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1.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 284, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the variations in clinical effectiveness among patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis who underwent intra-articular administration of platelet-rich plasma using single, triple, or quintuple injections. METHODS: One hundred twenty patients with grade I-III knee osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to three groups: PRP1 group, who received a single injection of platelet-rich plasma; PRP3 group, who received three PRP injections one week apart; PRP5 group, who received five PRP injections one week apart. The patients' conditions were evaluated using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index-VA3.1 version (WOMAC-VA3.1) at baseline and 6, 12, 24, and 52 weeks 52 weeks follow up. RESULTS: Out of the total participants, 106 patients (30 males and 76 females) completed the study. The primary outcome measure, WOMAC pain score, registered significant improvements across all groups when compared to pre-treatment levels. However, the application of 3 and 5 injections of platelet-rich plasma was substantially more effective than that of a single injection in reducing knee pain and stiffness, as well as enhancing physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. No statistically discernable difference was observed between PRP3 and PRP5 at all follow-up intervals, and there was no discernable difference between 3 and 5 PRP injections either. Mild side effects occurred in all three groups. CONCLUSIONS: The administration of three or five injections of platelet-rich plasma is safe, substantially more effective than single injections, and leads to remarkable clinical improvement by significantly reducing knee pain, improving joint stiffness, and enhancing physical function in patients with grade I-III knee osteoarthritis. Furthermore, no significant difference was observed in the efficacy of three or five injections. Therefore, we recommend using three injections of PRP in the treatment of patients with knee osteoarthritis of grade I-III.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Medição da Dor , Seguimentos
2.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e080795, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore people's views of recovery from total knee replacement (TKR) and which recovery domains they felt were important. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews exploring the views of individuals about to undergo or who have undergone TKR. A constant-comparative approach with thematic analysis was used to identify themes. The process of sampling, collecting data and analysis were continuous and iterative throughout the study, with interviews ceasing once thematic saturation was achieved. SETTING: Tertiary care centre. PARTICIPANTS: A purposive sample was used to account for variables including pre, early or late postoperative status. RESULTS: 12 participants were interviewed, 4 who were preoperative, 4 early postoperative and 4 late postoperative. Themes of pain, function, fear of complications, awareness of the artificial knee joint and return to work were identified. Subthemes of balancing acute and chronic pain were identified. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this interview-based study identify pain and function, in particular mobility, that were universally important to those undergoing TKR. Surgeons should consider exploring these domains when taking informed consent to enhance shared decision-making. Researchers should consider these recovery domains when designing interventional studies.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Artroplastia do Joelho/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retorno ao Trabalho , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia
3.
J Med Case Rep ; 18(1): 242, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724965

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although viscosupplementation is a commonly used treatment for osteoarthritis and is widely regarded as a safe treatment option, it is associated with the rare complication of pseudoseptic arthritis. Most existing case reports that cite this rare complication employed the use of early broad-spectrum antibiotics. CASE PRESENTATION: In this case report, we present a 61-year-old African American female patient who presented with bilateral knee pseudoseptic arthritis in the setting of viscosupplementation. She presented 3 days after bilateral viscosupplementation injections with bilateral knee swelling, discomfort, and pain with micromotion. Her white blood cell count (WBC) was 12.83 (4.5-11 normal), her C-reactive protein (CRP) level was 159 mg/L (0-10 normal), and her erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was 79 mm/hour (0-40 normal). Her left knee aspirate yielded 38,580 WBC with a negative gram stain and negative cultures. Her right knee aspirate yielded 29,670 WBC with a negative gram stain and negative cultures. Through the utilization of careful clinical monitoring, ice therapy, and non-steroidal inflammatory medication, we were able to successfully treat this patient while maintaining proper antibiotic stewardship. CONCLUSION: Pseudoseptic arthritis in the setting of viscosupplementation can be adequately treated and monitored without the use of antibiotics.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Viscossuplementação , Articulação do Joelho , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 331, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of neuropathic pain (NP) is one of the reasons why the pain is difficult to treat, and microglial activation plays an important role in NP. Recently, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has emerged as a novel therapeutic method for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). However, it's unclarified whether PRP has analgesic effects on NP induced by KOA and the underlying mechanisms unknown. PURPOSE: To observe the analgesic effects of PRP on NP induced by KOA and explore the potential mechanisms of PRP in alleviating NP. METHODS: KOA was induced in male rats with intra-articular injections of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) on day 0. The rats received PRP or NS (normal saline) treatment at days 15, 17, and 19 after modeling. The Von Frey and Hargreaves tests were applied to assess the pain-related behaviors at different time points. After euthanizing the rats with deep anesthesia at days 28 and 42, the corresponding tissues were taken for subsequent experiments. The expression of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and ionized-calcium-binding adapter molecule-1(Iba-1) in the spinal dorsal horn (SDH) was detected by immunohistochemical staining. In addition, the knee histological assessment was performed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. RESULTS: The results indicated that injection of MIA induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia, which could be reversed by PRP treatment. PRP downregulated the expression of ATF3 within the DRG and Iba-1 within the SDH. Furthermore, an inhibitory effect on cartilage degeneration was observed in the MIA + PRP group only on day 28. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that PRP intra-articular injection therapy may be a potential therapeutic agent for relieving NP induced by KOA. This effect could be attributed to downregulation of microglial activation and reduction in nerve injury.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo , Microglia , Neuralgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Animais , Masculino , Neuralgia/terapia , Neuralgia/metabolismo , Microglia/metabolismo , Ratos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Fator 3 Ativador da Transcrição/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Ácido Iodoacético/toxicidade , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos
5.
Cells ; 13(9)2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727286

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to review the current literature regarding the effects of intra-articularly applied, fat-derived orthobiologics (FDO) in the treatment of primary knee osteoarthritis over a mid-term follow-up period. A systematic literature search was conducted on the online databases of Scopus, PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library. Studies investigating intra-articularly applied FDO with a minimum number of 10 knee osteoarthritis patients, a follow-up period of at least 2 years, and at least 1 reported functional parameter (pain level or Patient-Reported Outcome Measures) were included. Exclusion criteria encompassed focal chondral defects and techniques including additional arthroscopic bone marrow stimulation. In 28 of 29 studies, FDO showed a subjective improvement in symptoms (pain and Patient-Reported Outcome Measures) up to a maximum follow-up of 7.2 years. Radiographic cartilage regeneration up to 3 years postoperatively, as well as macroscopic cartilage regeneration investigated via second-look arthroscopy, may corroborate the favorable clinical findings in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The methodological heterogeneity in FDO treatments leads to variations in cell composition and represents a limitation in the current state of knowledge. However, this systematic review suggests that FDO injection leads to beneficial mid-term results including symptom reduction and preservation of the affected joint in knee osteoarthritis patients.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Transplante Autólogo , Tecido Adiposo , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(19): e38168, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Supplementation with leucine-enriched essential amino acids (LEAAs) has shown efficacy in the recovery of muscle injury and activation of muscle synthesis. Muscle function in knee osteoarthritis is a crucial factor for managing pain and preserving ambulatory function. However, the efficacy and safety of LEAAs supplementation in patients with knee osteoarthritis have not been evaluated. METHODS: In this prospective analysis, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of supplementation with 12 g of LEAAs daily for 8 weeks in knee-symptomatic osteoarthritis patients. For assessing the efficacy, clinical pain, calf circumference, and disability were assessed using questionnaires (visual analog scale, Knee Society Score, and 36-item short form survey [SF-36]), laboratory analyses (total protein and albumin), and radiologic study (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [DEXA]) for muscle and bone density. To evaluate safety, generalized or localized protein allergic reactions, complete blood count, liver and kidney function, and serum glucose were measured. RESULTS: Sixty-five participants, categorized into the experimental (n = 32) and control (n = 33) groups, were included in this 8-week trial from March 2022 to July 2022. A significantly higher efficacy was observed in the experimental group than in the control group, as indicated by muscle density in the DEXA scan (P = .001) and SF-36 (P < .001). The safety evaluation revealed no related generalized or local protein allergy. Hematological findings, serum glucose, and kidney and liver toxicity were not significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSION: Supplementation with leucine-enriched proteins is safe and efficacious in the improvement of muscle density and quality of life.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos Essenciais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Leucina , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Feminino , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Leucina/uso terapêutico , Leucina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aminoácidos Essenciais/uso terapêutico , Aminoácidos Essenciais/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Idoso , Resultado do Tratamento , Medição da Dor
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(19): e38065, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728521

RESUMO

Knee varus (KV) deformity leads to abnormal forces in the different compartments of the joint cavity and abnormal mechanical loading thus leading to knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This study used computer-aided design to create 3-dimensional simulation models of KOA with varying varus angles to analyze stress distribution within the knee joint cavity using finite element analysis for different varus KOA models and to compare intra-articular loads among these models. Additionally, we developed a cartilage loading model of static KV deformity to correlate with dynamic clinical cases of cartilage injury. Different KV angle models were accurately simulated with computer-aided design, and the KV angles were divided into (0°, 3°, 6°, 9°, 12°, 15°, and 18°) 7 knee models, and then processed with finite element software, and the Von-Mises stress distribution and peak values of the cartilage of the femoral condyles, medial tibial plateau, and lateral plateau were obtained by simulating the human body weight in axial loading while performing the static extension position. Finally, intraoperative endoscopy visualization of cartilage injuries in clinical cases corresponding to KV deformity subgroups was combined to find cartilage loading and injury correlations. With increasing varus angle, there was a significant increase in lower limb mechanical axial inward excursion and peak Von-Mises stress in the medial interstitial compartment. Analysis of patients' clinical data demonstrated a significant correlation between varus deformity angle and cartilage damage in the knee, medial plateau, and patellofemoral intercompartment. Larger varus deformity angles could be associated with higher medial cartilage stress loads and increased cartilage damage in the corresponding peak stress area. When the varus angle exceeds 6°, there is an increased risk of cartilage damage, emphasizing the importance of early surgical correction to prevent further deformity and restore knee function.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Articulação do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Mecânico , Feminino , Simulação por Computador , Idoso
8.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 379, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biomarkers that predict the treatment response in patients with knee osteoarthritis are scarce. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of synovial fluid cell counts and their ratios as biomarkers of primary knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This retrospective study investigated 96 consecutive knee osteoarthritis patients with knee effusion who underwent joint fluid aspiration analysis and received concomitant intra-articular corticosteroid injections and blood tests. The monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were calculated. After 6 months of treatment, patients were divided into two groups: the responder group showing symptom resolution, defined by a visual analog scale (VAS) score of ≤ 3, without additional treatment, and the non-responder group showing residual symptoms, defined by a VAS score of > 3 and requiring further intervention, such as additional medication, repeated injections, or surgical treatment. Unpaired t-tests and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted between the two groups to predict treatment response after conservative treatment. The predictive value was calculated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, and the optimal cutoff value was determined. RESULTS: Synovial fluid MLR was significantly higher in the non-responder group compared to the responder group (1.86 ± 1.64 vs. 1.11 ± 1.37, respectively; p = 0.02). After accounting for confounding variables, odds ratio of non-responder due to increased MLR were 1.63 (95% confidence interval: 1.11-2.39). The optimal MLR cutoff value for predicting patient response to conservative treatment was 0.941. CONCLUSIONS: MLR may be a potential biomarker for predicting the response to conservative treatment in patients with primary knee osteoarthritis.


Assuntos
Tratamento Conservador , Linfócitos , Monócitos , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Líquido Sinovial , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Líquido Sinovial/citologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Resultado do Tratamento , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Contagem de Leucócitos
9.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 152, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study explored the optimal time interval between staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty (BTKA) to minimize early complications of the second TKA and maximise the long-term function of the first and second knees. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 266 patients who underwent staged BTKA between 2013 and 2018. Groups 1-4 had time intervals between BTKAs of 1-6, 6-12, 12-18, and 18-24 months, respectively. Demographics, postoperative complications within 90 days of the second TKA, Knee Society Score (KSS), and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) score were compared among the groups. RESULTS: In total, 54, 96, 75, and 41 patients were assigned to groups 1-4, respectively. Although group 1 had the highest overall complication rate (11.11%), there was no significant difference in the complication rate among the four groups. Also, no significant differences were found among the four groups in functional and patient-reported outcomes, in either the first or second knee at 5 years postoperatively, including KSS-knee, KSS-function, WOMAC-pain, WOMAC-stiffness, and WOMAC-physical function. The interval between BTKA did not influence complications or the function of the second knee. The TKA type (posterior-stabilised vs. medial-pivot) and age did not correlate significantly with any scores. CONCLUSIONS: There was no group difference in early complications of the second TKA, and postoperative function was equivalent between the two knees and did not vary by the interval between surgeries. The results of this study give surgeons and patients more choices. If patients cannot tolerate severe symptoms in the contralateral knee after the first TKA, the second TKA should be performed as early as possible. If knee joint function is not well recovered after the first TKA, and patients are anxious to undergo the second TKA, surgeons can advise patients to postpone the operation based on these results.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Idoso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(9): e18319, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38742846

RESUMO

Knee osteoarthritis (KOA), a major health and economic problem facing older adults worldwide, is a degenerative joint disease. Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. (GC) plays an integral role in many classic Chinese medicine prescriptions for treating knee osteoarthritis. Still, the role of GC in treating KOA is unclear. To explore the pharmacological mechanism of GC against KOA, UPLC-Q-TOF/MS was conducted to detect the main compounds in GC. The therapeutic effect of GC on DMM-induced osteoarthritic mice was assessed by histomorphology, µCT, behavioural tests, and immunohistochemical staining. Network pharmacology and molecular docking were used to predict the potential targets of GC against KOA. The predicted results were verified by immunohistochemical staining Animal experiments showed that GC had a protective effect on DMM-induced KOA, mainly in the improvement of movement disorders, subchondral bone sclerosis and cartilage damage. A variety of flavonoids and triterpenoids were detected in GC via UPLC-Q-TOF/MS, such as Naringenin. Seven core targets (JUN, MAPK3, MAPK1, AKT1, TP53, RELA and STAT3) and three main pathways (IL-17, NF-κB and TNF signalling pathways) were discovered through network pharmacology analysis that closely related to inflammatory response. Interestingly, molecular docking results showed that the active ingredient Naringenin had a good binding effect on anti-inflammatory-related proteins. In the verification experiment, after the intervention of GC, the expression levels of pp65 and F4/80 inflammatory indicators in the knee joint of KOA model mice were significantly downregulated. GC could improve the inflammatory environment in DMM-induced osteoarthritic mice thus alleviating the physiological structure and dysfunction of the knee joint. GC might play an important role in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.


Assuntos
Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Animais , Glycyrrhiza uralensis/química , Camundongos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/metabolismo , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Masculino , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
11.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302707, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713653

RESUMO

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a prevalent, debilitating joint condition primarily affecting the elderly. This investigation aims to develop an electromyography (EMG)-based method for diagnosing knee pathologies. EMG signals of the muscles surrounding the knee joint were examined and recorded. The principal components of the proposed method were preprocessing, high-order spectral analysis (HOSA), and diagnosis/recognition through deep learning. EMG signals from individuals with normal and OA knees while walking were extracted from a publicly available database. This examination focused on the quadriceps femoris, the medial gastrocnemius, the rectus femoris, the semitendinosus, and the vastus medialis. Filtration and rectification were utilized beforehand to eradicate noise and smooth EMG signals. Signals' higher-order spectra were analyzed with HOSA to obtain information about nonlinear interactions and phase coupling. Initially, the bicoherence representation of EMG signals was devised. The resulting images were fed into a deep-learning system for identification and analysis. A deep learning algorithm using adapted ResNet101 CNN model examined the images to determine whether the EMG signals were conventional or indicative of knee osteoarthritis. The validated test results demonstrated high accuracy and robust metrics, indicating that the proposed method is effective. The medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscle was able to distinguish Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients from normal with 96.3±1.7% accuracy and 0.994±0.008 AUC. MG has the highest prediction accuracy of KOA and can be used as the muscle of interest in future analysis. Despite the proposed method's superiority, some limitations still require special consideration and will be addressed in future research.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Eletromiografia , Articulação do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Eletromiografia/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Feminino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Algoritmos , Adulto , Idoso
12.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 34(5): 610-613, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the presence of preoperative subchondral bone marrow oedema (SBME) is associated with inferior outcomes after lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (LUKA). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of the Study: Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chongqing Orthopaedic Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chongqing, China, from January 2019 to June 2022. METHODOLOGY: Data on patients treated with LUKA were obtained from the Medical Registry Database. Two groups were made based on the presence and absence of SBME on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The visual analogue scale (VAS), American Knee Society Scores (AKSS), and rate of patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 20 patients treated with LUKA were reviewed. The SBME was present in 9 cases and absent in 11 cases. Patients with SBME had inferior scores at preoperative evaluation and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively. However, there was no significant difference between the groups at the 12-month follow-up. Eight (88.9%) patients with SBME were satisfied with the LUKA surgery versus 9 (81.8%) patients without SBME, showing no significant differences between groups. CONCLUSION: Presence of preoperative SBME is associated with inferior functional outcomes after LUKA within six months of follow-up. KEY WORDS: Bone marrow, Oedema, Knee, Arthroplasty, Outcome, Patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Doenças da Medula Óssea , Edema , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Edema/etiologia , Idoso , Doenças da Medula Óssea/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Satisfação do Paciente , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Período Pré-Operatório , Medula Óssea/patologia , China/epidemiologia
13.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 283, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The disparity in patient-reported outcomes between total knee arthroplasty (TKA) following high tibial osteotomy (HTO) and primary TKA has yet to be fully comprehended. This study aims to compare the patient-reported outcomes, radiological parameters and complication rates between TKA following HTO and primary TKA. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who underwent TKA following lateral closing-wedge HTO were compared to a matched group of primary TKA at postoperative 6-months and 1-year. Between-group confounders of age, gender, smoking status, Body Mass index, preoperative Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) pain in rest, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score-Physical function Shortform (KOOS-PS), EuroQol five-dimensional (EQ-5D) overall health score, and Oxford Knee Score (OKS) were balanced by propensity score matching. Patient-reported outcome measures were NRS pain in rest, KOOS-PS, EQ-5D overall health score, and OKS. Radiological parameters were femorotibial angle, medial proximal tibial angle, anatomical lateral distal femoral angle, posterior tibial slope, and patellar height assessed by Insall-Salvati ratio. The complication rates of TKA were compared between the two groups. The HTO survival time, the choice of staple removal before or during TKA in patients who underwent TKA following HTO patients, and the rate of patellar resurfacing were assessed. The p value < 0.0125 indicates statistical significance after Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, no significant between-group differences in the patient-reported outcome measures, radiographical parameters and complication rates were found (p > 0.0125). In the TKA following HTO group, with an average HTO survival time of 8.7 years, staples were removed before TKA in 46 patients (71%) and during TKA in 19 patients, and 11 cases (17%) had patella resurfacing. In the primary TKA group, 15 cases (23%) had patella resurfacing. CONCLUSION: The short-term assessment of TKA following HTO indicates outcomes similar to primary TKA. A previous HTO does not impact the early results of subsequent TKA, suggesting that the previous HTO has minimal influence on TKA outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III, cohort study.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteotomia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Pontuação de Propensão , Tíbia , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Feminino , Osteotomia/métodos , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Br J Nurs ; 33(9): 418-423, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722014

RESUMO

Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in Ireland with knee osteoarthritis the most common presentation. One in five women and one in 10 men over the age of 60 in Ireland are diagnosed with osteoarthritis. The causative factors are multifactorial, but the increasing incidence of obesity is contributing greatly to the occurrence of osteoarthritis of the weight-bearing joints. The rheumatology advanced nurse practitioner is an autonomous clinical practitioner and potential solution to the growing numbers of people needing interventions for osteoarthritis, due to their ability to assess, diagnose, treat, and discharge these patients who ordinarily would be assessed from a medical waiting list. As obesity is becoming increasingly prevalent, it is important to address this with the patient cohort to try to reduce the burden of disease and treat not only the symptomatic knee osteoarthritis but the causative factors and provide patient-centred care.


Assuntos
Profissionais de Enfermagem , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Obesidade , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/enfermagem , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/enfermagem , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Reumatologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prática Avançada de Enfermagem
15.
Jt Dis Relat Surg ; 35(2): 330-339, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727112

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study aims to investigate the relationship between the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) muscle distal insertion features and patellar chondral lesion presence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 100 patients (18 males, 82 females, mean age 67.2±7.1 years; range, 50 to 86 years) who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Radiological assessments, including merchant view and standing orthoroentgenograms, were conducted. The current osteoarthritis stage, varus angle, quadriceps angle (Q angle), patella-patellar tendon angle (P-PT angle), congruence angle, and sulcus angle were calculated. The VMO tendon length, muscle fiber angle, tendon insertion width measurements, and patellar chondral lesion localization data were obtained intraoperatively. Grouping was done according to the distal insertion width of the VMO tendon to the medial edge of the patella. The medial rim of the patella was divided into three equal-sized sectors. The first group (Group 1, n=31) consisted of patients who had an insertion from the quadriceps tendon into the upper one-third of the patella. The second group (Group 1, n=48) consisted of patients with a distal insertion expanding into the middle one-third of the patella. The third group (Group 3, n=21) consisted of patients who had a distal insertion extending into the distal third region of the medial patella margin. The patella joint surface was divided into sectors, and the presence and location of cartilage lesions were noted in detail. RESULTS: The mean tendon insertion width rate was 45.99±16.886% (range, 16.7 to 83.3%). The mean muscle fiber insertion angle was 51.85±11.67º (range, 20º to 80º). The mean tendon length was 12.45±3.289 (range, 4 to 20) mm. There was no significant difference between the mean age, weight, height, body mass index, BMI, fiber angle, tendon length, varus angle, Q angle, sulcus angle, and congruence angle data among the groups. In terms of the P-PT angle, Groups 1 and 2 had a significant relationship (p=0.008). No relationship was found between the mean fiber insertion angle, mean tendon length, or the presence of chondral lesions. There was a statistically significant difference among the groups regarding the presence of chondral lesions. The highest percentage of chondral lesion frequency was observed in Group 3 (95.24%), followed by Group 1 (90.3%) and Group 2 (89.6%), respectively. Compared to the other two groups, Group 3 had a higher average ratio of lesion areas per patient. CONCLUSION: Our study results demonstrate that the formation and localization of the patellar chondral lesions are affected by the insertion width type of the VMO muscle into the patella. Group 2-type insertion is associated with a lower lesion frequency rate than Groups 1 and 3.


Assuntos
Patela , Músculo Quadríceps , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Músculo Quadríceps/patologia , Músculo Quadríceps/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Patela/patologia , Patela/diagnóstico por imagem , Patela/anatomia & histologia , Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/patologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Jt Dis Relat Surg ; 35(2): 422-432, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727124

RESUMO

Distal femoral varus osteotomy (DFVO) is a widely recognized surgical procedure used to address valgus malalignment in patients with knee joint disorders. However, it still remains unclear whether anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can be performed in a single procedure along with DFVO. Herein, we present a 73-year-old female patient who developed lateral osteoarthritis of the knee with valgus alignment due to chronic ACL deficiency following a twisting injury during skiing. She was physiologically very active, and strongly demanded to return to sports. We performed a combined procedure involving a medial closing wedge DFVO using an anatomical locking plate, along with double-bundle ACL reconstruction. The postoperative radiograph confirmed successful correction of knee alignment, specifically achieving varus alignment with precise conformance of the anatomical plate to the medial contour of the distal femur following the osteotomy. The patient resumed her previous sports activities without experiencing knee pain. The operated knee demonstrated restored anterior stability, as indicated by negative Lachman test results, and regained full range of motion. Both the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score and the 2011 Knee Society score demonstrated continuous postoperative improvements over the three-year follow-up period, indicating positive functional outcomes and joint preservation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of medial closing wedge DFVO with anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction in the symptomatic femoral valgus deformity with chronic ACL deficiency in the literature.


Assuntos
Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Fêmur , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Osteotomia , Humanos , Feminino , Osteotomia/métodos , Idoso , Fêmur/cirurgia , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/anormalidades , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
17.
Jt Dis Relat Surg ; 35(2): 396-403, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the functional outcomes of patients undergoing fixed-bearing medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) classified as either varus or neutral based on their postoperative femorotibial angle (FTA), with the goal of evaluating the impact of FTA on functional results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 38 knees of 35 patients (27 females, 8 males; mean age: 63.6±7.1 years; range, 52 to 75 years) were included in this retrospective study. The data was collected between December 15, 2020, and January 15, 2021. Patients were categorized into two groups based on their postoperative FTA. The neutral group consisted of patients with an FTA range of 5.1° to 7.4°, while the varus group included patients with an FTA range of 0.1° to 4.8°. Knee Outcome Osteoarthritis Score (KOOS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores, sit to stand test results, and six minute walk test data were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 42.0±19.3 months. The postoperative VAS score for the varus group was 0.95±0.99, whereas the neutral group had a VAS score of 2.19±1.83 (p=0.021). The mean KOOS for the varus group was 88.01±7.88, whereas the neutral group had a mean KOOS score of 78.46±13.69 (p=0.006). CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing UKA, mild varus alignment could yield superior early and midterm functional outcomes compared to a neutral femorotibial angle.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Fêmur , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento , Tíbia/cirurgia , Prótese do Joelho , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(8): 3154-3164, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708474

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies' results on the impact of preoperative balance training on postoperative functional recovery after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) appeared to be ambiguous. Thus, this systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to investigate the effects of preoperative balance training on walking ability, balance-specific performance, and other functional indicators in elderly patients post-TKA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient data were obtained from databases including PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Scopus. The inclusion criteria followed the Population-Intervention-Comparison-Outcome (PICO) principle. The assessment process involved meticulous screening, judicious data extraction, and rigorous evaluation of trial method quality, conducted by two independent researchers. Based on standardized mean differences and 95% confidence intervals, meta-analysis was performed employing a random-effects model or fixed-effects model. RESULTS: Preoperative balance training appears to be a potentially effective intervention for enhancing the knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients' knee joint function (RR = 1.16, 95% CI: -2.58, 4.91), isometric knee flexion (RR = 2.49, 95% CI: -2.53, 7.50), knee extension (RR = -0.13, 95% CI: -0.45, 0.18), knee society score (KSS) (RR = 2.18, 95% CI: -1.51, 5.88), stair test (RR = -0.73, 95% CI: -1.84, 0.37), and timed up and go (RR = -1.18, 95% CI: -1.60, -0.76). CONCLUSIONS: Compared to interventions with less emphasis on balance training, rehabilitation programs highly emphasizing balance training significantly enhance the walking ability, balance specificity, and functional indicators of elderly patients post-TKA. This includes rehabilitation programs for senior TKA patients, with a focus on activities meant to improve the sensory system, balance in particular.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Equilíbrio Postural , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/reabilitação
20.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1362012, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698846

RESUMO

Objectives: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and certain inflammatory cytokines (such as interleukin 1 [IL-1] and tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-a]) are related; however, the causal relationship remains unclear. Here, we aimed to assess the causal relationship between 41 inflammatory cytokines and KOA using Mendelian randomization (MR). Methods: Two-sample bidirectional MR was performed using genetic variation data for 41 inflammatory cytokines that were obtained from European Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) data (n=8293). KOA-related genetic association data were also obtained from European GWAS data (n=40,3124). Inverse variance weighting (IVW), MR, heterogeneity, sensitivity, and multiple validation analyses were performed. Results: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) or colony-stimulating factor 3 (CSF-3) levels were negatively associated with the risk of developing KOA (OR: 0.93, 95%CI:0.89-0.99, P=0.015). Additionally, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1A/CCL3) was a consequence of KOA (OR: 0.72, 95%CI:0.54-0.97, P=0.032). No causal relationship was evident between other inflammatory cytokines and KOA development. Conclusion: This study suggests that certain inflammatory cytokines may be associated with KOA etiology. G-CSF exerts an upstream influence on KOA development, whereas MIP-1A (CCL-3) acts as a downstream factor.


Assuntos
Citocinas , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Humanos , Quimiocina CCL3/genética , Quimiocina CCL3/sangue , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/sangue , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Osteoartrite do Joelho/genética
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