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1.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 293-297, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043347

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy and safety of ornidazole combined with periodontal tissue regeneration in the treatment of periodontitis. METHODS: From March 2018 to March 2019, 100 patients with periodontitis who received treatment in the Stomatological Hospital Affiliated to the School of Medicine of Nanjing University were selected and randomly divided into the regeneration group and combined treatment group with 50 patients in each group. Patients in the regeneration group received periodontal tissue regeneration treatment, while patients in the combined treatment group received ornidazole combined periodontal tissue regeneration treatment. Related periodontal indexes including periodontal probing depth(PPD), periodontal attachment level(PAL), tooth mobility degree(MD) were measured, serum malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (gsh-px) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) and interleukin 4 (IL-4), c-reactive protein(CRP) level and immune globulin level were detected before and after treatment, the therapeutic effects and complications were recorded and compared. SPSS 21.0 software package was used for statistical analysis of the data. RESULTS: After treatment, PPD, PAL and MD levels in the combined treatment groups were significantly lower than those in the regenerative group (P<0.05). Serum MDA level in the combined treatment group was significantly lower than that in the regenerative group, SOD and gsh-px levels were significantly higher than that in the regenerative group(P<0.05). The serum levels of IgA, IgM, IgG, IgE, IL-10, IL-4 and CRP in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than those in the regenerative treatment group (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the combined treatment group was significantly higher than that of the regenerative treatment group, and the incidence of complications was significantly lower than that of the regenerative group(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Ornidazole combined with periodontal tissue regeneration can improve the level of periodontal index, alleviate oxidative stress injury, improve immune function, inhibit inflammation, and has a significant therapeutic effect with high safety.


Assuntos
Metronidazol , Periodontite , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Metronidazol/efeitos adversos , Índice Periodontal , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Periodonto
2.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 393-397, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of periodontal endoscope as an adjuvant therapy for the non-surgical periodontal treatment of patients with severe and generalized periodontitis. METHODS: Patients (n=13) were divided into three groups: patients treated with conventional subgingival scaling and root planing (SRP) (n=7, 408 sites) (group A), SRP using periodontal endoscope (n=4, 188 sites) (group B) or SRP with periodontal endoscope 3 months after initial SRP (n=2, 142 sites) (group C). Two subgroups were divided into 2 subgroups according to PD at the baseline: 46 mm as subgroup 2. Probing depth (PD), attachment loss (AL), gingival recession (GR) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded. RESULTS: The results of 3 months after treatment showed all PD, AL, and GR values in group A1 were less than those in group B1 (P<0.05), but no significant difference in BOP was found between the two groups. The decrease in PD, BOP in group B2 was more obvious than those in group A2 (P<0.000 1), and the GR values in group B2 were more than those in group A2 (P<0.000 1). But the improvement of AL showed no statistical difference between the two groups (P=0.296 8). In group C1, no significant difference in PD, AL, and GR was observed after endoscopy-assisted therapy, but it was more effective for BOP (P<0.000 1). In group C2, the improvement in PD and AL was significantly different from the improvement in SRP alone (P=0.000 5, P=0.000 2) and was accompanied by more GR (P=0.000 5). CONCLUSIONS: In non-surgical treatment of severe and generalized periodontitis, SRP can achieve good therapeutic effect on sites with 46 mm, the application of periodontal endoscopy can increase the effect, reducing PD and GR, which may be an effective supplement to the current non-surgical periodontal treatment.


Assuntos
Raspagem Dentária , Periodontite , Endoscópios , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gengival , Humanos , Perda da Inserção Periodontal , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal , Aplainamento Radicular , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925997

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the prevalence and diversity of archaea and select bacteria in the subgingival biofilm of patients with peri-implantitis in comparison to patients with unaffected implants and patients with periodontitis. Samples of subgingival biofilm from oral sites were collected for DNA extraction (n = 139). A 16S rRNA gene-based polymerase chain reaction assay was used to determine the presence of archaea and select bacteria. Seven samples were selected for direct sequencing. Archaea were detected in 10% of samples from peri-implantitis sites, but not in samples from the unaffected dental implant. Archaea were present in 53% and 64% of samples from mild and moderate/advanced periodontitis sites, respectively. The main representative of the Archaea domain found in biofilm from periodontitis and peri-implantitis sites was Methanobrevibacter oralis. The present results revealed that archaea are present in diseased but not healthy implants. It was also found that archaea were more abundant in periodontitis than in peri-implantitis sites. Hence, the potential role of archaea in peri-implantitis and periodontitis should be taken into consideration.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Periodontite , Archaea , Biofilmes , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
4.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 799-806, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895664

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Periodontitis is characterised by inflammation of periodontium and alveolar bone loss. Gardenia jasminoides is reported to have anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of aqueous extract of G. jasminoides (GJ) on periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 7 weeks were randomly placed in three groups (n = 7); non-ligatured and non-treated (NL group), ligatured and distilled water-treated (L group) and ligatured and 100 mg/kg GJ-treated (GJ group). After oral administration of GJ for 14 days, the mandibles were removed for histology. In addition, RAW 264.7 cells were treated with 100 ng/ml receptor activator of nuclear factor-κΒ ligand (RANKL) and 1, 10 and 100 µg/ml GJ for 7 days to analyse the expression of periodontitis-related factors. RESULTS: In GJ-treated mice, the score of alveolar bone loss was statistically significantly attenuated compared with the L group. GJ treatment showed inhibition effect in the progress of cementum demineralisation. The expressions of proinflammatory cytokines in gingival tissue were statistically significantly regulated by GJ treatment. Additionally, GJ treatment showed the dose-dependent inhibition of RANKL-induced osteoclast formation. Furthermore, GJ treatment downregulated the RANKL-induced cytokine production in RAW 264.7 cells. CONCLUSION: In summary, GJ ameliorated periodontitis-induced alveolar bone loss via inhibiting transcription factors including nuclear factor-κB, c-fos and extracellular signal-regulated kinase signalling. Therefore, GJ might be a therapeutic option for treating periodontitis.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Gardenia , Periodontite , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Osteoclastos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
5.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 685-690, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878407

RESUMO

Curcumin is a plant-derived polyphenol extracted from the rhizome of turmeric. As curcumin has such favorable properties as anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, anti-angiogenesis, immune regulation, anti-bacterial and pro-apoptosis and showed few side effects, the application of curcumin in prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases is promising. This article reviewed the research progress of curcumin in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
6.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(2): 143-152, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920617

RESUMO

The aims of the present study were, first, to identify signs of alveolar bone damage in early stages of experimental periodontitis (EP) and, second, to assess its possible prevention by treatment with cannabinoid receptor 2 agonist HU 308. Experimental periodontitis was induced by injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (1mg/ml) in gums surrounding maxillary and mandibular first molar, 3 days per week, and untreated controls were kept for comparison. Then, a 3-week study was conducted including eighteen new rats (six rats per group): 1) controls; 2) experimental periodontitis rats; and 3) experimental periodontitis rats treated daily with HU 308 (500 ng/ml). After euthanasia, alveolar bone loss was assessed by morphometric and histomorphometric techniques, and the content of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in gingival tissue was evaluated by radioimmunoassay. The first signs of alveolar bone loss were apparent at 3 weeks of experimental periodontitis (ρ<0.05) in the mandibular first molar, but there was no detectable change at 1 week, leading us to establish 3 weeks as an early stage of experimental periodontitis. Rats subjected to 3-week experimental periodontitis showed less interradicular bone volume, less whole bone perimeter and fewer bone formation areas, and higher periodontal space height, bone resorption areas, number of osteoclasts and gingival content of prostaglandin E2 than controls, while HU 308 prevented, at least partially, the deleterious effects (ρ<0.001). We can conclude that a 3-week term of lipopolysaccharide-induced periodontitis in rats provides a valid model of the early stage of the disease, as emerging damage is observed in bone tissue. Furthermore, harmful effects at 3 weeks could be prevented by local stimulation of cannabinoid receptor 2, before greater damage is produced.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Agonistas de Receptores de Canabinoides/farmacologia , Canabinoides/farmacologia , Periodontite , Perda do Osso Alveolar/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Osteoclastos , Periodontite/metabolismo , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Ratos
7.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(5): 759-764, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897213

RESUMO

Periodontal pathogens are the main pathogenic factor of periodontitis. Periodontal pathogens have a large variety of virulence factors such as lipopolysaccharide, fimbriae and proteases, which enables the pathogens to infect periodontal tissues and stimulate the secretion of inflammatory cytokines, causing chronic systemic inflammation. Periodontal pathogens may invade multiple systems such as the circulatory system, immune system, respiratory system and digestive system to cause systematic diseases. Recent studies have shown that periodontal pathogens may have close relations with systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer. Among the periodontal pathogens, Porphyromonas gingivalis can be found in atherosclerotic plaques to impairing the function of the vascular endothelium; Porphyromonas gingivalis may also increase the level of inflammatory factors such as TNF-α to promote insulin resistance and diabetes. Many of the periodontal pathogens such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Prevotella intermedia can be detected in the synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis patients, suggesting their involvement in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Fusobacterium nucleatum may cause alterations in the intestinal microbiome in mice and promote the occurrence of intestinal tumors. Herein we review the recent progresses in the relationship between periodontal pathogens and systemic diseases.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans , Animais , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Prevotella intermedia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21851, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899013

RESUMO

The association between tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α-308G/A, -238G/A, -863C/A, -1031T/C, and -857C/T) polymorphism and either chronic (CP) or aggressive (AgP) periodontitis susceptibility was conflicting. This meta-analysis aimed to quantitatively estimate the association.A total of 52 studies involving 5519 patients and 7260 controls were identified through a search of multiple electronic databases. Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals using allele, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant, and recessive genetic models were computed to assess the strength of the association.The TNF-α-308G/A polymorphism was significantly associated with decreased risks of CP (GG vs AA: OR = 0.353, P < .001; GG+GA vs AA: OR = 0.480, P < .001) and AgP (G vs A: OR = 0.651, P < .001; GG vs AA: OR = 0.306, P < .001; GG+GA vs AA: OR = 0.384, P < .001) in Asians. There were no associations between TNF-α-238G/A, -863C/A, -1031T/C, -857C/T polymorphism and susceptibility to AgP. No associations were also found between CP susceptibility and TNF-α-238G/A, -857C/T polymorphism.These findings supported that TNF-α-308G/A polymorphism might be the protective factors of CP and AgP in Asians, and TNF-α-238G/A, -863C/A, -1031T/C, -857C/T polymorphism is not linked to AgP susceptibility.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Periodontite/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Proteção , Fatores de Risco
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21423, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756145

RESUMO

Whether periodontitis is a risk factor for developing bipolar disorders (BD) has not been investigated. We aimed to determine whether periodontitis is associated with the subsequent development of BD and examine the risk factors for BD among patients with periodontitis.Using ambulatory and inpatient claims data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), we identified 12,337 patients who were aged at least 20 years and newly diagnosed with periodontitis between 2000 and 2004. The date of the first claim with a periodontitis diagnosis was set as the index date. For each patient with periodontitis, 4 subjects without a history of periodontitis were randomly selected from the NHIRD and frequency-matched with the patients with periodontitis according to sex, age (in 5-year bands), and index year.The periodontitis group had a mean age of 44.0 ±â€Š13.7 years and slight predominance of men (51.3%). Compared with the subjects without periodontitis, the patients with periodontitis had higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, stroke, head injury, major depressive disorder, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and asthma (P < .001). The incidence rate of BD was higher in the periodontitis group than in the non-periodontitis group (2.74 vs 1.46 per 1000 person-year), with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.82 (95% confidence interval = 1.59-2.08) after adjustment for sex, age, and comorbidities.The patients with periodontitis exhibited a significantly higher risk of developing BD. Keep the better oral hygiene to reduce periodontitis might be a preventive strategy for BD.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Transtorno Bipolar/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/complicações , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Med Life ; 13(2): 219-224, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742517

RESUMO

Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection characterized by persistent inflammation, connective tissue breakdown, and alveolar bone destruction. The current study aimed to compare the connective tissue metabolism indices in rats with comorbidity-free periodontitis and in animals with periodontitis in a setting of hyper-and hypothyroidism. 12-14-week-old inbred white male rats (n=48) were included in the experiment. They were randomly divided into the following groups: control, animals with a model of periodontitis, animals with periodontitis in a setting of hyperthyroidism, animals with periodontitis in a setting of hypothyroidism. Serum levels of free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, and thyroid-stimulating hormone were assayed using ELISA kits manufactured by Vector Best (Russia) to confirm the hyper- and hypothyroid status. Collagenolytic activity, the content of glycosaminoglycans, free hydroxyproline, and fucose, unbound with proteins in blood serum were assayed using the spectrophotometric method. We have found the increasing of collagenolytic activity by 46.1% (р<0.001), the content of free hydroxyproline by 74.1% (р<0.001), the content of glycosaminoglycans by 1.8 times (р<0.001), the content of fucose, unbound with proteins by 2.8 times (р<0.001) in rats with periodontitis vs. the control group. The development of periodontitis in a setting of thyroid dysfunction leads to an even more significant increase in the destruction of connective tissue, which is confirmed by a significant increase in the content of studied indices vs. euthyroid animals, both in hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.


Assuntos
Tecido Conjuntivo/metabolismo , Periodontite/complicações , Glândula Tireoide/fisiopatologia , Animais , Comorbidade , Masculino , Ratos , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo
11.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 31(10): 1002-1009, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the overall occurrence and potential clustering of biological and technical complications in implant dentistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 596 patients provided with implant-supported reconstructions were evaluated for the occurrence of (a) technical complications, (b) peri-implantitis and (c) implant loss during a period of 9 years. Time and type of event were scored, and potential risk factors were explored through parametric modelling of survival and hazards. Clustering of complications was assessed at the patient level, and patient satisfaction was evaluated by questionnaire completed at the 9-year examination. RESULTS: 42% of patients were affected by technical and/or biological complications during the 9-year observation period. Extent of therapy (Hazard Ratio 2.5: patients with partial jaw restorations; HR 3.9: patients with full jaw restorations) and a history of periodontitis (HR 1.6) were identified as risk factors. While technical complications occurred mostly as isolated events, 41% of subjects identified with peri-implantitis and 52% of subjects with implant loss also presented with other complications. The hazard for technical complications and implant loss peaked at 0.7 years and 0.2 years, respectively, while the hazard for peri-implantitis was consistent throughout the observation period. The overall proportion of satisfied patients at 9 years was high (95%), and only minor differences between individuals with and without complications were noted. CONCLUSIONS: Complications following implant-supported restorative therapy were common findings. Extent of therapy and periodontitis were identified as risk factors. While technical complications occurred in an isolated pattern, peri-implantitis and implant loss demonstrated clustering with other types of complications.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Peri-Implantite/epidemiologia , Peri-Implantite/etiologia , Periodontite , Análise por Conglomerados , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/efeitos adversos , Humanos
12.
Asia Pac J Public Health ; 32(6-7): 346-353, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741221

RESUMO

This study evaluated the validity of self-reported periodontitis measures among 2404 Japanese adults aged 40 to 75 years. A self-administered questionnaire survey and a clinical periodontal examination were conducted from 2013 through 2016. The self-reported periodontitis questions included 3 sociodemographic, 3 health, and 5 periodontal health-related items. Based on the clinical case definition of periodontitis, 26.5% of participants were found to be periodontally healthy, 2.7% had mild periodontitis, 55.2% moderate periodontitis, and 15.6% severe periodontitis. No single self-reported question demonstrated satisfactory validity in predicting the presence or absence of periodontitis. The predictive ability in mild and/or moderate periodontitis was poor even after combining multiple sociodemographic, health, and periodontal health-related questions. In severe periodontitis, the model including age, sex, education level, smoking status, diabetes history, body mass index, informed by a dentist, gingival bleeding, calculus deposit, and tooth mobility, presented moderate predictive performance (C-statistic: 0.676, sensitivity: 65.2%, and specificity: 61.1%). An age-stratified analysis on severe periodontitis showed that sensitivity was higher, and specificity was lower in older age group (60-75 years) than younger age group (40-59 years). Further refinement of questions in the self-report is required to increase the accuracy of the prediction of clinical periodontitis.


Assuntos
Periodontite/epidemiologia , Autorrelato , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 546-550, 2020 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842345

RESUMO

Clear aligner is a kind of removable orthodontic appliance, which designed and manufactured using digital technology. It is more and more widely used in adults and patients with periodontal disease. Clear aligner treatment in patients with moderate and mild periodontal diseases can achieve good result. Meanwhile, there are still risks in the clear aligner treatment in patients with severe periodontal diseases, so it is necessary to strictly control the indications. Multidisciplinary treatment of complex periodontal disease is important before the start of orthodontics. The objective of orthodontic treatment in patients with periodontal disease should be made clear and the range of tooth movement must be strictly controlled. In the application of the clear aligner, the feasible target position of clear aligner should be designed. According to patient's periodontal condition, staging should be designed and the reasonable attachment should be set. The shape of the aligner should be designed to reduce the gingival stimulation. Clear aligner treatment could play an important role in multidisciplinary treatment, and improve the overall effect in patients with periodontal disease. The application of clear aligner in the treatment of periodontal diseases was discussed in various aspects, providing a reference for rational clinical use.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Ortodontia , Periodontite , Adulto , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
14.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(8): 586-590, 2020 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842351

RESUMO

Tooth loss is a common disease in the elderly, and periodontitis is the main cause of tooth loss. Alzheimer's disease is a primary degenerative brain disease which etiology remains unknown. The patients often demonstrate cognitive impairment with characteristic neuropathological and neurochemical changes. The present article reviewed the relationship and associated mechanisms between tooth loss and Alzheimer's disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Periodontite , Perda de Dente , Idoso , Humanos
15.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237004, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756589

RESUMO

Dysregulated expression of MicroRNAs (miRNAs) plays substantial role in the initiation and progression of both diabetes and periodontitis. The aim of the present study was to validate four miRNAs in saliva as potential predictive biomarkers of periodontal disease among patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). MiRNAs were extracted from the saliva of 24 adult subjects with DM and 29 healthy controls. Each group was subdivided into periodontally healthy or having periodontitis. In silico analysis identified 4 miRNAs (miRNA 155, 146 a/b and 203) as immune modulators. The expression of miRNAs-146a/b, 155, and 203 was tested using quantitative PCR. The expression levels in the study groups were compared to explore the effect of diabetes on periodontal status and vice versa. In our cohort, the four miRNAs expression were higher in patients with periodontitis and/or diabetes. miRNA-155 was the most reliable predictors of periodontitis among non-diabetics with an optimum cut-off value of < 8.97 with accuracy = 82.6%. MiRNA 146a, on the other hand, was the only reliable predictor of periodontitis among subjects with diabetes with optimum cut-off value of ≥11.04 with accuracy = 86.1%. The results of the present study concluded that MiRNA-146a and miRNA155 in saliva provide reliable, non-invasive, diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers that can be used to monitor periodontal health status among diabetic and non-diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Periodontite/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico , Complicações do Diabetes/genética , Complicações do Diabetes/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/genética , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Análise Discriminante , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Periodontite/genética , Periodontite/metabolismo , Projetos Piloto , Saliva/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Adulto Jovem
16.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237510, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810155

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a highly prevalent condition leading to a continuous destruction of tooth-supporting tissues. It increases the risk for various systemic diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, screening for periodontitis is important. Screening measures can range from self-reported symptoms to clinical full-mouth periodontal examination. The hypothesis of our study was that self-reported parameters and clinical definition perform equally well in identifying periodontitis patients. The aim of this study was to develop, validate its internal consistency, and evaluate a self-reported instrument against periodontal clinical evaluation for diagnosis of periodontitis in a group of postpartum women, as well as to describe their periodontal status and the risk factors associated with periodontal disease. A cross-sectional study on postpartum women was conducted in a tertiary university hospital, from April 2018 to March 2019. Sociodemographic and behavioral data, periodontal clinical parameters, and self-reported periodontal perception were collected. A 16-item questionnaire was developed to obtain information about perceived periodontal alterations and oral hygiene habits. The utility of the questionnaire was tested against a periodontal diagnosis based on a full-mouth periodontal examination. The questionnaire was applied in 215 postpartum women aged 29.16±5.54 years (mean age (y) ± standard deviation) having the following periodontal status: 16 individuals without periodontal disease (7.44%), 32 individuals with gingivitis (14.88%), 19 individuals with mild periodontitis (8.84%), 132 individuals with moderate periodontitis (61.39%), and 16 individuals with severe periodontitis (7.44%). A significant association was observed between oral hygiene score, smoking status, and periodontal conditions (p<0.05). A significant association between the self-reported items related to "gum swelling", "halitosis", "previous periodontal diagnosis" and "previous periodontal treatment" with clinical periodontitis have been identified (p<0.05). Using self-reported questionnaires for detection of periodontal disease was ineffective in our studied population, since self-reported parameters and clinical definition do not appear to perform equally in identifying periodontitis cases. Clinical periodontal examination remains the gold standard for screening. Periodontitis was frequent in our group and the severity was significantly associated with the oral hygiene score and smoking. These results underline the necessity for periodontal clinical examination during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/etiologia , Transtornos Puerperais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Puerperais/etiologia , Autorrelato , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Europa Oriental/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gengivite/epidemiologia , Gengivite/etiologia , Halitose/epidemiologia , Halitose/etiologia , Humanos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Romênia/epidemiologia , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Med Microbiol ; 69(9): 1151-1168, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840477

RESUMO

Introduction. Enterococcus faecalis is a facultative, anaerobic, opportunistic pathogen associated with medical and dental diseases. Bacterial phenotypic traits and pathogenesis are often influenced by lysogeny.Aim. The aim of this study was to characterize both the morphology and complete genome sequences of induced prophages purified from E. faecalis clinical isolates.Methodology. E. faecalis isolates were recovered from the roots of teeth of patients attending an endodontic clinic. The morphological features of isolated phage were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). DNA sequencing was performed using the Illumina MiSeq platform.Results. TEM indicated that the isolated φEf-vB1 prophage belongs to the family Siphoviridae. The φEf-vB1 prophage was stable over a wide range of temperatures and pH. Sequencing of φEf-vB1 DNA revealed that the phage genome is 37 561 bp in length with a G+C content of 37.6mol% and contained 53 ORFs. Comparison with previously predicted prophage genomes using blast revealed that φEf-vB1 has a high sequence similarity to previously characterized phage genomes. The lysogenic E. faecalis strain exhibited a higher biofilm formation capacity relative to the non-lysogenic strain.Conclusion. The current findings highlight the role of lysogeny in modification of E. faecalis properties and reveal the potential importance of prophages in E. faecalis biology and pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos/fisiologia , Enterococcus faecalis/fisiologia , Enterococcus faecalis/virologia , Prófagos/fisiologia , Siphoviridae/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Enterococcus faecalis/genética , Enterococcus faecalis/isolamento & purificação , Genoma Viral , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/microbiologia , Humanos , Lisogenia , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Periodontite , Prófagos/classificação , Prófagos/genética , Prófagos/isolamento & purificação , Siphoviridae/classificação , Siphoviridae/genética , Siphoviridae/fisiologia
18.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237660, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841254

RESUMO

This study evaluated the influence of type 2 diabetes mellitus on bone loss, bone repair and cytokine production in hyperglycemic rats, treated or not with metformin. The animals were distributed as follow: Non-Hyperglycemic (NH), Non Hyperglycemic with Ligature (NH-L), Treated Non Hyperglycemic (TNH), Treated Non Hyperglycemic with Ligature Treated (TNH-L), Hyperglycemic (H), Treated Hyperglycemic (TH), Hyperglycemic with Ligature (H-L), Treated Hyperglycemic with Ligature (TH-L). At 40th day after induction of hyperglycemia, the groups NH-L, TNH-L, H-L, TH-L received a ligature to induce periodontitis. On the 69th, the TNH, TNH-L, TH, TH-L groups received metformin until the end of the study. Bone repair was evaluated at histometric and the expression levels of Sox9, RunX2 and Osterix. Analysis of the ex-vivo expression of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-12, IL-4, TGF-ß, IL-10, IL-6 and IL-17 were also evaluated. Metformin partially reverse induced bone loss in NH and H animals. Lower OPG/RANKL, increased OCN and TRAP expression were observed in hyperglycemic animals, and treatment with metformin partially reversed hyperglycemia on the OPG/RANKL, OPN and TRAP expression in the periodontitis. The expression of SOX9 and RunX2 were also decreased by hyperglycemia and metformin treatment. Increased ex vivo levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-4, IL-10 and IL-17 was observed. Hyperglycemia promoted increased IL-10 levels compared to non-hyperglycemic ones. Treatment of NH with metformin was able to mediate increased levels of TNF-α, IL-10 and IL-17, whereas for H an increase of TNF-α and IL-17 was detected in the 24- or 48-hour after stimulation with LPS. Ligature was able to induce increased levels of TNF-α and IL-17 in both NH and H. This study revealed the negative impact of hyperglycemia and/or treatment with metformin in the bone repair via inhibition of transcription factors associated with osteoblastic differentiation.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Metformina/administração & dosagem , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/metabolismo , Processo Alveolar/citologia , Processo Alveolar/efeitos dos fármacos , Processo Alveolar/metabolismo , Processo Alveolar/patologia , Animais , Regeneração Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Regeneração Óssea/genética , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , Periodontite/etiologia , Periodontite/metabolismo , Ratos , Estreptozocina/toxicidade , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
19.
Periodontol 2000 ; 84(1): 124-133, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844410

RESUMO

Recall sessions are an integral part of supportive periodontal therapy. The aim of the current article is to review the existing evidence to support if and to what extent a predefined frequency of periodontal recall sessions ensures periodontal health and stability. Factors that potentially affect the time interval for recall are described. Moreover, original data on the relevance of residual diseased sites (ie, bleeding pockets) at patient level to predict the progression of periodontitis are presented. Overall, wide heterogeneity was found in the published literature with regards to the proposed supportive periodontal therapy recall frequency once active periodontal therapy has been completed. Available data clearly show that a primary and secondary preventive regimen based on routine supportive periodontal therapy is beneficial to preserve a periodontally healthy dentition and prevent tooth loss. However, convincing evidence regarding the appropriateness, risk-benefit, and cost-effectiveness of different recall intervals is currently scarce. In patients affected by moderate to advanced periodontitis, a supportive periodontal therapy protocol based on a 2-4 month recall interval appears reasonable. Limited data suggest that the amount/proportion of residual diseased sites (intended as pockets or bleeding pockets) and risk assessment tools may be of value in establishing the appropriate recall frequency.


Assuntos
Periodontite/terapia , Perda de Dente , Progressão da Doença , Humanos
20.
Periodontol 2000 ; 84(1): 202-214, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844412

RESUMO

Upwards of 1 in 10 adults worldwide may be affected by severe periodontitis, making the disease more prevalent than cardiovascular disease. Despite its global scope, its impact on pain, oral function, and the wellbeing of individuals, and the disproportionate burden of disease and the socioeconomic impact on communities, the perception that periodontal disease is a public health problem remains low. Although there have been substantial improvements in our understanding of the etiology of periodontal disease and how we can prevent and control it, these advances have been primarily focused on individual, patient-focused approaches. The prevention of periodontal disease depends on improving currently available individual interventions and on determining what public health interventions can be effective and sustainable under real-life conditions. Currently, public health approaches for periodontal disease prevention and control are lacking. This review traces the historical strategies for prevention of periodontal disease in an epidemiologic transition context, using a modified model developed for cardiovascular disease, and presents a possible public health approach. Improving periodontal disease prevention and control will need to take into consideration the core activities of a public health approach: assessment, policy development, and assurance.


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Periodontite/epidemiologia , Periodontite/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Humanos , Saúde Pública
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