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1.
J Am Coll Surg ; 234(5): 928-937, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35426407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic duct diameter and pancreatic texture are important predictive factors for a postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and are assessed intraoperatively by the surgeon. However, surgical evaluation is arbitrary and difficult to objectify, especially in minimally invasive approaches in pancreatic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 275 patients that underwent pancreatoduodenectomy from 2012 to 2019 at our institution. Pancreatic duct diameter and pancreatic fibrosis were assessed by histopathologic examination of the pancreatic resection margin using intraoperative frozen sections and correlated with the occurrence of POPF and clinically relevant POPF (CR-POPF). RESULTS: The POPF and CR-POPF rates were 27% and 19%, respectively. Univariate analysis indicated that the indication for surgery, the surgically determined pancreatic duct diameter, and pancreatic texture, as well as the histopathologically determined pancreatic duct diameter and pancreatic fibrosis were significant predictive factors for POPF and CR-POPF. A multivariate analysis revealed histopathologically determined pancreatic duct diameter and pancreatic fibrosis as independent risk factors for POPF (OR [odds ratio] 2.3 [1.1 to 4.5], p = 0.022 and OR 2.4 [1.1 to 5.1], p = 0.023, respectively) and CR-POPF (OR 2.2 [1.1 to 4.8], p = 0.037 and OR 2.6 [1.1 to 6.1], p = 0.036). CONCLUSIONS: Histopathologically determined pancreatic duct diameter and pancreatic fibrosis are quantitatively measurable independent risk factors for POPF and CR-POPF. An intraoperative objective histopathologic evaluation of these parameters using frozen sections could support the surgical assessment of the pancreatic duct diameter and the pancreatic texture.


Assuntos
Pancreatopatias , Fístula Pancreática , Fibrose , Humanos , Margens de Excisão , Pancreatopatias/cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
2.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 49(4): 478-481, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444141

RESUMO

In performing PD, it is very important to understand the running and anatomy of the hepatic artery and the positional relation with the tumor before surgery, leading to planning a proper surgical procedure. In this case series, we report 2 cases in which radical resection was achieved by pancreaticoduodenectomy(PD)with combined hepatic artery resection(without reconstruction)while paying attention to the positional relationship between the bifurcated hepatic artery and the tumor in the head of the pancreas. Case 1: A 73-year-old man. He visited the hospital with jaundice and was diagnosed with distal bile duct cancer. Preoperative contrast-enhanced CT showed that the replaced right hepatic artery(RRHA)was involved by the tumor. Intraoperatively, it was confirmed by ultrasonography that the arterial blood flow in the right lobe of the liver was flowing from the left hepatic artery through the hepatic hilar plate after clamping the right hepatic artery. Thus, PD with combined RRHA resection(without reconstruction)was performed. After the operation, there was no problem with hepatic artery blood flow, and R0 resection was achieved. Case 2: A 65-year-old man. He visited the hospital with jaundice as the chief complaint and was diagnosed with pancreatic head cancer with encasement in the proper hepatic artery(PHA). In this case, the right hepatic artery branches from the SMA and the left hepatic artery branches from the left gastric artery. Intraoperative findings showed no problem with hepatic artery blood flow even after test-clamping the common hepatic artery, and the common hepatic artery was not reconstructed. There is no postoperative complication, and R0 resection was achieved pathologically. Conclusion: For pancreatic head tumors with hepatic artery infiltration, it is important to understand the anatomy of hepatic artery preoperatively and to confirm the intraoperative blood flow. In such cases, pancreaticoduodenectomy with hepatic artery resection may contribute to achieving R0.


Assuntos
Icterícia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Idoso , Artéria Hepática/cirurgia , Humanos , Icterícia/etiologia , Masculino , Pancreatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos
4.
BJS Open ; 6(2)2022 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35470380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested postoperative acute pancreatitis (POAP) as a serious complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and have speculated on its possible role in the pathogenesis of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). This study aimed to assess the impact of POAP on post-PD outcomes and fistula risk score (FRS) performance in predicting POAP. METHODS: All PDs at Helsinki University Hospital between 2013 and 2020 were analysed. POAP was defined as a plasma amylase activity greater than the normal upper limit on postoperative day (POD) 1 and stratified as clinically relevant (CR)-POAP once C-reactive protein (CRP) reached or exceeded 180 mg/l, and non-CR-POAP once CRP was less than 180 mg/l on POD 2. The Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI) was used to assess total postoperative morbidity. Different FRSs were assessed using receiver operating characteristic curves. RESULTS: Of the 508 patients included, POAP occurred in 202 (39.8 per cent) patients, of whom 91 (17.9 per cent) had CR-POAP. The incidence of CR-POPF was 12.6 per cent (64 patients). Patients with non-CR-POAP had a similar morbidity to patients with no POAP (median CCI score 24.2 versus 22.6; P = 0.142), while CCI score was significantly higher (37.2) in patients with CR-POAP (P < 0.001). CR-POAP was associated with increased rates of CR-POPF, delayed gastric emptying, haemorrhage, and bile leak, while non-CR-POAP was associated only with CR-POPF. Ninety-day mortality was 1.6 per cent, 0.9 per cent, and 3.3 per cent in patients with no-POAP, non-CR-POAP, and CR-POAP, respectively. Updated alternative FRS showed the best performance in predicting CR-POAP (area under the curve 0.834). CONCLUSION: CR-POAP was associated with a higher CCI score, suggesting CR-POAP as a distinct entity from non-CR-POAP. FRSs can be used to assess the risk of CR-POAP.


Assuntos
Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Proteína C-Reativa , Humanos , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreatite/epidemiologia , Pancreatite/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(15): e29138, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35475800

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Gangliocytic paraganglioma (GP) is a rare tumor that mostly develops in the duodenum and is composed of the following 3 cell types: epithelioid endocrine, spindle-like, and ganglion-like cells. It manifests as symptoms such as abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, and weight loss; however, occasionally, it is incidentally detected on endoscopic or radiologic examinations. Although GP is usually benign, it can metastasize to the lymph nodes, and distant metastases have been reported in some cases. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 46-year-old woman presented with anemia on health surveillance examination. She had no other specific symptoms, and her physical examination did not reveal any abnormal finding. DIAGNOSIS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed, and the endoscopist obtained samples from the inner side of the ampullary mass. Pathological examination suggested GP or a neuroendocrine tumor. INTERVENTIONS: Initially, we planned transduodenal ampullectomy with lymph node excision. However, there was severe fibrosis around the duodenum, and an examination of a frozen biopsy sample from the periduodenal lymph node showed atypical cells in the lymph node. Therefore, we performed pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy with lymph node dissection. OUTCOMES: The final pathological diagnosis was GP located in the ampulla of Vater. The GP showed lymphovascular and perineural invasion and invaded the duodenal wall. Furthermore, 4 out of 18 harvested lymph nodes showed metastasis. LESSONS: We described a case of GP confined to the ampulla with regional lymph node metastasis and reviewed published literature on ampullary GP with lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Duodenais , Paraganglioma , Neoplasias Duodenais/patologia , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico , Paraganglioma/patologia , Paraganglioma/cirurgia
6.
Ann Ital Chir ; 93: 248-253, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35476642

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to examine the effects of isolated Roux loop (IP) versus conventional pancreaticojejunostomy (CP) techniques on the rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula and its severity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included retrospectively collected data from 132 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy in a single institute. Collected data were compared between IP and CP groups. Postoperative pancreatic fistula and its grades were defined according to International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula (ISGPF) definition. RESULTS: A total of 58 patients had IP and 74 patients had CP. Biochemical leak (IP 20.6% versus CP 14.9%, p=0.38) and grade B/C pancreatic fistula (IP 20.6% versus CP 32.4%, p=0.13) rates of both groups were similar. Durations of hospital stay and intensive care unit stay and 30-day mortality rates of the two groups were similar. CONCLUSION: Isolated Roux loop reconstruction following pancreaticoduodenectomy is not associated with a lower rate of pancreatic fistula but may contribute to reducing the severity of pancreatic fistula. KEY WORDS: Anastomotic leak, Pancreatic fistula, Pancreaticoduodenectomy, Roux en y anastomosis.


Assuntos
Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Pancreaticojejunostomia , Humanos , Pancreatectomia , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/prevenção & controle , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Pancreaticojejunostomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e936114, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35422455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Pancreatoduodenectomy is an extensive procedure with a very high risk of complications. Appropriate intraoperative fluid therapy is a subject of ongoing debate. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the relationship between selected preoperative parameters, intraoperative fluid therapy, and catecholamines administration during pancreatoduodenectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS From 2011 through 2017, among pancreatoduodenectomies performed at a single university hospital, 192 patients met the inclusion criteria of the study: 105 (54.7%) males and 87 (45.3%) females with a mean age of 60.06 (±11.63) years. Correlations were assessed between sex, age, body mass index (BMI), selected comorbidities, surgery duration, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status (PS) scale, preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and intraoperative catecholamine administration, intraoperative fluid supply, red blood cell (RBC) concentrate and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) supply, blood loss, and diuresis. RESULTS A need for catecholamines has been shown to be more frequent in smokers (P=0.01), patients with cardiovascular comorbidities (P=0.037), high ASA PS scores (P=0.003), and preoperative ERCP (P=0.011). The need for intraoperative transfusion of RBC concentrate was more frequent in smokers (P=0.005). Surgical time was significantly longer in males (P=0.014). Among females, liberal intraoperative fluid therapy (>7.9 ml/kg/h) was more frequent in patients with thyroid comorbidities (P=0.003). CONCLUSIONS The findings of this retrospective study demonstrate the influence of comorbidities, ASA PS class, and catecholamine use on fluid therapy during pancreatoduodenectomy.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Catecolaminas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e057128, 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379633

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest cancers and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is recommended as the optimal operation for resectable pancreatic head cancer. Minimally invasive surgery, which initially emerged as hybrid-laparoscopy and recently developed into total laparoscopy surgery, has been widely used for various abdominal surgeries. However, controversy persists regarding whether laparoscopic PD (LPD) is inferior to open PD (OPD) for resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) treatment. Further studies, especially randomised clinical trials, are warranted to compare these two surgical techniques. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The TJDBPS07 study is designed as a prospective, randomised controlled, parallel-group, open-label, multicentre noninferiority study. All participating pancreatic surgical centres comprise specialists who have performed no less than 104 LPDs and OPDs, respectively. A total of 200 strictly selected PD candidates diagnosed with PDAC will be randomised to receive LPD or OPD. The primary outcome is the 5-year overall survival rate, whereas the secondary outcomes include overall survival, disease-free survival, 90-day mortality, complication rate, comprehensive complication index, length of stay and intraoperative indicators. We hypothesise that LPD is not inferior to OPD for the treatment of resectable PDAC. The enrolment schedule is estimated to be 2 years and follow-up for each patient will be 5 years. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study received approval from the Tongji Hospital Ethics Committee of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, and monitor from an independent third-party organisation. Results of this trial will be presented in international meetings and published in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03785743.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
Zentralbl Chir ; 147(2): 173-187, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35378558

RESUMO

Despite advances in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, the survival of affected patients remains limited. A more radical surgical therapy could help to improve the prognosis, in particular by reducing the local recurrence rate, which is around 45% in patients with resected pancreatic cancer. In addition, patients with oligometastatic pancreatic cancer could also benefit from a more radical indication for surgery.Based on an analysis of the literature, important principles of pancreatic cancer surgery were examined.Even if even more radical surgical approaches such as an "extended" lymphadenectomy or a standard complete pancreatectomy do not bring any survival advantage, complete resection of the tumour (R0), a thorough locoregional lymphadenectomy and an adequate radical dissection in the area of the peripancreatic vessels including periarterial nerve plexuses should be the standard of pancreatic carcinoma resections. Whenever necessary to achieve an R0 resection, resections of the pancreas have to be extended, as well as additional venous vascular resections and multivisceral resections had to be performed. Simultaneous arterial vascular resections as part of pancreatic resections as well as surgical resections in oligometastatic patients should, however, be reserved for selected patients. These aspects of the surgical technique in pancreatic carcinoma mentioned above must not be neglected from the point of view of an "existing limited prognosis". On the contrary, they form the absolutely necessary basis in order to achieve good survival results in combination with system therapy. However, it may always be necessary to adapt these standards according to the age, comorbidities and wishes of the patient.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos
14.
ANZ J Surg ; 92(5): 1097-1104, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35388582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) is still a challenging complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). This study aims to explore the predictors of CR-POPF after PD, including net parenchymal thickness (NPT) of pancreatic neck. METHODS: The consecutive patients who underwent PD at a tertiary hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted on the perioperative data, which was mainly extracted from the objective data, containing the results from the laboratory tests and the imaging examination. NPT refers to the total thickness of pancreatic gland excluding main pancreatic duct (MPD) at the CT film. RESULTS: Univariate analyses showed that total serum bilirubin (TBiL) and albumin (ALB) levels, MPD size and NPT were significantly different between the patients with and without CR-POPF. The white blood cell count, the rate of intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and the postoperative length of hospital stay (LOS) were associated with the incidence of CR-POPF. The proportion of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma or chronic pancreatitis was significantly lower in the CR-POPF group than in the non-CR-POPF group. Multivariate analyses manifested that ALB ≤35 g/L and NPT >10 mm were two of the independent risk factors for CR-POPF. CONCLUSION: Preoperative ALB ≤35 g/L and NPT > 10 mm were both the independent predictors of CR-POPF. CR-POPF was associated with the higher IAI rate and the extended LOS.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Fístula Pancreática/diagnóstico , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
ANZ J Surg ; 92(5): 1105-1109, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Duodenal adenocarcinoma (DA) is a rare gastrointestinal malignancy. There is limited data reporting patient outcomes following radical pancreatic resection for DA. We assessed the disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for DA in our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed all patients undergoing pancreatic resection of DA at our institution between January 2009 and March 2020 inclusive. RESULTS: Ninteen patients underwent pancreatic resection at our institution for DA during the study period. The overall postoperative morbidity and mortality was 37% and 5%, respectively. Nine patients (47%) had no nodal involvement. Median follow up was 25 months (range 1-108 months). Median DFS for our whole cohort was 17 months but was significantly higher in patients with no nodal metastasis [p < 0.001]. Median OS was 9.5 months for the whole cohort but was significantly higher in the patients with no nodal metastasis (60 months) compared to those with nodal metastasis (17.5 months) [p < 0.003]. CONCLUSION: Improved DFS and OS for patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for DAs is associated with lymph node negative disease.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Duodenais , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 127, 2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35366868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the application value of free omental wrapping and modified pancreaticojejunostomy in pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: The clinical data of 175 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analysed. In total, 86 cases were divided into Group A (omental wrapping and modified pancreaticojejunostomy) and 89 cases were divided into Group B (control group). The incidences of postoperative pancreatic fistula and other complications were compared between the two groups, and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine the potential risk factors for postoperative pancreatic fistula. Risk factors associated with postoperative overall survival were identified using Cox regression. RESULTS: The incidences of grade B/C pancreatic fistula, bile leakage, delayed bleeding, and reoperation in Group A were lower than those in Group B, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Group A had an earlier drainage tube extubation time, earlier return to normal diet time and shorter postoperative hospital stay than the control group (P < 0.05). The levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and procalcitonin (PCT) inflammatory factors 1, 3 and 7 days after surgery also showed significant. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 24, pancreatic duct diameter less than 3 mm, no isolation of the greater omental flap and modified pancreaticojejunostomy were independent risk factors for pancreatic fistula (P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that age ≥ 65 years old, body mass index ≥ 24, pancreatic duct diameter less than 3 mm, no isolation of the greater omental flap isolation and modified pancreaticojejunostomy, and malignant postoperative pathology were independent risk factors associated with postoperative overall survival (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Wrapping and isolating the modified pancreaticojejunostomy with free greater omentum can significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula and related complications, inhibit the development of inflammation, and favourably affect prognosis.


Assuntos
Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Pancreaticojejunostomia , Idoso , Humanos , Pancreatectomia/efeitos adversos , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreaticojejunostomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
BMJ Open ; 12(4): e054138, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418425

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Partial pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is the treatment of choice for many malignant and benign diseases of the pancreatic head. Postoperative complication rates of up to 40% are regularly reported. One of the most common and potentially life-threatening complication is the postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Parenchymal risk factors like main pancreatic duct diameter or texture of the pancreatic gland have already been identified in retrospective studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of parenchymal risk factors on POPF in a prospective manner. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: All patients scheduled for elective PD at the Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery of the University of Heidelberg will be screened for eligibility. As diagnostic factors, diameter and texture of the pancreatic gland as well as radiological and histopathological features will be recorded. Furthermore, the new four class risk classification system by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS) will be recorded. The postoperative course will be monitored prospectively. The primary endpoint will be the association of the main pancreatic duct size and the texture of the pancreatic gland on POPF according to the updated ISGPS definition. The diagnostic value of the above-mentioned factors for POPF will be evaluated in a univariable and multivariable analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: PARIS is a monocentric, prospective, diagnostic study to evaluate the association of parenchymal risk factors and the development of POPF approved by the Ethics Committee of the medical faculty of Heidelberg University (S-344/2019). Results will be available in 2022 and will be published at national and international meetings. With this knowledge, the intraoperative and perioperative decision-making process could be eased and improve the individual outcome of patient. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00017184.


Assuntos
Fístula Pancreática , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Humanos , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Pancreatology ; 22(3): 421-426, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35304104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Somatostatin analogues (SA) are currently used to prevent postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) development. However, its use is controversial. This study investigated the effect of different SA protocols on the incidence of POPF after pancreatoduodenectomy in a nationwide population. METHODS: All patients undergoing elective open pancreatoduodenectomy were included from the Dutch Pancreatic Cancer Audit (2014-2017). Patients were divided into six groups: no SA, octreotide, lanreotide, pasireotide, octreotide only in high-risk (HR) patients and lanreotide only in HR patients. Primary endpoint was POPF grade B/C. The updated alternative Fistula Risk Score was used to compare POPF rates across various risk scenarios. RESULTS: 1992 patients were included. Overall POPF rate was 13.1%. Lanreotide (10.0%), octreotide-HR (9.4%) and no protocol (12.7%) POPF rates were lower compared to the other protocols (varying from 15.1 to 19.1%, p = 0.001) in crude analysis. Sub-analysis in patients with HR of POPF showed a significantly lower rate of POPF when treated with lanreotide (10.0%) compared to no protocol, octreotide and pasireotide protocol (21.6-26.9%, p = 0.006). Octreotide-HR and lanreotide-HR protocol POPF rates were comparable to lanreotide protocol, however not significantly different from the other protocols. Multivariable regression analysis demonstrated lanreotide protocol to be positively associated with a low odds-ratio (OR) for POPF (OR 0.387, 95% CI 0.180-0.834, p = 0.015). In-hospital mortality rates were not affected. CONCLUSION: Use of lanreotide in all patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy has a potential protective effect on POPF development. Protocols for HR patients only might be favorable too. However, future studies are warranted to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Fístula Pancreática , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Humanos , Octreotida/uso terapêutico , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/prevenção & controle , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Somatostatina/uso terapêutico
19.
Surg Oncol ; 41: 101736, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35303492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Centrally located pancreatic lesions are often treated with extended pancreaticoduodenectomy or distal pancreatectomy resulting in loss of healthy parenchyma and a high risk of diabetes and exocrine insufficiency. Robotic central pancreatectomy (RCP) is a parenchyma sparring alternative that has been shown safe and feasible [1,2]. METHODS: In this article, we describe our operative technique and the perioperative outcomes of a series of RCP for low-grade or benign pancreatic tumors. RESULTS: Six patients (5 female and 1 man) with a median age of 51.5 (44-68) years underwent a RCP for 2 serous cystadenomas, 2 mucinous cystic tumors, 1 neuroendocrine tumor, and 1 autoimmune pancreatitis. There were no conversions, intraoperative complications, or perioperative transfusions. Median operative time and was 240 (230-291) minutes and median blood loss was 100 (100-400) ml. The median hospital stay was 8 (5-27) days. There were no mortalities, reoperations, or readmissions. One patient developed a grade B pancreatic fistula which was successfully managed conservatively. All resections had free margins and the median tumor size was 2.5 (1.5-3.5) cm. After a mean follow-up of 46 months, no patients presented new-onset diabetes or exocrine insufficiency. CONCLUSIONS: RCP represents the least invasive option for both the patient and the pancreatic parenchyma. With a standardized technique, RCP results in low postoperative morbidity and excellent long-term pancreatic function. Although our results are excellent, POPF still represents the main complication of central pancreatectomy with an incidence ranging from 0 to 80% depending on multiple factors such as the surgeon, technique, and pancreatic texture.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos
20.
Can J Surg ; 65(2): E135-E142, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35236667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to define the appropriateness of interventions for the prevention of postoperative pancreatic fistulas (POPF) after pancreatectomy, given the lack of consistent data on this topic. METHODS: Using the RAND/UCLA appropriateness method, we assembled an expert panel to rate clinical scenarios for interventions to prevent POPF after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and distal pancreatectomy (DP). RESULTS: The following interventions were rated appropriate: individualized risk prediction for all patients; perioperative pasireotide administration for patients undergoing PD who have a soft pancreatic gland and a pancreatic duct size of less 3 mm and for patients undergoing DP; pancreaticogastrostomy for patients undergoing PD who have a soft pancreatic gland and pancreaticojejunostomy for PD for patients with a pancreatic duct size of 6 mm or greater regardless of pancreatic gland texture; duct-to-mucosa anastomosis for all patients undergoing PD and dunking anastomosis for patients undergoing PD who have a pancreatic duct size of less than 3 mm with a firm pancreatic gland; simple stapled and reinforced stapled transection for all DP; surgical drains for PD and DP in patients with a soft pancreatic gland; and open and minimally invasive surgery for DP and open surgery for PD. The following were rated inappropriate: gastrointestinal anastomosis for stump closure in all DP and omission of surgical drain in PD for patients with a pancreatic duct diameter less than 3 mm and a soft pancreatic gland. CONCLUSION: The expert panel identified appropriate and inappropriate scenarios for POPF prevention following pancreatectomy, to provide guidance to clinicians. However, the appropriateness of the interventions in the majority of the clinical scenarios was rated as uncertain, demonstrating equipoise.


Assuntos
Pancreatectomia , Fístula Pancreática , Canadá , Humanos , Pâncreas , Pancreatectomia/efeitos adversos , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Fístula Pancreática/prevenção & controle , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle
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