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1.
Wiad Lek ; 74(2): 303-309, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To study the peculiarities of bone mineral density in the Ukrainian population of women of different reproductive age with systemic lupus erythematosus and to evaluate its connection with traditional and specific (typical for systemic lupus erythematosus) risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: A total of 91 women with systemic lupus erythematosus and 29 healthy individuals were examined. Along with the clinical study of the activity and severity of the disease, the serum levels of interleukin-6 were determined by the enzyme immunoassay. The peculiarities of bone mineral density were studied using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The presence of fractures was evaluated by the X-ray method. RESULTS: Results: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus frequently suffer from reduced bone mineral density. Reduced bone mineral density and the appearance of fragility fractures are associated with patients' age, disease duration, damage index, inflammatory activity, and cumulative dose of glucocorticoids. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Progressive reduced bone mineral density in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus occurs not only during the aging process of a woman, but is also associatedwith a number of systemic lupus erythematosus - related osteoporosis risk factors.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Glucocorticoides , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/etiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e24950, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655960

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to use a simple screening tool to explore related factors with osteoporosis in the elderly in the community of southern Taiwan.This was an observational cross-sectional study using Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asia (OSTA), Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Taiwanese (OSTAi), and the basic demographic information to identify osteoporosis in the participants. This study collected data from 200 participants aged 65 and above and living in southern Taiwan.The prevalence of osteoporosis among elders in the community was 30.5% (OSTA) and 58.0% (OSTAi), respectively. The prevalence of osteoporosis determined by OSTA and OSTAi in female (33.1% and 63.1%, respectively.) was higher than in male (25.7% and 48.6%, respectively.). Risk factors such as gender, age, and body mass index (BMI) were significantly associated with osteoporosis (P < .001). Using OSTA and OSTAi to assess the risk for osteoporosis, for every 1 year of age increase, the odds ratio (OR) value of osteoporosis increased by 1.84 and 1.50 times, respectively (P < .001); for every 1 kg/m2 increase in BMI, the OR of osteoporosis decreases by 0.36 and 0.44 times, respectively. The results of this study can be used a simple tool of OSTA and OSTAi self-examination to screen potential high-risk groups for osteoporosis in the community.OSTA and OSTAi can screen for possible high-risk groups early and without invasive examinations and self-examination tools in a hospital. Low BMI poses higher risks of osteoporosis for the elderly, so increasing functional ability, improving muscle strength, maintaining exercise habits and keeping proper weight could prevent osteoporosis in the seniors.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
3.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 55, 2021 03 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709189

RESUMO

Malnutrition contributes to the occurrence of osteoporosis. This study showed that participants with higher GNRI values had higher levels of BMD. GNRIs were positively correlated with BMD and independently associated with total hip T-score. GNRIs may be a good indicator for identifying elderly who need further bone health nutritional support. PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between geriatric nutrition risk index (GNRI) and bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly Chinese people. METHODS: We recruited 1130 older adults (60-89 years old) between May 2018 and December 2019. Participants underwent clinical, laboratory, and densitometry examinations. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry densitometers and corresponding software were used to assess the BMD and T-scores of participants. Differences between study groups were assessed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for continuous variables and the chi-square test for categorical variables. Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to assess the correlation between two variables. Multivariate linear regressions with or without adjustments were constructed to explore the possible confounding variables. RESULTS: Individuals with higher GNRI values had higher total hip and lumbar spine T-scores (P < 0.001, P = 0.029, respectively). Pearson's correlation demonstrated that GNRIs were positively correlated with BMD at different anatomical sites, in both sexes but especially in women. A multiple regression demonstrated that GNRIs were independently associated with total hip T-score in both sexes (ß = 0.111 for men and 0.174 for women; P = 0.034 and 0.008, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Elderly people with higher GNRI values had higher total hip and lumbar spine T-scores, which suggested that GNRI is closely related to BMD. This relationship is maintained at the total hip, even after fully adjusting for possible confounding variables, and consequently, it may be a good indicator for identifying older people who need further bone health nutritional support.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/epidemiologia
5.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 56, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723677

RESUMO

In the present observational cohort study in 4902 men and 9804 women, we found that the factors associated with osteoporosis care utilization in men were comorbidities, adjuvant hormonal therapy for prostate cancer, vertebral or hip fractures, and glucocorticoid treatment. INTRODUCTION: Male osteoporosis is associated with an important clinical and economic burden worldwide; nevertheless, undertreatment of men with osteoporosis is common. Understanding the factors associated with referral to bone specialists may help to define future interventions to improve access to osteoporosis care for male patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a nationwide cohort (DeFRACalc79 database). DeFRACalc79 is a tool that estimates the fracture risk by considering clinical and densitometric risk factors, including the presence of prior hip or vertebral and non-vertebral or non-hip fractures. We compared the clinical characteristics of male individuals with an age-matched cohort of women. Propensity score generation with a 2:1 female-to-male ratio was performed using a logistic regression model to age-match the cohorts. RESULTS: We analyzed a sample of 4902 men at high risk for osteoporosis. We found that the factors associated with osteoporosis care utilization in men were the presence of comorbidities (OR 1.939, 95% CI 1.799-2.090), adjuvant hormonal therapy for prostate cancer (OR 1.482, 95% CI 1.315-1.670), the presence of vertebral or hip fractures (OR 1.490, 95% CI 1.378-1.611), and glucocorticoid treatment (OR 2.573, 95% CI 2.274-2.832). CONCLUSIONS: Men are more commonly referred to the bone specialist with a prevalent fragility fracture and/or diagnosis of secondary osteoporosis as compared with women. Our study suggests that there is a lack of screening for the primary prevention of osteoporosis in men as compared with that in women.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 57, 2021 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33758984

RESUMO

Standardized prevalence of osteoporosis was 19.90% in the whole subjects aged between 50 and 87, 5.87% in men and 30.23% in women respectively. Risk factors associated with osteoporosis were analyzed. It is the first time to estimate the prevalence and characterize the epidemiology of osteoporosis in Chongqing, China. PURPOSE: To investigate bone mineral density (BMD) profiles, osteoporosis prevalence, and its risk factors among residents aged above 20 years old in Chongqing Municipality, China. METHODS: The study population consisted of 770 men and 1085 women aged 20 years and older with BMD measurements using central dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Information on sociodemographic characteristics and the potential risk factors associated with osteoporosis were collected by a standardized interviewer-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Crude prevalence of osteoporosis was 12.99% in the whole subjects, 4.42% for men, and 19.08% for women by WHO criteria at various skeletal regions (among lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip). Standardized prevalence of osteoporosis was 19.90% in the whole subjects aged between 50 and 87, 5.87% in men and 30.23% in women respectively. Prevalence of osteoporosis increased with age, and the prevalence of osteoporosis in women was 6.10 times higher than it in men. The prevalence of osteoporosis was significantly associated with the past medical history of fracture (OR = 1.794, P = 0.007); overweight and obesity were considered to be protective factors for osteoporosis with OR of 0.514 and 0.300, respectively; high school graduate (OR = 0.399, P = 0.000 ) and milk intake (OR = 0.648, P = 0.008) were also protective factors for osteoporosis in men and women considered together; menopause was an independent risk factor of osteoporosis in females (OR = 1.782, P = 0.029); current smoking was an independent risk factor of osteoporosis in males (OR = 2.437, P = 0.046). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia was high among residents in Chongqing, China. Health education and behavior intervention should be focused on the elderly or female residents to promote the formulation of healthy lifestyle. Necessary steps are needed for more public education and a wider dissemination of information about osteoporosis and its prevention.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
7.
Autoimmun Rev ; 20(4): 102782, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the extant literature relating to bone health in the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) including both adult and juvenile patients. METHODS: A PubMed search® identified relevant studies from 1966 to 2020 in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Two independent reviewers screened and extracted the abstracts/full manuscripts, and a third author was consulted in the case of disagreement. RESULTS: We identified 37 articles (3 review articles, 2 RCTs, 9 cross-sectional, 16 cohort and 7 case-control studies). The prevalence of osteopenia (n = 7) ranges from 7 to 75% and osteoporosis (n = 7) between 13% to 27%. The prevalence of vertebral fractures ranged from 11 to 75%. Systemic inflammation likely contributes to reduced bone mineral density (BMD) in children with IIM but data is currently lacking in adult patients. Association between with impaired BMD and Vitamin D or calcium intake and physical activity has not been demonstrated in IIM. There is no clear consensus regarding the impact of age, menopause or BMI on bone health. Gender, smoking status, disease activity and inflammatory markers are not obvious independent predictors of low BMD. Several studies have demonstrated that glucocorticoids are associated with an increased risk of low BMD. There are no specific guidelines relating to the management of bone health in adult and juvenile patients with IIM. CONCLUSION: Both adult and juvenile patients with IIM are at high risk of impaired bone health and fracture. The mechanisms behind this are likely multifactorial including systemic inflammation, glucocorticoid treatment, reduced mobility and impaired calcium/vitamin D homeostasis. There are a lack of guidelines and studies relating to the screening, prevention and treatment of impaired bone health in adult and juvenile patients with IIM. Future research is required to understand the complexity of bone health in IIM including to develop much needed disease-specific management recommendations.


Assuntos
Miosite , Osteoporose , Adulto , Densidade Óssea , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Miosite/complicações , Miosite/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Vitamina D
8.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 44, 2021 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635451

RESUMO

We investigate the rate of concordance between treatment recommendations of osteoporosis with 10-year probability of hip fracture calculated using FRAX scores with and without BMD. We found that predictions were concordant in 83.8% of patients. However, older age, lower BMD, and FRAX without BMD around the intervention threshold were associated with discordant results. In the discordant group, FRAX with BMD suggested treatment in more participants with lower age, higher BMI, and lower BMD when compared with FRAX without BMD. INTRODUCTION: The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) is used to calculate the 10-year probability of fracture using important clinical factors, with bone mineral density (BMD) as an optional input variable. We aimed to determine the rate of concordance between treatment recommendations of osteoporosis with 10-year probability of hip fracture calculated using FRAX scores with and without BMD and to identify relevant clinical risk factors associated with discordance. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in patients between 40 and 90 years of age who were screened for osteoporosis by BMD measurement using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) from 2010 to 2018 at a university hospital in Thailand. A FRAX questionnaire was administered to determine demographic data and osteoporotic risk factors. FRAX scores with and without BMD were calculated for each participant using the Thai reference, and patients were categorized into either the treatment or non-treatment group based on a cut-off of 3% 10-year probability of hip fracture. When FRAX scores with and without BMD results were consistent, they were considered concordant. Otherwise, they were deemed discordant. Clinical risk factors were compared between the concordant and discordant groups. RESULTS: A total of 3545 participants were included in the study. The majority (83.8%) were in the concordant group. However, older age, lower BMD, and FRAX without BMD around the intervention threshold were significantly associated with discordant results. In the discordant group, FRAX with BMD suggested treatment in more participants with lower age, higher BMI, and lower BMD when compared with FRAX without BMD. CONCLUSION: FRAX scores with and without BMD yielded concordant predictions regarding the 10-year probability of hip fracture suggesting pharmacological treatment. However, this concordance declined in elderly and osteoporotic participants and in those with FRAX without BMD around intervention threshold. BMD data may be required in these populations in order to facilitate accurate risk assessment.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Idoso , Densidade Óssea , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Tailândia/epidemiologia
9.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 47, 2021 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33638754

RESUMO

A meta-analysis to investigate the difference in fracture risk between individuals with and without HIV infection was performed. People living with HIV had lower bone mineral density (BMD) and greater risks of overall fractures and fragility fractures. Reducing fragility and maintaining skeletal strength for PLWH are urgently needed for this population. PURPOSE: The introduction of effective antiretroviral therapy increased the life expectancy of people living with HIV (PLWH). This population now faces problems related to aging such as decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and increased fracture risk. Some antiretroviral therapies may also negatively impact bone health. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the difference in the fracture risk between individuals with and without HIV infection. METHODS: We compared BMD, risk of fragility fracture, and risk of all fracture between the two groups. This study included 35 articles with 106,994 PLWH and 228,794,335 controls. RESULTS: PLWH had lower lumbar spine and hip BMD than controls. PLWH had a higher prevalence of all fracture events (4.08% versus 0.44%) and fragility fractures (2.66% versus 2.19%). The relative risks of all and fragility fractures of PLWH were 1.91 (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.46-2.49; p < 0.001) and 1.68 (95% CI: 1.40-2.01; p < 0.001). PLWH also had more vertebral fractures (1.26% versus 0.37%; RR, 1.97; 95% CI: 1.22-3.2; p < 0.05), hip fractures (1.38% versus 0.81%; RR, 1.88; 95% CI: 0.99-3.57; p = 0.05), and wrist fractures (1.38% versus 1.29%; RR, 1.67; 95% CI: 1.13-2.45; p < 0.05) than healthy controls. The pooled incidence of fractures was 1.72 per 100 person-years in PLWH and 1.29 in healthy controls. CONCLUSION: PLWH had lower BMD and greater risks of all fractures and fragility fractures. Reducing fragility and maintaining skeletal strength for PLWH are urgently needed for this population.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Infecções por HIV , Fraturas do Quadril , Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Densidade Óssea , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Osteoporose/epidemiologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33525339

RESUMO

(1) Purpose: Predisposing factors to osteoporosis (OP) as well as dual-source x-ray densitometry (DXA) steer therapeutic decisions by determining the FRAX index. This study examines the reliability of a standard risk factor questionnaire in OP-screening. (2) Methods: n = 553 eligible questionnaires encompassed 24 OP-predisposing factors. Reliability was assessed using DXA as a gold standard. Multiple logistic regression and Spearman's correlations, as well as the confounding influence of age and body mass index, were analyzed in SPSS (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY, USA). (3) Results: Our study revealed low patient self-awareness regarding OP and its risk factors. One out of every four patients reported a positive history for osteoporosis not confirmed by DXA. The extraordinarily high incidence of rheumatoid arthritis and thyroid disorders likely reflect confusion with other diseases or health anxiety. FRAX-determining risk factors such as malnutrition, liver insufficiency, prior fracture without trauma, and glucocorticoid therapy did not correlate with increased OP incidence, altogether demonstrating how inaccurate survey information could influence therapeutic decisions on osteoporosis. (4) Conclusions: Contradictive results and a low level of patient self-awareness suggest a high degree of uncertainty and low reliability of the current OP risk factor survey.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Humanos , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540940

RESUMO

Workforce aging is becoming a significant public health problem due to the resulting emergence of age-related diseases, such as osteoporosis. The prevention and early detection of osteoporosis is important to avoid bone fractures and their socio-economic burden. The aim of this study is to evaluate the sustainability of a screening workplace program able to detect workers with osteoporosis. The screening process included a questionnaire-based risk assessment of 1050 healthcare workers followed by measurement of the bone mass density (BMD) with a pulse-echo ultrasound (PEUS) at the proximal tibia in the at-risk subjects. Workers with a BMD value ≤ 0.783 g/cm² were referred to a specialist visit ensuring a diagnosis and the consequent prescriptions. Any possible association between the outcome variable BMD ≤ 0.783 g/cm² and the risk factors was evaluated. The costs were calculated with a full costing method. We identified 60 pathological subjects. We observed increased risks for women, older ages, and menopause (p < 0.01). The yearly cost of our screening program estimated for this study was 8242 euros, and, considering the fragility bone fracture costs, we hypothesize a considerable economic savings, with a possible positive benefits/cost ratio of 2.07. We can say that the margin between the investment and results leads to a preference for this type of screening program. Osteoporosis is an occupational health problem, and a workplace screening program could be a cost-effective intervention.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Osteoporose , Idoso , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia
12.
Maturitas ; 145: 12-17, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541557

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate gender-associated differences in the presentation, course, and outcomes of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective institutional cohort. METHODS: The database of a tertiary endocrine institute was retrospectively screened for patients treated for PHPT in 2010-2018. Clinical, biochemical, and imaging data were collected. Presentation, management, and outcome variables were compared by gender and by age at diagnosis (<50/≥50 years). RESULTS: The cohort included 182 women and 161 men diagnosed with PHPT at age 57.6 ± 12.8 and followed for 6.3 ± 5.5 years. There were no gender differences in age at detection of hypercalcemia and basal levels of serum and urinary calcium, serum PTH, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Men had a higher prevalence of nephrolithiasis (33 % vs 21 %, p = 0.01). Women had a higher frequency of osteoporosis (65 % vs 45 %, p < 0.001), and a lower mean lumbar spine T-score at PHPT diagnosis. At last follow-up, women had worse bone mineral density (BMD) results in all measured sites (lumbar spine, femoral neck, distal radius) and more fractures (34 % vs 20 %, p = 0.004), despite more frequent and longer pharmacological treatment of osteoporosis. On analysis by age, all these gender-associated differences were statistically significant only in patients diagnosed at age ≥50 years. Parathyroidectomy was performed in 52 % of women and 42 % of men (p = 0.06). CONCLUSION: The main differences between male and female patients with PHPT are the higher prevalence, more intensive pharmacological treatment, and worse outcomes of osteoporosis in women. Tailoring the optimal medical and/or surgical treatment for fracture prevention in patients with PHPT remains a major challenge, especially in older women.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/epidemiologia , Caracteres Sexuais , Idoso , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitíase/tratamento farmacológico , Nefrolitíase/epidemiologia , Nefrolitíase/cirurgia , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/cirurgia , Paratireoidectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 56, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33573635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of comorbidities on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been usually studied individually in the past. In this study, we aimed to investigate the comorbidities associated with mortality, the effect of multimorbidity on mortality and other factors associated with mortality among Korean COPD population. METHODS: The Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort version 2.0, collected between 2002 and 2015, was used. Among COPD patients [entire cohort (EC), N = 12,779], 44% of the participants underwent additional health examination, and they were analysed separately [health-screening cohort (HSC), N = 5624]. Fifteen comorbidities previously reported as risk factors for mortality were studied using Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: Total mortality rates were 38.6 per 1000 person-years (95% CI 37.32-40.01) and 27.4 per 1000 person-years (95% CI 25.68-29.22) in EC and HSC, respectively. The most common causes of death were disease progression, lung cancer, and pneumonia. Only some of the comorbidities had a direct impact on mortality. Multimorbidity, assessed by the number of comorbid diseases, was an independent risk factor of all-cause mortality in both cohorts and was a risk factor of respiratory mortality only in HSC. The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed significant differences in survival trajectories according to the number of comorbidities in all-cause mortality but not in respiratory mortality. Low BMI, old age and male sex were independent risk factors for both mortalities in both cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The number of comorbidities might be an independent risk factor of COPD mortality. Multimorbidity contributes to all-cause mortality in COPD, but the effect of multimorbidity is less evident on respiratory mortality.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/mortalidade , Idoso , Asma/epidemiologia , Bronquiectasia/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Multimorbidade , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia
14.
Osteoporos Int ; 32(4): 611-617, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558957

RESUMO

The effects of COVID-19 have the potential to impact on the management of chronic diseases including osteoporosis. A global survey has demonstrated that these impacts include an increase in telemedicine consultations, delays in DXA scanning, interruptions in the supply of medications and reductions in parenteral medication delivery. INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has had profound effects on the health of the global population both directly, via the sequelae of the infection, and indirectly, including the relative neglect of chronic disease management. Together the International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation sought to ascertain the impact on osteoporosis management. METHODS: Questionnaires were electronically circulated to a sample of members of both learned bodies and included information regarding the location and specialty of respondents, current extent of face to face consultations, alterations in osteoporosis risk assessment, telemedicine experience, alterations to medication ascertainment and delivery and electronic health record (EHR) utilisation. Responses were collected, quantitative data analysed, and qualitative data assessed for recurring themes. RESULTS: Responses were received from 209 healthcare workers from 53 countries, including 28% from Europe, 24% from North America, 19% from the Asia Pacific region, 17% from the Middle East and 12% from Latin America. Most respondents were physicians (85%) with physician assistants, physical therapists and nurses/nurse practitioners represented in the sample. The main three specialties represented included rheumatology (40%), endocrinology (22%) and orthopaedics (15%). In terms of the type of patient contact, 33% of respondents conducted telephone consultations and 21% video consultations. Bone mineral density assessment by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) usage was affected with only 29% able to obtain a scan as recommended. The majority of clinicians (60%) had systems in place to identify patients receiving parenteral medication, and 43% of clinicians reported difficulty in arranging appropriate osteoporosis medications during the COVID-19 crisis. CONCLUSIONS: To conclude through surveying a global sample of osteoporosis healthcare professionals, we have observed an increase in telemedicine consultations, delays in DXA scanning, interrupted supply of medications and reductions in parenteral medication delivery.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Ásia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Oriente Médio , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 22, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527234

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between cadmium levels and the risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis in Korean post-menopausal women. There was a significant positive association between cadmium levels and the risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis, but further studies for dose response are required. PURPOSE: Cadmium exposure can exert detrimental effects on bone health, particularly in post-menopausal women. However, previous studies have failed to report an association in Korean post-menopausal women. We aimed to investigate the association between cadmium levels and the risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis in Korean post-menopausal women. METHODS: In total, 5432 participants from the 4th and 5th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were randomly sampled for measurements of heavy metal concentrations in the blood, bone mass density (BMD), and nutrient intake. We analyzed data for 1031 post-menopausal women ≥50 years of age. Blood cadmium levels were categorized into quartiles, and a multinomial logistic regression model was used for analysis. RESULTS: There was a significant positive association between cadmium levels and the risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis, but the odds ratio (OR) at the 4th level was lower than that at the 3rd level (OR and 95% confidence interval (CI) for osteopenia: 2nd quartile: 1.24, 0.88-1.74; 3rd quartile: 3.22, 2.24-4.64; 4th quartile: 1.27, 0.87-1.85; P for trend <0.001; OR and 95% CI for osteoporosis: 2nd quartile: 1.54, 1.05-2.25; 3rd quartile: 3.63, 2.31-5.69; 4th quartile: 1.70, 1.03-2.81; P for trend <0.001). This trend was consistent in the sensitivity analysis. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that there is an association between blood cadmium levels and the risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis in Korean post-menopausal women. However, further prospective studies are required to determine whether there is a dose-response relationship and address potential selection bias, especially in patients with femoral neck osteoporosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa , Osteoporose , Densidade Óssea , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/epidemiologia , Cádmio , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/epidemiologia , Pós-Menopausa , Estudos Prospectivos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
16.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 23, 2021 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528678

RESUMO

Latin America and the Caribbean region account for 8% of the world's total population. Experts from 18 countries were invited to contribute to this article to provide the best available data on the number, types, and quality of densitometry, DXA experts, the local/national incidence and prevalence of osteoporosis and fragility fractures, and other uses and information on the challenges and opportunities for quality densitometry with examples of local initiatives. Osteoporosis is the primary reason for densitometry in our region, which is not a priority for public health in most countries. Access and quality are major challenges, and there is a clear trend to concentrate on densitometry services in the largest cities. Urgent action is needed to face the rapidly increasing burden of osteoporosis in our region, including robust and up to date epidemiology, access to health professionals, and quality densitometry. Health professionals require better access to training, courses, and other activities at a more local or regional level.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Região do Caribe , Densitometria , Humanos , Incidência , América Latina/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/epidemiologia
17.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 25, 2021 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559020

RESUMO

Osteoporosis remains under-recognized and sub-optimally managed in Pakistan, with a lack of awareness that minimal impact hip fracture is a manifestation of low bone mineral density (BMD). PURPOSE: Hip fracture is often the first clinical presentation of osteoporosis and an opportunity to intervene and reduce future fracture risk. Our aim was to understand the current practices in Pakistan related to bone health in patients presenting with a hip fracture. METHODS: This is a retrospective study at a tertiary care center in Pakistan of patients admitted with a hip fracture. Data collected includes previous fracture history, known preceding diagnosis of low BMD medication details, comorbidities, and DXA results. RESULTS: Two hundred ten patients were studied. The mean age of patients was 73.1 years, with 112 (53.3%) women. Most (195 (92.9%)) had presented with a low-impact hip fracture, with 17 (8.1%) reporting previous history of fracture. None had been treated with osteoporosis medications prior to fracture. Nineteen (9%) were on calcium and vitamin D supplements prior to fracture; of the minority who were screened, all were vitamin D deficient and subsequently discharged on vitamin D supplements. No one was prescribed medications to reduce fracture risk at discharge. CONCLUSION: This study reveals that patients admitted with minimal impact hip fractures in Pakistan are rarely evaluated for low BMD and not started on osteoporosis medications even after presenting with a typical osteoporosis-related fracture. This underscores the need for health provider education about osteoporosis as a major cause for hip fractures and the need to intervene for future fracture risk reduction.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Osteoporose , Idoso , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
18.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 29, 2021 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575883

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hip fracture is a severe complication of osteoporosis and is associated with a significant healthcare burden worldwide. This meta-analysis explores the association between combined multivitamin use and hip fracture risk. Our results provide more patient-centered insight into the impact of supplement use on osteoporosis outcomes. METHODS: We searched three online databases in August 2019 and included studies that reported on multivitamin use in patients with osteoporotic hip fractures. The inclusion criteria were (1) adult patients with osteoporotic hip fractures, (2) availability of full-text articles in English, and (3) at least 1 year of follow-up. No suitable randomized controlled trials could be identified for inclusion in the analysis. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). RESULTS: Eight studies containing 80,148 subjects in total were included in this study. Among these, 4237 cases of fragility hip fracture were reported. The average age was 69±5.3 years, and 21% of subjects were male. Multivitamin use was found to be significantly associated with a lower risk of sustaining a fragility hip fracture (OR 0.49, 95%CI: 0.32-0.77). The Begg and Mazumdar test and funnel plot indicated that no significant publication bias was present. CONCLUSION: Combined multivitamins are amongst the most widely used supplements and are often preferred over single vitamins. Our meta-analysis indicates that multivitamin use is significantly protective against osteoporotic hip fracture. In the future, randomized controlled trials should be performed to establish multivitamins as effective preventative measures for this injury.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Osteoporose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Idoso , Suplementos Nutricionais , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Vitaminas
20.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 11, 2021 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415510

RESUMO

This is a survey study concerning osteoporosis care during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands. Respondents reported that osteoporosis care stagnated and lower quality of care was provided. This leads to the conclusion that standardization of osteoporosis care delivery in situations of crisis is needed. PURPOSE: During the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, there was no guidance of professional societies or guidelines on the organization of osteoporosis care in case of such a crisis, and treatment relied on local ad hoc strategies. Experiences from the current pandemic need to be taken into account for the near future, and therefore, a national multidisciplinary survey was carried out in the Netherlands. METHODS: A survey of 17 questions concerning the continuation of bone mineral density measurements by Dual Energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), outpatient clinic visits, and prescription of medication was sent to physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants working in the field of osteoporosis. RESULTS: 77 respondents finished the questionnaire, of whom 39 (50.6%) reported a decline in DXA-scanning and 36 (46.8%) no scanning at all during the pandemic. There was an increase in remote consultations for both new and control patient visits (n = 48, 62.3%; n = 62, 81.7% respectively). Lower quality of care regarding fracture prevention was reported by more than half of the respondents (n = 44, 57.1%). Treatment with intravenous bisphosphonates and denosumab was delayed according to 35 (45.4%) and 6 (6.3%) of the respondents, respectively. CONCLUSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, osteoporosis care almost completely arrested, especially because of the discontinuation of DXA-scanning and closing of outpatient clinics. More than half of the respondents reported a substantial lower quality of osteoporosis care during the COVID pandemic. To prevent an increase in fracture rates and a decrease in patient motivation, adherence and satisfaction, standardization of osteoporosis care delivery in situations of crisis is needed.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Absorciometria de Fóton , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários
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