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1.
Dis Model Mech ; 16(5)2023 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481478

RESUMO

Modifier genes contribute significantly to our understanding of pathophysiology in human diseases; however, effective approaches to identify modifier genes are still lacking. Here, we aim to develop a rapid F0-based genetic assay in adult zebrafish using the bag3 gene knockout (bag3e2/e2) cardiomyopathy model as a paradigm. First, by utilizing a classic genetic breeding approach, we identified dnajb6b as a deleterious modifier gene for bag3 cardiomyopathy. Next, we established an F0-based genetic assay in adult zebrafish through injection of predicted microhomology-mediated end joining (MMEJ)-inducing single guide RNA/Cas9 protein complex. We showed that effective gene knockdown is maintained in F0 adult fish, enabling recapitulation of both salutary modifying effects of the mtor haploinsufficiency and deleterious modifying effects of the dnajb6b gene on bag3 cardiomyopathy. We finally deployed the F0-based genetic assay to screen differentially expressed genes in the bag3 cardiomyopathy model. As a result, myh9b was identified as a novel modifier gene for bag3 cardiomyopathy. Together, these data prove the feasibility of an F0 adult zebrafish-based genetic assay that can be effectively used to discover modifier genes for inherited cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Cardiomiopatias/genética , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Genes Modificadores , RNA Guia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
2.
Cell Tissue Res ; 387(2): 275-285, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820705

RESUMO

Isosteviol has been indicated as a cardiomyocyte protector. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Thus, we sought to confirm the protective effect of isosteviol after myocardial infarction in a model of permanent coronary artery occlusion and investigate the potential proangiogenic activity in vitro and in vivo. A 4-week permanent coronary artery occlusion rat model was generated, and the protective effect of isosteviol was evaluated by echocardiographic imaging and hemodynamics assays. The coronary capillary density was tested by immunochemistry and micro-computed tomography (µCT) imaging. The effect of isosteviol on endothelial cells was determined in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro and Tg (kdrl: EGFP) zebrafish in vivo. We also examined the expression of related transcription factors by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Isosteviol increased ejection fraction (EF), fractional shortening (FS), cardiac systolic index (CI), maximum rate of increase of left ventricular pressure (Max dp/dt), and left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) by 32%, 40%, 25%, 26%, and 10%, respectively, in permanent coronary artery occlusion rats. Interestingly, it also promoted coronary capillary density by 2.5-fold. In addition, isosteviol promoted the proliferation and branching of HUVECs in vitro. It also rescued intersegmental vessel (ISV) development and improved endothelial cell proliferation by approximately fivefold (4-6) in zebrafish embryos in vivo. Isosteviol also upregulated the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) in zebrafish by fourfold and 3.5-fold, respectively. Our findings suggest that isosteviol is a proangiogenic agent and that this activity is related to its protective effects against myocardial ischemia. After using the permanent coronary artery occlusion model, we demonstrated that isosteviol promotes angiogenesis directly and increases capillary density in myocardial ischemia rats. Isosteviol promotes angiogenesis in zebrafish in vivo and increases vascular endothelial cell proliferation in HUVECs and zebrafish. The angiogenesis activity of isosteviol may be correlated with VEGFA and HIF-1α signaling.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Ratos , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 439: 129616, 2022 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104895

RESUMO

The effects of polystyrene microplastic (PS-MP) size on neurotoxicity remain to be evaluated at various microsizes, and the seizurogenic effects of PS-MPs are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the swimming behavior of zebrafish larvae under light-dark transitions after exposure to four PS-MP sizes (i.e., 1, 6, 10, and 25 µm) at concentrations of 500, 5,000, and 50,000 particles/mL. Changes in electroencephalographic signals, seizure-related gene expression, and neurochemical concentrations were measured. Locomotor activity was inhibited only by 10-µm PS-MPs. According to electroencephalographic signals, the number and total duration of seizure-like events significantly increased by 10-µm PS-MPs, which was confirmed by the altered expression of seizure-related genes c-fos and pvalb5. Additionally, an increase in the levels of neurochemicals choline, betaine, dopamine, 3-methoxytyramine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid indicated that the observed hypoactivity and seizure-like behavior were associated with the dysregulation of the cholinergic, dopaminergic, and GABAergic systems. Overall, these findings demonstrate that exposure to PS-MPs can potentially cause seizurogenic effects in developing zebrafish embryos, and we highlight that PS-MPs 10 µm in size dominantly affect neurotoxicity.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Poliestirenos , Animais , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Plásticos/toxicidade , Poliestirenos/metabolismo , Poliestirenos/toxicidade , Convulsões , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
4.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274675, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107918

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids, such as dexamethasone (Dex), are used to prevent common side effects induced by chemotherapy and are heavily prescribed for solid cancers such as breast cancer. There is substantial pre-clinical data to support that Dex activation of the glucocorticoid receptor overrides chemotherapy-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cell lines. These findings are compounded by a recent study demonstrating that increased glucocorticoid receptor activation by endogenous stress hormones increased breast cancer heterogeneity and metastasis. Our study is the first to use both in vitro and in vivo models to thoroughly compare the Dex response on the migration of multiple estrogen receptor negative (ER-) and ER+ cancer cell lines. ER+ and ER- breast cancer cell lines were studied to compare their endogenous glucocorticoid activity as well as their metastatic ability in response to Dex treatment. We show that in the ER- breast cancer lines, Dex increases cell numbers, invasiveness, and migration, while decreasing apoptotic ability. Furthermore, we show that following Dex treatment, ER- breast cancer lines migrate further in an in vivo zebrafish model in comparison to ER+ cell lines. The use of ROR1 antibody to block WNT signaling diminished the metastatic properties of ER- cells, however recombinant WNT5A alone was not sufficient to induce migration. Taken together, we demonstrate that Dex treatment exacerbates the metastatic potential of ER- but not ER+ cells. These findings add to the growing body of data stressing the potential adverse role of endogenous and synthetic glucocorticoids in breast cancer biology.


Assuntos
Antieméticos , Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Glucocorticoides , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
5.
Sci Adv ; 8(37): eabo0732, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112681

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic turned the whole world upside down in a short time. One of the main challenges faced has been to understand COVID-19-associated life-threatening hyperinflammation, the so-called cytokine storm syndrome (CSS). We report here the proinflammatory role of Spike (S) proteins from different severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants of concern in zebrafish. We found that wild-type/Wuhan variant S1 (S1WT) promoted neutrophil and macrophage recruitment, local and systemic hyperinflammation, emergency myelopoiesis, and hemorrhages. In addition, S1γ was more proinflammatory S1δ was less proinflammatory than S1WT, and, notably, S1ß promoted delayed and long-lasting inflammation. Pharmacological inhibition of the canonical inflammasome alleviated S1-induced inflammation and emergency myelopoiesis. In contrast, genetic inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 strengthened the proinflammatory activity of S1, and angiotensin (1-7) fully rescued S1-induced hyperinflammation and hemorrhages. These results shed light into the mechanisms orchestrating the COVID-19-associated CSS and the host immune response to different SARS-CoV-2 S protein variants.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , COVID-19 , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Animais , Humanos , Inflamassomos , Inflamação/genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 985792, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059486

RESUMO

Retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) are viral RNA sensors that regulate host interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral signaling. LGP2 (laboratory genetics and physiology 2) lacks the N-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domains (CARDs) responsible for signaling transduction in the other two RLR proteins, RIG-I and melanoma differentiation associated gene-5 (MDA5). How LGP2 regulates IFN signaling is controversial, and inconsistent results have often been obtained in overexpression assays when performed in fish cells and mammalian cells. Here we report that the differential sensitivity of fish cells and mammalian cells to poly(I:C) transfection conceals the function conservation of zebrafish and human LGP2. In fish cells, overexpression of zebrafish or human LGP2 initially activates IFN signaling in a dose-dependent manner, followed by inhibition at a critical threshold of LGP2 expression. A similar trend exists for LGP2-dependent IFN induction in response to stimulation by low and high concentrations of poly(I:C). In contrast, overexpression of zebrafish or human LGP2 alone in mammalian cells does not activate IFN signaling, but co-stimulation with very low or very high concentrations of poly(I:C) shows LGP2-dependent enhancement or inhibition of IFN signaling, respectively. Titration assays show that LGP2 promotes MDA5 signaling in mammalian cells mainly under low concentration of poly(I:C) and inhibits RIG-I/MDA5 signaling mainly under high concentration of poly(I:C). Our results suggest that fish and human LGP2s switch regulatory roles from a positive one to a negative one in increasing concentrations of poly(I:C)-triggered IFN response.


Assuntos
Poli I-C , RNA Helicases , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Antivirais/metabolismo , Humanos , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/genética , Interferons , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Poli I-C/farmacologia , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
7.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5351, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096887

RESUMO

The mannose-6-phosphate (M6P) biosynthetic pathway for lysosome biogenesis has been studied for decades and is considered a well-understood topic. However, whether this pathway is regulated remains an open question. In a genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 knockout screen, we discover TMEM251 as the first regulator of the M6P modification. Deleting TMEM251 causes mistargeting of most lysosomal enzymes due to their loss of M6P modification and accumulation of numerous undigested materials. We further demonstrate that TMEM251 localizes to the Golgi and is required for the cleavage and activity of GNPT, the enzyme that catalyzes M6P modification. In zebrafish, TMEM251 deletion leads to severe developmental defects including heart edema and skeletal dysplasia, which phenocopies Mucolipidosis Type II. Our discovery provides a mechanism for the newly discovered human disease caused by TMEM251 mutations. We name TMEM251 as GNPTAB cleavage and activity factor (GCAF) and its related disease as Mucolipidosis Type V.


Assuntos
Mucolipidoses , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Humanos , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Manosefosfatos/metabolismo , Mucolipidoses/genética , Mucolipidoses/metabolismo , Transferases (Outros Grupos de Fosfato Substituídos)/genética , Transferases (Outros Grupos de Fosfato Substituídos)/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
8.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 948, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088390

RESUMO

Voltage-sensing phosphatase (Vsp) is a unique membrane protein that translates membrane electrical activities into the changes of phosphoinositide profiles. Vsp orthologs from various species have been intensively investigated toward their biophysical properties, primarily using a heterologous expression system. In contrast, the physiological role of Vsp in native tissues remains largely unknown. Here we report that zebrafish Vsp (Dr-Vsp), encoded by tpte gene, is functionally expressed on the endomembranes of lysosome-rich enterocytes (LREs) that mediate dietary protein absorption via endocytosis in the zebrafish mid-intestine. Dr-Vsp-deficient LREs were remarkably defective in forming endosomal vacuoles after initial uptake of dextran and mCherry. Dr-Vsp-deficient zebrafish exhibited growth restriction and higher mortality during the critical period when zebrafish larvae rely primarily on exogenous feeding via intestinal absorption. Furthermore, our comparative study on marine invertebrate Ciona intestinalis Vsp (Ci-Vsp) revealed co-expression with endocytosis-associated genes in absorptive epithelial cells of the Ciona digestive tract, corresponding to zebrafish LREs. These findings signify a crucial role of Vsp in regulating endocytosis-dependent nutrient absorption in specialized enterocytes across animal species.


Assuntos
Ciona intestinalis , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases , Animais , Endocitose , Enterócitos/metabolismo , Nutrientes , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/genética , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076956

RESUMO

Empagliflozin, an inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (iSGLT2), improves cardiovascular outcomes in patients with and without diabetes and possesses an antiarrhythmic activity. However, the mechanisms of these protective effects have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to explore the impact of empagliflozin on ion channel activity and electrophysiological characteristics in the ventricular myocardium. The main cardiac ionic currents (INa, ICaL, ICaT, IKr, IKs) and action potentials (APs) were studied in zebrafish. Whole-cell currents were measured using the patch clamp method in the isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes. The conventional sharp glass microelectrode technique was applied for the recording of APs from the ventricular myocardium of the excised heart. Empagliflozin pretreatment compared to the control group enhanced potassium IKr step current density in the range of testing potentials from 0 to +30 mV, IKr tail current density in the range of testing potentials from +10 to +70 mV, and IKs current density in the range of testing potentials from -10 to +20 mV. Moreover, in the ventricular myocardium, empagliflozin pretreatment shortened AP duration APD as shown by reduced APD50 and APD90. Empagliflozin had no influence on sodium (INa) and L- and T-type calcium currents (ICaL and ICaT) in zebrafish ventricular cardiomyocytes. Thus, we conclude that empagliflozin increases the rapid and slow components of delayed rectifier K+ current (IKr and IKs). This mechanism could be favorable for cardiac protection.


Assuntos
Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Peixe-Zebra , Potenciais de Ação , Animais , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Glucosídeos , Ventrículos do Coração/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Potássio/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio , Sódio/metabolismo , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/farmacologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077087

RESUMO

Embryonic hyperglycemia negatively impacts retinal development, leading to abnormal visual behavior, altered timing of retinal progenitor differentiation, decreased numbers of retinal ganglion cells and Müller glia, and vascular leakage. Because synaptic disorganization is a prominent feature of many neurological diseases, the goal of the current work was to study the potential impact of hyperglycemia on retinal ribbon synapses during embryonic development. Our approach utilized reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and immunofluorescence labeling to compare the transcription of synaptic proteins and their localization in hyperglycemic zebrafish embryos, respectively. Our data revealed that the maturity of synaptic ribbons was compromised in hyperglycemic zebrafish larvae, where altered ribeye expression coincided with the delay in establishing retinal ribbon synapses and an increase in the immature synaptic ribbons. Our results suggested that embryonic hyperglycemia disrupts retinal synapses by altering the development of the synaptic ribbon, which can lead to visual defects. Future studies using zebrafish models of hyperglycemia will allow us to study the underlying mechanisms of retinal synapse development.


Assuntos
Hiperglicemia , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Retina/metabolismo , Sinapses/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077382

RESUMO

Myocilin is an enigmatic glaucoma-associated glycoprotein whose biological role remains incompletely understood. To gain novel insight into its normal function, we used transposon-mediated transgenesis to generate the first zebrafish line stably overexpressing myocilin [Tg(actb1:myoc-2A-mCherry)]. qPCR showed an approximately four-fold increased myocilin expression in transgenic zebrafish embryos (144 hpf). Adult (13 months old) transgenic animals displayed variable and age-dependent ocular anterior segment alterations. Almost 60% of two-year-old male, but not female, transgenic zebrafish developed enlarged eyes with severe asymmetrical and variable abnormalities in the anterior segment, characterized by corneal limbus hypertrophy, and thickening of the cornea, iris, annular ligament and lens capsule. The most severe phenotype presented small or absent ocular anterior chamber and pupils, due to iris overgrowth along with dysplastic retinal growth and optic nerve hypertrophy. Immunohistochemistry revealed increased presence of myocilin in most altered ocular tissues of adult transgenic animals, as well as signs of retinal gliosis and expanded ganglion cells and nerve fibers. The preliminary results indicate that these cells contributed to retinal dysplasia. Visual impairment was demonstrated in all old male transgenic zebrafish. Transcriptomic analysis of the abnormal transgenic eyes identified disrupted expression of genes involved in lens, muscular and extracellular matrix activities, among other processes. In summary, the developed transgenic zebrafish provides a new tool to investigate this puzzling protein and provides evidence for the role of zebrafish myocilin in ocular anterior segment and retinal biology, through the influence of extracellular matrix organization and cellular proliferation.


Assuntos
Anormalidades do Olho , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas do Olho/genética , Proteínas do Olho/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/genética , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Hipertrofia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Retina/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077472

RESUMO

The eukaryotic initiation factor 4E binding protein (4E-BP) family is involved in translational control of cell proliferation and pro-angiogenic factors. The zebrafish eukaryotic initiation factor 4E binding protein 3 like (eif4ebp3l) is a member of the 4E-BPs and responsible for activity-dependent myofibrillogenesis, but whether it affects cardiomyocyte (CM) proliferation or heart regeneration is unclear. We examined eif4ebp3l during zebrafish vascular development and heart regeneration post cryoinjury in adult zebrafish. Using morpholino injections we induced silencing of eif4ebp3l in zebrafish embryos, which led to increased angiogenesis at 94 h post fertilization (hpf). For investigation of eif4ebp3l in cardiac regeneration, zebrafish hearts were subjected to cryoinjury. Regenerating hearts were analyzed at different time points post-cryoinjury for expression of eif4ebp3l by in situ hybridization and showed strongly decreased eif4ebp3l expression in the injured area. We established a transgenic zebrafish strain, which overexpressed eif4ebp3l under the control of a heat-shock dependent promotor. Overexpression of eif4ebp3l during zebrafish heart regeneration caused only macroscopically a reduced amount of fibrin at the site of injury. Overall, these findings demonstrate that silencing of eif4ebp3l has pro-angiogenic properties in zebrafish vascular development and when eif4ebp3l is overexpressed, fibrin deposition tends to be altered in zebrafish cardiac regeneration after cryoinjury.


Assuntos
Fator de Iniciação 4E em Eucariotos , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Fator de Iniciação 4E em Eucariotos/genética , Fator de Iniciação 4E em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Fibrina/metabolismo , Coração , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077532

RESUMO

Background: Hyperinflammation is frequently associated with the chronic pain of autoimmune disease and the acute death of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) via a severe cytokine cascade. CIGB-258 (Jusvinza®), an altered peptide ligand with 3 kDa from heat shock protein 60 (HSP60), inhibits the systemic inflammation and cytokine storm, but the precise mechanism is still unknown. Objective: The protective effect of CIGB-258 against inflammatory stress of N-ε-carboxymethyllysine (CML) was tested to provide mechanistic insight. Methods: CIGB-258 was treated to high-density lipoproteins (HDL) and injected into zebrafish and its embryo to test a putative anti-inflammatory activity under presence of CML. Results: Treatment of CML (final 200 µM) caused remarkable glycation of HDL with severe aggregation of HDL particles to produce dysfunctional HDL, which is associated with a decrease in apolipoprotein A-I stability and lowered paraoxonase activity. Degradation of HDL3 by ferrous ions was attenuated by a co-treatment with CIGB-258 with a red-shift of the Trp fluorescence in HDL. A microinjection of CML (500 ng) into zebrafish embryos resulted in the highest embryo death rate, only 18% of survivability with developmental defects. However, co-injection of CIGB-258 (final 1 ng) caused the remarkable elevation of survivability around 58%, as well as normal developmental speed. An intraperitoneal injection of CML (final 250 µg) into adult zebrafish resulted acute paralysis, sudden death, and laying down on the bottom of the cage with no swimming ability via neurotoxicity and inflammation. However, a co-injection of CIGB-258 (1 µg) resulted in faster recovery of the swimming ability and higher survivability than CML alone injection. The CML alone group showed 49% survivability, while the CIGB-258 group showed 97% survivability (p < 0.001) with a remarkable decrease in hepatic inflammation up to 50%. A comparison of efficacy with CIGB-258, Infliximab (Remsima®), and Tocilizumab (Actemra®) showed that the CIGB-258 group exhibited faster recovery and swimming ability with higher survivability than those of the Infliximab group. The CIGB-258 group and Tocilizumab group showed the highest survivability, the lowest plasma total cholesterol and triglyceride level, and the infiltration of inflammatory cells, such as neutrophils in hepatic tissue. Conclusion: CIGB-258 ameliorated the acute neurotoxicity, paralysis, hyperinflammation, and death induced by CML, resulting in higher survivability in zebrafish and its embryos by enhancing the HDL structure and functionality.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Lipoproteínas HDL , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Infliximab , Lisina/análogos & derivados , Paralisia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078631

RESUMO

As a major neonicotinoid insecticide, thiacloprid (THCP) is frequently detected in aquatic environments worldwide due to its heavy use, posing potential threats to aquatic organisms. In this study, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos were exposed to THCP (1, 10, 100, 1000 and 10,000 µg/L) for 5 days and then recovered in THCP-free water for 20 days to investigate the effects of early-stage THCP exposure on the development, antioxidant defense, and neurotransmitter systems of zebrafish, and explore their recovery mechanism. The results show that THCP exposure induced developmental toxicity and oxidative stress in zebrafish. The hypoactivity, behavioral alterations (decreased avoidance and edge preference behaviors) and neurotoxicity were found throughout the exposure-recovery experiments. THCP exposure altered the expression of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)- and serotonin (5-HT)-related genes accompanied by the decrease in GABA and 5-HT contents. However, after recovery, GABA content returned to the control level, but 5-HT did not, indicating that only the serotonergic system was persistently disrupted. Overall, our results suggest that the disruption of the serotonergic system and oxidative stress may aggravate neurotoxicity and that the former was the main reason for the depressive-like behavior. This study could help to unravel the mechanisms of the behavioral alterations induced by early-stage THCP exposure in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Embrião não Mamífero , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Tiazinas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo
15.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 388, 2022 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058942

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy is the primary therapeutic option for glioblastoma. Some studies proved that radiotherapy increased the release of exosomes from cells. The mechanism by which these exosomes modify the phenotype of microglia in the tumor microenvironment to further determine the fate of irradiated glioblastoma cells remains to be elucidated. METHODS: We erected the co-culture system of glioblastoma cells and microglia. After radiation, we analyzing the immunophenotype of microglia and the proliferation of radiated glioblastoma cells. By whole transcriptome sequencing, we analyzed of circRNAs in exosomes from glioblastoma cells and microglia. We used some methods, which included RT-PCR, dual-luciferase reporter, et al., to identify how circ_0012381 from radiated glioblastoma cell-derived exosomes regulated the immunophenotype of microglia to further affect the proliferation of radiated glioblastoma cells. RESULTS: Radiated glioblastoma cell-derived exosomes markedly induced M2 microglia polarization. These M2-polarized microglia promoted the proliferation of irradiated glioblastoma cells. Circ_0012381 expression was increased in the irradiated glioblastoma cells, and circ_0012381 entered the microglia via exosomes. Circ_0012381 induced M2 microglia polarization by sponging with miR-340-5p to increase ARG1 expression. M2-polarized microglia suppressed phagocytosis and promoted the growth of the irradiated glioblastoma cells by CCL2/CCR2 axis. Compared with the effects of radiotherapy alone, the inhibition of exosomes significantly inhibited the growth of irradiated glioblastoma cells in a zebrafish model. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggested that the inhibition of exosome secretion might represent a potential therapeutic strategy to increase the efficacy of radiotherapy in patients with glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Glioblastoma , MicroRNAs , Animais , Exossomos/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/radioterapia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Microglia/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
16.
Cell Transplant ; 31: 9636897221116085, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062473

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a unique malignant tumor of the head and neck. Despite higher survival rates by the combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the recurrence or metastasis of NPC still occurs at about 10%. Therefore, there is urgent demand to develop more effective in vivo models for preclinical trials to investigate the mechanisms of NPC development and progression and to explore better treatment approaches. In this study, we transplanted human NPC CNE1 cells into zebrafish embryos to establish a xenograft model of NPC, where the proliferation and invasion behaviors of NPC cells were investigated in vivo. Combining in vitro and in vivo analyses, we found that activating transcription factor 7 (ATF7) was involved in the occurrence and development of NPC regulated by peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase NIMA-interacting 1 (Pin1). The zebrafish NPC xenograft model established here thereby provides an in vivo tool for exploring the occurrence and development of NPC, which may help to identify new tumor markers and develop new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of NPC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Animais , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Peptidilprolil Isomerase de Interação com NIMA/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076983

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly associated with severe human diseases, and often worsens the outcome in hospitalized patients. The mammalian kidney has the ability to recover spontaneously from AKI; however, little progress has been made in the development of supportive treatments. Increasing evidence suggest that histone deacetylases (HDAC) and NF-κB promote the pathogenesis of AKI, and inhibition of Hdac activity has a protective effect in murine models of AKI. However, the role of HDAC at the early stages of recovery is unknown. We used the zebrafish pronephros model to study the role of epigenetic modifiers in the immediate repair response after injury to the tubular epithelium. Using specific inhibitors, we found that the histone deacetylase Hdac2, Hdac6, and Hdac8 activities are required for the repair via collective cell migration. We found that hdac6, hdac8, and nfkbiaa expression levels were upregulated in the repairing epithelial cells shortly after injury. Depletion of hdac6, hdac8, or nfkbiaa with morpholino oligonucleotides impaired the repair process, whereas the combined depletion of all three genes synergistically suppressed the recovery process. Furthermore, time-lapse video microscopy revealed that the lamellipodia and filopodia formation in the flanking cells was strongly reduced in hdac6-depleted embryos. Our findings suggest that Hdac activity and NF-κB are synergistically required for the immediate repair response in the zebrafish pronephros model of AKI, and the timing of HDAC inhibition might be important in developing supportive protocols in the human disease.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Desacetilase 6 de Histona/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Pronefro , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Injúria Renal Aguda/genética , Injúria Renal Aguda/patologia , Animais , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Humanos , Camundongos , NF-kappa B , Pronefro/metabolismo , Pronefro/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(18): 13264-13273, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082512

RESUMO

Azoles that are used in pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products can have toxic effects on fish. However, there is no information regarding azole-induced visual disorder associated with thyroid disruption. We evaluated changes in retinal morphology, optokinetic response, transcript abundance of the genes involved in color perception and hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, and thyroid hormone (TH) levels in zebrafish larvae exposed to common azoles, such as climbazole (CBZ, 0.1 and 10 µg/L) and triadimefon (TDF, 50 and 500 µg/L), at environmentally relevant and predicted worst-case environmental concentrations. Subsequently, the effect of azoles on TH-dependent GH3 cell proliferation and thyroid receptor (TR)-regulated transcriptional activity, as well as the in silico binding affinity between azoles and TR isoforms, was investigated. Azole exposure decreased cell densities of the ganglion cell layer, inner nuclear layer, and photoreceptor layer. Zebrafish larvae exposed to environmentally relevant concentrations of CBZ and TDF showed a decrease in optokinetic response to green-white and red-white stripes but not blue-white stripes, consistent with disturbance in the corresponding opsin gene expression. Azole exposure also reduced triiodothyronine levels and concomitantly increased HPT-related gene expression. Molecular docking analysis combined with in vitro TR-mediated transactivation and dual-luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that CBZ and TDF exhibited TR antagonism. These results are comparable to those obtained from a known TR antagonist, namely, TR antagonist 1, as a positive control. Therefore, damage to specific color perception by azoles appears to result from lowered TH signaling, indicating the potential threat of environmental TH disruptors to the visual function of fish.


Assuntos
Defeitos da Visão Cromática , Disruptores Endócrinos , Praguicidas , Animais , Azóis/metabolismo , Azóis/farmacologia , Disruptores Endócrinos/farmacologia , Larva , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Opsinas/metabolismo , Opsinas/farmacologia , Praguicidas/metabolismo , Preparações Farmacêuticas/metabolismo , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Tri-Iodotironina/metabolismo , Tri-Iodotironina/farmacologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
19.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(18): 13233-13244, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083827

RESUMO

Numerous studies have reported that the toxicity differences among metals are widespread; however, little is known about the mechanism of differences in metal toxicity to aquatic organisms due to the lack of quantitative understanding of their adverse outcome pathway. Here, we investigated the effects of Cd and Cu on bioaccumulation, gene expression, physiological responses, and apical effects in zebrafish larvae. RNA sequencing was conducted to provide supplementary mechanistic information for the effects of Cd and Cu exposure. On this basis, we proposed a quantitative adverse outcome pathway (qAOP) suitable for metal risk assessment of aquatic organisms. Our work provides a mechanistic explanation for the differences in metal toxicity where the strong bioaccumulation of Cu enables the newly accumulated Cu to reach the threshold that causes different adverse effects faster than Cd in zebrafish larvae, resulting in a higher toxicity of Cu than that of Cd. Furthermore, we proposed a parameter CIT/BCF (the ratio of internal threshold concentration and bioaccumulation factor) that helps to understand the toxicity differences by combining the information of bioaccumulation and internal threshold of adverse effects. This work demonstrated that qAOP is an effective quantitative tool for understanding the toxicity mechanism and highlight the importance of toxicokinetics and toxicodynamics at different biological levels in determining the metal toxicity.


Assuntos
Rotas de Resultados Adversos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Organismos Aquáticos , Cádmio/metabolismo , Larva , Metais/farmacologia , Modelos Biológicos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
20.
J Med Chem ; 65(18): 12292-12318, 2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084304

RESUMO

Drug development efforts that focused on single targets failed to provide effective treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, we designed cholinesterase inhibition (ChEI)-based multi-target-directed ligands (MTDLs) to simultaneously target AD-related receptors. We built a library of 70 compounds, sequentially screened for ChEI, and determined σ1R, σ2R, NMDAR-GluN2B binding affinities, and P2X7R antagonistic activities. Nine fulfilled in silico drug-likeness criteria and did not display toxicity in three cell lines. Seven displayed cytoprotective activity in two stress-induced cellular models. Compared to donepezil, six showed equal/better synaptic protection in a zebrafish model of acute amyloidosis-induced synaptic degeneration. Two P2X7R antagonists alleviated the activation state of microglia in vivo. Permeability studies were performed, and four did not inhibit CYP450 3A4, 2D6, and 2C9. Therefore, four ChEI-based lead MTDLs are promising drug candidates for synaptic integrity protection and could serve as disease-modifying AD treatment. Our study also proposes zebrafish as a useful preclinical tool for drug discovery and development.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Animais , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/uso terapêutico , Colinesterases , Donepezila/uso terapêutico , Chumbo/uso terapêutico , Ligantes , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
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