the correlations was assessed using binary and conditional logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: All study patients had fat accumulation in the submucosa of the stomach. C-reactive protein (CRP), body mass index (BMI), visceral fat area (VFA), and insulin resistance (IR) were higher in the D2 group than in the D1 group in the original cohort (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that BMI and IR may be associated with increased fat accumulation. After balancing variables other than obesity indicators and IR using propensity score matching, BMI and IR remained significantly different between the two groups (P < 0.05). Further analysis of the matched cohort using two logistic regression analyses showed that IR was an independent risk factor for increased fat accumulation. CONCLUSION: This study indicated that gastric submucosal fat accumulation was prevalent in patients with obesity and was associated with IR.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia , Estômago , Fatores de Risco , Gordura Intra-Abdominal , Índice de Massa Corporal
16.
Int J Cardiol ; 399: 131749, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38199525

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study is intended to examine the efficacy of a non-irrigated bipolar RF clamp and explore the factors that can influence its performance on beating human hearts using the electrophysiology mapping method. METHODS: A total of 83 atrial fibrillation (AF) patients were included in this study. Based on the Body mass index (BMI, kg/m2), the AF patients were divided into the normal group (18.5 ≤ BMI < 25) and the overweight or obese group (BMI ≥ 25). They all underwent a stand-alone surgical ablation through our off-pump biatrial mini-maze procedure. After we completed each time of ablation, the achievement of PV isolation was checked using the electrophysiology mapping method. The number of ablation times to achieve the PV isolation on the left and right PVs was recorded respectively. RESULTS: 86.7% (72/83) PV isolation on the LPV and 72.3% (60/83) PV isolation on the RPV could be achieved respectively after performing a single time of surgical ablation. Three times of ablations resulted in 100.0% PV isolation on the left and right PVs. In the normal BMI group, the ratio of patients who achieved a complete PV isolation after a single time of ablation was 83.7% (36/43), which was higher than the 60.0% (24/40) in the overweight or obese group. CONCLUSIONS: Performing three times of ablations resulted in 100% PV isolation on the left and right PVs. The bipolar RF clamp had a better performance on the LPV than on the RPV. The patients' BMI also influenced the Atricure clamp' s performance.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Humanos , Sobrepeso , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Clin Neurosci ; 120: 42-47, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) can be devastating. Identifying predisposing factors is paramount in reducing aSAH-related mortality. Obesity's negative impact on health is well-established. However, the controversial "obesity paradox" in neurosurgery suggests that obesity may confer a survival advantage in SAH. We hypothesized that obesity would have a negative impact on outcomes following surgical clipping in aSAH. METHODS: A single-institution retrospective review was performed of aSAH patients undergoing surgical clipping from 2017 to 2021. Demographics and clinically relevant variables were collected. Obesity was defined as body mass index >30. Primary outcome was death or severe disability (mRS 4-6) at last follow-up. Secondary outcome was VPS placement. Multivariable Cox proportional-hazards model identified predictors of poor outcome. Kaplan-Meier curves identified survivorship differences between obese and non-obese patients. RESULTS: Poor outcome occurred in 11 of 52 total patients (21.2 %). There were no differences in demographics or distribution of Hunt Hess (HH), modified Fisher Grade (mFG), or external ventricular drain (EVD) placement between obese and non-obese patients. On univariate analysis, hypertension, older age, and non-obesity were predictive of poor outcome. On multivariable analysis, only obesity remained significant, suggesting a protective effect from poor outcome (HR 0.45 [0.21-0.95], p = 0.037). VPS placement occurred in 6 (11.5 %) patients for which obesity was not a significant predictor. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity may have a protective effect against poor outcome following surgical clipping in aSAH. Additionally, obesity does not appear to increase rate of EVD conversion to VPS. Thus, our study suggests that obesity should not preclude patients from open surgical intervention when clinically appropriate.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Humanos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Paradoxo da Obesidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 310: 1317-1321, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270028

RESUMO

Bariatric surgery is a crucial intervention in managing obesity and related conditions. However, weight loss outcomes can vary significantly, and social determinants of health (SDoH) at the community level may play a role. Our objective is to identify community-level SDoH factors associated with reduced weight loss after bariatric surgery. We conducted an analysis of electronic health records and the social vulnerability index (SVI) of 3,800 patients who underwent bariatric surgery at Vanderbilt University Medical Center. We measured the associations between SVI social factors and the percent change in body mass index three months after surgery using linear regression. The SVI factors with a false discovery rate-adjusted p-value < 0.05 were deemed significant. Statistical results show that patients who reside in communities with racial minority groups or lower insurance rates had reduced weight loss three months after surgery.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Humanos , Fatores Sociais , Obesidade/cirurgia , Redução de Peso
19.
Obes Surg ; 34(2): 409-415, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38165528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent in the bariatric surgical population, with rates ranging from 50 to 70%. The impact of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on OSA and its associated risk factors remain relatively understudied. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of LSG on OSA and investigate predictors of new or worsening OSA postoperatively. Additionally, the study aims to provide evidence for the individualized selection of LSG procedures based on patient characteristics. METHODS: This multi-center observational study enrolled 119 patients with obesity who underwent LSG and were subdivided into two groups based on their preoperative AHI: AHI < 15 and AHI ≥ 15. The patients were followed up and evaluated before and 30 days after LSG. The study utilized univariate and multivariate analyses to assess risk factors for postoperative AHI development. RESULTS: Following LSG, there was a significant decrease in the mean AHI, leading to the resolution of OSA symptoms in 67.6% of patients with AHI ≥ 15. Neck circumference and the number of METS were also identified as independent risk factors for postoperative OSA. Furthermore, preoperative hypertension was found to be a significant predictor of new or worsened OSA after LSG. CONCLUSION: LSG demonstrated effectiveness in improving OSA among patients with obesity. The study highlights the importance of preoperative hypertension evaluation and postoperative management in patients undergoing LSG. Further long-term, multicenter, and large-scale studies are recommended to validate and generalize these findings to diverse patient populations.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/cirurgia , Hipertensão/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/cirurgia
20.
Obes Surg ; 34(2): 568-575, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38177554

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG), the most commonly performed weight loss surgery in adolescents and young adults with moderate to severe obesity, is highly effective for weight loss. Current literature regarding depressive and anxiety symptomatology following SG in youth is sparse and conflicting. We evaluated changes in depressive and anxiety symptoms in adolescents and young adults with moderate to severe obesity 2 years following SG compared with non-surgical controls (NS) followed for a similar duration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six youth 13-25 years old with moderate-severe obesity (33 female) were followed for 2 years; 21 underwent SG, and 25 were NS. Subjects underwent anthropometric measurements and completed self-report questionnaires. Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) was used to assess depressive symptoms and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)-X2 for anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: Groups did not differ for age (18.4 ± 0.4 vs. 17.8 ± 0.5 years, p = 0.456). The SG group had a higher mean BMI vs. NS (47.5 (42.1, 52.4) vs. 41.6 (37.8, 46.5) kg/m2; p = 0.011). At 2-year follow-up, SG had greater reductions in weight and BMI vs. NS (p < 0.0001). Groups did not differ for changes in BDI-II and STAI scores (BDI-II: - 1.0 (- 6.0, 10.0) in SG vs. - 1.0 (- 6.0, 3.5) in NS, p = 0.37; STAI: 3.1 ± 3.2 in SG vs. - 1.1 ± 1.5 in NS, p = 0.24). CONCLUSION: No change was found in depressive and anxiety symptomatology following surgery despite marked weight reduction over a 2-year period, underscoring the need to better evaluate psychopathology in youth undergoing SG to develop supportive therapeutic strategies. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT02557438 https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02557438?id=NCT02557438&draw=2&rank=1 ; The study was registered on 23 September 2015.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Ansiedade , Gastrectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos
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