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1.
Recurso educacional aberto em Espanhol | CVSP - Argentina | ID: oer-4082

RESUMO

La Diplomatura en Equidad de Género en Salud es una propuesta pedagógica que pretende generar un espacio de reflexión de las prácticas en salud desde una perspectiva feminista, transfeminista e interseccional. Está destinada a trabajadorxs de salud, docentes, activistas y referentes de la comunidad. La iniciativa -que surgió desde la Dirección de Equidad de Género en Salud y la Escuela de Gobierno en Salud Floreal Ferrara, ambos espacios del Ministerio de Salud bonaerense; y la Universidad Nacional de La Plata- promueve una activa participación de les estudiantes, en el marco de una pedagogía rondera y reflexiva


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Entorno do Parto , Parto
2.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 592, 2022 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064392

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: In the face of the new environment, different individuals have different reactions. Those who have good adaptability constantly establish individual self-efficacy through making friends and completing their studies, thus forming a good dependency with the university environment. However, individuals with poor ability to adapt to the new environment will have some bad phenomena, such as truancy, weariness and self denial. As a result, the students' adaptations of to the growth environment where in universities are the important topics in recent years. METHODS: Present study introduces irrational beliefs to investigate the effects of parenting mode on maladaptation of university students. The questionnaires based on simplified parenting mode (Chinese), irrational belief and adaptability were administered in a survey of 510 university students in Zhanjiang on October, 2021, the list of students of Guangdong Ocean University is taken as the sampling frame and determined by random sampling. Parenting mode was used as the independent variable, while the emotionally warm, overprotective and rejecting types were used as the indices. Further, the irrational beliefs including summary comments, awful beliefs and low tolerance to setbacks as well as maladaptation were included in the mediation model for analysis. RESULTS: The results showed that the rejection parenting mode was negatively related with absolute requirements (r = - 0.143), and learning motivation (r = - 0.157), interpersonal adaptation (r = - 0.283) and physical and psychological adjustment (r = - 0.083). Overprotection was negatively correlated with absolute requirements (r = - 0.042) and interpersonal adaptation (r = - 0.042). The mediating effect of irrational beliefs (low tolerance to setbacks, awful beliefs and absolute requirements), the lower and upper limits of Bootstrap confidence interval were 0.135 and 0.461, respectively, excluding 0, which indicated that the mediating effect is true. CONCLUSION: Through the analysis of the data, this study believes that irrational beliefs such as low tolerance to setbacks, awful beliefs and absolute requirements mediate the effects on school adjustment. Negative parenting modes such as overprotection and rejection inculcate irrational beliefs, resulting in maladaptation of university students.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Estudantes , Adaptação Psicológica , Humanos , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
3.
Addict Sci Clin Pract ; 17(1): 49, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need for interventions helping children affected by parental problematic alcohol consumption (PAC). Such interventions could target partners to individuals with PAC, partners who often themselves show impaired quality of life and mental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an online self-directed intervention combining components from Community Reinforcement Approach and Family Training (CRAFT) with a parenting training program for concerned significant others (CSOs) sharing a child with a co-parent with PAC. METHODS: A randomized controlled parallel-group superiority trial compared the efficacy of the online intervention for CSOs sharing a child (3-11 y/o) with a co-parent with PAC (N = 37), to an active control group (N = 39) receiving written psychoeducational material. Assessment of outcomes was conducted at baseline, 3 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks. Primary outcome was children's mental health, while secondary outcomes included parental self-efficacy, CSO mental health and co-parent alcohol consumption and level of dependence. Linear mixed effect models with a factorial time variable were used to model time by group interaction effects. RESULTS: Recruitment rate was slow and a vast majority of interested CSOs were excluded at baseline assessment, mainly due experience of co-parent violence. The target sample size was not met. The intention to treat analysis did not show any significant time by group effects on either the primary or secondary outcomes during the follow-up period: the CSOs reported a significant reduction in co-parent alcohol consumption and severity of alcohol dependence and showed significant improvements in parental self-efficacy for how to handle effects of co-parent alcohol consumption, but no differences were found between the two conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The current study found no evidence supporting efficacy of a novel, online self-directed intervention on children's mental health, CSO mental health and co-parent alcohol related outcomes. Engaging in a support program or receiving information appears to initiate behavior change in the CSOs which affects the alcohol consumption and severity of dependence for co-parents with PAC. It is suggested that future studies may preferably focus on CSOs in more severely affected contexts. Trial registration The trial was pre-registered at isrctn.com reference number ISRCTN38702517, November 28, 2017.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Poder Familiar , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/terapia , Alcoolismo/psicologia , Alcoolismo/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/educação , Pais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Bull Menninger Clin ; 86(3): 249-281, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047938

RESUMO

The term Failure to launch (FTL) has been used to describe abled adults who do not work, do not attend school, and live with- and at the expense of-their parents. FTL can be beneficially addressed through parent training, a treatment method that is rarely used with adults (i.e., individuals past the age of majority). The authors first review the goals of parent training programs offered to parents of adults. The review demonstrates that these goals dovetail with key aspects of FTL. The authors then describe a new parent training approach for parents of individuals with FTL, based on SPACE (Supportive Parenting for Anxious Childhood Emotions). They highlight five key components of SPACE-FTL: Psychoeducation, Reducing Parental Accommodation, Increasing Parental Support, De-Escalation, and Engaging Supporters. The authors conclude by discussing SPACE-FTL in relation and comparison to other parent training programs and their components.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Pais , Criança , Emoções , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Occup Ther Int ; 2022: 8274445, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051091

RESUMO

It is aimed at studying the role of parenting style on the career planning of vocational students in the context of information technology. This design takes the first-year and second-year students of two higher vocational colleges as the survey objects. From the perspective of educational psychology, firstly, the parenting style scale of these students is constructed, and meanwhile, the dimension design of career planning is carried out. Secondly, through the questionnaire survey, the career planning of students and the status quo of parenting styles are investigated, and the sample data are statistically analyzed by data analysis methods such as standard deviation analysis, cluster analysis, and correlation analysis. Finally, hypotheses are formulated and justified. The results reveal that the total score for career planning and the average score of each dimension are more than 3 points, indicating that vocational students have certain plans for their future careers. There are great differences in the gender of parenting styles, and the parental acceptance/involvement (t = 3.389, p < 0.01) dimension of the parenting style of the first-year students is greatly higher than that of the second-year students. On the dimension of psychological autonomy (t = -2.066, p < 0.05), the score of second-year students is distinctly higher than that of the first year. There are obvious differences in grades from the dimensions of parental acceptance/participation and psychological autonomy. There is no observable difference in whether it is an only child (p > 0.05) and the place of origin (p > 0.05). In terms of the total score and each dimension of career planning, the authoritative type scored the highest, and the neglect type scored the lowest. Parents' participation and acceptance behavior of vocational students are markedly related to their career planning. Parental punishment and acceptance are distinctly positively correlated with the career planning of these students and their two dimensions. Psychological autonomy is memorably associated with the domain of exploration.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Poder Familiar , Criança , Humanos , Tecnologia da Informação , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Psicologia Educacional , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Lancet Haematol ; 9(9): e644, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055330

Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Humanos
7.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274001, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Childhood epilepsy is a serious and common neurological condition and can have life-long consequences and its impact can pervade all aspects of family life. Whilst the medical management of seizures is important, much of the day-to-day home management of epilepsy is invisible to people external to the family, including health care professionals, and parents'/caregivers' fears and concerns can go unacknowledged and unaddressed by health care professionals. OBJECTIVE: This objective of this review was to examine parents'/caregivers' fears and concerns regarding their child's epilepsy, the impact of these fears and concerns on family life, the social and emotional well-being of parents/caregivers and any factors which mitigate these fears and concerns. DESIGN: Scoping review using a modified version of Arksey and O'Malley's framework. DATA SOURCES: Relevant studies were identified using key search terms in Scopus, Medline, CINAHL and PsychInfo databases in March 2021 with hand checking of reference lists. Search terms were developed using population (parents/caregivers of children aged ≤ 18 years with epilepsy, families); concept (parents'/caregivers' fears, concerns, anxiety about their child's epilepsy); and context (any setting). A further search was run in April 2022. Other inclusion criteria: English language empirical studies, 2010-2021. STUDY APPRAISAL METHODS: A minimum of two reviewers independently screened articles and undertook data extraction and decisions were consensually made. Methodological quality appraisal was undertaken using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool v2018. A data extraction table was created to chart all studies. The conduct and reporting of this study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidance for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) (S1 Table). There is no published copy of the review protocol. MAIN FINDINGS: The search identified a total of 4077 papers (after duplicates were removed) of which 110 were assessed for eligibility. Twenty-four papers published between 2010-2021 were included in the review and each paper was treated as a separate study. The review findings indicate that parents'/caregivers' fears and concerns stem from more than their child's seizures and relate to many wider aspects of family life. These fears and concerns had far-reaching influences on their parenting/caregiving, and on the lifestyle and activities of their child and their family. What was less evident was what parents/caregivers wanted in terms of support or how they thought health professionals could acknowledge and/or allay their fears and concerns. The discussion is framed within the compassion-focused therapy model as a basis for generating new thinking about the impact of these fears and concerns and the need for a new agenda for clinical consultations in childhood epilepsy. CONCLUSIONS: The review concludes with a proposal that a more compassionate agenda underpins the dialogue between parents/caregivers and clinicians to encompass and mitigate the wider emotional, psychosocial, and societal threats that impact on the parent/caregivers of children with epilepsy.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Epilepsia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Criança , Medo , Humanos , Poder Familiar , Pais/psicologia , Convulsões
8.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(5): 316-325, Sep-Oct 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-207826

RESUMO

Objetivo: Conocer y profundizar en la valoración, la experiencia y la vivencia de las mujeres de etnia gitana con la lactancia materna. Método: Estudio cualitativo con un enfoque fenomenológico interpretativo, a través de la realización de un grupo focal en el que participaron 6 madres de etnia gitana usuarias del Centro de Salud de Fuente de San Luis de la ciudad de Valencia. Resultados: Las barreras descritas por estas madres en cuanto a la lactancia refieren: una falta de apoyo familiar, una asociación del amamantamiento al sacrificio y a la dependencia del bebé al pecho. De los relatos de estas madres se percibe un desinterés por la lactancia, y una falta de confianza en su propia biología que, unido a una escasa participación en las actividades de educación maternal, han supuesto las barreras que mayormente han limitado y dificultado en gran parte la lactancia en este grupo de madres. Conclusiones: Sería deseable poner en marcha acciones de mejora que prestaran mayor atención en promover, proteger y apoyar la lactancia en este colectivo.(AU)


Objective: To know and deepen in the evaluation, and experience of gypsy women with breastfeeding. Method: Qualitative study with an interpretative phenomenological approach, through a focus group with the participation of six mothers of gypsy ethnicity, users of the Fuente de San Luis Health Center in the city of Valencia. Results: The barriers described by these mothers regarding breastfeeding refer to a lack of family support, an association of breastfeeding to sacrifice and to the dependence of the baby to the breast. From the accounts of these mothers it is perceived, a disinterest in breastfeeding and a lack of confidence in their own bilogy, which together with a low participation in maternal education activities, have meant the barriers that have mostly limited and largely hindered breastfeeding in this group of mothers. Conclusions: It would be desirable to implement improvement actions that would pay more attention to promote, protect and support breastfeeding in this group.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Mães , Aleitamento Materno , Poder Familiar , Comportamento Materno , Aleitamento Materno/etnologia , Roma (Grupo Étnico) , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Enfermagem , Espanha
9.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(9): e2229726, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048440

RESUMO

Importance: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences substantially increases the risk of chronic health problems. Originally designed to treat child conduct problems, parent management training programs have been shown to be effective in preventing children from being exposed to further adversity and supporting children's recovery from adversity; however, there are increasing concerns that a core component of these programs, the discipline strategy time-out, may be harmful for children with a history of exposure to adversity. Objective: To investigate the comparative benefits and potential harms to children exposed to adversity that are associated with parenting programs that include time-out. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nonrandomized waiting list-controlled clinical study was conducted at a specialist clinic for the treatment of conduct problems in Sydney, Australia. The self-referred sample included children with conduct problems and their caregivers. Eligibility was confirmed through clinician-administered interviews. Data were collected between February 14, 2018, and February 1, 2021. Interventions: Caregivers participated in a 10-session, social learning-based parent management training program. Caregivers were provided with parenting strategies aimed at encouraging desired behaviors through effective reinforcement and managing misbehavior through consistent limit setting, including the use of time-outs. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the parent-reported Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire score, and secondary outcomes included subscale scores from the clinician-administered Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Adolescents, and Parents. Multi-informant measures of child adversity were collected using the parent-reported Adverse Life Experiences Scale and the clinician-rated Maltreatment Index. Results: A total of 205 children were included in analysis (156 in the full intervention and 49 in the control condition; 158 boys [77.1%]; mean [SD] age, 5.6 [1.8] years [range, 2-9 years]). Compared with children with low adversity exposure, children with high adversity exposure showed greater reductions in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire score from baseline (mean difference, 3.46 [95% CI, 1.51-5.41]; P < .001) to after treatment (mean difference, 1.49 [95% CI, -0.46 to 3.44]; P = .13) and in the internalizing symptom subscale score (baseline mean difference, 1.00 [95% CI, -2,00 to 0.00]; P = .50; posttreatment mean difference, 0.06 [95% CI, -0.82 to 0.94]; P = .90). No significant differences in the externalizing symptom subscale score were found. Conclusions and Relevance: In this nonrandomized clinical study, children with high exposure to adversity experienced equivalent, if not greater, benefits associated with parenting programs that include time-out compared with children with low exposure to adversity. Results suggest that time-out was an effective component of parenting programs for children exposed to adversity. Trial Registration: anzctr.org.au Identifier: ACTRN12617001472369.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Pais , Adolescente , Austrália/epidemiologia , Cuidadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Masculino , Pais/educação
10.
Int J Circumpolar Health ; 81(1): 2120174, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097880

RESUMO

Our study sought to explore the experiences of caregivers of urban Inuit children with respect to child health knowledge acquisition to develop community-specific best practices for health promotion initiatives. A needs assessment was conducted to understand how caregivers access child health knowledge and services; what child health issues require improved knowledge mobilisation; and how caregivers would like to access this knowledge. Four focus groups were held with twenty-four parents and caregivers of Inuit children. Child health knowledge acquisition was influenced by dynamics of trust and discrimination, making caregivers' social networks and Indigenous health services highly valued sources. Health topics identified as requiring improved knowledge mobilisation were those in which caregivers faced tensions between Indigenous and non-Indigenous ways of knowing. Such topics included parenting and development, adolescent mental and sexual health, common childhood illnesses, infant care, and nutrition. Caregivers preferred a multi-modal approach to health promotion, highlighting importance of in-person gatherings while also valuing accessible multi-media components. The presence of Elders as facilitators was especially important for child development, parenting, and nutrition. For health promotion to be effective, it must consider community-specific health knowledge sharing processes; tensions between Indigenous and non-Indigenous ways of knowing; and community ownership in health promotion endeavors.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Saúde da Criança , Adolescente , Idoso , Criança , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Inuítes , Poder Familiar
11.
Pediatr Int ; 64(1): e15295, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are less physically active than their typically developing peers. The effects of decreased physical activity on children's quality of life (QOL) or caregiver's lives are not well understood. This study aimed to investigate the association between physical activity, QOL, and parenting stress in children with CP. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was done in children with CP. Daily physical activity was measured over 7 days using an accelerometer (ActiGraph™). Caregivers completed the Child Health Questionnaire - Parent Form 50 and Parenting Stress Index - Short Form. Multiple regression analysis was used. RESULTS: In total, data from 65 children with Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-V, aged 4-13 years, were analyzed. Non-ambulatory (GMFCS IV-V) children had significantly lower activity counts and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in comparison with ambulatory (GMFCS I-II) and marginally ambulatory (GMFCS III) children. The ambulatory group had better physical QOL than the non-ambulatory group. Caregivers of the non-ambulatory or marginally ambulatory children with CP reported higher parenting stress levels than those of the ambulatory group. Time spent in MVPA and activity counts were positively associated with physical QOL in children with CP. Low activity counts and low amounts of MVPA of children with CP were significant predictors of high parenting stress. CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity in children with CP is associated with children's QOL and parenting stress. These results suggest that clinicians should conduct physical activity assessment and counseling to promote physical activity.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 52(4): 407-420, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117302

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This structural model study was constructed and verified a hypothetical model to examine the effects of parenting stress, social resources, family resources, and positive coping on resilience among mothers of children with developmental disabilities. METHODS: Data were collected using self-report structured questionnaires, from October 19 to October 30, 2018, with 214 mothers caring for children with developmental disabilities under the age of 20 years. RESULTS: In the fitness test results of the hypothesis model, with the fit index χ² (p) = 69.27 (< .001), and the normed fit indices (χ² = 1.87, GFI = .94, CFI = .97, NFI = .93, and TLI = .95, RMSEA = .06, SRMR = .06), this study satisfies the good fitness in standards. There are seven statistically significant paths among the 10 paths set in the hypothetical model. The explanatory power of parenting stress and social resources, which affects the family resources was 41.4%, the explanatory power of parenting stress, social resources, and family resources affecting the positive coping was 58.9%, and the explanatory power of parenting stress, social resources, family resources, and positive coping affecting resilience was 55.5%. CONCLUSION: Positive coping, family resources, and social resources of mothers of children with developmental disabilities directly affect their resilience, and parenting stress indirectly affects it. Therefore, to improve the resilience of mothers of children with developmental disabilities, it is necessary to develop a systematic nursing intervention that considers parenting stress, social resources, family resources, and positive coping.


Assuntos
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Mães , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Poder Familiar , Estresse Psicológico , Adulto Jovem
13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 699, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Being a new parent can be both joyful and stressful. Parenting stress is associated with poorer health and well-being for parents and infant and increased psychological distress. For new mothers, physical and hormonal changes, expectations of mothering and demands of a new baby may cause additional stress. Breastfeeding is promoted as optimal for maternal and infant health, but can have both positive and negative psychological impacts. Formal and informal social support can offset parenting and breastfeeding stress. Source, content and context of support for new parents are important considerations. This study compares two countries with different parenting and breastfeeding contexts, Finland (more supportive) and the UK (less supportive), investigating the role of breastfeeding stress, self-efficacy and social support as predictors of stress and role strain for new mothers. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was completed by 1550 breastfeeding mothers of infants up to 2 years old, recruited via social media platforms in Finland and the UK. Predictors of parenting stress and strain, including demograpic factors, childbirth experiences, breastfeeding and social support were investigated. RESULTS: We found fewer differences between countries than expected, perhaps due to demographic and contextual differences. Women in Finland reported better childbirth experiences, more positive breastfeeding attitudes, and more self-efficacy than in the UK. Levels of parenting stress were similar in both countries. Women in the UK reported more parental role strain, but fewer breastfeeding stressors. Participants accessed more informal than formal supports, including their partner for parenting and facebook groups and family for breastfeeding. Analysis suggested breastfeeding stress and social support had significant direct effects - respectively increasing and reducing parenting stress and role strain, but no moderating effects of social support suggesting support did not change the relationship between breastfeeding and parenting stress. CONCLUSIONS: Results have important implications for the provision of breastfeeding and parenting support for new mothers. Simple interventions to manage stress for mothers in the postnatal period could be beneficial and are easily delivered by supporters. As shown elsewhere, socio-economic and cultural factors are crucial influences on parenting experiences.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Poder Familiar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Finlândia , Humanos , Lactente , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Apoio Social , Reino Unido
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078247

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We tested the efficacy of standard Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), a live-coached, behavioral parent-training program, for modifying problematic eating behaviors in a larger effectiveness trial of PCIT for children involved in the child welfare system. METHOD: Children ages 3-7 years and their parents were randomly assigned to PCIT intervention (n = 120) or services as the usual control (SAU; n = 84) groups in a randomized clinical trial. Children's eating behaviors were assessed pre- and post-intervention via the Child Eating Behaviors Questionnaire (CEBQ). Intention-to-treat analyses were conducted, followed by per-protocol analyses, on treatment-engaging families only. RESULTS: PCIT led to reductions in child welfare-involved children's food responsiveness, speed of food consumption, and tendency to engage in emotional overeating relative to children in the services-as-usual control condition. Standard PCIT may be an effective intervention to promote healthy child eating behaviors in families involved with child welfare, even when food-related behaviors are not directly targeted by the intervention. Public Health Significance: This clinical trial provides evidence that child welfare-involved children who received PCIT experienced significant reductions in maladaptive eating-related behaviors, namely food responsiveness, emotional overeating, and speed of eating. These findings were observed in relation to children in a comparison control group who had access to child welfare services-as-usual.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Relações Pais-Filho , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Proteção da Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dieta Saudável , Humanos , Hiperfagia , Poder Familiar/psicologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078352

RESUMO

Objective: In a multiple-birth family, parenthood means being a parent to more than one child of the same age. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of fathers of twins in order to contribute to the understanding of twin fatherhood and the needs for support. This article also provides some concrete guidance for midwives and nurses. Design: This qualitative research study was guided by the hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Setting: Notification of the study was published on the Multiple Births Association website for the fathers of twins. The data comprised fathers' (n = 6) diaries and/or notes and in-depth interviews. Results: The following themes describe the phenomenon of being a father of twins: "Fatherhood of twins grows gradually", "Strengthening of twin fatherhood by being present and involved", "Father develops his relationship with each and both of the twins", and "Making space for multiple fatherhood". This article concentrates on the latter two themes. Conclusions: Fatherhood/parenthood is a very special time in a person's life and has many effects on a child's health and wellbeing and his/her life. Fathers of twins want to create a close bond with them by being actively present and involved in the children's daily life, also with a view to the future. The staff of the hospital and maternity and child health clinic play a vital role in implementing services meant for multiple-birth families in the holistic understanding of and support for fathers/parents during the transition to parenthood and after the children's birth. Implications for practice: Midwives and nurses are vital in providing support for, sharing knowledge with, and giving advice to fathers and different kinds of families. Multiprofessional cooperation that links evidence-based knowledge, theory, and practice, ensuring that the voices of both parents are heard and respected, is key to improving the care for different kinds of families and families with special needs.


Assuntos
Relações Pai-Filho , Comportamento Paterno , Criança , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Poder Familiar , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous work has indicated that a negative parenting style is associated with antisocial personality disorder features in Chinese college students, yet few studies have explored the unique role of negative mothering in children's antisocial personality disorder. METHODS: The current study mainly examined the sequential mediation effect of parental antipathy and neglect (PAN) and mother negative loving (a form of insecure attachment) in the association between mother control and adulthood antisocial personality disorder features (ASPD features) in the framework of attachment theory and cognitive-behavioral theory. A community sample of 1547 Chinese college students filled in the Parental Bonding Instrument, the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse Questionnaire, the Adult Attachment Questionnaire and the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4+. RESULTS: A sequential mediation model analysis showed that maternal control significantly predicted PAN, mother negative loving, as well as ASPD features. CONCLUSIONS: Mother control and mother negative loving appear to advance on the development and exacerbation of ASPD features in college students.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Apego ao Objeto , Adulto , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/epidemiologia , Criança , China , Feminino , Humanos , Poder Familiar , Estudantes
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078664

RESUMO

With the increasing use of smartphones in our lives, technoference has become a new threat to family relationships and child development. The present study explored the impact of technoference in conjugal interactions on child smartphone dependence and its underlying mechanism. The participants were 6923 fourth grade children (55.0% boys; the average age was 10.60 years) in 545 primary schools and their parents (35.3% fathers). We found that technoference in conjugal interactions was significantly associated with child smartphone dependence. Technoference in conjugal interactions indirectly affected child smartphone dependence through marital conflict or coparenting and a chain mediation between marital conflict and coparenting. These findings support the spillover theory and provide relevant empirical evidence and advance our understanding of parental functioning on child smartphone dependence within the Chinese culture.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Poder Familiar , Asiáticos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Smartphone
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078727

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to widen the scope of the social component of family sustainability. The fundamental goal of this non-experimental, quantitative study was to look at the links between parenting correlates, personality characteristics, marital satisfaction, and well-being in couples, as well as to construct explanatory prediction models for relational and marital satisfaction. The study focused on the effects of personality traits, parental self-efficacy, and attachment to marital and relational satisfaction. The test instruments applied were: the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised, Marital Adjustment Test, Couple Satisfaction Index, Relationship Satisfaction Scale, Family Distress Index, Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (adapted to the role of a parent), Mowen's Personality Scale, and demographic data. A total of 238 Romanians answered the online survey, recruited based on a convenience sampling method. Participants in this research were individuals who were both married and had at least one child. The main findings show that agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, anxious and avoidant attachment, and marital adjustment predict the satisfaction in the relationship, and openness partially mediates the association between marital adjustment and relationship satisfaction. Parental self-efficacy appears to influence the association between relationship satisfaction and marital satisfaction. An increased parental self-efficacy score predicts an increased relationship satisfaction and marital satisfaction. The higher the parental self-efficacy, the higher the satisfaction in the relationship, which leads to an increase in satisfaction in the couple. These results show that marital adjustment and adaptation are related to relational satisfaction, and these relationship are partially mediated by an individual's openness. Despite some limitations, the current study significantly contributes to couples therapies and interventions in terms of physical and mental health, and the study provides insight into the experiences and perspectives of married individuals with children in Romania.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Satisfação Pessoal , Criança , Humanos , Casamento , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Cônjuges , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078775

RESUMO

Recently, there has been an increase in feelings of loneliness and mental health conditions among adolescents. Within this population, parenting teens are at an increased risk for these conditions. Outdoor experiences are shown to be an antidote to loneliness and a way to promote social connectedness by amplifying the processes for supporting social relationships. In 2020-2021, we piloted the 8-week Meeting in Nature Together program (MINT) at a charter school for pregnant and parenting teenagers in Colorado, USA. MINT aimed to promote relatedness and nature connection for students ages 14 to 19. MINT included online and in-person group meetings with educational content, creative activities, discussion, park excursions, mindfulness activities, journaling, and nature photography. Here, we ask, can a school-level nature-based social intervention reduce loneliness among pregnant and parenting teens by promoting and sustaining social connections? How acceptable is MINT to participants? Methods included audiovisual recording transcriptions, surveys, and observation field notes. Results suggest that MINT fostered social connections through a tailored nature-based intervention delivered to a typically isolated community in culturally sensitive, developmentally appropriate ways. MINT proved feasible and effective as participants reported high levels of satisfaction and interest in continuing to engage in activities promoted in MINT.


Assuntos
Solidão , Mentha , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Poder Familiar , Grupo Associado , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Nutr Educ Behav ; 54(9): 808-817, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore parental feeding practices and eating behavior as predictors of the child's emotional eating (EE) and child's emotion regulation (ER) as a potential moderator. DESIGN: Parental eating behavior (emotional, external, and restrained eating), 9 parental feeding practices (restriction, food as reward, food as ER, monitoring, healthy modeling, healthy environment, child control, and child involvement), ER, and EE were analyzed cross-sectionally and 5 parental practices longitudinally (subsample, n = 115). SETTING: Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred eighteen adolescents (aged 13.7 ± 1.77 years) and parent dyads. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Child's EE. ANALYSIS: Linear regression and moderation (cross-sectional) and linear mixed models (longitudinal). Models adjusted for multiple testing with a false discovery rate of 10% (Benjamini-Hochberg), age, sex, body mass index, socioeconomic status, and cohort. RESULTS: Cross-sectionally but not longitudinally, there was a positive association between predictors restriction and monitoring with the outcome child's EE (ß = 0.19, P = 0.006; ß = 0.17, P = 0.01, respectively). Restrained eating of the parent was negatively associated with the child's EE (ß = -0.22, P = 0.003). The child's maladaptive ER significantly moderated the associations of 5 feeding practices and parental EE with the child's EE. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Parents continue to play a role in the eating behavior of their adolescent offspring, not only through their feeding practices (restrictive parenting was most detrimental) but also by displaying restrained eating (beneficial). A child's ER appears as an important moderator of the established associations; however, more research is needed to better understand these observations.


Assuntos
Regulação Emocional , Poder Familiar , Adolescente , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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