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1.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 451, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sturgeon species are living fossils that exhibit unique reproductive characteristics, and elucidation of the molecular processes governing the formation and quality of sturgeon eggs is crucial. However, comprehensive data on the protein composition of sturgeon ovarian fluid (OF) and eggs and their functional significance are lacking. To address this knowledge gap, the aim of the present study was to conduct a comprehensive comparative proteomic analysis of Siberian sturgeon OF and eggs using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). RESULTS: A total of 617 proteins were identified in OF, and 565 proteins were identified in eggs. A total of 772 proteins showed differential abundance. Among the differentially abundant proteins, 365 were more abundant in OFs, while 407 were more abundant in eggs. We identified 339 proteins unique to OFs and 287 proteins specific to eggs, and further investigated the top 10 most abundant proteins in each. The functional annotation of the OF proteins highlighted their predominant association with immune system processes, including the complement and coagulation cascade, neutrophil and leukocyte-mediated immunity, cholesterol metabolism, and regulation of the actin cytoskeleton. Analysis of egg proteins revealed enrichment in metabolic pathways, such as oxidative phosphorylation and fatty acid metabolism, and protein ubiquitination and translation. OF-specific proteins included extracellular matrix and secretory vesicles, and eggs were enriched in proteins localized to mitochondria and ribosome components. CONCLUSIONS: This study presents the first comprehensive characterization of the protein composition of sturgeon OF and eggs and elucidates their distinct functional roles. These findings advance our understanding of sturgeon reproduction, OF-egg signaling and the origin of OF proteins. The mass spectrometry proteomics data have been deposited in the ProteomeXchange Consortium with the dataset identifier PXD044168 to ensure accessibility for further research.


Assuntos
Peixes , Ovário , Proteômica , Animais , Peixes/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteômica/métodos , Ovário/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cromatografia Líquida , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteoma/análise , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Óvulo/metabolismo , Proteínas do Ovo/metabolismo , Proteínas do Ovo/análise
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(9)2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732234

RESUMO

Metals are dispersed in natural environments, particularly in the aquatic environment, and accumulate, causing adverse effects on aquatic life. Moreover, chronic polymetallic water pollution is a common problem, and the biological effects of exposure to complex mixtures of metals are the most difficult to interpret. In this review, metal toxicity is examined with a focus on its impact on energy metabolism. Mechanisms regulating adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production and reactive oxygen species (ROS) emission are considered in their dual roles in the development of cytotoxicity and cytoprotection, and mitochondria may become target organelles of metal toxicity when the transmembrane potential is reduced below its phosphorylation level. One of the main consequences of metal toxicity is additional energy costs, and the metabolic load can lead to the disruption of oxidative metabolism and enhanced anaerobiosis.


Assuntos
Metabolismo Energético , Peixes , Metais , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixes/metabolismo , Metais/toxicidade , Metais/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 471: 134338, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643577

RESUMO

The occurrence, environmental risks and contribution of organic UV filters to detected (anti-)progestogenic activities were examined in samples of wastewater treatment plant influents and effluents, various surface waters and fish from the Czech Republic. Of the 20 targeted UV filters, 15 were detected in the WWTP influent samples, 11 in the effluents, and 13 in the surface water samples. Benzophenone-3, benzophenone-4, and phenyl benzimidazole sulfonic acid (PBSA) were found in all water samples. Octocrylene, UV-327 and 4-methylbenzylidene camphor exceeded the risk quotient of 1 at some sites. In the anti-progestogenic CALUX assay, 10 out of the 20 targeted UV filters were active. Anti-progestogenic activities reaching up to 7.7 ng/L, 3.8 ng/L, and 4.5 ng/L mifepristone equivalents were detected in influents, effluents, and surface waters, respectively. UV filters were responsible for up to 37 % of anti-progestogenic activities in influents. Anti-progestogenic activities were also measured in fish tissues from the control pond and Podrouzek (pond with the highest number of detected UV filters) and ranged from 2.2 to 9.5 and 1.9 to 8.6 ng/g dw mifepristone equivalents, respectively. However, only benzophenone was found in fish, but it does not display anti-progestogenic activity and thus could not explain the observed activities.


Assuntos
Peixes , Protetores Solares , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Protetores Solares/análise , Protetores Solares/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , República Tcheca , Peixes/metabolismo , Monitoramento Ambiental , Águas Residuárias , Medição de Risco , Progestinas/análise , Raios Ultravioleta
4.
DNA Res ; 31(3)2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566577

RESUMO

Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) is an important fish in several countries. Notably, the catch of this fish has markedly decreased recently, which might be due to environmental changes, including feeding habitat changes. However, no clear correlation has been observed. Therefore, the physiological basis of Pacific saury in relation to possible environmental factors must be understood. We sequenced the genome of Pacific saury and extracted RNA from nine tissues (brain, eye, gill, anterior/posterior guts, kidney, liver, muscle, and ovary). In 1.09 Gb assembled genome sequences, a total of 26,775 protein-coding genes were predicted, of which 26,241 genes were similar to known genes in a public database. Transcriptome analysis revealed that 24,254 genes were expressed in at least one of the nine tissues, and 7,495 were highly expressed in specific tissues. Based on the similarity of the expression profiles to those of model organisms, the transcriptome obtained was validated to reflect the characteristics of each tissue. Thus, the present genomic and transcriptomic data serve as useful resources for molecular studies on Pacific saury. In particular, we emphasize that the gene expression data, which serve as the tissue expression panel of this species, can be employed in comparative transcriptomics on marine environmental responses.


Assuntos
Genoma , Transcriptoma , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Peixes/genética , Peixes/metabolismo , Especificidade de Órgãos
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599346

RESUMO

Aniline (C6H5NH2) is one of the hazardous aromatic amine where an amino group -NH2) is connected to phenyl ring (C6H5). Based on the evaluation of the 96-hour LC50 of aniline, two sublethal concentrations (4.19 mg/l and 8.39 mg/l) were selected for acute exposure tests in freshwater fish Channa punctatus. The liver, gills and kidney of fish being the principal sites of xenobiotic material accumulation, respiration, biotransformation, and excretion are the focus of the present study. Throughout the exposure time, the comet assay revealed increased tail length and tail DNA percentage indicating maximum damage to liver, gills and kidney of treated group after 96 h. After acute exposure, there was a significant (p ≤ 0.05) increase in the enzymatic activity of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE), whereas decline in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity was observed. Meanwhile, levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) increased over the exposure period for both concentrations. After 96 h of exposure, degree of tissue change (DTC) was evaluated in liver, gill and kidney of aniline exposed fish. Additionally, light microscopy revealed multiple abnormalities in liver, gills and kidney of all the treated groups. Significant changes were observed in the levels of biochemical markers viz., glucose, triglyceride, cholesterol, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase and urea following a 96-hour exposure to aniline. Studies using ATR-FTIR and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed changes in biomolecules and structural abnormalities in several tissues of the aniline-exposed groups in comparison to the control group respectively.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina , Brânquias , Rim , Fígado , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Brânquias/efeitos dos fármacos , Brânquias/metabolismo , Brânquias/patologia , Brânquias/ultraestrutura , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Compostos de Anilina/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixes/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda , Água Doce , Channa punctatus
6.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 202: 116353, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598929

RESUMO

Galaxolide (HHCB) and tonalide (AHTN) are dominant musks added to personal care products. However, the accumulate and trophic transfer of SMs through the marine food chain are unclear. In this study, organisms were collected from three bays in Bohai Sea to investigate the bioaccumulation, trophic transfer, and health risk of SMs. The HHCB and AHTN concentrations in the muscles range from 2.75 to 365.40 µg/g lw and 1.04-4.94 µg/g lw, respectively. The median HHCB concentrations in muscles were the highest in Bohai Bay, followed by Laizhou Bay and Liaodong Bay, consistent with the HHCB concentrations in sediments. The different fish tissues from Bohai Bay were analyzed, and the HHCB and AHTN concentrations followed the heart > liver > gill > muscles. The trophic magnification factors (TMF) were lower than 1 and the health risk assessment showed no adverse health effects. The results provide insights into the bioaccumulation and trophic transfer behavior of SMs in marine environments.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Cadeia Alimentar , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Animais , Peixes/metabolismo , China , Bioacumulação , Benzopiranos , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/análise , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/metabolismo , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/análise , Baías
7.
Sci Total Environ ; 929: 172362, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38649047

RESUMO

Pollution-induced declines in fishery resources restrict the sustainable development of fishery. As a kind of typical environmental pollutant, the mechanism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) facilitating fishery resources declines needs to be fully illustrated. To determine how PAHs have led to declines in fishery resources, a systematic toxicologic analysis of the effects of PAHs on aquatic organisms via food-web bioaccumulation was performed in the Pearl River and its estuary. Overall, PAH bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms was correlated with the trophic levels along food-web, exhibiting as significant positive correlations were observed between PAHs concentration and the trophic levels of fishes in the Pearl River Estuary. Additionally, waterborne PAHs exerted significant direct effects on dietary organisms (P < 0.05), and diet-borne PAHs subsequently exhibited significant direct effects on fish (P < 0.05). However, an apparent block effect was found in dietary organisms (e.g., zooplankton) where 33.49 % of the total system throughput (TST) was retained at trophic level II, exhibiting as the highest PAHs concentration, bioaccumulation factor (BAF), and biomagnification factor (BMF) of ∑15PAHs in zooplankton were at least eight-fold greater than those in fishes in both the Pearl River and its estuary, thereby waterborne PAHs exerted either direct or indirect effects on fishes that ultimately led to food-web simplification. Regardless of the block effect of dietary organisms, a general toxic effect of PAHs on aquatic organisms was observed, e.g., Phe and BaP exerted lethal effects on phytoplankton Chlorella pyrenoidosa and zooplankton Daphnia magna, and decreased reproduction in fishes Danio rerio and Megalobrama hoffmanni via activating the NOD-like receptors (NLRs) signaling pathway. Consequently, an assembled aggregate exposure pathway for PAHs revealed that increases in waterborne PAHs led to bioaccumulation of PAHs in aquatic organisms along food-web, and this in turn decreased the reproductive ability of fishes, thus causing decline in fishery resources.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos , Bioacumulação , Monitoramento Ambiental , Cadeia Alimentar , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Animais , Organismos Aquáticos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixes/metabolismo , Estuários , Rios/química , China
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172272, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583626

RESUMO

To combat with climate change, most countries have set carbon neutrality target. However, our understanding on carbon removal, release and sequestration by mariculture remains unclear. Here, carbon removal, release and sequestration by maricultured seaweeds, shellfish and fish in Shandong Province during 2003-2022 were assessed using a comprehensive method that considers the processes of biological metabolism, seawater chemistry and carbon footprint. Saccharina japonica productivity has been largely enhanced since 2014, resulting in increased production and CO2 removal and sequestration. Seaweeds removed 172 Gg C and sequestered 62 Gg C in 2022. CO2 removal and release by shellfish demonstrated a slow increase trend, ranging from 231 to 374 Gg C yr-1 and 897 to 1438 Gg C yr-1 during 2003-2022, respectively. Contrary to seaweed and shellfish, maricultured fish added CO2 to seawater due to the use of feeds. The added CO2 by fish culture achieved the peak of 60 Gg C in 2011 and decreased to 25 Gg C in 2022. Most of this added CO2 was released to atmosphere by microbial mineralization and it was in the range of 21-52 Gg C yr-1 during 2003-2022. After summing up the contribution of seaweeds, shellfish and fish, both total CO2 removal (from 110 to 259 Gg C yr-1) and total CO2 release (from 929 to 1429 Gg C yr-1) increased remarkably during the past 20 years. To neutralize CO2 release by shellfish and fish, Pyropia yezoensis needs the largest culture area (1.65 ± 0.15 × 106 ha) while Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis requires the smallest area (0.11 ± 0.03 × 106 ha). In addition, there are enough available areas for culturing G. lemaneiformis, Ulva prolifera and Sargassum fusifarme to neutralize total CO2 emission in Shandong Province. This study elucidates carbon removal, release and sequestration capacities of mariculture and indicates that seaweed culture has a tremendous potential to achieve carbon neutrality target in Shandong.


Assuntos
Aquicultura , Sequestro de Carbono , China , Alga Marinha/metabolismo , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Mudança Climática , Água do Mar/química , Animais , Carbono/metabolismo , Carbono/análise , Frutos do Mar , Peixes/metabolismo , Monitoramento Ambiental
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 928: 172290, 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599391

RESUMO

The contamination of wetlands by heavy metals, exacerbated by agricultural activities, presents a threat to both organisms and humans. Heavy metals may undergo trophic transfer through the food web. However, the methods for quantifying the bioaccumulation and trophic transfer processes of heavy metals based on the food web remains unclear. In this study, we employed stable isotope technology to construct a quantitative oriental white stork's typical food web model under a more accurate scaled Δ15N framework. On this basis, the concentrations for heavy metal (Cu, Zn, Hg, Pb) were analyzed, we innovatively visualized the trophic transfer process of heavy metals across 13 nodes and 45 links and quantified the transfer flux based on the diet proportions and heavy metal concentrations of species, taking into account biomagnification effects and potential risks. Our findings revealed that as for Cu and Pb, the transfer flux level was consistent with diet proportion across most links. While Hg and Zn transfer flux level exceeded the corresponding diet proportion in the majority of links. In summary, Hg exhibited a significant biomagnification, whereas Cu, Zn, Pb experienced biodilution. The fish dietary health risk assessment for fish consumers showed that Hg, Pb posed certain risks. This research marks a significant step forward in the quantitative assessment of multi-link networks involving heavy metals within the food web.


Assuntos
Bioacumulação , Monitoramento Ambiental , Cadeia Alimentar , Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Áreas Alagadas , Metais Pesados/análise , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , China , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Animais , Água Doce , Peixes/metabolismo
10.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 202: 116325, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569303

RESUMO

This study assesses macrominerals (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P) and heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Se, Sn, Mn, Co, Fe, and Zn) content of deep-sea fish bycatch in the Arabian Sea, offering insights into their nutritional value, toxicant levels and health implications. Variations in Ca, K, P, Mg, and Na levels across species highlight mineral diversity. Setarches guentheri has the highest Ca (7716 mg/kg ww), K (2030.5 mg/kg ww), and P (13,180 mg/kg ww) concentrations. Dactyloptena orientalis exceeds the Cd limit (0.1284 mg/kg ww). Elevated Se levels in fishes were noted, with Dactyloptena orientalis (0.8607 mg/kg ww), Satyrichthys laticeps (0.7303 mg/kg ww), and Snyderina guentheri (0.6193 mg/kg ww). Fish like Pterygotrigla hemisticta contains high Zn (32 mg/kg ww), meeting Recommended Dietary Allowance limits. Deep-sea fish have safe heavy metal levels, but Cd, Se, and Zn exceed acceptable limits. It has been concluded that the consumption of fish species will not pose a potential health risk to humans.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Metais Pesados/análise , Peixes/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Minerais
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172357, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614344

RESUMO

Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been widely used in various industries, including pesticide production, electroplating, packaging, paper making, and the manufacturing of water-resistant clothes. This study investigates the levels of PFAS in fish tissues collected from four target waterways (15 sampling points) in the northwestern part of Illinois during 2021-2022. To assess accumulation, concentrations of 17 PFAS compounds were evaluated in nine fish species to potentially inform on exposure risks to local sport fishing population via fish consumption. At least four PFAS (PFHxA, PFHxS, PFOS, and PFBS) were detected at each sampling site. The highest concentrations of PFAS were consistently found in samples from the Rock River, particularly in areas near urban and industrial activities. PFHxA emerged as the most accumulated PFAS in the year 2022, while PFBS and PFOS dominated in 2021. Channel Catfish exhibited the highest PFAS content across different fish species, indicating its bioaccumulation potential across the food chain. Elevated levels of PFOS were observed in nearly all fish, indicating the need for careful consideration of fish consumption. Additional bioaccumulation data in the future years is needed to shed light on the sources and PFAS accumulation potential in aquatic wildlife in relation to exposures for potential health risk assessment.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Fluorocarbonos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Illinois , Peixes/metabolismo , Fluorocarbonos/análise
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9161, 2024 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644412

RESUMO

Water bodies are highly pollution-prone areas in which mercury (Hg) is considered as a major menace to aquatic organisms. However, the information about the toxicity of mercuric chloride (HgCl2) in a vital organ such as the liver of fish is still inadequate. This study aimed to assess the impact of mercuric chloride (HgCl2) exposure on the liver of Channa punctata fish over 15, 30, and 45 days, at two different concentrations (0.039 mg/L and 0.078 mg/L). Mercury is known to be a significant threat to aquatic life, and yet, information regarding its effects on fish liver remains limited. The results of this study demonstrate that exposure to HgCl2 significantly increases oxidative stress markers, such as lipid peroxidation (LPO) and protein carbonyls (PC), as well as the levels of serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) in the fish. Additionally, the transcriptional and protein analysis of specific genes and molecules associated with necroptosis and inflammation, such as ABCG2, TNF α, Caspase 3, RIPK 3, IL-1ß, Caspase-1, IL-18, and RIPK1, confirm the occurrence of necroptosis and inflammation in the liver. Histopathological and ultrastructural examinations of the liver tissue further reveal a significant presence of liver steatosis. Interestingly, the upregulation of PPARα suggests that the fish's body is actively responding to counteract the effects of liver steatosis. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of oxidative stress, biochemical changes, gene expression, protein profiles, and histological findings in the liver tissue of fish exposed to mercury pollution in freshwater environments.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso , Inflamação , Fígado , Cloreto de Mercúrio , Estresse Oxidativo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloreto de Mercúrio/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/patologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Fígado Gorduroso/induzido quimicamente , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixes/metabolismo , Channa punctatus
13.
Mar Drugs ; 22(4)2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38667779

RESUMO

With the aim to upcycle fish side-streams, enzymatic hydrolysis is often applied to produce protein hydrolysates with bioactive properties or just as a protein source for food and feed. However, the production of hydrolysates generates a side-stream. For underutilized fish and fish backbone this side-stream will contain fish bones and make it rich in minerals. The aim of this study was to assess the relative bioaccessibility (using the standardized in vitro model INFOGEST 2.0) of minerals in a dietary supplement compared to bone powder generated after enzymatic hydrolysis of three different fish side-streams: undersized whole hake, cod and salmon backbones consisting of insoluble protein and bones. Differences in the bioaccessibility of protein between the powders were also investigated. The enzyme hydrolysis was carried out using different enzymes and hydrolysis conditions for the different fish side-streams. The content and bioaccessibility of protein and the minerals phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca), potassium (K) and magnesium (Mg) were measured to evaluate the potential of the powder as an ingredient in, e.g., dietary supplements. The bone powders contained bioaccessible proteins and minerals. Thus, new side-streams generated from enzymatic hydrolysis can have possible applications in the food sector due to bioaccessible proteins and minerals.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Minerais , Alimentos Marinhos , Animais , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Hidrólise , Salmão/metabolismo , Disponibilidade Biológica , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Peixes/metabolismo , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Pós
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172152, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575012

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) is a ubiquitous and pervasive environmental contaminant with detrimental effects on wildlife, which originates from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Its distribution within ecosystems is influenced by various biogeochemical processes, making it crucial to elucidate the factors driving this variability. To explore these factors, we employed an innovative method to use northern gannets (Morus bassanus) as biological samplers of regurgitated fish in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. We assessed fish total Hg (THg) concentrations in relation to their geographical catch location as well as to pertinent biotic and anthropogenic factors. In small fish species, trophic position, calculated from compound-specific stable nitrogen isotopes in amino acids, emerged as the most influential predictor of THg concentrations. For large fish species, THg concentrations were best explained by δ13C, indicating higher concentrations in inshore habitats. No anthropogenic factors, such as pollution, shipping traffic, or coastal development, were significantly related to THg concentrations in fish. Moreover, previously published THg data in mussels sampled nearby were positively linked with THg concentrations in gannet prey, suggesting consistent mercury distribution across trophic levels in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Our findings point to habitat-dependent variability in THg concentrations across multiple trophic levels. Our study could have many potential uses in the future, including the identification of vulnerability hotspots for fish populations and their predators, or assessing risk factors for seabirds themselves by using biologically relevant prey.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Mercúrio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Mercúrio/análise , Animais , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Peixes/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Quebeque , Cadeia Alimentar , Ecossistema
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172094, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575036

RESUMO

Mangrove estuaries are an important land-sea transitional ecosystem that is currently under various pollution pressures, while there is a lack of research on per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the organisms of mangrove estuaries. In this study, we investigated the distribution and seasonal variation of PFAS in the tissues of organisms from a mangrove estuary. The PFAS concentrations in fish tissues varied from 0.45 ng/g ww to 17.67 ng/g ww and followed the order of viscera > head > carcass > muscle, with the highest tissue burden found in the fish carcass (39.59 ng). The log BAF values of PFDoDA, PFUnDA, and PFDA in the whole fish exceeded 3.70, indicating significant bioaccumulation. The trophic transfer of PFAS in the mangrove estuary food web showed a dilution effect, which was mainly influenced by the spatial heterogeneity of PFAS distribution in the estuarine environment, and demonstrated that the gradient dilution of PFAS in the estuary habitat environment can disguise the PFAS bio-magnification in estuarine organisms, and the larger the swimming ranges of organisms, the more pronounced the bio-dilution effect. The PFOA-equivalent HRs of category A and B fish were 3.48-5.17 and 2.59-4.01, respectively, indicating that mangrove estuarine residents had a high PFAS exposure risk through the intake of estuarine fish.


Assuntos
Bioacumulação , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Peixes , Cadeia Alimentar , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Animais , Peixes/metabolismo , Áreas Alagadas , Fluorocarbonos/análise , Fluorocarbonos/metabolismo
16.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(3): e13336, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558497

RESUMO

Fish inevitably face numerous stressors in growth, processing, and circulation. In recent years, stress-related change in fish muscle quality has gradually become a research hotspot. Thus, the understanding of the mechanism regarding the change is constantly deepening. This review introduces the physiological regulation of fish under stress, with particular attention devoted to signal transduction, gene expression, and metabolism, and changes in the physiological characteristics of muscular cells. Then, the influences of various stressors on the nutrition, physical properties, and flavor of the fish muscle are sequentially described. This review emphasizes recent advances in the mechanisms underlying changes in muscle quality, which are believed to be involved mainly in physiological regulation under stress. In addition, studies are also introduced on improving muscle quality by mitigating fish stress.


Assuntos
Peixes , Estado Nutricional , Animais , Peixes/genética , Peixes/metabolismo , Músculos
17.
Biomolecules ; 14(4)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38672450

RESUMO

Motilin is a gastrointestinal hormone that is mainly produced in the duodenum of mammals, and it is responsible for regulating appetite. However, the role and expression of motilin are poorly understood during starvation and the weaning stage, which is of great importance in the seeding cultivation of fish. In this study, the sequences of Yangtze sturgeon (Acipenser dabryanus Motilin (AdMotilin)) motilin receptor (AdMotilinR) were cloned and characterized. The results of tissue expression showed that by contrast with mammals, AdMotilin mRNA was richly expressed in the brain, whereas AdMotilinR was highly expressed in the stomach, duodenum, and brain. Weaning from a natural diet of T. Limnodrilus to commercial feed significantly promoted the expression of AdMotilin in the brain during the period from day 1 to day 10, and after re-feeding with T. Limnodrilus the change in expression of AdMotilin was partially reversed. Similarly, it was revealed that fasting increased the expression of AdMotilin in the brain (3 h, 6 h) and duodenum (3 h), and the expression of AdMotilinR in the brain (1 h) in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, it was observed that peripheral injection of motilin-NH2 increased food intake and the filling index of the digestive tract in the Yangtze sturgeon, which was accompanied by the changes of AdMotilinR and appetite factors expression in the brain (POMC, CART, AGRP, NPY and CCK) and stomach (CCK). These results indicate that motilin acts as an indicator of nutritional status, and also serves as a novel orexigenic factor that stimulates food intake in Acipenser dabryanus. This study lays a strong foundation for the application of motilin as a biomarker in the estimation of hunger in juvenile Acipenser dabryanu during the weaning phase, and enhances the understanding of the role of motilin as a novel regulator of feeding in fish.


Assuntos
Peixes , Motilina , Animais , Motilina/metabolismo , Peixes/metabolismo , Peixes/genética , Peixes/fisiologia , Receptores dos Hormônios Gastrointestinais/metabolismo , Receptores dos Hormônios Gastrointestinais/genética , Receptores de Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Receptores de Neuropeptídeos/genética , Comportamento Alimentar , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Encéfalo/metabolismo
18.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(4)2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38674421

RESUMO

To investigate whether Mandarin fish developed oxidative stress after being domesticated with artificial feed, we conducted a series of experiments. Oxidative stress is an important factor leading to diseases and aging in the body. The liver integrates functions such as digestion, metabolism, detoxification, coagulation, and immune regulation, while the gills are important respiratory organs that are sensitive to changes in the water environment. Therefore, we used the liver and gills of Mandarin fish as research materials. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of short-term artificial feed domestication on the expression of oxidative stress genes and the changes in oxidative-stress-related enzyme activity in the liver and gills of Mandarin fish. We divided the Mandarin fish into two groups for treatment. The control group was fed with live bait continuously for 14 days, while the experimental group was fed with half artificial feed and half live bait from 0 to 7 days (T-7 d), followed by solely artificial feed from 7 to 14 days (T-14 d). The experimental results showed that there was no difference in the body weight, length, and standard growth rate of the Mandarin fish between the two groups of treatments; after two treatments, there were differences in the expression of genes related to oxidative stress in the gills (keap1, kappa, gsta, gstt1, gstk1, SOD, and CAT) and in the liver (GPx, keap1, kappa, gsta, gstt1, gr, and SOD). In the liver, GPx activity and the content of MDA were significantly upregulated after 7 days of domestication, while in the gills, SOD activity was significantly upregulated after 7 days of domestication and GPx activity was significantly downregulated after 14 days of domestication. These results suggest that artificial feed domestication is associated with oxidative stress. Moreover, these results provide experimental basic data for increasing the production of aquaculture feed for Mandarin fish.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Domesticação , Brânquias , Fígado , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Fígado/metabolismo , Brânquias/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Peixes/genética , Peixes/metabolismo , Aquicultura/métodos
19.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(17): 7617-7627, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632682

RESUMO

Commercial chemicals, such as synthetic musks, are of global concern, but data on their occurrence and spatial distribution in aquatic environments of large scale are scarce. Two sampling campaigns were conducted in the present study to measure freely dissolved synthetic musks in freshwaters across China using passive samplers, along with biological coexposure at selected sites. Polycyclic musks (PCMs) dominated synthetic musks, with a detection frequency of 95%. Higher concentrations of PCMs were observed in densely populated Mid, East, and South China compared to less populated regions, indicating the significance of anthropogenic activities for synthetic musks in water. The concentration ratios of galaxolide (HHCB)/tonalide (AHTN) were significantly higher in low-latitude areas than in high-latitude areas from June to September, suggesting that solar radiation played an important role in the degradation of HHCB/AHTN. Significant correlations were found between dissolved concentrations of HHCB and AHTN and their lipid-normalized concentrations in coexposed fish and clam. The estimated hazard quotients for HHCB and AHTN in freshwater fish consumed by humans were less than 0.01 at all sampling sites except the Yangtze River Basin. These results help to understand the environmental fate and ecological risks of synthetic musks on a large geographical scale.


Assuntos
Água Doce , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Água Doce/química , Monitoramento Ambiental , Bioacumulação , Benzopiranos , Animais , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/análise , Peixes/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados
20.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 26(2): 404-420, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558367

RESUMO

Optimization of antioxidants and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory potential gelatin hydrolysate production from Labeo rohita (rohu) swim bladder (SBGH) by alcalase using central composite design (CCD) of response surface methodology (RSM) was investigated. The maximum degree of hydrolysis (DH), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS), total antioxidants (TAO), and ACE inhibitory activity were achieved at 0.1:1.0 (w/w) enzyme to substrate ratio, 61 °C hydrolysis temperature, and 94-min hydrolysis time. The resulting SBGH obtained at 19.92% DH exhibited the DPPH (24.28 µM TE/mg protein), ABTS (34.47 µM TE/mg protein), TAO (12.01 µg AAE/mg protein), and ACE inhibitory (4.91 µg/mg protein) activity. Furthermore, SBGH at 100 µg/ml displayed osteogenic property without any toxic effects on MC3T3-E1 cells. Besides, the protein content of rohu swim bladder gelatin (SBG) and SBGH was 93.68% and 94.98%, respectively. Both SBG and SBGH were rich in glycine, proline, glutamic acid, alanine, arginine, and hydroxyproline amino acids. Therefore, SBGH could be an effective nutraceutical in functional food development.


Assuntos
Sacos Aéreos , Peixes , Animais , Sacos Aéreos/química , Sacos Aéreos/metabolismo , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Cyprinidae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Gelatina/química , Hidrólise , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Picratos , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Subtilisinas/metabolismo , Peixes/metabolismo
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