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1.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(4 (Supple-4)): S90-S96, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712415

RESUMO

Integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) in orthopaedic within lower-middle-income countries (LMICs) promises landmark improvement in patient care. Delving into specific use cases-fracture detection, spine imaging, bone tumour classification, and joint surgery optimisation-the review illuminates the areas where AI can significantly enhance orthopaedic practices. AI could play a pivotal role in improving diagnoses, enabling early detection, and ultimately enhancing patient outcomes- crucial in regions with constrained healthcare services. Challenges to the integration of AI include financial constraints, shortage of skilled professionals, data limitations, and cultural and ethical considerations. Emphasising AI's collaborative role, it can act as a complementary tool working in tandem with physicians, aiming to address gaps in healthcare access and education. We need continued research and a conscientious approach, envisioning AI as a catalyst for equitable, efficient, and accessible orthopaedic healthcare for patients in LMICs.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Países em Desenvolvimento , Ortopedia , Humanos , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia
2.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e085618, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Domestic violence (DV) is a major problem which despite many efforts persists globally. Victims of DV can present with various injuries, whereof musculoskeletal presentation is common. OBJECTIVES: The DORIS study (Domestic violence in ORthopaedIcS) aimed to establish the annual prevalence of DV at an orthopaedic emergency department (ED) in Sweden. DESIGN: Female adult patients with orthopaedic injuries seeking treatment at a tertiary orthopaedic centre between September 2021 and 2022 were screened during their ED visit. SETTING: This is a single-centre study at a tertiary hospital in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Adult female patients seeking care for acute orthopaedic injuries were eligible for the study. During the study period, 4192 female patients were provided with study forms and 1366 responded (32.5%). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was to establish the annual prevalence of injuries due to DV and second, to establish the rate of current experience of any type of DV. RESULTS: One in 14 had experience of current DV (n=100, 7.5%) and 1 in 65 (n=21, 1.5%) had an injury due to DV. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of DV found in the current study is comparable to international findings and adds to the growing body of evidence that it needs to be considered in clinical practice. It is important to raise awareness of DV, and frame strategies, as healthcare staff have a unique position to identify and offer intervention to DV victims.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Prevalência , Adulto , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Ortopedia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adolescente
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722904

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rotator cuff injuries (RCIs) are incredibly common in the US adult population. Forty-three percent of adults have basic or below-basic literacy levels; nonetheless, patient educational materials (PEMs) are frequently composed at levels exceeding these reading capabilities. This study investigates the readability of PEMs on RCIs published by leading US orthopaedic institutions. METHODS: The top 25 orthopaedic institutions on the 2022 U.S. News & World Report Best Hospitals Specialty Ranking were selected. Readability scores of PEMs related to RCI were calculated using the www.readabilityformulas.com website. RESULTS: Among the 25 analyzed PEM texts, all exceeded the sixth-grade reading level. Only four of 168 scores (2.4%) were below the eighth-grade level. DISCUSSION: This study indicates that PEMs on rotator cuff injuries from top orthopedic institutions are too complex for many Americans, with readability levels ranging from 8.5 to 16th grade, well above the CDC-recommended eighth-grade level. The research highlights a widespread issue with high reading levels across healthcare information and underscores the need for healthcare providers to adopt patient-centered communication strategies to improve comprehension and accessibility. CONCLUSION: PEMs on rotator cuff injuries from leading orthopedic institutions often have a reading level beyond that of many Americans, exceeding guidelines from the NIH and CDC that recommend PEMs be written at an eighth-grade reading level. To increase accessibility, enhance healthcare literacy, and improve patient outcomes, institutions should simplify these materials to meet recommended readability standards.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Letramento em Saúde , Ortopedia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Humanos , Estados Unidos
4.
Stem Cell Reports ; 19(5): 597-603, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701779

RESUMO

In Japan, the Act on Safety of Regenerative Medicine regulates unapproved regenerative medicine. Other nations market regenerative medicine products, bypassing regulatory approval. To identify unapproved orthopedic regenerative medicine, we have used data based on the Act. Platelet-rich plasma was often used. The common target was the knee. Prices averaged $2,490.


Assuntos
Ortopedia , Medicina Regenerativa , Humanos , Japão , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas/metabolismo
8.
Lakartidningen ; 1212024 May 08.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716590

RESUMO

Hip and knee arthroplasties are mostly successful procedures; however, patient injuries may occur and should be reported to Löf, the Swedish patient insurance. This study investigated the incidence of patient injuries after primary total hip and knee arthroplasty in the Swedish regions, differences in incidence depending on annual surgical volume, and types of approved injuries. Approved patient injuries were related to the total number of hip and knee arthroplasties registered in the Swedish Arthroplasty Register 2012-2021. The national incidence was 11.4 and 8.1 per 1,000 hip and knee arthroplasties respectively and varied in the regions from 30.4 to 4.9 and 15.4 to 5.4 per 1,000 hip and knee arthroplasties respectively. Orthopedic departments with higher annual volumes of performed arthroplasties had a lower proportion of patient injuries. Infection was the most common patient injury, followed by nerve lesions and mechanical complications. The differences may be due to underreporting and varying quality of care in the regions. A centralization of hip and knee arthroplasties may be beneficial.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Sistema de Registros , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Ortopedia , Idoso
9.
Mo Med ; 121(2): 164-169, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694601

RESUMO

The use of telemedicine has rapidly expanded in the wake of the COVID pandemic, but its effect on patient attendance remains unknown for different clinicians. This study compared traditional in-clinic visits with telehealth visits by retrospectively reviewing all scheduled orthopaedic clinic visits. Results demonstrated lower rates of cancellations in patients scheduled for telehealth visits as compared to in-clinic visits, during the initial COVID pandemic. In general, physicians can expect a lower cancellation rate than non-physician practitioners.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ortopedia , Telemedicina , Humanos , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ortopedia/estatística & dados numéricos , Agendamento de Consultas , Feminino , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Pacientes não Comparecentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Adulto , Missouri
10.
Bone Joint J ; 106-B(5): 425-429, 2024 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689572

RESUMO

Chondrosarcoma is the second most common surgically treated primary bone sarcoma. Despite a large number of scientific papers in the literature, there is still significant controversy about diagnostics, treatment of the primary tumour, subtypes, and complications. Therefore, consensus on its day-to-day treatment decisions is needed. In January 2024, the Birmingham Orthopaedic Oncology Meeting (BOOM) attempted to gain global consensus from 300 delegates from over 50 countries. The meeting focused on these critical areas and aimed to generate consensus statements based on evidence amalgamation and expert opinion from diverse geographical regions. In parallel, periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) in oncological reconstructions poses unique challenges due to factors such as adjuvant treatments, large exposures, and the complexity of surgery. The meeting debated two-stage revisions, antibiotic prophylaxis, managing acute PJI in patients undergoing chemotherapy, and defining the best strategies for wound management and allograft reconstruction. The objectives of the meeting extended beyond resolving immediate controversies. It sought to foster global collaboration among specialists attending the meeting, and to encourage future research projects to address unsolved dilemmas. By highlighting areas of disagreement and promoting collaborative research endeavours, this initiative aims to enhance treatment standards and potentially improve outcomes for patients globally. This paper sets out some of the controversies and questions that were debated in the meeting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Condrossarcoma , Humanos , Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Condrossarcoma/terapia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/terapia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Reoperação , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Ortopedia , Oncologia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing use of "hype" language (eg, language overstating research impact) has been documented in the scientific community. Evaluating language in abstracts is important because readers may use abstracts to extrapolate findings to entire publications. Our purpose was to assess the frequency of hype language within orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: One hundred thirty-nine hype adjectives were previously identified using a linguistics approach. All publicly available abstracts from 18 orthopaedic surgery journals between 1985 and 2020 were obtained, and hype adjectives were tabulated. Change in frequency of these adjectives was calculated. RESULTS: A total of 112,916 abstracts were identified. 67.0% (948/1414) of abstracts in 1985 contained hype adjectives, compared with 92.5% (5287/5714) in 2020. The average number of hype adjectives per abstract increased by 136% (1.1 to 2.6). Of the 139 adjectives, 87 (62.5%) increased in frequency and 40 (28.7%) decreased in frequency while 12 (9%) were not used. The hype adjectives with the largest absolute increases in frequency were quality (+324wpm), significant (+320wpm), systematic (+246wpm), top (+239wpm), and international (+201wpm). The five hype adjectives with the largest relative increases in frequency were novel (+10500%), international (+2850%), urgent (+2600%), robust (+2300%), and emerging (+1400%). CONCLUSION: Promotional language is increasing in orthopaedic surgery abstracts. Authors, editors, and reviewers should seek to minimize the usage of nonobjective language.


Assuntos
Idioma , Ortopedia , Humanos , Indexação e Redação de Resumos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgery has consistently remained one of the least diverse specialties in medicine. There are limited data on the match rate by sex into orthopaedic fellowships. PURPOSE: The goals of this study were to determine (1) how the percentage of women applying to orthopaedic fellowships has changed from 2011 to 2021, (2) whether there was a correlation between sex and the likelihood of a successful fellowship match, and (3) which subspecialties tend to have a greater proportion of female applicants and fellows. METHODS: The San Francisco (SF) Match service was used to obtain US orthopaedic fellowship applicant data from 2010 to 2021. San Francisco Match has run the match for the orthopaedic fellowship match since 2010. International medical graduates' applications, incomplete applications, or withdrawn applications were excluded. The following variables were collected and assessed: sex, subspecialty choice (except for hand because they do not use SF Match services), and match outcome. The number of female applicants and matches was recorded by year and compared with the number of male applicants and matches. Chi-square analysis was used to analyze categorical variables. RESULTS: A total of 6969 applicants to all orthopaedic specialties within SF Match were included during the study period. Overall, 859 were female (12.3%), and 6110 were male (87.7%). The number of female applicants had an increasing trend over the 10-year period from 65 applicants in 2011 to 111 in 2021. The overall proportion of female applicants was between 10.1% and 14.4%. The annual match rate for female applicants was 90.7% to 100% during the study period while the match rate for male applicants was 93.7% to 97.3%. Regarding successful matches, pediatrics had the highest proportion of women (range: 30.2% to 46.2%), followed by foot and ankle (range: 9.8% to 26.4%). Spine (range: 3.2 to 10.9%) and adult reconstruction (range: 3.9% to 9%) had the least number of women among matched applicants. DISCUSSION: This study found that the number of female applicants to orthopaedic fellowships has increased over the past 10 years. The difference in fellowship match rates among male versus female applicants did not statistically differ during this 10-year period; however, the proportion of female fellows is not equally distributed among subspecialties, with a higher proportion of women matching into pediatrics and foot and ankle and lower proportion in reconstruction and spine. These data can provide a benchmark for department chairs and society leadership to ensure they are recruiting, interviewing, and selecting candidates who are representative of the current sex demographics of orthopaedic fellowship graduates.


Assuntos
Bolsas de Estudo , Ortopedia , Médicas , Humanos , Feminino , Ortopedia/educação , Masculino , Médicas/tendências , Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Internato e Residência , Escolha da Profissão , Estados Unidos
15.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 213, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The application of lower limb traction during hip arthroscopy and femur fractures osteosynthesis is commonplace in orthopaedic surgeries. Traditional methods utilize a perineal post on a traction table, leading to soft tissue damage and nerve neuropraxia. A postless technique, using high-friction pads, has been considered as a potential damage-free alternative. However, whether these pads sufficiently prevent patient displacement remains unknown. Thus, this study systematically assesses the efficacy of commercial high-friction pads (PinkPad and CarePad) in restraining subject displacement, for progressively increasing traction loads and different Trendelenburg angles. METHODS: Three healthy male subjects were recruited and tested in supine and Trendelenburg positions (5° and 10°), using a customized boot-pulley system. Ten load disks (5 kg) were dropped at 15s intervals, increasing gradually the traction load up to 50 kg. Pelvis displacement along the traction direction was measured with a motion capture system. The displacement at 50 kg of traction load was analyzed and compared across various pads and bed inclinations. Response to varying traction loads was statistically assessed with a quadratic function model. RESULTS: Pelvis displacement at 50 kg traction load was below 60 mm for all conditions. Comparing PinkPad and CarePad, no significant differences in displacement were observed. Finally, similar displacements were observed for the supine and Trendelenburg positions. CONCLUSIONS: Both PinkPad and CarePad exhibited nearly linear behavior under increasing traction loads, limiting displacement to 60 mm at most for 50 kg loads. Contrary to expectations, placing subjects in the Trendelenburg position did not increase adhesion.


Assuntos
Ortopedia , Humanos , Masculino , Tração/métodos , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Pelve , Fixação Interna de Fraturas
16.
Arch Osteoporos ; 19(1): 24, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565791

RESUMO

A survey of awareness and attitudes to the management of fragility fractures among the membership of the Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association conducted in 2022 found considerable variation in care across the region. A Call to Action is proposed to improve acute care, rehabilitation and secondary fracture prevention across Asia Pacific. PURPOSE: Fragility fractures impose a substantial burden on older people and their families, healthcare systems and national economies. The current incidence of hip and other fragility fractures across the Asia Pacific region is enormous and set to escalate rapidly in the coming decades. This publication describes findings of a survey of awareness and attitudes to the management of fragility fractures among the membership of the Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association (APOA) conducted in 2022. METHODS: The survey was developed as a collaboration between the Asia Pacific Osteoporosis and Fragility Fracture Society and the Asia Pacific Fragility Fracture Alliance, and included questions relating to aspects of care upon presentation, during surgery and mobilisation, secondary fracture prevention, and access to specific services. RESULTS: In total, 521 APOA members completed the survey and marked variation in delivery of care was evident. Notable findings included: Fifty-nine percent of respondents indicated that analgesia was routinely initiated in transit (by paramedics) or within 30 minutes of arrival in the Emergency Department. One-quarter of respondents stated that more than 80% of their patients underwent surgery within 48 hours of admission. One-third of respondents considered non-hip, non-vertebral fractures to merit assessment of future fracture risk. One-third of respondents reported the presence of an Orthogeriatric Service in their hospital, and less than a quarter reported the presence of a Fracture Liaison Service. CONCLUSION: A Call to Action for all National Orthopaedic Associations affiliated with APOA is proposed to improve the care of fragility fracture patients across the region.


Assuntos
Ortopedia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Humanos , Idoso , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Ásia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Apolipoproteínas A
17.
S Afr J Surg ; 62(1): 7-13, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, medical institutes have seen an increase in female graduates, however surgical disciplines remain male-dominated. An epidemiological shift towards non-communicable diseases and trauma may result in a shortage of surgical specialists. One strategy to improve the surgical workforce is the recruitment of female graduates. METHODS: A non-validated questionnaire was administered to females registered for the Master of Medicine (MMED) degree in General and Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) between 2000 and 2015. The study evaluated reasons for choice of surgery as a career, challenges faced on the domestic and work front, as well as factors that assisted with successful completion of training. RESULTS: Seventy-two female trainees in General Surgery and Orthopaedics were identified from the UKZN databases. The contact details for 62 of these trainees were available. The overall response rate was 71.0% (44/62). A total of 95.5% (42/44) of participants selected surgery due to a passion for the field. Major challenges identified were a poor home and work-life balance (72.1%, 31/43) and poor working conditions (62.8%, 27/43). Female trainees perceived that they were viewed as inferior by patients (65.9%, 29/44). Successful trainees had a good home support system (89.3%, 25/28) and mentorship during training (60.7%, 17/28), and 85.7% (24/28) did not regret their career choice. CONCLUSION: The recruitment and retention of females in surgery will contribute to maintaining an adequate surgical workforce. Training programmes need to improve work-life balance without compromising on producing competent surgeons. Improved visibility of female surgeons in leadership roles should be encouraged to promote mentorship and recruitment of trainees.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Ortopedia , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , África do Sul , Escolha da Profissão , Bases de Dados Factuais
18.
JBJS Rev ; 12(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619394

RESUMO

¼ Identification of malnourished and at-risk patients should be a standardized part of the preoperative evaluation process for every patient.¼ Malnourishment is defined as a disorder of energy, protein, and nutrients based on the presence of insufficient energy intake, weight loss, muscle atrophy, loss of subcutaneous fat, localized or generalized fluid accumulation, or diminished functional status.¼ Malnutrition has been associated with worse outcomes postoperatively across a variety of orthopaedic procedures because malnourished patients do not have a robust metabolic reserve available for recovery after surgery.¼ Screening assessment and basic laboratory studies may indicate patients' nutritional risk; however, laboratory values are often not specific for malnutrition, necessitating the use of prognostic screening tools.¼ Nutrition consultation and perioperative supplementation with amino acids and micronutrients are 2 readily available interventions that orthopaedic surgeons can select for malnourished patients.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Ortopedia , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Suplementos Nutricionais
19.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300662, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630758

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility and validity of machine learning models in determining causality in medical malpractice cases and to try to increase the scientificity and reliability of identification opinions. METHODS: We collected 13,245 written judgments from PKULAW.COM, a public database. 963 cases were included after the initial screening. 21 medical and ten patient factors were selected as characteristic variables by summarising previous literature and cases. Random Forest, eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) and Light Gradient Boosting Machine (LightGBM) were used to establish prediction models of causality for the two data sets, respectively. Finally, the optimal model is obtained by hyperparameter tuning of the six models. RESULTS: We built three real data set models and three virtual data set models by three algorithms, and their confusion matrices differed. XGBoost performed best in the real data set, with a model accuracy of 66%. In the virtual data set, the performance of XGBoost and LightGBM was basically the same, and the model accuracy rate was 80%. The overall accuracy of external verification was 72.7%. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal model of this study is expected to predict the causality accurately.


Assuntos
Imperícia , Ortopedia , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , China , Aprendizado de Máquina
20.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e076107, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guideline (CPG) developers conduct systematic summaries of research evidence, providing them great capacity and ability to identify research priorities. We systematically analysed the reporting form and content of research priorities in CPGs related to knee osteoarthritis (KOA) to provide a valuable reference for guideline developers and clinicians. DESIGN: A methodological literature analysis was done and the characteristics of the reporting form and the content of the research priorities identified in KOA CPGs were summarised. DATA SOURCES: Six databases (PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, Wanfang and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database) were searched for CPGs published from 1 January 2017 to 4 December 2022. The official websites of 40 authoritative orthopaedic societies, rheumatology societies and guideline development organisations were additionally searched. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We included all KOA CPGs published in English or Chinese from 1 January 2017 that included at least one recommendation for KOA. We excluded duplicate publications, older versions of CPGs as well as guidance documents for guideline development. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Reviewers worked in pairs and independently screened and extracted the data. Descriptive statistics were used, and absolute frequencies and proportions of related items were calculated. RESULTS: 187 research priorities reported in 41 KOA CPGs were identified. 24 CPGs reported research priorities, of which 17 (41.5%) presented overall research priorities for the entire guideline rather than for specific recommendations. 110 (58.8%) research priorities were put forward due to lack of evidence. Meanwhile, more than 70% of the research priorities reflected the P (population) and I (intervention) structural elements, with 135 (72.2%) and 146 (78.1%), respectively. More than half of the research priorities (118, 63.8%) revolved around evaluating the efficacy of interventions. Research priorities primarily focused on physical activity (32, 17.3%), physical therapy (30, 16.2%), surgical therapy (27, 14.6%) and pharmacological treatment (26, 14.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Research priorities reported in KOA CPGs mainly focused on evaluating non-pharmacological interventions. There exists considerable room for improvement for a comprehensive and standardised generation and reporting of research priorities in KOA CPGs.


Assuntos
Ortopedia , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Publicações , Pesquisa , Bases de Dados Factuais
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