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1.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 7643487, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529263

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the application effect of deep learning model combined with different magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences in the evaluation of cartilage injury of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Specifically, an image superresolution algorithm based on an improved multiscale wide residual network model was proposed and compared with the single-shot multibox detector (SSD) algorithm, superresolution convolutional neural network (SRCNN) algorithm, and enhanced deep superresolution (EDSR) algorithm. Meanwhile, 104 patients with KOA diagnosed with cartilage injury were selected as the research subjects and underwent MRI scans, and the diagnostic performance of different MRI sequences was analyzed using arthroscopic results as the gold standard. It was found that the image reconstructed by the model in this study was clear enough, with minimum noise and artifacts, and the overall quality was better than that processed by other algorithms. Arthroscopic analysis found that grade I and grade II lesions concentrated on patella (26) and femoral trochlear (15). In addition to involving the patella and femoral trochlea, grade III and grade IV lesions gradually developed into the medial and lateral articular cartilage. The 3D-DS-WE sequence was found to be the best sequence for diagnosing KOA injury, with high diagnostic accuracy of over 95% in grade IV lesions. The consistency test showed that the 3D-DESS-WE sequence and T2∗ mapping sequence had a strong consistency with the results of arthroscopy, and the Kappa consistency test values were 0.748 and 0.682, respectively. In conclusion, MRI based on deep learning could clearly show the cartilage lesions of KOA. Of different MRI sequences, 3D-DS-WE sequence and T2∗ mapping sequence showed the best diagnosis results for different degrees of KOA injury.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Aprendizado Profundo , Traumatismos do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia
2.
Reumatismo ; 74(1)2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506320

RESUMO

The aim of this narrative review is to discuss the results of studies investigating the role of physical activity in knee osteoarthritis (OA). We also formulated two evidence-based exercise programs that could be prescribed to patients with symptomatic knee OA or after joint replacement. The PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched for articles related to knee OA and physical activity. A total of 86 papers written in English and published from 1957 to 2021 were selected. Adapted physical activity, even at high intensity, does not appear to trigger or exacerbate knee OA; on the contrary, it may prevent obesity or lower limb muscle weakness, both of which are considered predisposing factors for the disease. In patients already diagnosed with knee OA, scientific evidence suggests that both land-based and aquatic activities combining aerobics, strength, and endurance programs are safe and effective. Physical interventions tailored to the patient may also accelerate recovery time after knee arthroplasty. Knee OA is a painful and disabling rheumatic disease that is very common in the elderly population. Pharmacotherapy has a modest effect in controlling disease progression, possibly due to the still limited understanding of OA pathogenesis. Non-pharmacologic interventions, including dietary and lifestyle changes and physical activity, may be more effective and safer than drugs in preventing or treating knee OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/etiologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/prevenção & controle
3.
Bone Joint J ; 104-B(5): 604-612, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491577

RESUMO

AIMS: Intraoperative pressure sensors allow surgeons to quantify soft-tissue balance during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study was to determine whether using sensors to achieve soft-tissue balance was more effective than manual balancing in improving outcomes in TKA. METHODS: A multicentre randomized trial compared the outcomes of sensor balancing (SB) with manual balancing (MB) in 250 patients (285 TKAs). The primary outcome measure was the mean difference in the four Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score subscales (ΔKOOS4) in the two groups, comparing the preoperative and two-year scores. Secondary outcomes included intraoperative balance data, additional patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), and functional measures. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in ΔKOOS4 between the two groups at two years (mean difference 0.4 points (95% confidence interval (CI) -4.6 to 5.4); p = 0.869), and multiple regression found that SB was not associated with a significant ΔKOOS4 (0.2-point increase (95% CI -5.1 to 4.6); p = 0.924). There were no significant differences between groups in other PROMs. Six-minute walking distance was significantly increased in the SB group (mean difference 29 metres; p = 0.015). Four-times as many TKAs were unbalanced in the MB group (36.8% MB vs 9.4% SB; p < 0.001). Irrespective of group assignment, no differences were found in any PROM when increasing ICPD thresholds defined balance. CONCLUSION: Despite improved quantitative soft-tissue balance, the use of sensors intraoperatively did not differentially improve the clinical or functional outcomes two years after TKA. These results question whether a more precisely balanced TKA that is guided by sensor data, and often achieved by more balancing interventions, will ultimately have a significant effect on clinical outcomes. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2022;104-B(5):604-612.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 413, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite numerous scientific investigations, the tribological advantages of mobile bearing inserts have not been sustainably confirmed or refuted for modern knee prostheses in clinical studies. The purpose of this study was to compare fixed and mobile bearing inserts in order to draw conclusions regarding clinical benefits. METHODS: The present prospective single center cohort study of 2 non-randomized stratified groups consisted of 67 patients. All included patients received cemented total knee arthroplasty (Attune®) due to osteoarthritis. 34 patients were treated with a mobile and 33 patients with a fixed insert. The WOMAC score and the Visual Analogue Scale was used for the subjective assessment of success, while the Knee-Society-Score was used considering the Range of Motion for the objective assessment. The subjective and the clinical scores showed improvements for both compared groups postoperatively at 2 years of minimum follow-up. RESULTS: The overall postoperative results of the WOMAC score, the Knee-Society-Score and the Visual Analogue Scale presented no statistically difference between the compared groups (p > 0,05). The postoperative ROM showed a superior improvement of 13.2° ± 18.4° in the mobile-bearing group versus 4.9° ± 18.4° (p = 0.017) in the fixed-bearing group. The flexion of the knee joint was 114° ± 10.1° for the mobile-bearings and 109.2° ± 7.2° for fixed bearings (p = 0.012). CONCLUSION: According to the findings, both inserts showed overall promising postoperative results, in terms of objective as well as subjective parameters, without clinically relevant significant differences, except for ROM, which was superior in the mobile bearing group. The present clinical trial has been registered at the ISRCTN registry with the reverence number ISRCTN15117998 on 04/04/2022.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
5.
Sports Med Arthrosc Rev ; 30(2): 87-91, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533059

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intense sporting activity and certain types of work increase the risk of early osteoarthritis (OA). OA can be idiopathic or associated to certain predisposing factors: female sex, obesity, history of joint injury, and joint overuse. The role of gender among the active population as a predisposing factor for OA is not well clear. This study investigated whether the risk of OA changes with age in both sexes in physically active individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines 2020. PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and Web of Science databases were accessed in April 2021. No time constrains were used for the search. All the published clinical studies reporting data about relationship between physical activity and OA were included. RESULTS: Data from 7 articles were retrieved including 360,053 patients (271,903 males; 88,150 females). The mean age was 48.2±16.7 years. Males, under the age of 60 had a higher risk of developing OA. People undertaking intense physical activity, such as professional athletes or heavy workers, are more prone to develop early OA. CONCLUSION: Physically active males demonstrated a higher risk of developing OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Osteoartrite , Esportes , Adulto , Atletas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/etiologia
6.
Sports Med Arthrosc Rev ; 30(2): 97-101, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533061

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Whether sport participation is a risk factor for osteoarthritis (OA) development or progression is controversial. Mechanical overload, injuries, genetics, and acquired disorders concur to the onset of OA, with high variability between sports and participants. This study investigated the association between participation in specific sports and the risk of developing knee and hip OA in athletes at different ages. We hypothesized that young athletes who are exposed to high levels of physical activities have a greater risk of developing OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. PubMed, Google scholar, EMABSE, and Web of Science were accessed in October 2021. No time constrains were used for the search. All the published clinical studies reporting data about relationship between physical activity, OA, and age were included. RESULTS: The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale resulted in a final score ≥7 for all studies, attesting good quality of the methodological assessment. Data from 27,364 patients were retrieved. The mean age was 48.2±16.7 years. In all, 21.8% were women. CONCLUSIONS: Our systematic review suggests an association between high levels of physical activities and knee and hip OA in men younger than 50 years. People who practice intense physical activity, such as professional athletes or heavy workers, are more prone to develop early-onset OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Esportes , Adulto , Atletas , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/complicações , Osteoartrite do Quadril/etiologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/etiologia
7.
Sports Med Arthrosc Rev ; 30(2): 102-110, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533062

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis of the knee generally affects individuals from the fifth decade, the typical age of middle-age athletes. In the early stages, management is conservative and multidisciplinary. It is advisable to avoid sports with high risk of trauma, but it is important that patients continue to be physically active. Conservative management offers several options; however, it is unclear which ones are really useful. This narrative review briefly reports the conservative options for which there is no evidence of effectiveness, or there is only evidence of short-term effectiveness.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Esportes , Atletas , Humanos , Joelho , Articulação do Joelho , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia
8.
Sports Med Arthrosc Rev ; 30(2): 111-116, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533064

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The present study investigated the type of sport and activity level of athletes before they underwent knee and/or hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis (OA), and compared them with a control group of subjects who did not undergo knee and hip arthroplasty. We hypothesed athletes exposed to high physical loads during sports had the highest risk of developing OA requiring arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. All the comparative clinical trials to August 2021 investigating the sport activity level between subjects who underwent arthroplasty versus those who did not undergo arthroplasty for OA were considered. RESULTS: Data from 5 studies and 3638 patients were collected. The mean age for both groups was 47.61±15.5 years, and the mean body mass index was 24.6±2.1 kg/m2 17.6% were women. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale attested good quality of the methodology of the investigations included in the present study. CONCLUSION: Intense physical exercise, implying a high cumulative number of hours of exercise which can lead to excessive joint overload, in both sexes is associated with greater likelihood of early knee and hip OA which may lead to prosthetic surgery. Moderate and recreational exposure to sport has minor degenerative effects, and is not associated with early onset OA requiring arthroplasty.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Adulto , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia
9.
J Korean Med Sci ; 37(18): e148, 2022 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the use of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors as an initial drug treatment for knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients. METHODS: From 2013 to 2015, patients with knee OA were identified from the Korean nationwide claims database. Among them, we extracted incident cases of knee OA to identify the initial drug treatment. Trends in the use of non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including COX-2 inhibitors were analyzed during the first year after their diagnosis. Associated factors for COX-2 inhibitor use were examined using a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: We identified 2,857,999 incident knee OA patients (955,259 in 2013, 981,314 in 2014, and 921,426 in 2015). The mean ± standard deviation age of patients was 64.2 ± 9.8 years. The frequency of COX-2 inhibitor use as initial treatment increased from 3.5% in 2013 to 7.2% in 2015 (P < 0.01). In patients taking the medication regularly for one year after diagnosis (medication possession ratio ≥ 50%), COX-2 inhibitor use also rapidly increased from 5.5% in 2013 to 11.1% in 2015 (P < 0.01). However, the frequencies of non-selective NSAID and analgesic use did not decrease remarkably. Factors associated with patients using COX-2 inhibitors on initial drug treatment were older age (odds ratio [OR], 1.08), female (OR, 1.24), and comorbidity (OR, 1.03). Type of institution, physician speciality, and insurance type of patients were also associated. CONCLUSION: In Korea, COX-2 inhibitors have rapidly increased as an initial treatment for knee OA patients, but it has not appeared to reduce the use of non-selective NSAIDs and analgesics.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , República da Coreia
10.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 258, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have given some pieces of evidence for the effect of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on knee proprioception of patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but their results were conflicting. This review was performed to provide an updated evidence-based meta-analysis investigating the influence of TKA on knee proprioception. METHODS: The electronic databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library were accessed from their inception to March 2020. Two reviewers identified the studies that met the selection criteria for this review. Information on study type, participants, follow-up time, and outcome measures was extracted. Methodological quality was independently assessed by two reviewers using the Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0. Eleven studies with 475 participants were included in the meta-analysis. RESULTS: The I2 index assessed the heterogeneity between studies. The results showed that the pooled standard mean difference of mean angle of error was - 0.58° (95% CI - 1 to - 0.16; P = 0.007; I2 = 69%), and the joint position sense of KOA patients was better after TKA surgery than that before surgery. Pooled standard mean difference of displacement of center of pressure (COP) was - 0.39 (95% CI - 0.72 to - 0.06; P = 0.02; I2 = 51%), and KOA patients had better static balance after TKA surgery than before surgery. CONCLUSIONS: To conclude, no standardized comprehensive evaluation protocol presently exists though different assessment tools are available to measure proprioception. Contrasting results were found in the literature since some studies found that TKA improves proprioception in KOA patients, while others found no difference in proprioception. These differences are seen whether the proprioception was assessed by joint position sense (JPS), or it was indirectly assessed by static balance. However, the lack of sufficient data on the threshold to detect passive movement (TTDPM) and dynamic balance made it difficult to draw a conclusion about whether or not the sense of motion improved after surgery. The method for measuring and evaluating knee joint force sense is worth paying attention, which will make progress with knee proprioception on TKA patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Propriocepção
11.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 257, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intramedullary (IM) femoral alignment instrument is imprecise for the coronal alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with severe lateral bowing of the femur, while the extramedullary (EM) alignment system does not depend on the structure of the femoral medullary cavity. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the accuracy of postoperative limb alignment with the two femoral alignment techniques for patients with severe coronal femoral bowing. METHODS: From January 2017 to December 2019, patients with end-stage knee osteoarthritis and coronal femoral bowing angle (cFBA) ≥ 5° who underwent total knee arthroplasty TKA at our institution were enrolled in the study. The postoperative hip-knee-ankle (HKA) alignment, femoral and tibial component alignment between the IM group and the EM group were compared on 5° ≤ cFBA < 10° and cFBA ≥ 10°. RESULTS: In patients with 5° ≤ cFBA < 10°, no significant differences were observed in the EM group and IM group, including preoperative and postoperative parameters. However, when analyzing the patients with cFBA ≥ 10°, we found a significant difference in postoperative HKA (4.51° in the IM group vs. 2.23°in the EM group, p < 0.001), femoral component alignment angle (86.84° in the IM group vs. 88.46° in the EM group, p = 0.001) and tibial component alignment angle (88.69° in the IM group vs. 89.81° in the EM group, p = 0.003) between the two groups. Compared to the EM group, the IM group presents a higher rate of outliers for the postoperative HKA and femoral components. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that severe lateral bowing of the femur has an important influence on the postoperative alignment with the IM femoral cutting system. In this case, the application of EM cutting system in TKA will perform accurate distal femoral resection and optimize the alignment of lower limb and the femoral component.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Genu Varum , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Genu Varum/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia
12.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267877, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511876

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate differences in psychological characteristics between people with knee osteoarthritis (OA) from Japan and Australia. Sixty-two adults from Japan and 168 adults from Australia aged over 50 years with knee pain were included. Japanese data were collected from patients with knee OA diagnosed by medical doctors. Australian data were baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Participants were not exercising regularly or receiving physiotherapy at the time. Psychological characteristics evaluated were depressive symptoms, fear of movement, and pain catastrophizing. These psychological characteristics were compared between the Japanese and Australian cohorts by calculating 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for difference of the mean. To test for equivalence, an equivalence margin was set at 0.5 standard deviations (SD) of the mean, where these SDs were based on the Australian data. When the 95%CI for the difference of the mean value lay entirely within the range of equivalence margin (i.e. between -0.5 and 0.5 times the Australian SD), the outcome was considered equivalent. There were no differences between the groups from Japan and Australia for depressive symptoms and the two groups were considered equivalent. There was no difference between groups for fear of movement, however the criteria for equivalence was not met. People from Japan with knee OA had higher scores for pain catastrophizing than people from Australia. The findings should be confirmed in other samples of people with knee OA from Japan and Australia due to the limitations of the participant recruitment strategy in this study. However, our findings suggest there may be a greater need to consider pain catastrophizing and build pain self-efficacy when managing Japanese people with knee OA. Implementation of international clinical practice guidelines for OA management may require different strategies in different countries due to different psychological profiles.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Japão , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Dor/psicologia
13.
Acta Orthop Belg ; 88(1): 47-52, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512154

RESUMO

Literature into the short-term follow-up of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a handheld image- free robotic system are scarce. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) between patients operated for TKA with an image- free robotic system (robot group) or conventionally TKA (conventional group) 2 years postoperatively. A total of 147 patients were evaluated after TKA, respectively 73 in the robot and 74 in conventional group. Outcome measures included adverse events (AEs), hospital readmission rate, patient satisfaction and the following PROMs: Pain Visual Analogue Score (VAS), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Forgotten Joint Score Knee (FJS-12) and the EuroQOL-5D (EQ-5D). There were no statistically significant differences in the number of AEs; 8 (10.8%) in the conventional group versus 7 (9.7%) in the robot group. The FJS (p ≤ 0.05) and OKS (p ≤ 0.05) differed statistically in favour of the robot group. The EQ-5D and EQ-5D VAS did not statistically differed between the groups (p=0.231 and p=0.373 respectively). The VAS pain improved statically significant in both groups when comparing the pre- and postoperative values (5.8 points). Patients operated with a handheld image-free robotic system have the ability to forget their artificial knee joint in everyday life as measured with the FJS-12 at short-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor/etiologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos
14.
Acta Orthop Belg ; 88(1): 61-71, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512156

RESUMO

Several competing concepts of anteroposterior stabilization have been developed for total knee arthroplasty (TKA), with an overall great success despite some differences in terms of clinical or radiological outcomes. The CORIN KneeTec DeepDish TM is a novel mobile-bearing implant, stabilized with an ultra-congruent deep-dish poly- ethylene insert. The aim of the present study was to report clinical and radiological outcomes of a series of patients who received the KneeTec DeepDish TM after a follow-up of 12 months, and to compare them to those of a comparable series of patients who received the STRYKER Triathlon ® posterior- stabilized. This was a retrospective comparative cohort study (level of evidence III). Demographic data, radiographic data and range of motion (ROM), as well the International Knee Society score and Oxford Knee Score were collected pre-operatively, and after a follow-up of 12 months. 106 KneeTec DeepDish TM and 80 Triathlon ® PS were evaluated at follow-up. Patients who received the KneeTec DeepDish TM had significant improvement in ROM, radiographic and clinical outcomes. There were no significant differences between the cohorts in terms of ROM, radiographic and clinical outcomes, as well as antero-posterior stability. This study is the first to report the 12-month outcomes of the CORIN KneeTec DeepDish TM. The novel KneeTec DeepDish TM achieved comparable ROM, radiographic and clinical outcomes to the Triathlon ® PS after 12 months. Further studies will be necessary to evaluate the mid- to long-term outcomes of the KneeTec DeepDish TM .


Assuntos
Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Estudos de Coortes , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Polietileno , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Serina Endopeptidases
15.
Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am ; 30(2): 277-291, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512890

RESUMO

Knee synovitis is a common, but nonspecific finding on MR imaging in patients with knee pain, with causes ranging from post-traumatic and osteoarthritis to inflammatory and infectious causes. Synovial thickening, joint effusion, and synovial enhancement are present across the spectrum of etiologies and do not allow differentiation between them in most instances. This article reviews synovial physiology and MR imaging of the normal synovium and synovitis, with discussion of specific pathologies and limited signs that suggest one diagnosis over another. Intravenous contrast is helpful across the spectrum of pathologies to distinguish joint fluid from synovial proliferation.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Sinovite , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Dor , Membrana Sinovial/diagnóstico por imagem , Membrana Sinovial/patologia , Sinovite/diagnóstico por imagem , Sinovite/etiologia
16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 418, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the serum inflammatory indicators and radiographic results of conventional manual total knee arthroplasty (CM-TKA) with those of MAKO-robotic assisted total knee arthroplasty (MA-TKA). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 65 patients with knee osteoarthritis who underwent unilateral TKA from December 2020 to November 2021 in our department, which included 34 patients who underwent MA-TKA and 31 patients who underwent CM-TKA. The tourniquet time and estimated blood loss (EBL) were compared between the two groups. Knee function was evaluated using range of motion (ROM), functional score and pain score. Leukocytes, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), interleukin-6 (IL-6), creatine kinase (CK), and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were recorded at 3 time points (preoperative, and on the first and third postoperative days). The hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) and the femoral and tibial component angles in the coronal and sagittal planes were used for postoperative radiographic evaluation. RESULTS: The postoperative MA-TKA group had less EBL (496.9 ± 257.8 vs. 773.0 ± 301.3 ml, p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in knee function scores at 6 weeks postoperatively (p > 0.05). IL-6 levels were significantly lower in the MA-TKA group on the 1st postoperative day (11.4 (5.2, 21.0) vs. 24.6 (86.3, 170.8), p = 0.031). This difference in inflammatory indices became more pronounced at 72 hours after the operation because CRP, ESR, IL-6, and CK values were significantly lower in the MA-TKA group on the 3rd postoperative day (72 h) (p < 0.05). Postoperative radiographic examinations performed 2 days after the MA-TKA group suggested that only 2 cases of HKA had outlier values, which was remarkably better than the 12 cases found in the CM-TKA group (5.9% vs. 38.7%, p < 0.001). The frontal femoral component was significantly closer to the expected value of 90° in the MA-TKA group (90.9 (90.5, 92.3) vs. 92.4 (91.3, 93.7), p = 0.031). The remaining imaging evaluation parameters were not significantly different between the two groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese patients with OA, there was a milder systemic inflammatory response in the early postoperative period after MA-TKA compared to that of CM-TKA, as well as better radiographic outcomes. However, the tourniquet time was prolonged, and no advantages were observed in terms of functional score or pain score in the short-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , China , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico por imagem , Interleucina-6 , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Arthroscopy ; 38(5): 1555-1556, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501020

RESUMO

The long-term results of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) depend mainly on postoperative alignment. However, under- or overcorrection can occur during and after surgery. Biomechanically, excessive overcorrection after HTO can potentially lead to unfavorable knee kinematics and increased shear stress at the joint surface. Fine tuning of the medial soft tissue during open wedge HTO is necessary for a satisfactory limb alignment.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Tíbia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Radiografia , Tíbia/cirurgia
18.
Orthop Surg ; 14(5): 789-806, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35509153

RESUMO

Unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis (UKOA) is the early stage of knee joint degeneration, which is characterized by unicompartmental degeneration and mostly occurs in medial compartment. Pain and limited motion are main symptoms, which affect patients' life quality. Periarticular knee osteotomy (PKO) for lower extremity alignment correction is an effective treatment for UKOA with abnormal alignment, which could relieve pain and improve joint function by adjusting lower extremity alignment. At present, no clinical guidelines are available for the treatment of UKOA by PKO for lower extremity alignment correction. Experts from the Clinical New Technology Application Committee of the Chinese Hospital Association, Joint Surgery Study Group of the Chinese Orthopaedic Association of the Chinese Medical Association, and Osteoarthritis Study Group of the Chinese Association of Orthopaedic Surgeons of the Chinese Medical Doctor Association formulated these guidelines. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) grading system and the Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare (RIGHT) were adopted to select 25 most concerning questions. Finally, 25 recommendations were formulated through evidence retrieval, evidence quality evaluation, and the determination of directions and strength of recommendations. Recommendation items 1-5 are indications and contraindications for PKO for lower extremity alignment correction, items 6-21 are surgical methods and principles, item 22 describes 3D printing corrective osteotomy technique, and items 23-25 address the perioperative period, follow-up management, and other content. These guidelines are designed to improve the normalization and standardization of KOA treatment by PKO for lower extremity alignment correction.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , China , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Dor , Tíbia
19.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7243, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508687

RESUMO

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent type of OA, and Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) may lead to the pathogenesis of OA. Recently, X-linked TLR7 polymorphism has been confirmed to be associated with arthritis. However, there is a lack of studies on TLR7 gene polymorphism associated with knee OA susceptibility. The current study aimed to determine whether TLR7 gene polymorphism is associated with the risk of knee OA. Genotyping of two polymorphic sites (rs3853839 and rs179010) in the TLR7 gene was performed in 252 OA patients, and 265 healthy controls using the SNaPshot sequencing technique. Data were analyzed statistically by Chi-square tests and logistic regression. Rs3853839-C allele showed frequencies of 28% and 27% in the healthy control and female knee OA groups, respectively. The differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The rs3853839-CG genotype frequency was significantly lower in the female knee OA group as compared to the healthy control group (OR 0.60; 95%CI 0.36-0.99; P = 0.044). In the male hemizygote population, the rs3853839-CC showed significantly lower frequencies in the male knee OA group as compared to the healthy control group (OR 0.35; 95%CI 0.17-0.71; P = 0.0025). Regarding rs179010, there were no differences in the genotype distribution and allele frequencies between OA patients and healthy subjects under any models (P > 0.05). Stratified analysis showed that the frequency of the rs3853839-CG genotypes was lower in high Kellgren-Lawrence grades (KLG) (OR 0.48; 95%CI 0.21-1.08; P = 0.066), and significantly lower in OA patients with effusion synovitis (OR 0.38; 95%CI 0.17-0.88; P = 0.013). TLR7 rs3853839 polymorphism may play a role in the susceptibility of knee OA in the Chinese Han Population and may be associated with OA severity and the risk of effusion synovitis in Knee OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Sinovite , Receptor 7 Toll-Like , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptor 7 Toll-Like/genética
20.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0267446, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476842

RESUMO

The patellofemoral compartment of the knee is the most frequently affected by osteoarthritis. However, there is a lack of biomechanics studies on patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA). This study's purpose was to compare the frontal plane biomechanics of the trunk and lower limb during the single-leg squat and isometric hip abductor torque in individuals with isolated PFOA and controls. Frontal plane kinematics during the single-leg squat were evaluated using a three-dimensional (3-D) motion analysis system. Isometric hip abductor torque was determined using a handheld dynamometer. Twenty individuals participated in the study (10 with PFOA and 10 controls). No significant differences between groups were found regarding age (mean ± SD, PFOA group = 51.8 ± 6.9 versus control group = 47.8 ± 5.5; mean difference = 4, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -1.9 to 9.9, p = 0.20) or body mass index (PFOA group = 27.6 ± 2.2 versus control group = 25.5 ± 2.5; mean difference = 2.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.1 to 4.3, p = 0.06). Compared to control, the PFOA group presented greater hip adduction in the descending and ascending phases of the single-leg squat at 45° (mean difference [95% CI] = 6.44° [0.39-12.48°], p = 0.04; mean difference [95% CI] = 5.33° [0.24-10.42°], p = 0.045, respectively) and 60° (mean difference [95% CI] = 8.44° [2.15-14.73°], p = 0.01; mean difference [95% CI] = 7.58° [2.1-13.06°], p = 0.009, respectively) of knee flexion. No significant differences between groups were found for the frontal plane kinematics of the trunk, pelvis or knee (p > 0.05). The PFOA group exhibited lower isometric hip abductor torque (mean difference [95% CI] = -0.34 Nm/kg [-0.67 to -0.01 Nm/kg], p = 0.04). The individuals with PFOA presented greater hip adduction than the control group, which could increase lateral patellofemoral joint stress at 45° and 60° of knee flexion in the descending and ascending phases of the single-leg squat. These individuals also exhibited hip abductor weakness in comparison to healthy controls.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro) , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Força Muscular
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