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1.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 22(1): 153, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is characterized by an imbalance in bone homeostasis, resulting in the excessive dissolution of bone minerals due to the acidified microenvironment mediated by overactive osteoclasts. Oroxylin A (ORO), a natural flavonoid, has shown potential in reversing osteoporosis by inhibiting osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. The limited water solubility and lack of targeting specificity hinder the effective accumulation of Oroxylin A within the pathological environment of osteoporosis. RESULTS: Osteoclasts' microenvironment-responsive nanoparticles are prepared by incorporating Oroxylin A with amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC) and coated with glutamic acid hexapeptide-modified phospholipids, aiming at reinforcing the drug delivery efficiency as well as therapeutic effect. The obtained smart nanoparticles, coined as OAPLG, could instantly neutralize acid and release Oroxylin A in the extracellular microenvironment of osteoclasts. The combination of Oroxylin A and ACC synergistically inhibits osteoclast formation and activity, leading to a significant reversal of systemic bone loss in the ovariectomized mice model. CONCLUSION: The work highlights an intelligent nanoplatform based on ACC for spatiotemporally controlled release of lipophilic drugs, and illustrates prominent therapeutic promise against osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Osteoporose , Camundongos , Animais , Osteoclastos , Nanomedicina , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Diferenciação Celular
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8109, 2024 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582757

RESUMO

Bone resorption is highly dependent on the dynamic rearrangement of the osteoclast actin cytoskeleton to allow formation of actin rings and a functional ruffled border. Hem1 is a hematopoietic-specific subunit of the WAVE-complex which regulates actin polymerization and is crucial for lamellipodia formation in hematopoietic cell types. However, its role in osteoclast differentiation and function is still unknown. Here, we show that although the absence of Hem1 promotes osteoclastogenesis, the ability of Hem1-/- osteoclasts to degrade bone was severely impaired. Global as well as osteoclast-specific deletion of Hem1 in vivo revealed increased femoral trabecular bone mass despite elevated numbers of osteoclasts in vivo. We found that the resorption defect derived from the morphological distortion of the actin-rich sealing zone and ruffled border deformation in Hem1-deficient osteoclasts leading to impaired vesicle transport and increased intracellular acidification. Collectively, our data identify Hem1 as a yet unknown key player in bone remodeling by regulating ruffled border formation and consequently the resorptive capacity of osteoclasts.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Osteoclastos , Humanos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Actinas/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Osteogênese
3.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1168323, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566990

RESUMO

Background: Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are heterogeneous immature myeloid cells with immunosuppressive functions. It is known that MDSCs are expanded at inflammatory sites after migrating from bone marrow (BM) or spleen (Sp). In chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), previous reports indicate that MDSCs are increased in BM and Sp, but detailed analysis of MDSCs in inflamed joints is very limited. Objective: The purpose of this study is to characterize the MDSCs in the joints of mice with autoimmune arthritis. Methods: We sorted CD11b+Gr1+ cells from joints (Jo), bone marrow (BM) and spleen (Sp) of SKG mice with zymosan (Zym)-induced arthritis and investigated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) by microarray analysis. Based on the identified DEGs, we assessed the suppressive function of CD11b+Gr1+ cells from each organ and their ability to differentiate into osteoclasts. Results: We identified MDSCs as CD11b+Gr1+ cells by flow cytometry and morphological analysis. Microarray analysis revealed that Jo-CD11b+Gr1+ cells had different characteristics compared with BM-CD11b+Gr1+ cells or Sp-CD11b+Gr1+ cells. Microarray and qPCR analysis showed that Jo-CD11b+Gr1+ cells strongly expressed immunosuppressive DEGs (Pdl1, Arg1, Egr2 and Egr3). Jo-CD11b+Gr1+ cells significantly suppressed CD4+ T cell proliferation and differentiation in vitro, which confirmed Jo-CD11b+Gr1+ cells as MDSCs. Microarray analysis also revealed that Jo-MDSCs strongly expressed DEGs of the NF-κB non-canonical pathway (Nfkb2 and Relb), which is relevant for osteoclast differentiation. In fact, Jo-MDSCs differentiated into osteoclasts in vitro and they had bone resorptive function. In addition, intra-articular injection of Jo-MDSCs promoted bone destruction. Conclusions: Jo-MDSCs possess a potential to differentiate into osteoclasts which promote bone resorption in inflamed joints, while they are immunosuppressive in vitro.


Assuntos
Artrite , Reabsorção Óssea , Células Supressoras Mieloides , Camundongos , Animais , Osteoclastos , Células Mieloides , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Artrite/metabolismo
4.
J Med Virol ; 96(4): e29597, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587211

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in the loss of millions of lives, although a majority of those infected have managed to survive. Consequently, a set of outcomes, identified as long COVID, is now emerging. While the primary target of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the respiratory system, the impact of COVID-19 extends to various body parts, including the bone. This study aims to investigate the effects of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection on osteoclastogenesis, utilizing both ancestral and Omicron viral strains. Monocyte-derived macrophages, which serve as precursors to osteoclasts, were exposed to both viral variants. However, the infection proved abortive, even though ACE2 receptor expression increased postinfection, with no significant impact on cellular viability and redox balance. Both SARS-CoV-2 strains heightened osteoclast formation in a dose-dependent manner, as well as CD51/61 expression and bone resorptive ability. Notably, SARS-CoV-2 induced early pro-inflammatory M1 macrophage polarization, shifting toward an M2-like profile. Osteoclastogenesis-related genes (RANK, NFATc1, DC-STAMP, MMP9) were upregulated, and surprisingly, SARS-CoV-2 variants promoted RANKL-independent osteoclast formation. This thorough investigation illuminates the intricate interplay between SARS-CoV-2 and osteoclast precursors, suggesting potential implications for bone homeostasis and opening new avenues for therapeutic exploration in COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Osteoclastos , Humanos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Síndrome Pós-COVID-19 Aguda , COVID-19/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2 , Diferenciação Celular
5.
J Vis Exp ; (205)2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587386

RESUMO

This protocol details the propagation and passaging of human iPSCs and their differentiation into osteoclasts. First, iPSCs are dissociated into a single-cell suspension for further use in embryoid body induction. Following mesodermal induction, embryoid bodies undergo hematopoietic differentiation, producing a floating hematopoietic cell population. Subsequently, the harvested hematopoietic cells undergo a macrophage colony-stimulating factor maturation step and, finally, osteoclast differentiation. After osteoclast differentiation, osteoclasts are characterized by staining for TRAP in conjunction with a methyl green nuclear stain. Osteoclasts are observed as multinucleated, TRAP+ polykaryons. Their identification can be further supported by Cathepsin K staining. Bone and mineral resorption assays allow for functional characterization, confirming the identity of bona fide osteoclasts. This protocol demonstrates a robust and versatile method to differentiate human osteoclasts from iPSCs and allows for easy adoption in applications requiring large quantities of functional human osteoclasts. Applications in the areas of bone research, cancer research, tissue engineering, and endoprosthesis research could be envisioned.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Humanos , Osteoclastos , Diferenciação Celular , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/farmacologia , Osso e Ossos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana , Ligante RANK
6.
FASEB J ; 38(7): e23554, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588175

RESUMO

Bones can form the scaffolding of the body, support the organism, coordinate somatic movements, and control mineral homeostasis and hematopoiesis. The immune system plays immune supervisory, defensive, and regulatory roles in the organism, which mainly consists of immune organs (spleen, bone marrow, tonsils, lymph nodes, etc.), immune cells (granulocytes, platelets, lymphocytes, etc.), and immune molecules (immune factors, interferons, interleukins, tumor necrosis factors, etc.). Bone and the immune system have long been considered two distinct fields of study, and the bone marrow, as a shared microenvironment between the bone and the immune system, closely links the two. Osteoimmunology organically combines bone and the immune system, elucidates the role of the immune system in bone, and creatively emphasizes its interdisciplinary characteristics and the function of immune cells and factors in maintaining bone homeostasis, providing new perspectives for skeletal-related field research. In recent years, bone immunology has gradually become a hot spot in the study of bone-related diseases. As a new branch of immunology, bone immunology emphasizes that the immune system can directly or indirectly affect bones through the RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling pathway, IL family, TNF-α, TGF-ß, and IFN-γ. These effects are of great significance for understanding inflammatory bone loss caused by various autoimmune or infectious diseases. In addition, as an external environment that plays an important role in immunity and bone, this study pays attention to the role of exercise-mediated bone immunity in bone reconstruction.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos , Osteoclastos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Remodelação Óssea , Transdução de Sinais , Sistema Imunitário , Ligante RANK/metabolismo
7.
Elife ; 132024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591777

RESUMO

Bone remodeling is a complex process involving the coordinated actions of osteoblasts and osteoclasts to maintain bone homeostasis. While the influence of osteoblasts on osteoclast differentiation is well established, the reciprocal regulation of osteoblasts by osteoclasts has long remained enigmatic. In the past few years, a fascinating new role for osteoclasts has been unveiled in promoting bone formation and facilitating osteoblast migration to the remodeling sites through a number of different mechanisms, including the release of factors from the bone matrix following bone resorption and direct cell-cell interactions. Additionally, considerable evidence has shown that osteoclasts can secrete coupling factors known as clastokines, emphasizing the crucial role of these cells in maintaining bone homeostasis. Due to their osteoprotective function, clastokines hold great promise as potential therapeutic targets for bone diseases. However, despite long-standing work to uncover new clastokines and their effect in vivo, more substantial efforts are still required to decipher the mechanisms and pathways behind their activity in order to translate them into therapies. This comprehensive review provides insights into our evolving understanding of the osteoclast function, highlights the significance of clastokines in bone remodeling, and explores their potential as treatments for bone diseases suggesting future directions for the field.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Osteoclastos , Humanos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Remodelação Óssea , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia
8.
Cell Rep ; 43(3): 113936, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489269

RESUMO

Osteoclasts play a central role in cancer-cell-induced osteolysis, but the molecular mechanisms of osteoclast activation during bone metastasis formation are incompletely understood. By performing RNA sequencing on a mouse breast carcinoma cell line with higher bone-metastatic potential, here we identify the enzyme CYP11A1 strongly upregulated in osteotropic tumor cells. Genetic deletion of Cyp11a1 in tumor cells leads to a decreased number of bone metastases but does not alter primary tumor growth and lung metastasis formation in mice. The product of CYP11A1 activity, pregnenolone, increases the number and function of mouse and human osteoclasts in vitro but does not alter osteoclast-specific gene expression. Instead, tumor-derived pregnenolone strongly enhances the fusion of pre-osteoclasts via prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit beta (P4HB), identified as a potential interaction partner of pregnenolone. Taken together, our results demonstrate that Cyp11a1-expressing tumor cells produce pregnenolone, which is capable of promoting bone metastasis formation and osteoclast development via P4HB.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Osteogênese , Enzima de Clivagem da Cadeia Lateral do Colesterol/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Pregnenolona/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Diferenciação Celular
9.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1333086, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504994

RESUMO

Osteoporosis is a common chronic metabolic bone disorder. Recently, increasing numbers of studies have demonstrated that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4, a receptor located on the surface of osteoclasts and osteoblasts) plays a pivotal role in the development of osteoporosis. Herein, we performed a comprehensive review to summarize the findings from the relevant studies within this topic. Clinical data showed that TLR4 polymorphisms and aberrant TLR4 expression have been associated with the clinical significance of osteoporosis. Mechanistically, dysregulation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts induced by abnormal expression of TLR4 is the main molecular mechanism underlying the pathological processes of osteoporosis, which may be associated with the interactions between TLR4 and NF-κB pathway, proinflammatory effects, ncRNAs, and RUNX2. In vivo and in vitro studies demonstrate that many promising substances or agents (i.e., methionine, dioscin, miR-1906 mimic, artesunate, AEG-1 deletion, patchouli alcohol, and Bacteroides vulgatus) have been able to improve bone metabolism (i.e., inhibits bone resorption and promotes bone formation), which may partially attribute to the inhibition of TLR4 expression. The present review highlights the important role of TLR4 in the clinical significance and the pathogenesis of osteoporosis from the aspects of inflammation and immunity. Future therapeutic strategies targeting TLR4 may provide a new insight for osteoporosis treatment.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Humanos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Remodelação Óssea , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo
10.
J Theor Biol ; 585: 111781, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432504

RESUMO

This paper aims to present a comprehensive framework for coupling tumor-bone remodeling processes in a 2-dimensional geometry. This is achieved by introducing a bio-inspired damage that represents the growing tumor, which subsequently affects the main populations involved in the remodeling process, namely, osteoclasts, osteoblasts, and bone tissue. The model is constructed using a set of differential equations based on the Komarova's and Ayati's models, modified to incorporate the bio-inspired damage that may result in tumor mass formation. Three distinct models were developed. The first two models are based on the Komarova's governing equations, with one demonstrating an osteolytic behavior and the second one an osteoblastic model. The third model is a variation of Ayati's model, where the bio-inspired damage is induced through the paracrine and autocrine parameters, exhibiting an osteolytic behavior. The obtained results are consistent with existing literature, leading us to believe that our in-silico experiments will serve as a cornerstone for paving the way towards targeted interventions and personalized treatment strategies, ultimately improving the quality of life for those affected by these conditions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Osteoclastos , Osteoblastos , Osso e Ossos , Remodelação Óssea
11.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 580: 112103, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis (OP) can be caused by an overactive osteoclastic function. Anti-osteoporosis considerable therapeutic effects in tissue repair and regeneration because bone resorption is a unique osteoclast function. In this study, we mainly explored the underlying mechanisms of osteoclasts' effects on osteoporosis. METHODS: RAW264.7 cells were used and induced toward osteoclast and iron accumulation by M-CSF and RANKL administration. We investigated Hepcidin and divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) on iron accumulation and osteoclast formation in an ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporosis. Osteoporosis was induced in mice by OVX, and treated with Hepcidin (10, 20, 40, 80 mg/kg, respectively) and overexpression of DMT1 by tail vein injection. Hepcidin, SPI1, and DMT1 were detected by immunohistochemical staining, western blot and RT-PCR. The bioinformatics assays, luciferase assays, and Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP) verified that Hepcidin was a direct SPI1 transcriptional target. Iron accumulation was detected by laser scanning confocal microscopy, Perl's iron staining and iron content assay. The formation of osteoclasts was assessed using tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining. RESULTS: We found that RAW264.7 cells differentiated into osteoclasts when exposed to M-CSF and RANKL, which increased the protein levels of osteoclastogenesis-related genes, including c-Fos, MMP9, and Acp5. We also observed higher concentration of iron accumulation when M-CSF and RANKL were administered. However, Hepcidin inhibited the osteoclast differentiation cells and decreased intracellular iron concentration primary osteoclasts derived from RAW264.7. Spi-1 proto-oncogene (SPI1) transcriptionally repressed the expression of Hepcidin, increased DMT1, facilitated the differentiation and iron accumulation of mouse osteoclasts. Overexpression of SPI1 significantly declined luciferase activity of HAMP promoter and increased the enrichment of HAMP promoter. Furthermore, our results showed that Hepcidin inhibited osteoclast differentiation and iron accumulation in mouse osteoclasts and OVX mice. CONCLUSION: Therefore, the study revealed that SPI1 could inhibit Hepcidin expression contribute to iron accumulation and osteoclast formation via DMT1 signaling activation in mouse with OVX.


Assuntos
Osteoclastos , Osteoporose , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos , Hepcidinas , Luciferases
12.
Orthop Surg ; 16(4): 811-820, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439564

RESUMO

Fracture healing is a complex staged repair process in which the mechanical environment plays a key role. Bone tissue is very sensitive to mechanical stress stimuli, and the literature suggests that appropriate stress can promote fracture healing by altering cellular function. However, fracture healing is a coupled process involving multiple cell types that balance and limit each other to ensure proper fracture healing. The main cells that function during different stages of fracture healing are different, and the types and molecular mechanisms of stress required are also different. Most previous studies have used a single mechanical stimulus on individual mechanosensitive cells, and there is no relatively uniform standard for the size and frequency of the mechanical stress. Analyzing the mechanisms underlying the effects of mechanical stimulation on the metabolic regulation of signaling pathways in cells such as in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and osteoclasts is currently a challenging research hotspot. Grasping how stress affects the function of different cells at the molecular biology level can contribute to the refined management of fracture healing. Therefore, in this review, we summarize the relevant literature and describe the effects of mechanical stress on cells associated with fracture healing, and their possible signaling pathways, for the treatment of fractures and the further development of regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas Ósseas , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico , Osso e Ossos , Osteoclastos
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7290, 2024 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538704

RESUMO

Bone destruction, a major source of morbidity, is mediated by heightened differentiation and activity of osteoclasts (OC), highly specialized multinucleated myeloid cells endowed with unique bone-resorptive capacity. The molecular mechanisms regulating OC differentiation in the bone marrow are still partly elusive. Here, we aimed to identify new regulatory circuits and actionable targets by comprehensive proteomic characterization of OCgenesis from mouse bone marrow monocytes, adopting two parallel unbiased comparative proteomic approaches. This work disclosed an unanticipated protein signature of OCgenesis, with most gene products currently unannotated in bone-related functions, revealing broad structural and functional cellular reorganization and divergence from macrophagic immune activity. Moreover, we identified the deubiquitinase UCHL1 as the most upregulated cytosolic protein in differentiating OCs. Functional studies proved it essential, as UCHL1 genetic and pharmacologic inhibition potently suppressed OCgenesis. Furthermore, proteomics and mechanistic dissection showed that UCHL1 supports OC differentiation by restricting the anti-OCgenic activity of NRF2, the transcriptional activator of the canonical antioxidant response, through redox-independent stabilization of the NRF2 inhibitor, KEAP1. Besides offering a valuable experimental framework to dissect OC differentiation, our study discloses the essential role of UCHL1, exerted through KEAP1-dependent containment of NRF2 anti-OCgenic activity, yielding a novel potential actionable pathway against bone loss.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Osteólise , Animais , Camundongos , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteólise/metabolismo , Proteômica , Ligante RANK/metabolismo
14.
Chin J Nat Med ; 22(3): 212-223, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553189

RESUMO

Cyathulae Radix, a traditional Chinese medicine and a common vegetable, boasts a history spanning millennia. It enhances bone density, boosts metabolism, and effectively alleviates osteoporosis-induced pain. Despite its historical use, the molecular mechanisms behind Cyathulae Radix's impact on osteoporosis remain unexplored. In this study, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of Cyathulae Radix ethanol extract (CEE) in inhibiting osteoporosis and osteoclastogenesis. Eight-week-old female mice underwent ovariectomy and were treated with CEE for eight weeks. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) assessed histomorphometric parameters, bone tissue staining observed distal femur histomorphology, and three-point bending tests evaluated tibia mechanical properties. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) measured serum estradiol (E2), receptor activator for nuclear factor B ligand (RANKL), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels. Osteoclastogenesis-related markers were analyzed via Western blotting (WB) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Additionally, CEE effects on RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and bone resorption were investigated in vitro using tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, qRT-PCR, and WB assay. Compared with the ovariectomy (OVX) group, CEE treatment enhanced trabecular bone density, maximal load-bearing capacity, and various histomorphometric parameters. Serum E2 and OPG levels significantly increased, while Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK) decreased in the CEE group. CEE downregulated matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9), Cathepsin K (CTSK), and TRAP gene and protein expression. In bone marrow macrophages (BMMs), CEE reduced mature osteoclasts, bone resorption pit areas, and MMP-9, CTSK, and TRAP expression during osteoclast differentiation. Compared with DMSO treatment, CEE markedly inhibited RANK, TNF receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6), Proto-oncogene c-Fos (c-Fos), Nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1) expressions, and Extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), NF-kappa B-p65 (p65) phosphorylation in osteoclasts. In conclusion, CEE significantly inhibits OVX-induced osteoporosis and RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis, potentially through modulating the Estrogen Receptor (ER)/RANK/NFATc1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Osteoporose , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Reabsorção Óssea/genética , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Ligante RANK/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ovariectomia
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 118039, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479545

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The anti-tumor related diseases of Coptidis Rhizoma (Huanglian) were correlated with its traditional use of removing damp-heat, clearing internal fire, and counteracting toxicity. In the recent years, Coptidis Rhizoma and its components have drawn extensive attention toward their anti-tumor related diseases. Besides, Coptidis Rhizoma is traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory herb. Epiberberine (EPI) is a significant alkaloid isolated from Coptidis Rhizoma, and exhibits multiple pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory. However, the effect of epiberberine on breast cancer and the inflammatory factors of metastatic breast cancer-induced osteolysis has not been demonstrated clearly. AIM OF THE STUDY: Bone metastatic breast cancer can lead to osteolysis via inflammatory factors-induced osteoclast differentiation and function. In this study, we try to analyze the effect of epiberberine on breast cancer and the inflammatory factors of metastatic breast cancer-induced osteolysis. METHODS: To evaluate whether epiberberine could suppress bone metastatic breast cancer-induced osteolytic damage, healthy female Balb/c mice were intratibially injected with murine triple-negative breast cancer 4T1 cells. Then, we examined the inhibitory effect and underlying mechanism of epiberberine on breast cancer-induced osteoclastogenesis in vitro. Xenograft assay was used to study the effect of epiberberine on breast cancer cells in vivo. Moreover, we also studied the inhibitory effects and underlying mechanisms of epiberberine on RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation and function in vitro. RESULTS: The results show that epiberberine displayed potential therapeutic effects on breast cancer-induced osteolytic damage. Besides, our results show that epiberberine inhibited breast cancer cells-induced osteoclast differentiation and function by inhibiting secreted inflammatory cytokines such as IL-8. Importantly, we found that epiberberine directly inhibited RANKL-induced differentiation and function of osteoclast without cytotoxicity. Mechanistically, epiberberine inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclastogensis via Akt/c-Fos signaling pathway. Furthermore, epiberberine combined with docetaxel effectively protected against bone loss induced by metastatic breast cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that epiberberine may be a promising natural compound for treating bone metastatic breast cancer-induced osteolytic damage by inhibiting IL-8 and is worthy of further exploration in preclinical and clinical trials.


Assuntos
Berberina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias da Mama , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteólise , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Osteólise/tratamento farmacológico , Osteólise/metabolismo , Osteólise/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Osteoclastos , Osteogênese , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ligante RANK/metabolismo
17.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2384, 2024 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493144

RESUMO

MALAT1, one of the few highly conserved nuclear long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), is abundantly expressed in normal tissues. Previously, targeted inactivation and genetic rescue experiments identified MALAT1 as a suppressor of breast cancer lung metastasis. On the other hand, Malat1-knockout mice are viable and develop normally. On a quest to discover the fundamental roles of MALAT1 in physiological and pathological processes, we find that this lncRNA is downregulated during osteoclastogenesis in humans and mice. Remarkably, Malat1 deficiency in mice promotes osteoporosis and bone metastasis of melanoma and mammary tumor cells, which can be rescued by genetic add-back of Malat1. Mechanistically, Malat1 binds to Tead3 protein, a macrophage-osteoclast-specific Tead family member, blocking Tead3 from binding and activating Nfatc1, a master regulator of osteoclastogenesis, which results in the inhibition of Nfatc1-mediated gene transcription and osteoclast differentiation. Notably, single-cell transcriptome analysis of clinical bone samples reveals that reduced MALAT1 expression in pre-osteoclasts and osteoclasts is associated with osteoporosis and metastatic bone lesions. Altogether, these findings identify Malat1 as a lncRNA that protects against osteoporosis and bone metastasis.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , Osteoporose/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
18.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 130: 111745, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430803

RESUMO

Autologous tooth grafting is a dental restorative modality based on periodontal ligament healing.Human periodontal ligament stem cells(PDLSCs) are involved in the formation and remodeling of periodontal tissue.Based on previous findings, the proliferation and differentiation of processing cryopreserved periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) exhibit similarities to those of fresh cells. However, there is evident absorption in the transplanted frozen tooth's roots and bones, with the underlying cause remaining unknown. Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor(GM-CSF) is named for its produce granulocyte and macrophage precursors from bone marrow precursors, and it also serves as one of the regulatory factors in inflammatory and osteoclast formation. This study aimed to investigate changes in GM-CSF expression in frozen PDLSCs (fhPDLSCs) and evaluate the impact of GM-CSF on PDLSCs with respect to cellular activity and osteogenic ability. The role of GM-CSF in periodontal absorption was further speculated by comparing with IL-1ß. The results revealed a significant increase in GM-CSF levels from fhPDLSCs compared to fresh cells, which exhibited an equivalent inflammatory stimulation effect as 1 ng/ml IL-1ß. Cell viability also increased with increasing concentrations of GM-CSF; however, the GM-CSF from fhPDLSCs was not sufficient to significantly trigger osteoclastic factors. Considering its interaction with IL-1ß and positive feedback mechanism, environments with high doses of GM-CSF derived from fhPDLSCs are more likely to activate osteoclastic responses.Therefore, for frozen tooth replantation, great attention should be paid to anti-inflammation and anti-infection.GM-CSF may serve as a potential therapeutic target for inhibiting periodontal resorption in delayed grafts.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos , Dente , Humanos , Perda do Osso Alveolar/metabolismo , Perda do Osso Alveolar/terapia , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos , Osteoclastos , Dente/transplante , Transplante Autólogo
19.
Pharmacol Res ; 202: 107121, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431091

RESUMO

Bone homeostasis is maintained by osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and osteoblast-mediated bone formation. A dramatic decrease in estrogen levels in postmenopausal women leads to osteoclast overactivation, impaired bone homeostasis, and subsequent bone loss. Changes in the gut microbiome affect bone mineral density. However, the role of the gut microbiome in estrogen deficiency-induced bone loss and its underlying mechanism remain unknown. In this study, we found that the abundance of Clostridium sporogenes (C. spor.) and its derived metabolite, indole propionic acid (IPA), were decreased in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. In vitro assays suggested that IPA suppressed osteoclast differentiation and function. At the molecular level, IPA suppressed receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL)-induced pregnane X receptor (PXR) ubiquitination and degradation, leading to increased binding of remaining PXR with P65. In vivo daily IPA administration or repeated C. spor. colonization protected against OVX-induced bone loss. To protect live bacteria from the harsh gastric environment and delay the emptying of orally administered C. spor. from the intestine, a C. spor.-encapsulated silk fibroin (SF) hydrogel system was developed, which achieved bone protection in OVX mice comparable to that achieved with repeated germ transplantation or daily IPA administration. Overall, we found that gut C. spor.-derived IPA was involved in estrogen deficiency-induced osteoclast overactivation by regulating the PXR/P65 complex. The C. spor.-encapsulated SF hydrogel system is a promising tool for combating postmenopausal osteoporosis without the disadvantages of repeated germ transplantation.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Clostridium , Osteoclastos , Propionatos , Humanos , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Receptor de Pregnano X/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Indóis/metabolismo , Hidrogéis , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular
20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 173: 116291, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442669

RESUMO

The elderly exhibit a reduced healing capacity after fracture, which is often associated with delayed or failed bone healing. This is due to a plethora of factors, such as an impaired bone vascular system and delayed angiogenesis. The phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor sildenafil exerts pro-angiogenic and pro-osteogenic effects. Hence, we herein investigated in aged mice whether sildenafil can improve fracture healing. For this purpose, 40 aged CD-1 mice (16-18 months) were daily treated with 5 mg/kg body weight sildenafil (n = 20) or vehicle (control, n = 20) by oral gavage. The callus tissue of their femora was analyzed at 2 and 5 weeks after fracture by X-ray, biomechanics, micro-computed tomography (µCT), histology, immunohistochemistry as well as Western blotting. These analyses revealed a significantly increased bone volume and higher ratio of callus to femoral bone diameter in sildenafil-treated mice at 5 weeks after fracture when compared to controls. This was associated with a reduced number and activity of osteoclasts at 2 weeks after fracture, most likely caused by an increased expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG). Taken together, these findings indicate that sildenafil does not improve fracture healing in the elderly but delays the process of bone remodeling most likely by reducing the number and activity of osteoclasts within the callus tissue.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur , Osteoclastos , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Idoso , Citrato de Sildenafila/farmacologia , Citrato de Sildenafila/uso terapêutico , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/tratamento farmacológico , Consolidação da Fratura , Remodelação Óssea , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/farmacologia
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