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1.
An. psicol ; 40(2): 335-343, May-Sep, 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232726

RESUMO

El presente estudio investigó si la satisfacción con la vida se predice a partir de la felicidad subjetiva, afectos positivos y negativos, alteración psicológica y emociones de gratitud y si la emoción de gratitud está mediando la relación con la felicidad subjetiva, los afectos y la satisfacción con la vida. Se hicieron correlación de Pearson, pruebas de regresión lineal múltiple y modelos de mediación en una muestra de 1537 adultos españoles, 73.6% mujeres y 26.4% hombres, edad 18-88 años (M = 42.56 años; DT = 16.29). Se halló que las emociones de gratitud median la relación entre felicidad subjetiva y satisfacción con la vida y entre los afectos positivos y la satisfacción con la vida. Los afectos positivos son los que más se relacionan con la satisfacción con la vida, seguidos por la felicidad subjetiva y las emociones de gratitud. Los hombres están más satisfechos con la vida cuando sienten menos afecto negativo. Además, las emociones de gratitud median la relación entre felicidad subjetiva y satisfacción con la vida y entre los afectos positivos y la satisfacción con la vida. La diferencia principal radica en que las emociones de gratitud son más fuertes en las mujeres que en los hombres.(AU)


This study aims to examine the predictability of satisfaction with life on the basis of subjective happiness, positive and negative affect, psy-chological disturbance and emotion of gratitude. It also seeks to assess whether the emotion of gratitude is a mediating variable withsubjective happiness, affect, and satisfaction with life. Statistical analyses of Pearson'scorrelation, multiple linear regression tests, and mediation models were conducted on asample of 1537 Spanish adults, 73.6% were females, 26.4% males, age between 18-88 yearsold (M = 42.56; SD = 16.29). The emo-tions of gratitude were found to mediate therelationship between subjec-tive happiness and satisfaction with life and between positiveaffect and satisfaction with life. Of the variables studied, positive affect is the most related tosatisfaction with life, followed by subjective happiness and emo-tions of gratitude. Maleparticipants are more satisfied with life when they feel the less negative affect. Regardingmediation models, emotions of grat-itude mediate the relationship between subjectivehappiness and satisfac-tion with life and between positive affect and satisfaction with life. Themaindifferenceis thatemotions of gratitudearestronger infemalesthan in males.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação Pessoal , Felicidade , Emoções , Sintomas Afetivos , Espanha
2.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 52-57, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553298

RESUMO

O selamento dentinário imediato é um procedimento essencial na Odontologia, que envolve a aplicação de agentes de selamento na interface entre a dentina e o material restaurador imediatamente após a remoção da cárie e do preparo da cavidade dentária. Este processo busca selar os túbulos dentinários expostos, proporcionando proteção à polpa dentária. O presente caso foi realizado em um paciente do sexo masculino, 56 anos que se queixou de desconforto no elemento dentário 17. Após avaliação clínica e radiográfica, foi constatado uma ampla restauração desadaptada na porção mesio - oclusal do referido dente, sendo que o elemento em questão não possui tratamento endodôntico. Após planejamento e assinatura do TCLE, os seguintes passos foram realizados: remoção da lesão cariosa do dente 17, seguido da realização do levantamento marginal mesial e a realização do selamento dentinário imediato. Moldagem com silicone de adição do dente em questão e do antagonista, assim como registro da mordida. Foi confeccionada uma restauração semidireta em resina composta sob o modelo de gesso obtido. A cimentação da restauração foi feita na consulta seguinte, cumprindo os requisitos fundamentais para restaurar forma, função e estética, resultando na melhoria da qualidade de vida do paciente(AU)


Immediate dentin sealing is an essential procedure in dentistry, involving the application of sealing agents at the interface between dentin and the restorative material immediately after caries removal and cavity preparation. This process aims to seal exposed dentinal tubules, providing protection to the dental pulp. The present case involved a 56-year-old male patient who complained of discomfort in tooth number 17. After clinical and radiographic evaluation, a wide, maladapted restoration in the mesio-occlusal portion of the tooth was identified, with no endodontic treatment in the affected element. Following planning and informed consent, the following steps were taken: removal of the carious lesion from tooth number 17, followed by the execution of mesial marginal elevation and immediate dentin sealing. Silicone addition molding of the affected tooth and antagonist, along with bite registration, was performed. A semi-direct restoration in composite resin was fabricated based on the obtained gypsum model. The restoration was cemented in the subsequent appointment, meeting the essential requirements to restore form, function, and aesthetics, resulting in an improvement in the patient's quality of life(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Cimentos Dentários
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 45(2): 43-47, maio-ago. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1553294

RESUMO

Sabe-se que para uma restauração ser considerada um sucesso clínico é preciso que haja uma concomitância saudável entre a estrutura dentária, o material restaurador e as estruturas biológicas periodontais. As restaurações transcirúrgicas caracterizam-se como procedimentos alternativos para possibilitar a restauração de dentes com cárie dentária extensa, restaurações subgengivais desadaptadas e fraturas. O presente estudo teve como objetivo realizar um relato de caso de um procedimento cirúrgico-restaurador, através de uma técnica de restauração transcirúrgica. Este estudo tem como justificativa relatar um caso clínico, colaborando com maiores informações sobre a escolha da técnica a ser empregada, mostrando em quais situações devemos escolher uma restauração transcirúrgica e quais seus benefícios. Também, salientar se devemos fazer a recuperação do espaço biológico do periodonto ou não(AU)


It is known that for a restoration to be considered a clinical success, there must be a healthy concomitance between the tooth structure, the restorative material and the periodontal biological structures. Transsurgical restorations are characterized as alternative procedures to enable the restoration of teeth with extensive dental caries, maladapted subgingival restorations and fractures. The present study aims to carry out a case report of a surgical-restorative procedure, using a transsurgical restoration technique. This study is justified by reporting a clinical case, providing more information on the choice of technique to be used, showing in which situations we should choose a transsurgical restoration and what its benefits are. Also, highlight whether we should recover the biological space of the periodontium or not(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais , Restauração Dentária Permanente
4.
Pharmacogenet. genomics ; 34(4): 91-104, jun.2024.
Artigo em Inglês | CONASS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1552919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study explored the association of deleterious variants in pharmacodynamics (PD) genes with statin response and adverse effects in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and analyzed their potential effects on protein structure and stability. METHODS: Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from 144 adult FH patients treated with statins. A panel of 32 PD genes was analyzed by exon-targeted gene sequencing. Deleterious variants were identified using prediction algorithms and their structural effects were analyzed by molecular modeling studies. RESULTS: A total of 102 variants were predicted as deleterious (83 missense, 8 stop-gain, 4 frameshift, 1 indel, 6 splicing). The variants ABCA1 rs769705621 (indel), LPA rs41267807 (p.Tyr2023Cys) and KIF6 rs20455 (p.Trp719Arg) were associated with reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) response to statins, and the LPL rs1801177 (p.Asp36Asn) with increased LDLc response (P < 0.05). LPA rs3124784 (p.Arg2016Cys) was predicted to increase statin response (P = 0.022), and ABCA1 rs769705621 to increase the risk of statin-related adverse events (SRAE) (P = 0.027). LPA p.Arg2016Cys and LPL p.Asn36Asp maintained interactions with solvent, LPA p.Tyr2023Cys reduced intramolecular interaction with Gln1987, and KIF6 p.Trp719Arg did not affect intramolecular interactions. DDMut analysis showed that LPA p.Arg2016Cys and p.Tyr2023Cys and LPL p.Asp36Asn caused energetically favorable changes, and KIF6 p.Trp719Arg resulted in unfavorable energetic changes, affecting protein stability. CONCLUSION: Deleterious variants in ABCA1, LPA, LPL and KIF6 are associated with variability in LDLc response to statins, and ABCA1 rs769705621 is associated with SRAE risk in FH patients. Molecular modeling studies suggest that LPA p.Tyr2023Cys and KIF6 p.Trp719Arg disturb protein conformational structure and stability.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Transportador 1 de Cassete de Ligação de ATP , Hiperlipoproteinemia Tipo II , Lipase Lipoproteica
5.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 53042, Jan.-Jun. 2024. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550250

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução: A violência contra idosos é um fenômeno crescente, ocasionando prejuízos à saúde, com diferentes desfechos e consequências às vítimas. A chance de idosas sofrerem-na no âmbito familiar supera a dos homens, sendo o gênero um fator de risco considerável. Objetivo: Analisar a compreensão da violência contra pessoas idosas segundo mulheres gerontes. Metodologia: Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa desenvolvida com 22 idosas de uma comunidade no estado da Paraíba, Brasil, escolhidas por conveniência. Utilizou-se para coleta de dados entrevistas semiestruturadas, processadas pelo software Iramuteq, com posterior Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: Foram evidenciadas cinco classes: ciclo de violência; rede de apoio ao idoso vítima de violência; Vivência de situações violentas; violência financeira; e simbologia da violência na sociedade, as quais denotam compreensão da violência envolvendo os diferentes tipos. Apoiam-se nos fatores da vivência familiar, cultura e outros, consubstanciando o profissional de saúde como fundamental para o desfecho. O gênero influenciou no que concerne ao olhar lançado sobre a violência física e psicológica, bem como na relevância dada às equipes de saúde para identificação de ocorrências e prevenção de possíveis danos. Conclusão: Os diversos tipos de violência contra a pessoa idosa foram reconhecidos, incluindo fatores individuais, comunitários e sociais no ciclo violento. Além disso, associaram o envelhecimento a maior suscetibilidade para sofrer violência, independente da tipologia. Destaca-se a potencialidade do serviço de saúde na assistência à pessoa idosa vítima de violência, elucidando casos e atuando precocemente para interrupção dos ciclos perpetrados, exigindo a necessidade constante de atualização profissional para lidar com situações detectadas.


Resumen Introducción: La violencia contra las personas adultas mayores es un fenómeno creciente, que causa daños a la salud, con diferentes desenlaces y consecuencias para las víctimas. La posibilidad de que las mujeres adultas mayores la sufran en el ámbito familiar supera la de los hombres, siendo el género un factor de riesgo considerable. Objetivo: Analizar la comprensión de la violencia contra las personas mayores según las mujeres adultas mayores. Metodología: Investigación descriptiva con enfoque cualitativo desarrollada con 22 mujeres adultas mayores de una comunidad en el estado de Paraíba, Brasil, elegidas por conveniencia. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, procesadas por el software Iramuteq, con posterior análisis de contenido. Resultados: Se evidenciaron cinco tipos de violencia: ciclo de la violencia, red de apoyo población adulta mayor víctima de violencia, experimentar situaciones violentas, violencia financiera y simbología de la violencia en la sociedad, que denotan la comprensión de la violencia de diferentes tipos. Estas ideas están respaldadas en los factores de la experiencia familiar, la cultura y otros, donde la persona profesional de la salud se identifica como fundamental para el cuidado y apoyo. El género influyó en la mirada lanzada sobre la violencia física y psicológica, así como en la relevancia dada a los equipos de salud para la identificación de sucesos y la prevención de posibles daños. Conclusión: Se han reconocido los diversos tipos de violencia contra las personas mayores, incluidos los factores individuales, comunitarios y sociales en el ciclo de violencia. Además, asociaron el envejecimiento con una mayor susceptibilidad a sufrir violencia, independientemente de la tipología. Destaca la potencialidad del servicio de salud en la asistencia a la persona mayor víctima de violencia, mediante la identificación de casos y la actuación temprana para la interrupción de los ciclos perpetrados. De manera que, se evidencia la necesidad constante de actualización profesional para hacer frente a situaciones detectadas.


Abstract Introduction: Violence against the elderly is a growing phenomenon, causing damage to health, with different outcomes and consequences to the victims. The possibility of elderly women suffering it in the family context surpasses that of men, with gender being a considerable risk factor. Objective: To analyze the understanding of violence against the elderly according to elderly women. Method: Descriptive research with a qualitative approach developed with 22 elderly women from a community in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, chosen for convenience. The data collection was based on semi-structured interviews, processed by the Iramuteq software, with subsequent Content Analysis. Results: Five classes of violence against the elderly were evidenced: cycle of violence; support network for the elderly victims of violence; experience of violent situations; financial violence; and symbolism of violence in society, which denote an understanding of violence involving the different types. They are based on the factors of family experience, culture, and others, placing the health professional as a fundamental element for care and support. Gender influenced the perspective on physical and psychological violence, as well as the relevance given to health teams for the identification of occurrences and the prevention of possible damage. Conclusion: The various types of violence against the elderly have been recognized, including individual, community, and social factors in the violent cycle. In addition, they associated aging with greater susceptibility to suffering violence, regardless of the typology. It highlights the potential of the health service in assisting the elderly victim of violence, elucidating cases, and acting early to interrupt the cycles perpetrated, requiring the constant need for professional updating to deal with detected situations.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atenção à Saúde , Abuso de Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil
6.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58744, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550248

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução: A profissão policial é considerada de alto risco e exige um vigor físico e mental do trabalhador diante do serviço realizado. De tal modo que uma boa qualidade do sono é importante, pois impacta diretamente em diversos aspectos na saúde desses trabalhadores. Ademais, a falta de uma boa qualidade do sono devido ao trabalho pode influenciar negativamente a qualidade de vida no trabalho. Objetivo: Analisar a influência da qualidade do sono na qualidade de vida no trabalho de policiais militares. Metodologia: Estudo quantitativo, correlacionalde corte transversal, realizado no primeiro semestre de 2019, com policiais de três municípios da Bahia, Brasil. Foram utilizados três instrumentos: sociodemográfico e características laborais; qualidade de vida de vida no trabalho; e qualidade do sono. Foi aplicado o teste do qui quadrado para as variáveis sociodemograficas e ocupacionais. Posteriormente, foi aplicado o teste de correlação de Spearman entre a qualidade do sono com as dimensões da qualidade de vida no trabalho. Resultados: Evidenciou-se entre os 298 policiais que a mediana da idade foi de 40 anos e tempo de serviço ≤ 7 anos, observou-se também que os policiais com pior qualidade do sono apresentaram qualidade de vida no trabalho insatisfatória em todas as dimensões (biológica/fisiológica; psicológica/comportamental; sociológica/relacional; econômica/política, ambiental/organizacional). Conclusão: Os policiais sofrem com a qualidade do sono e consequentemente influencia negativamente a qualidade de vida no trabalho. Assim, há uma necessidade de desenvolver ações no ambiente de trabalho que possam diminuir os afastamentos decorrentes dos problemas de saúde ocasionados pela qualidade do sono.


Resumen Introdución: La formación policial se considera de alto riesgo y requiere vigor físico y mental por parte de la persona trabajadora antes de realizar el servicio. Para esto, la buena calidad de sueño es importante, ya que impacta directamente en la salud de la población trabajadora en varios aspectos. Además, la falta de una buena calidad de sueño debido al trabajo puede influir negativamente en la calidad de vida fuera del trabajo. Objetivo: Analizar la influencia de la calidad del sueño en la calidad de vida en el trabajo de policías militares. Metodología: Estudio cuantitativo, correlacional transversal, realizado en el primer semestre de 2019, con policías de tres municipios de Bahía, Brasil. Se utilizaron tres instrumentos: características sociodemográficas y laborales, calidad de vida en el trabajo y calidad de sueño. Se aplicó la prueba chi cuadrado para las variables sociodemográficas y ocupacionales. Posteriormente, se aplicó la prueba de correlación de Spearman entre la calidad del sueño y las dimensiones de calidad de vida en el trabajo. Resultados: La muestra fue de 298 policías, la mediana de edad fue de 40 años y la antigüedad en el servicio fue ≤ 7 años. También, se observó quienes tuvieron peor calidad de sueño, también tuvieron una calidad de vida en el trabajo insatisfactoria en todos sus dimensiones (biológica/fisiológica; psicológica/conductual; sociológica/relacional; económica/política, ambiental/organizacional). Conclusión: Quienes son agentes de policía sufren de mala calidad de sueño y, en consecuencia, se influye negativamente su calidad de vida en el trabajo. Por lo tanto, existe la necesidad de desarrollar acciones en el lugar de trabajo que pueda reducir los riesgos de problemas de salud causados por la calidad del sueño.


Abstract Background: Police training is considered high risk and demands physical and mental vigor from the worker before preforming the service. Therefore, sleep quality is important as it directly impacts the health of these workers in several aspects. Furthermore, the lack of sleep quality due to work can negatively influence the quality of life outside of work. Aim: To analyze the influence of sleep quality on the quality of life and work of military police officers. Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional correlational study, conducted in the first half of 2019 with police officers from three municipalities in Bahia, Brazil. Three instruments were used: sociodemographic and work characteristics; quality of life at work; and sleep quality. The chi-square test was applied for sociodemographic and occupational variations. Subsequently, the Spearman correlation test was applied between sleep quality and the quality of life and work dimensions. Results: Among the 298 police officers the median age was 40 years and the length of service was ≤ 7 years. It was also observed that police officers with poorer sleep quality had an unsatisfactory quality of life at work in all its dimensions (biological/physiological; psychological/behavioral; sociological/relational; economic/political, environmental/organizational). Conclusion: Police officers suffer from poor sleep quality and this negatively influence their quality of life and work. Therefore, there is a need to develop actions in the workplace that may reduce the risks of health problems caused by poor sleep quality.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polícia , Saúde Militar , Qualidade do Sono , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Saúde Ocupacional
7.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58688, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550244

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: El control y la evaluación de los niveles glucémicos de pacientes en estado críticos es un desafío y una competencia del equipo de enfermería. Por lo que, determinar las consecuencias de esta durante la hospitalización es clave para evidenciar la importancia del oportuno manejo. Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre la glucemia inestable (hiperglucemia e hipoglucemia), el resultado de la hospitalización y la duración de la estancia de los pacientes en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Metodología: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo realizado con 62 pacientes a conveniencia en estado crítico entre marzo y julio de 2017. Se recogieron muestras diarias de sangre para medir la glucemia. Se evaluó la asociación de la glucemia inestable con la duración de la estancia y el resultado de la hospitalización mediante ji al cuadrado de Pearson. El valor de p<0.05 fue considerado significativo. Resultados: De las 62 personas participantes, 50 % eran hombres y 50 % mujeres. La edad media fue de 63.3 años (±21.4 años). La incidencia de glucemia inestable fue del 45.2 % y se asoció con una mayor duración de la estancia en la UCI (p<0.001) y una progresión a la muerte como resultado de la hospitalización (p=0.03). Conclusión: Entre quienes participaron, la glucemia inestable se asoció con una mayor duración de la estancia más prolongada y con progresión hacia la muerte, lo que refuerza la importancia de la actuación de enfermería para prevenir su aparición.


Resumo Introdução: O controle e avaliação dos níveis glicêmicos em pacientes críticos é um desafio e uma competência da equipe de enfermagem. Portanto, determinar as consequências da glicemia instável durante a hospitalização é chave para evidenciar a importância da gestão oportuna. Objetivo: Determinar a associação entre glicemia instável (hiperglicemia e hipoglicemia), os desfechos hospitalares e o tempo de permanência dos pacientes em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Um estudo de coorte prospectivo realizado com 62 pacientes a conveniência em estado crítico entre março e julho de 2017. Foram coletadas amostras diariamente de sangue para medir a glicemia. A associação entre a glicemia instável com o tempo de permanência e o desfecho da hospitalização foi avaliada pelo teste qui-quadrado de Pearson. O valor de p <0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: Das 62 pessoas participantes, 50% eram homens e 50% mulheres. A idade média foi de 63,3 anos (±21,4 anos). A incidência de glicemia instável foi de 45,2% e se associou a um tempo de permanência mais prolongado na UTI (p <0,001) e uma progressão para óbito como desfecho da hospitalização (p = 0,03). Conclusão: Entre os participantes, a glicemia instável se associou a um tempo mais longo de permanência e com progressão para óbito, enfatizando a importância da actuação da equipe de enfermagem para prevenir sua ocorrência.


Abstract Introduction: The control and evaluation of glycemic levels in critically ill patients is a challenge and a responsibility of the nursing team; therefore, determining the consequences of this during hospitalization is key to demonstrate the importance of timely management. Objective: To determine the relationship between unstable glycemia (hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia), hospital length of stay, and the hospitalization outcome of patients in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Methods: A prospective cohort study conducted with 62 critically ill patients by convenience sampling between March and July 2017. Daily blood samples were collected to measure glycemia. The correlation of unstable glycemia with the hospital length of stay and the hospitalization outcome was assessed using Pearson's chi-square. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: Among the 62 patients, 50% were male and 50% were female. The mean age was 63.3 years (±21.4 years). The incidence of unstable glycemia was 45.2% and was associated with a longer ICU stay (p<0.001) and a progression to death as a hospitalization outcome (p=0.03). Conclusion: Among critically ill patients, unstable glycemia was associated with an extended hospital length of stay and a progression to death, emphasizing the importance of nursing intervention to prevent its occurrence.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Mellitus/enfermagem , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Hiperglicemia/enfermagem
8.
Eur. j. psychiatry ; 38(2): [100235], Apr.-Jun. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231861

RESUMO

Background and Objectives The Economic Activity Restriction (EAR) due to health conditions is being utilized as a foundational measure for the European indicator Healthy Life Years (HLY). The EAR group is experiencing limitations not only in economic activities but also in overall activities, and it is a population with a high likelihood of transitioning to mental illness due to health condition. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between EAR and mental illness. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify the association between EAR due to health conditions and mental illness for those aged 45 and older in South Korea. Methods We obtained data from the 2006–2020 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. EAR was assessed using self-reported questionnaires based on the Global Activity Limitation Indicator. mental illness was assessed based on the diagnosis data for participants who had been diagnosed. After excluding missing values, the data of 9,574 participants were analyzed using the chi-square test, log-rank tests, and time-dependent Cox proportional hazard model to evaluate the association between EAR and mental illness. Results Out of the 9,574 participants gathered at baseline, the mental illness rate was 4.8 %. The hazard ratio (HR) of mental illness in those in the “very probable” of EAR was 2.351 times higher (p-value <0.0001) compared with “not at all” of EAR. In model 1 which includes under 64 years, HR of mental illness in “very probable” of EAR was 3.679 times higher (p-value: 0.000) and in “probable” of EAR was 2.535 time higher (p-value: 0.001) compared with “not at all” of EAR. Conclusion If we provide opportunities to participate in community activities or provide the mental health promotion programs for middle-aged population who are experiencing EAR due to health condition... (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes/psicologia , Licença Médica , /psicologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Eur. j. psychiatry ; 38(2): [100234], Apr.-Jun. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231862

RESUMO

Background and objectives Almost half of the individuals with a first-episode of psychosis who initially meet criteria for acute and transient psychotic disorder (ATPD) will have had a diagnostic revision during their follow-up, mostly toward schizophrenia. This study aimed to determine the proportion of diagnostic transitions to schizophrenia and other long-lasting non-affective psychoses in patients with first-episode ATPD, and to examine the validity of the existing predictors for diagnostic shift in this population. Methods We designed a prospective two-year follow-up study for subjects with first-episode ATPD. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent variables associated with diagnostic transition to persistent non-affective psychoses. This prediction model was built by selecting variables on the basis of clinical knowledge. Results Sixty-eight patients with a first-episode ATPD completed the study and a diagnostic revision was necessary in 30 subjects at the end of follow-up, of whom 46.7% transited to long-lasting non-affective psychotic disorders. Poor premorbid adjustment and the presence of schizophreniform symptoms at onset of psychosis were the only variables independently significantly associated with diagnostic transition to persistent non-affective psychoses. Conclusion Our findings would enable early identification of those inidividuals with ATPD at most risk for developing long-lasting non-affective psychotic disorders, and who therefore should be targeted for intensive preventive interventions. (AU)


Assuntos
Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Previsões , Esquizofrenia/prevenção & controle , Transtornos Psicóticos/prevenção & controle , Espanha , Análise Multivariada , Modelos Logísticos
10.
Eur. j. psychiatry ; 38(2): [100229], Apr.-Jun. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231864

RESUMO

Background and objectives Alterations in the molecular mechanisms of specific amino acids (AAs) may be implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SZ). However, little is known about antipsychotic drugs influence on levels of AAs. This study aimed to further explore antipsychotics' effects on AAs and serum lipid levels in first-episode SZ. Methods Eighty subjects with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10) criteria-defined SZ were enrolled. The levels of 31 AAs were measured in plasma samples using ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Results Ten AAs (i.e., citrulline, sarcosine, tyrosine, leucine, proline, hydroxyproline, kynurenine, tryptophan, valine and isoleucine) were observed to be higher and three AAs (i.e., GABA, aminobutyric acid and asparaginic acid) were lower in 80 patients with first-episode SZ after various antipsychotics treatment. In addition, there were 1 out of 31 AAs altered after olanzapine treatment and there were only 2 out of 31 AAs altered after risperidone treatment. Furthermore, serum triglyceride (TG) was markedly upregulated after olanzapine treatment, while Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) was generally upregulated after risperidone treatment in patients with first-episode SZ. Conclusions Taken together, antipsychotic treatment can affect the plasma levels of AAs in patients with first-episode SZ, and olanzapine and risperidone have differential effects on the levels of AAs. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Aminoácidos , Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 95-103, abr.-jun2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232395

RESUMO

Introduction: Evidence about nefroprotective effect with RAAS blockers in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) without proteinuria is lacking. The primary outcome of our study is to evaluate the impact of RAAS blockers in CKD progression in elderly patients without proteinuria. Materials and methods: Multicenter open-label, randomized controlled clinical trial including patients over 65 year-old with hypertension and CKD stages 3–4 without proteinuria. Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either receive RAAS blockers or other antihypertensive drugs and were followed up for three years. Primary outcome is estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline at 3 years. Secondary outcome measures include BP control, renal and cardiovascular events and mortality. Results: 88 patients were included with a mean age of 77.9±6.1 years and a follow up period of 3 years: 40 were randomized to RAAS group and 48 to standard treatment. Ethiology of CKD was: 53 vascular, 16 interstitial and 19 of unknown ethiology. In the RAAS group eGFR slope during follow up was −4.3±1.1ml/min, whereas in the standard treatment group an increase on eGFR was observed after 3 years (+4.6±0.4ml/min), p=0.024. We found no differences in blood pressure control, number of antihypertensive drugs, albuminuria, potassium serum levels, incidence of cardiovascular events nor mortality during the follow up period. Conclusions: In elderly patients without diabetes nor cardiopathy and with non proteinuric CKD the use of RAAS blockers does not show a reduction in CKD progression. The PROERCAN (PROgresión de Enfermedad Renal Crónica en ANcianos) trial (trial registration: NCT03195023). (AU)


Introducción: Actualmente no existe suficiente evidencia sobre el efecto nefroprotector de los bloqueantes del sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona (BSRAA) en pacientes añosos con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) sin proteinuria y sin cardiopatía. El objetivo es evaluar el efecto de los BSRAA en la progresión de la ERC en este grupo poblacional. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio prospectivo, aleatorizado, que compara la eficacia de los BSRAA vs. otros tratamientos antihipertensivos en la progresión renal en personas mayores de 65 años con ERC estadios 3 y 4 e índice albúmina/creatinina<30mg/g. Aleatorización 1:1 BSRAA o tratamiento antihipertensivo estándar. Se recogieron cifras tensionales y parámetros analíticos de un año previo a la aleatorización y durante el seguimiento. Resultados: Se incluyeron 88 pacientes seguidos durante tres años con edad media de 77,9±6,1 años. De estos, se aleatorizaron 40 al grupo BSRAA y 48 al estándar. La etiología de ERC fue: 53 vascular, 16 intersticial y 19 no filiada. En el primer grupo se observó una progresión de la ERC con una caída del filtrado glomerular estimado (FGe) de -4,3±1,1mL/min, mientras que en el grupo estándar un aumento del FGe durante el seguimiento de 4,6±0,4mL/min, p=0,024. No se apreciaron diferencias entre ambos en el control tensional, el número de antihipertensivos, la albuminuria, los niveles de potasio, la incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares ni la mortalidad durante el seguimiento. Conclusiones: En pacientes añosos no diabéticos con ERC no proteinúrica y sin cardiopatía el uso de BSRAA no añade beneficio en la progresión de la ERC. Ensayo clínico Progresión de Enfermedad Renal Crónica en Ancianos (PROERCAN) (NCT03195023). (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Albuminúria , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Hipertensão , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Proteinúria , Cardiopatias , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 132-134, abr.-jun2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232398

RESUMO

La hipertrigliceridemia engloba un conjunto de trastornos lipídicos comunes en la práctica clínica, generalmente definidos como una concentración superior a 150mg/dL en ayunas. Existen diversas clasificaciones de la gravedad de la hipertrigliceridemia en función de sus valores séricos, considerándose por norma general moderada cuando los niveles son inferiores a 500mg/dL y severa cuando son mayores de 1.000mg/dL. Su importancia radica en su asociación con otras alteraciones del perfil lipídico, contribuyendo al aumento del riesgo cardiovascular y de pancreatitis aguda, fundamentalmente con concentraciones superiores a 500mg/dL.(AU)


Hypertriglyceridemia encompasses a set of lipid disorders common in clinical practice, generally defined as a fasting concentration above 150mg/dL. There are various classifications of the severity of hypertriglyceridaemia based on serum values, with levels generally considered moderate when below 500mg/dL and severe when above 1000mg/dL. Its importance lies in its association with other alterations in the lipid profile, contributing to increased cardiovascular risk and increased risk of acute pancreatitis, mainly with concentrations above 500mg/dL.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipertrigliceridemia/genética , Genética , Hiperlipidemias , Prevalência , Pacientes Internados , Exame Físico
13.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 41(2): 135-138, abr.-jun2024. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232399

RESUMO

Presentamos el caso de un paciente con antecedentes de hipertensión arterial vasculorrenal tratada un año antes, que acude a urgencias por emergencia hipertensiva (HTA) y disnea. Descartada primera sospecha de reestenosis de arteria renal con angiografía por tomografía computarizada (angioTC), se completa el estudio confirmándose diagnóstico de cáncer de pulmón mediante prueba de imagen y anatomía patológica. En el estudio de hipertensión se detecta elevación de hormona adrenocorticótropa (ACTH), hipercortisolismo y datos analíticos de hiperaldosteronismo. Con el diagnóstico final de síndrome de Cushing secundario a producción ectópica de ACTH se inicia tratamiento médico, sin llegar a recibir nada más por fallecimiento del paciente a los pocos días.(AU)


We present the case of a patient with a history of renal-vascular hypertension treated with stent one year previously, who attended the emergency room due to hypertensive emergency and dyspnea. Once the first suspicion of renal artery restenosis was ruled out with CT angiography, the study was completed, confirming the diagnosis of lung cancer through imaging and pathological anatomy. In the hormonal study, elevation of ACTH, hypercortisolism and analytical data of hyperaldosteronism were detected. With the final diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome secondary to ectopic production of ACTH, medical treatment was started, without being able to receive anything else due to the death of the patient after a few days.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome de Cushing , Hipertensão , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Hiperaldosteronismo , Alcalose , Pacientes Internados , Exame Físico , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Nefrologia
14.
Rev. esp. patol ; 57(2): 116-119, Abr-Jun, 2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-232415

RESUMO

A 62-year-old male presented with pain and haematuria starting 3 months before. The computed tomography showed focal and mural bladder thickening with ureteropelvic dilatation. The following transurethral bladder resection revealed a high-grade muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma. In the subsequent cystoprostatectomy we found the same tumour, but adding focal tumour-associated stromal osseous metaplasia. Ossifying metaplasia is an extremely rare feature in urothelial carcinoma, with a few reported cases and represents a diagnostic challenge, mimicking radiotherapy-induced sarcoma or sarcomatoid carcinoma. (AU)


Varón de 62 años que consulta por dolor y hematuria desde hace 3 meses. En la tomografía computarizada se observó un engrosamiento focal y mural de la vejiga con dilatación ureteropélvica. La resección vesical transuretral reveló un carcinoma urotelial infiltrante de alto grado músculo-invasivo. En la cistoprostatectomía posterior encontramos el mismo tumor, pero añadiendo focos de metaplasia ósea estromal asociada al tumor. La metaplasia osificante es una característica extremadamente rara en el carcinoma urotelial, con algunos casos informados, y representa un desafío diagnóstico, ya que simula un sarcoma inducido por radioterapia o un carcinoma sarcomatoide. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoma Osteoide , Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Bexiga Urinária , Metaplasia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Addict Behav ; 155: 108045, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692071

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Concurrent users of tobacco and alcohol are at greater risk of harm than use of either substance alone. It remains unclear how concurrent tobacco and alcohol use affects smoking cessation across levels of alcohol use and related problems. This study assessed the relationship between smoking cessation and levels of alcohol use problems. METHODS: 59,018 participants received nicotine replacement therapy through a smoking cessation program. Alcohol use and related symptoms were assessed using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-10) and the AUDIT-Concise (AUDIT-C). The primary outcome was 7-day point prevalence cigarette abstinence (PPA) at 6-month follow-up. We evaluated the association between alcohol use (and related problems) and smoking cessation using descriptive methods and mixed-effects logistic regression. RESULTS: 7-day PPA at 6-months was lower in groups meeting hazardous alcohol consumption criteria, with the lowest probability of smoking abstinence observed in the highest risk group. The probability of successful tobacco cessation fell with increasing levels of alcohol use and related problems. Adjusted predicted probabilities were 30.3 (95 % CI = 29.4, 31.1) for non-users, 30.2 (95 % CI = 29.4, 31.0) for low-risk users, 29.0 (95 % CI = 28.1, 29.9) for those scoring below 8 on the AUDIT-10, 27.3 (95 % CI = 26.0, 28.6) for those scoring 8-14, and 24.4 (95 % CI = 22.3, 26.5) for those scoring 15 or higher. CONCLUSION: Heavy, hazardous alcohol use is associated with lower odds of successfully quitting smoking compared to low or non-use of alcohol. Targeting alcohol treatment to this group may improve tobacco cessation outcomes.


Assuntos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Dispositivos para o Abandono do Uso de Tabaco , Humanos , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Tabagismo/terapia , Terapia de Substituição da Nicotina
16.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1345244, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694976

RESUMO

Background: The global population is experiencing a rapid rise in the quantity and percentage of older people. In an effort to enhance physical activity among older adults, active video games (AVGs) are being suggested as a compelling alternative and are currently under scrutiny to evaluate their efficacy in promoting the health of older people. Objective: This review aims to synthesize current studies and formulate conclusions regarding the impact of AVGs on the health-related physical fitness of older adults. Methods: Seven databases (PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS, SPORTDiscus, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and CINAHL) were searched from inception to January 21, 2024. Eligible studies included randomized controlled trials examining the effect of AVGs compared to control conditions on health-related physical fitness outcomes in older adults. The methodological quality of the included trials was assessed using the PEDro scale, and the certainty of evidence was evaluated using the GRADE approach. A random-effects model was used to calculate effect sizes (ES; Hedge's g) between experimental and control groups. Results: The analysis included 24 trials with a total of 1428 older adults (all ≥ 60 years old). Compared to controls, AVGs produced significant increases in muscular strength (moderate ES = 0.64-0.68, p < 0.05) and cardiorespiratory fitness (moderate ES = 0.79, p < 0.001). However, no significant effects were found for body composition (trivial ES = 0.12-0.14; p > 0.05) and flexibility (trivial ES = 0.08; p = 0.677). The beneficial effects of AVGs were greater after a duration of ≥ 12 vs. < 12 weeks (cardiorespiratory fitness; ES = 1.04 vs. 0.29, p = 0.028) and following ≥ 60 minutes vs. < 60 minutes of session duration (muscular strength; ES = 1.20-1.24 vs. 0.27-0.42, p < 0.05). Conclusion: AVGs appear to be an effective tool for enhancing muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness in older adults, although their impact on improving body composition and flexibility seems limited. Optimal improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with a longer duration of AVGs (≥ 12 weeks). Moreover, a session duration of ≥ 60 minutes may provide greater benefits for the muscular strength of older adults. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=482568, identifier CRD42023482568.


Assuntos
Aptidão Física , Jogos de Vídeo , Humanos , Aptidão Física/fisiologia , Idoso , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exercício Físico , Masculino , Feminino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 58(1): 2347297, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695238

RESUMO

Objectives. Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia in patients with ischemic heart disease. This study aimed to determine the cumulative incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting surgery during 30 days of follow-up. Design. This was a prospective multi-center cohort study on atrial fibrillation incidence following percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting for stable angina or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. Heart rhythm was monitored for 30 days postoperatively by in-hospital telemetry and handheld thumb ECG recordings after discharge were performed. The primary endpoint was the cumulative incidence of atrial fibrillation 30 days after the index procedure. Results. In-hospital atrial fibrillation occurred in 60/123 (49%) coronary artery bypass graft and 0/123 percutaneous coronary intervention patients (p < .001). The cumulative incidence of atrial fibrillation after 30 days was 56% (69/123) of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting and 2% (3/123) of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (p < .001). CABG was a strong predictor for atrial fibrillation compared to PCI (OR 80.2, 95% CI 18.1-354.9, p < .001). Thromboembolic stroke occurred in-hospital in one coronary artery bypass graft patient unrelated to atrial fibrillation, and at 30 days in two additional patients, one in each group. There was no mortality. Conclusion. New-onset atrial fibrillation during 30 days of follow-up was rare after percutaneous coronary intervention but common after coronary artery bypass grafting. A prolonged uninterrupted heart rhythm monitoring strategy identified additional patients in both groups with new-onset atrial fibrillation after discharge.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Incidência , Feminino , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Frequência Cardíaca , Angina Estável/diagnóstico , Angina Estável/fisiopatologia , Angina Estável/epidemiologia , Angina Estável/cirurgia , Angina Estável/terapia , Medição de Risco , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Telemetria
20.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 121(4): e20230565, 2024.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695472

RESUMO

Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) and pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis are rare types of histopathological substrates within the spectrum of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) with a very poor prognosis. They are characterized by a widespread fibroproliferative process of the small caliber veins and/or capillaries with sparing of the larger veins, resulting in a pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension phenotype. Clinical presentation is unspecific and similar to other PAH etiologies. Definitive diagnosis is obtained through histological analysis, although lung biopsy is not advised due to a higher risk of complications. However, some additional findings may allow a presumptive clinical diagnosis of PVOD, particularly a history of smoking, chemotherapy drug use, exposure to organic solvents (particularly trichloroethylene), low diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), exercise induced desaturation, and evidence of venous congestion without left heart disease on imaging, manifested by a classical triad of ground glass opacities, septal lines, and lymphadenopathies. Lung transplant is the only effective treatment, and patients should be referred at the time of diagnosis due to the rapid progression of the disease and associated poor prognosis. We present a case of a 58-year-old man with PAH with features of venous/capillary involvement in which clinical suspicion, prompt diagnosis, and early referral for lung transplantation were determinant factors for the successful outcome.


A doença veno-oclusiva pulmonar (DVOP) e a hemangiomatose capilar pulmonar são tipos raros de substratos histopatológicos dentro do espectro da hipertensão arterial pulmonar (HAP) com prognóstico muito ruim. Caracterizam-se por um processo fibroproliferativo generalizado das veias e/ou capilares de pequeno calibre com preservação das veias maiores, resultando em um fenótipo de hipertensão pulmonar pré-capilar. A apresentação clínica é inespecífica e semelhante a outras etiologias de HAP. O diagnóstico definitivo é obtido por meio de análise histológica, embora a biópsia pulmonar não seja aconselhada devido ao maior risco de complicações. No entanto, alguns achados adicionais podem permitir um diagnóstico clínico presuntivo de DVOP, especialmente história de tabagismo, uso de drogas quimioterápicas, exposição a solventes orgânicos (particularmente tricloroetileno), baixa capacidade de difusão do monóxido de carbono (DLCO), dessaturação ao esforço e evidências de doença venosa sem doença cardíaca esquerda no exame de imagem, manifestada por uma tríade clássica de opacidades em vidro fosco, linhas septais, e linfadenopatias. O transplante pulmonar é o único tratamento eficaz e os pacientes devem ser encaminhados no momento do diagnóstico, devido à rápida progressão da doença e ao prognóstico ruim. Apresentamos o caso de um homem de 58 anos com HAP com características de envolvimento venoso/capilar em que a suspeita clínica, o pronto diagnóstico e o encaminhamento precoce para transplante pulmonar foram determinantes para um bom desfecho.


Assuntos
Pneumopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumopatia Veno-Oclusiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia
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