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1.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(3): 215-218, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822504

RESUMO

The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) is dedicated to the advancement of research related to improving children's oral health and the specialty of pediatric dentistry. To fulfill part of this mission, AAPD supports many research awards, grants, and fellowships. The following research abstracts have been chosen by a subcommittee of the AAPD Council on Scientific Affairs.


Assuntos
Odontopediatria , Humanos , Indexação e Redação de Resumos , Estados Unidos , Criança
2.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(3): 179-185, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822502

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine whether visiting only a pediatric dentist (as opposed to visiting only a general dentist) was associated with the provision of preventive dental services for a U.S.-based pediatric population (those 18 years and younger). Methods: This study analyzed pooled Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data from 2018 and 2019 to compare the use of certain preventive dental services (i.e., examination, radiographs, prophylaxis, dental sealant, and fluoride treatment) among those who reported visiting a pediatric dentist versus those who visited a general dentist. Survey procedures were used in Stata 14.0 to perform multivariable logistic regression analyses. Results: Controlling for demographic and insurance variables, children who visited only pediatric dentists had statistically significantly greater odds of receiving radiographs (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] equals 1.22; 95 percent confidence interval [95% CI] equals 1.01 to 1.48; P=0.04), fluoride treatment (AOR equals 1.57; 95% CI equals 1.30 to 1.90; P≤0.001), and sealants (AOR equals 1.63; 95% CI equals 1.24 to 2.16; P=0.001) compared to children who visited only general dentists. There was no statistically significant difference in the provision of periodic examinations and prophylaxis services. Conclusion: Based on the nationally representative data evaluated, pediatric dentists are more likely to provide more optimal preventive services than general dentists (i.e., radiographs, fluoride treatments, and sealants) to children in the United States.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Odontopediatria , Humanos , Criança , Estados Unidos , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Odontologia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontologia Preventiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico , Lactente , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 24-30, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755978

RESUMO

The influence of behavioral science on various organizations has been experiencing remarkable growth worldwide. With the integration of recent technological advancements, behavioral science's impact has expanded into diverse fields such as finance and policy. The term "artificial intelligence" (AI) has become increasingly prevalent, but it is essential to provide clarity before proceeding. AI pertains to the theory and creation of systems capable of executing tasks that typically necessitate human intelligence. Integrating artificial intelligence (AI) in pediatric dentistry has emerged as a promising avenue to enhance patient care, improve diagnostic accuracy, streamline treatment planning, and augment patient engagement. AI-driven tools such as image analysis, natural language processing, and machine learning algorithms assist in early caries detection, orthodontic treatment planning, behavior management, and personalized oral hygiene education for pediatric patients. This paper presents an overview of AI's applications in pediatric dentistry, particularly behavior management, highlighting its potential to revolutionize traditional pediatric dental practices.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Odontopediatria , Humanos , Criança , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos
5.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 25(2): 143-148, 2024 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695679

RESUMO

AIM: The role of a child's mother tongue in shaping his/her identity and emotional development is crucial. In the context of paediatric dentistry, this principle should always be reminded. The child's right to effective communication, even when a language barrier exists, is a fundamental principle, as recently stated in the 'Rights from the Start' rights fact sheet. Preserving a child's native language in the dental setting, especially in the context of an increasingly diverse society with a significant number of refugee children, is essential. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) strategies can assist in bridging language gaps and improving treatment outcomes, blending with the traditional approaches used in paediatric dentistry. The article promotes flexibility, innovation, and empathy in paediatric dentistry to provide optimal care and ensure that every child's rights are respected. CONCLUSION: • The relationship with one's mother language plays a central role in children's growth and in the relationship they can develop with the world, "motherised" by the words of the caregiver. • The interaction between immigrant children from different linguistic and cultural backgrounds and dentists providing their care requires the integration of traditional paediatric dental techniques with AAC strategies that can compensate for deficient oral communication. • Dentists treating immigrant children should follow the suggestions proposed in this article to establish the best and most tailored paediatric setting for the child's specific needs.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Humanos , Criança , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos , Odontopediatria , Barreiras de Comunicação , Auxiliares de Comunicação para Pessoas com Deficiência , Relações Dentista-Paciente , Relações Mãe-Filho , Emigrantes e Imigrantes
7.
J Dent Educ ; 88 Suppl 1: 713-726, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dental residents experience high stress in their demanding programs and gender-based harassment/discrimination can contribute to their stress. The objectives were to compare stress, satisfaction, experienced sexual harassment and observed discrimination of women in dental graduate programs with high, medium, and low percentages of women and to explore relationships between these constructs of interest. METHODS: Note that, 112 pediatric dentistry (PD), 44 prosthodontics, and 56 oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents responded to a survey. RESULTS: PD residents had the lowest personal life-related stress (4-point scale with 4 = very stressful: PD = 2.99/P = 3.67/OMS = 3.56; p < 0.001), faculty-related stress (2.68/3.66/3.03; p < 0.001), lack of confidence-related stress (2.79/3.31/2.96; p < 0.01) and academic stress (2.65/3.24/3.02; p < 0.001), while prosthodontics residents had the highest stress levels. The average frequency of experiencing sexual harassment was highest for OMS residents and lowest for PD residents (5-point scale with 1 = never: 1.15/2.62/2.74; p < 0.001). PD residents observed least and OMS residents most frequently that female residents were treated less positively by other residents because of their gender (1.59/2.57/3.00; p < 0.001). Prosthodontics residents had the lowest job satisfaction score (5-point scale with 1 = lowest satisfaction: 4.12/3.14/4.20; p < 0.001). The more frequently male and female residents experienced sexual harassment, the higher their personal life-related stress, faculty-related stress, lack of confidence-related stress, and academic stress, and the lower their career satisfaction, specialty content satisfaction, and stress-related satisfaction. Women's frequencies of observed gender-based discrimination were associated with higher stress and lower satisfaction, while men's frequencies of these observations were not associated with stress, but associated with increased satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: Dental residents' stress, career satisfaction, experienced sexual harassment, and observed discrimination of women residents differ depending on the dental specialty program. Both male and female residents report more stress and less satisfaction the more they experience sexual harassment. The more women observe discrimination of women, the more stressed and the less satisfied they are. For men, the frequencies of these observations are not associated with stress, but positively associated with increased satisfaction.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Satisfação no Emprego , Odontopediatria , Prostodontia , Sexismo , Cirurgia Bucal , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Sexismo/psicologia , Cirurgia Bucal/educação , Odontopediatria/educação , Prostodontia/educação , Assédio Sexual/psicologia , Assédio Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 42(1): 9-14, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616421

RESUMO

CONTEXT: One of the essential components for successful caries management is caries risk assessment (CRA). Among CRA tools (CRATs) published in the literature: Caries management by risk assessment (CAMBRA) 123 and American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) CRATs are specifically designed for infants and toddlers. AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare readily available internationally accepted CRAT for infants and toddlers and check the usability of these tools in assigning caries risk among the Indian population. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was conducted at Baby Oral Health Promotion Clinic, Department of Pediatrics, Tertiary Care Hospital using a cross-sectional study design. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were collected using CAMBRA 123 and AAPD CRATs from 379 children aged 0-6 years. The caries risk of the children was recorded with each CRAT and a comparison was made between the two tools used. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: The percentage of agreement and Cohen's kappa coefficient were used to know the agreement between the CAMBRA 123 and AAPD CRATs using the SPSS statistical tool. The significance level was set at 5% (α = 0.05). RESULTS: For children aged <2 years, the study showed slight agreement between the CAMBRA 123 and AAPD, whereas, for children more than 2 years, there was a fair agreement between the two methods which was statistically significant. This indicates that the agreement between the two methods is still not perfectly established, and AAPD CRA assigns a higher risk category than CAMBRA 123. CONCLUSIONS: CAMBRA 123 is a promising user-friendly quantitative method for CRA in clinical practice. Since there is ambiguity in assessing the caries risk in children <2 years, there is a need to establish a CRAT that can be used exclusively for children below 2 years.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Medição de Risco , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Odontopediatria
9.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(2): 121-134, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664905

RESUMO

Purpose: To acquire comments on pediatric dentistry entrustable professional activities (EPAs) from pediatric dentistry residency program directors (PDs). Methods: An electronic survey invited PDs to evaluate 16 previously developed EPAs on whether they were critical to patient safety, resident education, or both. PDs were asked to evaluate a fully developed EPA to assess structure and clarity and describe barriers to EPA. Descriptive statistics were completed. Results: Forty-one of 103 PDs completed the entire survey. Eighty-five percent (36 of 42) of PDs believed EPAs are critical to pediatric dentistry education, and 81 percent (34 of 42) believed EPAs are critical to patient safety. Eighty-one percent of PDs would likely use EPAs when available. Seventy-five percent (31 of 41) of PDs reported that they have had a resident who would have benefited from a longer duration of training. Conclusions: The majority of pediatric dentistry residency program director participants surveyed reported that entrustable professional activities are critical to patient safety and resident education. EPAs may be a valuable option for assessing residents' readiness for graduation.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Internato e Residência , Odontopediatria , Odontopediatria/educação , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Competência Clínica , Segurança do Paciente
11.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(2): 89, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664908
12.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(2): 108-114, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664909

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the noise levels recorded in a hospital-based pediatric dental clinic and evaluate the occupational exposure personnel have to potentially hazardous levels of noise. Methods: A SoundAdvisor™ Sound Level Meter Model 831C was used to gather 19 days of background sound data (equivalent continuous sound levels, measured as LAeq) in the open bay, quiet room, sedation suite, and operating room settings. A Spartan™ Wireless Noise Dosimeter Model 730 (Larson Davis) was utilized to capture data about personal noise exposure of pediatric dental residents over 81 clinic sessions. Personal noise exposure was compared to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) stand- ard. Results: Background A-weighted sound pressure level was significantly less for the open bay than in the operating room, quiet room, and oral sedation setting (P<0.05), while the operating room was significantly less than the oral sedation setting (P=0.038). Personal LAeq was significantly less for the open bay than the quiet room (P=0.007) and oral sedation settings (P=0.007). There was a significantly larger percentage of time above 80 dBA captured in the oral sedation suite compared to the open bay (P=0.010) or operating room (P=0.023). Conclusions: Daily occupational noise exposure did not exceed the thresholds set forth by OSHA. Sedation and quiet room treatment settings were noted to be the loudest pediatric dental clinical environments.


Assuntos
Ruído Ocupacional , Exposição Ocupacional , Odontopediatria , Humanos , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Clínicas Odontológicas , United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration , Estados Unidos , Criança , Salas Cirúrgicas , Internato e Residência
13.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(2): 115-120, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664904

RESUMO

Purpose: To measure the accuracy of parent-reported allergies and medication usage by comparing parental reports during dental con- sultations to medical reports from their child's primary care physician. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for 862 eligible patients 17 years and younger seen in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at Franciscan Children's, Boston, Mass., USA, and who were required to obtain medical clearance prior to initiating dental treatment with sedation or general anesthesia. Allergies were categorized into three groups: food, environmental, and drug allergies. Allergies in each category reported by the parents were compared to the physician-reported allergies to assess for accuracy. Medications reported by the parents were also compared to the total number of medications reported by the physician and categorized as a full, partial, or non-match. Results: The sensitivity of parental identification for drug, food, and environmental allergies was 50.9 percent, 48.1 percent, and 18.8 percent, respectively. Of the 245 patients taking prescription medications, 53.1 percent of parents were unable to identify any of their child's medications, 22.9 percent of parents were partially able to identify their child's medications, and only 24.1 percent of parents were able to identify their child's medications fully. Among parents of children who take one or more medications as reported by their physician, the average reporting accuracy was 34.7 percent. Conclusion: Utilizing interprofessional collaboration is warranted in identifying accurate reports of patient allergies and medication usage in the pediatric population to prevent adverse reactions and improve the overall quality of dental care.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade a Drogas , Hipersensibilidade , Pais , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , Odontopediatria , Lactente , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/normas
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 474, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Important evidence has been constantly produced and needs to be converted into practice. Professional consumption of such evidence may be a barrier to its implementation. Then, effective implementation of evidence-based interventions in clinical practice leans on the understanding of how professionals value attributes when choosing between options for dental care, permitting to guide this implementation process by maximizing strengthens and minimizing barriers related to that. METHODS: This is part of a broader project investigating the potential of incorporating scientific evidence into clinical practice and public policy recommendations and guidelines, identifying strengths and barriers in such an implementation process. The present research protocol comprises a Discrete Choice Experiment (DCE) from the Brazilian oral health professionals' perspective, aiming to assess how different factors are associated with professional decision-making in dental care, including the role of scientific evidence. Different choice sets will be developed, either focusing on understanding the role of scientific evidence in the professional decision-making process or on understanding specific attributes associated with different interventions recently tested in randomized clinical trials and available as newly produced scientific evidence to be used in clinical practice. DISCUSSION: Translating research into practice usually requires time and effort. Shortening this process may be useful for faster incorporation into clinical practice and beneficial to the population. Understanding the context and professionals' decision-making preferences is crucial to designing more effective implementation and/or educational initiatives. Ultimately, we expect to design an efficient implementation strategy that overcomes threats and potential opportunities identified during the DCEs, creating a customized structure for dental professionals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://osf.io/bhncv .


Assuntos
Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Odontopediatria , Criança , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Assistência Odontológica , Brasil
15.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 494, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38671432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current evidence in cariology teaching is not consistently reflected in paediatric dentistry in the United Kingdom (UK). Many dental schools are not consistently teaching biological approaches to caries management, with outdated or complex methods being taught outwith the purview of general dental practitioners. This scoping review aimed to map current guidelines on the management of caries in children and young people. This is part of a work package to inform the consensus and development of a UK-wide caries management curriculum for paediatric dentistry. METHODS: A search of electronic databases for peer reviewed literature was performed using Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via PubMed, TRIP Medical Database and Web of Science. Hand searching was undertaken for grey literature (citations of sources of evidence, websites of global organisations and Google Web Search™ (Google LLC, California, USA). Results from databases were screened independently, concurrently by two reviewers. Full texts were obtained, and reviewers met to discuss any disagreement for both database and hand searching. RESULTS: This review identified 16 guidelines suitable for inclusion. After quality appraisal, eight were selected for synthesis and interpretation. Key themes included the shift towards selective caries removal and avoidance of complete caries removal unless in specific circumstances in anterior teeth. For "early lesions" in primary and permanent teeth with and without cavitation, several guidelines recommend biological management including site specific prevention and fissure sealants. CONCLUSIONS: This review mapping current cariology guidelines for children and young people found gaps in the literature including classification of early carious lesions and management of early cavitated lesions. Areas identified for further exploration include integration of biological caries management into treatment planning, selective caries removal and whether pulpotomy is specialist-level treatment, requiring referral. These results will inform consensus recommendations in the UK, using Delphi methods.


Assuntos
Currículo , Cárie Dentária , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Reino Unido , Criança , Odontopediatria/educação , Adolescente , Educação em Odontologia/normas , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças
16.
J Dent ; 144: 104938, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499280

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Artificial Intelligence has applications such as Large Language Models (LLMs), which simulate human-like conversations. The potential of LLMs in healthcare is not fully evaluated. This pilot study assessed the accuracy and consistency of chatbots and clinicians in answering common questions in pediatric dentistry. METHODS: Two expert pediatric dentists developed thirty true or false questions involving different aspects of pediatric dentistry. Publicly accessible chatbots (Google Bard, ChatGPT4, ChatGPT 3.5, Llama, Sage, Claude 2 100k, Claude-instant, Claude-instant-100k, and Google Palm) were employed to answer the questions (3 independent new conversations). Three groups of clinicians (general dentists, pediatric specialists, and students; n = 20/group) also answered. Responses were graded by two pediatric dentistry faculty members, along with a third independent pediatric dentist. Resulting accuracies (percentage of correct responses) were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA), and post-hoc pairwise group comparisons were corrected using Tukey's HSD method. ACronbach's alpha was calculated to determine consistency. RESULTS: Pediatric dentists were significantly more accurate (mean±SD 96.67 %± 4.3 %) than other clinicians and chatbots (p < 0.001). General dentists (88.0 % ± 6.1 %) also demonstrated significantly higher accuracy than chatbots (p < 0.001), followed by students (80.8 %±6.9 %). ChatGPT showed the highest accuracy (78 %±3 %) among chatbots. All chatbots except ChatGPT3.5 showed acceptable consistency (Cronbach alpha>0.7). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Based on this pilot study, chatbots may be valuable adjuncts for educational purposes and for distributing information to patients. However, they are not yet ready to serve as substitutes for human clinicians in diagnostic decision-making. CONCLUSION: In this pilot study, chatbots showed lower accuracy than dentists. Chatbots may not yet be recommended for clinical pediatric dentistry.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Odontopediatria , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Odontólogos/psicologia , Inteligência Artificial , Comunicação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Criança
18.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(2): 129-135, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548642

RESUMO

In recent years, esthetic expectations have come to the fore in pediatric dentistry, as in every field of dentistry. Therefore, to better meet patients' expectations, the steps taken to determine and improve the current level of knowledge of pediatric dentists on tooth discoloration gain importance. This study aims to measure the knowledge levels of pediatric dentists regarding tooth discoloration. A 33-questioned survey created online was emailed to pediatric dentists between March and December 2021. The first part included four multiple-choice and two open-ended questions regarding demographic characteristics. The second part was to measure the participants' knowledge of tooth discoloration. The last part was to evaluate the clinical approaches of the participants. Participants who agreed to answer all of the questions were included in the study (n = 129). The knowledge levels of the participants were scored according to the accuracy of their answers. The data were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square tests. Of the pediatric dentists who participated in this study, 16.3% had high knowledge, 79.8% had medium knowledge, and 3.9% had insufficient understanding of tooth discoloration. There was no correlation between time since dental school graduation and time spent practicing as a pediatric dentist (p > 0.05). The group with the highest average level of knowledge was the group most frequently encountered with tooth discoloration in the clinic (p ≤ 0.05). On average, pediatric dentists had moderate knowledge of tooth discoloration. The group with the highest average expertise in this field was the group that most frequently encountered and treated tooth discoloration. Information on tooth discoloration due to systemic factors was insufficient. To increase the knowledge level of pediatric dentists about the causes and treatments of tooth discoloration, it may be beneficial to establish training programs during and after specialization education.


Assuntos
Descoloração de Dente , Criança , Humanos , Odontólogos , Odontopediatria , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(1): 45-54, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38449035

RESUMO

Purpose: To survey pediatric dentists in the United States regarding adverse events during dental care for children. Methods: A self-administered, anonymous online survey was sent to American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members (N equals 6,327) using REDCap® software (between October and December 2019). The questionnaire (all items with radio-button numerical categories) included five items surveying pediatric adverse event occurrence and seven demographic items. Annualized occurrences of adverse events in US pediatric dental practices were extrapolated from the data collected. Results: The survey response was 11 percent (n equals 704), with 91 percent of respondents reporting that at least one child experienced an adverse event during dental treatment. The two most prevalent adverse events, each reported by 82 percent of respondents, were self-inflicted trauma to soft tissues after local anesthesia and nausea and vomiting, with annualized estimates of 7,816 and 7,003, respectively. Major adverse events (respiratory depression, cardiovascular depression, neurological damage, death) during pediatric dental treatment were reported by 14 percent of respondents (annualized estimate equals 443). "Wrong" errors (wrong tooth/wrong procedure/wrong patient) were reported by 24 percent of respondents (annualized estimate equals 600). Conclusions: Adverse events during pediatric dental care are of noticeable concern with some (wrong tooth/wrong procedure/wrong patient errors) that can be procedurally mitigated.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local , Odontopediatria , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Criança , Odontólogos , Erros Médicos , Software
20.
Pediatr Dent ; 46(1): 27-35, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38449036

RESUMO

Purpose: To systematically evaluate artificial intelligence applications for diagnostic and treatment planning possibilities in pediatric dentistry. Methods: PubMed®, EMBASE®, Scopus, Web of Science™, IEEE, medRxiv, arXiv, and Google Scholar were searched using specific search queries. The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) checklist was used to assess the risk of bias assessment of the included studies. Results: Based on the initial screening, 33 eligible studies were included (among 3,542). Eleven studies appeared to have low bias risk across all QUADAS-2 domains. Most applications focused on early childhood caries diagnosis and prediction, tooth identification, oral health evaluation, and supernumerary tooth identification. Six studies evaluated AI tools for mesiodens or supernumerary tooth identification on radigraphs, four for primary tooth identification and/or numbering, seven studies to detect caries on radiographs, and 12 to predict early childhood caries. For these four tasks, the reported accuracy of AI varied from 60 percent to 99 percent, sensitivity was from 20 percent to 100 percent, specificity was from 49 percent to 100 percent, F1-score was from 60 percent to 97 percent, and the area-under-the-curve varied from 87 percent to 100 percent. Conclusions: The overall body of evidence regarding artificial intelligence applications in pediatric dentistry does not allow for firm conclusions. For a wide range of applications, AI shows promising accuracy. Future studies should focus on a comparison of AI against the standard of care and employ a set of standardized outcomes and metrics to allow comparison across studies.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Odontopediatria , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Saúde Bucal , Dente Supranumerário
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