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1.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-10, 20221213.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369124

RESUMO

Introducción: Los profesionales del área de odontología se ven expuestos a diferentes tipos de ruidos generados en el ambiente laboral producidos durante el ejercicio de su práctica clínica, originados, entre otros, por el instrumental y los aparatos rotatorios de uso diario. Estos niveles de ruido pueden variar de acuerdo a la especialidad clínica. Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de ruido producido durante los procedimientos odontológicos en las clínicas de una facultad de odontología. Material y Métodos: A partir de un estudio de corte transversal analítico y mediante muestreo no probabilístico a conveniencia se realizó el reconocimiento de las unidades en las especialidades odontológicas a evaluar. Se usó un sonómetro digital BENETECH GM1352, nivel de frecuencia A, rango 30-130 dB, exactitud más o menos 1,5 dB. Se utilizaron las pruebas U de Mann Whitney y Kruskal Wallis para determinar diferencias en los niveles de ruido entre las especialidades odontológicas. Resultados: La mediana del nivel de ruido medido en general fue de 75,94 dB (RIC 74,12 ­ 77,51), la especialidad clínica en la que mayor ruido se identificó fue la operatoria dental (mediana 77,34 y RIC 76,44 ­79,4 dB). Conclusiones: las áreas clínicas operatoria dental, rehabilitación, endodoncia y odontopediatría corresponden a las especialidades donde los niveles de ruido determinados se ajustan a los límites permitidos por la normatividad vigente en Colombia para el ruido medido en ambiente laboral.


Introduction: Dental professionals are exposed to different noise levels in their work environment during their clinical practice, mainly caused by dental instruments and rotary instruments used on a daily basis. Noise levels may vary according to the type of clinical specialty. Objective: To determine noise levels during dental procedures in dental school clinics. Materials and Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted by means of non-probability convenience sampling to determine dental specialties to be evaluated. BENETECH GM1352 30-130dB Digital Sound Level Meter with accuracy +/- 1.5 dB and A weighting was used for measurements. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were used to identify differences in noise levels among dental specialties. Results: Measured median noise level was 75.94 dB (RCI 74.21 -77.51), dental surgery was identified to have the highest noise among clinical specialties (median 77.34 and RCI 76.44 -79.4 dB). Conclusions: Dental surgery, oral rehabilitation, endodontics and pediatric dentistry were found to be the clinical specialties where noise exposure is within the limits established by Colombian regulations for noise in the workplace.


Introdução: Os profissionais da área da odontologia estão expostos a diferentes tipos de ruído gerado no ambiente de trabalho produzido durante o exercício da sua prática clínica, proveniente, entre outros, de instrumentos e aparelhos rotativos em uso diário. Estes níveis de ruído podem variar de acordo com a especialidade clínica. Objetivo: Determinar o nível de ruído produzido durante procedimentos odontológicos nas clínicas de uma escola de odontologia. Material e Métodos: Com base em um estudo analítico transversal e por meio de amostragem por conveniência não probabilística, foram levantadas as unidades das especialidades odontológicas a serem avaliadas. Foi utilizado um sonómetro digital BENETECH GM1352, nível de frequência A, faixa de medição 30-130 dB, precisão mais ou menos 1,5 dB. Os testes U de Mann Whitney e Kruskal Wallis foram usados para determinar as diferenças nos níveis de ruído entre as especialidades odontológicas. Resultados: O nível de ruído médio medido globalmente foi de 75,94 dB (RIC 74,12 - 77,51), sendo que a especialidade clínica em que foi identificado o maior ruído foi a cirurgia dentária (média 77,34 e RIC 76,44 -79,4 dB). Conclusões: as áreas clínicas de cirurgia dentária, reabilitação, endodontia e odontologia pediátrica correspondem às especialidades onde os níveis de ruído determinados estão de acordo com os limites permitidos pela regulamentação em vigor na Colômbia para o ruído medido no ambiente de trabalho.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Universidades , Saúde do Trabalhador , Odontologia , Ruído
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e223759, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1355009

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, receiving or not intracanal laser treatment, compared with glass fiber posts under mechanical cycling. Methods: Twenty-seven endodontically treated, single-rooted teeth were divided into 3 groups: group 1 (control), prefabricated glass fiber posts relined with resin composite; group 2, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using Resin Nano Ceramic (RNC) blocks; and group 3, CAD/CAM-fabricated intraradicular posts using RNC blocks in canals irradiated with a 940-nm diode laser (100 mJ, 300-um optic fiber, coronal-apical and apical-coronal helical movements, speed of 2 mm/second, 4 times each canal). After cementation of the coping, cyclic loading was applied at an angle of 135° to the long axis of the root, with a pulse load of 130 N, frequency of 2.2 Hz, and 150,000 pulses on the crown at a point located 2 mm below the incisal edge on the lingual aspect of the specimen. Every 50,000 cycles, the specimens were evaluated for root fracture occurring below or above the simulated bone crest. Results were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results: Group 1 was the least resistant, while groups 2 and 3 were the most resistant. Group 1 differed significantly from groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01), but there was no difference between groups 2 and 3 (p<0.01). Conclusion: Treatment of the intracanal surface with diode laser had no influence on fracture resistance of roots restored with CAD/CAM-fabricated posts, but a longer cycling time is required to evaluate the real benefits of diode laser irradiation


Assuntos
Humanos , Fraturas dos Dentes/reabilitação , Raiz Dentária/lesões , Pinos Dentários , Odontologia , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226469, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1392962

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of our study was to analyze the content related to dentistry published on Instagram® and to investigate the students' profiles related to the use of social networks in a sample from a Dentistry School. Methods: This study was carried out in two stages. First, research was conducted to analyze content published on Instagram® related to dentistry. The second part investigated the profiles of students' from a dental school in relation to the use of social networks through a questionnaire. A descriptive analysis was performed and associations between the variables were tested using Fisher's exact test. Results: We found a diversified and large amount of content related to dentistry published on Instagram®, and publications that involved advertising were more prevalent in our study. There are also many publications that are violating the Code of Dental Ethics. In addition, in the second part of our study, we observed an enormous use of social networks by dental students (98.4%). Conclusions: As a result, we believe that it is important to update professionals about the ethical infractions related to social networks which could be approached during graduate courses in universities. Finally, the analyzed social network seems to be an interesting alternative for disseminating health information in order to dialogue with greater proximity to the large number of users who participate in it


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes de Odontologia , Códigos de Ética , Odontologia , Rede Social
4.
Cranio ; 40(5): 392-393, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066042

Assuntos
Odontologia , Humanos
5.
Chin J Dent Res ; 25(3): 223-232, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102892

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in dental faculty students in different years of education and investigate the relationship between TMD and oral habits or quality of life. METHODS: The Fonseca Anamnestic Index (FAI) questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence and severity of TMD, the Oral Behaviors Checklist (OBC) questionnaire served to determine the severity of harmful oral habits/parafunctions and the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) questionnaire was used to evaluate the quality of life in a total of 452 dentistry students (269 women and 183 men) in different years of education. RESULTS: With regard to incidence of TMD, a total of 215 women had TMD (215/269, 79.9%), which was significantly higher than that in men (87/183, 47.5%) (P < 0.001). According to the OBC and OHIP-14 questionnaire results, harmful oral habits and quality of life showed a low to moderately significant correlation with TMD (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The Fonseca, OHIP-14 and OBC questionnaires allow early and inexpensive determination of oral habits that increase the prevalence of TMD. The prevalence of TMD in dentistry students at the clinical education stage is higher than those who have not progressed to the clinical education stage.


Assuntos
Higiene Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes de Odontologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Odontologia , Feminino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 394, 2022 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the COVID19 pandemic, the Latvian government issued first absolute restrictions (elective treatments prohibited, only emergency care) and later relative restrictions (preference for non-aerosol-generating procedures (AGP) and emergency care) on dental care. This study aims to assess the impact of these restrictions on the decision made by Latvian dentists about caries treatment. METHODS: A Survey-based cross-sectional study was used. A minimum sample size of 174 dentists was estimated for national representativeness (N = 1524). The questionnaire was developed by experts and sent three times via email to Latvian dentists from July to September 2020 and was also delivered in printed form at two national conferences in September and October 2020. Descriptive statistics were calculated. RESULTS: We received 373 completed questionnaires, with a total response rate of 24.5%. Under the recommendation to reduce AGP for the treatment of uncomplicated caries, 10% of the dentists stated that they would stop attending, 54% would only attend emergencies, and 36% would attend as usual. Under prohibition, the percentages are 15%, 74%, and 11%, respectively. Regarding the type of treatment, more than 75% would opt to proceed with selective caries removal for both primary and permanent teeth and 10% for extraction. CONCLUSION: Latvian dentists are willing to treat patients with caries during the pandemic and state that they prefer to use non- or minimally invasive and less aerosol-generating methods for caries treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Cárie Dentária , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Odontologia , Odontólogos , Humanos
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 402, 2022 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uninformed opioid prescribing by dentists has contributed to the current opioid crisis. This report describes the development and implementation of an innovative, interactive, multidisciplinary, and participant-centric telementoring program "Pain Management and Substance Use Disorders Dental ECHO (Extension for Community Health Care Outcomes)". We disseminated information to dentists about appropriate opioid prescribing practices and engaged them with a focus on pain management and substance use disorders. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of this program for self-reported: (1) change in knowledge and confidence related to clinical skills for dental pain management of patients with substance use disorders; (2) change in clinical behavior of dentists for safe opioids prescribing; and (3) change in clinic policies regarding safe opioids prescribing. METHODS: An interdisciplinary panel of experts in medicine, pharmacy, social work, and dentistry designed and led the "Pain Management and Substance Use Disorders Dental ECHO" for invited dental care providers and dental students. Six cohorts each consisting of six, 1-h-long sessions were conducted via the Zoom videoconference platform in years 2020 and 2021. Each session included a didactic expert presentation, a participant-presented patient case and discussion. Each participant completed pre- and post-program surveys to assess the program's influence on participant knowledge, clinical confidence and behavior change. RESULTS: The participants (N = 151) were dentists (n = 109), dental faculty (n = 15), dental residents (n = 6), dental hygienists/assistants (n = 13) and nurses and clinic administrators (n = 8). Self-reported perceived medication knowledge, confidence in identification, treatment and willingness to engage with substance use disorders patients, and reported compliance with Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) checks increased significantly from before to after the sessions (p < 0.001). Overall, participants expressed high levels of satisfaction with the content and reported that the sessions provided high benefit. CONCLUSION: The Project ECHO model is effective in rapidly disseminating evidence-based information. Dentists viewed this model as having a high degree of benefit for the optimal management of dental pain and the recognition and treatment of substance use disorders.


Assuntos
Manejo da Dor , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Odontologia , Humanos , Modelos Educacionais , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia
8.
JDR Clin Trans Res ; 7(1_suppl): 16S-24S, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121134

RESUMO

KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER STATEMENT: This article discusses innovations in technology and treatments that have enormous potential to revolutionize our dental care, including novel concepts in electronic health records, communication between dentists and patients, biologics around diagnosis and treatment, digital dentistry, and, finally, the real-time optimization of information technology. The early implementation and validation of these innovations can drive down their costs and provide better dental and medical services to all members of our society.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Odontologia , Humanos
9.
JDR Clin Trans Res ; 7(1_suppl): 40S-46S, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121135

RESUMO

KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER STATEMENT: This article reviews social, economic, and technological trends affecting the future of dentistry. These trends have important implications for the training of dentists and the organization of dental care with the aim of improving the oral health of the public. Clinical and translational research has an essential role to play in developing the interventions and evidence base for these improvements.


Assuntos
Odontologia , Saúde Bucal , Previsões
11.
JDR Clin Trans Res ; 7(1_suppl): 25S-30S, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121137

RESUMO

KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER STATEMENT: This perspective is intended to stimulate thoughts by clinicians, researchers, and educators about needed trends to the dental profession. With consideration of changes needed within the dental profession, improvements and implementation of diagnostic coding and value-based care could result in improved oral health for numerous Americans.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Organizações , Odontologia , Humanos , Estados Unidos
12.
J Dent ; 125: 104282, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of spin and completeness of reporting of systematic reviews with metanalysis (SRMAs) in restorative dentistry. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were SRMAs of randomized clinical trials of restorative dentistry on survival, success, or failure rates of treatment in humans, with no language or year restriction. SRMAs performed with non-RCTs were excluded. PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane Collaboration Library were searched from inception to April 2022. Outcomes were the prevalence of spin (primary outcome) and completeness of reporting (secondary outcome) in the abstract and full text. Data were reported through means and standard deviations or absolute and relative frequencies. Spin in each item was considered low when occurring in less than 25% of the papers, moderate (25 to 75%), or high (more than 75%). RESULTS: We identified 7029 studies and 49 unique manuscripts were included. There was a moderate presence of spin in the abstracts and low in full texts. In the abstracts, 65.9% did not report adverse events; while in the abstract and full text, more than 16% reported a conclusion containing recommendations for clinical practice not supported by the findings. Regarding completeness of reporting, there was poor reporting for most items in the abstract while there was an adequate report in full texts, except for register name and registration number (not reported in 32.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Abstract of SRMAs in restorative dentistry should be better reported. Spin and poor reporting were more frequent in the abstracts, which misleads readers and could lead to inadequate clinical recommendations. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Spin and incomplete reporting are a threat to evidence-based practice, especially in systematic reviews. Therefore, care providers, researchers, and other stakeholders should be aware of the possibility of spin in systematic reviews and other sources to prevent misinterpretation, which could lead to inadequate decisions and treatments.


Assuntos
Odontologia , Relatório de Pesquisa , Bibliometria , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078857

RESUMO

Dental anxiety is a matter of interest for the dentist since an anxious patient is a potential source of complications in the dental office. The main objectives of this study are to describe the correlation between dental anxiety levels and the values of physiological parameters related to dental anxiety and to study the evolution of blood pressure and heart rate over time during noninvasive dental treatments, i.e., not requiring local anesthesia. A descriptive, longitudinal, and prospective observational study was designed. The study population consisted of 200 patients who attended a university clinic for dental treatment without local anesthesia. The patients were asked to complete the Corah Dental Anxiety Scale. Afterward, blood pressure and heart rate were measured by means of a digital sphygmomanometer. Blood pressure and heart rate were taken throughout the procedure on four occasions. Most of the patients showed mild dental anxiety (5 [IQR: 3] points on Corah Dental Anxiety Scale). Significant but weak correlations were found between the level of dental anxiety and heart rate (Spearman rho: 0.166 and 0.176; p = 0.019 and 0.013; 3 min before and after treatment, respectively), as well as between the level of dental anxiety and the duration of treatment (Spearman rho: 0.191 3 min; p = 0.007). As for the evolution of physiological parameters, all patients showed a progressive decrease in values at different time points during treatment. When the types of treatment were evaluated separately, it was observed that there were statistically significant differences between them with respect to the level of dental anxiety (p = 0.006).


Assuntos
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Odontologia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Universidades
14.
Folia Med Cracov ; 62(1): 29-41, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Designing and printing out a 3D model of a mandible, including the teeth with replicated carious lesions, to be fitted into the Dental Patient Simulator. Students assessed the 3D teeth models against the extracted teeth and the standard models, identifying specific restorative dentistry procedures where they might be applied as the teaching aids. METHODS: A 3D tooth model was printed out against a patient's Cone Beam Computed Tomography scan. The study was attended by 22, 5th-year students, who, having prior removed the caries, filled in the cavities of different classes and trepanned the pulp chamber in the 3D models, subsequently rating them against a questionnaire. RESULTS: Over 95% of students recommended introducing the 3D models into teaching conservative dentistry with endodontics at the pre-clinical stage to enhance manual skills in cavity preparation and filling. The replication of tissue hardness and anatomical characteristics in the 3D models was rated significantly higher, as compared to the standard ones (p <0.05). Over 90% of students also asserted that working on the 3D models would enhance their pulp chamber trepanation skills, and rated overall replication of the anatomical characteristics significantly higher, in comparison with the standard teeth models (p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In pre-clinical education, the 3D teeth models offer a viable alternative, as there is an appreciable potential for different types of teeth to be printed out, in full consideration of their anatomical diversity. Further design refinements in the 3D teeth models are required, though, particularly the ones regarding true-to-life replication of the soft tissues.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Impressão Tridimensional , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Odontologia , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Humanos , Extremidade Superior
15.
Br Dent J ; 233(5): 404, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085472

Assuntos
Odontologia
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 676, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher education tends to focus on academic writing only, instead of emphasizing that professional texts are also used as a basis for communication in contexts with a variety of participators. When it comes to clinical notes, research is scarce and focused on technology and informatics. Therefore, the aim was to explore dental students' clinical notes, and specifically which aspects of the clinical notes characterizes clinical notes that are not sufficient enough for professional purposes. METHODS: The object of analysis was the student's written completion of a teacher constructed protocol regarding oral mucosa, the dental apparatus including pathology on tooth level, oral hygiene, and a validated international clinical examination protocol of the temporomandibular region. The study was framed within the New Literacy Studies approach, and the clinical notes were analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Within the clinical notes three themes were identified; a) familiar content; b) familiar content in new context; and c) new content. The forms of notes could refer to either categorizational clinical notes or descriptive clinical notes. Most students were able to write acceptable clinical notes when the content was familiar, but as soon as the familiar content was in a new context the students had difficulties to write acceptable notes. When it comes to descriptive notes students suffered difficulties to write acceptable notes both when it came to familiar content, or familiar content in a new context. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the results indicate that students have difficulties writing acceptable notes when they are novices to the content or context, making their notes either insufficient, too short or even wrong for professional purposes. With this in mind, this study suggests that there is a need to strengthen the demands on sufficient professional quality in clinical notes and focus on clinical notes already in the early stages of the different medical educations.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Odontologia , Humanos , Estudantes , Suécia , Redação
17.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 85-106, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1382228

RESUMO

Introdução: O Cymbopogon citratus (capim-limão) é uma espécie herbácea pertencente à família Poaceae, que engloba aproximadamente 500 gêneros e 8.000 espécies. Objetivos: Analisar as evidências científicas disponíveis sobre as aplicações terapêuticas de Cymbopogon citratus (capim-limão) na Odontologia durante os últimos dez anos. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, que envolveu as seguintes etapas: elaboração da pergunta norteadora, estabelecimento das palavras-chave e dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão de artigos, seleção e análise crítica dos artigos, resultados, discussão e conclusão. Resultados: 8% dos artigos encontrados e analisados nessa revisão de literatura integrativa demonstraram que o Cymbopogon citratus (capim-limão) apresenta potencial terapêutico no que se refere a suas propriedades antimicrobianas, sendo considerado benéfico e promissor na inibição de patógenos colonizadores bacterianos e fúngicos dentários, além de demonstrar baixa citotoxicidade. Conclusão: Apesar da existência de diversas pesquisas in vitro que demonstram eficácia e segurança do uso de diversos compostos de origem natural, nota-se que há poucos protocolos específicos que orientem o profissional cirurgião-dentista para o uso de terapias à base de plantas medicinais e/ou fitoterápicos, como no caso do Cymbopogon citratus (capim-limão). Portanto, são necessários mais estudos para explicar e fundamentar melhor os efeitos do capim-limão na odontologia.


Introduction: Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass) is an herbaceous species belonging to the Poaceae family, which includes approximately 500 genera and 8,000 species. Objectives: To analyze the available scientific evidence about therapeutic applications of Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass) in Dentistry over the past ten years. Methods: This is an integrative literature review, which involved the following steps: elaboration of the guiding question, establishment of keywords and criteria for inclusion and exclusion of articles, selection and critical analysis of articles, results, discussion, and conclusion. Results: 8% of the articles found and analyzed in this integrative literature review demonstrated that Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass) has therapeutic potential because its antimicrobial properties, being considered beneficial and promising in the inhibition of bacterial and fungal dental colonizing pathogens, in addition presents low cytotoxicity. Conclusion: Despite the existence of several in vitro studies that demonstrate the efficacy and safety of natural compounds utilization, there are few specific protocols guiding the dental professional about using based therapies of medicinal and/or phytotherapeutic plants, as in the case of Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass). Therefore, more studies are necessary to explain and provide a better validation of lemon grass effects in the dentistry practice.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais , Saúde Bucal , Cymbopogon , Odontologia , Usos Terapêuticos
18.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 43-48, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1380559

RESUMO

O granuloma periférico de células gigantes (GPCG) é uma lesão hiperplásica benigna causada por trauma local ou trauma crônico. Origina-se do ligamento periodontal ou mucoperiósteo. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar um caso de GPCG em mandíbula tratada com sucesso através de excisão cirúrgica, curetagem e ostectomia periférica.


Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a benign hyperplastic lesion caused by local trauma or chronic trauma. It originates from the periodontal ligament or mucoperiosteum. The objective of this work is to present a case of PGCG in the mandible successfully treated through surgical excision, curettage and peripheral ostectomy.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Granuloma de Células Gigantes/diagnóstico , Células Gigantes , Odontologia , Granuloma/diagnóstico , Mandíbula
19.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 14-21, set.-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1380512

RESUMO

O Ferimento por Projétil de Arma de Fogo (PAF), também conhecido como trauma balístico é todo e qualquer trauma físico causado por arma de fogo, sendo considerado um problema de saúde pública mundial, devido sua alta prevalência, seu grande impacto psicossocial e o alto custo com tratamento. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar as diferentes abordagens terapêuticas relacionadas ao ferimento por arma de fogo na área de cirurgia e traumatologia bucomaxilofacial, contribuindo assim para a elaboração de protocolos de atendimento mais eficazes e formulação de políticas públicas mais eficientes. Para isso, foi realizado uma revisão de literatura nas principais bases de dados: Scielo, Medline e Pubmed, no período entre 1998 e 2021, nas línguas inglesa e portuguesa. Observou-se que este tipo de lesão foi mais prevalente em jovens do sexo masculino, os quais geralmente apresentaram fraturas cominutivas em mandíbula, sendo o tratamento cirúrgico o mais indicado. Sendo assim, é de suma importância que todos os profissionais envolvidos no tratamento ao paciente vítima de PAF saibam tratar de forma adequada, para a melhoria da qualidade de vida de todos os envolvidos.


Firearm Projectile Injury (FPI), also known as ballistic trauma, is any physical trauma caused by a firearm considered a worldwide public health problem due to its high prevalence, great psychosocial impact and the high cost of treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the different therapeutic approaches related to gunshot wounds in the area of maxillofacial surgery and traumatology, thus contributing to the development of more effective care protocols and the formulation of more efficient public policies. For this, a literature review was carried out in the main databases: Scielo, Medline and Pubmed, in the period between 1998 and 2021, in English and Portuguese. It was observed that this type of injury was more prevalent in young males, who generally presented comminuted fractures in the mandible, with surgical treatment being the most indicated. Therefore, it is of paramount that all professionals involved in the treatment of FAP know how to treat it properly, providing better health outcomes for its victims.


Assuntos
Terapêutica , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Odontologia
20.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 8-13, set.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1380506

RESUMO

Obter corretamente a Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas (PRF) depende da execução de cada etapa de maneira protocolada. Nesse sentido, no Laboratório Associado de Pesquisa Clínica (LPCO), da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal Fluminense (FO-UFF) é utilizado o sistema IntraSpin® de centrifugação do sangue coletado, que caracteriza o segundo passo para preparo deste material autólogo. O objetivo do presente trabalho é realizar uma descrição prática do correto manuseio da Centrífuga IntraSpin para garantir a obtenção do PRF e sua efetiva aplicabilidade clínica.


Obtaining Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) correctly depends on the execution of each step in a protocol manner. In this sense, at the Associated Clinical Research Laboratory (LPCO), of the Faculty of Dentistry in the Federal Fluminense University (FO-UFF) the IntraSpin® centrifugation system is used in the collected blood, that characterizes the second step to prepare this autologous material. The objective of this present work is to make a practical description of the correct handling of the IntraSpin Centrifuge to guarantee the PRF's biocompatibility and its effective clinical applicability.


Assuntos
Centrífugas , Odontologia , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas
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