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1.
Clin Sports Med ; 41(1): 15-26, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782071

RESUMO

Coronal malalignment of the patellofemoral joint may contribute to both instability as well as pain and joint overload. The use of distal realignment procedures has evolved to include uniplanar and multiplanar osteotomies, which allows patient-specific treatment. With a careful understanding of the complex pathoanatomy, including osseous, soft tissue, and dynamic muscular factors, an appropriately designed tibial tubercle osteotomy (TTO) is an invaluable tool for the orthopedic surgeon to improve joint biomechanics and off-load articular injuries. Current techniques have improved TTO surgery to limit complications and produce reliably good results.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Articulação Patelofemoral , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Patela , Articulação Patelofemoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Tíbia/cirurgia
2.
Clin Sports Med ; 41(1): 47-63, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782075

RESUMO

Valgus malalignment is an important risk factor in recurrent patella instability. This article explores the role of corrective osteotomy and discusses the various described methods both on the femoral and tibial sides of the joint. A detailed operative technique of medial closing wedge distal femoral osteotomy is included.


Assuntos
Geno Valgo , Instabilidade Articular , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/cirurgia , Geno Valgo/diagnóstico por imagem , Geno Valgo/cirurgia , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia
3.
Acta Ortop Mex ; 35(2): 132-136, 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731912

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hallux valgus is a high frequency disorder, affecting the first ray. Operative correction techniques have grown popularity lately. One of them is the Reverdin-Isham technique (first metatarsal medial incomplete osteotomy). Recently, a protection and osteotomy cutting guide has been developed: the BARU system. OBJECTIVE: To test the usefulness of the BARU system as a protective factor for soft structures adjacent to the surgical site and guidance for osteotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experimental cadaveric study. Six cadaveric feet (two fresh-frozen and four in formaldehyde solution), unapproached. Feet were numbered and intervened with RI technique, three of them with BARU system and three without it. Afterwards, dissection by two dissectors who did not know whether the BARU system had been used or not, establishing a single-blinded model. 13 structures were evaluated in each foot. Data was recovered into Microsoft Office Excel and processed with SPSS. 2 test (significative if p value < 0.05) and relative risk were calculated. RESULTS: Approach using BARU system was satisfactory, with usual-size operation-ports. BARU system colocation was simple and radiological control showed adequate spatial location. The device contributed as reference for cutting direction and depth. 65 out of the 78 searched structures were found (83.3%). Six injuries were found among the assessed structures: plantar medial nerve (one injury), plantar medial artery (one injury), flexor brevis muscle (three injuries), abductor muscle (one injury). Five of these injuries occurred in non-utilizing BARU system feet. CONCLUSION: Promising results in terms of protection of nearby structures, cutting guide, and ease of intervention. Avoids X-rays exposure. Not significant statistical calculations, the sample should be enlarged.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Cadáver , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 88(5): 382-385, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738899

RESUMO

Posterolateral fractures of the tibial plateau are difficult to address. Malunion can lead to early posttraumatic arthritis of the knee due to instability and elevated joint reaction forces. Arthroscopically assisted percutaneous reduction facilitates visualization and avoids open approaches either directly from posterolateral or from lateral with optional extension via a lateral epicondylus osteotomy. We describe and illustrate a minimal invasive technique using an arthroscopic posterolateral viewing portal. Using this technique, we demonstrated very good clinical outcome with excellent patient satisfaction. Key words: Schatzker, tibia head fracture, knee arthroscopy, multiligamentary injury.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas da Tíbia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Tíbia , Fraturas da Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 931, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of a tourniquet during high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a routine procedure, but there is currently no research on the benefits and potential risks of tourniquet use during HTO. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of tourniquet on perioperative blood loss, early functional recovery and complications in opening wedge HTO with modern tranexamic acid protocols. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent unilateral opening wedge HTO between January 2019 and September 2020. All patients were divided into two groups according to whether a tourniquet was applied during HTO. Patients in both groups received the same surgical procedures, tranexamic acid protocols and other perioperative treatments. Preoperative baseline data, intraoperative data, early postoperative recovery and all complications during the 3-month follow-up were collected and compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A total of 62 patients were enrolled in this study, including 32 in the tourniquet group and 30 in the non-tourniquet group. There was no significant difference in preoperative baseline data between the two groups (P > 0.05 in all). Intraoperative blood loss in the tourniquet group was significantly lower than that in the non-tourniquet group (80.22 ml versus 94.00 ml, P < 0.001), but there was no difference in total blood loss (187.39 ml versus 193.31 ml, P = 0.714). And no patient in either group required blood transfusion. In terms of early postoperative recovery, tourniquet use significantly increased pain scores and reduced knee range of motion on the first and second postoperative days, but there was no significant difference between the two groups at postoperative third day and third month. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of lower limb force line correction, length of stay, Knee Society Score or the incidence of complications during the 3-month follow-up (P > 0.05 in all). CONCLUSIONS: In opening wedge HTO with modern tranexamic acid protocols, not using a tourniquet does not increase perioperative total blood loss or the risk of complications, but facilitates early postoperative recovery by reducing pain and increasing range of motion.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Ácido Tranexâmico , Humanos , Osteotomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia , Torniquetes , Ácido Tranexâmico/efeitos adversos
6.
Foot Ankle Clin ; 26(4): 685-704, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752234

RESUMO

This article describes the 3 main surgical options for correction of congenital brachymetatarsia in childhood. The one-stage lengthening by lengthening osteotomy and lengthening with graft interposition are suitable for defects less than 10 mm. For the greater defects from 10 mm to more than 20 mm, gradual lengthening by callus distraction with an external or internal fixator is appropriate. Over the last years, callus distraction with an internal minifixator became commonly established because of the significantly improved aftercare with early full weight-bearing and high postoperative comfort for the child. All 3 surgical procedures are presented with comprehensive image material.


Assuntos
Deformidades Congênitas do Pé , Ossos do Metatarso , Osteogênese por Distração , Fixadores Externos , Humanos , Osteotomia , Suporte de Carga
7.
Foot Ankle Clin ; 26(4): 747-764, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752237

RESUMO

Clubfoot overcorrection can develop gradually over years and is characterized in school age by hindfoot valgus position due to excessive rigid peritalar eversion, sometimes accompanied by supramalleolar valgus malalignment. Surgical treatment is recommended in severe cases and consists of bony realignment at the peritalar complex by osteotomy or fusion, correction of the supramalleolar valgus deformity in younger children by hemiepiphyseodesis, or osteotomy in adolescents. In addition, dorsal bunion requires stabilization of the medial tarsometatarsal ray and transfer of the tendons of Mm. tibialis anterior and flexor hallucis longus.


Assuntos
Pé Torto Equinovaro , Adolescente , Criança , Pé Torto Equinovaro/cirurgia , , Humanos , Osteotomia , Tendões
8.
Foot Ankle Clin ; 26(4): 807-828, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752239

RESUMO

Treatment of juvenile hallux valgus can be challenging. Initial treatment with conservative measures is appropriate until exhausted. Surgical treatment should be delayed until after skeletal maturity when possible. Before any intervention, a thorough understanding of the whole patient and any underlying systemic contributors to their hallux valgus, in addition to the radiographic foot parameters, is imperative. Careful and individualized surgical planning should be done to optimize results and decrease the risk for recurrence.


Assuntos
Joanete , Hallux Valgus , Joanete/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Radiografia , Recidiva
9.
Foot Ankle Clin ; 26(4): 915-939, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752244

RESUMO

The pediatric flexible flatfoot is a common foot shape that is most often asymptomatic and may be a physiologic variant of normal. Surgery is only indicated when nonoperative interventions have failed to resolve symptoms. The goal of surgery is to alleviate symptoms by improving hindfoot alignment and restoring the medial arch while preserving joint mobility. This article focuses on the common bony techniques for surgical correction of the pediatric flexible flatfoot that has failed nonoperative management, including calcaneal, midfoot, and supramalleolar osteotomies and distal tibial hemiepiphyseodesis.


Assuntos
Calcâneo , Pé Chato , Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé , Criança , Pé Chato/diagnóstico por imagem , Pé Chato/cirurgia , , Humanos , Osteotomia
10.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(11): 1440-1448, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779171

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of modified distal tibial tubercle-high tibial osteotomy (DTT-HTO) and open-wedge HTO (OWHTO) in the treatment of medial compartment osteoarthritis. Methods: A clinical data of 80 patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis treated with HTO between January 2016 and January 2019 was retrospectively analyzed, including 40 patients treated with DTT-HTO (DTT-HTO group) and 40 patients treated with OWHTO (OWHTO group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, body mass index, affected side, disease duration, Kellgren-Lawrence grading of osteoarthritis, and preoperative knee society score (KSS), Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score, knee joint visual analogue scale (VAS) score, hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), posterior tibial slope (PTS), weight-bearing line ratio (WBL), Blackburne-Peel index (BPI), Caton-Deschamps index (CDI), and Insall-Salvati index (ISI) between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, incision length, bleeding volume, hospital stay, and complications in both groups were recorded. The KSS, HSS, and VAS scores were used to evaluated the effectiveness. A self-made questionnaire was used to evaluate the recovery of low-impact sports ability of the knee. X-ray films were used to observe the osteotomy healing and measure the HKA, PTS, WBL, and the patellar height indexes (BPI, CDI, ISI). Results: All operations successfully completed in both groups. The OWHTO group operated longer than the DTT-HTO group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incision length, bleeding volume, and hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). All incisions healed by first intention in both groups. There were 2 cases of lateral hinge fractures in the OWHTO group, and 1 case of lateral hinge fracture and 2 cases of tibial plateau fractures in the DTT-HTO group. No other complications occurred. The patients in both groups were followed up 2-4 years with an average of 2.8 years. The HSS, KSS, and VAS scores in both groups significantly improved after operation when compared with preoperative scores ( P<0.05). All scores gradually improved with the time and there were significant differences between different time points ( P<0.05). The HSS, KSS, and VAS scores were significantly better in the DTT-HTO group than in the OWHTO group at 3 months after operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years ( P>0.05). At 1 year, the low-impact sports ability of the OWHTO group was rated as excellent in 8 cases, general in 25 cases, and poor in 7 cases, and as excellent in 7 cases, general in 26 cases, and poor in 7 cases of the DTT-HTO group. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( Z=-0.715, P=0.475). X-ray film reexamination showed that the osteotomies healed in both groups. The healing time was (4.52±1.23) months in the OWHTO group, and (4.23±1.56) months in the DTT-HTO group, showing no significant difference ( t=0.923, P=0.359). At immediate after operation, the HKA and WBL of the two groups significantly improved when compared with the preoperative values ( P<0.05). However, the pre- and post-operational difference was not significant between the two groups ( P>0.05). The PTS of the OWHTO group was significantly higher than preoperative value ( P<0.05), while the PTS of the DTT-HTO group was lower than preoperative value ( P>0.05). The pre- and post-operational difference between the two groups was significant ( P<0.05). BPI and CDI in the OWHTO group were significantly lower than preoperative values ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in ISI when compared with preoperative value ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the BPI, CDI, and ISI of the DTT-HTO group between pre- and post-operation ( P>0.05). The pre- and post-operational differences of BPI and CDI between the two groups were significant ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the pre- and post-operational difference of ISI ( P>0.05). Conclusion: The two osteotomies in the treatment of medial compartment osteoarthritis can significantly change the varus deformity and achieve satisfactory effectiveness. The early functional recovery of DTT-HTO is faster, which can avoid the increased PTS and patellar baja of traditional OWHTO. However, neither of the two surgical procedures can restore the patient's ideal low-impact sports ability of the knee.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Patela , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tíbia/cirurgia
11.
Arthroscopy ; 37(11): 3324-3325, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740408

RESUMO

Realignment of the weightbearing axis by high tibial osteotomy (HTO) can alter the forces acting on the articular cartilage within the knee, reducing the load on the medial compartment. This unloading effect is thought to allow the repair of the articular cartilage of the affected compartment. It is important to evaluate the serial changes of joint space width (JSW) after HTO for assessing the state of the cartilage and the unloading effect by HTO. However, early postoperative knee JSW change is attributable to change in the joint line convergence angle after HTO and may not reflect cartilage regeneration. In addition, the soft tissue laxity of the knee and changes in joint line convergence angle after HTO should be considered for assessing these early postoperative JSW changes.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Regeneração , Tíbia/cirurgia
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 940, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Simultaneous bilateral distal tibial tubercle high tibial osteotomy (SBDTT-HTO) can result in increased blood loss. The aim of this study is to evaluate the actual hemostatic effect of different tranexamic acid (TXA) treatment regimen in SBDTT-HTO. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study including 54 patients who underwent SBDTT-HTO. The single-dose group (n = 18) received 1 g of intravenous TXA 15-30 min before surgery, the two-dose group (n = 18) received an additional 1 g of intravenous TXA 6 h after surgery, and the multiple-dose group (n = 18) received an additional 1 g intravenous TXA per-day until discharge. Blood loss, hemoglobin levels, occurrence of any adverse events,functional analysis, quality of life, and pain assessmentswere compared among the three groups. RESULTS: The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, drainage volumes, and haemoglobin level in the multiple-dose group all occupy a significant advantage.(p < 0.05). In addition, better quality of life were observed in patients belonging to the multiple-dose group then single-dose group.(p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Based on our results, for patients undergoing SBDTT-HTO, sequential intravenous TXA administration can effectively and safely reduce blood loss,maintain postoperative Hb levels,and with the advantage of accelerating recovery.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos , Ácido Tranexâmico , Administração Intravenosa , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Osteotomia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 943, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758801

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Approximately 30% of patients with hereditary multiple osteochondromas (HMO) have forearm deformity and dysfunction. The aim of this retrospective study was to review our experience with the surgical treatment of children with HMO and Masada IIb forearm deformities. METHODS: Data of eight children treated for HMO Masada IIb forearm deformity at our hospital between 2015 and 2019 were collected from the hospital records and retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent ulnar lengthening by distraction osteogenesis using either the Orthofix or Ilizarov external fixator. Range of movements at the elbow and wrist joints, and forearm supination/pronation, before and after the operation were recorded. Radiographs were evaluated by the Fogel method, and wrist joint function by the Krimmer method. RESULTS: Follow-up radiographs showed significant improvement in relative ulnar shortening after treatment (pre-operative 9.23 ± 5.21 mm; post-operative 0.33 ± 4.13 mm). Changes in radial articular angle (pre-operative 33.55° ± 3.88° to 32.78° ± 6.57°) and carpal slip (pre-operative 45.00% ± 19.09%; post-operative 43.13% ± 16.68%) were not significant. Elbow flexion and extension, wrist flexion and extension, ulnar and radial deviation at wrist, and forearm rotation were significantly improved after surgery. Wrist function was graded as excellent in seven patients and as good in one patient. One patient treated with the Ilizarov external fixator had poor radial head reduction. CONCLUSION: Ulnar lengthening with distraction osteogenesis is an effective treatment for HMO Masada IIb deformities. The optimum site for ulnar osteotomy appears to be at the proximal one-third to one-fourth of the ulna.


Assuntos
Exostose Múltipla Hereditária , Criança , Exostose Múltipla Hereditária/diagnóstico por imagem , Exostose Múltipla Hereditária/cirurgia , Antebraço/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteotomia , Rádio (Anatomia)/diagnóstico por imagem , Rádio (Anatomia)/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ulna/diagnóstico por imagem , Ulna/cirurgia
14.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 26(4): 571-579, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789092

RESUMO

Background: The trans-olecranon approach is commonly used to treat intra-articular distal humeral fractures (DHFs). We describe an osteotomy site repair technique that is both simple and safe. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 30 patients with intra-articular DHFs who were treated via olecranon osteotomies repaired by tension band wiring (TBW) with ring pins. Medical records and radiographs were retrospectively assessed in terms of injuries, operative characteristics, clinical outcomes, and complications, as well as any need for hardware removal. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by deriving the range-of-motion and the Mayo elbow performance score. Results: Thirty patients (nine men, 21 women; mean age, 49.7 years) with Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) type 13-B and 13-C DHFs were included; the mean follow-up time was 49.9 months (range, 12-145 months). Anatomical reduction and bony union were achieved at all osteotomy sites. The mean elbow flexion was 121.7° (range, 100-135°) and the mean elbow extension was 11.3° (range, 0-30°). The mean Mayo elbow performance score was 90 points (range, 55-100 points); outcomes were excellent in 15 patients, good in 12 patients, fair in two patients, and poor in one patient. Olecranon implant removal was performed for 10 patients (33.3%; total removal in nine and isolated olecranon implant removal in one). Four of these patients (13.3%) complained of olecranon implant discomfort. Implants were removed during other surgical procedures from the remaining six patients (20%). No implant migration/breakage or wound complications were encountered. Conclusions: TBW with ring pins is a simple and safe method for olecranon osteotomy site repair.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo , Olécrano , Articulação do Cotovelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Cotovelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Olécrano/diagnóstico por imagem , Olécrano/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 988, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies explaining the relationship between hip and spine reported that spinal corrective surgery affected acetabular orientation and changes in pelvic tilt were capable of influencing radiographic measures of acetabular coverage. This study aimed to assess the change in coronal parameters for acetabular coverage as a result of adult spinal deformity (ASD) correction and to analyze the relationship between the postoperative changes in sagittal spinopelvic parameters and coronal acetabular coverage parameters. METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive patients who had undergone multilevel spinal surgical correction were enrolled and evaluated. Coronal acetabular coverage parameters included Tönnis angle (TA), lateral center edge angle (LCEA), and the angle of Sharp (SA). All radiographic parameters were evaluated at the preoperative and the postoperative 1 year. Paired t test was used to determine whether there were significant changes between the time points. Bivariate correlation and linear regression analysis were used to assess the relationship between the postoperative changes of spinal alignment and acetabular orientation. RESULTS: The surgical correction resulted in significant decrease of TA, increase of LCEA and SA, respectively (p < 0.001). The changes in pelvic tilt (PT) demonstrated weak correlation on TA (ß = 0.117, p < 0.001 for right; ß = 0.111, p < 0.001 for left). CONCLUSIONS: Although the surgical correction of ASD significantly changed PT resulting in increased acetabular lateral coverage parameters, the correlation between the changes of PT following sagittal correction of ASD and acetabular coverage parameters was low. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was retrospectively registered with approval by the institutional review board (IRB) of our institution (approval number: KHNMC-2020-10-010).


Assuntos
Acetábulo , Cabeça do Fêmur , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Osteotomia , Postura , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coluna Vertebral
16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 990, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes after medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction combined with supracondylar biplanar femoral derotation osteotomy (FDO) in recurrent patellar dislocation (RPD) with increased femoral anteversion angle (FAA) and genu valgum. METHODS: Between January 2017 to December 2020, a total of 13 consecutive patients (13 knees, 4 males and 9 females, mean age 18.7 (range, 15-29 years) with RPD with increased FAA (FAA > 25°) and genu valgum (mechanical axis deformity of ≥5°) who underwent supracondylar biplanar FDO using a Tomofix-locking plate combined with MPFL reconstruction in our institution were included. Preoperative full-leg standing radiographs, lateral views, and hip-knee-ankle computed tomography (CT) scans were used to evaluate the mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA), anatomical femorotibial angle (aFTA), mechanical axis, patellar height, tibial tubercle-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance, and torsional angle of the tibial and femoral in the axial plane. Patient reported outcomes were evaluated using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Kujala score, Lysholm score, visual analog scale (VAS), and Tegner score preoperatively and postoperatively. Postoperative CT scans were used to evaluate the changes of FAA and TT-TG, and full-leg standing radiographs was used to evaluate the changes of mLDFA, aFTA, and mechanical axis. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients (13 knees) were included with an average follow-up period of 26.7 months (range 24-33). No cases developed wound infection, soft tissue irritation, and recurrent patellar dislocation during the follow-up period after surgery. Bone healing at the osteotomy site was achieved in all cases, and all patients regained full extension and flexion. Clinical outcomes (VAS, Kujala, IKDC, Lysholom, and Tegner scores) improved significantly at the final follow-up after surgery (p < 0.05). The mean mLDFA, aFTA, mechanical axis, and TT-TG distance showed statistically significant improvement following the combined surgery (p < 0.05), while the CDI did not change significantly after surgery (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: MPFL reconstruction combined with supracondylar biplanar FDO showed satisfactory clinical outcomes and radiographic results in the short-term follow-up period.


Assuntos
Geno Valgo , Instabilidade Articular , Luxação Patelar , Articulação Patelofemoral , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos Articulares , Masculino , Osteotomia , Luxação Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia , Articulação Patelofemoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Patelofemoral/cirurgia , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 55(5): 410-416, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiological results of three different techniques (plate-screw, tension band, and intramedullary nail) in the fixation of olecranon osteotomy in patients with intercondylar fracture of the distal humerus surgically treated by the olecranon osteotomy approach. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2018, the study was initiated with 52 patients who underwent an olecranon osteotomy approach for an AO Type C distal humerus fracture. Thirty-seven patients (19 male, 18 female) who had regular control data and a final control examination were included in the study. In osteotomy fixation, we used tension band (K wire cerclage + Screw cerclage) in 20 patients, plate-screw in eight patients, and intramedullary nail fixation in nine patients. The functional evaluation included a measurement of the range of joint motion (flexion, extension, supination, pronation); MAYO elbow performance score; disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score; and comparative grip strength measurement, and a subjective pain assessment was performed using the visual analogue scale. RESULTS: The mean duration of follow-up was 44 (12-84) months. The mean time to union was 14 (7-32) weeks in patients that achieved union. The mean DASH score was 22 (0-72.7), the meanMAYOelbow performance score was 84 (35-100), and the mean VAS score was 3 (1-7). The mean grip strength was 32 (8-64) kgw in the treated extremity and 37 (17-70) kgw in the intact extremity. No statistically significant difference was detected between olecranon osteotomy fixation methods (tension band, plate-screw osteosynthesis, and intramedullary nailing) in terms of union time, DASH score, MAYO scale score, VAS score, extension, supination, and pronation (P > 0.05). The average grip strength (kgw) was lower than that in the uninvolved extremity, and this ratio was statistically significant (P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: The results of this study have shown that successful and comparable radiological and functional outcomes can be obtained by all the three different olecranon osteotomy techniques in the surgical treatment of intercondylar fracture of the distal humerus. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Therapeutic Study.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Úmero , Olécrano , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Úmero , Masculino , Olécrano/diagnóstico por imagem , Olécrano/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(8): 2784-2787, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727480

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Mandibular angle osteotomy with outer cortex grinding has become the preferred cosmetic procedure for correcting square faces. After surgery, bone hyperplasia at the mandibular angle affects the operation result. This study evaluated the effect of the masticatory muscles on bone repair. From January 2016 to January 2019, patients who underwent mandibular angle osteotomy with outer cortex grinding were retrospectively reviewed. Computed tomography data of these patients were collected, and the bone volume of the mandibular angle changes and its correlation with masticatory muscle morphology were analyzed. Computed tomography data measurement results showed that a large amount of bone in the mandibular angle area was removed by the operation; however, the long-term follow-up results showed that there was bone hyperplasia in the mandibular angle areas. Compared with the immediate postoperative bone volume, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The thickness and cross-sectional area of the masseter muscle were significantly related to bone regeneration (P < 0.01). This study suggests that mandibular angle osteotomy with outer cortex grinding could ablate the symptoms of a prominent mandibular angle; however, muscle-related bone hyperplasia in the mandibular angle area after surgery was a non-negligible event, which may significantly compromise surgical outcomes.


Assuntos
Músculo Masseter , Osteotomia , Regeneração Óssea , Humanos , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Músculos da Mastigação/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(8): e751-e754, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727451

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The success of surgery first approach has been defined by the number of advantages offered and is definitively determined by the satisfaction of the patients themselves. The strength of this protocol resides in its philosophy that puts the patient at the center of the whole diagnostic-therapeutic process. The compliance of the patient, its happiness and comfort are the best guarantee of a good final results. While pursuing this philosophy we have wondered whether there was way to increase the comfort of surgery first approach even more and to make it even more appealing for the patients. For these reasons, we have decided to work on a preliminary protocol in order to reduce or even eliminate the use of orthodontic braces and wires during perioperative stages. Materials and Methods: No orthodontic braces or wires are bonded on the teeth before surgery. Intraoperatory intermaxillary fixation (IMF) is carried out with the use of IMF screws which are positioned at the beginning of the operation on the edge between keratinized and nonkeratinized gingiva. Once the osteotomies are performed IMF with IMF screws is carried out on the planned occlusion with the use of surgical splints.Discussion and Conclusions: In selected cases the postsurgical orthodontic treatment can be carried out with the use of clear aligners, completely eliminating the need of braces and wires with an additional level of comfort.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Técnicas de Fixação da Arcada Osseodentária , Fios Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Osteotomia
20.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(11): 1686-1694, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719267

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine the relationship between articular cartilage status and clinical outcomes after medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOHTO) for medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis at intermediate follow-up. METHODS: We reviewed 155 patients (155 knees) who underwent MOHTO from January 2008 to December 2016 followed by second-look arthroscopy with a mean 5.3-year follow-up (2.0 to 11.7). Arthroscopic findings were assessed according to the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) Cartilage Repair Assessment (CRA) grading system. Patients were divided into two groups based on the presence of normal or nearly normal quality cartilage in the medial femoral condyle: good (second-look arthroscopic) status (ICRS grade I or II; n = 70), and poor (second-look arthroscopic) status (ICRS grade III or IV; n = 85) groups at the time of second-look arthroscopy. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and 36-Item Short Form survey. RESULTS: Significant improvements in all clinical outcome categories were found between the preoperative and second-look arthroscopic assessments in both groups (p < 0.001). At the latest follow-up, the mean IKDC and WOMAC scores in the good status group further improved compared with those at the time of second-look arthroscopic surgery (p < 0.001), which was not shown in the poor status group. The mean IKDC (good status, 72.8 (SD 12.5); poor status, 64.7 (SD 12.1); p = 0.002) and mean WOMAC scores (good status, 15.7 (SD 10.8); poor status, 21.8 (SD 13.6); p = 0.004) significantly differed between both groups at the latest follow-up. Moreover, significant correlations were observed between ICRS CRA grades and IKDC scores (negative correlation; p < 0.001) and WOMAC scores (positive correlation; p < 0.001) at the latest follow-up. Good cartilage status was found more frequently in knees with the desired range of 2° to 6° valgus correction than in those with corrections outside this range (p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: Second-look arthroscopic cartilage status correlated with clinical outcomes after MOHTO at intermediate-term follow-up, despite the relatively small clinical differences between groups. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(11):1686-1694.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Cirurgia de Second-Look/métodos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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