Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 9.411
Filtrar
1.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 189, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305872

RESUMO

Bacterial strains of the genera Arthrobacter, Bacillus, Dietzia, Kocuria, and Micrococcus were isolated from oil-contaminated soils of the Balgimbaev, Dossor, and Zaburunye oil fields in Kazakhstan. They were selected from 1376 isolated strains based on their unique ability to use crude oil and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) as sole source of carbon and energy in growth experiments. The isolated strains degraded a wide range of aliphatic and aromatic components from crude oil to generate a total of 170 acid metabolites. Eight metabolites were detected during the degradation of anthracene and of phenanthrene, two of which led to the description of a new degradation pathway. The selected bacterial strains Arthrobacter bussei/agilis SBUG 2290, Bacillus atrophaeus SBUG 2291, Bacillus subtilis SBUG 2285, Dietzia kunjamensis SBUG 2289, Kocuria rosea SBUG 2287, Kocuria polaris SBUG 2288, and Micrococcus luteus SBUG 2286 promoted the growth of barley shoots and roots in oil-contaminated soil, demonstrating the enormous potential of isolatable and cultivable soil bacteria in soil remediation. KEY POINTS: • Special powerful bacterial strains as potential crude oil and PAH degraders. • Growth on crude oil or PAHs as sole source of carbon and energy. • Bacterial support of barley growth as resource for soil remediation.


Assuntos
Hordeum , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos , Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , Petróleo/microbiologia , Campos de Petróleo e Gás , Hordeum/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos/metabolismo , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Microbiologia do Solo , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo
2.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(3): 98, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351169

RESUMO

Hydrocarbons are considered as one of the most common and harmful environmental pollutants affecting human health and the environment. Bioremediation as an environmentally friendly, highly efficient, and cost-effective method in remediating oil-contaminated environments has been interesting in recent decades. In this study, hydrocarbon degrader bacterial strains were isolated from the highly petroleum-contaminated soils in the Dehloran oil field in the west of Iran. Out of 37 isolates, 15 can grow on M9 agar medium that contains 1.5 g L-1 of crude oil as the sole carbon source. The morphological, biochemical, and 16SrRNA sequencing analyses were performed for the isolates. The choosing of the isolates as the hydrocarbon degrader was examined by evaluating the efficacy of their crude oil removal at a concentration of 10 g L-1 in an aqueous medium. The results showed that five isolates belonging to Pseudomonas sp., Pseudomonas oryzihabitans, Roseomonas aestuarii, Pantoea agglomerans, and Arthrobacter sp. had a hyper hydrocarbon-degrading activity and they could remove more than 85% of the total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) after 96 h. The highest TPH removal of about 95.75% and biodegradation rate of 0.0997 g L-1 h-1 was observed for P. agglomerans. The gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) analysis was performed during the biodegradation process by P. agglomerans to detect the degradation intermediates and final products. The results confirmed the presence of intermediates such as alcohols and fatty acids in the terminal oxidation pathway of alkanes in this biodegradation process. A promising P. agglomerans NB391 strain can remove aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons simultaneously.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos , Pantoea , Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , Humanos , Pantoea/genética , Pantoea/metabolismo , Petróleo/metabolismo , Irã (Geográfico) , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Solo/química , Microbiologia do Solo
3.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 108, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347449

RESUMO

Soil pollution with heavy metals has grown to be a big hassle, leading to the loss in farming production particularly in developing countries like Pakistan, where no proper channel is present for irrigation and extraction of these toxic heavy metals. The present study aims to ameliorate the damages caused by heavy metal ions (Hg-Mercury) on rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) via a growth regulator (α-tocopherol 150 mg/L) and thermopriming technique at 4 °C and 50 °C to maintain plant agronomical and physiological characteristics. In pot experiments, we designed total of 11 treatments viz.( T0 (control), T1 (Hg4ppm), T2 (Hg8ppm), T3 (Hg4ppm + 4 °C), T4 (Hg4ppm + 4 °C + tocopherol (150 m/L)), T5 (Hg4ppm + 50 °C), T6 (Hg4ppm + 50 °C + tocopherol (150 mg/L)), T7 (Hg8ppm + 4 °C), T8 (Hg8ppm + 4 °C + tocopherol (150 mg/L)), T9 (Hg8ppm + 50 °C), T10 (Hg8ppm + 50 °C + tocopherol (150 mg/L) the results revealed that chlorophyll content at p < 0.05 with growth regulator and antioxidant enzymes such as catalase, peroxidase, and malondialdehyde enhanced up to the maximum level at T5 = Hg4ppm + 50 °C (50 °C thermopriming under 4 ppm mercuric chloride stress), suggesting that high temperature initiate the antioxidant system to reduce photosystem damage. However, protein, proline, superoxide dismutase at p < 0.05, and carotenoid, soluble sugar, and ascorbate peroxidase were increased non-significantly (p > 0.05) 50 °C thermopriming under 8 ppm high mercuric chloride stress (T9 = Hg8ppm + 50 °C) representing the tolerance of selected specie by synthesizing osmolytes to resist oxidation mechanism. Furthermore, reduction in % MC (moisture content) is easily improved with foliar application of α-tocopherol and 50 °C thermopriming and 4 ppm heavy metal stress at T6 = Hg4ppm + 50 °C + α-tocopherol (150 mg/L), with a remarkable increase in plant vigor and germination energy. It has resulted that the inhibitory effect of only lower concentration (4 ppm) of heavy metal stress was ameliorated by exogenous application of α-tocopherol and thermopriming technique by synthesizing high levels of proline and antioxidant activities in maintaining seedling growth and development on heavy metal contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia , alfa-Tocoferol/metabolismo , Brassica napus/metabolismo , Cloreto de Mercúrio/toxicidade , Cloreto de Mercúrio/metabolismo , Tocoferóis/metabolismo , Tocoferóis/farmacologia , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 466: 133578, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306837

RESUMO

Phytoremediation is widely considered as a cost-effective method for managing heavy metal soil pollution. Leersia hexandra Swartz shows a promising potential for the remediation of heavy metals pollution, including chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), and nickel (Ni). It is vital to understand the physiological and biochemical responses of L. hexandra to Ni stress to elucidate the mechanisms underlying Ni tolerance and accumulation. Here, we examined the metabolic and transcriptomic responses of L. hexandra exposed to 40 mg/L Ni for 24 h and 14 d. After 24-h Ni stress, gene expression of glutathione metabolic cycle (GSTF1, GSTU1 and MDAR4) and superoxide dismutase (SODCC2) was significantly increased in plant leaves. Furthermore, after 14-d Ni stress, the ascorbate peroxidase (APX7), superoxide dismutase (SODCP and SOD1), and catalase (CAT) gene expression was significantly upregulated, but that of glutathione metabolic cycle (EMB2360, GSTU1, GSTU6, GSH2, GPX6, and MDAR2) was downregulated. After 24-h Ni stress, the differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs) were mainly flavonoids (45%) and flavones (20%). However, after 14-d Ni stress, the DEMs were mainly carbohydrates and their derivatives (34%), amino acids and derivatives (15%), and organic acids and derivatives (8%). Results suggest that L. hexandra adopt distinct time-dependent antioxidant and metal detoxification strategies likely associated with intracellular reduction-oxidation balance. Novel insights into the molecular mechanisms responsible for Ni tolerance in plants are presented.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Níquel/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Poaceae/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Mecanismos de Defesa
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3866, 2024 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365802

RESUMO

Hydrocarbon pollution is a major ecological problem facing oil-producing countries, especially in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. In this study, a site that had been previously polluted by artisanal refining activity was investigated using 16S rRNA Illumina high-throughput sequencing technology and bioinformatics tools. These were used to investigate the bacterial diversity in soil with varying degrees of contamination, determined with a gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Soil samples were collected from a heavily polluted (HP), mildly polluted (MP), and unpolluted (control sample, CS) portion of the study site. DNA was extracted using the Zymo Research (ZR) Fungi/Bacteria DNA MiniPrep kit, followed by PCR amplification and agarose gel electrophoresis. The microbiome was characterized based on the V3 and V4 hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA gene. QIIME (Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology) 2 software was used to analyse the sequence data. The final data set covered 20,640 demultiplexed high-quality reads and a total of 160 filtered bacterial OTUs. Proteobacteria dominated samples HP and CS, while Actinobacteria dominated sample MP. Denitratisoma, Pseudorhodoplanes, and Spirilospora were the leading genera in samples HP, CS, and MP respectively. Diversity analysis indicated that CS [with 25.98 ppm of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH)] is more diverse than HP (with 490,630 ppm of TPH) and MP (with 5398 ppm of TPH). A functional prediction study revealed that six functional modules dominated the dataset, with metabolism covering up to 70%, and 11 metabolic pathways. This study demonstrates that a higher hydrocarbon concentration in soil adversely impacts microbial diversity, creating a narrow bacterial diversity dominated by hydrocarbon-degrading species, in addition to the obvious land and ecosystem degradation caused by artisanal refining activities. Overall, the artisanal refining business is significantly driving ecosystem services losses in the Niger Delta, which calls for urgent intervention, with focus on bioremediation.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Níger , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Microbiota/genética , Petróleo/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Solo/química , DNA/metabolismo
6.
Am J Bot ; 111(2): e16285, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353923

RESUMO

PREMISE: Plants grown at high densities show increased tolerance to heavy metals for reasons that are not clear. A potential explanation is the release of citrate by plant roots, which binds metals and prevents uptake. Thus, pooled exudates at high plant densities might increase tolerance. We tested this exclusion facilitation hypothesis using mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana defective in citrate exudation. METHODS: Wild type Arabidopsis and two allelic mutants for the Ferric Reductase Defective 3 (FRD3) gene were grown at four densities and watered with copper sulfate at four concentrations. Plants were harvested before bolting and dried. Shoot biomass was measured, and shoot material and soil were digested in nitric acid. Copper contents were determined by atomic absorption. RESULTS: In the highest-copper treatment, density-dependent reduction in toxicity was observed in the wild type but not in FRD3 mutants. For both mutants, copper concentrations per gram biomass were up to seven times higher than for wild type plants, depending on density and copper treatment. In all genotypes, total copper accumulation was greater at higher plant densities. Plant size variation increased with density and copper treatment because of heterogeneous distribution of copper throughout the soil. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the hypothesis that citrate exudation is responsible for density-dependent reductions in toxicity of metals. Density-dependent copper uptake and growth in contaminated soils underscores the importance of density in ecotoxicological testing. In soils with a heterogeneous distribution of contaminants, competition for nontoxic soil regions may drive size hierarchies and determine competitive outcomes.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Poluentes do Solo , Cobre/toxicidade , Cobre/análise , Cobre/metabolismo , Solo , Plantas/metabolismo , Citratos/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas , Biodegradação Ambiental
7.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 125, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Zinc (Zn) and nickel (Ni) are nutrients that are crucial for plant growth; however, when they are present at higher concentrations, they can cause toxicity in plants. The present study aimed to isolate plant growth promoting endophytic bacteria from Viburnum grandiflorum and assess its plant and defense promoting potential alone and in combination with RP in zinc (Zn) and nickel (Ni) toxic soil. The isolated endophytic bacteria were identified using 16s rRNA gene sequencing. For the experiment, twelve different treatments were applied using Zn, Ni, isolated endophytic Bacillus mycoides (Accession # MW979613), and rock phosphate (RP). The Ni, Zn and RP were used at the rate of (100 mg/kg) and (0.2 g/kg) respectively. A pot experiment with three replicates of each treatment was conducted using a complete randomized design (CRD). RESULTS: The results indicated that Ni (T5 = seed + 100 mg/kg Ni and T9 = seed + 100 mg/kg Zn) and Zn concentrations inhibited plant growth, but the intensity of growth inhibition was higher in Ni-contaminated soil. Bacillus mycoides and RP at 100 mg/Kg Zn (T12 = inoculated seed + 100 mg/kg Zn + RP0.2 g/kg.) increased the shoot length, leaf width, protein and sugar content by 57%, 13%, 20% and 34%, respectively, compared to the control. The antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutases (SOD), peroxidase (POD) were decreased in contaminated soil. Furthermore, Ni and Zn accumulation was inhibited in T11 (seed + 100 mg/kg Zn + RP0.2 g/Kg) and T12 (inoculated seed + 100 mg/kg Zn + RP0.2 g/Kg) by 62 and 63% respectively. The Cu, Ca, and K, contents increased by 128, 219 and 85, Mn, Na, and K by 326, 449, and 84% in (T3 = inoculated seed) and (T4 = inoculated seed + RP 0.2 g/Kg) respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Ni was more toxic to plants than Zn, but endophytic bacteria isolated from Viburnum grandiflorum, helped wheat (Triticum aestivum) plants and reduced the toxic effects of Ni and Zn. The effect of Bacillus mycoides was more prominent in combination with RP which promoted and suppressed heavy-metal toxicity. The reported combination of Bacillus mycoides and RP may be useful for improving plant growth and overcoming metal stress.


Assuntos
Bacillus , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Triticum/genética , Níquel/toxicidade , Níquel/metabolismo , Fosfatos/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Metais Pesados/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
8.
J Environ Manage ; 351: 119990, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183952

RESUMO

Leachate, an effluent produced during solid waste decomposition, interacts directly with soil, mainly in dumpsite areas. Studies on terrestrial animal exposure to leachate are, however, lacking. Plants are the most frequently studied organisms, while animal studies, especially earthworms, are limited. Nevertheless, ecotoxicological assessments involving earthworms are crucial due to their role in soil health and ecosystem maintenance, which are paramount in understanding potential terrestrial ecosystem leachate effects. In this context, this study aimed to evaluate behavioral effects, sublethal cytotoxicity and antioxidant system alterations in Eisenia andrei earthworms chronically exposed to leachate from a closed dumpsite. Cytotoxicity was determined by coelomocyte density, viability and cell typing, while antioxidant system alterations were assessed through superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), reduced glutathione (GSH) and metallothionein (MT) determinations. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein carbonylation (PTC) levels were also determined as oxidative effect markers. Finally, the Biomarker Response Index (BRI) was assessed, aiming to quantitatively integrate the results of the investigated endpoints and establish a biological health state (BHS) for each leachate concentration. Leachate exposure led to leak responses at concentrations of up to 50%, but attraction at higher concentrations. Decreased cell density (28%) was observed after 48 days and reduced viability (50%), after 14 days of leachate exposure. The observed cell typing changes indicate anti-inflammatory immune system effects. Leachate exposure led to several antioxidant system alterations, increasing SOD (2-6 %), CAT (5-35 %) and GST (5-70 %) activities and GSH (7-37%) and MT (3-67%) levels. Earthworm antioxidant defenses were, however, able to prevent lipid peroxidation, which decreased (11-37%) following leachate exposure to concentrations above 12.5%, and PTC, which increased at 42 days (26%) and reduced at 56 days (12 %). This is the first PTC assessment in leachate-exposed earthworms. The increased carbonylation levels observed after 42 days alongside MDA decreases highlight the need for further research employing oxidative effect biomarkers other than MDA. Finally, an integrated approach employing the BRI was carried out, revealing mild initial changes evolving to moderate to major effects at the highest leachate exposure concentration, with an effect attenuation detected at the end of the experiment. In this sense, this study brings forth a significant novelty, employing a biomarker previously not assessed in earthworms, demonstrating an oxidative effect, alongside the use of the BRI as an integrative tool for the endpoints applied in this assessment.


Assuntos
Oligoquetos , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Oligoquetos/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Ecossistema , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Solo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo
9.
J Hazard Mater ; 465: 133477, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38218033

RESUMO

Electrical fields (EFs)-assisted in-situ bioremediation of petroleum-contaminated groundwater, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, has drawn increasing attention. However, the long-term stability, the EFs influence, and metabolic pathways are still poorly understood, hindering the further development of robust technology design. Herein, a series of EFs was applied to the phenanthrene-contaminated groundwater, and the corresponding system performance was investigated. The highest removal capacity of phenanthrene (phe) (7.63 g/(m3·d)) was achieved with EF_0.8 V biofilm at a hydrolytic retention time of 0.5 d. All the biofilms with four EFs exhibited a high removal efficiency of phe over 80% during a 100-d continuous-flow operation. Intermediates analysis revealed the main pathways of phe degradation: phthalate and salicylate via hydroxylation, methylation, carboxylation, and ring cleavage steps. Synergistic effects between phe-degraders (Dechloromonas), fermentative bacteria (Delftia), and electroactive microorganisms (Geobacter) were the main contributors to the complete phe mineralization. Genes encoding various proteins of methyl-accepting (mcp), response regulator (cheABDRY), and type IV pilus (pilABCMQV) were dominant, revealing the importance of cell motility and extracellular electron transfer. Metagenomics analysis unveiled phe-degrading genes, including ring reduction enzymes (bamBCDE), carboxylase of aromatics (ubiD), and methyltransferase protein (ubiE, pcm). These findings offered a molecular understanding of refractory organics' decompositions in EFs-governed biotechnology.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Fenantrenos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Biofilmes , Microbiologia do Solo
10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 270: 115872, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171098

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) contamination poses a substantial threat the environment, necessitating effective remediation strategies. Phytoremediation emerges as a cost-efficient and eco-friendly approach for reducing Cd levels in the soil. In this study, the suitability of A. venetum for ameliorating Cd-contaminated soils was evaluated. Mild Cd stress promoted seedling and root growth, with the root being identified as the primary tissue for Cd accumulation. The Cd content of roots ranged from 0.35 to 0.55 mg/g under treatment with 10-50 µM CdCl2·2.5 H2O, and the bioaccumulation factor ranged from 28.78 to 84.43. Transcriptome sequencing revealed 20,292 unigenes, and 7507 nonredundant differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified across five comparison groups. DEGs belonging to the "MAPK signaling pathway-plant," "monoterpenoid biosynthesis," and "flavonoid biosynthesis pathway" exhibited higher expression levels in roots compared to stems and leaves. In addition, cytokinin-related DEGs, ROS scavenger genes, such as P450, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), and superoxide dismutase (SOD), and the cell wall biosynthesis-related genes, CSLG and D-GRL, were also upregulated in the root tissue, suggesting that Cd promotes root development. Conversely, certain ABC transporter genes, (e.g, NRAMP5), and some vacuolar iron transporters, predominantly expressed in the roots, displayed a strong correlation with Cd content, revealing the mechanism underlying the compartmentalized storage of Cd in the roots. KEGG enrichment analysis of DEGs showed that the pathways associated with the biosynthesis of flavonoids, lignin, and some terpenoids were significantly enriched in the roots under Cd stress, underscoring the pivotal role of these pathways in Cd detoxification. Our study suggests A. venetum as a potential Cd-contaminated phytoremediation plant and provides insights into the molecular-level mechanisms of root development promotion and accumulation mechanism in response to Cd stress.


Assuntos
Apocynum , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Cádmio/metabolismo , Apocynum/genética , Apocynum/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 456, 2024 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38172153

RESUMO

Nickel (Ni) is known as a plant micronutrient and serves as a component of many significant enzymes, however, it can be extremely toxic to plants when present in excess concentration. Scientists are looking for natural compounds that can influence the development processes of plants. Therefore, it was decided to use proline as a protective agent against Ni toxicity. Proline (Pro) is a popularly known osmoprotectant to regulate the biomass and developmental processes of plants under a variety of environmental stresses, but its role in the modulation of Ni-induced toxicity in wheat is very little explored. This investigation indicated the role of exogenously applied proline (10 mM) on two wheat varieties (V1 = Punjab-11, V2 = Ghazi-11) exposed to Ni (100 mg/kg) stress. Proline mediated a positive rejoinder on morphological, photosynthetic indices, antioxidant enzymes, oxidative stress markers, ion uptake were analyzed with and without Ni stress. Proline alone and in combination with Ni improved the growth, photosynthetic performance, and antioxidant capacity of wheat plants. However, Ni application alone exhibited strong oxidative damage through increased H2O2 (V1 = 28.96, V2 = 55.20) accumulation, lipid peroxidation (V1 = 26.09, V2 = 38.26%), and reduced translocation of macronutrients from root to shoot. Application of Pro to Ni-stressed wheat plants enhanced actions of catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and total soluble protein (TSP) contents by 45.70, 44.06, 43.40, and 25.11% in V1, and 39.32, 46.46, 42.22, 55.29% in V2, compared to control plants. The upregulation of antioxidant enzymes, proline accumulation, and uptake of essential mineral ions has maintained the equilibrium of Ni in both wheat cultivars, indicating Ni detoxification. This trial insight into an awareness that foliar application of proline can be utilized as a potent biochemical method in mitigating Ni-induced stress and might serve as a strong remedial technique for the decontamination of polluted soil particularly with metals.


Assuntos
Níquel , Poluentes do Solo , Níquel/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Triticum/metabolismo , Solo/química , Prolina/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Descontaminação , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38168910

RESUMO

Indigenous micro-organisms often possess the ability to degrade petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC) in polluted soil. However, this process can be improved by supplementing with nutrients or the addition of more potent microbes. In this study, the ability of kenaf-core to stimulate the PHC degradation capability of microbial isolates from PHC polluted soil samples was evaluated. The standard experimental methods used in this study include: the digestion and analysis of the physico-chemical properties of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated and non-contaminated soil samples; evaluation of petroleum hydrocarbon biodegradation using bio-augmentation and bio-stimulation (with kenaf-core) treatments; and, determination of soil microbial enzyme activities. Results from this study show that K, Na, total nitrogen, organic carbon, exchangeable cations, and heavy metals were found to be significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the polluted soil than in the non-polluted soil. Also, the polluted samples had pH values ranging from 5.5 to 6.0 while the non-polluted samples had a pH of 7.6. The microbial enzyme activities were comparatively lower in the polluted soils as compared to the non-polluted soil. The percentage degradation in the kenaf-core treated samples (AZ1T2-78.38; BN3T2-70.69; OL1T2-71.06; OT1T2-70.10) were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those of the untreated (AZ1T1-13.50; BN3T1-12.50; OL1T1-10.55; OT1T1-9.50). The degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon in the bio-augmented and bio-stimulated treatments increased with increasing time of incubation, and were higher than that of the untreated sample. Comparatively, the treatment with a combination of kenaf-core and rhamnolipid exhibited a significantly (P < 0.05) higher degradation rate than that of the treatment with only kenaf core or rhamnolipid. While, the bio-stimulated and bio-augmented treatments had appreciable microbial counts that are higher than that of the untreated. In conclusion, the nutrient-supplement with kenaf-core significantly enhanced microbial growth and activities in the soil, thus improving their ability to biodegrade petroleum hydrocarbons in the polluted soils. Thus, supplementing with Kenaf core to encourage microbiological degradation of petroleum hydrocarbon is recommended.


Assuntos
Hibiscus , Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , Hibiscus/metabolismo , Petróleo/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Bactérias/metabolismo , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 465: 133365, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38163407

RESUMO

The molecular mechanisms underlying high and low cadmium (Cd) accumulation in hot pepper cultivars remain unclear. In this study, comparative transcriptome analysis of root between high-Cd (J) and low-Cd (Z) cultivars was conducted under hydroponic cultivation with 0 and 0.4 mg/L Cd, respectively. The results showed that J enhanced the root uptake of Cd by elevating the expression of Nramp5 and counteracting Cd toxicity by increasing the expression of genes, such as NIR1, GLN1, and IAA9. Z reduced Cd accumulation by enhancing the cell wall lignin synthesis genes PAL, COMT, 4CL, LAC, and POD and the Cd transporters ABC, MTP1, and DTX1. Elevated expression of genes related to sulfur metabolism was observed in Z, potentially contributing to its ability to detoxify Cd. To investigate the function of CaCOMT1, an Arabidopsis thaliana overexpression line (OE-CaCOMT1) was constructed. The results revealed that OE-CaCOMT1 drastically increased the lignin content by 38-42% and reduced the translocation of Cd to the aboveground parts by 32%. This study provides comprehensive insights into the mechanisms underlying Cd accumulation in hot pepper cultivars using transcriptome analysis. Moreover, this study elucidates the critical function of CaCOMT1, providing a theoretical foundation for the production of low-Cd vegetables for food safety.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Capsicum , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Capsicum/genética , Capsicum/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Lignina/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Nitrito Redutases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética
14.
J Hazard Mater ; 465: 133397, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38198863

RESUMO

This study focuses on the abatement of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a global pollutant, in farmland soils. Seven controlled PAHs in China were used as the target ligands, and four key target receptors degradable PAHs and two key target receptors transport PAHs were used as the target receptors. Firstly, the degradation abilities of the four key target receptors on PAHs were quantified, and the dominant target receptors that could efficiently degrade PAHs were screened out. Then, the co-degradation abilities of PAHs under the coexistence of the dominant target receptors (microbial diversity) were assessed, and 30 external condition-adding schemes to promote the microbial (co-)degradation of PAHs were designed. In addition, the microbial dominant target receptor mutants and the plant key target receptor mutants were obtained, the degradation and transportation of PAHs were improved by 8.06%∼22.27% and 39.86%∼45.43%. Finally, the mechanism analysis of PAHs biodegradation and transportation found that the Van der Waals interactions dominated the enhancement of PAHs' degradation in soil, and the solvation capacity dominated the decrease of PAHs' transportation in plant. This study aims to provide theoretical support for the prevention and control of PAHs residue pollution in farmland soil, as well as the protection of human dietary health.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes do Solo , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Fazendas , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Microbiologia do Solo
15.
Environ Microbiol ; 26(1): e16577, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183371

RESUMO

Cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) dominates the interactions between rhizobacteria and pollutants at the soil-water interface, which is critical for understanding the dissipation of pollutants in the rhizosphere microzone of rice. Herein, we explored the effects of self-adaptive CSH of Sphingomonas sp. strain PAH02 on the translocation and biotransformation behaviour of cadmium-phenanthrene (Cd-Phe) co-pollutant in rice and rhizosphere microbiome. We evidenced that strain PAH02 reduced the adsorption of Cd-Phe co-pollutant on the rice root surface while enhancing the degradation of Phe and adsorption of Cd via its self-adaptive CSH in the hydroponic experiment. The significant upregulation of key protein expression levels such as MerR, ARHDs and enoyl-CoA hydratase/isomerase, ensures self-adaptive CSH to cope with the stress of Cd-Phe co-pollutant. Consistently, the bioaugmentation of strain PAH02 promoted the formation of core microbiota in the rhizosphere soil of rice (Oryza sativa L.), such as Bradyrhizobium and Streptomyces and induced gene enrichment of CusA and PobA that are strongly associated with pollutant transformation. Consequently, the contents of Cd and Phe in rice grains at maturity decreased by 17.2% ± 0.2% and 65.7% ± 0.3%, respectively, after the bioaugmentation of strain PAH02. These findings present new opportunities for the implementation of rhizosphere bioremediation strategies of co-contaminants in paddy fields.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Oryza , Fenantrenos , Poluentes do Solo , Sphingomonas , Cádmio/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Poluentes Ambientais/metabolismo , Sphingomonas/genética , Sphingomonas/metabolismo , Proteômica , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Solo , Rizosfera
16.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2359, 2024 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286879

RESUMO

Biotransformation of organic pollutants is crucial for the dissipation of environmental pollutants. While the roles of microorganisms have been extensively studied, the significant contribution of various root exudates are still not very well understood. Through plant growth experiment, coupled with gas and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry methods, this study examined the effect of the presence of M. sativa on microbial-associated biochemical transformation of petroleum hydrocarbons. The results of this study revealed that the concentration of exudates within the soil matrix is a function of proximity to root surfaces. Similarly, biodegradation was found to correlate with distance from roots, ranging from ≥ 90% within the rhizosphere to < 50% in bulk soil and unplanted control soil. Most importantly, for the first time in a study of an entire petroleum distillate, this study revealed a statistically significant negative correlation between root exudate concentration and residual total petroleum hydrocarbons. While not all the compounds that may influence biodegradation are derived from roots, the results of this study show that the presence of plant can significantly influence biodegradation of hydrocarbon pollutants through such root exudation as organic acids, amino acids, soluble sugars and terpenoids. Therefore, root exudates, including secondary metabolites, offer great prospects for biotechnological applications in the remediation of organic pollutants, including recalcitrant ones.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Petróleo , Poluentes do Solo , Poluentes Ambientais/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Rizosfera , Biodegradação Ambiental , Solo , Biotransformação , Exsudatos e Transudatos/metabolismo , Hidrocarbonetos/metabolismo , Petróleo/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Microbiologia do Solo , Exsudatos de Plantas/metabolismo
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 466: 133486, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38244456

RESUMO

Biochar is an eco-friendly amendment for the remediation of soils contaminated with cadmium (Cd). However, little attention has been paid to the influence and underlying mechanisms of the co-pyrolyzed biochar on the bioavailability and uptake of Cd in paddy soils. The current study explored the effects of biochar co-pyrolyzed from peanut shells (P) and maize straw (M) at different mixing ratios (1:0, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 0:1, 2:1 and 3:1, w/w), on the bacterial community and Cd fractionation in paddy soil, and its uptake by rice plant. Biochar addition, particularly P1M3 (P/M 1:3), significantly elevated soil pH and cation exchange capacity, transferred the mobile Cd to the residual fraction, and reduced Cd availability in the rhizosphere soil. P1M3 application decreased the concentration of Cd in different rice tissues (root, stem, leaf, and grain) by 30.0%- 49.4%, compared to the control. Also, P1M3 enhanced the microbial diversity indices and relative abundance of iron-oxidizing bacteria in the rhizosphere soil. Moreover, P1M3 was more effective in promoting the formation of iron plaque, increasing the Cd sequestration by iron plaque than other treatments. Consequently, the highest yield and lowest Cd accumulation in rice were observed following P1M3 application. This study revealed the feasibility of applying P1M3 for facilitating paddy soils contaminated with Cd.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Arachis , Oryza/metabolismo , Zea mays/metabolismo , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Carvão Vegetal/química
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 466: 133567, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38271874

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd) pose potential ecological threats to cropland soils; however, few studies have investigated their combined effects on multilevel organisms and soil functioning. Here, we used collembolans and soil microbiota as test organisms to examine their responses to soil As and Cd co-contamination at the gene, individual, and community levels, respectively, and further uncovered ecological relationships between pollutants, multilevel organisms, and soil functioning. At the gene level, collembolan transcriptome revealed that elevated As concentrations stimulated As-detoxifying genes AS3MT and GST, whereas the concurrent Cd restrained GST gene expression. At the individual level, collembolan reproduction was sensitive to pollutants while collembolan survival wasn't. At the community level, significant but inconsistent correlations were observed between the biodiversity of different soil keystone microbial clusters and soil As levels. Moreover, soil functioning related to nutrient (e.g., carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur) cycles was inhibited under As and Cd co-exposure only through the mediation of plant pathogens. Overall, these findings suggested multilevel bioindicators (i.e., AS3MT gene expression in collembolans, collembolan reproduction, and biodiversity of soil keystone microbial clusters) in cropland soils co-contaminated with As and Cd, thus improving the understanding of the ecotoxicological impact of heavy metal co-contamination on soil ecosystems.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Poluentes Ambientais , Microbiota , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/metabolismo , Arsênio/toxicidade , Arsênio/análise , Solo , Multiômica , Microbiota/genética , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
19.
J Hazard Mater ; 466: 133585, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38271877

RESUMO

Continued application of new chiral fungicide mefentrifluconazole (MFZ) increases its risk to soil ecosystem. However, the toxicity of MFZ enantiomers to soil fauna and whether stereoselectivity exists remains poorly elucidated. Based on multilevel toxicity endpoints and transcriptomics, we investigated the negative effects of racemic, R-(-)-, and S-(+)-MFZ on Eisenia fetida. After exposure to S-(+) configuration at 4 mg/kg for 28 day, its reactive oxygen species levels were elevated by 15.4% compared to R-(-) configuration, inducing enantiospecific oxidative stress and transcriptional aberrations. The S-(+) isomer induced more severe cell membrane damage and apoptosis than the R-(-) isomer, and notably, the selectivity of apoptosis is probably dominated by the mitochondrial pathway. Mechanistically, differential mitochondrial stress lies in: S-(+) isomer specifically up-regulated mitochondrial cellular component compared to R-(-) isomer and identified more serious mitochondrial fission. Furthermore, S-(+) conformation down-regulated biological processes associated with ATP synthesis and metabolism, with specific inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory electron transport chain complex I and IV activity resulting in more severe electron flow disturbances. These ultimately mediated enantioselective ontogenetic process disorders, which were supported at phenotypic (weight loss), genetic, and protein (reverse modulate TCTP and Sox2 expression) levels. Our findings offer an important reference for elucidating the enantioselective toxicological mechanism of MFZ in soil fauna.


Assuntos
Fluconazol/análogos & derivados , Oligoquetos , Praguicidas , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Praguicidas/metabolismo , Oligoquetos/metabolismo , Estereoisomerismo , Ecossistema , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Solo
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 466: 133579, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38290333

RESUMO

The introduction of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) is considered an effective strategy for improving the arsenic phytoremediation efficiency of Pteris vittata L. (P. vittata). However, how hyphae take up arsenic and translocate it to the root cells of P. vittata in the symbiotic mycorrhizal structure is currently unclear. In this study, the role of hyphae in arsenic enrichment in P. vittata and the mechanism of arsenic species transformation in the rhizosphere were studied via a compartmented cultivation setup. After Claroidoglomus etunicatum (C. etunicatum) colonization, the arsenic content of P. vittata increased by 234%. Hyphae contributed 32% to the accumulation of arsenic in symbionts. C. etunicatum promoted the conversion of iron and aluminum oxides to crystalline states in rhizosphere soil, promoted the desorption of arsenic bound to iron and aluminum oxides, and increased the content of available arsenic in rhizosphere soil by 116%. The transfer of arsenic from arbuscular structures to root cells was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM)/scanning electron microscopy- energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEMEDS) analysis. This study demonstrated that C. etunicatum inoculation enhances the phytoremediation efficiency of P. vittata in arsenic-contaminated soils through hyphal uptake, plant growth promotion, and alteration of the rhizosphere environment.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Micorrizas , Pteris , Poluentes do Solo , Micorrizas/metabolismo , Arsênio/metabolismo , Pteris/metabolismo , Hifas , Rizosfera , Solo/química , Alumínio/análise , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Ferro/metabolismo , Óxidos/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...