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3.
Cas Lek Cesk ; 158(3-4): 133-137, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416320

RESUMO

The article deals with a new social phenomenon that began to emerge after 1989 - postponing parenthood to later age. Attention in text is paid to the characteristic features of contemporary parenting with an emphasis on the higher age of parents. Selected psychological contexts related to higher age of parents, especially psychological development of preschool children is outlined. The importance of individual parental care for a small child and the common time of children with their parents and changes in parental roles in the intergenerational context and the current problems of parental influence on the child are mentioned as well.


Assuntos
Idade Materna , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar , Pais , Idade Paterna , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Cognição , Humanos
4.
BMC Psychol ; 7(1): 39, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Significant gaps exist in education for prospective and new parents, especially for some of the most vulnerable families. Prospective parents would like more information during pregnancy to prepare them for parenting, and need access to trusted and quality information. The Royal Women's Hospital (the Women's) in Melbourne, Australia, a large tertiary referral maternity hospital, developed a parenting education kit known as 'Growing Together'. The kit, designed to guide prospective and new parents from conception until 1 year after birth, includes three components: an A4 sized book, a specifically designed 'App' and a children's story book. We aim to evaluate the impact of the kit on a range of outcomes. METHODS: A two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial will be used. Antenatal clinic days will be randomised to either the intervention or standard care arms. Women in the intervention arm receive the kit at their antenatal booking visit. Women in the standard care arm receive the standard information resources at the Women's. Analyses will be by intention to treat. INCLUSION CRITERIA: primiparous women with adequate English-speaking ability and ≤ 30 weeks' gestation at first pregnancy booking appointment. The primary outcome of the study is the 'experience of motherhood questionnaire' (EMQ), a 20 item validated self-report measure, ranging from 0 to 80, with lower scores indicating better maternal health and wellbeing. To detect a 10% difference in new mothers scoring ≤40 between women who have received the kit (60%) and those who have not (50%), would require 408 per group (total of 816 women) with 95% confidence and 80% power. Allowing for loss to follow up, we aim to recruit 1000 mothers. Secondary outcomes include parents' views and experiences of their care and of the kit during pregnancy and after the birth, parental attachment, knowledge, confidence, wellbeing and health-seeking behaviour; and emotional, developmental and physical health of the infant. Survey data will be collected from mothers at 2, 6 and 12 months postpartum and partners at 6 months. DISCUSSION: This study will provide much needed high-level evidence on the impact of a comprehensive education resource for new parents. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ANZCTRN12615000270516 - Retrospectively registered (23/03/2015); trial started on 16 March 2015.


Assuntos
Educação não Profissionalizante , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar , Adulto , Austrália , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi ; 66(5): 237-245, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189785

RESUMO

Objective This study aimed to clarify the effectiveness of the Stepping Stones Triple P (SSTP) for mothers of developmentally delayed children.Methods The participants were 36 mothers of children using a development support classroom after a medical examination in A city. The children, aged 2 to 6 years old, were suspected to have autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based on Pervasive Developmental Disorders Autism Society Japan Rating Scale (PARS) scores of 9 points or more. The investigation randomly assigned them to two groups-"the intervention group" and "the control group"-and carried out SSTP. The intervention group answered the questionnaire before and after intervention, three months later. The control group also answered the questionnaire 2 months before the intervention, before and after intervention. Thus, each group answered three times. The questionnaire used the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a Parenting Style scale (PS), the Relationship Quality Index (RQI), and the Japanese version of a Maltreatment scale (JM). For effectiveness of the intervention before and after, an analysis of covariance was carried out on the scores from the first and second questionnaires in the intervention and control groups. For effectiveness 3 months after the intervention, a repeated-measures analysis of variance was performed on the scale scores from the first to the third questionnaire in the intervention group.Results The average age of the children was 3.7±1.4 years old, and the average PARS score was 20±6.8. They were suspected to have ASD. The average SDQ score was 76.1±18.8, and their intelligence was borderline. A significant difference was seen before and after the intervention in SDQ (the issue of action, the total of the difficulty), PS (overreaction, gab, general score), and JM scores; no significant difference was seen in RQI scores. Three months after the intervention, a lasting effect was seen in SDQ (the issue of action, the total of the difficulty, hyperkinetic) and PS (all items) scores in the intervention group.Conclusions Receiving SSTP caused a positive change in the mothers' parenting and improved the problem behavior of the children. It was suggested that SSTP was connected to the prevention of child abuse because it helped stop parents from hitting their children.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Relações Mãe-Filho , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 701, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parental support is an important element in overweight prevention programs for children. The purpose of this study was to examine everyday life situations in which mothers encounter difficulties encouraging healthy energy balance-related behavior in their school-age children. METHODS: We formed four focus groups containing 6-9 participants each. The participants were mothers of Dutch, Turkish, or Moroccan descent with a child 8-13 years of age. All focus group sessions were recorded, transcribed, and coded. Content was analyzed conventionally using ATLAS.ti 6. RESULTS: Twenty-seven difficult everyday life situations were identified in 14 settings. The five most frequently reported situations were a daily struggle regarding eating vegetables, eating breakfast on time before going to school, eating candy and snacks between meals, and spending excessive time watching television and using the computer. A perceived loss of parental control, the inability to establish rules and the failure to consistently enforce those rules were the most commonly cited reasons for why the mothers experience these situations as being difficult. CONCLUSIONS: We identified five difficult everyday life situations related to healthy energy balance-related behavior. These five difficult situations were used as the input for developing a web-based parenting program designed to prevent children from becoming overweight. We reasoned that if we use these situations and the underlying reasons, many parents would recognize these situations and are willing to learn how to deal with them and complete the e-learning.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Mães/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/etnologia , Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Refeições/psicologia , Marrocos/etnologia , Países Baixos/etnologia , Sobrepeso/prevenção & controle , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Poder Familiar/etnologia , Percepção , Turquia/etnologia
7.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 710, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The changes in China's family planning policy in recent years have led to changes in the age structure of pregnant women, and the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) is also on the rise. Cognitive Behaviour Training (CBT) as an effective intervention is widely used for postpartum depression. However, the shortage and health disparities of mental health resources, the stigma of postpartum depression in postpartum women and the need for postpartum recovery and child care prevent postpartum women from seeking traditional face-to-face CBT. Therefore, the purpose of this proposed study is to examine the effect of mobile phone applications (App) based CBT on postpartum depression, anxiety, pressure and parenting sense of competence. METHODS: A double blind, randomized controlled trial will be used in this study to examine the effectiveness of App-based CBT in reducing the prevalence of postpartum depression compared with usual postpartum care in China. A total of 120 participants will be recruited in this study. The intervention consists of a weekly theme module app for continuous six weeks, each module including learning content and assignments. The control group received usual postpartum care content through the App. Outcome measures include postpartum depression, anxiety, pressure and parenting sense of competence at 0-, 3- and 6-month after the intervention. DISCUSSION: If our intervention is effective, it will provide a time-friendly and unrestricted intervention for the psychological care of perinatal women, which can effectively solve the shortage and unevenness of mental health resources. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1900020735 . Registered 15 January 2019.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Depressão Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Aplicativos Móveis , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Ansiedade/psicologia , China , Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
8.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 712, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period of elevated stress sensitivity, which places adolescents at increased risk of developing mental health problems such as burnout, depression, anxiety, and externalizing problems. Early intervention of psychological needs and low-threshold care addressing such needs may prevent this dysfunctional development. Schools may provide an important environment to identify and address psychological needs. The aim of this protocol is to describe the design of a study aiming to evaluate the effectiveness of low-threshold school-based skills-training programs promoting the mental health of adolescents and to examine moderators of the effectiveness. METHODS: A Randomized Controlled Trial will be conducted to examine the effectiveness of two school-based skills-training programs aiming to promote mental health by improving either skills to deal with performance anxiety or social skills. A multi-informant (i.e., students, parents, and trainers) and multi-method (i.e., questionnaires and physiological measurements) approach will be used to assess program targets (skills to deal with performance anxiety or social skills), direct program outcomes (performance or social anxiety) and mental health outcomes (i.e., stress, internalizing and externalizing problems, self-esteem and well-being), as well as specific moderators (i.e., student, parent and program characteristics, social support, perfectionism, stressful life events, perceived parental pressure, positive parenting behavior, treatment alliance and program integrity). DISCUSSION: The current study will provide information on the effectiveness of school-based skills-training programs. It is of crucial importance that the school environment can provide students with effective, low-threshold intervention programs to promote adolescents' daily functioning and well-being and prevent the emergence of mental health problems that negatively affect school performance. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Dutch Trial Register number NL7438 . Registered 12 December 2018.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Instituições Acadêmicas , Habilidades Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 22(1): 82-94, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-989076

RESUMO

Resumen El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo describir el funcionamiento familiar, la relación conyugal y la coparentalidad en familias, además de identificar las asociaciones entre estas variables con problemas emocionales y comportamentales en niños de 5 a 11 años. En total, se entrevistó a 50 madres cuyos hijos seguían tratamiento psicológico en los Servicios de Salud Pública. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron el FACES IV, la Entrevista de Identificación Familiar, el SDQ, la Escala de Relación Coparental, el Inventario de Percepción Parental (PPI) y la Escala Floreal. Los resultados señalan que el funcionamiento familiar enmarañado se encuentra correlacionado con síntomas de hiperactividad y con problemas relacionales y conductuales en el niño; mientras que una buena relación madre-hijo correlaciona negativamente con síntomas de hiperactividad y dificultades emocionales; y las prácticas educativas negativas correlacionan positivamente con problemas de comportamiento, síntomas de hiperactividad, y problemas emocionales y de conducta. Finalmente, el funcionamiento familiar enmarañado tuvo mayor repercusión en los síntomas de problemas de conducta y de relación con pares. Los resultados sugieren que diferentes tipos de problemas emocionales y comportamentales del niño son influenciados e influencian diferentemente la dinámica familiar, y que el funcionamiento de la familia está asociado con la salud mental del niño.


Abstract This study aimed to describe family functioning, marital relationship and coparenting in families, and identify the associations of these variables with the emotional and behavioral problems of children aged 5 to 11 years. 50 mothers whose children received psychological treatment in Public Health Services were interviewed. The instruments used were: FACES IV, Family Identification Interview, SDQ, Co-parenting Relationship Scale, Parent Perception Inventory (PPI) and Floreal Scale. Results showed that enmeshed family functioning was correlated with hyperactivity symptoms, relationship problems, and conduct problems of the child. Good mother-child relationship was negatively associated with symptoms of hyperactivity and emotional difficulties. Negative educational practices were positively correlated with behavioral problems, symptoms of hyperactivity, emotional and behavioral problems. Entangled family functioning had greater repercussion on symptoms of behavior problems and issues in relating with peers. Results suggest that different types of child's emotional and behavioral problems are influenced and influence family dynamics differently. Findings show that family functioning is associated with the child's mental health.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo descrever o funcionamento familiar, a relação conjugal e a coparentalidade em famílias, além de identificar as associações entre essas variáveis com problemas emocionais e comportamentais em crianças de 5 a 11 anos. No total, foram entrevistadas 50 mães cujos filhos seguiam tratamento psicológico nos Serviços de Saúde Pública. Os instrumentos utilizados foram FACES IV, a Entrevista de Identificação Familiar, o SDQ, a Escala de Relação Coparental, o Inventário de Percepção Parental (PPI) e a Escala Floreal. Os resultados indicam que o funcionamento familiar emaranhado se encontra correlacionado com sintomas de hiperatividade e com problemas de relacionamento e de conduta na criança; enquanto uma boa relação mãe-filho correlaciona negativamente com sintomas de hiperatividade e dificuldades emocionais; as práticas educativas negativas correlacionam positivamente com problemas de comportamento, emocionais e sintomas de hiperatividade. Finalmente, o funcionamento familiar emaranhado teve maior repercussão nos sintomas de problemas de conduta e de relacionamento com pares. Os resultados sugerem que diferentes tipos de problemas emocionais e comportamentais da criança são influenciados e influenciam diferentemente a dinâmica familiar, e que o funcionamento da família está associado com a saúde mental da criança.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Adulto , Saúde Mental , Saúde da Família , Poder Familiar , Relações Familiares
10.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(1): 75-82, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the developmental characteristics of resilience in children aged 3-5, and to explore the relationship between temperament, parenting style and resilience. METHODS: A total of 570 preschoolers aged 3-5 years in Hangzhou participated in this study. The children's teachers completed the assessment of the resilience scale of DECA-P2 (Devereux Early Childhood Assessment for Preschoolers Second Edition); the children's parents completed assessment of temperament questionnaire CBQ (Children's Behavior Questionnaire) and parenting style questionnaire PSDQ (Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire). RESULTS: Totally 432 valid questionnaires were retrieved with a recovery rate of 75.79%. The levels of initiative and self-regulation of 5-y children were higher than those of children aged 3 or 4 (all P<0.01); the level of attachment/relationship of 5-y children was higher than that of children aged 4 (P<0.01); the levels of initiative and self-regulation of girls were higher than those of boys (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The negative affect dimension of temperament was negatively correlated with resilience (all P<0.05), while the effortful control and authoritative parenting styles were positively correlated with resilience (all P<0.05). The negative affect and effortful control were able to partially predict resilience of children through authoritative parenting style (mediating effect were-0.0143 and 0.0363). CONCLUSIONS: Preschoolers aged 3-5 years with different age and gender show differences in resilience, and parenting styles may play a mediating effect between temperament and resilience.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Resiliência Psicológica , Temperamento , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 49(2): 137-148, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31064967

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a reinforcement program for behavioral skills in postpartum care for couples with their first baby. METHODS: The study used a non-equivalent control group and pretest-posttest design. It was conducted from January 14 to April 10, 2016 at a postpartum care center in D city. It analyzed 43 couples (22 in the experimental group and 21 in the control group.) For data analysis, descriptive statistics, test of homogeneity in pretest, independent t-tests, and repeated measures ANOVA were used. RESULTS: For maternal fulfillment of postpartum care and postpartum fatigue, there was no significant difference in the interaction between group and time. In terms of parent-newborns attachment, the interaction between group and time showed a significant difference for mothers (F=13.63, p=.001) and fathers (F=6.51, p=.001). In marital intimacy, the interaction between group and time showed a significant difference for mothers (F=14.40, p<.001) and fathers (F=9.46, p=.004). In parenting stress, the interaction between group and time showed a significant difference for mothers (F=31.8, p<.001) and fathers (F=11.69, p=.001). A significant difference was found for the mothers' postpartum sleeping hours (F=0.14 p=.004). CONCLUSION: This program for behavioral skills in postpartum care, which is based on the information-motivation-behavioral skills model, improves postpartum care, parent-newborn attachment, marital intimacy, parenting stress, and maternal postpartum sleeping, by reinforcing behavioral skills required for postpartum care.


Assuntos
Cuidado Pós-Natal , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Adulto , Pai/psicologia , Fadiga , Feminino , Humanos , Mães/psicologia , Poder Familiar , Reforço (Psicologia) , Sono , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Cross Cult Gerontol ; 34(2): 131-148, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134463

RESUMO

Native American grandparents by tradition are expected to play a role in rearing grandchildren. However, in many Native grandfamilies, grandparents are rearing grandchildren not by choice or tradition, but as the result of family crises that necessitated grandparent intervention. European American grandparents have likewise been called to rear their grandchildren when their adult children are unable or unwilling to perform parental duties. Less is known about these custodial grandparents' resilience pathways, particularly among rural grandfamilies. Guided by the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment, and Adaptation, this study examined the relationships between stressors, resources, and resilience among rural Native and European American custodial grandparents. Correlates of resilience were economic stress and stress management. Significant interactions were found between economic stress and government assistance and economic stress and stress management, indicating complex resilience pathways. Implications of study findings for research and intervention are discussed.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Custódia da Criança , Educação Infantil/etnologia , Família/psicologia , Avós/psicologia , Relação entre Gerações/etnologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Cuidadores , Criança , Educação Infantil/psicologia , Família/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Índios Norte-Americanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poder Familiar , População Rural , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
14.
Reprod Health ; 16(1): 66, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31113436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While parents are a crucial part of the social environment in which adolescents live, learn and earn, they could play important roles in efforts to prevent adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) risk behaviors and promote healthy development. Involving parents in prevention programs to risky SRH practices in adolescents requires understanding of the effect of different parenting practices and styles on these behaviors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between various aspects of perceived parenting and self-reported engagement in sexual risk behavior among adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was employed among 406 randomly selected 14-19 years old high school adolescents in Legehida district, Northeast Ethiopia from 15 February to 15 March/ 2016. Structured and pre-tested self-administered questionnaire adapted from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance questionnaire was used for the data collection. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis with odds ratio along with the confidence interval of 95% were used. P-value < 0.05 were considered for statistical significance. RESULTS: About two-third (64.5%) of the participants reported that they had ever had sex. Nearly half (48.6%) of the participants who were currently sexually active reported that they engaged in at least one type of risky sexual behavior. Specifically, 42.7% reported starting sexual life earlier, 32.2% having more sexual partners in the past 12 months and 23.8% never used condom during the most recent sexual intercourse. High quality parent─adolescent relationships (AOR = 0.53; 95% CI (0.45-0.63) and authoritative form of parenting (AOR = 0.74; 95% CI (0.61-0.92) were associated with lower odds of engaging in risky sexual behaviors in adolescents. The odds of risky sexual behaviors were about three-fold higher in adolescents who perceived parental knowledge as poor (AOR = 2.97; 95% CI (1.51-4.25) and to some extent (AOR = 3.00; 95% CI (1.43-5.55) toward SRH than those whose parents were very knowledgeable. Adolescents with poor behavioral beliefs on SRH issues had a 37% increased odds of engaging in risky sexual behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, to engage the parents within preventive interventions design to support healthy SRH behaviors among adolescents, the role of authoritative parenting style, and improved quality of parent-adolescent relationship, as well as improving adolescents' behavioral beliefs and parental knowledge towards SRH are essential.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Saúde Sexual , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Razão de Chances , Assunção de Riscos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes
15.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 68(4): 305-315, 2019 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044672

RESUMO

For the Benefit of the Children - Judical Requested Counselling of High Conflict Parents in Educational- and Family-Counselling Educational- and Family Counselling supports families as assistance for parenting for a successful growing up of children. Family Counselling is a voluntary offer, which is provided by a multi professional team. The counselling is confidential and bound to secrecy. According to the regulations of the law concerning the proceedings in family cases and the non-contentious jurisdiction (FamFG) the court has several options for action, such as, for example, to order a counselling in the context of child and youth service. Court related inquiries have led to advancement in Educational- and Family Counselling. In the article basic aspects of specific approaches are described.


Assuntos
Psiquiatria do Adolescente/legislação & jurisprudência , Psiquiatria Infantil/legislação & jurisprudência , Aconselhamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Terapia Familiar , Poder Familiar , Pais/educação , Pais/psicologia , Adolescente , Psiquiatria do Adolescente/métodos , Criança , Psiquiatria Infantil/métodos , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia
16.
Arch. Health Invest ; 8(4): 203-209, abr. 2019.
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1007074

RESUMO

Aborda-se neste artigo a situação de crianças e adolescentes que são vítimas de Alienação Parental. A Alienação Parental (AP) consiste em interferência na formação psicológica da criança ou do adolescente, praticada por um dos genitores, parentes ou por quem exerça autoridade, com o objetivo de fazer com que o menor repudie o outro genitor, tendo geralmente motivação egoísta de vingança e desentendimentos que marcam o término dos vínculos conjugais. A legislação brasileira combate essa nociva prática na Lei 12.318/2010, mediante utilização de recursos interdisciplinares que envolvem o direito, a psicologia, ciências sociais e demais ciências úteis à preservação dos menores envolvidos(AU)


The article addresses the situation of children and adolescents who are victims of Parental Alienation. Parental Alienation consists of interference in the psychological formation of the child or adolescent, practiced by one of the parents, relatives or by those who exercise authority, with the purpose of causing the minor to repudiate the other parent, generally having a selfish motivation for revenge and disagreements which mark the end of marital bonds. The Brazilian legislation fights this harmful practice in Law 12.318 / 2010, through the use of interdisciplinary resources that involve law, psychology, social sciences and other sciences useful for the preservation of the minors involved(AU)


Este artículo aborda la situación de los niños y adolescentes que son víctimas de la alienación parental. La Alienación Parental (AP) consiste en una interferencia en la formación psicológica del niño o adolescente, practicada por uno de los padres, familiares o por quienes ejercen la autoridad, con el propósito de hacer que el menor repudie al otro padre, generalmente con una motivación egoísta. Venganza y desacuerdos que marcan el fin de los vínculos matrimoniales. La legislación brasileña combate esta práctica perjudicial en la Ley 12.318 / 2010, mediante el uso de recursos interdisciplinarios que involucran leyes, psicología, ciencias sociales y otras ciencias útiles para la preservación de los menores involucrados(AU)


Assuntos
Alienação Social , Poder Familiar , Relações Familiares
17.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(1): 19-30, jan.-abr. 2019. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-986225

RESUMO

RESUMO: A partir da literatura psicanalítica, são discutidas as consequências da incidência do ideal médico-científico contemporâneo e da subjetividade dos pais para a constituição do sujeito-criança. Objetiva-se demonstrar que, na contramão do ideal médico-científico que trata a criança como objeto de intervenção, a psicanálise escuta essa criança - sua voz e seu discurso - como um sujeito que tem o que dizer sobre sua falta de atenção e hiperatividade. Conclui-se que, para se constituir como sujeito desejante, a criança deveria ser tomada como extimidade, como sujeito do próprio discurso e construtora de um saber peculiar acerca de seu sintoma.


Abstract: From the psychoanalytic literature, the consequences of the incidence of the contemporary medical-scientific knowledge and of the subjectivity of the parents to the constitution of the subject-child are discussed. The objective is to demonstrate that, contrary to the medical-scientific knowledge that treats the child as an intervention object, psychoanalysis listens to this child - his voice and his speech - as a subject who has to say about his lack of attention and hyperactivity. It is concluded that, in order to constitute itself as a desiring subject, the child should be taken as expeciality, as the subject of the discourse itself and as the constructor of a peculiar knowledge about its symptom.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Criança , Poder Familiar
18.
Psychol Psychother ; 92(2): 238-260, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is considerable evidence that early parenting has profound effects on a range of physiological and psychological maturation processes. Furthermore, psychotherapy often addresses some of the distortions and developmental difficulties that have arisen from early childhood. While research has focused on obvious candidates such as abuse and neglect, this paper reviews some of the core themes related to a less investigated area, specifically parental shame on child development. Role shame sensitive parenting styles will be explored against an evolutionary background that contrasts early human and modern human rearing contexts. We also outline a study examining the role of shame in psychological controlling and dysfunctional parenting styles, its relationship to different dimensions of shame and fears of compassion. DESIGN: An online survey was conducted containing self-report measures of dysfunctional parenting styles, three dimensions of shame (external, internal, and reflected), fears of compassion, mental health indices, and a measure of psychological flexibility. METHODS: An online survey was accessed by 333 parents (306 being female) with a child between the ages of 3-9 years. RESULTS: Two hierarchical multiple regressions indicated support for our two primary hypotheses, with shame explaining significant variance in both psychological controlling and dysfunctional parenting styles over and above that explained by psychological inflexibility, parental mental health, and fears of compassion. Additionally, results from standard multiple regressions indicated that fears of compassion account for significant variance in external shame, as well as internal and reflected shame. CONCLUSIONS: Recommendations for future research include focusing on parental motivation in order to help support parents and children are provided. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Shame is a major factor for how parents engage in parenting practices and respond to their children Practitioners need to be sensitive to the shame parents can experience and asses for it Assessing shame-threat in parenting and shifting to compassionate motivation can lead to more responsive and positive parenting.


Assuntos
Empatia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Psicoterapia , Vergonha , Adulto , Evolução Biológica , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Cultura , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(4): 422-426, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006202

RESUMO

Objective: To characterize the relations between the practice of parenting and associated factors on children (0-5 years old) in urban areas of China, in order to provide evidence for promoting the early development of children and to provide positive guidance and service programs on parenting. Methods: A total of 4 515 parents from 15 cities (14 provinces) were surveyed with a self-administered questionnaire. Parenting and Family Adjustment Scales (PAFAS) was used, including parameters as: consistency and coercive parenting, positive encouragement, parent-child relationship and parental emotion adjustment, family relationship and parental teamwork aspects, etc. Both single factor analysis and multiple linear regression were used to examine the associations between parenting practice, individual, parental and family factors. Results: The mean score of PAFAS was 21.00 (15.00-28.00), associated with factors as children's age, only-child family, premature delivery, father's education level, confidence on parenting, problems regarding the parental mood, annual family income, family structure and behavior on seeking professional help, etc. Results showed that there were big differences on the practice of parenting in China and influenced by variety of factors. Conclusions: The general situation of parenting was well, in the urban areas of China. The practice of parenting was associated with a series of individual, parental and family factors. Programs on improving the parenting skills and promoting the early development of children, should be highlighted.


Assuntos
Educação Infantil , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pais , População Urbana
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31010068

RESUMO

The psychometric properties of the Parental Smartphone Use Management Scale (PSUMS) and its prospective relationships with symptoms of smartphone addiction and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were studies in a sample of parents of adolescents with ADHD. This is a scale to measure parents' perceived self-efficacy on managing their children's smartphone use. Construct validity (exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis), criterion-related validity (known-group validity and concurrent validity), and reliability (Cronbach's alpha) were performed for data analyses. The results showed that the PSUMS had good factorials validity and high reliabilities, with Cronbach's alphas ranging between 0.93 and 0.95. The 17-item PSUMS accounted for 78.58% of the total variance and contains three theoretically and statistically appropriate subscales: reactive management, proactive management, and monitoring. Strong relationships were found between parental smartphone use management and symptoms of smartphone addiction and ADHD in expected directions. Moreover, parents of children with smartphone addiction yielded lower scores on all three PSUMS subscales than parents of children without smartphone addiction. The PSUMS is considered a valuable and reliable tool in the study of parental management on their adolescent children's smartphone use, while providing us with important targets for intervention.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/terapia , Poder Familiar , Pais , Autoeficácia , Smartphone , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico , Criança , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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