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1.
Dent Clin North Am ; 64(2): 291-303, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111269

RESUMO

Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is an autogenous material that is derived from a person's own platelets and is used to enhance wound healing and tissue regeneration. Platelet concentrates have been applied in dermatology, pain management, sports medicine, plastic surgery, cardiac surgery, urology, and also dentistry. PRF has garnered significant interest in the dental community because of its proposed regenerative properties and its ability to aid in wound healing. PRF is proposed to have a direct effect on enhancing a patient's wound healing by suprasaturating the wound with growth factors that promote tissue healing. Clinically, PRF is easily produced chairside from the patient's own blood. The autologous nature of PRF makes it preferred over a variety of allografts used in dentistry today. Therefore, PRF has significant potential in being applicable to all areas of dentistry, including oral and maxillofacial surgeries.


Assuntos
Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Cirurgia Bucal , Plaquetas , Humanos , Cicatrização
2.
Georgian Med News ; (298): 42-46, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141846

RESUMO

The main initiator of the development of PAH is the development of endothelial dysfunction of the pulmonary vessels. The cause of this dysfunction is associated with functional disorders of the serotonin system. This research is devoted to study the role of the serotonin system in the development mechanism of PAH in children with CHD. We examined 30 young children (from 1 month to 2 years) with congenital heart defects (CHD), which were divided into 3 groups: group I - 12 children with CHD complicated by pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH); Group II - 9 children with CHD, not complicated by PAH; Group III - 9 relatively healthy children (control). The serotonin content of platelets, serum and serotonin transporter (SERT) in platelets was determined. To determine serotonin and its carrier, a quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa kit) was used. The study was performed using the Serotonin ELISA diagnostic kit, IBL Hamburg at the automatic ELISA of the Evolis robotic station (BioRad). The results of our studies showed a pronounced (p <0.001) increase in SERT concentration in platelets in the group of children with CHD complicated by PAH compared with the group of children with CHD and the control group. The amount of serotonin in serum tended to increase in this group compared with the control groups and CHD, and the amount of serotonin in platelets tended to decrease. It is likely that an increase in the serotonin transporter in platelets against the background of an increase in serotonin in the blood plasma and a decrease in serotonin in the platelets indicates the inadequacy of SERT activity as a serotonin carrier. However, by activating the proliferation of smooth muscle cells in the pulmonary artery, SERT leads to the development of PAH in children with congenital heart defects. It is necessary to continue research in this direction, which will reveal the molecular mechanisms by which SERT regulates PASMC proliferation and clarify the role of serotonin and its transporter in the development of PAH in children with CHD.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Artéria Pulmonar/metabolismo , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Serotonina/sangue , Serotonina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Cardiopatias Congênitas/sangue , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Circulação Pulmonar
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(10): e19405, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150090

RESUMO

Advanced gastric cancer has a poor prognosis because of advanced gastric cancer is prone to metastasis. It is urgent for us to find an indicator to predict the prognosis of gastric cancer in a timely fashion. Research has revealed that inflammation has an important role in predicting survival in some cancers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) on the prognosis of metastatic gastric cancer (GC).This was a retrospective review of 110 patients were at presentation diagnosed with stage IV metastatic GC and all patients received palliative chemotherapy between January 2012 and January 2016 at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. Pretreatment NLR and PLR, as well as clinicopathological characteristics were collected. Patients were divided into high and low groups according to the cutoff values for NLR and PLR. The Kaplan-Meier method was applied to estimate the overall survival (OS) and the Cox proportional hazards model to evaluate the related risk factors for OS. All tests were 2-tailed and a P < .05 was considered to indicate a statistically significant difference.One hundred ten patients were enrolled. Eighty-four patients were men, 24 patients were women, 61 patients were ≥65 years of age, and 49 patients were <65 years of age. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of most patients (n = 107) ranged from 0 to 1. Ten patients were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive. Seventy-one patients presented with an elevated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level and 49 patients had an elevated Carcinoembryonic 199 (CA-199) level. Fifty-two patients received first-line chemotherapy only. Nineteen patients received third-line or greater chemotherapy. One hundred patients chose dual drug chemotherapy. The median duration of follow-up was 11.6 months. Based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the optimal cut-off value for NLR and PLR was 2.48 and 143.39. Patients with high NLR and high PLR had poor overall survival compared with those who had low NLR and low PLR (P < .001 and P = .013, respectively). In univariate analysis, old age (P = .013), liver metastasis (P = .001), >1 metastatic sites (P = .028), higher NLR (P = .000), and higher PLR (P = .014) were identified as poor prognostic factors associated with OS. Our multivariate analysis had indicated that high NLR (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.617, 95% CI: 1.032-2.525, P = .036) and peritoneal metastasis (HR: 1.547, 95% CI:1.009-2.454, P = .045) was independent prognostic factors for overall survival; however, the PLR was not shown to be an independent prognostic factor.Our study suggested that the pretreatment NLR can be used as significant prognosis biomarker in metastatic gastric cancer patients receiving palliative chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Plaquetas/citologia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos/citologia , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Neutrófilos/citologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 18(1): 17-24, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003297

RESUMO

Introduction: Platelets play a pivotal role in the occurrence of recurrent ischemic events in coronary artery disease patients who are treated with drug-eluting stents and are on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT).Areas covered: High platelet reactivity (HPR) to adenosine diphosphate during clopidogrel therapy is a strong predictor of post-stenting ischemic event occurrences. However, uniform use of potent P2Y12 receptors blockers to overcome HPR is associated with elevated bleeding risk. Selective de-escalation of P2Y12 receptor blocker therapy based on PFT in patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with stenting has been shown to be associated with a similar risk of ischemic event occurrence but with a reduced risk of bleeding. This review aims to discuss the role of PFT in guiding DAPT in patients treated with DES. We searched electronic databases from January 2000 to December 2019 for literatures evaluating the role of platelet function assessment after drug eluting stents.Expert opinion: Platelet function guided therapy improves patient outcomes by lessening bleeding and limiting the overuse of highly potent P2Y12 inhibitors. Interest in this area of de-escalation of therapy will likely grow as the consequences of bleeding are better recognized and the cost of healthcare gains greater focus.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Stents Farmacológicos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem
5.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 296-299, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establise the bank of platelet donors with the human platelet antigen (HPA) 1-6, 15 genes so as to provide the HPA-matched platelets for the patients. METHODS: The HPA genotyping of platelets donors and patients with platelet antibody positive confirmed by sercening was performed by using the SSP-PCR; the efficacy of transfusing the HPA-matched platelets for 37 cases platelet antibody positive was analyzed. RESULTS: The most common genotype in platelet donors were HPA-1a/1a-2a/2a-3a/3b-4a/4a-5a/5a-6a/6a-15a/15b, followed by HPA-1a/1a-2a/2a-3a/3a-4a/4a-5a/5a-6a/6a-15a/15b; the most common genotype in 53 cases of platelet antibody positive confirened by screening were HPA-1a/1a-2a/2a-3a/3b-4a/4a-5a/5a-6a/6a-15a/15b. Among 37 patients with platelet antibody positive confirened by screeming, 28 showed that the transfusion of HPA-matched platelets was effective with statistically significant difference in comparison with random transfusion group. The HPA-3, HPA-15 were the main factors leading to polymorphisms. CONCLUSION: HPA-3 and HPA-15 are polymorphic, which should be focused on. HPA-matched platelets can improve the efficiency of platelet transfusion, and avoid the waste of blood resources. The genotypes of platelet donors can basically meet the requirements for common genotype transfusion.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Antígenos de Plaquetas Humanas , Doadores de Sangue , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19184, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulinastatin is a type of glycoprotein and a nonspecific wide-spectrum protease inhibitor like antifibrinolytic agent aprotinin. Whether Ulinastatin has similar beneficial effects on blood conservation in cardiac surgical patients as aprotinin remains undetermined. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the effects of Ulinastatin on perioperative bleeding and transfusion in patients who underwent cardiac surgery. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify all clinical trials comparing Ulinastatin with placebo/blank on postoperative bleeding and transfusion in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Primary outcomes included perioperative blood loss, blood transfusion, postoperative re-exploration for bleeding. Secondary outcomes include perioperative hemoglobin level, platelet counts and functions, coagulation tests, inflammatory cytokines level, and so on. For continuous variables, treatment effects were calculated as weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidential interval (CI). For dichotomous data, treatment effects were calculated as odds ratio and 95% CI. Statistical significance was defined as P < .05. RESULTS: Our search yielded 21 studies including 1310 patients, and 617 patients were allocated into Ulinastatin group and 693 into Control (placebo/blank) group. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative re-exploration for bleeding incidence, intraoperative red blood cell transfusion units, postoperative fresh frozen plasma transfusion volumes and platelet concentrates transfusion units between the 2 groups (all P > .05). Ulinastatin reduces postoperative bleeding (WMD = -0.73, 95% CI: -1.17 to -0.28, P = .001) and red blood cell (RBC) transfusion (WMD = -0.70, 95% CI: -1.26 to -0.14, P = .01), inhibits hyperfibrinolysis as manifested by lower level of postoperative D-dimer (WMD = -0.87, 95% CI: -1.34 to -0.39, P = .0003). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis has found some evidence showing that Ulinastatin reduces postoperative bleeding and RBC transfusion in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. However, these findings should be interpreted rigorously. Further well-conducted trials are required to assess the blood-saving effects and mechanisms of Ulinastatin.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Glicoproteínas/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Tripsina/uso terapêutico , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicoproteínas/farmacologia , Humanos , Inibidores da Tripsina/farmacologia
7.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 204: 111782, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet (UV) fluorescent lamp (FL) was applied in mainstream riboflavin photochemical method (RPM) to inactivate pathogens in blood components. Low UV irradiance emitted by UV-FL resulted in more time to achieve effective inactivation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel light emitting diode (LED) UV illumination with adjustable irradiance was developed by us. Two strains of drug-resistant bacteria (DRB), pan-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (PDRAB) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) were cultured and used for evaluating the inactivation effectiveness of RPM using UV-LED or UV-FL against DRB in plasma or platelets. Three plasma factors and four platelet parameters were measured after treatments. RESULTS: There was a linear relationship between UV-LED irradiance and electric current, the minimum UV irradiance was 24 mW/cm2, and the maximum was 258 mW/cm2. At the same UV dose of 15 J/cm2, inactivation effectiveness of UV-LED with 258 mW/cm2 against PDRAB in plasma or platelets were comparable to that of UV-FL with 16 mW/cm2, both above 98%. UV-FL treatment required 10-15 min, but UV-LED only required 1-2 min. However, MRSA showed a resistance to UV-LED (inactivation effectiveness was around 40%) compared with UV-FL (inactivation effectiveness was above 98%). The retention of fibrinogen, factor V, factor VII in plasma and platelet counts in platelets with UV-LED treatment were significantly higher than UV-FL at the same UV dose. CONCLUSION: The treatment of RPM using UV-LED with high UV irradiance was able to dramatically shorten inactivation time against PDRAB in plasma or platelets and improve retention of blood components compared with UV-FL.


Assuntos
Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Riboflavina/química , Raios Ultravioleta , Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos dos fármacos , Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos da radiação , Plaquetas/citologia , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas/efeitos da radiação , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator V/metabolismo , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos da radiação , Contagem de Plaquetas , Riboflavina/farmacologia
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(6): 1571-1578, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927886

RESUMO

Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is a secondary metabolite of allicin, a volatile organosulfur flavoring compound generated by the crushing of garlic. These compounds have various medicinal effects such as antiplatelet activity. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time the cellular mechanism involved in the inhibition of platelet aggregation by DATS and dipropyl trisulfide (DPTS), which is a saturated analogue of DATS. Washed murine platelets were incubated with these sulfides, and platelet aggregation was evaluated by light transmission aggregometry. The amount of reaction products produced by DATS, DPTS, and glutathione (GSH) was measured using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Compared with DPTS, DATS potently inhibited platelet aggregation induced by thrombin, U46619, and collagen. N-Ethylmaleimide (NEM), which is commonly used to modify sulfhydryl groups, also suppressed platelet aggregation. The reactivity of DATS with GSH was higher than that of DPTS. These data suggested that DATS inhibited platelet aggregation through the reaction of sulfhydryl groups.


Assuntos
Compostos Alílicos/química , Compostos Alílicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Compostos de Sulfidrila/farmacologia , Sulfetos/química , Sulfetos/farmacologia , Animais , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Dissulfetos/química , Dissulfetos/farmacologia , Alho/química , Glutationa/química , Camundongos , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18607, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977852

RESUMO

Systemic inflammatory response markers are associated with poor survival in many types of malignances. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).We retrospectively evaluated 254 NSCLC patients who underwent radical surgery between January 2012 and April 2014 in the Sichuan Provincial Cancer Hospital. The cut-off values of NLR, PLR, LMR, and CRP were determined according to the receiver operating characteristic curve, and the correlation of NLR, PLR, LMR, and CRP with prognosis was analyzed based on the cut-off value.The cut-off value for NLR, PLR, LMR, and CRP were 3.18, 122, 4.04, and 8.8, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that age (P = .022), tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (P < .001), T stage (P = .001), and N stage (P < .001) were significantly correlated with disease-free survival (DFS), while age (P = .011), TNM stage (P < .001), T stage (P = .008), N stage (P < .001), and PLR (P = .001) were significantly correlated with overall survival (OS). In multivariate analysis, age (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.564, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.087-2.252, P = .016) and TNM stage (HR: 1.704, 95% CI: 1.061-2.735, P = .027) remained independent risk factors affecting DFS, while age (HR: 1.721, 95% CI: 1.153-2.567, P = .008), TNM stage (HR: 2.198, 95% CI: 1.263-3.824, P = .005), and PLR (HR: 1.850, 95% CI: 1.246-2.746, P = .002) were independent risk factors affecting OS.The preoperative PLR is superior to NLR, LMR, and CRP as a biomarker for evaluating the prognosis of patients undergoing curative surgery for NSCLC.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 146: 102863, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935617

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the most frequent cancer for males and third most frequent cancer for females. Targeted therapy drugs based on molecular alterations, such as angiogenesis inhibitors, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors, and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors are important part of treatment of NSCLC. However, the quality of the available tumor biopsy and/or cytology material is sometimes not adequate to perform the necessary molecular testing, which has prompted the search for alternatives. This review examines the use of tumor-educated platelet (TEP) as a liquid biopsy in lung cancer patients. The development of sensitive and accurate techniques have made it possible to detect the specific genetic alterations for which targeted therapies are already available. Liquid biopsy offers opportunities to detect resistance mechanisms at an early stage. To conclude, tumor-educated platelet has the potential to be used as liquid biopsy for a variety of clinical and investigational applications.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , DNA de Neoplasias/sangue , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Biópsia Líquida/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Plaquetas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Mutação , Medicina de Precisão , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
11.
Exp Parasitol ; 210: 107842, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978393

RESUMO

Free-living amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba have been associated with keratitis and encephalitis. Some factors related to their pathogenic potential have been described, including the release of hydrolytic enzymes, and the adhesion and phagocytosis processes. However, other factors such as their effect over the hemodynamics and microcirculation elements have not been fully investigated. This work determines the in vitro activity of potentially pathogenic environmental isolates of Acanthamoeba genotype T4 and T5 over erythrocytes and platelets. The hemolytic activity (dependent and independent of contact), as well as the production of ADP of ten environmental isolates of Acanthamoeba obtained from dental units, combined emergency showers, dust, and hospital water, were measured. Tests were carried out over erythrocytes in suspension and blood agar plates, incubated at 4 °C, room temperature and 37 °C. Erythrophagocytosis and platelet aggregation assays were also performed. Live trophozoites of all of the isolates tested showed a hemolytic activity that was temperature-dependent. Over erythrocytes in suspension, variable hemolysis percentages were obtained: a maximum of 41% and a minimum of 15%. Regarding hemolysis over agar plates, two patterns of hemolysis were observed: double and simple halos. Conditioned medium and crude extracts of trophozoites did not show hemolytic activity. Erythrophagocytosis by Acanthamoeba was also observed; however, no production of ADP was determined by the employed methodology.


Assuntos
Acanthamoeba/fisiologia , Plaquetas/parasitologia , Meio Ambiente , Eritrócitos/parasitologia , Acanthamoeba/classificação , Acanthamoeba/genética , Acanthamoeba/patogenicidade , Difosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/parasitologia , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Eritrócitos/fisiologia , Genótipo , Hemólise , Humanos , Fagocitose , Agregação Plaquetária , Temperatura Ambiente , Trofozoítos/classificação , Trofozoítos/genética , Trofozoítos/patogenicidade , Trofozoítos/fisiologia
12.
An Bras Dermatol ; 95(1): 40-45, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31889591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease that is associated with cardiovascular comorbidities. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this retrospective study is to assess the C-reactive protein, monocyte-to-high-density-lipoprotein ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio as inflammatory markers in patients with psoriasis and to search for a relationship between these parameters and psoriasis severity, as defined by the psoriasis area and severity index. METHODS: There were 94 patients with psoriasis and 118 healthy controls enrolled in the study. The C-reactive protein, monocyte-to-high-density-lipoprotein ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio values of two groups were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were observed in terms of C-reactive protein, monocyte-to-high-density-lipoprotein ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio between the patient and control groups (p=0.001, p=0.003, p=0.038, and p=0.007, respectively). Positive correlations were found between the psoriasis area and severity index and the values of C-reactive protein, monocyte-to-high-density-lipoprotein ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (r: 0.381; p<0.01, r: 0.203; p<0.05, r: 0.268; p<0.01, r: 0.374; p<0.01, r: 0.294; p<0.01, respectively). STUDY LIMITATIONS: The small sample size and the retrospective design of the study are limitations. CONCLUSION: Elevated C-reactive protein, monocyte-to-high-density-lipoprotein ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio were significantly associated with psoriasis. A positive correlation between C-reactive protein and monocyte-to-high-density-lipoprotein ratio leads to the suggestion that monocyte-to-high-density-lipoprotein ratio might be a reliable parameter in psoriasis during the follow-up. The relationship between the diasease and inflammatory parameters might provide early detection of cardiovascular morbidities in psoriasis patients.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Linfócitos , Monócitos , Neutrófilos , Psoríase/sangue , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Psoríase/complicações , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
13.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 55(3): 105890, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923572

RESUMO

The involvement of platelets in anti-infectious immunity has been widely demonstrated. Molecules secreted mainly by α-granules are involved in reducing the growth of certain bacterial species. However, the effect of antiplatelet treatments on the platelet antibacterial ability remains poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the platelet antibacterial effect against Staphylococcus aureus and to evaluate the influence of antiplatelet drugs on this effect. Blood samples were collected from healthy donors or patients treated with antiplatelet therapy. Six S. aureus strains were included. Bacteria were incubated with platelets for 4 h. Colonies were counted on blood agar. The supernatant's effect was evaluated. The effect of in vitro antiplatelet agents and salicylic acid was also tested. The CD62P expression rate was evaluated under different conditions of infection and platelet treatment. Platelets slowed the growth of the six S. aureus strains (P = 0.006 for P6134, P = 0.001 for P6170 and P6138, and P = 0.003 for the other strains versus bacteria alone). The supernatant of platelets pre-infected with bacteria and that of platelets pre-treated with TRAP retained this antibacterial effect (platelet-bacteria supernatant, P = 0.018; TRAP, P = 0.011 versus bacteria alone). Treatment of platelets by antiplatelet drugs significantly decreased this antibacterial effect (aspirin, P = 0.027; ticagrelor, P = 0.0263; combination, P = 0.0092 versus untreated platelets). Salicylic acid also induced inhibition of this antibacterial effect (P = 0.042 versus untreated platelets). This study showed that antiplatelet agents decreased the antibacterial effect of platelets against S. aureus.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/sangue , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Plaquetas/imunologia , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18545, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914029

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the impact of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) on the prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) before and after intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).Pre/post-treatment and changes in inflammatory biomarker levels of 207 patients who were diagnosed with NPC and received IMRT between January 2012 and December 2014 were analyzed, and the cellular biomarker analyses were from patient blood. ROC (receiver operating characteristic) analysis was used to decide the optimal cutoff values of NLR and changes in NLR (ΔNLR) and PLR (ΔPLR). The Kaplan-Meier and logarithmic rank methods were used to compare overall survival times between groups. Univariate analysis was used to investigate the effects of age, gender, histology, Karnofsky performance score (KPS), TNM stage, clinical stage, course of disease and lymphocyte, neutrophil and platelet counts as well as alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels on the prognosis of NPC. The independent predictors of OS were determined by Cox multivariate regression analysis.The optimal cut-off values of NLR, PLR, ΔNLR and ΔPLR were 2.49, 155.82, 1.80, and 100.00, respectively. These were used to classify patients into high (NLR > 2.49) and low NLR groups (NLR < 2.49); high (PLR>155.82) and low (PLR < 155.82) PLR groups; high (ΔNLR>1.80) and low ΔNLR groups (ΔNLR < 1.80); high (ΔPLR > 100.00) and low ΔPLR groups (ΔPLR < 100.00). TNM stage, clinical stage and ALP levels were highly correlated with high NLR and PLR. Cox multivariate regression analysis suggested that the ΔNLR (HR = 2.89, 95% CI: 1.33∼2.78) was independent of the characteristics for NPC.As a novel inflammatory index, ΔNLR appears to have some predictive power for the prognosis of patients with NPC.


Assuntos
Linfócitos/efeitos da radiação , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Neutrófilos/efeitos da radiação , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Plaquetas/patologia , Plaquetas/efeitos da radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Neutrófilos/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
J Surg Res ; 246: 605-613, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platelet function tests such as thrombelastography platelet mapping and impedance aggregometry have demonstrated universal platelet dysfunction in trauma patients. In this study, we introduce the measurement of platelet contraction force as a test of platelet function. We hypothesize that force will correlate with established coagulation tests such as thrombelastography, demonstrate significant differences between healthy subjects and trauma patients, and identify critically ill trauma patients. METHODS: Blood samples were prospectively collected from level 1 trauma patients at initial presentation, assayed for force of and time to contraction and compared with thrombelastography. Blood from healthy subjects was assayed to establish a reference range. Results from trauma patients were compared with healthy controls and trauma patients that died. RESULTS: The study includes one hundred trauma patients with mean age 45 y, 74% were male, and median injury severity score of 14 ± 12. Patients that survived (n = 90) demonstrated significantly elevated platelet contraction force compared with healthy controls (n = 12) (6390 ± 2340 versus 4790 ± 470 µN, P = 0.043) and trauma patients that died (n = 10) (6390 ± 2340 versus 2860 ± 1830 µN, P = 0.0001). Elapsed time to start of platelet contraction was faster in trauma patients that survived compared with healthy controls (660 ± 467 versus 1130 ± 140 s, P = 0.0022) and those that died (660 ± 470 versus 1460 ± 1340 s, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In contrast with all existing platelet function tests reported in the literature, which report platelet dysfunction in trauma patients, contractile force demonstrates hyperfunction in surviving trauma patients and dysfunction in nonsurvivors. Platelet contraction reflects platelet metabolic reserve and thus may be a potential biomarker for survival after trauma. Contractile force warrants further investigation to predict mortality in severely injured trauma patients.


Assuntos
Transtornos Plaquetários/diagnóstico , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Transtornos Plaquetários/sangue , Transtornos Plaquetários/etiologia , Transtornos Plaquetários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Plaquetária/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Tromboelastografia , Ferimentos e Lesões/sangue , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 84(3): 536-543, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760852

RESUMO

Hydroxytyrosol (HT) and oleuropein (OLE) are natural polyphenols found in extra virgin olive oil. Accumulating evidence indicates that ingestion of olive oil contributes to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and stroke. It has been reported that HT and OLE inhibit human platelet aggregation. We have shown that collagen induces the phosphorylation of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in human platelets, resulting in the release of HSP27, an extracellular pro-inflammatory agent. In this study, we investigated the effects of HT and OLE on the collagen-stimulated human platelet activation. The PDGF-AB secretion and the soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) release by collagen were reduced by HT or OLE. HT and OLE significantly suppressed the phosphorylation of HSP27 and the release of phosphorylated-HSP27. These findings suggest that olive polyphenol reduces the collagen-stimulated phosphorylation of HSP27 in human platelets and the release. Our results may provide a novel anti- inflammatory effect of olive polyphenol.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP27/metabolismo , Olea/química , Humanos , Fosforilação
18.
Angiology ; 71(3): 249-255, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808357

RESUMO

Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the most important complications after invasive cardiovascular procedures. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) may be markers of the risk of CIN. We aimed to investigate the association of these indices with the development of CIN in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-elevation-acute coronary syndrome who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. We retrospectively collected the data of patients with ACS after coronary angiography (CA); 564 patients were included (mean age, 62.3 ± 13.0 years; 41.1% female). We compared 62 (10.9%) patients who developed CIN and 502 patients who did not, after CA in terms of NLR, PLR, and MPVLR. Patients who developed CIN had significantly higher MPVLR, NLR, and PLR; the MPVLR (P ≤ .001) was an independent predictor of CIN. NLR, MPVLR, and PLR are simple, cheap, and easily accessible tests that can predict CIN; the MPVLR was the strongest of these predictors.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Angiografia Coronária , Neutrófilos/citologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Plaquetas/citologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Volume Plaquetário Médio/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Insuficiência Renal/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal/metabolismo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(1): 104502, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor plays a critical role in repairing and maintaining healthy neurons in pathological conditions such as stroke. However, the association between cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor expression and stroke has only recently been investigated in preclinical models and is rarely described in human studies. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this were to examine neurological alterations mirrored in human blood platelet cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor gene expression. Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor is expressed in both the central nervous system and peripheral blood. Blood platelets are often used to model neuronal behavior because they exhibit biochemical impairments similar to brain tissues of patients with neurological disorders. METHODS: RNA was isolated from platelets and cDNA was synthesized to quantify cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor gene expression of 36 stroke patients compared to 72 healthy aged-matched controls through real-time PCR. Further grouping analyses of data with regard to age, sex, and medication history were performed. RESULTS: Cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor gene expression was significantly reduced in stroke patients relative to control subjects (P = .013). Subsequent analysis revealed a significant difference in expression between males and females within the control group (P = .026). Decreased cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor expression was only observed in male stroke patients compared to their sex-matched controls (P = .008). Grouping stroke patients based on their medication history did not significantly alter cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Further studies investigating cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor expression could be directed towards the interplay of the central nervous system, hematopoietic derivatives, and utilizing cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor as a therapeutic tool.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/genética , RNA Mensageiro/sangue , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Adulto Jovem
20.
Int J Radiat Biol ; 96(1): 145-154, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31021662

RESUMO

Purpose: Rapid depletion of white blood cells, platelets, and reticulocytes are hallmarks of hematopoietic injury of acute radiation syndrome (H-ARS) and, if left untreated, can lead to severe health consequences including death. While the granulocyte colony stimulating factors (G-CSF) filgrastim (Neupogen®), pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®), and sargramostim (Leukine®) are approved to increase survival in patients exposed to a myelosuppressive dose of radiation, no medical countermeasure is currently available for treatment of the thrombocytopenia that also results following radiation exposure. Romiplostim (Nplate®), a thrombopoietin receptor agonist, is the first FDA-approved thrombopoiesis-stimulating protein for the treatment of low platelet (PLT) counts in adults with chronic immune thrombocytopenia. Herein, we present the results of an analysis in mice of romiplostim as a medical countermeasure to improve survival and PLT recovery following acute radiation.Materials and methods: Male and female C57BL/6J mice (11 - 12 weeks of age, n = 21/sex/group) were total body irradiated (TBI) with 6.8 Gy X-rays that reduces 30-day survival to 30% (LD70/30). Vehicle, romiplostim, and/or pegfilgrastim were administered subcutaneously beginning 24 h after TBI for 1-5 days. Evaluation parameters included 30-day survival, pharmacokinetics, and hematology.Results: Full or maximal efficacy with an ∼40% increase in survival was achieved after a single 30 µg/kg dose of romiplostim. No further survival benefit was seen with higher (100 µg/kg) or more frequent dosing (3 or 5 once daily doses at 30 µg/kg) of romiplostim or combined treatment with pegfilgrastim. Pharmacodynamic analysis revealed that the platelet nadir was not as low and recovery was faster in the irradiated mice treated with romiplostim when compared with irradiated control animals (Day 8 versus 10 nadir; Day 22 versus 29 recovery to near baseline). Platelet volume also increased more rapidly after romiplostim injection. Kinetic profiles of other hematology parameters were similar between TBI romiplostim-treated and control mice. Peak serum levels of romiplostim in TBI mice occurred 4 - 24 h (Tmax) after injection with a t1/2 of ∼24 h. Cmax values were at ∼6 ng/ml after 30 µg/kg ± TBI and ∼200 ng/ml after 300 µg/kg. A 10-fold higher romiplostim dose increased the AUClast values by ∼35-fold.Conclusion: A single injection of romiplostim administered 24 h after TBI is a promising radiation medical countermeasure that dramatically increased survival, with or without pegfilgrastim, and hastened PLT recovery in mice.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas/efeitos da radiação , Contramedidas Médicas , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Trombopoetina/farmacologia , Animais , Plaquetas/citologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Interações de Medicamentos , Feminino , Filgrastim/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Contagem de Plaquetas , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Receptores Fc , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacocinética , Análise de Sobrevida , Trombopoetina/farmacocinética , Raios X/efeitos adversos
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