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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

RESUMO

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Plantas Medicinais , Paquistão , Inquéritos e Questionários , Folhas de Planta , Etnobotânica , Fitoterapia , Medicina Tradicional
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249104, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339389

RESUMO

Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate the strength of association of raised plasma homocysteine concentration as a risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factor. It was a case control study conducted at Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. A total of 210 subjects aged 25 to 60 years comprising of 105 newly admitted patients of CHD as cases and 105 age and sex matched healthy individuals with no history of CHD as control were recruited for the study. Fasting blood samples were obtained from cases and controls. Plasma homocysteine was analyzed by fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) method on automated immunoassay analyzer (Abbott IMX). Total cholesterol, triglyceride and HDL cholesterol were analyzed using calorimetric kit methods. The concentration of LDL cholesterol was calculated using Friedewald formula. The patients were also assessed for traditional risk factors such as age, sex, family history of CVD, hypertension, smoking and physical activity, and were compared with control subjects. The collected data was entered in SPSS version 24 for analysis and interpretation.The mean age in controls and experimental groups were 43.00± 8.42 years and 44.72± 8.59 years with statistically same distribution (p- value= 0.144). The mean plasma homocysteine for cases was 22.33± 9.22 µmol/L where as it was 12.59±3.73 µmol/L in control group. Highly significant difference was seen between the mean plasma level of homocysteine in cases and controls (p˂0.001).Simple logistic regression indicates a strong association of coronary heart disease with hyperhomocysteinemia (OR 7.45), which remained significantly associated with coronary heart disease by multivariate logistic regression (OR 7.10, 95%C1 3.12-12.83, p=0.000). The present study concludes that elevated levels of Plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease independent of conventional risk factors and can be used as an indicator for predicting the future possibility for the onset of CVD.


Resumo O presente estudo foi desenhado para avaliar a força da associação da concentração elevada de homocisteína no plasma como um fator de risco para doença cardíaca coronária independente do fator de risco convencional. Foi um estudo de caso-controle realizado no Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore. Um total de 210 indivíduos com idade entre 25 e 60 anos, compreendendo 105 pacientes recém-admitidos de CHD como casos e 105 indivíduos saudáveis ​​pareados por idade e sexo sem histórico de CHD como controle, foi recrutado para o estudo. Amostras de sangue em jejum foram obtidas de casos e controles. A homocisteína plasmática foi analisada pelo método de imunoensaio de polarização de fluorescência (FPIA) em analisador de imunoensaio automatizado (Abbott IMX). Colesterol total, triglicerídeos e colesterol HDL foram analisados ​​usando métodos de kit calorimétrico. A concentração de colesterol LDL foi calculada pela fórmula de Friedewald. Os pacientes também foram avaliados para fatores de risco tradicionais, como idade, sexo, história familiar de DCV, hipertensão, tabagismo e atividade física, e foram comparados com indivíduos de controle. Os dados coletados foram inseridos no SPSS versão 24 para análise e interpretação. A média de idade nos grupos controles e experimentais foi de 43,00 ± 8,42 anos e 44,72 ± 8,59 anos com distribuição estatisticamente igual (p-valor = 0,144). A homocisteína plasmática média para os casos foi de 22,33 ± 9,22 µmol / L, enquanto no grupo controle foi de 12,59 ± 3,73 µmol / L. Diferença altamente significativa foi observada entre o nível plasmático médio de homocisteína em casos e controles (p ˂ 0,001). A regressão logística simples indica uma forte associação de doença cardíaca coronária com hiper-homocisteinemia (OR 7,45), que permaneceu significativamente associada com doença cardíaca coronária por multivariada regressão logística (OR 7,10, 95% C1 3,12-12,83, p = 0,000). O presente estudo conclui que níveis elevados de homocisteína plasmática são fator de risco independente para doença cardíaca coronária, independentemente dos fatores de risco convencionais, e pode ser usado como um indicador para prever a possibilidade futura de aparecimento de DCV.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença das Coronárias/embriologia , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/diagnóstico , Hiper-Homocisteinemia/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores de Risco , Jejum
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246385, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339384

RESUMO

Abstract Coronary heart disease (CHD) has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although remain controversial, several studies have demonstrated the association of M. pneumoniae infections with atherosclerosis. We evaluated the possible association of mycoplasma infections in patients diagnosed with atherosclerosis by ELISA and PCR methods. Atherosclerotic tissue samples and blood samples were collected for the detection of mycoplasma antibodies (IgA) by ELISA from the 97 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). M. pneumoniae specific IgA, IgG and IgM were measured by using the Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA/IgG/IgM ELISA. Detection of M. pneumoniae targeting the P1 adhesion gene was performed by PCR Acute infection of M. pneumoniae was diagnosed in 43.3% (42) of patients by PCR. The M. pneumoniae specific antibodies were detected in 36.1% (35) of patients. Twenty-five (25.8%) cases had IgG antibodies, 15 (15.5%) cases had IgM antibodies, 3 (3.1%) cases had IgA antibodies, 10 (10.3%) cases had both IgM + IgG antibodies and 1 (1%) case of each had IgM + IgA and IgG + IgA antibodies. None of the cases was positive for all three antibodies. A Pearson correlation coefficient analysis revealed an excellent correlation between the PCR and the serological results (r=0.921, p<0.001). A majority (17, 40.5%) of the M. pneumoniae positive patients are within the 41-50 years of age group, followed by 10 (23.8%) patients in the age group of 61-70 years and 2 (4.8%) patients were >70 years of age. Our study reported an unusually higher prevalence of M. pneumoniae by serological tests (36.1%) and PCR (43.3%). Although the hypothesis of the association of M. pneumoniae and CAD is yet to be proven, the unusually high prevalence of M. pneumoniae in CAD patients indicates an association, if not, in the development of atherosclerosis.


Resumo A doença coronariana (DCC) tem sido associada a significativa morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. Embora ainda sejam controversos, vários estudos têm demonstrado a associação de infecções por M. pneumoniae com aterosclerose. Avaliamos a possível associação de infecções por micoplasma em pacientes com diagnóstico de aterosclerose pelos métodos ELISA e PCR. Amostras de tecido aterosclerótico e amostras de sangue foram coletadas para a detecção de anticorpos contra micoplasma (IgA) por ELISA de 97 pacientes com doença arterial coronariana (DAC). IgA, IgG e IgM específicos para M. pneumoniae foram medidos usando o Anti-M. pneumoniae IgA / IgG / IgM ELISA. A detecção de M. pneumoniae visando o gene de adesão P1 foi realizada por PCR. A infecção aguda por M. pneumoniae foi diagnosticada em 43,3% (42) dos pacientes pela PCR. Os anticorpos específicos para M. pneumoniae foram detectados em 36,1% (35) dos pacientes. Vinte e cinco (25,8%) casos tinham anticorpos IgG, 15 (15,5%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM, 3 (3,1%) casos tinham anticorpos IgA, 10 (10,3%) casos tinham anticorpos IgM + IgG e 1 (1%) caso de cada um tinha anticorpos IgM + IgA e IgG + IgA. Nenhum dos casos foi positivo para os três anticorpos. A análise do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson revelou uma excelente correlação entre o PCR e os resultados sorológicos (r = 0,921, p < 0,001). A maioria (17, 40,5%) dos pacientes positivos para M. pneumoniae está na faixa etária de 41-50 anos, seguida por 10 (23,8%) pacientes na faixa etária de 61-70 anos e 2 (4,8%) pacientes tinham > 70 anos de idade. Nosso estudo relatou uma prevalência incomumente maior de M. pneumoniae por testes sorológicos (36,1%) e PCR (43,3%). Embora a hipótese da associação de M. pneumoniae e DAC ainda não tenha sido comprovada, a prevalência incomumente alta de M. pneumoniae em pacientes com DAC indica uma associação, se não, no desenvolvimento de aterosclerose.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Imunoglobulina M , Prevalência , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Mycoplasma pneumoniae
4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 424, 2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35361211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The "4 + 7" volume-based procurement is a "large group purchase" led by the Chinese government, with the aim of reducing the price of medicines by trading volume for price. Although the "4 + 7" drugs had passed the national consistency evaluation, the adverse drug reactions need to be further evaluated to ensure the safety of the "4 + 7" drugs with low prices. We aimed to analyze the occurrence characteristics and related influencing factors of adverse reactions of psychiatric drugs under the chinese drug volume-based procurement policy(4 + 7 policy), and provide references for clinical medication. METHODS: 137 cases of adverse drug reactions of four psychotropic drugs reported under the "4 + 7" policy in Wuxi Mental Health Center in 2020 were collected. The gender and age of patients, related "4 + 7" drugs, involving organs / systems, clinical manifestations, distribution of new / serious adverse reactions, clinic outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 137 cases of adverse drug reactions, the incidence of adverse drug reactions was the highest in patients aged 61-70 (25.38%). Mainly involved 4 "4 + 7" psychiatric drugs, of which olanzapine tablets caused the most adverse reactions (54, 39.24%). The adverse reactions mainly involved the digestive system, nervous system, cardiovascular system, blood and lymphatic system, among which the digestive system was the most common (61, 44.53%). A total of 8 cases (6.16%) of new and 26 cases of serious adverse reactions were reported, all of which led to the prolongation of disease course. Except for the transient side effects, most of that were improved or cured with no death, disability or teratogenicity after stopping or reducing the dose with symptomatic treatment. CONCLUSION: Since more and more drugs will be included in "4 + 7" for clinic, clinical pharmacists should strengthen the publicity and training of the knowledge of "4 + 7" drugs, strengthen the monitoring of adverse drug reactions, and provide timely feedback to the clinic, in order to achieve early prevention, early identification, timely diagnosis and reasonable intervention of the adverse drug reactions under the context of "4 + 7" policy.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicotrópicos/efeitos adversos , Política Pública
5.
Health Aff (Millwood) ; 41(2): 219-227, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130073

RESUMO

Theoretical research suggests that racialized felony disenfranchisement-a form of structural racism-is likely to undermine the health of Black people, yet empirical studies on the topic are scant. We used administrative data on disproportionate felony disenfranchisement of Black residents across US states, linked to geocoded individual-level health data from the 2016 Health and Retirement Study, to estimate race-specific regression models describing the relationship between racialized disenfranchisement and health among middle-aged and older adults, adjusting for other individual- and state-level factors. Results show that living in states with higher levels of racialized disenfranchisement is associated with more depressive symptoms, more functional limitations, more difficulty performing instrumental activities of daily living, and more difficulty performing activities of daily living among Black people. However, there are no statistically significant relationships between racialized disenfranchisement and health among White people. These findings suggest that policies aiming to mitigate disproportionate Black felony disenfranchisement not only are essential for political inclusion but also may be valuable tools for improving population health equity.


Assuntos
Equidade em Saúde , Saúde da População , Racismo , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos
6.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 104(4): e122-e124, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34939843

RESUMO

A 49-year-old patient with a history of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease presented with carotid artery injury following revision functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Carotid artery injury is a rare but catastrophic complication of this surgery. The patient was transferred to our tertiary facility with interventional radiology for immediate management of the carotid artery injury. This case reaffirms that any surgery can have disastrous complications and highlights the importance of multidisciplinary management of complications such as carotid artery injury.


Assuntos
Lesões das Artérias Carótidas , Sinusite , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/etiologia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Rural Remote Health ; 22(1): 7050, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35119906

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Past studies examined factors associated with rural practice, but none employed newer machine learning (ML) methods to explore potential predictors. The primary aim of this study was to identify factors related to practice in a rural area. Secondary aims were to capture a more precise understanding of the demographic characteristics of the healthcare professions workforce in Utah (USA) and to assess the viability of ML as a predictive tool. METHODS: This study incorporated four datasets - the 2017 dental workforce, the 2016 physician workforce, the 2014 nursing workforce and the 2017 pharmacy workforce - collected by the Utah Medical Education Council. Supervised ML techniques were used to identify factors associated with practice location, the outcome variable of interest. RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 11 259 healthcare professionals with an average age of 46.6 years, of which 36.6% were males and 94.5% Caucasian. Four ML methods were applied to assess model performance by comparing accuracy, sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Of the methods used, support vector machine performed the best (accuracy 99.7%, precision 100%, sensitivity 100%, specificity 99.4% and ROC 0.997). The models identified income and rural upbringing as the top factors associated with rural practice. CONCLUSION: By far, income emerged as the most important factor associated with rural practice, suggesting that attractive income offers might help rural communities address health professional shortages. Rural upbringing was the next most important predictive factor, validating and updating earlier research. The performance of the ML algorithms suggests their usefulness as a tool to model other databases for individualized prediction.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Rural , Atenção à Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Área de Atuação Profissional , Recursos Humanos
8.
JBJS Case Connect ; 12(1)2022 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108225

RESUMO

CASE: A 61-year-old woman presented with a failed proximal ulna allograft-prosthetic composite after revision total elbow arthroplasty (TEA). The ulnar deficiency was addressed using an osteomuscular flap from the distal radius pedicled on the radial artery. At final follow-up, she had minimal pain and a flexion-extension arc of 0° to 130°. Radiographs demonstrated graft incorporation and a stable TEA construct. CONCLUSION: This demonstrates utilization of a vascularized osteomuscular flap from the radius for treatment of proximal ulnar deficiency in the setting of revision TEA. This technique offers an alternative option for the challenge of a failed TEA with ulnar bone loss.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo , Rádio (Anatomia) , Artroplastia de Substituição do Cotovelo/métodos , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Antebraço/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Rádio (Anatomia)/cirurgia , Reoperação/métodos , Ulna/cirurgia
9.
JBJS Case Connect ; 12(1)2022 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35108231

RESUMO

CASE: A 51-year-old lady with multiple comorbidities presented with T11 spondylolysis in association with thoracic stenosis and myelopathy. Our patient underwent T11-T12 laminectomy, T10-L1 posterior instrumented stabilization, and T11-T12 transforaminal interbody fusion. She had a good neurological recovery, and the radiographs at 1-year follow-up showed good fusion and implant position. CONCLUSION: Spondylolysis is an anatomical defect or stress fracture of the pars interarticularis and usually reported in the lumbar region. This case of T11 spondylolysis in association with thoracic stenosis, spinal instability, and myelopathy is highlighted for its rarity and to reiterate the need for high index of suspicion among surgeons for the timely diagnosis.


Assuntos
Doenças da Medula Espinal , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Espondilólise , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Espondilólise/complicações , Espondilólise/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilólise/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
10.
Anticancer Res ; 42(5): 2657-2663, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Many head-and-neck cancer patients receive radiotherapy, which may be associated with significant toxicities. Xerostomia is considered one of the most debilitating late adverse events. This study was performed to identify risk factors for xerostomia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Several characteristics were investigated for associations with late xerostomia in 159 patients irradiated for head-and-neck cancer including age, sex, tumor site and size, underlying pathology, histologic grading, upfront resection, systemic treatment, and type and dose of radiotherapy. RESULTS: Ninety (57%) and 35 (22%) patients experienced grade ≥2 and ≥3 xerostomia, respectively. Grade ≥2 xerostomia was significantly associated with tumor site (nasopharynx/oropharynx/oral cavity/floor of mouth, p=0.049). Grade ≥3 xerostomia was significantly associated with age ≥61 years (p=0.035); trends were found for tumor site (p=0.088), bilateral nodal involvement (p=0.093), definitive treatment (p=0.082), and systemic treatment (p=0.055). CONCLUSION: Risk factors for xerostomia following radiotherapy of head-and-neck cancers were identified including older age, unfavorable tumor site, bilateral involvement of lymph nodes, definitive treatment, and addition of systemic therapies. For patients with risk factors, sparing of the salivary glands is particularly important.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Xerostomia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Glândulas Salivares , Xerostomia/epidemiologia , Xerostomia/etiologia
11.
J Bras Nefrol ; 44(1): 42-47, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289006

RESUMO

Some cases of patients with IgA nephropathy diagnosed via kidney biopsy and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) positivity have been reported. This article describes a case series comprising patients with IgA nephropathy and ANCA positivity seen at a medical center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1996 to 2016. A total of 111 patients underwent diagnostic kidney biopsies for IgA nephropathy. Five were ANCA-positive at the time of diagnosis; their mean age was 45 ± 15.3 years and they were predominantly females with a mean proteinuria of 2.2 ± 0.9 g/day and a median serum creatinine level of 2.5 (2.0 - 8,6) mg/dL; all had hematuria. Four of the five were cANCA-positive (80%); all had normal serum C3 and C4 levels; and 80% were positive for ANA. One case presented an association with infection, but no associations were found with medication. One patient had granuloma and another had a collapsing lesion. This article describes the cases of five ANCA-positive patients (with predominantly cANCA positivity) submitted to diagnostic kidney biopsies for IgA nephropathy; one patient had a collapsing lesion, but progressed well.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(2): 12-15, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1361784

RESUMO

O papilomavírus humano (HPV) é a doença sexualmente transmissível mais comum em todo o mundo, mais de 150 tipos de HPV já foram identificados, sendo que 25 tipos estão associados a lesões em cavidade oral e genital. O diagnóstico e tratamento precoce das lesões por HPV são importantes para um melhor prognóstico do paciente. O presente estudo objetiva relatar o caso clínico de uma paciente com papiloma de células escamosas. Trata-se portanto de um tumor benigno, onde o tratamento consiste na remoção completa da lesão com a devida margem de segurança. Recidivas são incomuns, contudo o paciente deve manter acompanhamento odontológico periódico, e encaminhado para acompanhamento médico(AU)


Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide, with more than 150 types of HPV identified. Among types, 25 of which are associated with lesions in the oral and genital cavity. Early diagnosis and treatment of HPV lesions are important for a better patient prognosis. The study aim to report the clinical case of a patient with squamous cell papilloma. It is, therefore, a benign tumor, where treatment consists of complete removal of the lesion with the necessary safety margin. Relapses are uncommon, but the patient must maintain periodic dental care and be referred for medical follow-up(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papiloma , Papillomaviridae , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Palato Mole/lesões , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Assistência Odontológica
13.
Hipertens. riesgo vasc ; 39(3): 105-113, jul-sep 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-204042

RESUMO

Introducción: El compromiso cardiovascular en la enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) no necesariamente se presenta con los síntomas clásicos descriptos en la miocarditis. Es creciente la evidencia que demuestra compromiso cardiovascular subclínico en contexto de la intensa inflamación desatada, la tormenta de citocinas involucradas, el estado protrombótico basal y la disfunción endotelial consecuente. Nos propusimos analizar si la troponina T (TT) y la fracción amino-terminal del propéptido natriurético cerebral (NT-proBNP) determinada al momento de ingreso hospitalario se relacionan con la mortalidad durante la internación de estos pacientes. Material y métodos: Estudio analítico, observacional, de cohortes retrospectivas y corte transversal. Incluyó sujetos con COVID-19 internados por enfermedad moderada-severa, del 20 de marzo de 2020 al 15 de noviembre de 2020. Se analizaron las determinaciones de TT y NT-proBNP obtenidas en las primeras 24 horas de ingreso. Se consideró TT alterada si ≥ 0,014 ng/dL y NT-proBNP alterado si ≥ 300 pg/mL. Resultados: Se incluyeron 108 sujetos, 63,2% hombres, edad 51,5 años (59-43). El 28% ingreso a Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) y el 25% falleció. El grupo de pacientes con TT elevada presentó mayor mortalidad (OR = 3,1; IC 95% = 1,10-8,85; p = 0,028) al igual que el grupo con NT-proBNP elevado (OR = 3,47; IC 95% = 1,21-9,97; p = 0,017). Al análisis multivariado sólo NT-proBNP ≥300 pg/mL se mantuvo como factor de riesgo independiente. Conclusiones: Niveles de NT-proBNP ≥ 300 pg/mL al ingreso en pacientes con COVID-19 moderada-severa se relacionaron con una mayor mortalidad.(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular compromise in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) does not necessarily present with the classic symptoms described in myocarditis. There is growing evidence demonstrating subclinical cardiovascular compromise in the context of the intense inflammation unleashed, the cytokine storm involved, the baseline prothrombotic state, and the consequent endothelial dysfunction. We set out to analyse whether Troponin-T (TT) and the amino-terminal fraction of pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) determined at hospital admission, are related to mortality during the hospitalization of these patients. Material and methods: Analytical, observational, retrospective cohort and cross-sectional study. It included subjects with COVID-19 hospitalized for moderate-severe illness, from 20/03/20 to 15/11/20. The TT and NT-proBNP obtained in the first 24 hours from admission were analysed. Altered TT was considered if ≥.014 ng/dl and altered NT-proBNP if ≥300 pg/ml. Results: One hundred and eight subjects were included, 63.2% men, age 51.5 years (59-43), 28% were admitted to the Critical Unit and 25% died. The group with elevated TT presented higher mortality (OR = 3.1; 95%CI = 1.10-8.85; p = .02). The group with elevated NT-proBNP also show higher mortality (OR = 3.47; 95%CI = 1.21-9.97; p = .01). On multivariate analysis, only NT-proBNP ≥300 pg/ml remained an independent risk factor. Conclusions: NT-proBNP levels ≥300 pg/ml at admission in patients with moderate-severe COVID-19 were associated with higher mortality.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Troponina T , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/análise , Biomarcadores , Coronavirus , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Mortalidade
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 508, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zika virus infection is commonly described as a mild and self-limiting illness. However, cardiac complications were associated with acute Zika virus infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old woman without previous comorbidities with a 1-day history of symptoms tested positive for ZIKV by real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR). She was admitted two days after with clinical worsening, cardiac enzymes elevated, and cardiac imaging findings, and the diagnosis of myopericarditis was made. The patient was treated and presented significant clinical improvement after one year. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac complication following ZIKV infection appears to be infrequent. Here, we report a rare case of viral myopericarditis caused by ZIKV infection.


Assuntos
Infecção por Zika virus , Zika virus , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Zika virus/genética , Infecção por Zika virus/complicações , Infecção por Zika virus/diagnóstico
15.
BMC Nephrol ; 23(1): 200, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is common among patients undergoing dialysis. However, the dynamic structural changes of LV are rarely discussed. The study aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of left ventricular mass index (LVMI)-progression in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and explore risks factors for LVMI-progression. METHODS: Incident PD patients between February 2008 and July 2018 were recruited. Echocardiography was performed yearly to collect LVMI and evaluate its changes. Participants were divided into three subgroups: group with LVMI-regression, group with LVMI stable and group with LVMI-progression. The end points include all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and cardiovascular events. Cox regression models were performed to identify the associations between LVMI-progression and these endpoints. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to identify risk factors for LVMI-progression. RESULTS: A total of 216 PD patients (130 men,60.2%) with a mean age of 54.3 ± 16.8 years were recruited. LVMI-progression was identified in 72 patients (33.3%) after PD initiation. The cohort was followed for a median duration of 65.9 months. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that LVMI-progression was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (HR, 1.419; 95% CI, 1.016-1.982; p = 0.040), cardiovascular mortality (HR, 1.836; 95%CI, 1.084-3.108; p = 0.024), and cardiovascular events (HR, 1.494; 95%CI, 1.063-2.099; p = 0.021). Multivariable logistic regression showed that hemoglobin, ferritin, blood pressure and fibrinogen were significantly associated with LVMI-progression. CONCLUSION: Early LVMI-progression was independently associated with all-cause mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in PD patients. The dynamic monitoring of LVMI might therefore help identify high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Diálise Peritoneal , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diálise Peritoneal/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos
16.
BMC Prim Care ; 23(1): 135, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social distancing and lockdowns were implemented during the first period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Primary care physicians needed to adapt quickly to deliver remote care/telemedicine. METHODS: A cross-sectional, 47-item online Google Survey was distributed through the Israel Association of Family Physicians (IAFP) mailing list between March 31-May 5, 2020. The questionnaire included demographics, physician characteristics, and information on usage and perceived telemedicine quality. Sampling weights by sex and age groups were applied. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-nine primary care physicians (10.6% of registered IAFP members; 63.5% women; mean age 53.4 ± 10.4 years and median professional experience 21.3 years) replied to the survey. The majority (59.7%) of the participants performed a mixture of in-person along with phone counseling. About 40% had no former telemedicine experience. The majority indicated that telephone and video formats were inferior to in-person consultation (68%, 57.1% online and phone, respectively). The overall counseling quality grade (on a 1-10 scale,)median (IQR)) was 6.2 (3) for telephone and 7(2) for video. While 66.9% reported experiencing no challenges, 10% had technical problems, 10% interpersonal problems, 5.6% scheduling difficulties, and 7.5% other difficulties. Majority of 56.6% physicians indicated they prescribed more antibiotics,16.4% sent more blood tests, 24.5% referred more to experts, and 49.7% referred more to imaging in comparison to usual counseling. Higher phone quality score was significantly associated with physicians who indicated not prescribing more antibiotics during the pandemic (OR = 0.30, 95%CI 0.134-0.688, p = 0.004). Higher online quality score was associated with physicians who indicated not sending more blood tests during the pandemic (OR = 0.06 95%CI 0.008-0.378, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest telehealth holds considerable promise for counseling in the primary care setting. However, interpersonal challenges raised by physicians should be understood in-depth to develop tailored training and further examine it in randomized trials while integrating patient-reported outcomes. Finally, further research on utility, cost, and cost-efficiency during remote counseling with follow-ups, medical prescribing, and additional referrals is needed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Adulto , Antibacterianos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Médicos de Família , Atenção Primária à Saúde
17.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1076, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between dietary fiber intake and long-term cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database. METHODS: A total of 14,947 participants aged 20-79 from the NHANES database were included in this study between 2009 and 2018. The atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) score was utilized to predict the 10-year risk of CVD in individuals (low, borderline, intermediate, and high risk). Weighted univariate and multinomial multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the association between dietary fiber intake and long-term CVD risk. RESULTS: Higher dietary fiber density may be associated with a reduced ASCVD risk in participants with intermediate risk [odds ratio (OR) = 0.76; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.61-0.94] and high risk (OR = 0.60; 95%CI, 0.45-0.81) compared with those in the group with low risk. Higher total dietary fiber intake may also reduce ASCVD risk in participants with high risk (OR = 0.84; 95%CI, 0.75-0.95). Subgroup analyses showed that higher dietary fiber density may be related to reduced ASCVD risk in intermediate-risk participants aged 20-39 (OR = 0.62; 95%CI, 0.43-0.89) and 40-59 (OR = 0.67; 95%CI, 0.49-0.94). In high-risk participants, higher dietary fiber density may reduce ASCVD risk in 20-39-year-old (OR = 0.38; 95%CI, 0.19-0.77), 40-59-year-old (OR = 0.37; 95%CI, 0.20-0.70), male (OR = 0.47; 95%CI, 0.23-0.97) and female (OR = 0.57; 95%CI, 0.38-0.86) participants. CONCLUSION: Higher dietary fiber density and total dietary fiber intake were associated with a lower long-term CVD risk, especially in the 20-39 and 40-59 age groups, where the reduction was most significant.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Fibras na Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 22(1): 143, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35641973

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe clinic management and referral pathways among adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) aged > 25 years attending a public outpatient diabetes service. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of people with T1D aged > 25 years seen by endocrinologists in one Australian urban public outpatient in 2017. Electronic and paper medical records were reviewed using a dataset adapted from the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence 2015 guidelines. RESULTS: Among the 111 people with T1D (mean age 41 ± 13 years, 55% men, mean body mass index 27.1 ± 5.6 kg/m2), mean HbA1c was 8.1 ± 1.9% (66 ± 19 mmol/mol) (lower than the Australian National Diabetes Audit: 8.5%/69 mmol/mol) with 25.5% meeting the guideline target of < 53 mmol/mol (7.0%). Most people had seen a diabetes educator (80.2%) or dietitian (73.0%) and had complication screening. Complication rates were high (nephropathy 20.4%, retinopathy 27.4%, peripheral neuropathy 30.1%, ischaemic heart disease/acute infarction 10.5%). Overall, 27% of referrals occurred following an acute inpatient admission or emergency department presentation and 13% for management of diabetes in pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: A high proportion of people with T1D accessed public specialist care either during pregnancy or after a largely avoidable acute glycaemia-related hospital presentation. Subsequent care was in line with national specialist standards. This area has a "wait for acute event" rather than "complication prevention" model of care, associated with under-referral to the local multidisciplinary specialist service. Understanding how widespread this model of care is, and ways to reduce its prevalence, are urgently required.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 517, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Articular surface size is traditionally considered to be a relatively stable trait throughout adulthood. Increased joint size reduces bone and cartilage tissue strains. Although physical activity (PA) has a clear association with diaphyseal morphology, the association between PA and articular surface size is yet to be confirmed. This cross-sectional study aimed to clarify the role of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) in knee morphology in terms of tibiofemoral joint size. METHODS: A sample of 1508 individuals from the population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 was used. At the age of 46, wrist-worn accelerometers were used to monitor MVPA (≥3.5 METs) during a period of two weeks, and knee radiographs were used to obtain three knee breadth measurements (femoral biepicondylar breadth, mediolateral breadth of femoral condyles, mediolateral breadth of the tibial plateau). The association between MVPA and knee breadth was analyzed using general linear models with adjustments for body mass index, smoking, education years, and accelerometer weartime. RESULTS: Of the sample, 54.8% were women. Most individuals were non-smokers (54.6%) and had 9-12 years of education (69.6%). Mean body mass index was 26.2 (standard deviation 4.3) kg/m2. MVPA was uniformly associated with all three knee breadth measurements among both women and men. For each 60 minutes/day of MVPA, the knee breadth dimensions were 1.8-2.0% (or 1.26-1.42 mm) larger among women (p < 0.001) and 1.4-1.6% (or 1.21-1.28 mm) larger among men (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Higher MVPA is associated with larger tibiofemoral joint size. Our findings indicate that MVPA could potentially increase knee dimensions through similar biomechanical mechanisms it affects diaphyseal morphology, thus offering a potential target in reducing tissue strains and preventing knee problems. Further studies are needed to confirm and investigate the association between articulation area and musculoskeletal health.


Assuntos
Acelerometria , Joelho , Acelerometria/métodos , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Am J Case Rep ; 23: e936204, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Severe hypercalcemia is a life-threatening medical emergency. Its possible etiologies are hyperparathyroidism, malignancy, chronic granulomatous diseases, vitamin D intoxication, medication (lithium, thiazine, excessive vitamin A), hyperthyroidism, acromegaly, adrenal insufficiency, pheochromocytoma, milk-alkali syndrome, and immobilization. Dehydration is considered a consequence of hypercalcemia but not the etiology. CASE REPORT We present a case of a 50-year-old woman who presented with headache, nausea, dizziness, and profound weakness, with a serum calcium level of 17.3 mg/dL due to severe dehydration. The other causes of hypercalcemia were diligently excluded with extensive laboratory testing. The patient's calcium level improved with aggressive intravenous hydration. In the subsequent follow-up visits, the calcium level remained within the reference range. The pathophysiology of severe hypercalcemia caused by dehydration is not clear. However, a feedforward mechanism has been proposed to occur, which worsens both dehydration and hypercalcemia. Dehydration as an initial insult leads to mild or transient hypercalcemia due to decreased fluid volume that affects calcium excretion via the kidneys. Subsequently, hypercalcemia interferes with the kidney's ability to concentrate urine, leading to further dehydration. This sets up a vicious loop that worsens both dehydration and hypercalcemia, leading to profound dehydration and severe hypercalcemia. CONCLUSIONS Dehydration is considered a consequence of hypercalcemia but has not been identified as the etiology of severe hypercalcemia. Hyperparathyroidism and malignancy are the most common causes of severe symptomatic hypercalcemia, and dehydration is the diagnosis of exclusion. However, it is imperative to keep dehydration in the differential diagnosis for a patient presenting with severe symptomatic hypercalcemia, as highlighted by our case.


Assuntos
Hipercalcemia , Hiperparatireoidismo , Neoplasias , Cálcio , Desidratação/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/diagnóstico , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Hiperparatireoidismo/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações
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