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1.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(8): 484-489, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479604

RESUMO

The aim of research was to evaluate the effectiveness of the effect of eradication therapy on the cytokine status of gastric juice in patients with chronic non-atrophic gastritis (CNG) and duodenal ulcer (DU) associated with Helicobacter pylori. Clinical observations and laboratory-instrumental studies performed in 95 patients aged 20 to 55 years with CNG and duodenal ulcer with determination of cytokine content of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in the fasting portion of gastric juice. The most pronounced decrease in the content of proinflammatory cytokines in gastric juice on the background of treatment was found in patients of the 1st group who received combined therapy according to the scheme omeprazole + clarithromycin + amoxicillin. Analysis of the content of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α) in gastric juice in patients with acute exacerbation showed that their concentration in all 8 patients after the course of therapy exceeded the norm (P < 0.05) and was IL -1ß - 30,30 + 1,15 pg/l, IL-6 - 10,4 + 0,83 pg / l and TNF-α - 32,5 + 1,13 pg / l. At the same time, the level of proinflammatory cytokines in gastric juice correlated with the degree of dissemination of H. pylori in the mucosa of the gastroduodenal zone. Helicobacter pylori infection in inflammation and ulceration in the mucous membrane of the stomach and duodenum, possibly in addition to other mechanisms, affects the activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha) in gastric juice. Incomplete eradication of H. Pylori after treatment during clinical endoscopic remission in patients with duodenal ulcer in the vast majority of cases is accompanied by the preservation of an increased level of pro-inflammatory cytokines in gastric juice, which may be one of the reasons for the relapse of the disease.


Assuntos
Citocinas/análise , Suco Gástrico/química , Gastrite/terapia , Infecções por Helicobacter/terapia , Adulto , Mucosa Gástrica , Gastrite/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
2.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(8): 490-492, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479605

RESUMO

Lack of clear clinical and laboratory picture of subjective evaluation of bowel viability, the progression of bowel necrosis in the postoperative period with acute mesenteric ischemia (АМI) contributes to the high mortality rate. Earlier experiments we proved that gut necrosis leads to changes in the subpopulation structure of blood lymphocytes. This prompted us to determine the clinical significance of the subpopulation structure of venous blood lymphocytes in patients with acute mesenteric ischemia. The paper is based on a retrospective analysis of the results of a controlled clinical and immunological examination of 18 patients aged 62 to 78 years (control group and a group of АМI). Evaluation lymphocyte subpopulation structure was performed by the standard method of direct immunofluorescence staining of whole blood. The obtained data were processed with nonparametric statistical methods. Study of lymphocyte subpopulation structure in patients with АМI patients showed a decrease in the absolute and relative number of CD8, CD4, B, NK cells on the indicators in the control group. Ischemia and necrosis of the intestinal mucosa accompanied by a massive translocation of intestinal microflora through the impaired intestinal barrier along with the migration of lymphocytes into the lesion and death, which is manifested in a decrease in the number of lymphocytes of the peripheral blood. Comprehensive assessment of venous blood lymphocyte subpopulation structure can be used as an additional diagnostic criterion necrotic step АМI, serve as criteria for selection of patients for immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Intestinos/patologia , Isquemia Mesentérica/diagnóstico , Idoso , Movimento Celular , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos/citologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(8): 1259-1263, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501367

RESUMO

We retrospectively analyzed adverse effects(AEs), overall survival(OS), and progression-free survival(PFS)in 15 consecutive patients treated with FOLFIRINOX as the first-line treatment for recurrent or unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma( PDAC)between February 2014 and December 2017 in our hospital. Eleven patients were treated for unresectable PDAC with distant metastases(UR-M), and 4 were treated for locally advanced unresectable PDAC(UR-LA). The median age was 56(range: 40-75)years. Nine patients were male, and 6 were female. The performance status was 0 or 1 in all patients. Tumors were located in the pancreas head in 8 cases and in the body-tail in 7 cases. Grade 5 AEs were observed in 1 case in which liver abscess causing sepsis resulted in mortality. The response rate was 20.0%, and the disease control rate was 66.7%. Two patients underwent conversion surgery after FOLFIRINOX treatment. Seven patients received a nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine regimen as second-line treatment. The median OS and PFS were 17.0 and 8.4 months, respectively, and the 1-year survival rate was 66.7%. FOLFIRINOX for recurrent and unresectable PDAC showed relatively good tumor control. However, strict attention is required for severe AEs. Conversion surgery might be effective in patients who are good responders even if they have metastatic disease.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Feminino , Fluoruracila , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(8): 1291-1293, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501372

RESUMO

A 63-year-old woman underwent right lower lobectomy and mediastinal dissection for lung cancer. At 5 years and 5 months after surgery, chest computed tomography revealed multiple liver metastasis. EGFR gene mutations of L858R and T790M were detected in both the primary lung cancer lesion and the liver metastasis specimen. Gefitinib was initiated as the first-line treatment, but the tumors increased in size. Osimertinib, as second-line treatment, was remarkably effective against the liver metastatic lesions and it maintained a partial response for approximately 1 year. Thus, osimertinib was effective for liver metastasis of lung cancer with EGFR mutations of L858R and T790M.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Receptores ErbB , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases
5.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(8): 1315-1317, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501378

RESUMO

We report synchronous resection of gallbladder hyperplasia polyps with pancreaticobiliary maljunction without dilation of the bile duct and sigmoid colon carcinoma. The patient was a 60-year-old woman diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer. Gallbladder polyps were detected incidentally during a preoperative examination for sigmoid colon cancer that was discovered because of anemia. Detailed examination revealed a suspected gallbladder carcinoma along with pancreaticobiliary maljunction without dilation of the bile duct. The patient underwent synchronous open colectomy and cholecystectomy. Histopathological diagnosis excluded gallbladder carcinoma, so we did not perform bile duct resection or lymph node resection around the bile duct. The final diagnosis was gallbladder hyperplasia polyps, chronic cholecystitis, and sigmoid colon cancer (pT3N2M0, stage Ⅲb). Therefore, physicians should pay attention to the possibility of pancreaticobiliary maljunction if gallbladder polyps are detected incidentally during preoperative examination for other diseases. In the present case, we could treat the patient with minimally invasive techniques by adding the treatment to that performed for the other disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Neoplasias do Colo Sigmoide , Ductos Biliares , Colo Sigmoide , Dilatação , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ductos Pancreáticos
6.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(8): 1323-1325, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501380

RESUMO

A 63-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital owing to advanced rectal carcinoma. The patient underwent laparoscopic lowanterior resectionwith D3 lymph node dissection and partial resection of the uterus. The histopathological diagnosis was fT4bN2M0, fStage Ⅲb. Thus, capecitabine plus oxaliplatin(CapeOX)therapy as adjuvant chemotherapy was scheduled for 6 months. However, after the 4th course of chemotherapy, contrast-enhanced CT revealed multiple metastases of the rectal carcinoma including metastases in the liver, peritoneum, retroperitoneum, and subcutaneous tissue of the left lower back. The patient received palliative treatment and died 8 months after surgery. Only a fewcases of subcutaneous metastasis of rectal carcinoma have been reported. Therefore, we herein report this case with a review of the literature.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Retais , Capecitabina , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Tela Subcutânea
7.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(4): eAO4742, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508660

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the induction of DNA damage in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with sickle cell disease, SS and SC genotypes, treated with hydroxyurea. METHODS: The study subjects were divided into two groups: one group of 22 patients with sickle cell disease, SS and SC genotypes, treated with hydroxyurea, and a Control Group composed of 24 patients with sickle cell disease who were not treated with hydroxyurea. Peripheral blood samples were submitted to peripheral blood mononuclear cell isolation to assess genotoxicity by the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay, in which DNA damage biomarkers - micronuclei, nucleoplasmic bridges and nuclear buds - were counted. RESULTS: Patients with sickle cell disease treated with hydroxyurea had a mean age of 25.4 years, whereas patients with sickle cell disease not treated with hydroxyurea had a mean age of 17.6 years. The mean dose of hydroxyurea used by the patients was 12.8mg/kg/day, for a mean period of 44 months. The mean micronucleus frequency per 1,000 cells of 8.591±1.568 was observed in the Hydroxyurea Group and 10.040±1.003 in the Control Group. The mean frequency of nucleoplasmic bridges per 1,000 cells and nuclear buds per 1,000 cells for the hydroxyurea and Control Groups were 0.4545±0.1707 versus 0.5833±0.2078, and 0.8182±0.2430 versus 0.9583±0.1853, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between groups. CONCLUSION: In the study population, patients with sickle cell disease treated with the standard dose of hydroxyurea treatment did not show evidence of DNA damage induction.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/genética , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidroxiureia/farmacologia , Inibidores da Síntese de Ácido Nucleico/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anemia Falciforme/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citocinese , Dano ao DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxiureia/efeitos adversos , Hidroxiureia/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Testes para Micronúcleos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Mutagenicidade , Mutação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Síntese de Ácido Nucleico/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Síntese de Ácido Nucleico/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Glob Health ; 9(2): 020403, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489186

RESUMO

Background: There is a need to develop sustainable emergency health care systems in low-resource settings, but data that analyses emergency health care needs in these settings are scarce. We aimed at assessing presenting complaints (PCs) and post-discharge mortality in a large emergency department population in Nepal. Methods: Characteristics of adult patients who entered the emergency department (ED) in a hospital in Nepal were prospectively recorded in the local emergency registry from September 2013 until December 2016. To assess post-ED mortality, patient households were followed-up by telephone interviews at 90 days. Results: In 21892 included adults, the major PC categories were injuries (29%), abdominal complaints (23%), and infections (16%). Median age was 40 years and sex distribution was balanced. Among 3793 patients followed at 90 days, 8% had died. For respiratory and cardiovascular PCs, 90-day mortality were 25% and 23%. The highest mortality was in individuals with known chronic lung disease, in this group 32% had died by 90 days of ED discharge, regardless of PC. In women, illiteracy compared to literacy (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 7.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.1-23.6) and being both exposed to tobacco-smoking and traditional cooking stove compared to no smoke (aOR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.6-4.9) were associated with mortality. The mortality was much higher among family-initiated discharged patients (17%, aOR = 5.4, 95% CI = 3.3-8.9) compared to doctor-initiated discharged (3%). Conclusions: Our report suggests that nearly one in ten patients seeking emergency health care died within 90 days. This finding is alarming and novel. Post-discharge studies need to be replicated and appropriate follow-up programs in low-resource settings where primary health care is underdeveloped are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Mortalidade/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nepal/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(3): 224-238, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476994

RESUMO

App-controlled feedback devices can support sustainability of weight loss. Multicentre QUANT-study shows additional weight loss and gain of QoL via multiple feedback-devices in OPTIFAST®52-program Objective: Are three app-controlled feedback devices, tested against a simple pedometer in a weight reduction program, supporting sustainable therapy success and quality of life (QoL)? Methods: In this multi-centre randomised controlled study adults with obesity (n = 89, m = 46.5 years, women n = 54), achieved high weight loss (from 42.7 kg/m² to 35.2 kg/m²) while completing the first three month of the OPTIFAST®52-program. Thereafter the intervention group (IG) used feedback devices (BIA scale, blood pressure monitor, step counter), the control group a mechanical pedometer without app for another year. Intention-to-treat analysis (ITT) and As-treated analysis (AT) were carried out. Results: Feedback devices had a positive effect on fat-loss and secondary study objectives like QoL, leading to a better sustainability of these improvements. Participants in IG (AT for t2-t0) had improvements for Waist-to-Height-ratio (WHtR) and physically and mentally quality of life. Conclusion: The results are presumably based on an increase in self-efficacy and the experience of control. Future studies should be preceded by a pilot study to analyse acceptance problems.


Assuntos
Manutenção do Peso Corporal , Retroalimentação , Aplicativos Móveis , Obesidade/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Perda de Peso , Programas de Redução de Peso/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(3): 257-271, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476995

RESUMO

Experience of disease, relationship and sexuality in patients with COPD Objectives: We aimed to determine the impacts of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on the patient's relationship and sexuality. Methods: In a multicentric study 105, 52 of them female, non-selected COPD patients who were married or in a partnership were interviewed about their partnership and sexuality. Results: Average age was 64.1 ± 9.2 years. Patients with a more severe COPD had a lower Self-Illness-Separation (SIS), i. e. they reveal significantly higher burden of suffering. Life satisfaction and satisfaction with partnership, sexuality and sexual intercourse has decreased significantly since the diagnosis (p < 0.05). Desire and frequency to be sexually active have also decreased (p < 0.001). 61 % of the respondents felt increasingly dependent from their partner. Conclusion: The results underline that patients have a stage-dependent emotional distance to their illness, the partnership develops in direction of dependency, and sexuality deteriorates with increasing severity of the COPD. The PRISM test proved to be a great way to illustrate this development and to start a conversation with the patients about it. COPD patients and their partners should be referred to the potential impact of the disease on their partnership and sexuality and should be supported in their potential solutions considering gender-specific aspects.


Assuntos
Casamento/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Sexualidade/psicologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(9): 700-704, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484245

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of pirfenidone in fibrotic interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) after treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 2 adult patients with IPAF in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. As their fibrotic interstitial lung disease failed to improve with further treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, they were treated with pirfenidone based on corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. Their clinical, chest radiological data and prognosis were collected and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results: One patient was a 43 year old female, the other was a 53 year old male. IPAF was diagnosed with their classic clinical, serological and radiological features. They were partially responded to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants at the initial period. Pirfenidone was suggested for them as their lung fibrosis was not improved further with immunosuppressive therapy. After 4-5 months treatment with pirfenidone, based on corticosteroids and immunosuppressant administration, their clinical and radiological manifestations improved significantly. Conclusions: Pirfenidone might be a good add-on choice for fibrotic IPAF when the disease did not respond well to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(32): 2511-2515, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484278

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) combined with bladder neck obstruction (BNO). Methods: The clinical data of 17 cases of female SUI patients with BNO, who was admitted to the Urology department, Beijing Chaoyang hospital from November 2011 to April 2018, were retrospectively analyzed. The mean age was (60.3±2.6) years old and the mean body mass index was (23.8±0.5) kg/m(2). All patients had the first stage bladder neck incision with the second stage suprapubic urethral support sling. The clinical characteristics, curative effects and outcomes were analyzed. Results: The maximum flow rate was increased significantly after the bladder neck incision compared with preoperative [(9.3±0.5) vs (25.6±0.8) ml/s, P<0.001]. The postvoid residual urine volume and PdetQmax were decreased significantly than that preoperative [(167.5±4.4) vs (4.1±0.5) ml, P<0.001; (49.4±1.3) vs (24.9±0.7) cmH(2)O, P<0.001]. The incontinence questionnaire-short form score was significantly lower after the second stage suprapubic urethral support sling [(2.4±0.4) vs (14.9±0.3), P<0.001]. The number of subjective and objective case of suprapubic urethral support sling was 13, and the treatment effect of other patients was improved. The hospitalization and operation time of the bladder neck incision and the suprapubic urethral support sling were short. All patients had no intraoperative complications, two cases had dysuria and one case had groin pain after the suprapubic urethral support sling operation. Conclusions: The patients of female SUI combined with BNO are most elderly and obese population. The effectiveness and safety of the first stage bladder neck incision and the second stage suprapubic urethral support sling are high, and the surgeries can effectively relieve the obstruction and improve the quality of patients' life.


Assuntos
Slings Suburetrais , Obstrução do Colo da Bexiga Urinária , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Obstrução do Colo da Bexiga Urinária/complicações , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/etiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(32): 2516-2520, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484279

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effects of functional neck dissection (FND) and supraomohyoid neck dissection (SOND) in patients with cN0/N1 oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Methods: A total of 210 patients with stage cN0/N1 OSCC underwent FND and SOND between January 2012 and May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed, among which, 147 patients were male and 63 were female, with an age range of 23-82 years and mean age of (62.2±10.2) years. There were 112 and 98 patients in FND and SOND groups, respectively. The follow-up data included cervical lymph node metastasis, movement of shoulder joint, great auricular nerve function, recurrence rate of cervical lymph nodes. Results: There was no significant difference in gender, age, tumor location, T stage, N stage, histological grades between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared to patients in FND group, the activities of shoulder joint and earlobe numbness improved significantly in SOND group. Of the 210 patients, 17 patients (8.1%) had cervical recurrence, with 9 patients (8.0%) in FND group and 8 patients (8.2%) in SOND group. No significant difference was observed for neck recurrence between the two groups (P=0.973). Conclusion: SOND can be safely performed in cN0 or cN1 OSCC patients, which avoids major complications of FND, and improves postoperative quality of life in those patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia , Esvaziamento Cervical , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(32): 2527-2531, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484281

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Methods: The clinicopathologic data of enrolled patients with NETs between October 2012 and October 2017 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 488 NETs patients, the average age was (51.0±15.8) years, and the sex ratio (male/female) was 1∶1.1. Of the NETs, 370 were located in the digestive system (75.8%), 63 were pulmonary (12.9%), 14 were mediastinal (2.9%), 7 were of unknown primary origin (1.4%), and 34 were located in other sites (7.0%). Among the NETs, the pancreas, rectum and stomach were the most common sites. In the digestive system NETs, the most common tumor grade was G1 (190 cases, 51.4%), followed by G2 (143 cases, 38.6%) and NET-G3 (37 cases, 10.0%). In pulmonary NETs, typical and atypical carcinoid tumors was 47.6% and 52.4%, respectively. There were 310 patients at stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ, 53 at stage Ⅲ, 69 at stage Ⅳ and 56 at stage undiagnosed, respectively. The relationships among age, stage, grade, metastasis, treatment and prognosis were analyzed. All these factors could influence the survival rate of NET patients. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that age (>50 years old) (HR=2.831, 95%CI:1.414-7.029, P=0.025) and distant metastasis (HR=10.208, 95%CI:4.110-25.355, P<0.001) were independent risk factors. Conclusions: The most common primary sites of NETs are the pancreas, rectum, and stomach. Age and distant metastasis are independent risk factors for the prognosis of NETs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(8): 929-931, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484892

RESUMO

A 51-year-old man was diagnosed with stage IV mantle cell lymphoma based on terminal ileum biopsy and treated with the R-CHOP regimen. Abdominal CT to assess continuous fever after three courses of R-CHOP revealed three low-density areas in the liver. PCR of the fluid obtained by percutaneous drainage revealed Entamoeba histolytica positivity, although the cultures were negative. Metronidazole treatment achieved cure. The patient was not a homosexual but had an 8-month stay in Lesotho 21 years ago, leading to the possibility that E. histolytica infection at the time continued as an asymptomatic colonization until the initiation of corticosteroid-containing chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Entamoeba histolytica , Abscesso Hepático Amebiano , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Abscesso Hepático Amebiano/induzido quimicamente , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/efeitos adversos
16.
Pharm Res ; 36(11): 155, 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485804

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of food on gastric pH and the ability of over the counter betaine hydrochloride (BHCl) acid to reacidify gastric pH after food-induced elevations in gastric pH. METHODS: This open-label cross over clinical study (NCT02758015) included 9 subjects who were randomly assigned to one of 16 possible, 4-period cross-over sequences to determine the impact and relationship of food and gastric pH with acid supplementation. Subjects were administered various doses (1500 mg, 3000 mg and 4500 mg) of betaine hydrochloride (BHCl) to determine the ability of acid supplementation to reacidify gastric pH after the elevation of gastric pH caused by the ingestion of food. RESULTS: Following the administration of food and the resulting elevation in gastric pH, time to return to baseline gastric pH levels without acid supplementation was 49.7 ± 14.0 min. Administering 4500 mg of BHCl acid in capsules was able to reacidify gastric pH levels back to baseline following the administration of food in approximately 17.3 ± 5.9 min. AUCpH of each treatment were similar and not statistically different. Mean max pH following the administration of food was 3.20 ± 0.55. CONCLUSION: The ability of food to elevate and maintain gastric pH levels in the presence of acid supplementation was made evident throughout the study. A 4500 mg dose of BHCl was required to reacidify gastric pH after the administration of food. This study details the difficulty faced by clinicians in dosing a poorly soluble, weakly basic drug to patients receiving acid reducing agents where administration with food is recommended to avoid gastric side effects. TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02758015.


Assuntos
Betaína/uso terapêutico , Alimentos , Absorção Gástrica , Ácido Gástrico/metabolismo , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Preparações Farmacêuticas/metabolismo , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Interações Alimento-Droga , Determinação da Acidez Gástrica , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 79(4): 251-256, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487243

RESUMO

Our objective was to evaluate clinical characteristics, results and morbi-mortality in primary angioplasty (PA), of patients treated with PA within 36 hours of a myocardial infarction (MI), included in a prospective, transversal, multicenter and national survey (ARGEN-IAM-ST). A total of 1142 patients treated with PA were registered, 61.2 ± 12 years old, 88% male, 20% diabetics and 58% with hypertension; 77.6% in Killip Kimball I and 6.2% in cardiogenic shock. The time from the onset of pain until admission was 153 (75-316) minutes, and door-balloon of 91 (60-150) minutes. The transferred patients (17%) showed longer delay to admission, 200 minutes (195-420; p = 0.0001) and door-to-balloon 113.5 minutes (55-207); p = 0.099. In 47.6% of the cases, the PA was made in the anterior descending artery, in 36.4% in the right coronary artery, in 14.8% in the circumflex artery and in 1.2% in the left coronary artery; in 95% with stent (29% pharmacological); 95% was successful, 1.3% presented post-infarct angina (APIAM), 1.3% re-infarct, 8.8% shock and 3.2% bleeding. Age > 64 years (OR 6.2 (95% CI: 3.2-12), p <0.001), diabetes (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.6-3.9, p < 0.001), re-infarction or APIAM (OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.3-8.3, p = 0.011) and shock (OR 29.2 (15.6-54.8), p < 0.001) were independently associated with higher mortality. In-hospital mortality of acute myocardial infarction with ST-segment elevation treated with PA was 7.6%. Transference from other center was associated with delay in the admission and treatment. Cardiogenic shock and post-infarct ischemia were associated with high mortality. There were no procedural variables associated with mortality.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/mortalidade , Argentina , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 79(4): 257-264, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487244

RESUMO

The epidemiology of infectious endocarditis (IE) has undergone changes due to a series of factors such as aging, comorbidities and medical procedures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the main clinical, epidemiological and etiological changes of the IE in the last 25 years in Argentina. A comparative analysis of three observational prospective registries was performed in which cases of definite and possible IE were consecutively included according to the Duke criteria: two multicentre studies (EIRA-1 [1992-1994] and EIRA-2 [2001-2002]) and one study in a reference cardiology center (CRC [2007-2017]). In the 1065 episodes of EI evaluated, there were no differences regarding sex, and the patients were older in each period (p < 0.001). Intracardiac device-associated IE was more frequent in the last decade: pacemaker (5.4 vs. 23% p < 0.0001) and prosthetic valve IE (8.5% vs. 19.2% vs. 47.5% p < 0.0001). On the other hand, IE associated with intravenous drugs (P < 0.0001) and congenital heart diseases (p = 0.001) was significantly less frequent. The etiology changed substantially: Streptococcus viridans group decreased (30.8% vs. 26.8% vs. 15.9%, p < 0.001) and IE by Staphylococcus spp. predominated over other microorganisms, with a statistically significant increase in IE due to coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. Surgical treatment was more frequently implemented in the last decade and was accompanied by a trend towards lower mortality in the CRC (23.5%, 24.3% vs. 17.2% p = 0.058).


Assuntos
Endocardite Bacteriana/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Argentina/epidemiologia , Endocardite Bacteriana/etiologia , Endocardite Bacteriana/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência
19.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 79(4): 265-270, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487245

RESUMO

Malignant melanoma (MM) is the more aggressive form of skin cancer with a mortality rate in Argentina 1997-2001 = 1.1/100 000 in men and 0.6 in women. BRAF proto-oncogene is focus of intense research; its mutation is one of the main tumor promoters and occurs in approximately 50% of MM. Several drugs with clinical activity on BRAF mutations have been approved. The aim of the study is to evaluate the mutational status of BRAF (exon 15) in cutaneous MM biopsies and its relationship with histopathological characteristics. We carried out an observational, retrospective study of samples fixed in formaldehyde and paraffin embedded; reviewing age, sex, diagnosis, histopathological data, tumor size and percentage, viability for molecular analysis and melanin presence. We evaluated BRAF mutations with PCR/Sanger sequencing. For statistics we used Student's t test, Chi square, Wilcoxon and Fisher's exact test. We were able to purify and sequence 76% (38/49) samples, 13/38 (34%) from women and 25/38 (66%) from men, the median age being 70 years. Most frequent location: thorax 14/35 (40%). Histological type: Superficial spreading 18/38 (47%). Clark's levels, 11/38 (29%): I-II and 27/38 (71%): III, IV and V. Breslow's median: 1.6 mm. Radial growth phase 11/38 (29%) and 27/38 (71%) vertical. Presented mutations 16/38 (42%). As reported by other authors, no association was found between the mutational state of exon 15 and clinical or histopathological parameters.


Assuntos
Melanoma/genética , Mutação/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
20.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 79(4): 271-275, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487246

RESUMO

There is much controversy about the benefits of the use of serum calcitonin (CT) in the initial evaluation of patients with thyroid nodules. The objective of the study was to early identify medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) through the routine measurement of CT in thyroid nodular pathology in a large cohort of patients from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consecutive patients with nodular thyroid disease (n=1017) were studied. CT was measured by chemiluminescence, normal value: up to 18 pg/ml in men and 12 pg/ml in women. In two patients, hypercalcitoninemia was confirmed in repeated measurements. Fine needle aspiration with CT measurement in the needle wash fluid identified MTC in nodules with citology abnormalities. The genetic study was positive in one patient (mutation exon 14, Val804Met, MTC familiar). The other presented a polymorphism (exon 13 L769L heterozygous - exon 15 S904S heterozygous). In both cases, CT was normalized 3 months after surgery and remained normal after 6 years of follow-up. The routine measurement of CT in thyroid nodular pathology was useful to detect two cases of MTC, one of them sporadic and the other familiar in this cohort. The prevalence of MTC was 0.2%.


Assuntos
Calcitonina/sangue , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/sangue , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Luminescência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Adulto Jovem
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